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Marc Girardin

Saint-Marc Girardin (February 22, 1801 - April 1, 1873) was a French politician and man of letters, whose real name was Marc Girardin.

Biography

Girardin was born in Paris. After a brilliant university career in the city, he began in 1828 to contribute to the Journal des D√©bats, on the staff of which he remained for nearly half a century. After the July Revolution and the accession of Louis Philippe as King of the French (the liberal July Monarchy), he was appointed professor of history at the Sorbonne and master of requests in the Conseil d'√Čtat. Soon afterwards he exchanged his chair of history for one of poetry, continuing to contribute political articles to the Journal des D√©bats, and sitting as deputy in the Chamber from 1835 to 1848.

In 1833, he was charged with a mission to study German methods of education, and issued a report advocating the necessity of newer methods and of technical instruction. In 1844 he was elected a member of the French Academy.

During the Revolution of February 1848 Girardin was for a moment a minister, but after the establishment of the Second French Republic, he was not re-elected deputy in the National Assembly.

After the Franco-Prussian War, he was returned to the Bordeaux assembly by his old d√©partement ‚ÄĒ Haute-Vienne. His Orl√©anist tendencies and his objections to the Third Republic were strong, and although he at first supported Adolphe Thiers, he afterwards became a leader of the opposition to the president. He died, however, in 1873 at Morsang-sur-Seine, before Theirs was actually driven from power.

Works

His chief work is his Cours de littérature dramatique (1843-1863), a series of lectures better described by its second title De l'usage des passions dans le drame. The author examined dramatic passions, discussing the mode in which they are treated in ancient and modern drama, poetry and romance. The book, a defence of the ancients against the moderns, "did not", according to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, "take into account the fact that only the best of ancient literature has come down to us." Girardin's oeuvre was, overall, very hostile toward Romanticism.

Girardin's other works included Essais de litt√©rature (2 vols., 1844), made up chiefly of contributions to the D√©bats, his Notices sur l'Allemagne (1834), and many volumes of collected Souvenirs, R√©flexions, etc., on foreign countries and passing events (including his notes on the period of Russian administration in the Danubian Principalities). His last major works were La Fontaine et les Fabulistes (1867) and an √Čtude sur J.-J. Rousseau (1870) which had appeared in the Revue des deux mondes.

Cultural offices
Preceded by
François-Nicolas-Vincent Campenon
Seat 23
Académie française
1844-1873
Succeeded by
Alfred Mézières

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclop√¶dia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. In turn, it cites as references:
    • Flatzfield and Meunier, Les Critiques litt√©raires du XIXe si√®cle (1894)
    • Ch. Labitte, Saint-Marc Girardin, in the Revue des deux mondes (Feb. 1845)
    • Tamisier, Saint-Marc Girardin; √©tude litt√©raire (1876)
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