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Mani Ratnam
Born Gopalaratnam Subramaniam
June 2, 1956 (1956-06-02) (age 53)
Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
Other name(s) Mani Rathnam
Occupation Film director, film producer, screenwriter
Years active 1983–present
Spouse(s) Suhasini Ratnam
Official website

Mani Ratnam (Tamil: மணி ரத்னம்) (born 2 June 1956 in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India) is an Indian filmmaker, screenwriter and producer. Directing landmark films such as Mouna Raagam (1986), Nayagan (1987), Anjali (1990), Thalapathi (1991), Iruvar (1997), Kannathil Muthamittal (2002), Yuva (2004), Guru (2007), and his "terrorism trilogy" consisting of Roja (1992), Bombay (1995) and Dil Se (1998),[1][2] Ratnam is widely attributed with having revolutionised the Chennai film industry and altering the profile of Indian cinema.[3] Ratnam has won five Filmfare Awards (South), four Filmfare Awards (Hindi), and twelve international film festival awards.[4] His Tamil movie Nayagan and Satyajit Ray's Apu trilogy are the only Indian films to have appeared in Time's top 100 all time best movies.

Contents

Personal life and education

Mani Ratnam was born in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India to Tamil Brahmin parents. His actual name is Gopala Ratnam Subramaniam. After graduating with a degree in Commerce from Vivekananda College, University of Madras and an MBA from Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, he embarked on a career as a management consultant before becoming a filmmaker. He got into film direction with the help of his late brother, film producer G. Venkateswaran. Ratnam married actress Suhasini in 1988. They have a son by name Nandhan Mani Ratnam.

Ratnam lives in Alwarpet, Chennai, where he runs his production company Madras Talkies.

Career

1980s

Mani Ratnam's directorial debut was in 1983, through the Anil Kapoor starring Kannada film Pallavi Anu Pallavi. Mani Ratnam made significant headways in his first film, and also managing to persuade acclaimed director and cinematographer Balu Mahendra to serve as cinematography. The film boldly explored the nature of a relationship between young man and an elder woman. Mani's career after that remained on a lowlight as he failed to attain box office success. His following efforts were the Malayalam film Unaru (1984), which starred Mohanlal and then two Tamil films, the first being Pagal Nilavu followed by Idaya Kovil.

Finally in 1986, Mani attained commercial success in Tamil Nadu through the Tamil language romantic drama Mouna Ragam with Revathi and Mohan. The film told the story of friction between a newly-wed couple, and remains famous to date as a relevant and realistic portrayal of romance among urban Tamils. Its score by Ilaiyaraaja became a huge success upon release. Mani's status elevated further a year later writing Nayagan, directing an already versatile actor of Tamil cinema, Kamal Hassan for the film, which went on to become a legendary success in the industry. The film, which tells the story of an orphaned slum dweller and his rise to top of the Mumbai underworld hierarchy, was included in TIME Magazine's All-Time 100 Greatest Movies.[5][6] The story was inspired by the real life story of underworld king Varadarajan Mudaliar.

Early 1990s

With commercial success coming back to back, Ratnam wrote and directed Agni Natchathiram. The film was notable for use of new techniques in terms of camera framework, especially during the shoot of songs in the film. The film had a successful run in the box office. Mani later returned to familiar territory of winning critical acclaim through his next film made in Telugu, named Geethanjali. The film which starred Nagarjuna in the lead role told the story of an ill-fated couple who are both suffering from terminal diseases. Ratnam maintained a momentum of making emotional stories of undeserved people through the Raghuvaran starring Chennai release Anjali in 1990. The film told the story of an autistic child and how she changed the lives of people in colony. Mani later made another underworld-themed Tamil film with Thalapathi in 1991 starring Rajnikanth and Mammooty. With a theme of friendship between a local don and a slum king, Thalapathi earned both critical acclaim and commercial success upon release. Thalapathi is unique in a sense that it is of the rare films with 2 climaxes. The Tamil and Telugu versions end with Mamooty's death where Rajinikanth is considered a matinee-idol. The Malayalam version ends with Rajini's death where Mamootty is based.

With Thalapathi, Mani ended his association with music director Ilaiyaraaja, bringing in debutant music director A. R. Rahman to score his Tamil epic Roja. It turned out to be Mani's greatest findings as Rahman would go on to become a musical legend on his own right in the annals of Indian cinema. Roja, a romantic film, tackled themes of terrorism in the regions of Kashmir. The film – starring Arvind Swamy and Madhoo – was released in 1992 and nominated for the Golden St. George Award at the Moscow International Film Festival and became so popular that it was dubbed into other languages and met similar success in other regions. Mani then took a more light-hearted approach with his next film – Thiruda Thiruda. Scripted by Ram Gopal Varma, the film saw the exploration of comedy action, a departure from the norm for Ratnam, and fared less well at the box office. In 1994, a retrospective of his Tamil films was shown at the Toronto International Film Festival. In 1995, Ratnam returned to Tamil language drama. Bombay starring Arvind Swamy and Manisha Koirala told the story of a Hindu-Muslim couple in the midst of the 1993 religious Bombay riots and bombings. The film was met with controversy and censorship upon release. However Bombay was financially very successful and well appreciated by the critics. It won the Special Award from the Political Film Society, the Wim Van Leer In Spirit of Freedom Award at the Jerusalem International Film Festival and the Gala Award at the Edinburgh International Film Festival.[7][8]

Late 1990s

Again in 1995, Ratnam co-wrote and co-produced his wife Suhasini Mani Ratnam's directorial debut Indira. The film is a woman-centralized story, with Suhasini's cousin Anu Haasan playing the lead role. But failed to succeed at the box office. Ratnam returned to direction the following year with Iruvar, starring Mohanlal & Prakash Raj, a film that Ratnam himself considers to be his finest effort to date. Inspired by the real life story of iconic Tamil film star and politician MG Ramachandran and also current Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi, it was hailed critically as a fine effort in film-making, winning Best Film at the Festival of the Auteur Films in Belgrade.[9]

Ratnam decided to charter new territories in with his next film, making his debut in Hindi language films with Dil Se. The film starred the Mumbai star Shahrukh Khan with Manisha Koirala. Ratnam used the conflict in the north eastern states as a backdrop to tell a love story between an Indian journalist and a north eastern woman. The film was particularly famous for the song Chaiyya Chaiyya which was shot atop a moving train. Ratnam returned to Tamil films after that and directed the romance drama Alaipayuthey (which has been remade in Hindi as "Saathiya") in 2000, starring R. Madhavan and Shalini. Alaipayuthey was a huge success both commercially and critically, as it explored post-marital problems between a young Chennai couple who married beyond their parents' consent, and also returned Ratnam's position as a box office factor.

2000–present

Ratnam's following effort, Kannathil Muthamittal saw him tackling adoption through the eyes of a Tamil refugee from Sri Lanka searching for her biological mother. The film was a critically lauded commercial success, winning six National Film Awards, Ratnam's second Filmfare Award South for directing, his second In Spirit for Freedom Award at the Jerusalem Film Festival and an award at the Indian Film Festival of Los Angeles. In 2004, Mani made his second Hindi language effort with Yuva. The film, which tells the story of three different youths and how one incident sends their three lives on a collision course, received positive reviews and was a hit in the box office. Ratnam also made the film simultaneously in Tamil as Aayutha Ezhuthu. The film was an average at the Tamil box office, but critics favored the Tamil version to the Hindi version. Ratnam also had his first heart attack during shooting for Yuva.

2007 saw Ratnam direct the Madras Talkies production Guru starring Abhishek Bachchan. It became one of 2007's biggest hits. Currently, Ratnam is working on a bilingual film being made in both Tamil and Hindi. The film has been titled Raavana in Tamil and Raavan in Hindi.

Filmography

The following is the list of films directed by Mani Ratnam. Many of his films have been dubbed or remade in several languages. For many of his films, Mani Ratnam is also credited for the story, screenplay and producing:

As a director

Year Title Language Notes [4][7]
1983 Pallavi Anu Pallavi Kannada
1984 Unaru Malayalam
1985 Pagal Nilavu Tamil
1985 Idaya Kovil Tamil
1986 Mouna Raagam Tamil
1987 Nayagan Tamil One of Time magazine's "All-TIME" 100 best movies.[5][6]
1988 Agni Natchathiram Tamil
1989 Geethanjali Telugu
1990 Anjali Tamil Won, National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil.
1991 Thalapathi Tamil
1992 Roja Tamil Won, National Film Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration.
Won, Filmfare Awards (South) for Best Movie (Tamil) and Best Director (Tamil).
Won, Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Director.
Nominated, Golden St. George for Best Film at Moscow International Film Festival.
1993 Thiruda Thiruda Tamil
1995 Bombay Tamil Won, National Film Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration.
Won, Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie.
Won, Special Award at the Political Film Society Awards.
Won, Wim Van Leer In Spirit of Freedom Award at the Jerusalem Film Festival
Won, Gala Award at the Edinburgh International Film Festival
1997 Iruvar Tamil Won, Filmfare Awards (South) for Best Movie (Tamil).
Won, Best Film at Belgrade International Film Festival.
1998 Dil Se Hindi Won, NETPAC Award (Special Mention) at Berlin International Film Festival.
2000 Alaipayuthey Tamil
2002 Kannathil Muthamittal Tamil Won, National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil.
Won, Filmfare Awards (South) for Best Movie (Tamil) and Best Director (Tamil).
Won, Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Director.
Won, Best Feature Award at Jerusalem Film Festival.
Won, ITFA Best Director Award
Won, Audience Award for Best Feature Film at Indian Film Festival of Los Angeles.
Won, Audience Choice Award for Narrative Competition at RiverRun International Film Festival.
Won, Best Picture at Zimbabwe International Film Festival.
Won, Audience Award, Jury Award and Special Award at Film Fest New Haven.
Won, Best International Film at Westchester Film Festival.
2004 Aayutha Ezhuthu Tamil Won Best Movie
Yuva Hindi Won, Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie
Won, Filmfare Best Screenplay Award.
Nominated, Star Screen Awards for Best Director and Best Screenplay.
2007 Guru Hindi Nominated, Filmfare Best Director Award.
Nominated, Filmfare Best Movie Award.
2010 Raavana Tamil Filming
Raavan Hindi Filming

Non-director

Mani Ratnam established Madras Talkies for film production during the shoot of Iruvar. All movies directed by Mani Ratnam subsequent to Iruvar have been produced through Madras Talkies. Apart from production, Mani Ratnam also has written story and screenplay for movies directed by others.

Year Title Role Language Notes [4]
1990 Sathriyan Producer, Story & Screenplay writer Tamil
1992 Kasak Story writer Hindi
1993 Gaayam Story & Screenplay writer Telugu
1995 Indira Screenplay writer Tamil
Aasai Producer Tamil
1997 Nerukku Ner Producer Tamil
2000 Taj Mahal Story writer Tamil
2001 Dumm Dumm Dumm Producer, Story & Screenplay writer Tamil
2002 Kadhal Virus Actor Tamil Guest appearance as himself
Five Star Producer Tamil
Saathiya Producer, Story & Screenplay writer Hindi Won, Filmfare Best Screenplay Award

Stage productions

Awards

National Film Awards:

Family

  • Mani's father Gopal Ratnam Iyer was a film producer.
  • Mani's brother late G. Venkateswaran, popularly known as G.V. was a noted film producer.
  • Mani married to actress Suhasini, niece of Kamal Haasan and daughter of Charuhasan they have a 17-year old son
  • Mani co-founded and co-runs the independent production company Madras Talkies along with his other brother G. Srinivasan. Srinivasan passed away in Manali on the 27th May 2007 by slipping into a gorge.

Themes

Ratnam is noted as

See also

References

  1. ^ Bal, Mieke (2004), Narrative Theory: Critical Concepts in Literary and Cultural Studies, Taylor and Francis, pp. 339–44, ISBN 0415316618 
  2. ^ Pat Padua (2001). "FROM THE HEART: The Films of Mani Ratnam". CineScene. http://www.cinescene.com/names/maniratnam.html. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  3. ^ Velayutham, Selvaraj (2008), Tamil Cinema: The Cultural Politics of India's Other Film Industry, Routledge, ISBN 9780415396806 
  4. ^ a b c "Awards for Mani Ratnam". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0711745/awards. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  5. ^ a b "Time 100: Nayakan". Time Magazine. http://www.time.com/time/2005/100movies/0,23220,nayakan,00.html. Retrieved 22 January 2007. 
  6. ^ a b "Time Magazine's All-Time 100 Movies List". Time Magazine. http://www.time.com/time/2005/100movies/the_complete_list.html. Retrieved 22 January 2007. 
  7. ^ a b Gopalan, Lalitha (2005), Bombay: BFI Film Classics, BFI Publishing, p. 9, ISBN 9780851709567 
  8. ^ "Political Film Society - Previous Award Winners". Political Film Society. http://www.polfilms.com/previous.html. 
  9. ^ "The Cinema of Mani Ratnam". Cine Central (University of Michigan). 2008-05-22. 

Further reading

External links


Simple English

Mani Ratnam (Tamil: மணி ரத்னம்) (born June 2, 1956) is a Tamil Indian film director, writer and producer.

Contents

Filmography

The following is the list of films directed by Mani Ratnam. For many of these movies, Mani Ratnam is also credited for the story, screenplay and producing:

Director

Year Film Language Cast Music Director Notes
1983 Pallavi Anu Pallavi Kannada Anil Kapoor, Lakshmi Ilaiyaraaja Dubbed into Tamil as Oh! Priya Priya
1985 Unaru Malayalam Mohanlal, Sukumaran, Sabina Jose Ilaiyaraaja
1985 Pagal Nilavu Tamil Murali, Revathi Menon, Radhika Sarath Kumar, Sathyaraj Ilaiyaraaja
1985 Idaya Kovil Tamil Mohan, Radha, Ambika, Goundamani Ilaiyaraaja
1986 Mouna Raagam Tamil Mohan, Revathi, Karthik Ilaiyaraaja Dubbed into Telugu as 'Mouna Raagam
1987 Nayagan Tamil Kamal Haasan, Saranya, Nassar, Janagaraj Ilaiyaraaja Dubbed into Hindi as Nayak
Dubbed into Telugu as
Nayakudu
1988 Agni Natchathiram Tamil Prabhu, Karthik, Vijayakumar, Nirosha, Amala, Janagaraj, Jayachitra Ilaiyaraaja Dubbed into Telugu as Gharshana
1989 Geethanjali Telugu Nagarjuna, Girija, Vijayakumar Ilaiyaraaja Dubbed into Tamil as Idhayathai Thirudathey
Dubbed into Malayalam as Geethanjali
1990 Anjali Tamil Raghuvaran, Revathi, Prabhu, Tarun Kumar, Shamili, Shruti, Saranya Ilaiyaraaja Dubbed into Telugu as Anjali
1991 Thalapathi Tamil Rajinikanth, Mammooty, Arvind Swamy, Amrish Puri, Sobhana, Bhanupriya, Srividya, Geetha, Jaishankar Ilaiyaraaja Dubbed into Telugu as Dalapati
Dubbed into Hindi as Dal-pati
1992 Roja Tamil Arvind Swamy, Madhubala, Pankaj Kapoor, Nassar, Janagaraj A. R. Rahman Dubbed into English as The Rose
Dubbed into Hindi, Telugu, Malayalam and Marathi as Roja
1993 Thiruda Thiruda Tamil Prashanth, Anand, Heera Rajgopal, Anu Agarwal, Balasubrahmanyam A. R. Rahman Dubbed into Hindi as Chor Chor
Dubbed into Telugu as Donga Donga
1995 Bombay Tamil Arvind Swamy, Manisha Koirala, Nassar, Prakash Raj A. R. Rahman Dubbed into Hindi and Telugu as Bombay
1997 Iruvar Tamil Mohanlal, Aishwarya Rai, Prakash Raj, Madhubala, Tabu, Revathi, Gouthami, Nassar A. R. Rahman Dubbed into Telugu as Iddaru
1998 Dil Se(Uyerea in tamil) Hindi Shah Rukh Khan, Manisha Koirala, Preity Zinta A. R. Rahman Dubbed into Tamil as Uyire
Dubbed into Telugu as Prema Tho
2000 Alaipayuthey Tamil Madhavan, Shalini, Arvind Swamy, Kushboo, Vivek, Sukumari, Lalitha, Jayasudha, Pyramid Natarajan A. R. Rahman Dubbed into English as Waves
Dubbed into Telugu as Sakhi
remade into Hindi as Saathiya
2002 Kannathil Muthamittal Tamil Madhavan, Simran, Nandita Das, Keerthana, Prakash Raj, Pasupathy A. R. Rahman Dubbed into English as A Peck on the Cheek
Dubbed into Telugu as Amrutha
2004 Aayitha Ezhuthu Tamil Madhavan, Surya Sivakumar, Siddharth Narayan, Meera Jasmine, Esha Deol, Trisha, Bharathiraja, Janagaraj A. R. Rahman Dubbed into Telugu as Yuva
Dubbed into English as The Three Dots
2004 Yuva Hindi Ajay Devgan, Abhishek Bachchan, Vivek Oberoi, Rani Mukherjee, Esha Deol, Kareena Kapoor, Om Puri A. R. Rahman
2007 Guru Hindi Abhishek Bachchan, Aishwarya Rai, Madhavan, Vidya Balan, Mallika Sherawat, Mithun Chakraborty A. R. Rahman Dubbed into Tamil as Guru
Dubbed into Telugu as Gurukanth

| 2010 || Ravana|| Hindi || Abhishek Bachchan, Aishwarya Rai, Vickram, || A. R. Rahman || This Flim is in Both Tamil and Hindi |- |}

Non-Director

Mani Ratnam established Madras Talkies for film production during the shoot of Iruvar. Mani Ratnam had earlier produced Thiruda Thiruda under his personal name. All movies directed by Mani Ratnam subsequent to Iruvar have been produced through Madras Talkies. Apart from production, Mani Ratnam also has written story and screenplay for movies directed by others.

  • Indira (1996) - Screenplay (Movie was directed by his wife Suhasini)
  • Gayam (1993) - Story & Screenplay (Telugu Movie)
  • Chatriyan - Story & Screenplay
  • Tajmahal - Story & Screenplay
  • Aasai (1995) - Producer
  • Nerrukku Ner (1997) - Producer (Madras Talkies)
  • Dumm Dumm Dumm (2001) - Story & Screenplay
  • Saathiya (2002) - Screenplay (Movie is a re-make of Alaipayuthey and was directed by his assistant Shaad Ali) and Producer (Madras Talkies)
  • Five Star (2003) - Producer (Madras Talkies)

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