Marion Barry: Wikis

  
  

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Marion Barry


Member of the DC City Council for the 8th Ward
Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 2, 2005
Preceded by Sandy Allen (D.C. Council)

In office
January 2, 1979 – January 2, 1991
Preceded by Walter Washington
Succeeded by Sharon Pratt Kelly

In office
January 2, 1995 – January 2, 1999
Preceded by Sharon Pratt Kelly
Succeeded by Anthony A. Williams

Born March 6, 1936 (1936-03-06) (age 73)
Itta Bena, Mississippi
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Blantie Evans (married 1962, divorced 1964)
Mary M. Treadwell (married 1972, divorced 1977)
Effi Slaughter (married 1978, divorced 1993)
Cora Masters (married 1994)
Children Christopher Barry
Tamara Masters Wilds (stepdaughter)
Lalanya Masters Abner (stepdaughter)
Alma mater Fisk University
Profession Investment banking consultant; Ward 8 representative, Council of the District of Columbia
Religion Baptist
Website dccouncil.us/barry/

Marion Shepilov Barry, Jr. (born March 6, 1936) is an American Democratic politician who served as the second elected mayor of Washington, D.C. from 1979 to 1991, and again as the fourth mayor from 1995 to 1999. In the 1960's he was involved in the Civil Rights Movement and served as the first president of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

As Mayor of Washington D.C., Barry was the target of a high-profile 1990 arrest on drug charges, which precluded him from seeking reelection that year. After he was convicted of the charges, Barry served six months in a federal prison, but was elected to the D.C. city council in 1992 and ultimately returned to the mayoralty in 1994, serving from 1995 to 1999. Today, Barry again serves on the city council, representing Ward 8, which comprises Anacostia, Congress Heights, Washington Highlands, and other neighborhoods.

Contents

Early life and activism

Marion Barry was born in Itta Bena, Mississippi, the third of ten children.[1][2] His father died when he was four years old, and a year later his mother moved the family to Memphis, Tennessee.[2] He had a number of jobs as a child, including picking cotton, delivering and selling newspapers, and bagging groceries.[2] While in high school, Barry worked as a waiter at the American Legion post and at the Boy Scouts earned the rank of Eagle Scout.[2][3]

Barry attended LeMoyne College (now LeMoyne-Owen College), graduating in 1958.[1] While at LeMoyne, his ardent support of the civil rights movement earned him the nickname "Shep", in reference to Soviet propagandist Dmitri Shepilov.[1] Barry began using Shepilov as his middle name.[1] In 1958 at LeMoyne, he criticized a college trustee for remarks he felt were demeaning to African Americans, which nearly caused his expulsion.[2]

Barry also earned a Masters of Science in organic chemistry from Fisk University[1] in 1960. Barry is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha, the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity founded by African Americans. After graduating from Fisk, Barry joined the American civil rights movement, focusing on the elimination of the racial segregation of bus passengers. He was elected the first chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Barry began a doctoral program at the University of Kansas, but he quit the program when white parents opposed him tutoring their children.[2] He began doctoral chemistry studies at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, the only African American in the class.[2] There too he was prohibited from tutoring white children, and his wife was not allowed to work at the school.[2] He quit the program in favor of his new duties at SNCC. During his time leading SNCC, Barry led protests against racial segregation and discrimination.[2]

In 1965, Barry moved to Washington, D.C. to open a local chapter of SNCC, where he was heavily involved in coordinating peaceful street demonstrations as well as a boycott to protest bus fare increases.[3] He also served as the leader of the Free D.C. Movement, strongly supporting increased home rule for the District.[3][4] Barry quit SNCC in 1967, when H. Rap Brown became chairman of the group.[3] Two years later, Barry and Mary Treadwell cofounded Pride, Inc., a federally funded program to provide job training to unemployed black men.[2] Barry and Treadwell married in 1972, and separated five years later.[2]

Marion Barry married Effi Slaughter, his third wife, just before his first mayoral victory in 1978. The couple had one son, Christopher Barry. The Barrys divorced in 1993, but she returned to Washington and supported him in his successful bid for a city council seat in 2004. Effi died on September 6, 2007, after an 18-month battle with acute myeloid leukemia.[5][6]

Barry's mother, Mattie Cummings, died at age 92 in Memphis on November 8, 2009.

Political career

Elected to the school board in 1972,[1] Barry served on the first city school board to implement school board elections. He served as Board president during his tenure. Upon establishment of Washington's Home Rule in 1974, he was elected an at-large member of Washington's first elected city council, and while serving as a council member became chair of the District of Columbia Committee on Finance and Revenue.

While serving on the D.C. city council, Barry was shot on March 9, 1977, by radical Hanafi Muslim terrorists (from a breakaway sect of the Nation of Islam) when they overran the District Building.[2] Barry was shot near his heart during the two-day 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege in which hostages were held by the terrorists and which was finally defused by the FBI and Muslim ambassadors.

Having credentials as an activist, legislator, "hero" in a hostage crisis, and with an early endorsement from the Washington Post, Barry followed in Washington's mayoralty when its first elected mayor, Walter Washington, fell out of political favor in the 1978 election. Barry was elected mayor, defeating rivals Mayor Washington and council chairman Sterling Tucker by a nearly 3-to-1 ratio.[7] He was only the second person elected to the position. Democrat Barry was elected to three consecutive terms as mayor, holding the position for over a decade until his arrest on drug charges in 1990.

After his arrest and through his trial, Barry continued as mayor and even ran as an independent for an at-large seat on the council against 13-year incumbent Hilda Mason.[8] Mason, a former ally who had helped Barry recuperate after the 1977 shooting, took the challenge personally, saying, "I do feel very disappointed in my grandson Marion Barry."[9] Mason was endorsed by a majority of the council members[10] and by Jesse Jackson, who was running for shadow senator.[11] Barry was sentenced to six months in prison shortly before the November election,[12] which he lost, despite doing well among the voters of Ward 8.[13] His wife and son moved out of the house later that month.[14]

After being released from prison, Barry was successful in his 1992 bid for the Ward 8 city council seat, running under the slogan "He May Not Be Perfect, But He's Perfect for D.C." He defeated the four-term incumbent, Wilhelmina Rolark, in the Democratic primary, winning 70 percent of the vote, saying he was "not interested in being mayor",[15] and went on to win the general election easily.

Barry ran again for mayor in 1994 and won, returning to the office for his fourth term. In 1995, soon after his election, Barry was successfully treated for prostate cancer at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore.[16]

From 1995 to 2001, the federal government instituted a financial control board that deprived Barry and his successor as mayor of power to allocate and manage funds for city projects. Barry did not run for a fifth term in office. He was succeeded by Anthony A. Williams, the city's former Chief Financial Officer. After leaving office, Barry performed consulting work for an investment banking firm.

On March 6, 2002, Barry declared his intention to challenge at-large council member Phil Mendelson in the Democratic primary.[17] Within a month, he decided against running, after an incident in which U.S. Park Police found traces of marijuana and cocaine in his car.[18]

On June 12, 2004, Barry announced that he was running in the Democratic primary for the Ward 8 council seat, a position he held before becoming mayor. Barry received 58% of the vote, defeating the incumbent council member, Sandy Allen, on September 14, 2004.[19] Barry received 95% of the vote in the general election, giving him a victory in the race to represent Ward 8 in the Council.[20]

During the 2006 mayoral election, Barry endorsed Adrian Fenty despite Linda Cropp hiring many members of Barry's former political machine. Recently, however, Barry has publicly clashed with Fenty over DC United's proposed soccer stadium in Barry's Ward 8. Barry is the stadium's most outspoken supporter on the council, whereas Fenty has attempted to distance himself from his initial support for the project.[21]

In July 2007, Marion Barry was chosen as one of fifty wax statues to debut in the Washington D.C. franchise of Madame Tussauds Wax Museum. Barry was chosen by a majority of Washington residents and tourists from Tussauds' "Top 10 Wish List," in a contest that pitted him against Cal Ripken, Al Gore, Denzel Washington, Carl Bernstein, Halle Berry, Martin Sheen, Marilyn Monroe, Nancy Reagan and Oprah Winfrey.[22]

Barry ran for reelection in 2008 and easily held off all five challengers in the Democratic primary: Ahmad Braxton-Jones, Howard Brown, Chanda McMahan, Sandra Seegars and Charles Wilson.[23] No Republican or Statehood Green candidates filed to run in the Ward 8 council race.

Legal problems

1990 trial

Barry captured on a surveillance camera smoking crack cocaine during a sting operation by the FBI and D.C. Police.

On January 18, 1990, Barry was arrested with a former girlfriend, Hazel "Rasheeda" Moore, in a sting operation at the Vista Hotel by the FBI and D.C. Police for crack cocaine use and possession. The incident was widely broadcast on television, showing an enraged Barry excoriating Moore, who had become an FBI informant. The outburst, in which Barry muttered, in part, "Bitch set me up," became a popular quote associated with Barry.[24]

Barry was charged with three felony counts of perjury, 10 counts of misdemeanor drug possession, and one misdemeanor count of conspiracy to possess cocaine. The criminal trial ended in October 1990 with a conviction for only one possession incident, which had occurred in November 1989, and an acquittal on another. The jury hung on the remaining charges. Six or seven jurors (of whom two were white and the rest black) believed that the evidence against Barry was overwhelming and that he had displayed "arrogance" during the trial. Against these, five black jurors were convinced that the prosecution had falsified evidence and testimony as part of a racist conspiracy against Barry, and even disputed factual findings that had not been contested in court.[25][26] After scolding the jurors for not following his instructions, the judge declared a mistrial on the remaining charges.

As a result of his arrest and the ensuing trial, Barry decided not to seek reelection as mayor.[27] In the midst of his campaign for a city council seat, Barry was sentenced to a six-month federal prison term in October 1991.[28]

Failures to file tax returns and pay taxes

On October 28, 2005, Barry pleaded guilty to the misdemeanor charges stemming from an IRS investigation. The mandatory drug testing for the hearing, showed Barry as being positive for cocaine and marijuana. On March 9, 2006, he was sentenced to three years probation for misdemeanor charges of failing to pay federal and local taxes, and underwent drug counseling.[29][30]

In 2007, federal prosecutors sought to have his probation revoked for failure to file his 2005 tax return. U.S. Magistrate Judge Deborah Robinson refused, saying that prosecutors had not proved that the failure was willful, even if Barry was aware he had missed the deadline.[31] According to Judge Robinson, sentencing Barry to jail without proving that he willfully failed to file his taxes would contradict precedent set by the United States Supreme Court.[31]

On February 9, 2009, prosecutors filed a motion in federal court to revoke Barry's probation for not filing his 2007 tax return, which violated his probation.[32][33] According to one prosecutor, Barry has not filed his taxes eight of the last nine years.[34] In an interview with Bruce Johnson of Channel 9 News, Barry said he has been undergoing four-hour dialyses three times a week as treatment for a problem with his kidney.[35][35][36] At that point, a kidney donor had been identified, but the operation had yet to be scheduled.[35] Barry said the reason he did not file his taxes is because of distractions from his medical problem, although he noted that there is "no excuse" for not filing.[36] If the presiding judge approves the prosecutors' motion, Barry's probation could be extended by two years or he could be sentenced to several months in jail.[33][37] On February 17, WTOP-FM reported that, according to Barry's attorney, Barry had filed his federal and District tax returns for 2007.[38] The same day, Barry was admitted to Howard University Hospital to prepare for a kidney transplant the next day.[39] On February 23, prosecutors filed a motion to order Barry to appear in court on April 2,[40] which the judge approved.[41] Barry was released from the hospital on February 27,[42] but he was readmitted on March 2 due to large amounts of air in his abdominal cavity and also due to Barry's complaints of serious pains,[43] both of which were caused by the combination of medications Barry was taking after the operation.[44] Barry was released from the hospital on March 6.[45]

Alleged traffic violations

On September 10, 2006, Barry was stopped by Secret Service Uniformed Division police officers after stopping at a green light and running a red light.[46][47] According to a Secret Service spokesman, the police officers pulled over his car, smelled alcohol, and administered a field sobriety test.[46] Barry was then taken to the U.S. Capitol Police station for a breathalyzer test.[46] The Secret Service said that the Breathalyzer test did not give an accurate reading, but Barry later said that it gave a successful reading of 0.02%, which is less than the legal limit of 0.08%.[46] The police officers asked Barry to give a urine analysis, which Barry refused.[46] The officers gave Barry a ticket for running a red light and failing to submit to a urine analysis.[46] He was also charged with driving an unregistered vehicle and misuse of temporary tags.[48] Barry pled not guilty to the charges.[49] Prosecutors offered Barry a deal to drop the charge of driving under the influence in exchange for a guilty plea from Barry; he declined.[50] A judge found him not guilty of the charges.[48]

On December 16, 2006, the Park Police pulled over Barry for driving too slowly, which Barry later said was because he was trying to figure out where to enter an elementary school's parking lot for a nonprofit foundation's event.[51] After looking up Barry's record, the police officer told Barry that his license had been suspended and ticketed Barry for operating a vehicle on a suspended license, despite Barry's insistence to the contrary.[51] Two days later, the D.C. Department of Motor Vehicles confirmed that Barry's license had not actually been suspended and said a computer glitch must have caused the error.[52]

Alleged stalking

On July 4, 2009, Barry was taken into custody by the Park Police after political consultant Donna Watts-Brighthaupt, his ex-girlfriend, claimed he was stalking her.[53] Barry was arrested and charged with "misdemeanor stalking". Following an interview with authorities, he was released on citation and told he must appear before the Superior Court of the District of Columbia on July 9.[54][55] However, all charges were dropped on July 8.[56]

Vote on gay marriage

In May 2009, Barry voted against a bill committing Washington, D.C. to recognize same-sex marriages performed elsewhere, the only dissenting vote in a 12-1 sweep. Barry said he could not vote for the bill because it "goes against my moral compass".[57][58] During his 2008 reelection campaign, Barry told members of the Gertrude Stein Democratic Club, the city's largest LGBT political group, "I don’t think you should make [supporting the bill] a litmus test. But if a bill like that were to come up, I would vote for it."[59] Following his May 2009 vote against recognizing gay marriages, Barry was criticized for what activists believed to be an apparent flip-flop.[57] Councilman Phil Mendelson said he was surprised by the vote because Barry had signed on as a co-introducer of the marriage bill.[57] Barry said his position had not changed and warned that the council needed to move slowly on this issue. Citing his belief that the local African American community is overwhelmingly opposed to gay marriage, "All hell is going to break loose", Barry said. "We may have a civil war. The black community is just adamant against this."[57][58]

Electoral history

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Janofsky, Michael (September 14, 1994). "The 1994 Campaign: The Comeback Man in the News: From Disgrace to 'Amazing Grace': Marion Shepilov Barry Jr.". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D02E3DC153BF937A2575AC0A962958260.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Brisbane, Arthur S. (April 26, 1987). "Marion Barry Just Wants to Be Loved". The Washington Post: p. W20. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/local/longterm/library/dc/barry/87prof.htm.  
  3. ^ a b c d Coleman, Milton (January 2, 1979). "Marion Barry: The Activist Denies He's Changed". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/local/longterm/library/dc/barry/79change.htm.  
  4. ^ Morgan, Dan (July 25, 1966). "Barry Finds Home Rule a Frustrating Battle". The Washington Post: p. B1. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A47599-2004Jul13.html.  
  5. ^ "Former D.C. First Lady Effi Barry Dies". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. September 6, 2007. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/n/a/2007/09/06/national/a142803D90.DTL.  
  6. ^ Stewart, Nikita (September 8, 2007). "Effi Barry to Lie in Repose at Wilson Building". The Washington Post: p. B02. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/07/AR2007090701833_pf.html.  
  7. ^ Lynton, Stephen J.; Bowman, LaBarbara (1976-09-16). "Mayor, Sterling Tucker Deprecate Landslide Victory by Marion Barry". The Washington Post: p. D1. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost_historical/access/120026580.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  8. ^ French, Mary Ann (1990-08-30). "Barry Files Petitions for Council Race; Mayor Plans to Appear on November Ballot as Independent". The Washington Post: p. A10. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/72611853.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  9. ^ Sanchez, Rene (1990-10-22). "Council Candidate Barry Finds a Skeptical Electorate; Mayor Hopes Loyalists Stay in His Corner". The Washington Post: p. A01. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/72625885.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  10. ^ Sanchez, Rene (1990-10-17). "Council Majority Endorses Mason to Block Barry's Bid". The Washington Post: p. A01. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/72623623.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  11. ^ Twomey, Steve (1990-10-26). "Barry Hits 'Betrayal' By Jackson". The Washington Post: p. D01. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/72626830.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  12. ^ York, Michael; Thompson, Tracy (1990-10-27). "Barry Sentenced to 6 Months in Prison;Judge Says Mayor Gave Aid to Drug Culture'". The Washington Post: p. A01. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/72626231.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  13. ^ Sanchez, Rene (1990-11-07). "D.C. Council; Wilson Elevated to Chairman; Cropp, Mason Beat Barry". The Washington Post: p. A31. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/72629101.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  14. ^ Abramowitz, Michael; Trescott, Jacqueline (1990-11-29). "Effi Barry and Son Move Out of Home; Separation From Mayor Follows Her Hints of Shaky Marriage". The Washington Post: p. A01. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/72632874.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-02.  
  15. ^ "Former Mayor's Victory Worries Many in Capital". The New York Times. 1992-09-17. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE2DE1738F934A2575AC0A964958260. Retrieved 2008-07-30.  
  16. ^ "Prostate Surgery for Mayor Barry". Associated Press (The New York Times). 1995-12-10. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B00EEDF1639F933A25751C1A963958260.  
  17. ^ Timberg, Craig (2002-03-07). "Barry to Heed 'Calling' With Bid for D.C. Council; Comeback Campaign Takes Aim at Mendelson". The Washington Post: p. B01. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/110223673.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  18. ^ Timberg, Craig (2002-04-05). "Without Barry, the Plot Gets Thinner; Council Member Mendelson Loses a Key Foe, and Supporters Lose a Key Voice". The Washington Post: p. B04. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/112946966.html?FMT=ABS. Retrieved 2008-08-07.  
  19. ^ "Certified Results". District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics. 2004-09-14. http://www.dcboee.org/information/elec_2004/sep14cr/En_W8_Council.shtm.  
  20. ^ "Certified Summary Results" (PDF). District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics. 2004-11-18. http://www.dcboee.org/pdf_files/Summary_2.pdf.  
  21. ^ Nakamura, David (2007-09-13). "Fenty Goes Fishing Around Poplar Point". The Washington Post: p. B01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/12/AR2007091202445.html.  
  22. ^ Johnson, Darragh; Roberts, Roxanne (July 18, 2007). "Washington's Mayor for Life To Be Truly Immortalized – in Wax". The Washington Post: p. B01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/17/AR2007071701643.html.  
  23. ^ District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics (July 26, 2008-07). "List of Candidates in Ballot Order for the September 9, 2008 Congressional and Council Primary Election". http://www.dcboee.org/nws/pdf_files/pn_146.pdf. Retrieved August 1, 2008.  
  24. ^ Jurors View Videotape of Barry Drug Arrest
  25. ^ Walsh, Elsa; Barton Gellman (1990-08-23). "Chasm Divided Jurors in Barry Drug Trial". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/local/longterm/library/dc/barry/jurors.htm.  
  26. ^ Folks, Mike (1990-08-11). "Mistrial; Jurors falter on 12 of 14 counts". Washington Times. LexisNexis.  
  27. ^ Oreskes, Michael (1990-06-15). "After Barry, Uncertainty; Mayor's Move Brings Painful Era to Close". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE5D8163CF936A25755C0A966958260. Retrieved 2008-07-07.  
  28. ^ File, John (2006-03-10). "Probation For Marion Barry". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9802E1DC1331F933A25750C0A9609C8B63&scp=2&sq=Marion+Barry+drug&st=nyt. Retrieved 2008-02-12.  
  29. ^ Wilgoren, Debbi; Woodlee, Yolanda (2006-03-10). "Barry Sentenced to Three Years of Probation". The Washington Post: p. A01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/03/09/AR2006030900848.html.  
  30. ^ Woodlee, Yolanda; Leonnig, Carol D (2006-01-11). "Barry Tested Positive for Cocaine Use In the Fall". The Washington Post: p. A01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/01/10/AR2006011002018.html.  
  31. ^ a b "Barry avoids prison in tax case". The Washington Times. June 21, 2007. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2007/jun/21/barry-avoids-prison-in-tax-case/.  
  32. ^ Westley, Brian (February 9, 2009). "Prosecutors: Jail ex-D.C. mayor Barry over taxes". Google News. The Associated Press. http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5hbca1B6HG_Pll1HiP0eGOpHslkIQD968B8KG0. Retrieved February 10, 2009.  
  33. ^ a b Thomas, Will (February 9, 2009). "Prosecutors Want to Send Barry to Jail". WTTG (Fox Television Stations, Inc.). http://www.myfoxdc.com/dpp/news/020909_marion_barry_tax_issues. Retrieved February 10, 2009.  
  34. ^ "Prosecutors urge jail for Marion Barry". UPI via COMTEX. February 9, 2009. http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/prosecutors-urge-jail-marion-barry/story.aspx?guid={E3EAB21A-5E6C-497D-9C13-0223F8345832}&dist=msr_1. Retrieved February 10, 2009.  
  35. ^ a b c Johnson, Brian (February 11, 2009). "Marion Barry Offers Excuse For Not Filing Tax Return". WUSA-TV. http://www.wusa9.com/rss/local_article.aspx?storyid=81365.  
  36. ^ a b Weil, Martin (February 11, 2009). "Barry Says Kidney Issues Kept Him From Filing Taxes". Washington Post: p. B04. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/02/10/AR2009021003625.html.  
  37. ^ Wilber, Del Quentin (February 10, 2009). "Prosecutors Want Barry Jailed Over Tax Returns". Washington Post: p. A01. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/story/2009/02/09/ST2009020901562.html. Retrieved February 10, 2009.  
  38. ^ "Better late than never? Barry files 2007 taxes". WTOP-FM. February 17, 2009. http://www.wtop.com/?nid=25&sid=1604045.  
  39. ^ Stewart, Nikita; Harris, Hamil R (February 19, 2009). "Marion Barry to Get Kidney Transplant". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/dc/2009/02/report_barry_to_get_kidney_tra.html.  
  40. ^ Stabley, Matthew (February 24, 2009). "Barry to Be Released in Plenty of Time for Court Date". WRC-TV (NBC Universal, Inc.). http://www.nbcwashington.com/news/local/Barry-to-Be-Released-in-Plenty-of-Time-for-Court-Date.html.  
  41. ^ "Hearing date set for Barry 2007 tax case". The Washington Examiner. Associated Press. February 26, 2009. http://www.examiner.com/a-1872585~Hearing_date_set_for_Barry_2007_tax_case.html.  
  42. ^ "Barry released from hospital". Washington Times. February 28, 2009. http://washingtontimes.com/news/2009/feb/28/metro-briefs-95126010/.  
  43. ^ GreyHouston, Karen (March 4, 2009). "Marion Barry Back In Hospital". WTTG (Fox Television Stations, Inc.). http://www.myfoxdc.com/dpp/news/local/030409_barry_back_in_hospital.  
  44. ^ Hillgrove, Elizabeth (March 5, 2009). "Barry back in hospital, doing well". The Washington Times. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2009/mar/05/barry-back-in-hospital-doing-well/.  
  45. ^ Ackland, Matt (March 6, 2009). "Marion Barry Goes Home from Hospital". WTTG. http://www.myfoxdc.com/dpp/news/030609_marion_barry_released.  
  46. ^ a b c d e f Woodlee, Yolanda; Lengel, Allan (September 11, 2006). "Secret Service Tickets Barry". The Washington Post: p. B08. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/10/AR2006091001028.html.  
  47. ^ Zongker, Brett (June 12, 2007). "Secret Service Testifies Against Barry". The Washington Post. The Associated Press. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/06/12/AR2007061202438_pf.html.  
  48. ^ a b "Former D.C. Mayor Marion Barry Acquitted on Drunk Driving, Related Charges". Fox News. Associated Press. June 13, 2007. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,282034,00.html.  
  49. ^ Cauvin, Henri E. (November 15, 2006). "Barry Pleads Not Guilty to DUI". The Washington Post: p. B04. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/14/AR2006111400652_pf.html.  
  50. ^ Cauvin, Henri E. (B04). "Barry Rejects Offer, Maintains Innocence". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/02/02/AR2007020200834.html.  
  51. ^ a b Woodlee, Yolanda (December 19, 2006). "Barry Says Park Police Delayed Him for 3 Hours". The Washington Post: p. B06. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/18/AR2006121801223_pf.html.  
  52. ^ "Former D.C. Mayor Barry Alleges Improper Traffic Stop". Fox News. Associated Press. December 19, 2006. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,237384,00.html.  
  53. ^ Tim Johnson; Jenna Johnson (July 6, 2009). "The Charge Against Barry: Stalking His Ex-Girlfriend". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/07/05/AR2009070501056.html. Retrieved July 6, 2009.  
  54. ^ "D.C.'s Marion Barry arrested again". CNN. July 5, 2009. http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/07/05/marion.barry.arrested/. Retrieved July 5, 2009.  
  55. ^ "Marion Barry Charged With Stalking a Woman". Associated Press (The New York Times). July 5, 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/06/us/06barry.html?ref=global-home. Retrieved July 6, 2009.  
  56. ^ "Stalking charges against Barry dropped". WTOP. July 9, 2009. http://www.wtop.com/?nid=25&sid=1713945. Retrieved July 9, 2009.  
  57. ^ a b c d Chibarro Jr., Lou (May 8, 2009). "Barry warns of racial divide over marriage: After heated debate, Council votes 12-1 to recognize gay unions from other states". Washington Blade. https://www.washblade.com/2009/5-8/news/localnews/14495.cfm. Retrieved July 6, 2009.  
  58. ^ a b Craig, Tim (May 5, 2009). "Barry Warns of "Civil War" Over Gay Marriage". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/dc/2009/05/barry_warns_of_civil_war_over.html. Retrieved July 6, 2009.  
  59. ^ Chibarro Jr., Lou (June 24, 2008). "Marion Barry announces support for gay marriage: D.C. Council member breaks long silence on issue". Washington Blade. http://www.washblade.com/thelatest/thelatest.cfm?blog_id=19248. Retrieved July 6, 2009.  

External links

Council of the District of Columbia
First
group of four
At-Large Member, Council of the District of Columbia
1975 – 1979
Succeeded by
John L. Ray
Preceded by
Wilhelmina Rolark
Ward 8 Member, Council of the District of Columbia
1993 – 1995
Succeeded by
Eydie D. Whittington
Preceded by
Sandy Allen
Ward 8 Member, Council of the District of Columbia
2005 – present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Walter Washington
Mayor of the District of Columbia
1979 – 1991
Succeeded by
Sharon Pratt Kelly
Preceded by
Sharon Pratt Kelly
Mayor of the District of Columbia
1995 – 1999
Succeeded by
Anthony A. Williams

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Marion Shepilov Barry, Jr. (born March 6, 1936) served as Democratic mayor of Washington, D.C. from 1979 to 1991. He was forced to leave office during his third term as a result of his arrest and conviction on drug charges but was later again elected to the D.C. council and ultimately to the mayoralty, serving a fourth term from 1995 to 1999.

Sourced

  • Goddamn bitch set me up!
    • Barry said this in front of an FBI camera after agents arrested him for smoking crack in a hotel room with an escort. This phrase (and variants) was emblazoned on novelty tee-shirts at the time.
  • Outside of the killings, DC has one of the lowest crime rates in the country.
  • They made all this up to justify questioning me. It's all made up. I don't know what happened. Whatever they say was all made up.
    • Responding to allegations by Park Police that he was found with a white substance under his nose and trace amounts of cocaine in his car.
    • Source: The Washington Post: 26 March 2002. pg B2
  • There is a sort of an unwritten code in Washington, among the underworld and the hustlers and these other guys that I am their friend.
    • Explaining why he was upset at being robbed at gunpoint.
    • Source: Washington Express: 4 January 2006. pg 11

External links

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