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Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch
IUCN Category II (National Park)

Location Map
Location Jamnagar District, Gujarat, India
Nearest city Okha
Area 162.89 km²
Established 1982
Governing body Forest Department of Gujarat

Marine National Park in the Gulf of Kutch is situated on the southern shore of the Gulf of Kachchh in the Jamnagar District of Gujarat state, India. In 1990, an area of 270 km2. from Okha to Jodiya was declared Marine Sanctuary. Later, in 1982, a core area of 110 km2 was declared Marine National Park under the provisions of the Wildlife (protection) Act, 1972 of India. It is the first national marine park of India. There are 30 to 40 islands on the Jamnagar coast in the Marine National Park, all surrounded by reefs. The best known islands are Pirotan and Karubhar.[1] Among the fauna found here include: coral, dugong and the finless porpoise.

Biodiversity and Conservation challenges

Marine National Park of Gulf of Kachchh is a fragile ecosystem. In recent years, biodiversity of marine park has been under threat on several scores like extraction of corals and sands by cement industries, increased turbidity of water, oil refineries, chemical industries and mechanised fishing boats.[1]

Biodiveristy [1]
Particulars Species Diversity
Algae 108
Corals (Hard and soft) 56
Sponges 70
Fishes 200
Prawns 27
Crabs 30
Molluscs 400+
Turtles 3
Sea snakes 3
Birds 175
Mammals 3

Notes and References

  1. ^ a b c Apte, Deepak. Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutchh: A conservation challenge. Bombay Natural History Society. pp. 26–27. http://www.bnhs.org/bo/documents/GulfofKutch.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-22.  

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