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Manji (万治 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Meireki and before Kanbun. This period spanned the years from July 1658 through April 1661.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Sai-tennō (後西天皇 ?).[2]

Contents

Change of era

  • 1658 Manji gannen (万治元年 ?): The era name was changed to mark a disastrous, great fire in Edo. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Meireki 4, on the 23rd day of the 7th month 23rd.

The source of this era name comes from the Records of the Grand Historian: "When the common people know their place, then all under heaven is ruled" (衆民乃定、国為)

Events of the Manji era

  • 1658 (Manji 1): In the aftermath of the Great Mereiki Fire, the shogunate organized four all-samurai, all-Edo firefighting squads.[3]
  • 1658 (Manji 1): Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu is born. Yoshiyasu will become Shogun Tsunayoshi's favorite courtier and chief counselor.[4]
Katsushika Hokusai published this view of the Ryōgoku Bridge as an ukiyoe print.
  • 1659 (Manji 2): In Edo, construction begins on the Ryōgoku Bridge (ryogokubashi).[2]
  • 1660 (Manji 3): Former rojū Sakai Tadakatsu entered the Buddhist priesthood.

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Manji" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 607; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ a b Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 413.
  3. ^ McClain, James et al. (1994). Edo and Paris: Urban Life and the State in the Early Modern Era, p. xxii.
  4. ^ Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (2006). The Dog Shogun: The Personality and Policies of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, p. 110.

References

External links

Manji 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Gregorian 1658 1659 1660 1661

Preceded by:
Meireki

Era or nengō:
Manji

Succeeded by:
Kanbun

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