The Full Wiki

Manji (era): Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manji (万治 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Meireki and before Kanbun. This period spanned the years from July 1658 through April 1661.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Sai-tennō (後西天皇 ?).[2]


Change of era

  • 1658 Manji gannen (万治元年 ?): The era name was changed to mark a disastrous, great fire in Edo. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Meireki 4, on the 23rd day of the 7th month 23rd.

The source of this era name comes from the Records of the Grand Historian: "When the common people know their place, then all under heaven is ruled" (衆民乃定、国為)

Events of the Manji era

  • 1658 (Manji 1): In the aftermath of the Great Mereiki Fire, the shogunate organized four all-samurai, all-Edo firefighting squads.[3]
  • 1658 (Manji 1): Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu is born. Yoshiyasu will become Shogun Tsunayoshi's favorite courtier and chief counselor.[4]
Katsushika Hokusai published this view of the Ryōgoku Bridge as an ukiyoe print.
  • 1659 (Manji 2): In Edo, construction begins on the Ryōgoku Bridge (ryogokubashi).[2]
  • 1660 (Manji 3): Former rojū Sakai Tadakatsu entered the Buddhist priesthood.


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Manji" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 607; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ a b Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 413.
  3. ^ McClain, James et al. (1994). Edo and Paris: Urban Life and the State in the Early Modern Era, p. xxii.
  4. ^ Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (2006). The Dog Shogun: The Personality and Policies of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, p. 110.


External links

Manji 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Gregorian 1658 1659 1660 1661

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:



Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address