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Margrethe II
Queen of Denmark
Reign 14 January 1972 – present
&0000000000000038.00000038 years, &0000000000000063.00000063 days
Predecessor Frederick IX
Heir apparent Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark
Consort Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
Issue
Crown Prince Frederik
Prince Joachim
Full name
Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid
House House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Father Frederick IX of Denmark
Mother Ingrid of Sweden
Born 16 April 1940 (1940-04-16) (age 69)
Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen
Danish Royal Family
Royal Coat of Arms of Denmark.svg

HM The Queen
HRH The Prince Consort



Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid, sometimes anglicised as Margaret II) (born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant of Denmark. In 1972 she became the first female monarch of Denmark since Margaret I, ruler of the Scandinavian countries 1388-1412 during the Kalmar Union.

Contents

Early life

Princess Margrethe was born at Amalienborg Palace, to Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Ingrid. She was baptised on 14 May 1940. Since King Christian X was also the King of Iceland at the time, as a tribute to the people of Iceland, the Princess was given an Icelandic name, Þórhildur (spelled with the Icelandic thorn character, simplified as "th"). This middle name is sometimes anglicized as "Thorhildur."[1]

Margrethe has two younger sisters: Princess Benedikte (born 1944), who lives in Germany, and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece (born 1946), who lives in London.

The princess's godparents were King Christian X of Denmark, Prince Knud of Denmark, Prince Axel of Denmark, King Gustaf V of Sweden, Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, The Duke of Connaught.

Queen Margrethe II's official motto is: The Help of God, the Love of the People, the Strength of Denmark.

Heiress presumptive

Margrethe was not born to be Monarch. At the time of her birth, only males could ascend the throne of Denmark, owing to the changes in succession laws enacted in the 1850s when the Glücksburg branch was chosen to succeed. As she had no brothers, it was assumed that her uncle Knud would one day assume the throne.

The process of changing the constitution started in 1947, when it became clear that Queen Ingrid would have no more children. At this time, Margrethe's uncle Prince Knud was the Heir Presumptive, but the popularity of Frederik and his daughters and the more prominent role of women in Danish life started the complicated process of altering the constitution. That proposal had to be passed by two Parliaments in succession and then by a referendum, which was held on 27 March 1953. The new Act of Succession permitted female succession to the throne of Denmark, according to cognatic primogeniture, where a female can ascend to the throne only if she does not have a brother. Princess Margrethe therefore became the Heiress Presumptive.

On her eighteenth birthday, 16 April 1958, the Heiress Presumptive was given a seat in the Council of State, and the Princess subsequently chaired the meetings of the Council in the absence of the King.

Education and marriage

She studied prehistoric archaeology at Girton College, Cambridge during 1960–61, political science at Aarhus University between 1961–1962, at the Sorbonne in 1963, and at the London School of Economics in 1965.

On 10 June 1967, Princess Margrethe of Denmark married a French diplomat, Count Henri de Laborde de Monpezat, at the Naval Church of Copenhagen. Laborde de Monpezat received the style and title of "His Royal Highness Prince Henrik of Denmark" because of his new position as the spouse of the Heiress Presumptive to the Danish throne.

Reign

King Frederik IX died in 1972. On the occasion of her accession to the throne on 14 January 1972, Queen Margrethe II became the first female Danish Sovereign under the new Act of Succession.

In mid-1960, together with the Princesses of Sweden and Norway, she traveled to the United States, which included a visit to Los Angeles, California, and to the Paramount Studios, where they were met by several celebrities, including Dean Martin, Jerry Lewis and Elvis Presley. She is an accomplished artist and costume designer. She suffers from arthritis and has had both her knees replaced as a result.

In 2008 the Queen announced that her male-line descendants would bear the additional title of Count or Countess of Monpezat.

She is the 1,188th Dame of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Spain and the 961st Lady of the Order of the Garter.

Queen Margrethe II of Denmark in Vágur, Faroe Islands, 21 June 2005

Kinship with European counterparts

Belgium: King Albert II of Belgium and Queen Margrethe are both descendants of King Oscar II of Sweden. Albert is his great grandson and Margrethe is his great great granddaughter.

Liechtenstein: Prince Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein and Queen Margrethe are both descendants of King Maximilian I Josef of Bavaria. Hans-Adam is his great great great grandson and Margrethe is his great great great great granddaughter.

Luxembourg: Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg and Queen Margrethe are both descendants of King Frederik VIII of Denmark. Henri is his great great grandson and Margrethe is his great granddaughter.

Monaco: Prince Albert II of Monaco and Queen Margrethe are both descendants of Margrave Karl Ludwig of Baden. Albert is his great great great great great grandson and Margrethe is his great great great great great great granddaughter.

Netherlands: Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and Queen Margrethe are both descendants of Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Beatrix is his great granddaughter and Margrethe is his great great granddaughter.

Norway: King Harald V of Norway and Queen Margrethe are both great grandchildren of King Frederik VIII of Denmark.

Spain: King Juan Carlos of Spain and Queen Margrethe are both great great grandchildren of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Sweden: King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and Queen Margrethe are both grandchildren of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden.

United Kingdom: Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Queen Margrethe are both descendants of Queen Victoria of United Kingdom and King Christian IX of Denmark. Elizabeth and Margrethe are both great great granddaughters of Queen Victoria and King Christian IX of Denmark.

Constitutional role

After an election where the incumbent Prime Minister does not have a majority behind him, a “Dronningerunde” (Queen's meeting) between the chairmen of each of the Danish political parties attends a meeting with the monarch.

Each party has the choice of selecting a Royal Investigator to lead these negotiations or alternatively, give the incumbent Prime Minister the mandate to continue his government as is.

In theory each party could choose its own leader as Royal Investigator, the globalistic party Det Radikale Venstre did so in 2006, but often only one Royal Investigator is chosen plus the Prime Minister, before each election.

The leader who, at that meeting succeeds in securing a majority of the seats in the Folketing, is by royal decree charged with the task of forming a new government. (It has never happened in newer history that any party has held a majority on its own.)

Once the government has been formed, it is formally appointed by the Queen. Officially, it is the Queen who is the head of government, and she therefore presides over the Council of State, where the acts of legislation which have been passed by the parliament are signed into law.

The Queen's main tasks are to represent the Kingdom abroad and to be a unifying figurehead at home. The queen performs the latter task by accepting invitations to open exhibitions, attending anniversaries, inaugurating bridges, etc. As an unelected public official, the Queen takes no part in party politics and does not express any political opinions. In addition to her roles in her own country, the queen is also the Colonel-in-Chief of the Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires), an infantry regiment of the British Army, following a tradition in her family.

The Queen is an accomplished painter, and has held many art shows over the years. It is said that were she not the queen, she could make a living as a professional artist.[citation needed] Her illustrations—under the pseudonym Ingahild Grathmer—were used for the Danish edition of The Lord of the Rings published in 1977 and the re-issue in 2002. She is also an accomplished translator and is said to have participated in the Danish translation of The Lord of the Rings.[citation needed] She also designs some of her own clothes. Margrethe is a chain smoker, and she is famous for her tobacco habit. However, on 23 November 2006 the Danish newspaper B.T. reported an announcement from the Royal Court stating that the queen would never again be seen smoking in public. Still, the queen does continue to smoke but in the future she will do so only privately. The announcement is probably due to the fact that the Danish parliament recently has decided on strict rules concerning smoking.[2]

A statement in a 2005 authorized biography about the Queen (entitled Margrethe) focused on Islam: "We are being challenged by Islam these years. Globally as well as locally. There is something impressive about people for whom religion imbues their existence, from dusk to dawn, from cradle to grave. There are also Christians who feel this way. There is something endearing about people who give themselves up completely to their faith. But there is likewise something frightening about such a totality, which also is a feature of Islam. A counterbalance has to be found, and one has to, at times, run the risk of having unflattering labels placed on you. For there are some things for which one should display no tolerance. And when we are tolerant, we must know whether it is because of convenience or conviction."[3]

In her 1984 annual New Year's speech, the Queen of Denmark had cautioned the Danish people to remember to be kind and hospitable towards immigrants. The topics of tolerance, immigration and freedom of speech also featured in her 2006 speech.

Family

The Queen and The Prince Consort have two children and five grandchildren:

Ancestry

Monarchical styles of
Queen Margrethe II of Denmark
Royal Coat of Arms of Denmark.svg
Reference style Her Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Ma'am

Patrilineal descent

Margrethe's patriline is the line from which she is descended father to son. Patrilineal descent is the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations - which means that if Margrethe II were to choose an historically accurate house name it would be Oldenburg.

  1. Egilmar I of Lerigau, dates unknown
  2. Egilmar II of Lerigau, d. 1142
  3. Christian I of Oldenburg, d. 1167
  4. Moritz of Oldenburg, d. 1209
  5. Christian II of Oldenburg, d. 1233
  6. John I, Count of Oldenburg, d. 1275
  7. Christian III, Count of Oldenburg, d. 1285
  8. John II, Count of Oldenburg, d. 1314
  9. Conrad I, Count of Oldenburg, 1300–1347
  10. Christian V, Count of Oldenburg, 1340–1423
  11. Dietrich, Count of Oldenburg, 1398–1440
  12. Christian I of Denmark, 1426–1481
  13. Frederick I of Denmark, 1471–1533
  14. Christian III of Denmark, 1503–1559
  15. John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, 1545–1622
  16. Alexander, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg, 1573–1627
  17. August Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1612–1675
  18. Frederick Louis, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1653–1728
  19. Peter August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1696–1775
  20. Prince Karl Anton August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1727–1759
  21. Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, 1757–1816
  22. Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, 1785–1831
  23. Christian IX of Denmark, 1818–1906
  24. Frederick VIII of Denmark, 1843–1912
  25. Christian X of Denmark, 1870–1947
  26. Frederick IX of Denmark, 1899–1972
  27. Margrethe II of Denmark, b. 1940

See also

References

External links

Margrethe II
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 16 April 1940
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick IX
Queen of Denmark
1972 – present
Incumbent
Heir:
Crown Prince Frederik
British royalty
Preceded by
Carl Johan Bernadotte
Line of succession to the British Throne
219th position
Succeeded by
Frederik

Simple English

Margrethe II
Queen of Denmark
File:Queen Magrethe sep 7
Reign 14 January 1972 - Present
Born 16 April 1940 (1940-04-16) (age 70)
Birthplace Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen
Predecessor Frederik IX
Heir-Apparent Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark
Consort Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
Offspring Frederik, Joachim
Royal House House of Glücksburg
Royal motto Guds hjælp, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke
(The Help of God, the Love of the People, the Strength of Denmark)
Father Frederik IX
Mother Ingrid

Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid) (born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant of Denmark. Only very rarely is her name anglicized as Margaret II.

Early life

Princess Margrethe was born at Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen, to Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Ingrid. She was baptised on 14 May 1940 at the Naval Church in Copenhagen. As King Christian X of Denmark was also the King of Iceland at the time of her birth, the Princess was given an Icelandic name, Þórhildur (spelled with the Icelandic thorn character, simplified as "th").

Margrethe was not born to be monarch, even though she was the eldest child of the Crown Prince, later King. At the time of her birth, only males could ascend the throne of Denmark.

The act of succession was changed in 1953.

Her father king Frederik IX died in 1972, and Queen Margrethe II became the first female Danish Sovereign. [1]

Other websites

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Notes

  1. Queen Margrete I ruled Denmark, Norway and later also Sweden between 1387 and 1412. She was a Danish princess, who married the King of Norway, and thus became Queen. She had a baby boy, and when her husbond died, the little boy was formally chosen to be king of both Norway and Denmark. Because the new king was still very young, his mother, Queen Margrete ruled in his name. The young king died when he was 17 years old, but his mother continued to rule both countries, and from 1397 Sweden was added, and she became the ruler of all of Scandinavia. She was however never a Sovereign.








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