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Margaret of Brieg: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Margaret of Brieg (1342-1386) was a daughter of Ludwik I the Fair and his wife, Agnes of Sagan. She was Duchess consort of Bavaria by her marriage to Albert I, Duke of Bavaria.

Contents

Family

Margaret was the eldest of six siblings, her brother was Henryk VIII with a Scar and her sister, Hedwig was married to Jan II of Oświęcim.

Margaret's maternal grandparents were Henry IV the Faithful and Matilde of Brandenburg. Her paternal grandparents were Bolesław III the Generous and his first wife Margaret of Bohemia.

Margaret was the youngest surviving child of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Judith of Habsburg. Judith was the youngest daughter of Rudolph I of Germany and Gertrude of Hohenburg.

Marriage

In Passau after July 19, 1353, Margaret and Albert were married. Albert always had mistresses and lovers, but during his reign, troubles erupted between parties because of a woman, Aleid van Poelgeest. People did not like her because she gained political influence which was resented. A few years after Margaret's death, Aleid was murdered in The Hague.

Even though Louis had mistresses and lovers, the couple still had seven children. All of these children lived to adulthood. This was very uncommon during the time, many offspring died in infancy and the mother may die during childbirth, but this did not happen to Margaret. Her children with Louis were:

  1. Katharina (c. 1361 – 1400, Hattem), married in Geertruidenberg in 1379 William I of Gelders and Jülich
  2. Johanna (c. 1362 – 1386), wife of Wenceslaus, King of the Romans
  3. Margaret (1363 – January 23, 1423, Dijon), married in Cambrai in 1385 John the Fearless
  4. William VI, Count of Holland (1365–1417)
  5. Albert II, Duke of Bavaria-Straubing (1369 – January 21, 1397, Kelheim)
  6. Joanna Sophia (c. 1373 – November 15, 1410, Vienna), married on June 15, 1395 Albert IV, Duke of Austria
  7. John, Count of Holland (1374/76 – 1425), Bishop of Liège

All of Margaret's daughter married into powerful royal families, one daughter, Johanna Sophia, was grandmother of Ladislaus the Posthumous and Elizabeth, Queen of Poland. Another daughter, also called Joanna, married Wenceslaus, King of the Romans, but they had no children.

Death

Margaret died in 1386, aged around forty four, she left her husband a widower. Albert remarried after the death of Margaret, he married another women named Margaret, but she was from the Duchy of Cleves. Albert's only legitimate children were from Margaret of Brieg, he had no issue by Margaret of Cleves, but they held court together in The Hague.

Ancestors

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry V the Fat
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bolesław III the Generous
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elisabeth of Greater Poland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ludwik I the Fair
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wenceslaus II of Bohemia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Margaret of Bohemia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Judith of Habsburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Margaret of Brieg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry III, Duke of Silesia-Glogau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry IV the Faithful
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Matilda of Brunswick-Lüneburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agnes of Głogów
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Herman, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Matilde of Brandenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anne of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 

Sources

Preceded by
Maud, Countess of Leicester
Duchess of Bavaria
19 July 1353 - 1386
Succeeded by
Margaret of Cleves

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