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Maria Anna of Austria: Wikis


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Maria Anna of Austria
Queen consort of Portugal
Spouse John V of Portugal
Barbara, Queen of Spain
Joseph I of Portugal
Peter III of Portugal
Full name
Maria Anna Josepha
Father Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
Born 7 September 1683(1683-09-07)
Flag of Austria.svg Linz
Died 14 August 1754 (aged 70)
Flag of Portugal.svg Lisbon

Maria Anna of Austria (7 September 1683 – 14 August 1754) was an Archduchess of Austria as the daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. She would become Queen consort and regent of Portugal by her marriage to John V of Portugal.



Born Maria Anna Josepha, she was a daughter of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg. Maria Anna was a sister of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor and Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor. Through her brother Charles, she was an aunt of Maria Theresa, Austria's first queen regnant.

Marriage and children

On 27 October 1708 she married her cousin John V of Portugal and became thus Queen consort of Portugal. She was the mother of six children:

  • Barbara, Queen of Spain (December 4, 1711 - August 27, 1758). Married to Ferdinand VI of Spain.
  • Peter (October 19, 1712 - October 29, 1714). Prince of Brazil and 14th Duke of Braganza
  • Joseph I of Portugal (June 6, 1714 - February 24, 1777)
  • Charles (May 2, 1716 - March 30, 1730)
  • Peter III of Portugal (July 5, 1717 - May 25, 1786). Married his niece Maria I of Portugal.
  • Alexander (September 24, 1723 - August 2, 1728)


In 1742 Maria Anna took over power as regent after John V suffered a stroke, which left him partially paralyzed. When John V died on 31 July 1750 she gave up power to their eldest son Joseph I of Portugal.

After her death, she was buried in Lisbon, but her heart was brought to Vienna and buried there in the imperial crypt.

In Culture

Maria Anna, along with her husband and children, is a central character in José Saramago's novel Baltasar and Blimunda.


Preceded by
Maria Sofia of the Palatinate
Queen Consort of Portugal
27 October 1708 – 31 July 1750
Succeeded by
Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain

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