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Mark Sanford


Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 15, 2003
Lieutenant André Bauer
Preceded by Jim Hodges

In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by Arthur Ravenel, Jr.
Succeeded by Henry E. Brown, Jr.

Born May 28, 1960 (1960-05-28) (age 49)
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Jenny Sullivan Sanford (divorced)
Children Marshall Sanford
Landon Sanford
Bolton Sanford
Blake Sanford
Residence Sullivan's Island, South Carolina
Alma mater Furman University (B.A.)
University of Virginia (M.B.A.)
Profession Real Estate Executive
Religion Episcopal
Military service
Service/branch United States Air Force
Years of service 2003 – present (reserve)
Rank Captain
Unit 315th Airlift Wing, 315th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron, Charleston AFB, South Carolina

Marshall Clement "Mark" Sanford Jr. (born May 28, 1960) is a United States politician from South Carolina, currently serving as the Governor of South Carolina. From 1995 to 2001, he served as the Republican representative in the United States House of Representatives for South Carolina's 1st congressional district, and held conservative positions.

In 2002, he was elected the 115th Governor of South Carolina, defeating Democratic incumbent Jim Hodges, and was reelected in 2006. As governor, he has a contentious relationship with the South Carolina legislature: notably, he made public statements that he would reject stimulus funds for his state from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Following a subsequent battle in the South Carolina Supreme Court, he was forced to accept the funds.

On June 24, 2009, Sanford resigned as chairman of the Republican Governors Association, after he publicly revealed that he had had an affair with an Argentine woman, María Belén Chapur.[1]

Sanford is also a real estate developer and a medical administration officer in the U.S. Air Force Reserve.[2]

Contents

Early life

Marshall Clement Sanford, Jr. was born on May 28, 1960, in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, son of Marshall Clement Sanford, Sr., a cardiologist, and his wife, the former Peggy Pitts. Before his senior year of high school, Sanford moved with his family to the 3,000 acre (1,214 hectare) Coosaw Plantation near Beaufort, South Carolina from Fort Lauderdale. Sanford attained the rank of Eagle Scout in the Boy Scouts of America.[3]. He was a member of Troop 509 of the South Florida Council of the BSA chartered by St Martins in the Fields Church of Pompano Beach, Florida. Prior to moving to South Carolina he lived in an ocean front home on the barrier island of Lighthouse Point, Florida. He also spent time at his parents 40 acre cattle ranch in Delray Beach, Florida. He has a younger brother, William, a.k.a. "Billy".

He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in business from Furman University in 1983 and a Master of Business Administration degree from Darden Graduate School of Business Administration at the University of Virginia in 1988.[4]

After graduating from Furman University his first job was as an associate for Coldwell Banker in 1983. He then worked as a project supervisor for Beachside Real Estate at the Isle of Palms, with Pat McKinney and Frank Brumley between 1984–1986. In 1987 while working towards his MBA he was trained at Goldman Sachs. After graduating with his MBA he took a position as a financial analyst with Chemical Realty Corporation (1988–1990). At the end of 1990 he moved back to Charleston, South Carolina and worked as a real estate broker on Daniel Island for Brumley Company (1990–1991).

Sanford founded Norton and Sanford Real Estate Investment, a leasing and brokerage company, in 1992. He still owns the company.[5] In the early 1990s he moved to Sullivan's Island, a wealthy island suburb off Charleston, with his wife Jenny and their four boys, Marshall, Landon, Bolton, and Blake.

Congress

Congressman Sanford

In 1994, Sanford entered the Republican primary for the Charleston-based 1st Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives. The seat had come open after Republican four-term incumbent Arthur Ravenel gave it up to make an unsuccessful run for governor. Despite having never run for office before, he finished second in a crowded primary behind Van Hipp, Jr, a former George H. W. Bush administration official. Sanford defeated Hipp in the runoff, and easily won the November general election. He was reelected twice, both times facing only minor-party opposition.

While in Congress, Sanford was a staunch conservative (he garnered a lifetime rating of 92 from the American Conservative Union,[6] opposing gay civil unions and abortion for example[7]), but displayed an occasional independent streak. He was known for voting against bills that otherwise got unanimous support.[8] For example, he voted against a bill that preserved sites linked to the Underground Railroad.[9] He voted for the Clinton impeachment following the Lewinsky scandal, declaring Clinton's behavior to be "reprehensible."[10] He voted against pork projects even when they benefited his own district; in 1997 he voted against a defense appropriations bill that included funds for Charleston's harbor. Seeing himself as a "citizen-legislator," he did not run for reelection in 2000, in keeping with a promise to serve only three terms in the House.[8]

Governor of South Carolina

First term

He entered the gubernatorial election of 2002; he first defeated Lt. Gov. Bob Peeler in the Republican primary and then defeated the Democratic incumbent, Jim Hodges, in the general election, by a margin of 53% to 47% to become the 115th Governor of South Carolina. In accordance with South Carolina law, Sanford was elected separately from the state's Republican lieutenant governor, Andre Bauer. Sanford and Bauer's wins gave the Republicans full control of state government for the first time since Reconstruction.

In 2003, just after becoming governor, Sanford joined the Air Force Reserve and attended two week’s training in Alabama with his unit, the 315th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron. While in training, Sanford did not transfer power to Bauer, saying he would be in regular contact with his office, and would transfer authority in writing only if he were called to active duty.[11]

Sanford sometimes had a contentious relationship with the South Carolina General Assembly, even though it has been dominated by his party for his entire tenure. The Republican-led state House of Representatives overrode 105 of Sanford's 106 budget vetoes on May 26, 2004.[12] The following day, Sanford brought live pigs into the House chamber as a visual protest against "pork projects."[13]

Sanford rejected the Assembly's entire budget on June 13, 2006. Had this veto stood, the state government would have shut down on July 1. The governor explained his veto as being the only way to get the cuts he desired, and that using the line item veto would have been inadequate as well as impossible. However, in a special session the following day, both houses dismissed Sanford's call for reform by overriding his veto– effectively restoring their original budget[14] (which indeed contained many reforms Sanford had previously called for).[citation needed]

Sanford professes to be a firm supporter of limited government, and many pundits have described his views as being libertarian in nature. Most recently, he has embarked on an ambitious plan to reform methods of funding the state's public education system. This would include measures such as school vouchers– aimed at introducing more competition into the school system as a means of fostering improvement. This would also allow more choice for parents who wish for their children to be educated in a religious or independent setting easier access at doing so. The plan, known as "Put Parents In Charge," would provide around $2,500 per child to parents who chose to withdraw their children from the state's public school system and instead send them to independent schools. Sanford has framed this plan as a necessary market-based reform.

Sanford has also sought to reform the state's public college system. Sanford has criticized these schools as focusing too much on separately creating research institutions and not on educating the young adults of South Carolina. Sanford has suggested that they combine some programs as a means of curbing tuition increases. The schools did not respond positively to this suggestion, however, causing Sanford to remark that "if any institution ultimately feels uncomfortable with our push toward coordination, they can exit the system and go private."[15]

Sanford has also indicated a desire to increase the powers of the governor. Under the South Carolina Constitution, the governor is somewhat weaker than many of his counterparts. For instance, many of his appointment powers are shared with the South Carolina General Assembly.

Sanford's first term included other controversies. He was criticized for missing a budget debate and was harshly criticized in a July 2003 article in The Greenville News for delays in signing a piece of domestic violence legislation.[16] A Time Magazine article in November 2005, critical of Sanford, said that some "fear his thrift has brought the state's economy to a standstill."[17]

According to Survey USA, Sanford's approval ratings ranged from 47% to 55% during 2006.[18]

According to Survey USA, in Mark Sanford's state of S.C., Sanford's approval ratings after his admission of infidelity (6-24-09) showed that "60% think the Governor should resign. 34% feel he should remain in office."[19]

Reelection and second term

Campaign

His campaign for reelection in 2006 began by Sanford winning the June 13th Republican Primary over Oscar Lovelace, a family physician from Prosperity, with 65% of the vote to Lovelace's 35%. His Democratic competitor in the November elections was state senator Tommy Moore, whom Sanford beat by 55%-45%.[20]

On election day, Sanford was not allowed to vote in his home precinct because he did not have his voter registration card. The governor was obliged to go to a voter registration office to get a new registration card. "I hope everybody else out there is as determined to vote as I was today," he said. Sanford's driver's license had a Columbia address, but Sanford was trying to vote at his home precinct in Sullivan's Island.[21] According to WAGT in Augusta, Georgia (whose service area includes part of South Carolina) Sanford declared that it would be his last campaign.[22]

Political actions

In dissent with the Republican Party of South Carolina, Sanford, an Episcopalian, opposes the faith-based license plates his state offers, marketed largely to the state's conservative evangelical citizens. After allowing the law to pass without his signature, he wrote, "It is my personal view that the largest proclamation of one's faith ought to be in how one lives his life."[23]

After the passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which Governor Sanford strongly opposed and publicly criticized before and after its passage by Congress and presidential signing, Sanford initially indicated he might not accept all of the funds allotted by the spending law to South Carolina.[24] He was criticized by many Democrats and some moderate Republicans both in his state and outside who noted South Carolina's 9.5% unemployment rate (one of the highest in the country) and complained that Sanford wasn't doing enough to improve economic conditions in his state, which could be alleviated by the stimulus money.[25][26][27] Arnold Schwarzenegger, the Republican governor of California, suggested that if Sanford or other governors rejected their portion of stimulus funds, he would be happy to take them instead.[28]

On March 11, 2009, Sanford became the first United States governor to formally reject a portion of the federal stimulus money earmarked by Congress for the state of South Carolina.[29] Sanford compromised to accept the federal money on condition that the state legislature provide matching funds to pay down the South Carolina state debt.[30] On April 3, 2009, Sanford signed paperwork enabling South Carolina to receive the bailout money; however, he maintained that this signing was simply a bureaucratic maneuver to avoid the federal funds allocated to SC being redistributed to other states.[31]

Disappearance and affair

From June 18 until June 24, 2009, the whereabouts of Governor Sanford were unknown to the public, including to his wife and the State Law Enforcement Division, which provides security for him, garnering nationwide news coverage. Lieutenant Governor André Bauer announced that he could not "take lightly that his staff has not had communication with him for more than four days, and that no one, including his own family, knows his whereabouts."[32]

Before his disappearance, Governor Sanford told his staff that he would be hiking on the Appalachian Trail and while he was gone he did not answer 15 cell phone calls from his chief of staff Scott English; he also failed to call his family on Father's Day.[33]

Several hours after a reporter intercepted Governor Sanford arriving at an airport in a neighboring state after flying back from Argentina, and upon learning that incriminating evidence was being swiftly mobilized against him by the press, Sanford held a press conference, during which he admitted that he had been unfaithful to his wife.[34][35]

In emotional interviews with the Associated Press over two days, Mark Sanford said he would die "knowing that I had met my soul mate."[36] Sanford also said that he "crossed the lines" with a handful of other women during 20 years of marriage, but not as far as he did with his mistress. "There were a handful of instances wherein I crossed the lines I shouldn't have crossed as a married man, but never crossed the ultimate line," he said.[36]

On June 25, La Nación, a Buenos Aires newspaper, identified the Argentine woman as María Belén Chapur, a 43-year-old divorced mother of two with a university degree in international relations who lives in the city of Buenos Aires and works as a commodity broker .[37] The State earlier had published details of e-mails between Sanford and a woman only identified as "Maria."[38] Sanford met Chapur at a dance in Uruguay in 2001 and admitted there was a more intimate relationship with her starting in 2008.[39]

Sanford's wife had become aware of her husband's infidelities around five months before the scandal broke, and the two had sought marriage counseling.[35] She said that she had requested a trial separation about two weeks before his disappearance.[40]

Governor Sanford told reporters that months before his affair became public he had sought counsel at a controversial religious organization called The Family, of which he became a member when he was a Representative in Washington, D.C. from 1995 to 2001.[41] Two other leading Republican politicians who were members of The Family, Senator John Ensign and former Congressman Chip Pickering, also were caught engaging in extra-marital affairs around the same time frame as Governor Sanford.

Fallout from scandal

His wife, Jenny Sanford, after telling Vogue magazine that her husband was having a “midlife crisis”, moved out of the South Carolina Governor's Mansion, with the couple’s four sons, returning to the family home on Sullivan's Island.[42][43].

On December 11, 2009, Jenny Sanford announced that she was filing for divorce, calling it a "sad and painful process."[44] On February 26, 2010, a Charleston County, South Carolina Family Court Judge approved her request. [45]

Resignation as Chairman of the Republican Governors Association

Sanford resigned as Chairman of the Republican Governors Association,[46][47] and he was swiftly succeeded by Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour.[48] In a June 29 email to members of his political action committee, Sanford said he had no intention of resigning as Governor.[49]

Reimbursement for his private use of public funds

After his affair was revealed in June 2009, Sanford first claimed, "There's been a lot of speculation and innuendo on whether or not public moneys were used to advance my admitted unfaithfulness. To be very clear: no public money was ever used in connection with this."[50] After a reporter used the Freedom of Information Act to seek records of what public funds were used to pay for Sanford's trip to Argentina,[51] Sanford eventually chose to reimburse taxpayers for expenses he had incurred one year earlier with his mistress in Argentina.[52] He said, "I made a mistake while I was there in meeting with the woman who I was unfaithful to my wife with. That has raised some very legitimate concerns and questions, and as such I am going to reimburse the state for the full cost of the Argentina leg of this trip.” On August 9, 2009, the AP reported that Sanford may have violated state law by other abusive use of state planes, including to fly to get a haircut.[53]

Impeachment proceedings

On August 25, state representatives Nathan Ballentine and Gary Simrill met with Sanford and warned him that the state legislature would impeach him if he did not resign. Ballentine, an ally of Sanford's, said afterward, "I told him the writing is on the wall. ...he could put an end to it all, but if he doesn't, members of the House will take things into their hands." Sanford still declined to resign.[54] On August 28, The Washington Times reported that Republican lawmakers in South Carolina were "laying plans" for a special legislative session on whether to impeach Sanford. Two bills of impeachment are already being prepared; they have bipartisan support in the state legislature.[55]

On October 23, 2009, two impeachment resolutions were introduced, but were blocked by Democrats in the South Carolina legislature.[56] A month later, the resolution was successfully introduced and it was announced that an ad hoc committee would begin drafting articles of impeachment starting on November 24.[57] Meanwhile, the Ethics Commission formally charged the Governor with 37 violations.[58] making his removal or resignation all that more likely.

On December 3, during its third public hearing on the matter, the ad hoc committee unanimously voted to remove the vast majority of charges from the investigation, stating that they didn't warrant "overturning an election." On December 9, the committee voted 6-1 against impeachment, stating that the legislature had better things to do. However, the committee voted unanimously to censure the governor.[59] On the 16th the full House Judiciary Committee voted 15-6 to formally end the process.[60]

Censure

On December 15, 2009, the House judiciary committee voted unanimously to censure Governor Sanford. The full House will vote on the resolution in January 2010.

Role in 2008 presidential election

In 2006, before the midterm elections, some commentators discussed the possibility of Sanford running for president.[citation needed] He said that he would not run, and claimed that his re-election bid would be his last election, win or lose. After Super Tuesday in 2008, Governor Sanford received some mention as a potential running mate for the presumptive Republican presidential candidate, John McCain.[61][62][63]

Sanford publicly aligned himself with McCain in a March 15, 2008, piece in the Wall Street Journal. Likening the presidential race to a football game at halftime, Sanford noted that he "sat out the first half, not endorsing a candidate...But I'm now stepping onto the field and going to work to help John McCain. It's important that conservatives do the same."[64]

On January 11, 2008, shortly before the South Carolina presidential primaries (R Jan 19, D Jan 26), Governor Sanford published a guest column in the Columbia newspaper The State.[65] In the article, "Obama's Symbolism Here", Sanford wrote, "I won't be voting for Barack Obama for president," but noted the "historical burden" borne by South Carolinians on the topic of race. He advised voters in South Carolina to take note of the symbolism of Obama's early success, with the knowledge that South Carolina was a segregated state less than fifty years earlier, and discouraged voting either for or against Obama on the basis of his race.

In a January 18, 2008 interview with CNN's Wolf Blitzer,[66] Sanford discussed his Obama article. Wolf Blitzer asked, "Give us your mind-set. Why did you think it was so important to write this piece right now at this critical moment?" Governor Sanford responded, "Well, it plays into a larger conversation that we're having as a family of South Carolinians on, in fact, the [constitutional] structure of our government." Also, Wolf Blitzer showed Sanford clips of recent comments made by John McCain and Mike Huckabee about the Confederate battle flag and asked the Governor, "All right, two different positions, obviously. Who's right in this?" Sanford responded, "Well, it depends who you talk to." Sanford elaborated that "if you were to talk to the vast majority of South Carolinians, they would say that we do not need to be debating where the Confederate flag is or is not."

Sanford attracted derision in the liberal blogosphere and among pundits and analysts on the left for a gaffe during an interview with CNN's Wolf Blitzer on July 13, 2008, when he had difficulty answering a question about differences between Senator McCain and incumbent President George W. Bush on economic policy.[67] "I'm drawing a blank, and I hate when I do that, especially on television," joked Sanford.[68]

Possible 2012 candidacy

As early as January 2008, there has been anticipation that Mark Sanford would run for President in 2012, and online support groups have sprung up on virtual social networks like Facebook in support of a Sanford ticket.[69][70]

Further boosting Sanford's profile in advance of a potential candidacy, which the governor has neither ruled out nor expressly hinted at,[71] he was elected as Chairman of the Republican Governors Association in November 2008[72] and was cited by Michael S. Steele, the Chairman of the Republican Party as one of four "rising stars" in the GOP (alongside Governors Bobby Jindal of Louisiana, Tim Pawlenty of Minnesota and Sarah Palin of Alaska) in February 2009.[73] Sanford also received early support for a presidential run from the Republican Liberty Caucus.[74]

On February 22, 2009, Governor Sanford declined to rule out a possible presidential bid in 2012, though he professed to have no current plans to run for national office.[75]

Washington Post blogger Chris Cillizza says that revelations of an extramarital affair in June 2009 ended Sanford's chances of being a serious candidate in 2012.[76]

On January 4, 2010, Governor Sanford admitted that, "If there's anything that's abundantly clear, it's that I ain't running for president." In the same Republican meeting, he also indicated that he would enter the private sector after his last 11 months as Governor.[77]

Books

In 2000 Sanford's first book, The Trust Committed To Me, was published. It discussed term limits, and featured a foreword by Robert Novak.[78] A second book, titled Within Our Means, was scheduled to be published by Sentinel in 2010: however the contract was terminated by mutual agreement after the revelation of Sanford's extramarital affair.[79]

Electoral history

South Carolina's 1st congressional district: Results 1994–1998[80]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1994 Robert Barber 47,769 32% Mark Sanford 97,803 66% Robert Payne Libertarian 1,836 1% *
1996 (no candidate) Mark Sanford 138,467 96% Joseph F. Innella Natural Law 5,105 4%
1998 (no candidate) Mark Sanford 118,414 91% Joseph F. Innella Natural Law 11,586 9% *
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1994, write-ins received 63 votes. In 1998, write-ins received 71 votes.
South Carolina Gubernatorial Election 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mark Sanford 583,339 52.9
Democratic Jim Hodges (Incumbent) 518,310 47.3
South Carolina Gubernatorial Election 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mark Sanford (Incumbent) 601,868 55.1 +2.2
Democratic Tommy Moore 489,076 44.8

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  69. ^ Mark Sanford for President 2012
  70. ^ Mark Sanford President 2012
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  72. ^ Republican Governors Announce Leadership
  73. ^ GOP's Steele Touts Four Rising Stars
  74. ^ Republican Liberty Caucus Encourages Sanford to Run for President
  75. ^ GOP governors don't say no to bids for president
  76. ^ Chris, Cillizza (June 24, 2009). "Sanford Admits Affair, First Thoughts". Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/thefix/governors/sanfords-admits-affair-first-t.html. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  77. ^ McCann, Josh (4 January 2010). "Sanford welcomed Monday by friendly crowd on Hilton Head Island". Hilton Head Island; S.C.: The Island Packet. http://www.islandpacket.com/news/local/story/1089142.html. Retrieved 2010-01-06. 
  78. ^ Sanford, Mark (2000). The Trust Committed to Me. Washington, DC: U.S. Term Limits Foundation. ISBN 0963861514. 
  79. ^ Deahl, Rachel (2009-07-02). "Sentinel Kills Sanford Book". Publishers Weekly. http://www.publishersweekly.com/article/CA6668797.html?industryid=47146. 
  80. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/index.html. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 

External links

U.S. Representative (1994–2006)
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Arthur Ravenel, Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st congressional district

1995–2001
Succeeded by
Henry E. Brown, Jr.
Political offices
Preceded by
James Hovis Hodges
Governor of South Carolina
2003–present
Incumbent

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Marshall Clement "Mark" Sanford, Jr. (born May 28, 1960) is an American politician from South Carolina. From 1994 to 2000, he served as the Republican representative in the United States House of Representatives for South Carolina's 1st congressional district. In 2002, he was elected the 115th Governor of South Carolina.

Sourced

  • I think it would be much better for the country and for (Clinton) personally (to resign). I come from the business side. If you had a chairman or president in the business world facing these allegations, he'd be gone.
    • On the Clinton sex scandal
    • The Post and Courier (Sept. 12, 1998) [1]
  • I could digress and say that you have the ability to give magnificent gentle kisses, or that I love your tan lines or that I love the curve of your hips, the erotic beauty of you holding yourself (or two magnificent parts of yourself) in the faded glow of the night's light. but hey, that would be going into sexual details...
    • From emails to Argentinian mistress
    • Released by The State newspaper (June 25, 2009) [2]

External links

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