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Mandi district
HimachalPradeshMandi.png
Location of Mandi district in Himachal Pradesh
State Himachal Pradesh,  India
Headquarters Mandi
Area 3,951 km2 (1,525 sq mi)
Population 9,00,987 (2001)
Population density 228 /km2 (590.5/sq mi)
Major highways NH21
Official website

Mandi district (earlier known as Mandavya Nagar) is the central district of Himachal Pradesh state in northern India. There is also a town called Mandi, which has a distinguished history and interesting architecture. It is also called "chotta Kashi" as there are many ancient temples in the city and on the banks of river Beas. The river Beas flows through the city and hills, which makes the city more scenic. It is also an important transportation and business hub for the state and adjoining towns. Sundarnagar is one of the emerging towns of this district. Mandi has a highly educated middle class and people speak a dialect of Pahari called Mandyali.[1]

Contents

History

Mandi district was formed with the merger of Mandi and Suket, two princely states on 15 April 1948. This coincided with the formation of the state of Himachal Pradesh. It was named up on Mandavya Rishi.Mandi is almost the centre of Himachal, lying along the left bank of the river Beas in the foot hills of medium sized Shivalik ranges, Mandi at a height of 760 metres (2,495 ft) entails a rich heritage of culture, of both historical and theoligical significance. Comprising of the two erstwhile states of Mandi and suket, mandi derivesi name Mandi, or 'Market' from the Ladhakh traders who passed through it, on their way to Hoshiarpur. Here, in the days of yore, the pious rishi, Mandavaya, performed long and severe penance and practised unthinkable austerities on his body, on the right bank of the river Beas, near the present town, which, then took his name. Both stories indicate the age of the beautiful temple town, situated at the bottom of the valley, and with a hot climate, Surrounded by hills, clad in pines, there is a large plain which has grain fields and rochards, between Mandi and Sundernagar. Known for its temples, Mandi is the home of a number of beautiful carved stone edifices each with an elaborate shikhara, or spire, among them bhutnath, triloknath, Panchvaktra and Shyamakoli at Tarna hill. Also on the hill is a new temple dedicated to Tarna Devi, overlooking the valley and giving a panoramic view of the whole area. Near Mandi the Beas Valley is broad, but there are a number of strike vales such as those of uhl and Rana Khad. The area under fruit in Mandi is about 15 per cent of the total area under fruits in Himachal Pradesh. Mandi raw silk has acquired wide fame but the salt mines at Drang and Guma are the special features of the economy. With abundant deposit of salt and lime-stone, possibilities are being invetigated for the existence of magnasite coal and china-clay. A base for visitors to Kullu, Manali, Lahaul and Spiti, Dharamsala, Kangra, etc., it is approachable from Pathankot (215 Km or 132 mile), Chandigarh (202 or 125 miles) and Shimla (158 or 98 miles). From Mandi, the road, proceeding through the cool forests of aut, winds along the Beas, through the Mandi-Larji gorge for a distance of 40 Km (25 mile). Widening and narrow, on either side of the road are rock hill sides rising perpendicularly to more than 300 metres (1,000 ft). Emerging finally from the gorge "The Valley of Gods" opens out and ever mile up the river reveals the changing beauty of the region.

General information

  • Area: 3950 km2
  • Population: 90100
  • Clothing: Cotton clothes in summer and woollen to heavy woollen in winter.
  • Language: Hindi, Punjabi, English, Pahari and Mandyali are understood and spoken by the people engaged in tourism trade.
  • Divisions: Divided into six tehsils and one sub-tehsil; Kharsog, Chachyot, Mandi Sadar Sundar Nagar (sub-tehsil Bali Chowki) Joginder Nagar Sarkaghat[2]

Approach

  • Train: The nearest railway stations are Joginder Nagar and Shimla by narrow gauge train, Chandigarh and Kalka by broad gauge train which are connected by regular bus services.
  • Road: Mandi is approachable by road from Shimla, Chandigarh, Pathankot and Delhi. There are regular bus services linking it to the other towns like Manali, Palampur and Dharamshala.
  • Airplane: The nearest airport is at Bhuntar in Kullu District, about 50 km from the district.

Mandi Tourism

The historic town of Mandi (800 M) is built along the banks of the river Beas. It has long been an important commercial centre, and the sage Mandvya is said to have meditated here. This one time capital of the princely state of Mandi is a fast developing town that still retains much of its original charm and character. Today, it is a district headquarters. Mandi is renowned for its 81 old stone temples and their enormous range of fine carving. Because of this, it is often called the "Varanasi of the Hills`. The town also has the remains of old palaces and notable examples of ‘colonial’ architecture. Mandi is the gateway to the Kullu valley and acts as the base for several exciting excursions. Bhootnath Temple Practically synonymous with Mandi and located in its very heart, this is as old as the town itself , and dates back to the 1520s. In March, the festival of Shivratri is a major event and the Bhootnath temple is its focus. For and entire week the town celebrates the arrival of hundreds of local deities on elaborately decorated palanquins.

Shikari Devi

15 km from Janjheli there is an ancient temple here and some marvellous landscapes.

Sundernagar 22 Km from Mandi is this attractive town where the balancing reservoir of the Beas-Sutlej link canal is located . The road has the canal on one side and lush green fields on the other which makes driving along it a real pleasure. The Mahamaya temple is atop a hill.

Syamakall Temple Also called the temple of Tarna Devi, this is high on Tarna Hill which rises above the town. In the 17th century this was built by Raja Syama Sen, after a particularly trying time, when the goddess gave him success.

Other Temples in Mandi Town

Within the town is a veritable roll-call of shrines. Apart from the emotions they evoke, they also have a wealth of classical architecture and ornate sculpture. Many of these are devoted to Lord Shiva, at the Triloknath temple he is depicted as the lord of the three worlds, at the Panchvaktra he has five faces, expressing his five aspects. At the Ardhanarisvara temple, Lord Shiva appears in a composite form with the right half as male and the left half as female - symbolising the male and female principles of cosmic evolution. There are several exquisite temples along the College Road, and the banks of the Beas are lined with many more. At the Gyarah Rudra temple, the day the famous 'Amarnath darshan' takes place, the temple is decorated to resemble the Amarnath cave.

Janjheli

67 km from Mandi this is a scenic place with thick forests and springs. It is also the base of some excellent treks.

Pandoh 16 km from Mandi, an earth and rock fill dam is located here.

Prashar Lake

40 km north of Mandi is this beautiful lake, with a three storeyed pagoda like temple dedicated to the sage Prashar.

Getting There By Air

The closest airport from Mandi is Bhuntar, which is around 59 km away.

By Rail

The closest railhead is in Kiratpur which 125 km away from the town of Mandi.

By Road

From Chandigarh one can drive directly to Mandi via Ropar and Bilaspur, the distance is 203 km, - the drive takes around 5 hours. Luxury buses from Delhi and Shimla, and bound for Kulu - Manali go via Mandi.

Places of interest

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Rewalsar Lake

About 25 km from Mandi, 14 km from Ner Chownk is the Rewalsar lake, famous for its floating islands of reed. It is believed that all seven of them can be moved by prayer or breeze. There are three shrines here, a Buddhist Monastery, where elaborate rituals are performed, a Sikh Gurudwara and a Hindu Temple. It was from this place that the sage Padma Sambhava, a zealous teacher of Buddhism, left as a missionary to preach the doctrine of "the enlightened" in Tibet. Lying in a mountain hollow, the lake is held sacred to all three communities, boating facilities are available. Tourist inn maintained by HPTDC provide accommodation and Indian cuisine.

Prashar Lake

Prashar Lake lies 49 km north of Mandi, with a three storied pagoda like temple dedicated to the sage Prashar.

Joginder Nagar

The large hydro-electric project in Joginder Nagar has an electric trolley takes the visitor up the steep, rocky face of 2,500 metres-high (8,202 ft) mountain and drops sharply on the other side to Barot, where the reservoir is located.

The railway line goes up to the power station, the water rushing down from the reservoir at Barot in the Uhl river through penstock pipes going down nearly a thousand metres (3,280 ft). For tourists who go up to Barot by the trolley, there is a comfortable rest house of the Electricity department. The roads extend beyond to Mandi and passes the Larji gorge to the Kullu valley.

Bassi power station is five kilometres from Jogindernagar and next to it, is Machhial where fishing is not permitted as it is considered a holy sacred spot, but it is a popular as a feeding spot for fish.

Sunder Nagar

Famous for its temples, 26 km from Mandi towards Shimla and at a height of 1,174 metres on the raised edge of a fertile valley, the beautiful town of Sunder Nagar is known for its shady walks amidst towering trees. On top of a hill and visited by thousands of devotees every year, is the Sukhdev Vatika and temple of Mahamaya.

The biggest hydro-electric project in all Asia, the Beas-Sutlej project, irrigating nearly one-fourth of the northern plains of India, has brought unprecedented prosperity to Sunder Nagar. The Beas-Sutlej link colony is the biggest colony in Himachal Pradesh.

Janjehli

At a distance of 80 km from Mandi, Janjehli is a paradise for hikers, offering treks up to a height of 3,300 metres. After covering 32 km by a motorable road up to Gohar and rest of the journey is on foot. In the midst of thick forest, forests (15 km from Gohar) is Bajahi. There is a beautiful and well furnished rest house to stay overnight, from here Janjehli is a scant 20 km away through bridle path. Chindi and Karsog are also nice places for meditation. Janlehli is also popular for adventure activities like-trekking, night safari, mountneering, skiing etc. At the distance of 10 km from janjehli the Shikari Mata temple is situated.

Lakes of Mandi district

Sports

The district is home to the Bandy Federation of India[3] which is a member of the IOC recognized[4] Federation of International Bandy. BFI plan to send a team to the Asian Winter Games 2011.

References

External links


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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colspan="2" style="background-color:#EAEFEF
font-size
1.25em; text-align:center;" |Mandi
[[Image: Himachal Pradesh locator map.svg
border|Map of Himachal Pradesh showing location of Mandi]]
[[Image:India Himachal Pradesh locator map.svg
border|Map of India showing location of Himachal Pradesh]]
Location of Mandi
 Mandi 
Location of Mandi
in Himachal Pradesh and India
</center>
Country  India
State Himachal Pradesh
Headquarters Mandi
Population
Density
900,987
228 /km2 (591 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166-2 IN-HP

Coordinates: 31°26′N 76°35′E / 31.43, 76.58

Mandi is the central district of Himachal Pradesh, India. There is also a town called Mandi, which has a distinguished history and interesting architecture. It is also an important transportation hub for the district. Sundarnagar is one of the emerging towns of this district. Mandi has a highly educated middle class and people speak a dialect of Pahari called Mandyali [1].

History

Mandi district was formed with the merger of Mandi and Suket, two princely states on 15 April 1948. This coincided with the formation of the state of Himachal Pradesh.it was named up on MANDAVYA RISHI(earlier known as mandavya nagar).

Lakes of Mandi District

          Geography of Himachal Pradesh          
Lakes Renuka Lake | Maharana Pratap Sagar | Gobind Sagar (more...)
Rivers Beas | Chenab | Ravi | Sutlej | Yamuna
Districts Bilaspur | Chamba | Hamirpur | Kangra | Kinnaur | Kullu | Lahul and Spiti | Mandi | Sirmaur | Shimla | Solan | Una
Other Climate of Himachal Pradesh | Protected areas of Himachal Pradesh | List of peaks in Himachal Pradesh
Kullu Manali Circuit
Sutlej Tail: Swarghat | Bilaspur | Deothsidh
Beas Trail: Mandi | Rewalsar | Jogindernagar
Kullu Valley Trail: Kullu | Raison | Naggar | Manali
Across The Rohtang Pass: Keylong | Lahaul and Spiti


GENERAL INFORMATION AREA: 3950 sq. km

POPULATION: 9.01 lakh

CLOTHING: Cotton clothes in summer and woolen to heavy woolen in winter.

LANGUAGE: Hindi, Punjabi, English are understood and spoken by the people engaged in tourism trade.

APPROACH

RAIL: The nearest railway stations are Joginder Nagar and Shimla by narrow gauge train, Chandigarh and Kalka by broad gauge train which are connected by regular bus services.

ROAD: Mandi is approachable by road from Shimla, Chandigarh, Pathankot and Delhi. There are regular bus services linking it to the other towns like Manali, Palampur and Dharamshala.

WHOM TO CONTACT

For accommodation and guidance on sight seeing, please contact:

      1. District Tourism Development Officer, Mandi. Phone: 01905-225036.
      2. Private Travel Agents.

WHAT TO SEE

1. REWALSAR: About 25 km from Mandi, 14 km from Ner Chownk is the Rewalsar lake, famous for its floating islands of reed. It is believed that all seven of them can be moved by prayer or breeze. There are three shrines here, a Buddhist Monastery, where elaborate rituals are performed, a Sikh Gurudwara and a Hindu Temple. It was from this place that the sage Padma Sambhava, a zealous teacher of Buddhism, left as a missionary to preach the doctrine of "the enlightened" in Tibet. Lying in a mountain hollow, the lake is held sacred to all three communities, boating facilities are available. Tourist inn maintained by HPTDC provide accommodation and Indian cuisine.

2. PRASHAR: This lake lies 40 k.m. north of Mandi, with a three storied pagoda like temple dedicated to the sage Prashar.

3. JOGINDER NAGAR: The large hydro-electric project in Jogindernagar is a living tribute to man he has harnessed and tamed the wild and roaring river for his betterment. Here an electric trolley takes the visitor up the steep, rocky face of 2,500 metres-high (8,202 ft) mountain and drops sharply on the other side to Barot, where the reservoir is located.

The railway line goes up to the power station,the water rushing down from the reservoir at Barot in the Uhl river through penstock pipes going down nearly a thousand metres(3,280 ft). For tourists who go up to Barot by the trolley there is a comfortable rest house of the Electricity department.The roads extends beyond to Mandi and passes the Largi gorge to the Kullu valley.

Bassi power station is five kilometres from Jogindernagar and next to it, is Machinhar where fishing is not permitted as it is considered a sacred spot, but it is a popular as a feeding spot for fish.

3. SUNDER NAGAR: Famous for its temples, 26 km from Mandi towards Shimla and at a height of 1,174 metres on the raised edge of a fertile valley, the beautiful town of Sundernagar is known for its shady walks amidst towering trees. On top of a hill and visited by thousands of devotees every year, is the Sukhdev Vatika and temple of Mahamaya.

The biggest hydro-electric project in all Asia, the Beas-Sutlej project, irrigating nearly one-fourth of the northern plains of India, has brought unprecedented prosperity to Sudernagar. The Beas-Sutlej link colony is the biggest colony in Himachal Pradesh.

4. JANJEHLI: At a distance of 67 km from Mandi, Janjehli is a paradise for hikers, offering treks up to a height of 3,300 metres. After covering 32 km by a motorable road up to Gohar and rest of the journey is on foot. In the midst of thick forest, forests (15 km from Gohar) is Bajahi. There is a beautiful and well furnished rest house to stay overnight, from here Janjehli is a scant 20 km away through bridle path.


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Mandi district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Mandi districtRDF feed
County of country India  +
County of subdivision1 Himachal Pradesh  +
Short name Mandi  +

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