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A mandoline used for slicing a carrot

A mandoline (French pronunciation: [mɑ̃doˈlin], English: /ˌmændɵˈlɪn/) is a kitchen utensil used for slicing and cutting juliennes; with proper attachments, it can make crinkle-cuts. It consists of two parallel working surfaces, one of which can be adjusted in height.[1] A food item is slid along the adjustable surface until it reaches a blade mounted on the fixed surface, slicing it and letting it fall. The tool has been popularized among non-professional and casual cooks, in the form of a plastic version, without many of the attachments found on professional models.[citation needed]

Other blades perpendicular to the main blade are often mounted so that the slice is cut into strips. The mandoline juliennes in several widths and thicknesses. It also makes slices, waffle cuts and crinkle cuts with firm vegetables and fruits.

Contents

Advantages

One of the advantages of using a mandoline is that the slices will be uniform in thickness[2], which is important with foods that are deep-fried or baked (e.g. potato chips), as well as for presentation. Another advantage is that the slices can be very thin, and be made very quickly, with significantly less skill and effort than would be required if cutting with a knife or other blade.[2]

Dangers

A mandoline may be a hazard if one slices too quickly and/or carelessly or does not use the hand-guard . Fingertip avulsions are common injuries.[citation needed]

External links

References

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MANDOLINE (Fr. mandoline; Ger. Mandoline; It. mandolina), the treble member of the lute family, and therefore a stringed instrument of great antiquity. The mandoline is classified amongst the stringed instruments having a vaulted back, which is more accentuated than even that of the lute. The mandoline is strung with steel and brass wire strings. There are two varieties of mandolines, both Italian: (1) the Neapolitan, 2 ft. long, which is the best known, and has four courses of pairs of unisons tuned like the violin in fifths; (2) the Milanese, which is slightly larger and has five or six courses of pairs of unisons. The neck is covered by a finger-board, on which are distributed the twelve or more frets which form nuts at the correct points under the strings on which the fingers must press to obtain the chromatic semitones of the scale. The strings are twanged by means of a plectrum or pick, held between the thumb and first finger of the right hand. In order to strike a string the pick is given a gliding motion over the string combined with a down or an up movement, respectively indicated by signs over the notes. In order to sustain notes on the mandoline the effect known as tremolo is employed; it is produced by means of a double movement of the pick up and down over a pair of strings.

' On the ruins of the old Melle dominions arose five smaller kingdoms, representing different sections of the Mandingo peoples.

The mandoline is a derivative of the mandola or mandore, which was smaller than the lute but larger than either of the mandolines described above. It had from four to eight courses of strings, the chanterelle or melody string being single and the others in pairs of unisons. The mandore is mentioned in Robert de Calenson (12th cent.), and elsewhere; it may be identified with the pandura.

The Neapolitan mandoline was scored for by Mozart as an accompaniment to the celebrated serenade in Don Juan. Beethoven wrote for it a Sonatina per it mandoline, dedicated to his friend Krumpholz. Gretry and Paisiello also introduced it into their operas as an accompaniment to serenades.

The earliest method for the mandoline was published by Fouchette in Paris in 1770. The earliest mention of the instrument in England, in 1707, is quoted in Ashton's Social Life in the Reign of Queen Anne: " Signior Conti will play. ... on the mandoline, an instrument not known yet." (K. S.)


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Mandoline

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See also mandoline

German

Noun

Mandoline f. (genitive Mandoline, plural Mandolinen)

  1. mandolin

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