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For the United States Marine Corps Reserve see: Marine Forces Reserve

A marine reserve is an area of the sea which has legal protection against fishing or development. This is to be distinguished from a marine park, but there is some overlap in usage. As of April 2008 there are no high seas marine reserves, but Greenpeace is campaigning for the "doughnut holes" of the western pacific to be declared as marine reserves. [1] They are campaigning for 40 percent of the world’s oceans to be protected as Marine Reserves. [2]

Contents

By country

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Australia

New Zealand

New Zealand has over thirty marine reserves spread around the North and South Islands and two other outlying islands. These are 'no take' areas where all forms of exploitation are prohibited. Marine reserves are administered by the Department of Conservation.

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Pacific Commons -- first high seas marine reserve?" (HTML). Greenpeace Australia Pacific. 2007. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/oceans/marine-reserves/pacific-tuna-need-marine-reserves. Retrieved 2008-04-27. "The Western and Central Pacific Ocean is the world's largest tuna fishery. Over half of the tuna consumed worldwide is taken from this area. Rampant overfishing is destroying this fishery; relatively healthy just a few years ago. Today, two key Pacific species, Bigeye and Yellowfin could face collapse unless urgent action is taken." 
  2. ^ "Marine reserves" (HTML). Greenpeace Australia Pacific. 2007. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/oceans/marine-reserves. Retrieved 2008-04-27. "A growing body of scientific evidence that demonstrates what we at Greenpeace have been saying for a long time: that the establishment of large-scale networks of marine reserves, urgently needed to protect marine species and their habitats, could be key to reversing global fisheries decline." 

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