From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Manuel Patricio Rodríguez García (17 March 1805
– 1 July 1906), commonly referred to as Manuel García II, was a Spanish singer,
music educator, and vocal pedagogist.
He was born in Zafra, the son
of singer, teacher Manuel del Pópulo Vicente García
(Manuel Garcia I). His sisters were Maria Malibran and Pauline
Viardot. After abandoning his onstage career as a baritone, Garcia began to
teach at the Paris
Conservatory (1830–48) and the Royal
Academy of Music, London
(1848–95). Jenny Lind,
Bond, Camille Everardi, Christina
Tempest, Julius Stockhausen and Henry Wood were among his pupils.
He published the treatise Traité complet de l'Art du
According to some sources, he invented the laryngoscope in 1854
and the next year published observations of his own larynx and vocal cords made with a
small dental mirror introduced into the throat and using sunlight
reflected by another mirror. Garcia was interested in movements
connected with the production of the singing voice and did not
anticipate the importance of laryngoscopy for medicine. Still, the
University of Königsberg
conferred upon him the honorary degree of M.D.
He died in London in 1906
at the age of 101 years and was buried in the churchyard of St.
Edward's Catholic church in Sutton Green, Surrey. His grave gives
details of his many famous pupils and accomplishments.
The laryngoscopy. From García, 1884
- Mémoire sur la voix humaine présenté à l'Académie des
Sciences en 1840. Paris: Duverger, 1847.
- Ecole de Garcia: traité complet de l'art du chant par
Manuel Garcia fils. Mayence, Paris: Schott 1840 (Teil 1), 1847
- Garcias Schule oder Die Kunst des Gesanges in allen ihren
Theilen vollst. abgehandelt von Manuel Garcia. Deutscher Text
von C. Wirth. Mainz: Schott, 1841; auch in zwei Teilen in der
Zeitschrift Caecilia; Erster Theil, in Band 22
(1843), Heft 85; Zweiter Theil in Band 26 (1847), Heft 104
- Ecole de Garcia: traité complet de l'art du chant.
(Band 1 und 2 zusammen). Mayence, Paris: Schott 1856.
- A complete treatise on the art of singing, part two by M.
Garcia II. Second part, complete and unabridged, the editions of
1847 and 1872 collated, ed. and transl. by Donald V. Paschke.
Reprint of the 1872 edition. New York: Da Capo Press, 1975. ISBN
0-306-76212-9. ISBN 0-306-70660-1. (Note: Includes
- Malcolm Sterling Mackinlay: Garcia the centenarian and his
times. New York: Da Capo Pr., 1976. Reprint of the edition New
York 1908. (Da Capo Press Music Reprint Series).
- Byron Cantrell: Hints on singing by Manuel Patricio
Rodríguez García. Introd. by Byron Cantrell. Canoga Park,
Calif.: Summit Publ. Co., 1970. Reprint of the edition London, New
York 1894 (Translated from French).
This article incorporates text from an edition of the
Encyclopedia that is in the public domain.