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Mangalia
—  Municipality  —

Coat of arms
Location of Mangalia
Coordinates: 43°49′02″N 28°34′58″E / 43.81722°N 28.58278°E / 43.81722; 28.58278Coordinates: 43°49′02″N 28°34′58″E / 43.81722°N 28.58278°E / 43.81722; 28.58278
Country  Romania
County Constanţa County
Status Municipality
Government
 - Mayor Mihai Claudiu Tusac (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 - Total 62.26 km2 (24 sq mi)
Population (2003)
 - Total 41,153
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.mangalia.ro/

Mangalia (Romanian pronunciation: [maŋˈgalia], Greek: Callatis, Panglicara, other historical names: Pangalia, Tomisovara) is a city and a port on the Romanian coast of the Black Sea in the south-east of Constanţa County.

The following resorts are administered by the Mangalia municipality:

Contents

History

A Greek colony named Callatis (Kallatis) was founded in 6th century BC by the city of Heraclea Pontica.[1] Its first silver coinage was minted approximately 350 BC. In 72 BC, Callatis was conquered by the Roman general Lucullus and was assigned to the Roman province of Moesia Inferior. Throughout the 2nd century AD, the city built defensive fortifications and the minting of coinage under the Roman emperors Septimius Severus and Caracalla continued. Callatis suffered multiple invasions in the third century AD but recovered in the 4th century AD to retain its status as an important trade hub and port city.[2]

Since the 9th century it was known by the Turks as Pangalia, by the Romanians as Tomisovara and by the Greeks as Panglicara and it was one of the most important ports on the west coast of the Black Sea. Mangalia (former Callatis) is the oldest city, continuously inhabited, on the present territory of Romania.

Geography and climate

Mangalia is positioned at 43°49’ latitude and 28°35’ longitude, with an approximate elevation of 10 meters, 44 km south of the municipality of Constanţa, on the same latitude as the French resort of Nice. Mangalia is one of the southernmost resorts on the Romanian coast of the Black Sea.

Mangalia is characterized by a moderate maritime climate (annual average temperature 11°C - one of the highest in Romania) with hot summers (July average over 21°C) and mild winters (January average 1°C), Mangalia being the country's second place, after Băile Herculane, with positive average temperatures in wintertime. Spring comes early but is cool and autumn is long and warm. In summer, cloudiness is reduced (about 25 sunny days in a month) and the duration of sunshine is of 10–12 hours a day. Annual precipitation is low (about 400 mm).

The sea breeze is stronger in summer. The natural cure factors are the water of the Black Sea, which is chlorided, sulphated, sodic, magnesian, hypotonic (mineralization 15.5g), the sulphurous, chlorided, bicarbonated, sodic, calcic, mesothermal (21-28°C) mineral waters of the springs in the northern part of the city, in the area of the beach between Saturn and Venus, the sulphurous peat mud, rich in minerals, which is extracted from the peat bog north of the city (expected to last another 250 years) and the marine climate, rich in saline aerosols and solar radiation that have a bracing effect on the organism.

The resort has a large, fine-sand beach developed for purposes of aeroheliotherapy and wave therapy, as well as high seawalls with a specific microclimate where one may benefit from inhalations of saline aerosols having therapeutic effects.

Climate data for Mangalia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4
(39)
4
(39)
7
(45)
12
(54)
17
(63)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
21
(70)
16
(61)
10
(50)
6
(43)
14
(57)
Average low °C (°F) -1
(30)
0
(32)
2
(36)
6
(43)
11
(52)
16
(61)
17
(63)
17
(63)
14
(57)
9
(48)
4
(39)
1
(34)
8
(46)
Source: weatherbase.com[3]

Tourist attractions

Callatis Artifacts
Mosque

The Scythian tomb discovered in 1959 where archaeologists unearthed fragments of a papyrus in Greek, the first document of this kind in Romania; the incineration tombs (the necropolis of the Callatis citadel, dating back to the 4th-2nd centuries BC); the ruins of the Callatis citadel (6th century BC); the Turkish Mangalia Mosque (16th century); the Archaeology Museum which shelters a rich collection of amphorae and sculptures from the Hellenistic epoch, fragments of stone sarcophagi, etc.

The city has been well known in recent years as the place where one of the largest summer festivals in Romania takes place: Callatis Festival.

Politics

The current mayor of Mangalia is Claudiu Tusac (Social Democratic Party).

The Mangalia Municipal Council, elected in the 2008 local government elections, is made up of 19 councilors, with the following party composition:

    Party Seats Current Council
  Social Democratic Party 5          
  Democratic Liberal Party 5          
  National Liberal Party 4          
  Conservative Party 2          
  Democratic Force 2          
  Greater Romania Party 1          

Twin cities

It is twinned with Greenport, a coastal village on Long Island (New York State, USA), and Lavrion, a city in Greece.

References

  1. ^ Amphoras from Callatis (Romania), International Journal of Nautical Archaeology,[1]
  2. ^ Michael Grant, "A Guide to the Ancient World", New York: Barnes and Noble Books 1997, p. 140.
  3. ^ "Weatherbase data Mangalia". http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=99451&refer=&units=metric. 
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Balkans : Romania : Dobruja : Mangalia

Mangalia is a port city and tourist resort in south-eastern Romania. The area has been inhabited since the neolithic. In the VIII - VI centuries B.C. it was colonised by the Greeks. The name of the city that they built was Callatis. in the year 71 B.C. the Romans conquer Callatis. The city Callatis was abandoned by the 7th century A.D. Instead, starting with the XIIIth century A.D. documents speak of a new city, first called Pangalia, later Mankalia. It is believed that the Turks gaved it its final name - Mangalia, since it was hard for them to pronounce Mankalia.

The beach is 600 meters long and 50-150 meters wide and has a very fine sand; the sea water is not very deep - 1 meter by the shore to 200 meters in the open sea and for this reason it is preferred by the children who cannot swim.

The city divides in 2 sections: Mangalia North that features the resorts Olimp, Neptun, Jupiter, Cap Aurora, Venus, Saturn and Mangalia South that features the commercial harbor as well as the shipyard.

Mangalia is also a balneoclimateric resort. Annual average temperature stand at 11.2 degrees Celsius. Lake Mangalia (who's surface stands at 261 ha) is supplied by rich sulfuric mezothermal water springs. They are employed in treating degenerative rheumatic diseases. Mangalia is the only maritime resort to have mineral water springs!

Get in

By train

There are several trains daily between Constanta and Mangalia, going through the resorts on the Black Sea coast. In summer there are direct trains to Mangalia from Bucharest and other major cities in Romania.

By bus

There are frequent minibuses and buses on the Constanta - Mangalia route, especially in summer.

Get around

Mangalia is a small resort, spanning over 6200 ha. Most of the tourist attractions are reachable by foot. The resorts north of the city are reachable by buses and minibuses. Same goes for the hippodrome and the caves.

Map of Mangalia
Map of Mangalia
  • Callatis Archeology Museum, jud. Constanţa near the stadium, Tel: 0241/753.580. Daily 8AM-8PM. It features a collection of Hellenistic coins, sculptures, ceramics, jewelry and tools dating back from the Greek, Roman and Dacian eras. Most items were recovered from the ancient city of Callatis. The facility also includes a library housing over one thousand volumes of archeology related books.
Mangalia_Archeology_Museum
Mangalia_Archeology_Museum
  • Turkish Esmahan Sultan Mosque (16th century)
  • Limanu Cave - it is located not far away from the ancient Callatis.Throughout time it was used by smugglers, traders, seamen and as such has acquired a legend like status. The network of galleries of this cave resembles that of a city itself. The overall length of the galleries stands at 4 km. In the local folklore there are tales of this cave being endless and reaching out to fountains all the way to Turkey!
  • Callatis Festival, [1].
  • Hotel Corsa (3*), strada teilor nr 11, 0040 241 757422, [2]. checkout: 12:00. in the off season in springtime you get a very nice 2-p-room with exclusive Sea-View for less than 50€. The breakfeast there was great, a buffet with all-u-can-eat and drink. The hotel is near the city with nice restaurants and besides the old Mosque from th 16th century. 45€ 2p-room.  edit
  • Hotel President (4*) – phone: +40 241 755 861, fax: +40 241 755 695
  • Hotel Mangalia (3*) – phone: +40 241 752 052, fax: +40 241 632 650
  • Hotel Astra (2*) – phone: +40 241 751 673, fax: +40 241 632 650
  • Hotel Orion (2*) – phone: +40 241 751 156, fax: +40 241 632 650
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MANGALIA, a town in the department of Constantza Rumania, situated on the Black Sea, and at the mouth of a small stream, the Mangalia, io m. N. of the Bulgarian frontier. Pop. (1900), 1 459. The inhabitants, among whom are many Turks and Bulgarians, are mostly fisherfolk. Mangalia is to be identified with the Thracian Kallatis or Acervetis, a colony of Miletus which continued to be a flourishing place to the close of the Roman period. In the 14th century it had 30,000 inhabitants, and a large trade with Genoa.


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