Manchester, New Hampshire: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manchester, New Hampshire
—  City  —

Nickname(s): Queen City, Manch Vegas
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 42°59′27″N 71°27′49″W / 42.99083°N 71.46361°W / 42.99083; -71.46361
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Hillsborough
Incorporated 1751
 - Mayor Frank Guinta (R)
 - Total 34.9 sq mi (90.4 km2)
 - Land 33.0 sq mi (85.5 km2)
 - Water 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)  5.44%
Elevation 210 ft (64 m)
Population (2007)
 - Total 108,874
 - Density 3,299.2/sq mi (1,273.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-45140
GNIS feature ID 0868243

Manchester is the largest city in the U.S. state of New Hampshire and the largest city in northern New England, an area comprising the states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont. It is in Hillsborough County along the banks of the Merrimack River. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 107,219. The estimated population in 2007 was 108,580.[1] Manchester is near the northern end of the northeast megalopolis. As of the 2007 population estimate referred to above, Manchester is the most populous New England city north of Boston (including other Massachusetts cities).

In 2009 rated Manchester 13th in a list of the 100 best cities to live and launch a business in the United States.[2] In addition, Kiplinger voted Manchester the second most tax friendly city in the United States, second only to Anchorage, Alaska.[3] Also in 2009, Forbes magazine ranked the Manchester region first on its list of "America's 100 Cheapest Places to Live."[4]



Mills on Merrimack River and the West Side of Manchester

Pennacook Indians called it Namoskeag, meaning "good fishing place"—a reference to the Amoskeag Falls in the Merrimack River. In 1722, John Goffe settled beside Cohas Brook, later building a dam and sawmill at what was dubbed Old Harry's Town. It was granted by Massachusetts in 1727 as Tyngstown to veterans of Queen Anne's War who served in 1703 under Captain William Tyng. But at New Hampshire's 1741 separation from Massachusetts, the grant was ruled invalid and substituted with Wilton, Maine, so Governor Benning Wentworth rechartered the town in 1751 as Derryfield.

In 1807, Samuel Blodget opened a canal and lock system to allow vessels passage around the falls. He envisioned here a great industrial center, "the Manchester of America", like the Industrial Revolution's Manchester in England, the first industrialized city in the world. Sure enough, in 1809, Benjamin Prichard and others built a cotton spinning mill operated by water power on the western bank of the Merrimack. Following Blodgett's suggestion, Derryfield was renamed Manchester in 1810, the year the mill was incorporated as the Amoskeag Cotton & Woolen Manufacturing Company.[5] It would be purchased in 1825 by entrepreneurs from Massachusetts, expanded to 3 mills in 1826, and then incorporated in 1831 as the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company.

Elm Street c. 1905

On the eastern bank, Amoskeag engineers and architects planned a model company town, founded in 1838 with Elm Street as its main thoroughfare. Incorporated as a city in 1846, Manchester would become home to the largest cotton mill in the world—Mill No. 11, stretching 900 feet (270 m) long by 103 feet (31 m) wide, and containing 4,000 looms. Other products made in the community included shoes, cigars, and paper. The Amoskeag foundry made rifles, sewing machines, textile machinery, fire engines, and locomotives in a division called the Amoskeag Locomotive Works (later, the Manchester Locomotive Works). The rapid growth of the mills demanded a large influx of workers, resulting in a flood of immigrants, particularly French Canadians. Many current residents descend from these workers. The Amoskeag Manufacturing Company went out of business in 1935, although its red brick mills have been renovated for other uses. Indeed, the mill town's 19th century affluence left behind some of the finest Victorian commercial, municipal, and residential architecture in the state.

View of downtown from north in 2009

Manchester is nicknamed the Queen City. More recent nicknames for the city are ManchVegas, Funchester, ManchHattan, and simply "Manch". In 1998, Manchester was named the "Number One Small City in the East" by Money magazine. The Mall of New Hampshire, on Manchester's southern fringe near the intersection of Interstates 93 and 293, is the city's main retail center. In 2001, the Verizon Wireless Arena, a venue seating more than 10,000, opened for major concerts and sporting events, enhancing the city's downtown revitalization efforts with a major hotel and convention center already in place directly across the street from the arena.

Geography and climate

Climate chart (explanation)
average max. and min. temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: Weatherbase

Manchester is located at 42°59′11″N 71°27′6″W / 42.98639°N 71.45167°W / 42.98639; -71.45167 (42.986284, -71.451560).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.9 square miles (90 km2), of which 33.0 sq mi (85 km2) is land and 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2) is water, comprising 5.44% of the city. Manchester is drained by the Merrimack River, the Piscataquog River and Cohas Brook. Massabesic Lake is on the eastern border. The highest point in Manchester is its extreme northwest corner, where the elevation reaches 560 feet (170 m) above sea level.


Board of Mayor and Aldermen
  • Mayor: Frank Guinta (R)
  • Ward 1: Mark Roy (D)
  • Ward 2: Ted Gatsas (R)
  • Ward 3: Peter M. Sullivan (D)
  • Ward 4: Jim Roy (D)
  • Ward 5: Ed Osborne (D)
  • Ward 6: Real Pinard (I)
  • Ward 7: William P. Shea (D)
  • Ward 8: Betsi DeVries (D)
  • Ward 9: Michael Garrity (R)
  • Ward 10: George Smith (D)
  • Ward 11: Russell Ouellette (D)
  • Ward 12: Patrick Arnold (D)
  • At-large: Michael “Mike” Lopez
  • At-large: Daniel P. O’Neil

Manchester is incorporated as a city under the laws of the State of New Hampshire, and operates under a strong mayor form of government. The mayor serves as chairman of the fourteen-member Board of Mayor and Aldermen, the city's legislative body. Each of Manchester's twelve wards elects a single alderman, and two additional at-large members are elected citywide.

The mayor also serves as the chair of the board of school committee. Like the board of aldermen, the school board has twelve members elected by ward and two at-large members. The School Board is not a City Department; rather, it is a School District which obtains financing from the Board of Mayor & Aldermen.


Manchester's estimated 2007 population of 108,580 is greater than that of Burlington, Vermont and Portland, Maine—the most populous cities in their respective states—combined. Manchester is the center of the Manchester, NH, New England City and Town Metropolitan Area (NECTA MA), with a population in 2000 of 176,663.[6] This is less than the population of either the Portland-South Portland-Biddeford NECTA or the Burlington-South Burlington NECTA, but both of these encompass considerably larger geographical areas than the Manchester NECTA.

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 107,219 people, 44,247 households, and 26,105 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,241.4 people per square mile (1,251.6/km²). There were 45,892 housing units at an average density of 1,390.2/sq mi (536.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.75% White, 2.10% African American, 0.30% Native American, 2.32% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.62% of the population.

As of the 2005-2007 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, White Americans made up 90.0% of Manchester's population; of which 85.3% were non-Hispanic whites. Blacks or African Americans made up 3.8% of Manchester's population; of which 3.7% were non-Hispanic blacks. American Indians made up 0.3% of the city's population. Asian Americans made up 2.4% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans made up less than 0.1% of the city's population. Individuals from some other race made up 2.3% of the city's population; of which less than 0.1% were non-Hispanic. Individuals from two or more races made up 1.2% of the city's population; of which 1.0% were non-Hispanic. In addition, Hispanics and Latinos made up 7.3% of Manchester's population.[8][9]

The largest ancestry groups within the city's population are: French (22.1%), Irish (20.2%), English (10.3%), German (7.4%), and Italian (7.9%).[10]

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 362
1800 557 53.9%
1810 615 10.4%
1820 761 23.7%
1830 877 15.2%
1840 3,235 268.9%
1850 13,932 330.7%
1860 20,107 44.3%
1870 23,536 17.1%
1880 32,630 38.6%
1890 44,126 35.2%
1900 56,987 29.1%
1910 70,063 22.9%
1920 78,384 11.9%
1930 76,834 −2.0%
1940 77,685 1.1%
1950 82,732 6.5%
1960 88,282 6.7%
1970 87,754 −0.6%
1980 90,936 3.6%
1990 99,332 9.2%
2000 107,219 7.9%
Est. 2007 108,874 1.5%

There were 44,247 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.00.

West Side neighborhood

In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,774, and the median income for a family was $50,039. Males had a median income of $34,287 versus $26,584 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,244. 10.6% of the population and 7.7% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 14.6% are under the age of 18 and 11.7% are 65 or older.


The city is served by four newspapers: the New Hampshire Union Leader (formerly the Manchester Union Leader) (a daily); the Manchester Express (a weekly newspaper published by Hippo Press); The Hippo (weekly); and the Manchester Mirror (a weekly produced by the New Hampshire Union Leader).

In addition to several commercial AM and FM radio stations, Manchester is also served by local cable television and two commercial television stations:

Manchester is part of the Boston television market.


Lincoln statue by Rogers in front of Central High School, 2005
Pearl Street School c. 1910
Elm Street in 2009

Public schools

Manchester's public school system is run by the Manchester School District.

High schools

Manchester School District has four public high schools:

Middle schools

Manchester School District has four public middle schools:

  • Hillside Middle School
  • Henry J. McLaughlin Middle School
  • Middle School at Parkside
  • Southside Middle School
Elementary schools

Manchester School District has fourteen elementary schools:

  • Bakersville Elementary School
  • Beech Street School
  • Gossler Park School
  • Green Acres Elementary School
  • Hallsville Elementary School
  • Highland-Goffes Falls Elementary School
  • Jewett Street School
  • McDonough Elementary School
  • Northwest Elementary School
  • Parker-Varney School
  • Smyth Road School
  • Webster School
  • Weston School
  • Henry Wilson School

Private schools

Manchester is served by three private high schools:

Other Roman Catholic schools include:

  • St. Joseph Regional Junior High School
  • St. Catherine School, an elementary school
  • St. Anthony School, an elementary school
  • St. Casimir, elementary and junior high school
  • St. Benedict Academy, an elementary school
  • Mount Saint Mary Academy, an elementary school

In addition:

  • Mount Zion Christian Schools, a nondenominational, evangelical Christian school serving kindergarten through twelfth grade; recently relocated from neighboring Bedford to Manchester
  • Easter Seals Robert B. Jolicoeur School, a private special education school

Post-secondary schools

Area institutions of higher education, together enrolling more than 8,000 students, include:


Old Library in 1908

Cultural landmarks include the historic Palace Theatre; the Currier Museum of Art; the New Hampshire Institute of Art; the Franco-American Center; the Manchester Historic Association Millyard Museum; the Massabesic Audubon Center; the Amoskeag Fishways Learning and Visitors Center; the Lawrence L. Lee Scouting Museum and Max I. Silber Library; and the SEE Science Center. Valley Cemetery, since 1841 the resting place of numerous prominent citizens, is an early example of a garden-style burial ground.

The Verizon Wireless Arena is a civic center that hosts a variety of events, from professional minor-league sports such as hockey and arena football to concerts with major recording artists and comedians, national touring theatrical productions, family-oriented shows, and fairs. It opened in November 2001 and seats more than 10,000 patrons.[4] The John F. Kennedy Memorial Coliseum is another, smaller venue located in downtown Manchester with a capacity of approximately 3,000 seats. It was completed in 1963, serves as home ice for the Manchester Central and Memorial High School hockey teams, and is home to the Southern New Hampshire Skating Club. [5]


Club League Venue Established Championships
Amoskeag Rugby Club NERFU, Rugby Northeast Athletic Club 1984 0
New Hampshire Fisher Cats EL, Baseball Stadium 2004 1
Manchester Monarchs AHL, Ice hockey Verizon Wireless Arena 2001 0
Manchester Wolves af2, Arena football Verizon Wireless Arena 2002 0
Manchester Millrats PBL, Basketball Southern New Hampshire University 2007 0
New Hampshire Phantoms PDL, Soccer Manchester Memorial High School 1996 0
ManchVegas Roller Girls USARS, Flat track roller derby ManchVegas Roller Girl Training Center 2008 0
Manchester Devils NEFL, Semi-Pro Football Gill Stadium 2004 0


Union Station c. 1910

The city is served by Manchester-Boston Regional Airport, the fourth largest airport in New England. It is the secondary airport serving Boston, Massachusetts, and is used by most of the nation's major airlines, with the largest market share held by Southwest Airlines. The airport has international service to Toronto, Ontario, via Air Canada; customs are handled in Toronto.

Interstates 93 and 293 and the F.E. Everett Turnpike are multi-lane highways that connect the metropolitan area to Concord and the White Mountains to the north and Nashua and Boston to the south. NH 101 is a four-lane highway eastbound from Manchester to Hampton Beach, connecting the city with the southeastern part of the state and the seacoast, as well as Maine and the Massachusetts North Shore via Interstate 95. West of Manchester, NH 101 is a two-lane highway serving as the main artery to Keene, the Monadnock region, and other points in southwestern New Hampshire.

Construction is underway to connect the Everett Turnpike just south of the city with the Manchester-Boston Regional Airport via a Merrimack River-crossing connector road, the first direct highway access with the airport to date. Currently most airport patrons must exit I-293 and then drive on Brown Avenue, a four-lane city street, to access the airport.

Public transportation is provided by the Manchester Transit Authority, which runs several bus routes throughout the city and surrounding areas. Concord Trailways and Boston Express run commuter services to Boston and other parts of the state. Vermont Transit Lines (affiliated with Greyhound Lines) has lines to Montreal. As of 2008, Boston Express has moved to suburb Londonderry, New Hampshire, and now provides only limited service to downtown Manchester.

With the planned expansion of Interstate 93 to eight lanes from Salem to Manchester, space will be reserved in the median for potential future commuter rail service along this corridor.[13]


Amoskeag Bank in 1913

Manchester is northern New England's largest city, and its metropolitan area is one of the fastest growing in New England. Its economy has changed greatly, as Manchester was a textile mill town about 20 years ago. In March 2009 Kiplinger voted Manchester the second most tax friendly city in America, after Anchorage, Alaska.[3] Earlier in the year, CNN rated Manchester 13th in its 100 best places to live and launch a business in America.[2]


City Hall Plaza, the tallest New England building north of Boston, is located in downtown Manchester. Other notable downtown buildings include the all-black Hampshire Plaza, the New Hampshire Tower, the New Hampshire headquarters of Citizens Bank (in the former Amoskeag Bank building) and Bank of America.

The Verizon Wireless Arena has become the centerpiece of downtown Manchester. The venue can seat more than 10,000 for concerts and sporting events. The Verizon is also home to the Manchester Monarchs, the local AHL affiliate of the Los Angeles Kings. The Stadium (formerly Fisher Cats Park) is a baseball park located on the Merrimack River in downtown Manchester and is home to the local AA baseball affiliate of the Toronto Blue Jays, the New Hampshire Fisher Cats. Historic Gill Stadium supported professional minor-league baseball into the early 21st century and continues to be a viable and popular downtown venue for many sporting and entertainment events, seating nearly 4,000 patrons, depending on the event format.

The Red Arrow, rated in 1998 as one of the top 10 diners in the United States[14], is located downtown.

In recent years there has been continual redevelopment of the Amoskeag Millyard and its residential Historic District. The increasing popularity of downtown living has caused many properties originally built as tenement housing for mill workers in the 19th century to be converted to stylish, eclectic residential condominiums. Many new retail stores and higher education institutions have been uniquely retro-fitted into properties along Commercial and Canal Street.


Manchester has two main retail areas: downtown Manchester and South Willow Street. The Mall of New Hampshire is located on South Willow Street, with more than 125 stores.

Notable inhabitants

Gen. Stark House in 1906
See List of people from Manchester, New Hampshire for a more complete list.

Sister cities

See also


  • Manchester: A Brief record of its Past and a Picture of its Present (1876) 598pponline
  1. ^ ""2007 Population Estimates of New Hampshire Cities and Towns"" (PDF). NH Office of Energy and Planning. June 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-03.  
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^ Tamara K. Hareven, Amoskeag: Life and Work in an American Factory City
  6. ^ "Population in Combined New England City and Town Areas (CNECTAs) and Their Component NECTAs in Alphabetical Order and Numerical and Percent Change: 1990 and 2000", U.S. Census Bureau, December 2003
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  8. ^|04000US33|16000US3345140&_street=&_county=Manchester&_cityTown=Manchester&_state=04000US33&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=DEC_2000_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ [1] .
  12. ^ Manchester city, New Hampshire - Population Finder - American FactFinder
  13. ^ Rebuilding I93: Salem to Manchester (NHDOT) — Frequently Asked Questions (F.A.Q.)
  14. ^ USA Today, Sep 18, 1998

External links

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MANCHESTER, the largest city of New Hampshire, U.S.A., and one of the county-seats of Hillsboro county, on the Merrimac river, at the mouth of the Piscataquog river, (by rail) 18 m. S. of Concord and 57 m. N.N.W. of Boston. Pop. (1890), 44,126; (1900), 56, 9 87; (1 9 10 U.S. census) 70,063. Of the total population in 1900, 24,257 were foreign-born, including 13,429 FrenchCanadians; and 37,530 were of foreign parentage (both parents foreign-born), including 18,839 of French-Canadian parentage. Manchester is served by the Southern, the Western, the White Mountains, and the Worcester Nashua & Portland divisions of the Boston & Maine railroad, and by inter-urban electric lines. It is situated on a plain about 90 ft. above the Merrimac river (which is spanned here by three bridges), commands extensive views of the beautiful Merrimac valley, and covers a land area of about 33 sq. m. On the east side of the city are two connected lakes known as Lake Massabesic (30 m. in circumference). Manchester is known for the attractive appearance of the residence districts in which the factory operatives live, detached homes and "corporation boarding-houses," instead of tenement houses, being the rule. The Institute of Arts and Sciences (incorporated in 1898) provides lecture courses and classes in science, art and music. Among the other public buildings and institutions are the United States Government building, the city-hall, the county-court-house, the city library (1854; the outgrowth of the Manchester Athenaeum, established in 1844), St Anselm's College (R.C.), a Roman Catholic cathedral, four Roman Catholic convents, the Elliot hospital, the Sacred Heart hospital and the hospital of Notre Dame de Lourdes, the State industrial school, the State house of correction, the Gale home for aged women, an old ladies' home (R.C.), St Martha's home for. working girls, the Manchester children's home and four orphan asylums. In the largest of five public squares is a soldiers' monument, consisting of a granite column 50 ft. high, surmounted by a statue of Victory. The city has two parks, and in one of them, overlooking the Merrimac, is a monument to the memory of General John Stark, who was born and was buried here. The water-supply is obtained from Lake Massabesic. Amoskeag Falls in the Merrimac are 55 ft. in height, and by means of hydraulic canals Manchester is provided with a fine water-power. Steam power is also used, and the city is by far the most important manufacturing centre in the state. It is extensively engaged in the manufacture of cotton goods, boots and shoes, worsted goods, hosiery and other knit goods, and locomotives; among the other manufactures are linen goods, steam fire-engines, paper, edge tools, soap, leather, carriages and beer. The value of the city's factory products increased from $24,628,345 in 1900 to $30,696,926 in 1905, or 24.6%. In 1905 Manchester produced 24.8% of the total factory product of the state. Manchester ranks fifth among the cities of the United States in cotton manufacturing, and ninth among the cities of the country in the manufacture of boots and shoes.

On account of the abundance of fish in the river here, Amoskeag Falls and vicinity were a favourite resort of the Penacook Indians, and it is said that John Eliot, the "Apostle to the Indians," preached to them here in the summer of 1651. The first white settlement within the present limits of Manchester was made in 1722 by Scottish-Irish immigrants at Goffe's Falls, 5 m. below Amoskeag Falls. In 1723 a cabin was built by some of these immigrants at the greater falls, and gradually a small settlement grew up there. In 1735 Massachusetts granted to a body of men known as "Tyng's Snow-Shoe Scouts" and their descendants a tract of land 3 m. wide along the east bank of the Merrimac, designated as "Tyng's Township." The Scottish-Irish claimed this tract as part of their grant from New Hampshire, and there arose between the rival claimants a bitter controversy which lasted until May 1741, when the courts decided against the Massachusetts claimants. In 1751 the territory formerly known as "Tyng's Township," and sometimes called "Harrytown," with portions of Chester and Londonderry, was incorporated as a township under the name Derryfield; in 1810 the name was changed to Manchester, the change having been suggested by the town's manufacturing possibilities; and in 1846 Manchester was chartered as a city. The first sawmill was erected as early as 1736, and during the years from 1794 to 1807 a canal was constructed around the Amoskeag Falls through which to carry lumber. As late as 1830 the town had a population of only 877, but in 1831 the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company was incorporated, the construction of hydraulic canals and the erection of cotton mills followed, the villages of Piscataquog and Amoskeag were annexed in 1853, and the population increased to 3235 in 1840, to 8841 in 1860, and to 33,592 in 1880.

Consult M. D. Clarke, Manchester, A Brief Record of its Past and a Picture of its Present (Manchester, 1875).

<< Manchester, Massachusetts

Manchester, Virginia >>

Simple English

Manchester, New Hampshire
—  City  —
Nickname(s): Queen City, Manch Vegas
Coordinates: 42°59′27″N 71°27′49″W / 42.99083°N 71.46361°W / 42.99083; -71.46361
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Hillsborough
Incorporated 1751
 - Mayor Frank Guinta (R)
 - Total 34.9 sq mi (90.4 km2)
 - Land 33.0 sq mi (85.5 km2)
 - Water 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)  5.44%
Elevation 210 ft (64 m)
Population (2007)
 - Total 108,874
 Density 3,299.2/sq mi (1,273.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-45140
GNIS feature ID 0868243

Manchester is the largest city in New Hampshire. It is located in Hillsborough County. The 2000 US Census puts the population at 107,219. However, an estimate done in 2007 puts the population at 108,580.[1]


Other websites

Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address