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Maria Josepha of Austria
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Electress consort of Saxony
Tenure 1734 – 5 October 1763
Coronation 17 January 1734
Wawel Cathedral, Kraków
Spouse Augustus III of Poland
Issue
Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
Maria Amalia, Queen of Spain
Maria Anna Sophia, Electress of Bavaria
Prince Franz Xavier
Maria Josepha, Dauphine of France
Carl, Duke of Courland
Maria Christina, Princess-Abbess of Remiremont
Albert, Duke of Teschen
Clemens Wenceslaus, Archbishop of Trier
Princess Maria Kunigunde, Princess-Abbess of Thorn and Essen
House House of Wettin
House of Habsburg
Father Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
Born 8 December 1699
Vienna, Austria
Died 17 November 1757
Dresden, Saxony
Burial Catholic Court Church, Dresden

Maria Josepha of Austria or Marie Josefa (German: Maria Josepha von Habsburg, Erzherzogin von Österreich, Polish: Maria Józefa Habsburżanka); (Vienna, 8 December 1699 – 17 November 1757 in Dresden) was Archduchess of Austria; after her marriage, Electress of Saxony and Queen of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Contents

Family

She was born an Archduchess of Austria as the eldest child of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Princess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. During the reign of her grandfather, Maria Josepha's father and uncle signed the decree which made the eldest daughter of Joseph I heiress of the Habsburg dominions provided that both he and his younger brother fail to have sons. However, during the reign of their uncle Charles VI, Maria Josepha and her sister were excluded from the Habsburg succession in favour of their cousin Maria Theresa by the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713.

Marriage and issue

Maria Josepha

On 20 August 1719, Maria Josepha married Frederick Augustus II, Elector of Saxony (1733-1763), who became King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth as August III the Saxon. Through this marriage between the Houses of Wettin and Habsburg, Frederick Augustus II's father, August II the Strong, hoped to place Saxony in a better position should there arise a war of succession to the Austrian territories. The couple's eldest surviving son, Frederick Christian, eventually succeeded his father as Elector of Saxony.

The children of Maria Josepha and August were:

  1. Friedrich August (1720-1721);
  2. Joseph (1721-1728);
  3. Frederick Christian (1722-1763), Elector of Saxony;
  4. Maria Amalia Christina (1724-1760), who married Charles III of Spain;
  5. Maria Margaretha (1727-1734);
  6. Maria Anna Sophia (1728-1797), who married Maximilian III, Elector of Bavaria;
  7. Franz Xavier (1730-1806), Regent of Saxony, 1763 – 1768;
  8. Marie-Josèphe (1731-1767), who married Louis, Dauphin of France (1729-1765), son of King Louis XV of France (1710-1774), and became the mother of Louis XVI of France;
  9. Carl Christian (1733-1796), Duke of Courland;
  10. Christina (1735-1782), Reigning Abbess of Remiremont;
  11. Maria Elisabeth Apollonia (1736-1818);
  12. Albert Kasimir August (1738-1822);
  13. Clemens Wenzeslaus (1739-1812), Elector and Archbishop of Trier; and
  14. Maria Kunigunde (1740-1826) Reigning Abbess of Thorn and Essen.

She was buried in the Wettin vault of the Katholische Hofkirche ("Catholic Court Church") in Dresden.

Ancestry

External links

Maria Josepha of Austria
Born: 8 December 1699 Died: 17 November 1757
Royal titles
Preceded by
Katarzyna Opalińska
Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania

1734-1757
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Electress of Saxony
1733 - 1757
Succeeded by
Maria Antonia of Bavaria
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