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Manfredonia
—  Comune  —
Comune di Manfredonia
The church of Santa Maria Maggiore in Siponto.
Manfredonia is located in Italy
Manfredonia
Location of Manfredonia in Italy
Coordinates: 41°38′N 15°55′E / 41.633°N 15.917°E / 41.633; 15.917Coordinates: 41°38′N 15°55′E / 41.633°N 15.917°E / 41.633; 15.917
Country Italy
Region Puglia
Province Foggia (FG)
Frazioni Siponto, Riviera Sud (Sciali and Ippocampo), San Salvatore, Pastini, Tomaiuolo, Ruggiano, Borgo Mezzanone
Government
 - Mayor Francesco Paolo Campo
Area
 - Total 351 km2 (135.5 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (31 March 2008)[1]
 - Total 99,364
 Density 283.1/km2 (733.2/sq mi)
 - Demonym Manfredoniani or Sipontini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 71043
Dialing code 0884
Patron saint San Lorenzo Maiorano
Saint day February 7
Website Official website

Manfredonia is a town and comune of Puglia, Italy, in the province of Foggia, from which it is 35 kilometres northeast by rail. Manfredonia is situated on the coast, facing east, to the south of Monte Gargano, and giving its name to the gulf to the east of it.

Contents

History

The area of current Manfredonia was settled in ancient times by the Greeks, founded by Diomedes. The flourishing Greek colony, having fallen into the hands of the Samnites, was retaken about 335 BC by King Alexander of Epirus, uncle of Alexander the Great.

In 189 BC Sipontum was conquered by the Romans and became a colony of citizens. It was a port at the junction of the road which basiscally followed the Adriatic coast (but gving the Garganus mountain's peninsula just north a miss) and a road through Arpi, Luceria, Aecae and Aequum Tuticum connecting at Beneventum to the Via Appia.

In AD 663 it was taken and destroyed by the Slavs. In the 9th century, Sipontum was for a time in the power of the Saracens.

ln 1042 the Normans made it the seat of one of their twelve counties, while the Monte Gargano remained Byzantine. The Normans won a decisive victory there over the Byzantine general Argyrus in 1052. Siponto was an archbishopric in the Norman countship of Apulia.

Having become unhealthy owing to the stagnation of the water in the lagoons after the 1223 earthquake, Siponto was abandoned. The modern city of Manfredonia was built by King Manfred between 1256–1263, some kilometers north of the ruins of the ancient Sipontum. The Angevins, who had defeated Manfred and stripped him of the Kingdom of Sicily, christened it Sypontum Novellum ("New Sypontum"), but that name never imposed.

In 1528 Manfredonia resisted a French attack led by the Viscount of Lautrec. In 1620 it was destroyed by the Turks, who left only the castle and part of the walls.

Main sights

The medieval Castle, begun by the Hohenstaufen and completed by the Angevins, and parts of the town walls are well preserved. The Castle received a new line of walls in the 15th century

In the church of San Domenico, the chapel of the Maddalena contains old paintings of the 14th century. Three kilometers to the southwest is the cathedral of Santa Maria Maggiore di Siponto, built in 1117 in the Romanesque style, with a dome and crypt. S. Leonardo, nearer Foggia, belonging to the Teutonic order, is of the same date.

Manfredonia is also the seat of the archbishopric of Manfredonia-Vieste-S. Giovanni Rotondo.

Sources and references

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
  • A. Beltramelli, Il Gargano (Bergamo, 1907)
  • Westermann, Großer Atlas zur Weltgeschichte

Sources and external links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Italy : Southern Italy : Apulia : Foggia : Manfredonia

Manfredonia [1] is a city in the province of Foggia in the region of Apulia (Puglia), Italy.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MANFREDONIA, a town and archiepiscopal see (with Viesti) of Apulia, Italy, in the province of Foggia, from which it is 222 m. N.E. by rail, situated on the coast, facing E., 13 ft. above sea-level, to the south of Monte Gargano, and giving its name to the gulf to the east of it. Pop. (1901), 11,549. It was founded by Manfred in 1263, and destroyed by the Turks in 1620; but the medieval castle of the Angevins and parts of the town walls are well preserved. In the church of S. Domenico, the chapel of the Maddalena contains old paintings of the 14th century. Two miles to the south-west is the fine cathedral of S. Maria Maggiore di Siponto, built in 1117 in the Romanesque style, with a dome and crypt. S. Leonardo, nearer Foggia, belonging to the Teutonic order, is of the same date. This marks the site of the ancient Sipontum, the harbour of Arpi, which became a Roman colony in 194 B.C., and was not deserted in favour of Manfredonia until the r3th century, having become unhealthy owing to the stagnation of the water in the lagoons. See A. Beltramelli, Il Gargano (Bergamo, 1907). (T. As.)


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