The Full Wiki

More info on Manuel Alberto Freire Andrade Armijo

Manuel Alberto Freire Andrade Armijo: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manuel Alberto Freire de Andrade y Armijo (4 November 1765 or 1767 – 7 March 1834 or 1835) was a Spanish cavalry officer and general during the Peninsular War. After fighting the French in Murcia, Granada, and Valencia (1810-1812), he succeeded General Giron to command the Fourth Army, or Army of Galicia.[1] His corps triumphed over Soult at San Marcial in 1813 (earning him the San Fernando Cross) and fought with "conspicuous gallantry"[2] at Toulouse in 1814, where his division was desperately mauled in the fighting for the French redoubts.[3]


  1. ^ Gates, p. 474
  2. ^ Gates, p. 34
  3. ^ Longford, p. 420


  • Gates, David. The Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. Da Capo Press 2001. ISBN 0-306-81083-2
  • Longford, Elizabeth. Wellington: The Years of The Sword. New York: Harper and Row Publishers, 1969.


Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address