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The Marcia Trionfale (Italian for "Triumphal March") was the original anthem of the Pope and of the Vatican City State. It was written in 1857 by Viktorin Hallmayer, then director of the band of the 47th Infantry Regiment of the Line (the Count Kinsky Regiment) stationed within the Papal States.[1][2]

The Marcia was played for the first time on the evening of June 9, 1857, to celebrate the entry of Pope Pius IX into Bologna. It proved immediately popular and was used repeatedly during that journey of the Pope to Florence ad other central Italian cities, and on his return to Rome on September 5, 1857. This music was also played in the streets of Rome to celebrate the Lateran Treaty between the papacy and the Kingdom of Italy on February 11, 1929 and the end of the Roman Question.

Hallmayer's lively and waltz-like Marcia music was in the style of the period of its composition, but in the eve of the Holy Year 1950 Pope Pius XII decided to replace it by Gounod's Marche Pontificale (composed in 1869), which had a more religious tone.[1]. It was performed officially for the last time on Christmas Eve, 1949.


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