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Marie of Prussia
Queen of Bavaria
Portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler
Queen consort of Bavaria
Tenure 28 March 1848 – 10 March 1864
Spouse King Maximilian II of Bavaria
House House of Hohenzollern
House of Wittelsbach
Father Prince Wilhelm of Prussia
Mother Princess Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg
Born October 15, 1825(1825-10-15)
Berlin City Palace
Died May 17, 1889 (aged 63)
Hohenschwangau Castle, Bavaria
Burial Theatine Church

Marie of Prussia (German: Marie Friederike Franziska Hedwig von Preußen; October 15, 1825 - May 17, 1889) was Queen of Bavaria, and the mother of kings Ludwig II and Otto.



Born and raised in Berlin, she was the daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia, a younger brother of King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia, and his wife Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg. On October 12, 1842, she married the Crown Prince, and later King of Bavaria, Maximilian II.

Marie was loved equally by both the Evangelical and Roman Catholic populations. (At that time, Prussia was mostly Lutheran, whilst Bavaria was mostly Roman Catholic.) A specific emphasis of her 'great social engagement' was a reactivation of the Bavarian Women's Association, which took place on December 18, 1869 with the aid of her son, Ludwig II. Its aim was "Pflege und Unterstützung der im Felde verwundeten und erkrankten Krieger" (Care and support of soldiers wounded and injured in the field). The Bavarian Red Cross was officially founded as a result of the Bavarian Women's Association. The Red Cross eventually took over for the Queen.

With the sudden death of Maximilian II on March 10, 1864, Marie became a widow. On October 12, 1874, she converted to Roman Catholicism.

In later years, she lived a secluded existence at her country estate in Elbigenalp in the Lechtal Alps and at Schloss Hohenschwangau near Füssen. Marie outlived her elder son, Ludwig II, by several years. He died on June 13, 1886. Marie died in 1889 in Hohenschwangau.

She is interred in the Theatinerkirche in a side chapel opposite her husband.


Name Birth Death Notes
Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm 25 August 1846 13 June 1886 succeeded as King of Bavaria
declared mentally incompetent and deposed on 10 June 1886
died under disputed circumstances
Otto Wilhelm Luitpold Adalbert Waldemar 27 April 1848 11 October 1916 succeeded as King of Bavaria
declared mentally incompetent and deposed on 5 November 1913

Titles, styles, honours and arms




8 Augustus William of Prussia
4 Frederick William II of Prussia
9 Louise Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2 Wilhelm of Prussia
10 Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
5 Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
11 Karoline of Zweibrücken
1 Marie of Prussia
12 Friedrich IV Karl, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
6 Friedrich V Ludwig, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
13 Ulrike Luise of Solms-Braunfels
3 Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg
14=10 Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
7 Karoline of Hesse-Darmstadt
15=11 Karoline of Zweibrücken


This article was translated from the article on the German Wikipedia on December 21, 2005.

Marie of Prussia
Born: 15 October 1825 Died: 17 May 1889
German royalty
Preceded by
Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Queen consort of Bavaria
28 March 1848 – 10 March 1864
Title next held by
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este


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