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Manchester Square in the 1790s.
Hertford House, home of the Wallace Collection, viewed from the gardens in Manchester Square.

Manchester Square is an 18th century garden square in the Marylebone area in London, England, a short distance north of Oxford Street. It is one of the smaller but better preserved Georgian squares in central London. The central section of the northern side of the square is occupied by a mansion once known as Manchester House and later as Hertford House, which is now the home of the Wallace Collection, a major collection of fine and decorative arts. The house and square form part of Marylebone's Portman Estate. Construction on both was underway by around 1776.

Famous residents in the square have included Julius Benedict, the German-born composer, who lived at No. 2, John Hughlings Jackson, the English neurologist, who lived at No. 3, and Alfred, Lord Milner, the British statesman and colonial administrator, at No. 14.

In the early 21st century, the chemical company ICI moved into a new headquarters in the north west corner of the square, which was designed in a style that blends in with the traditional architecture to some extent. The remainder of the square is still occupied by tall brick Georgian terraced houses, many of which are now offices.

References

Coordinates: 51°31′00″N 0°09′10″W / 51.5167°N 0.15272°W / 51.5167; -0.15272


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