Maria of Brabant: Wikis


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Marie de Brabant
Queen consort of France
Tenure 21 August 1274 – 5 October 1285
Spouse Philip III of France
Issue
Louis d'Évreux
Blanche, Duchess of Austria
Marguerite, Queen of England
House House of Brabant
House of Capet
Father Henry III, Duke of Brabant
Mother Adelaide of Burgundy
Born 13 May 1254(1254-05-13)
Leuven
Died 10 January 1321 (aged 66)
Les Mureaux, France
Burial Cordeliers Convent, Paris
Maria, at her coronation

Marie of Brabant (French: Marie de Brabant; 13 May 1254 – 10 January 1321) was Queen consort of France.

Marie was born in Leuven, Brabant. She was a daughter of Henry III, Duke of Brabant, and Adelaide of Burgundy, daughter of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy.

Contents

Family

Marie's paternal grandparents were Henry II, Duke of Brabant, and his wife Marie of Hohenstaufen. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy, and his first wife Yolande of Dreux. Marie's siblings included Henry IV, Duke of Brabant, and John I, Duke of Brabant.

Marriage

Marie married on 24 June 1275, to Philip III of France. This was Philip's second marriage, after the death of his first wife, Isabella of Aragon. Isabella had already given birth to three surviving sons: Louis, Philip and Charles.

Philip was under the strong influence of his mother, the dowager Queen of France, Margaret of Provence and his minion, surgeon and chamberlain (Chambellan) Pierre de La Broce (or Pierre de Brosse). Not being French, Marie stood out at the French court.

In 1276, Philip's son and heir, Louis died, under suspicious circumstances. Marie was suspected of ordering him to be poisoned. La Brosse, who was also suspected, was imprisoned and later executed for the murder. Margaret suspected Marie of ordering the death of Louis and Philip did seem to agree more with his mother than his wife.

After the death of Philip III in 1285, Marie lost her political influence, and dedicated her life to her three children. Her stepson, Philip was crowned king of France, as Philip IV, on 6 January 1286 in Reims. Marie lived right through Philip IV's reign and she had outlived all three children.

Children

Marie and Philip had three children:

  1. Louis (May 1276 – 19 May 1319), Count of Évreux
  2. Blanche (1278 – 19 March 1305, Vienna), married Rudolf III of Austria on 25 May 1300
  3. Margaret (1282 – 14 February 1317), married Edward I of England

Death

Marie died in 1321, aged sixty one, in the monastery at Les Mureaux, near Meulan, where she had withdrawn to in 1316. Marie wasn't buried in royal necropolis of Basilica of Saint-Denis, but in the Cordeliers Convent, in Paris. Destroyed in a fire in 1580, the church was rebuilt in the following years.

Ancestors

Maria's ancestors in three generations
Marie of Brabant Father:
Henry III, Duke of Brabant
Paternal Grandfather:
Henry II, Duke of Brabant
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry I, Duke of Brabant
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Mathilde of Flanders
Paternal Grandmother:
Marie of Hohenstaufen
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Philip of Swabia
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Irene Angelina
Mother:
Adelaide of Burgundy
Maternal Grandfather:
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Eudes III, Duke of Burgundy
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Theresa of Portugal
Maternal Grandmother:
Yolanda of Dreux
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Robert III of Dreux
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Aénor of Saint-Valéry

See also

Sources

French royalty
Preceded by
Isabella of Aragon
Queen consort of France
1274–1285
Succeeded by
Jeanne de Navarre

Maria of Brabant
Queen consort of France

File:Marie of
Tenure 21 August 1274 – 5 October 1285
Spouse Philip III of France
Issue
Louis d'Évreux
Blanche, Duchess of Austria
Marguerite, Queen of England
House House of Brabant
House of Capet
Father Henry III, Duke of Brabant
Mother Adelaide of Burgundy
Born 13 May 1254(1254-05-13)
Leuven
Died 10 January 1321 (aged 66)
Murel
Burial Cordeliers Convent, Paris

Maria of Brabant (13 May 1254, Leuven – 10 January, 1321, Murel), Queen consort of France.

She was a daughter of Henry III, Duke of Brabant and Adelaide of Burgundy, daughter of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy.

Contents

Family

Maria's paternal grandparents were Henry II, Duke of Brabant and his wife Marie of Hohenstaufen. Her maternal grandparents were Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy and his first wife Yolanda of Dreux.

Maria's siblings included Henry IV, Duke of Brabant and John I, Duke of Brabant. Maria neice was Margaret of Brabant, mother of John of Bohemia, Beatrice, Queen of Hungary and one of Maria's successors, Maria, Queen of France.

Marriage

Maria married on 24th June 1275, to Philip III of France. This was Philip's second marriage, after the death of his first wife, Isabella of Aragon. Isabella had already given birth to three surviving sons: Louis, Philip and Charles.

Philip was under the strong influence of his mother, the dowager Queen of France, Marguerite of Provence and his minion, surgeon and chamberlain (Chambellan) Pierre de La Brosse (La La Broce or Brou). Maria stood out at the French court, not being French herself.

In 1276, Philip's son and heir, Louis died, under suspicious circumstances. Maria was suspected of ordering the poisoning of Louis, La Brosse was also suspected. La Brosse was imprisoned and later executed for the murder. Marguerite suspected Maria of ordering the death of Louis and Philip did seem to agree more with his mother than his wife.

Philip III died in 1285, Maria lost her political influence so dedicated her life to her three children. Maria stepson, Philip became King of France and was crowned King 6 January 1286 in Reims. Maria lived right through Philip IV's reign and she had outlived all three children.

Children

Maria and Philip had three children:

  1. Louis (May 1276 – May 19, 1319), Count of Évreux
  2. Blanche (1278 – March 19, 1305, Vienna), married Rudolf III of Austria on May 25, 1300
  3. Marguerite (1282 – February 14, 1317), married Edward I of England

Death

Maria died in 1321, aged sixty one, in the monastery of Meulan where she had withdrawn to in 1316. Maria wasn't buried in Basilica of Saint-Denis, where most other members of the French royal family were buried, instead she was buried in the Cordeliers Convent, in Paris. The church was destroyed in a fire in 1580.

Ancestors

Maria's ancestors in three generations
Maria of Brabant Father:
Henry III, Duke of Brabant
Paternal Grandfather:
Henry II, Duke of Brabant
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Henry I, Duke of Brabant
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Mathilde of Flanders
Paternal Grandmother:
Marie of Hohenstaufen
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Philip of Swabia
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Irene Angelina
Mother:
Adelaide of Burgundy
Maternal Grandfather:
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Eudes III, Duke of Burgundy
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Theresa of Portugal
Maternal Grandmother:
Yolanda of Dreux
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Robert III of Dreux
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Aénor of Saint-Valéry

See also

Sources

Template:Start box |- ! colspan="3" style="background: #65BCFF" | French royalty |- style="text-align: center;" |- style="text-align:center;" |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"|Preceded by
Isabella of Aragon |width="40%" style="text-align: center;" rowspan="1"|Queen consort of France
12741285 |width="30%" align="center" rowspan="1"| Succeeded by
Jeanne de Navarre |- Template:End box








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