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Claudius Tacitus
Emperor of the Roman Empire
EmpereurTacite.jpg
Reign September 25 275 - June 276
Full name Marcus Claudius Tacitus (from birth to accession);
Caesar Marcus Claudius Tacitus Augustus (as emperor)
Born ca. 200
Birthplace Interamna
Died June 276 (aged 76)
Place of death Tyana
Predecessor Aurelian
Successor Florianus

Marcus Claudius Tacitus (ca. 200 - June 276) was a Roman Emperor from September 25 275, to June 276.

Contents

Biography

He was born in Interamna (Terni), in Italia. He circulated copies of the historian Gaius Cornelius Tacitus' work, which was barely read at the time, and so we perhaps have him to thank for the partial survival of Tacitus' work; however, modern historiography[1] rejects his claimed descent from the historian as forgery. In the course of his long life he discharged the duties of various civil offices, including that of consul in 273, with universal respect.

Emperor Tacitus on a coin. The reverse celebrates his victory over the Eastern tribes (VICTORIA GOTTHI).

After the assassination of Aurelian, he was chosen by the Senate to succeed him, and the choice was cordially ratified by the army. His first action was to move against the barbarian tribes that had been gathered by Aurelian for his Eastern campaign, and which had plundered the Eastern Roman provinces after Aurelian had been murdered and the campaign cancelled. His half-brother, the Praetorian Prefect Florianus, and Tacitus himself won a victory against these tribes, among which Heruli, which granted the emperor the title Gothicus Maximus.

Tacitus probably died of fever (according to Aurelius Victor, Eutropius and the Historia Augusta) - though Zosimus claims he was assassinated - at Tyana in Cappadocia in June 276.

References

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Primary sources

English version of Historia Augusta
  • Eutropius, Breviarium ab urbe condita, ix. 16
"…After him TACITUS succeeded to the throne; a man of excellent morals, and well qualified to govern the empire. He was unable, however, to show the world anything remarkable, being cut off by death in the sixth month of his reign..…"
English version of Breviarium ab Urbe Condita
English version of Epitome de Caesaribus
"After him, Tacitus took power, a man of singular character, who died at Tarsus from a fever in the two hundredth day of his reign."
English version of Historia Nova Book 1
Compendium extract: Alexander Severus to Diocletian: 222-284

Secondary sources

External links

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Aurelian
Roman Emperor
275–276
Succeeded by
Florianus

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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