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Manj (or Manjj) is a Rajput,jatts clan of the Punjab region of Northern India and Pakistan.

Manj is the largest clan of Ratputs/jatts and are widely distributed.

Contents

Origin and History

The Manj are a sub-clan of the Rajputs and jatts. Raja Salivahana had eighty-four sons. Among them were Tavesar, Ras Tavas, ancestor of the Taonis of Ambala, and Bisal, ancestor of the Bhattis. Rana Jundal, seventh in descent from Bisal, ruled Bhatner (present-day Hanumangarh in northern Rajasthan). His son, Achhal founded the city of Jaisalmer, and his descendants are the Manj and Bhatti tribes.

Manj Rajputs held large swaths of territory in Patti area of Amritsar district north of the Satluj river extending towards Kasur. They were displaced from this area during the conquest of Mohamed Ghauri. They then moved across the Beas east of Harike and held an extensive tract of territory in Nakodar and Nurmahal areas of Jalandhar district, and also to the south of here across the Satluj in what is now Ludhiana district.

The Ludhiana and Jalandhar traditions of the tribe state that Tulsi Das (Tulsi Ram), a Manj Rajput, was converted to Islam by Pir Hazrat Makhdum Shah Jahaniya Jahangasht of Uch in 1323 AD. Tulsi Ram assumed the name of Shaikh Sirajuddin alias Shaikh Chachu.

In the early fourteenth century, Shaikh Chachu and another Manj Rajput, Shaikh Kilchi, are said to have settled at Hatur in the southwest of Ludhiana, from where their descendants spread into the surrounding areas. "Rai Kalha III, who appears to have been a ruler of very great ability, extended his power up to Ludhiana.He established independent power over the whole of Jagraon(the place of the Rais) and the greater part of Ludhiana Tahsils, and also a large portion of the Ferozepur District." Ref: Ludhiana Dist Gazetteers 1888-1904,Rajas Of Punjab 1870 by Sir Lepel Griffin, Chiefs of Punjab 1890,1909,1940

The traditions also refer to the conquest of the tract by the tribe to the time of Ala-ud-din Khilji. However, as Shaikh Chachu died in 1383 A.D., it would appear that if the tradition has any foundation it must be in Ala-ud-din Sayyid.[citation needed]

In the Ain-i-Akbari, the Manj are wrongly referred to as Main, a title which is said to belong properly to the Ghorewaha of Ludhiana.

After the dissolution of the Mughal Empire, the Manj Rais of Talwandi and Raikot ruled over an extensive territory south of the Satluj, till dispossessed of it by the Ahluwalia Sikhs and later by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Even earlier than this, the Manj Nawabs of Kot Isa Khan had attained considerable importance under the Mughals. North of the Satluj, the Manj never succeeded in establishing a principality; but they had a large tract of country in the southwest of the Jalandhar district, in areas such as Talwan, Nakodar, and Malsian, and held much of it as Jagirs under the Mughals, but were dispossessed by Tara Singh Gheba and the Sindhanwalia Sikhs. The Manj in Nabha claim to be descendants of Banni Pal, a descendant of Tulsi Ram (Tulsi Das or Shaikh Chachu), who flourished under Aurangzeb, and did much to allay the dissensions of the time. He earned many honors by military service and held charge of the Raikot State and a large part of the area later occupied by the Phulkian States (Nabha, Patiala, and Jind).

In the Kangri dialect of Punjabi, the word Manj is said to mean 'In the middle'.

Geographical distribution

The Manj were the most widely distributed of all the sub-montane Rajputs. Pre-Partition, they were widely distributed across the Punjab region, but their strongholds were Ludhiana and its adjoining districts.

They were found mostly in the southwestern portion of Jalandhar and the northwestern portion of Ludhiana. Rawalpindi also had Manj Rajputs, but whether or not they were of the same stock as the Manj of Ludhiana and Jalandhar was doubtful.

After the Partition, many Muslim Manj families migrated to Punjab (Pakistan). Among them, was the Manjj family of Halwara and Raikot and Talwandi Rai,and Talwan who were the landlords of Ludhiana Dist. and Jallandhar Dist. Khan Bahadur Rai Inayat Khan of Raikot,Dist. Ludhiana is mentioned as a Chief in the "Chiefs Of Punjab" 1909 and 1940.The Rai family of Raikot and Talwandi Rai are settled in Chichawatni, Dist Sahiwal(Montgomery)and Kamalia, Dist. Toba Tek Singh. The land lords of Halwara migrated to Pakistan and are currently living in Faisalabad (mainly concentrated in Sidhupur) and Sahiwal.In Pakistan Manj are currently in gujranwala , shaikhupura , faisalabad, Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh district.There are a few villages of Sikh Manj rajputs in Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur and Fatehgarh sahib districts of Punjab (India)

Religion

The Manj Rajputs are mostly Muslim, though many remained Hindus after the time of Shaikh Chachu, and few are of the Sikh faith in Indian Punjab; they still disallow karewa.

External links

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