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Marie Louise Coidavid
Queen consort of Haiti
Reign 1811-1820
Spouse Henri I of Haiti
Issue
François Ferdinand (born 1794), Françoise-Améthyste (d.1831), Athénaïs (d.1838) and Victor-Henri.
Born 1778
Died 1851
Italy

Marie Louise Coidavid, as married Christophe, (1778-1851), was the Queen of the Kingdom of Haiti 1811-20 as the spouse of Henri I of Haiti.

Contents

Early life

Marie-Louise was born of black but free parents: her father was the owner of a hotel, Hotel de la Couronne. She married Henri Christophe in Cap-Francais in 1793. They had four children: François Ferdinand (born 1794), Françoise-Améthyste (d.1831), Athénaïs (d.1838) and Victor-Henri.

At her spouse's new position in 1798, she was moved to a palace in Cap. During the French invasion, she and her children lived underground until 1803.

Queen

In 1811, Marie-Louise was given the title of queen upon the creation of the Kingdom of Haiti. Her new status was gave her ceremonial tasks to perform, ladies-in-waiting, a secretary and her own court, and she was an active queen. She took her position seriously, and stated that the title "given to her by the nation" also gave her responsibilities and duties to perform. She served as the hostess of the ceremonial royal court life performed at the Sans-Souci Palace.

After the death of her spouse in 1820, she remained with her daughters at the palace until they were escorted from it by the followers of her spouse together with his corpse, after which the palace was plundered. They were given the property Lambert outside Cap. She was visited by president Boyer, who offered her his protection; he denied the spurs of gold she gave him, stating that he was the leader of a poor people. They were allowed to settle in Port-au-Prince. Marie-Louise was described as calm and resigned, but her daughters, especially Athenais, as vengefull.

Exile

In August 1821, the former queen left Haiti with her daughters under the protection of the British admiral Sir Home Popham, and travelled to London. There were rumours that she was searching for the money, three million, deposited by her spouse in Europe. Whatever the case, she did live the rest of her life without economic difficulties.

Marie Louise lived the rest of her life discreetly with her daughters in Pisa in Italy, where they were somewhat bothered by fortune hunters and throne claimers who wanted their fortune. They made a grand visit to Rome in 1828. Shortly before her death, she wrote to Haiti for permission to return. She never did, however, before she died in Italy.

See also

Links and references

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