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Mangalore, ಕುಡ್ಲ
The Town Hall of Mangalore
Mangalore, ಕುಡ್ಲ
Location of Mangalore, ಕುಡ್ಲ
in Karnataka and India
Coordinates 12°52′N 74°53′E / 12.87°N 74.88°E / 12.87; 74.88
Country  India
Region Tulu Nadu
State Karnataka
District(s) Dakshina Kannada
Mayor M. Shankar Bhat
Population
Density
612374 (2009)
3,586.5 /km2 (9,289 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
132.45 km2 (51 sq mi)
22 m (72 ft)
Website www.mangalorecity.gov.in

Mangalore (pronounced /ˈmæŋɡəlɔr/ ( listen); Tulu: Kudla, ಕುಡ್ಲ; Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, Mangalūru; Konkani: Kodial, ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್; Beary: Maikala, ಮೈಕಾಲ) is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka. Bound by the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghat mountain ranges, Mangalore is the administrative headquarters of the Dakshina Kannada (formerly South Canara) district in southwestern Karnataka.

Mangalore derives its name from the local Hindu deity Mangaladevi. It developed as a port on the Arabian Sea – remaining, to this day, a major port of India. Lying on the backwaters of the Netravati and Gurupura rivers, Mangalore is often used as a staging point for sea traffic along the Malabar Coast. The city has a tropical climate and lies on the path of the Arabian Sea branch of the South-West monsoons. Mangalore's port handles 75% of India's coffee exports and the bulk of the nation's cashew exports.[4]

Mangalore was ruled by several major powers, including the Kadambas, Vijayanagar dynasty, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas, and the Portuguese. The city was a source of contention between the British and the Mysore rulers, Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan. Eventually annexed by the British in 1799, Mangalore remained part of the Madras Presidency until India's independence in 1947. The city was unified with the state of Mysore (now called Karnataka) in 1956.[5]

Mangalore is demographically diverse with several languages, including Tulu, Konkani, Kannada, and Beary commonly spoken, and is the largest city of Tulu Nadu region. The city's landscape is characterized by rolling hills, coconut palms, freshwater streams, and hard red-clay tiled-roof buildings.[6]

Contents

Etymology

The local Hindu deity Mangaladevi, after which the city of Mangalore derives its name

Mangalore was named after the local Hindu deity Mangaladevi, the presiding deity of the Mangaladevi temple.[7] According to local legend, Matsyendranath, the founder of the Nath tradition, arrived in the area with a princess from Kerala named Parimala or Premaladevi. Having converted Premaladevi to the Nath sect, Matsyendranath renamed her Mangaladevi.[8] After her death, the Mangaladevi temple was consecrated in her honour at Bolar in Mangalore.[9] The city got its name from the Mangaladevi temple.[10]

One of the earliest references to the city's name was made in 715 CE by the Pandyan King Chettian, who called the city Mangalapuram.[11] The 11th-century Arabian traveler Ibn Battuta referred to Mangalore as Manjarur in his chronicles.[12] In Kannada, the city is called Mangalūru, a reference to Mangaladevi (the suffix ūru means town or city in Kannada).[9] During the British occupation in 1799, Mangalore (anglicized from Mangalūru), stuck as the official appellation.[13] However, according to Mangalorean Historian George M. Moraes, the word "Mangalore" is the Portuguese corruption of Mangalūru.[14]

Mangalore's diverse communities have different names for the city in their languages. In Tulu, the primary spoken language, the city is called Kudla meaning junction, since the city is situated at the confluence of the Netravati and Phalguni rivers. In Konkani, Mangalore is referred to as Kodial. The Beary name for the city is Maikala, meaning wood charcoal, an attribution to the early practice of producing charcoal from wood on the banks of the Netravati river.[9] On the occasion of Suvarna Karnataka (Golden Karnataka) in 2006, the Government of Karnataka stated that the city would be renamed Mangalooru, though this change in name is not implemented.[15]

History

The Sultan Battery in Mangalore, built in 1784 by Tippu Sultan to prevent English warships from entering the Gurupura river.[16][17]

The area that is now Mangalore has been mentioned in many ancient works of Hindu history. In the epic Ramayana, Lord Rama ruled over the region, while in the epic Mahabharata, Sahadeva, the youngest of the Pandavas, governed the area.[9] Arjuna, the hero of Mahabharata, also visited the area when he travelled from Gokarna to Adur, a village near Kasargod.[18] Mangalore's historical importance is highlighted by the many references to the city by foreign travelers. Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Greek monk, referred to the port of Mangalore as Mangarouth.[19] Pliny the Elder, a Roman historian, made references to a place called Nitrias,[20] while Greek historian Ptolemy referred to a place called Nitra.[21] Ptolemy's and Pliny the Elder's references were probably made to the Netravati River, which flows through Mangalore. Ptolemy also referred to the city as Maganoor in some of his works.[22]

In the third century BCE, the town formed part of the Maurya Empire, ruled by the Buddhist emperor, Ashoka of Magadha. The region was known as Sathia (Shantika) during the Mauryan regime. From second century CE to sixth century CE, the Kadamba dynasty ruled over the region. From 567 to 1325, the town was ruled by the native Alupa rulers.[23] The Alupas ruled over the region as feudatories of major regional dynasties like the Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas of Kalyani, and Hoysalas.[24] Mangalapura (Mangalore) was the capital of the Alupa dynasty until the 14th century.[25] The city, then an important trading zone for Persian merchants, was visited by Adenese merchant Abraham Ben Yiju.[26] The Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta, who had visited the town in 1342, referred to it as Manjarun, and stated that the town was situated on a large estuary.[27] By 1345, the Vijayanagara rulers brought the region under their control.[24] Later, the Jain Kings and the Muslim Bangara Kings ruled the town as feudatories of the Vijayanagar Empire, and brought the town firmly under an efficient and centralised administration.[23] In 1448, Abdul Razak, the Persian ambassador of Sultan Shah Rukh of Samarkand, visited Mangalore, and was amazed at a glorious temple he saw in the city, en route to Vijayanagara.[28]

European influence in Mangalore can be traced back to 1498, when the Portuguese explorer Vasco Da Gama landed at St Mary's Island near Mangalore.[29] In 1526, the Portuguese under the viceroyship of Lopo Vaz de Sampaio succeeded in defeating the Bangara King and his allies and conquered Mangalore.[30][31][32] The trade passed out of Muslim hands into Portuguese hands.[23] In the mid-16th century, Goud Saraswat Brahmins and Roman Catholics from Goa migrated to Mangalore as a result of Goa Inquisition.[33][34] In 1640, the Keladi Nayaka kingdom defeated the Portuguese and ruled the town until 1762. The Portuguese were allowed to have trade relations with Mangalore.[23] In 1695, the town was torched by Arabs in retaliation to Portuguese restrictions on Arab trade.[35]

The Light House Hill tower in Mangalore, which served as a watchtower for the British Navy.[36]

Hyder Ali, the de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore, conquered Mangalore in 1763,[37] consequently bringing the city under his administration until 1767. Mangalore was ruled by the British East India Company from 1767 to 1783,[38] but was subsequently wrested from their control by Hyder Ali's son, Tippu Sultan in 1783.[39] The Second Anglo–Mysore War ended with the Treaty of Mangalore, signed between Tippu Sultan and the British East India Company on March 11, 1784.[40] After the defeat of Tippu at the Fourth Anglo–Mysore War, the city remained in control of the British, headquartering the Canara district under the Madras Presidency.[13][41][42]

The city was largely peaceful during British rule, with urban and infrastructural developments being affected during the period. Mangalore flourished in education and in industry, becoming a commercial centre for trade.[23] The opening of the Lutheran German Basel Mission in 1834 brought many cotton weaving and tile manufacturers to the city.[43] When Canara (part of the Madras Presidency until this time) was bifurcated into North Canara and South Canara in 1860, Mangalore was transferred into South Canara and became its headquarters.[13] South Canara remained under Madras Presidency, while North Canara was transferred to Bombay Presidency in 1861.[44] The enactment of the Madras Town Improvement Act (1865) mandated the establishment of the Municipal council on May 23, 1866, which was responsible for urban planning and providing civic amenities.[18] Roman Catholic missions to Mangalore like the Italian Jesuit "Mangalore Mission" of 1878 played an important role in education, health, and social welfare.[45] The linking of Mangalore in 1907 to the Southern Railway, and the subsequent proliferation of motor vehicles in India, further increased trade and communication between the city and the rest of the country.[46]

As a result of the States Reorganisation Act (1956), Mangalore (part of the Madras Presidency until this time) was incorporated into the dominion of the newly created Mysore State (now called Karnataka).[5] Mangalore is a major city of Karnataka, providing the state with access to the Arabian Sea coastline. Mangalore experienced significant growth in the decades 1970–80, with the opening of New Mangalore Port on May 4, 1974 and commissioning of Mangalore Chemicals & Fertilizers Limited on March 15, 1976.[47][48] The late 20th century saw Mangalore develop as a business, commercial and information technology (IT) centre, although the traditional red tile-roofed houses are still retained in the city.

Geography and climate

Mangalore
Climate chart (explanation)
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average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: Weatherbase[49]

Mangalore is located at 12°52′N 74°53′E / 12.87°N 74.88°E / 12.87; 74.88 in the Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka.[50] It has an average elevation of 22 metres (72 ft) above mean sea level.[51] It is the administrative headquarters of the Dakshina Kannada district, the largest urban coastal center of Karnataka, and the fourth largest city in the state.[11] Mangalore is situated on the west coast of India, and is bounded by Arabian Sea to its west and the Western Ghats to its east. Mangalore city, as a municipal entity, spans an area of 132.45 km2 (51.14 sq mi).[11] Mangalore experiences moderate to gusty winds during day time and gentle winds at night.[52] The topography of the city ranges from plain to undulating, with several hills, valleys and flat areas within the city. The geology of the city is characterized by hard laterite in hilly tracts and sandy soil along the seashore.[53] The Geological Survey of India has identified Mangalore as a moderately earthquake-prone urban centre and categorized the city in the Seismic III Zone.[54][55]

Mangalore lies on the backwaters of the Netravati and Gurupura rivers.[56] These rivers effectively encircle the city, with the Netravti flowing at the south of the city, and the Gurupura flowing at the north of the city. The rivers form an estuary at the southern region of the city and subsequently flow into the Arabian sea.[57] The city is often used as a staging point for traffic along the Malabar Coast. The coastline of the city is dotted with several beaches, such as Mukka, Panambur, Tannirbavi, Suratkal, and Someshwara. Coconut trees, palm trees, and Ashoka trees comprise the primary vegetation of the city.

Sunset at Panambur beach in Mangalore
Sunset at Ullal Brdige in Mangalore

Mangalore has a tropical climate; summer and winter months experience similar temperate conditions, with average temperatures ranging from 27 °C (81 °F) to 34 °C (93 °F). Humidity is approximately 78% on average,[49] and peaks during May, June and July.[58] The maximum average humidity is 93% in July and average minimum humidity is 56% in January.[58] Under the Köppen climate classification, Mangalore has a Tropical monsoon climate and is under the direct influence of the Arabian Sea branch of the South-West monsoon. It receives about 90% of its total annual rainfall within a period of about six months from May to October, while remaining extremely dry from December to March.[59] The annual precipitation in Mangalore is 4,242.5 millimetres (167 in).[60]

The most pleasant months in Mangalore are from December to February, during which time the humidity and heat are at their lowest.[49] During this period, temperatures during the day stay below 30 °C (86 °F) and drop to about 19 °C (66 °F) at night. This season is soon followed by a hot summer, from March to May, when temperatures rise as high as 38 °C (100 °F). The summer gives way to the monsoon season, when the city experiences more precipitation than most urban centres in India, due to the Western Ghats.[61] Rainfall up to 4,000 millimetres (157 in) could be recorded during the period from June to September. The rains subside in September, with the occasional rainfall in October.[62]

A 2007 panoramic view of Mangalore from Kadri


Economy

The Infosys campus in Mangalore

Mangalore's economy is dominated by the agricultural processing and port-related activities.[63] The New Mangalore Port is India's ninth largest port, in terms of cargo handling. It handles 75% of India’s coffee exports and the bulk of its cashew nuts.[4] During 2000–01, Mangalore generated a revenue of Rs. 33.47 crore (US$ 7.33 million) to the state.[64] The city's major enterprises include Mangalore Chemicals and Fertilizers Ltd. (MCF), Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Ltd. (KIOCL), Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd. (MRPL), BASF, and ELF Gas.

The leaf spring industry has an important presence in Mangalore, with Canara Workshops Ltd. and Lamina Suspension Products Ltd. in the city.[63] The Baikampady and Yeyyadi Industrial areas harbour several small-scale industries. Imports through Mangalore harbour include crude oil, edible oil, LPG, and timber.[65] The city along with Tuticorin is also one of two points for import of wood to South India.[66]

Major information technology (IT) and outsourcing companies like Infosys, Wipro, and MphasiS BPO have established a presence in Mangalore.[4] Plans to create three dedicated I.T. parks are underway, with two parks (Export Promotion Industrial park (EPIP) at Ganjimutt and Special Economic Zone (SEZ) near Mangalore University) currently under construction.[67] A third IT SEZ is being proposed at Ganjimutt.[68] Another IT SEZ, sponsored by the BA group, is under construction at Thumbe and spans 2 million square feet (180,000 m²).[69]

The Mangalore Chemicals & Fertilizers Limited was a major industry in Mangalore that was commissioned in 1976.

The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) plans to invest over Rs 35,000 crore (US$ 7.67 billion) in a new 15 million tonne refinery, petrochemical plant and power, as well as LNG plants at the Mangalore Special Economic Zone. Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd, a special purpose vehicle under the Oil Industry Development Board, is developing strategic crude oil reserves in Mangalore and two other places in India.[70][71] Out of the proposed 5 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA) storage, 1.5 MMTPA would be at Mangalore.[72] According to an International edition of India Today (November 28 – December 4, 2006), Mangalore is the fastest growing non-metro in South India.[73]

Corporation Bank,[74] Canara Bank,[75] and Vijaya Bank[76] were the three nationalised banks established in Mangalore during the first half of the 20th century. Karnataka Bank, founded in Mangalore, was one of the largest banks to have not been taken over by the Government.[77] The Mangalore Catholic Co-operative Bank (MCC Bank) Ltd.[78] and SCDCC Bank[79] were the scheduled banks established in Mangalore.

The boat building and fishing industry have been core businesses in Mangalore for generations. The Old Mangalore Port is a fishing port located at Bunder in Mangalore, where a large number of mechanised boats anchor.[80] The traffic at this port was 122,000 tonnes during the years 2003–04.[81] The fishing industry employs thousands of people, their products being exported to around the region. Mangalorean firms have a major presence in the tile, beedi, coffee, and cashew nut industry, although the tile industry has declined due to concrete being preferred in modern construction.[4][63] The Albuquerque tile factory in Mangalore was India's first red roof tile manufacturing factory.[82][83] Cotton industries also flourish in Mangalore. The Ullal suburb of Mangalore produces hosiery and coir yarns, while beedi rolling is an important source of revenue to many in the city.[63]

Demographics

The St Aloysius Chapel in Mangalore

Mangalore has a population of 398,745 per the 2001 census of India.[84] The urban area has a population of 538,560,[85] while the metropolitan area has a population of 419,306 (2001).[11] According to World Gazetteer, Mangalore's estimated population in 2008 was 431,976, making it the 101st most populous city in India.[86] As of the same extrapolations, the World Gazetteer estimated the population of the Mangalore urban area to be 603,269, making it the 61st most populated urban area in India.[87] The number of males was 200,234, constituting 50% of the population, while the number of females were 198,511. The decadal growth rate was 45.90.[84] Male literacy was 86%, while female literacy was 79%. About 6% population was under six years of age. Mangalore's literacy rate is 83% – significantly higher than the national average of 59.5%.[85] Birth rate was 13.72%, while death rate and infant mortality rate were at 3.71% and 1.24% respectively.[88] The Mangalore urban area had 32 recognised slums, and nearly 22,000 migrant labourers lived in slums within the city limits.[89][90] According to the Crime Review Report (2006) by the Dakshina Kannada Police, Mangalore registered a drop in the crime rate in 2005, compared with 2003.[91]

The four main languages in Mangalore are Tulu, Konkani, Kannada, and Beary with Tulu language being the mother tongue of the majority.[13] Malayalam, Hindi, Urdu and English are also spoken in the city. A resident of Mangalore is known as a Mangalorean in English, Kudladaru in Tulu, Kodialghar in Catholic Konkani, Kodialchi or Manglurchi in Goud Saraswat Brahmin Konkani, Manglurnavaru in Kannada, and Maikaaltanga in Beary. Hinduism is followed by a large number of the population, with Mogaveeras, Billavas, Ganigas and Bunts forming the largest groups. Kota Brahmins, Shivalli Brahmins, Sthanika Brahmins, Havyaka Brahmins, Goud Saraswat Brahmins (GSBs), Daivajna brahmins, and Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins also form considerable sections of the Hindu population. Christians form a sizable section of Mangalorean society, with Konkani-speaking Catholics, popularly known as Mangalorean Catholics, accounting for the largest Christian community. Protestants in Mangalore known as Mangalorean Protestants typically speak Tulu or Kannada.[92] Most Muslims in Mangalore are Bearys, who speak a dialect called Beary bashe. There is also a sizeable group of landowners following Jainism.

Culture

See also: Tulu Nadu (Culture)
The Jyothi Talkies is one of the older movie theaters in Mangalore

Many classical dance forms and folk art are practised in the city. The Yakshagana, a night-long dance and drama performance, is held in Mangalore,[93] while Hulivesha (literally, tiger dance), a folk dance unique to the city, is performed during Dasara and Krishna Janmashtami.[94] Karadi Vesha (bear dance) is another well known dance performed during Dasara.[95] Paddanas (Ballad-like epics passed on through generations by word of mouth) are sung by a community of impersonators in Tulu and are usually accompanied by the rhythmic drum beats.[95] The Bearys' unique traditions are reflected in such folk songs as kolkai (sung during kolata, a valour folk-dance during which sticks used as props), unjal pat (traditional lullaby), moilanji pat, and oppune pat (sung at weddings).[96] The Eucharistic procession is an annual Catholic religious procession led on the first Sunday of each New Year.[95] The Srimanthi Bai Museum, in Bejai, is the only museum of Mangalore.[97]

Most of the popular Indian festivals are celebrated in the city, the most important being Dasara, Diwali, Christmas, Easter, Eid, and Ganesh Chaturthi. Kodial Theru, also known as Mangaluru Rathotsava (Mangalore Car Festival) is a festival unique to the Goud Saraswat Brahmin community, and is celebrated at the Sri Venkatramana Temple.[98][99] The Catholic community's unique festivals include Monti Fest (Mother Mary's feast), which celebrates the Nativity feast and the blessing of new harvests.[100] The Jain Milan, a committee comprising Jain families of Mangalore, organises the Jain food festival annually,[101] while festivals such as Mosaru Kudike, which is part of Krishna Janmashtami festival, is celebrated by the whole community.[102] Aati, a festival worshiping Kalanja, a patron spirit of the city, occurs during the Aashaadha month of Hindu calendar. Festivals such as Karavali Utsav and Kudlostava are highlighted by national and state-level performances in dance, drama and music.[103] Bhuta Kola (spirit worship), is usually performed by the Tuluva community at night. Nagaradhane (snake worship) is performed in the city in praise of Naga Devatha (the serpent king), who is said to be the protector of all snakes.[104]

Neer dosa, a variant of dosa,and Pundi (Rice Ball), are native to Mangalore

Mangalorean cuisine is largely influenced by the South Indian cuisine, with several cuisines being unique to the diverse communities of the city. Coconut and curry leaves are common ingredients to most Mangalorean Curry, as are ginger, garlic and chili. Mangalorean Fish Curry is popular dish in Kanara. The Tulu community's well-known dishes include Kori Rotti (dry rice flakes dipped in gravy), Bangude Pulimunchi (silver-grey mackerels), Beeja-Manoli Upkari, Neer dosa (lacy rice-crêpes), Boothai Gasi, Kadubu, and Patrode. The Konkani community's specialities include Daali thoy, beebe-upkari (cashew based), val val, avnas ambe sasam, Kadgi chakko, paagila podi, and chana gashi. Vegetarian cuisine in Mangalore, also known as Udupi cuisine, is known and liked throughout the state and region. Since Mangalore is a coastal town, fish forms the staple diet of most people.[105] Mangalorean Catholics' Sanna-Dukra Maas (Sanna – idli fluffed with toddy or yeast; Dukra Maas – Pork), Pork Bafat, Sorpotel and the Mutton Biryani of the Muslims are well-known dishes. Pickles such as happala, sandige and puli munchi are unique to Mangalore. Shendi (toddy), a country liquor prepared from coconut flower sap, is popular.[95]

Civic administration

Mangalore City officials
Mayor
M. Shankar Bhat[106]
Deputy Mayor
   Ragini Duganna[106]    
Superintendent of Police
A.S. Rao[107]

The Mangalore City Corporation (MCC) is the municipal corporation in charge of the civic and infrastructural assets of the city. Municipal limits begin with Mukka in the north, to Netravati river bridge in the south and western sea shore to Vamanjoor in the east. The MCC council comprises 60 elected representatives, called corporators, one from each of the 60 wards (localities) of the city. Elections to the council are held once every five years, with results being decided by popular vote. A corporator from the majority party is selected as a Mayor.[108] The headquarters of Mangalore City Corporation is at Lalbagh. Its sub-offices are at Surathkal and Bikarnakatta. As of 2001, the Mangalore municipality covered an area of 73.71 km2 (28.46 sq mi).[64]

Mangalore City Corporation headquarters at Lalbagh in Mangalore

Until the revision of Lok Sabha and the legislative constituencies by the Delimitation commission, Mangalore contributed two members to the Lok Sabha, one for the southern part of the city which fell under the Mangalore Lok Sabha Constituency, and another for the northern part of the city which fell under the Udupi Lok Sabha Constituency. Additionally, Mangalore sent three members to the Karnataka State Legislative Assembly. With the revision, the entire Mangalore Taluk now falls under the Dakshina Kannada Lok Sabha constituency, resulting in Mangalore contributing only one Member of Parliament (MP).[109][110]

The Dakshina Kannada Police is responsible for the law and order maintenance in Mangalore. The department is headed by a Superintendent of Police (SP). Mangalore is also the headquarters of the Western Range Police, covering the western districts of Karnataka, which is headed by an Inspector General of Police (IGP).[111]

Education

National Institute of Technology (Karnataka) in Surathkal is one of the premier institutes of India is located in Mangalore.

The pre-collegiate medium of instruction in schools is predominantly English and Kannada, and medium of instruction in educational institutions after matriculation in colleges is English. Additionally, other media of instruction exist in Mangalore. Recently, a committee of experts constituted by the Tulu Sahitya Academy recommended the inclusion of Tulu (in Kannada script) as a medium of instruction in education.[112]

Schools and colleges in Mangalore are either government-run or run by private trusts and individuals. The schools are affiliated with either the Karnataka State Board, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) and the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) boards. After completing 10 years of schooling in secondary education, students enroll in Higher Secondary School, specializing in one of the three streams – Arts, Commerce or Science. Since the 1980s, there have been a large number of professional institutions established in a variety of fields including engineering, medicine, dentistry, business management and hotel management. The earliest schools established in Mangalore were the Basel Evangelical School (1838) and Milagres School (1848). The Kasturba Medical College established in 1953, was India's first private medical college.[113] Popular educational institutions in the city are National Institute of Technology (Karnataka), KS Hegde Medical Academy, A. J. Institute Of Medical Science, Father Muller Medical College, St. Aloysius College, Canara College, Canara Engineering College, S.D.M. College and St. Joseph Engineering College. The Bibliophile's Paradise, a hi-tech public library run by the Corporation Bank, is located at Mannagudda in Mangalore.[114] Mangalore University was established on September 10, 1980. It caters to the higher educational needs of Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Kodagu districts[115] and is a National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) accredited four-star level institution.[116]

Sports

Pilikula Nisargadhama golf course

Several sports are unique to Mangalore. Kambala (buffalo race), contested in water filled paddy fields,[117] and Korikatta (cockfight) are popular. Cricket is the most popular sport in the city. Dakshina Kannada's only full-fledged cricket stadium, the Mangala Stadium, is in Mangalore.[118] The Sports Authority of India (SAI) has also set up a sports training centre at the stadium.[119] The Central Maidan in Mangalore is another important venue hosting domestic tournaments and many inter-school and collegiate tournaments.[120] The Mangalore Sports Club (MSC) is a popular organization in the city and has been elected as the institutional member for the Mangalore Zone of the Karnataka State Cricket Association (KSCA).[121][122] Football is also quite popular in the city and is usually played in the maidans (grounds), with the Nehru Maidan being the most popular venue for domestic tournaments. Chess is also a popular indoor sport in the city. Mangalore is headquarters to the South Kanara District Chess Association (SKDCA), which has hosted two All India Open Chess tournaments.[123][124][125]

Other sports such as tennis, squash, billiards, badminton, table tennis and golf are played in the numerous clubs and gymkhanas. Pilikula Nisargadhama, an integrated theme park, has a fully functional nine-hole golf course at Vamanjoor in Mangalore.[126][127] Budhi Kunderan, a former Indian wicket keeper was from Mangalore.[128] Ravi Shastri, who represented India for several years in international cricket as an all-rounder and captained the team, is of Mangalorean origin.[129]

Media

All India Radio's FM tower at Kadri

Major national English language newspapers such as Times of India, The Hindu, The New Indian Express and Deccan Herald publish localized Mangalore editions. The Madipu, Mogaveera, Samparka and Saphala are well-known Tulu periodicals in Mangalore.[130] Popular Konkani language periodicals published in the city are Rakno, Konknni Dirvem and Kannik. Beary periodicals like Jyothi and Swatantra Bharata are also published from Mangalore. Among Kannada newspapers, Udayavani, Vijaya Karnataka, Prajavani, Kannada Prabha and Varthabharathi are popular. Evening newspapers such as Karavali Ale, Mangalooru Mitra, Sanjevani, and Jayakirana are also published in the city. The first Kannada language newspaper Mangalore Samachara was published from Mangalore in 1843.[131]

The state run, nationally broadcast Doordarshan provides both national and localised television coverage. Cable television also provides broadcast cable channels of independently owned private networks. Canara Tv transmits daily video news channels from Mangalore.[132] Mangalore is not covered by the Conditional access system (CAS); however, a proposal to provide CAS to television viewers in Mangalore sometime in the future has been initiated by V4 Media, the local cable service provider.[133] Direct-to-Home (DTH) services, although nascent, are available in Mangalore via Dish TV, Sun Direct and Tata Sky.[134] All India Radio (AIR) has a studio at Kadri that airs program during scheduled hours. Mangalore's private FM stations include Radio Mirchi 98.3 FM, Big 92.7 FM,[135] Superhitz 93.5 FM and 94.3 Century FM.[136]

Mangalore is home to the Tulu Film Industry, which has a catalogue of 31 films, and releases one film annually, on average. Popular Tulu films are Kadala Mage and Suddha. Tulu dramas, mostly played in the Town Hall at Hampankatta, are very popular.[113] In 2006, a Tulu film festival was organized in Mangalore.[137]

Transport

National Highway 17 passing through Nantoor Cross in the city

Mangalore's location makes it accessible via all forms of transport. Transport systems in Mangalore include private buses, KSRTC buses, trains, taxis and autorickshaws.

Three National Highways pass through Mangalore. NH-17, which runs from Panvel (in Maharashtra) to Edapally Junction (near Cochin in Kerala), passes through Mangalore in a north–south direction, while NH-48 runs eastward to Bangalore. NH-13 runs north-east from Mangalore to Solapur.[138] National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is upgrading the national highways connecting New Mangalore Port to Surathkal on NH-17 and BC Road junction on NH-48. Under the port connectivity programme of the National Highways Development Project (NHDP), a 37.5-kilometre (23.3 mi) stretch of these highways will be upgraded from two-lane to four-lane roads.[139]

Mangalore's city bus service is operated by private operators and provides access within city limits and beyond. Two distinct sets of routes for the buses exist – city routes are covered by city buses, while intercity routes are covered by service and express buses. Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) operates long distance bus services from Mangalore to other parts of the state.[140] The other key players who run bus services from Mangalore are the Dakshina Kannada Bus Operators Association (DKBOA) and the Canara Bus Operators Association (CBOA).[141] These buses usually ply from the Mangalore Bus Station. White coloured taxis also traverse most of the city. Another mode for local transport is the autorickshaw.

The Netravati railway bridge serves as the gateway to Mangalore.

Rail connectivity in Mangalore was established in 1907. Mangalore was also the starting point of India’s longest rail route.[46] The city has two railway stations – Mangalore Central (at Hampankatta) and Mangalore Junction (at Kankanadi).[142] A metre gauge railway track, built through the Western Ghats, connects Mangalore with Hassan. The broad gauge track connecting Mangalore to Bangalore via Hassan was opened to freight traffic in May 2006 [143] and passenger traffic in December 2007.[144] Mangalore is also connected to Chennai through the Southern Railway and to Mumbai via the Konkan Railway.[145]

The Mangalore Harbour has shipping, storage, and logistical services, while the New Mangalore Port handles dry, bulk, and fluid cargoes. The New Mangalore Port is also well equipped to handle petroleum oil lubricants, crude products and LPG containers. It is also the station for the coast guard. This artificial harbour is India's ninth largest port, in terms of cargo handling, and is the only major port in Karnataka.[53][146]

Mangalore International Airport (IATA: IXE) is near Bajpe, and is located about 21 kilometres (13 mi) north-east of the city centre. It is the second airport in Karnataka to operate flights to international destinations.[147]

Utility services

The Kadri Park in Mangalore

Electricity in Mangalore is regulated by the Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation Limited (KPTCL) and distributed through Mangalore Electricity Supply Company (MESCOM).[148][149][150] Mangalore experiences scheduled and unscheduled power cuts, especially during the summer, due to excess consumption demands.[151] Major industries like Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals (MRPL) and Mangalore Chemicals & Fertilizers (MCF) operate their own captive power plants.[152][153]

Potable water to the city is supplied by MCC.[154] Almost all water is from the vented dam constructed across the Netravati River at Thumbe, 14 kilometres (9 mi) from Mangalore.[155][156] The Karnataka Urban Development and Coastal Environment Management Project (KUDCEMP) aim to improve safe water supply systems and reduce leakage and losses in the distribution system in Mangalore.[154] The official garbage dumping ground of Mangalore is in Vamanjoor.[157] The city generates an average of 175 tons per day of waste, which is handled by the health department of the Mangalore City Corporation.[158] The city has developed and maintains public parks such as Pilikula Nisargadhama,[159] Kadri Park at Kadri, Tagore Park at Light House Hill, Gandhi Park at Gandhinagar.[160] and Corporation Bank Park at Nehru Maidan.

Fixed Line telecom services are offered along side GSM and Code division multiple access (CDMA) mobile services. Mangalore is the headquarters of the Dakshina Kannada Telecom District, the second largest telecom district in Karnataka.[161] The telephone density in the city is 8.74 per 100 population.[162] Prominent broadband internet service providers in the city include Tata, Airtel and DataOne by BSNL.[163]

Sister cities

Notes

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References

Further reading

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Mangalore is a port city and the headquarters of Dakshina Kannada district in the coastal region of Karnataka State in India.

Understand

Mangalore is the gateway to Karnataka. It is one of the five talukas (other than Bantwal, Puttur, Sullia, Belthangady taluks) of the Dakshina Kannada District. This District formerly had 8 talukas, but these were split in August 1997 and the remaining talukas, namely Udupi, Kundapur and Karkala then formed a part of the Udupi district,but there is no division found in the living of two cities.

Mangalore is named after the Goddess Mangaladevi. Other names used by the locals are 'Mangalooru' (Kannada), 'Kudla' (Tulu), 'Kodial' (Konkani), 'Mikala' (Beary) and 'Manjarun'(sanskrith).

Traditionally, it was an important trading port with ties with the Persian Gulf states dating back to the 14th century. With its strategic location, it was occupied by a number of dynasties and colonial rulers - namely the Portuguese in the mid-16th century. In the 18th century its control was contested by Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan on one hand and the British on the other. Under the Mysore sultans (1763) it became a strategic ship building base, which was ceded to the British in 1799 after numerous sieges.

Mangalore is one of the fastest developing cities in India. Many multi-national corporations and domestic corporations are opening their branches in Mangalore. Many reputed builders are bringing huge development projects. There is very good growth in the retail sector and many new shopping malls are being built. Infosys Technologies has 2 Development Centers in Mangalore with over 3000 employees. EDS has their India Training Center based near Mangalore Club. Corporation Bank and Karnataka Bank have their headquarters inside the city and Syndicate Bank HQ is in Manipal. Other industries are MRPL, MCF, KIOCL, Ultratech Cement Plant are some of the other industries in the city.

Mangalore is also known as the 'Cradle of Education' in Karnataka with 15 Engineering(Nitk,surathkal being the rank 1 engineering college and MIT(manipal) being second), 5 Medical, 14 Dental, 12 MBA, 11 Physiotherapy, 8 Hotel Management and 58 Graduation colleges in and around the city.

Mangalore is a blend of the new and the old! With the increasing influx of students from various states of India and different parts of the world, Mangalore has virtually become a 'melting pot' of cultures, given the various communities that make up the social framework of Mangalore - the Tuluvas (Bunts, Billawas, Brahmins,Jains,Devadigas, Mogaveeras,Chitpavan's), the Brahmins, the Konkani Catholics, the Bearys, the Goud-Saraswath Brahmins (Konkanas),Devang's(m'lore kannada and tulu) etc.

Talk

The number of languages spoken around here reflects the cultural diversity of Mangalore - Tulu (the most popular and most widely spoken language here, with a slight variation spoken by the Brahmin community), Kannada (the official state language), Konkani (two different versions exist - the one spoken by the Konkani Catholics and another spoken by the Konkanas or the Goud-Saraswaths). English and Hindi are also widely spoken, so communication shouldn't be much of a problem.

Get in

By plane

Mangalore International Airport (IATA: IXE) (ICAO: VOML), at Bajpe, about 20 km from the city centre. Currently there are daily flights to Mumbai, Bangalore, Goa, Kochi and Calicut in the domestic segment and weekly/bi-weekly flights to Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Muscat (Oman), Doha (Qatar), Kuwait and Bahrain in the international segment.

Air India, Jet Airways, Kingfisher Airlines, and Air India Express currently operate flights to Mangalore.

By train

Mangalore has two big railway stations.

  • Mangalore Central (IR station code : MAQ) is located at Hampankatta, in the heart of the city. It is a terminus and is used only by the trains which terminate at Mangalore.
  • Mangalore Junction (IR station code : MAJN) is situated in Kankanady, about 5 km from the city centre. Most long-distance trains and all trains not terminating at Mangalore stop at this station.

Here is a list of useful trains to reach Mangalore:

Train Number Train Name You may board at You may alight at
2432 Rajdhani Express Nizamuddin (Delhi), Panvel (Mumbai) Mangalore Junction
2619 Matsyagandha Express Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (Mumbai), Panvel (Mumbai) Mangalore Central
2201 Garib Rath Express Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (Mumbai), Panvel (Mumbai) Mangalore Junction
6517 Yesvantpur-Mangalore Express Yesvantpur (Bangalore), Bangalore City Mangalore Junction, Mangalore Central
2601 Chennai-Mangalore Mail Chennai Central Mangalore Central
6604 Maveli Express Thiruvananthapuram Central Mangalore Central

Also see Rail travel in India

By bus

There are two bus-stands in Mangalore for long-distance bus services.

  • One is the state-run KSRTC bus-stand in Bejai, located towards the North of the city, but not far off from the city centre. The bus-services are run by the [www.ksrtc.in Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation]. They operate scheduled bus services to Mumbai, Bangalore, Mysore, Goa, Hubli-Dharwad and many other areas within and outside Karnataka. Services run by the Kerala State Transport and Tamil Nadu State Transport and Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation also call in Mangalore at this very bus-stand.
  • The other one is behind the Town Hall. It is known as the 'State Bank' stand by the locals, because of its proximity to a branch of the State Bank of India. It is the last stop for most of the private bus services to Mangalore (mostly Inter-District viz. Mangalore-Udupi and Inter-taluk buses).
  • There is a third bus-stand (not exactly a bus-stand but an alighting point for passengers) in front of Milagres Church - where most private tour and bus operators - Ideal Travels, Canara, Canara-Pinto, Vishal Travels, Anand Travels, VRL etc. have their offices. They operate buses of semi-deluxe, sleeper and Volvo types to various destinations viz. Mumbai, Bangalore, Goa, Thrissur, Hubli-Dharwad etc.
  • Various other pick-up points and drop points are there in Mangalore city according to your convenience!

There are numerous bus services from Mangalore to all the nearby towns in Karnataka and Kerala. The long-distance bus services to major cities like Bangalore, Mumbai, Hubli-Dharwad and Goa run along the National Highways radiating to the North (towards Goa and Mumbai) - NH-17, South (towards Kerala) and the East (towards Bangalore) - NH-48.

By car

Mangalore is well connected to Goa, Mumbai, and Kerala via NH-17, to the state capital Bangalore via NH-48, and to Hyderabad via NH-13. Highways are only two-laned and very narrow, but make for extremely scenic drives as they all pass either through the Western Ghats or along the coastline. There is a lot of heavy traffic load on the highways owing to the increasing number of buses plying on these routes, as well as a lot of goods-transport trucks owing to the location of many plants and factories as well as New Mangalore Port on NH-17. So exercise caution while driving during periods of heavy traffic.

NH-48 from Sakleshpur to Mangalore, which had been completely unmotorable thanks to government apathy, is now repaired and somewhat motorable. Work is going on to convert NH-48 into a four-lane highway. Until they do this, one needs to go to Mangalore from Bangalore either through the potentially dangerous Charmadi Ghat road, or via the equally pathetic Mysore-Madikeri-Suliya route.

Get around

By bus

There are numerous private bus companies which run bus services within the city of Mangalore and its suburbs. They have names like Padmambika Bus Co. Ltd. emblazoned in large letters in English on the front windscreen of the bus and on its sides. These buses also connect to all the minor urban centres surrounding Mangalore. Most of them originate from the Central Bus Stand at Mangalore behind the Town Hall - the 'State Bank' bus-stand.

Even though the buses are operated by different private companies, the bus numbering scheme is unified and quite useful. The destinations and routes are, however, all written in Kannada. The best way to use these buses is to ask around - the people are most helpful. If you are armed with a city map, one can get the hang of things within a day or so. The minimum bus fare is Rs. 4.00 If you are a student then you can avail concession on bus fares,that is, you just have ot pay half the bus fare. In addition city bus service, there is limited stop (usually called express) bus service (the majority of these are run by various private bus companies) for inter-town/city travelling to neighbouring places. You may find these useful to visit places like Udupi, Manipal, Kaup, Karkala etc. Bus fare ranges between Rs. 14 to Rs. 35 for a distance up to 65 km.

By cab

White Ambassador Cabs / Indicas are available - usually used by passengers on long-haul routes. Shared cabs are also available for travel between the city and other talukas viz. Bantwal (BC Road), etc. Prepaid cabs are available from the airport to the city - this is generally at a flat rate of Rs. 350-400.

Car-Rent facilities are also available in Mangalore.

By Autorickshaws

They are available all throughout Mangalore City - starting fare is Rs.13. Pre-paid autos were available from the City Railway Station and the KSRTC bus stand at Bejai, but not any more. Autos also ply to far-off destinations, the outskirts, for one-and-a-half times the actual fare; this is roughly around Rs.150, depending on the amount of money you have to spare, although one would prefer using buses to reach these areas as a cheaper mode of transport. Call 9845548140 for maxicabs for sightseeing.

See

Temples

Mangaladevi Temple, Carstreet Venkataramana Temple, Kudroli Gokarnanatha, Kadri Manjunatheswara, Urwa Marigudi, Sharavu Ganapathi Temple, Kateel Durgaparameshwari

Churches

St. Aloysious, Milagris

Beaches

Mangalore has many clean and beautiful beaches:

A panoramic view of Someshwar Beach
A panoramic view of Someshwar Beach
Sunset at Tannirbhavi Beach
Sunset at Tannirbhavi Beach
  • Someshwar Beach is located in Ullal, 11 km to the south of the city, near the confluence of the Netravati River and the Arabian Sea. The beachface is extremely rocky and considered dangerous for swinmming. However, it is a great place to relax and watch the spectacular sunsets. Ullal is accessible by bus, train and autorickshaw from the city centre.
  • Tannirbhavi Beach is located in Panambur, 10 km to the north of the city, near the New Mangalore Port and along the confluence of the Gurupur river and the Arabian Sea. This is comparatively more deserted and is a great spot for safe and secluded swimming. Panambur is well connected by bus and can also be reached by autorickshaw from the city centre.
  • Suratkal Beach is about 15 kms to the north of the city.It has a beautiful lighthouse and few rocks.
  • Kaup Beach is about 45 kms to the north.It can be reached by a the local express buses in 45 minutes. The beach has a lighthouse which is open to visitors.
  • Malpe Beach is about 60 kms to the north.It can be reached by a the local express buses.This beach has a resort.Also there is a small island of the beach -about 15 minutes boat ride.Local ferry runs every 30 minutes or so.The last ferry back from the island is at 5 PM.

Do

1. There are a lot of temples and churches to visit, or if that doesn't interest you, relaxing at the beach is a good idea. 2. For the adventurous, the western ghats near Mangalore provide an ideal location to get lost in the dense jungles. 3. Pilikula nisarga dhama is about 12 km from city and is a tourist spot with "manasa" water theme park, animal park, boating, science centre, arboretum,golf course etc., all in one place.

Buy

There is no dearth of malls and shopping complexes in Mangalore. Apart from Hampankatta , Balmatta, Kankanady and posh Falnir, most of the new malls are coming up on MG Road which is a dual carriageway. The "Empire Mall" has the Nilgiris supermarket, Coffee Day, Pizza Corner, Dollar store and a few other retail chains. It also houses Combinations, a good store for artificial jewelry and cosmetic requirements, not as big as, but similar to Claire's.

The "Bharath Mall" has an Adlabs 4 screen Multiplex, Big Bazaar,Food Bazaar, PlanetM, Pizza Hut, Pantaloons, Coffee Day, Subway, Adidas, Reebok, Provogue, Planet Sports, Swawroski, Lewis etc. just to name a few. The Saibeen complex is also located on MG Road. Another mall, the "Mohtisham City Centre Mall", is coming up on K S Rao road. It has a retail space of almost 800,000 square feet. Spencers, McDonalds, Westside, Reliance Fresh, Landmark, Shoppers Stop have already booked their spaces. This mall will also feature a 6 screen multiplex called 'Fun Cinemas'.

The Bangalore based Prestige group is investing about 300 crores for their upcoming 625,000 sq feet mall 'Forum' near AB Shetty Circle and it is targeted to be fully functional by November 2010. Another mall is expected to be built opposite the TMA Pai International convention centre on MG Road.

'Excel Mall', 'Mischief Mega Mall', 'Mak-mall', 'Spectrum','Times Square', 'Pio Mall', 'Golden Harvest Mall','Mangalore Central Mall'and 'City Center' are the upcoming malls in Mangalore.

Like in Bangalore and Mumbai, you can find a huge crowd in the malls of Mangalore. During the end of the season, retailers like 'Pantaloons Retail India Ltd.' offer huge sales discounts like that which is done in Bangalore and Mumbai. People in Mangalore are also crazy about shopping.

Small fashion stores like 'Signature Shoppping', 'Saree House', 'Envy' etc. are also present in Mangalore.

Der is also 6000 sqft showroom which is one of the biggest showroom in mangalore called ADKA'S which provides latest clothing in fashion for mens ladies and kids.

Supermarkets

There are various supermarkets across the city where you can get groceries & other daily items. A few of them are:

  • Ganesh Bazaar (GHS Road)
  • Janatha Bazaar (GHS Road)
  • Big Bazaar & Food Bazaar (Bharath Mall)
  • Nilgiri's (Empire Mall and Kankanady)
  • Jimmy's Supermarket (Nathoor Tollgate & Falnir)
  • Baliga's Supermarket (Near K.S.R.T.C., Bejai)
  • Joofry's (Saibeen Complex, Lalbagh)
  • Aditya Birla's More for you (Deralakatte,Kadri,Valencia, Kankanady, Chilimbi, Bendoor, Kodailbail, Barke)

Apart from these, a few more supermarkets such as Spencer's, Mark & Spencers, Reliance Fresh etc., are expected to open their outlets in Mangalore.

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Udupi-style restaurants

There are numerous small restaurants where one can gorge on cheap food as long as one likes South Indian food. The most typical ones are the Udupi-style restaurants which serve the staple fare of idli, wada and a variety of dosas. You can wash them down with some home-grown filter coffee or tea.

One of the more famous Udupi-style restaurants is the Woodlands situated on Bunts Hostel Road which has preserved its old-world quaintness. The gentry of Mangalore drive into its courtyard and remain seated in their cars. Nimble-footed waiters with their white mundus hitched up scamper around to serve them their food which is eaten inside the cars.

The lunch menu in Woodlands is particularly tasty if you like typical South Indian food. Lunch includes two varieties of rice - Normal rice and Boiled rice (Kerala style). The tiffin menu (evening) also is delicious with several choices. The dinner menu is very plain and contains many repeat dishes.

  • Taj Mahal, located in three different locations in Mangalore (Car Street, Hampankatta & Town hall). The Coffee served in Taj Mahal is regarded by many to be the best coffee available anywhere-the exact contents of the coffee powder used are kept a secret, Taj Mahal has a lot of patrons who visit the restaurant almost ritualistically thrice a day. Apart from the coffee there are a wide variety of dishes available including the dosas.
  • Hotel Ayodya is famous for authentic Mangalore style food items. Try appam, ghee dose, vastad roti, parota/tingalavare song.
  • Janata Deluxe also serves authentic Udupi style food items.
  • If you are looking for North Indian food, you are not spoilt for choice. Some of the larger hotels have a larger menu but the food is not particularly appetizing. One important joint in this category would be the restaurant at Hotel Srinivas on G.H.S Road - awesome food at great prices (Veg-only).
  • Otherwise for the Mughlai-tandoori variety, don't forget to check out The Royal Darbar (Bendorewell-Kankanady Road) and The Mogul Treat (at Highlands - opposite Highland Hospital).
  • Chicken Tikka Halal (Saibeen complex)
  • Biryani Paradise (Kankanady-Pumpwell road).
  • Shetty's Kori roti (near Canara College) - it supplies Mangalore style chicken curry with Kori roti (rice papads).

Seafood

Try such dishes as Kane Rava fry, Anjal Masala fry and Manji Masala fry.

  • Coconut Grove at hotel kumar's International is the most famous for mouth watering world delicacies in mangalore( opp Colaco hospital, bendore main road)
  • Narayana Hotel at Bunder is famous for delicious Mangalore style fish fry with fish curry rice.
  • Anupama (Bunts Hostel)
  • Amantran (Attavar - near city railway station) is a must try for sea food.
  • Maharaja (near Jyoti)
  • Kings Court (highway near Kottara Chowki)
  • Madhuvan Village (Yeyyadi)
  • Palkhi (Jyothi circle)

Kerala cuisine

Another category of small eateries is the Malayali joints. As Mangalore is adjacent to Kerala, it has a fair share of Malayalis who patronize these places. You will see that these eateries have their names written in large letters in the Malayalam script. They provide a selection of non-vegetarian food prepared in typical Kerala-style. A famous place to cite in this category would be Kairali Restaurant - near the Railway Station behind Milagres Church.

Premium Restaurants

If you're ready to spend a little more money to give yourself and your family that perfect tummy treat while in Mangalore, visit the various restaurants around which offer varied cuisines of your choice and taste - at a price! The 'Chicken Ghee Roast', which is a delicacy specifically of Dakshina Kannada is available at many of the premium restaurants.

Some of the famous restaurants:

  • Coconut Grove , opp Colaco Hospital, Bendore main road, Kankanady
  • Abhiman Residency, Kadri Road near Bunts Hostel.
  • Paalkhi, (Balmatta Road)
  • Maharaja, Bunts Hostel Road.
  • Kadal, Light House Hill Road (Nalapad Residency).
  • Kudla, Balmatta Road.
  • Diesel Café, Mischief - SCS Hospital Road, Balmatta.
  • Amazon, Mg Road, Empire mega mall.
  • Trishna, (Padavinangadi)
  • Pegz, K.S.Rao Road, Veg Bar n restaurant.
  • Madhuvan Village, Yeyyadi.
  • Mughul Treat,Falnir, Highlands.
  • Pegasus, Jeppina Moger.
  • Royal Durbar, Kankanady.
  • Gold Finch, Bunts Hostel Road.

Ice cream and Snacks

If you scream for ice cream and other snacks - the usual fare of junk food, look no further than Mangalore. This is often labelled 'ice cream town' for the boom in the number of parlours in and around the city. Some of the most famous ones include:

  • Ideals', Hampankatta. There are three parlours (2 ideals, proximity located 200 metres of one another. One is located near the Milgres junction and the other one is near the next junction heading towards the market) 3rd one Pabba's, at Lalbagh diagonally facing Saibeen Complex . Ideals is marked as one of the best ice cream in DK, when you are in mangalore this is a must try place. You have to try out "GADBAD" ice cream which is only available in Ideals and the best of all ice creams. Gadbad icecream is an old favorite which has dry fruits and fresh ones chopped up with nuts, layered with icecream (strawberry and vanilla) and topped off with Jello. Hot favorites are "CHOCOLATE DAD" and "TIRAMISU".
  • Komal's, Hampankatta - adjacent to Ideals (Milagres junction). Sells good Indian sweets.
  • Pabba's, at Lalbagh diagonally facing Saibeen Complex. Is also one of the outlets of Ideals.
  • Cherry Square, Next to SCS Hospital.
  • Dino's, Awesome snacks and pasteries.
  • Bon Bons Bakery, Yeyyadi, near Madhuvan Village. Tiny place run by an old lady (gives a very homely feel to it) with absolutely awesome French Cakes and pastries, a must-taste. Hot favorite here is the "Day and Night" pastry.
  • Cream Caramel, Saibeen. Mouth watering pastries, cakes, pizzas & other products.
  • Complex's, "Joofris" in the ground floor.
  • Danish Bakes, Bendorewell Road. (A.R.D'Souza Complex)
  • Snack-Shack, (beside Move'n'Pick Supermarket at Valencia)
  • Pop Tates, Balmatta.
  • Mahalaxmi Sweets and Chaats, Kankanady.
  • Cochin Bakery Three outlets throughout Mangalore - at Ceebees tower on Old Pumpwell Road (Kankanady), at A.B. Shetty Circle (near State Bank) and at Padua Circle (opposite Padua High School)
  • IceBerg, Souza Arcade, Opposite Jyothi Talkies, Balmatta.
  • Freeze, Highlands.
  • Minimelts ice cream, available in Saibeen, Bharath Mall and Emipire Mall

International Flavours

If you're in for the other famous & international eating places, try:

  • Domino's Pizza (Bendorwell - next to Colaco Hospital)
  • Pizza Hut (Bharath Mall)
  • Delisiaso (Empire mall) International Global Cuisine. Tempting Pancakes,Waffles and exotic chocolate shakes. Authentic Arabic food.
  • Cafe Coffee Day (Bharath Mall, Empire Mall & Oberle Towers, Balmatta)
  • ChicKing (Empire Mall)
  • Hao Ming Chinese Restaurant (Balmatta)
  • Bon Bons Bakery (Yeyyadi, near Madhuvan Village) Excellent Cakes and pastries, one should tryout.
  • U.S.Pizza

Drink

Fruit Juice and Cold Drinks

An array of mini fruit juice stalls dot every nook and cranny of Mangalore City - at bus stops, near shopping areas, etc. that serve the usual fare of juices and milkshakes - name it and it's all there for you. Although, this is not recommended if your gut is not immune to such juices! Normal restaurants would definitely be a hygienic alternative!

Tendercoconut (Local language called Bonda / Shiyala )is available in plenty. Most vendors charge about 12Rs each.

Aerated cold drinks like Coke & Pepsi are also available - just as in any other part of the world. Try out the local varieties, such as 'Zaffa' or 'Joy' for taste. If you want to have hygienically flavored sugarcane juice, then you will find a joint in Bharath Mall. You will wonder how much technology has changed these days!

Another must visit place is the Temple Square (Car street). The juice shop to check out is the one located between School book company & an Ayurvedic medicine shop.This juice shop specialises in dishing out concoctions made up of locally grown berries.Famous flavours include "Nannari", "Jaljeera", "Hingastak", "Birinda", and the rest is upto you to explore.The juice shop perfectly complements the fried delicacies served at "Ballu's podi" located right across the street.

Coffee Shops

Well there's the usual Cafe Coffee Day with its main outlet at Balmatta and four others at Deralakatte bang opposite the A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences campus, at the ONGC-MRPL Complex at Katipalla - Surathkal (near Infant Mary Church) and two new outlets opened recently - at the Empire Mega Mall (MG Road) and at Bharath Mall (Opposite KSRTC Bus Stand, Bejai). The outlets offer the youth a good hangout and a place to chill.

Or if you're game for just plain filter coffee without the extra hype, try out any of the Udupi cafes. Like the Taj Mahal hotels at Car Street, Hampankatta and Town Hall areas.

Alcohol

And yes... if you're looking for that perfect night out with friends over a couple of beers or vodka, you can either buy your liquor from the many wineshops around - for example, HI-SPIRITS (Bendoorwell-Kankanady) or you can check out the various resto-bars/lounge bars in the city. Some of the famous ones include:

  • The Liquid Lounge (Balmatta Road - the general youth hangout!)
  • Pegasus (Jeppinamogaru - near Fisheries College). It's very expensive but is a great place to hang out.
  • Kainos (at Abhiman Residency - Bunts Hostel Area)
  • Village (Yeyyadi road)
  • Amazon (Empire mega mall, M.G.Road Lalbagh)
  • Mangala Bar n' Restaurant (Opp. Retreat House, Valencia)
  • Froth on Top (Balmatta)
  • Wine Gate (Balmatta)
  • Dolphin (Mallikatta)

Sleep

Budget

There is no shortage of budget hotels in Mangalore. K S Rao road has many affordable hotels.

  • Ayodhya (Sri Ram Bhavan), (Near P V S Circle). Conveniently located and has a very good vegetarian restaurant; 'Ram Bhavan'.  edit
  • Ganesh Prasad, Ganesh Prasad Building, K S Rao Road, +91 (0)824-244041. Rs.230+.  edit
  • Hotel Blue Star, Falnir Road (Bus: Old bus stand), +91 (0)824 2426680. pretty sketchy... go for it if you want. Rs 239 for single.  edit
  • Hotel Roopa, Balmatta Road (Bus: Jyothi), +91 (0)824 2421270, [1]. Rs 2000 for single.  edit
  • Youth Hostel, Nehru Avenue, Ballalbagh (Near Mangalore City Corporation, Behind Hindi Prachar Bhavan), +91 (0)824 2457181, [2]. Cheap and clean place for tourists and travellers. No arrangement for food. 1 Family Room @ Rs.150/- per rooms per day 1 Dorm of 8 beds @ Rs.50/- per bed 1 Dorm of 4Beds @Rs.50/- per bed.  edit
  • Yash Arcade, (opposite the Mangalore Bus Stand near the Adlabs theatre). Excellent quality doubles. Rs. 500.  edit

Mid-range

There are many midrange hotels in Mangalore.

  • Hotel Surya, Greens compound, Balmatta road, +91 (0)824-2425736/46, 4253853. bar & restaurant attached, Spacious rooms, good ventilation21  edit
  • Prestige, Collectors Gate, Balmatta, +91 (0)824 2410601, [3]. 500 Rs per day.  edit
  • Hotel Gateway, Old Port Road (near State bank), +91 (0)824-6660420 (, fax: +91-824-6660585), [4]. while the hotel itself is not-bad, the surroundings are definitely smelly and sub-par. Rs.2016-Rs.6720.  edit
  • Hotel Woodside, K S Rao road, +91 (0)824-4278550, [6]. Very clean and big, newly renovated rooms. Very surprised to find this quality at the price. RS 900 for double with private bathroom, Air Con, Television.  edit
  • Kumar's International, Bendorewell Main Road (opp. colaco hospital), +91 (0)824-2225871, [7]. checkin: 24 hrs; checkout: 24hrs. Rs750-Rs1,680.  edit
  • Moti Mahal, Falnir Road, Mangalore, +91 (0)824-2441411, [8]. Rs.518-Rs.2415.  edit
  • Nalapad Residency, Light House Hill Road, +91 (0)824 2424757, [9]. Rs.650-Rs.1750.  edit
  • Srinivas, Near Ganapathi High School Road, Hampankatta, +91 (0)824 2440061, [10]. Rs.452-Rs.1017.  edit
  • Summer Sands Beach Resort, Chotamangalore Ullal 575020, +91 (0)824-2467690 (, fax: +91-824-2467693), [11]. checkin: 12 noon. Rs.3000-14000.  edit

Stay Safe

Malaria is endemic in Mangalore. So, don't forget to carry your mosquito repellant creams, mosquito mats, coils, liquidators, etc. along with you (let that be your first priority on your list of things to pack!). Consult your doctor for advice on malaria prophylaxis before you arrive in Mangalore. If you have the slightest idea of a fever with chills, rush yourself to a nearby hospital to get yourself checked.

Also, it is advisable to get yourself vaccinated for Hepatitis A (food-borne Hepatitis) in case you haven't been vaccinated already.

Three things will do more to prevent an upset stomach or other traveling aliments than anything else:

  • Always choose water from filters (Aquaguard water) or bottled mineral water, just to be on the safe side.
  • Carrying water free hand sanitizer is a must (Germ-X, Purell, etc.) Go ahead and eat with your hands like everyone else! Once you use your hand sanitizer your hands are cleaner than the silverware that was washed with water you don't want to drink.
  • Always choose foods that are steaming hot. Food is often prepared ahead of time so you want to see it cooked or see the steam coming of the food.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Proper noun

Mangalore

  1. City in south-western India.

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