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Marlboro, Vermont
—  Town  —
Congregational Church
Marlboro, Vermont
Coordinates: 42°51′47″N 72°43′56″W / 42.86306°N 72.73222°W / 42.86306; -72.73222Coordinates: 42°51′47″N 72°43′56″W / 42.86306°N 72.73222°W / 42.86306; -72.73222
Country United States
State Vermont
County Windham
Chartered 1751
Area
 - Total 40.7 sq mi (105.3 km2)
 - Land 40.3 sq mi (104.5 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation 1,194 ft (364 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 978
 - Density 24.3/sq mi (9.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05344
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-43375[1]
GNIS feature ID 1462143[2]

Marlboro is a town in Windham County, Vermont, United States. The population was 978 at the 2000 census. The town is home to both the Southern Vermont Natural History Museum and Marlboro College, which each summer hosts the Marlboro Music School and Festival.

Contents

History

Town center in 1908

Named for the Duke of Marlborough, the town was a New Hampshire grant chartered on April 29, 1751 to Timothy Dwight and 64 others from Northampton, Massachusetts and vicinity. But the French and Indian War prevented settlement, so the charter was renewed by Governor Benning Wentworth on September 21, 1761, then again on April 17, 1764 as New Marlborough. First settled in 1763, [3] the town grew rapidly between 1764 and 1770 with emigrants from Massachusetts and Connecticut. [4]

Although the terrain is mountainous, the soil is rich and deep, which allowed farmers to grow good crops. When the population was 896 in 1859, the community was almost exclusively agricultural. [5] In 1946, Marlboro College was founded by Walter Hendricks for returning World War II veterans. [6] In 2006, Marlboro was one of the first American towns to have its citizens pass a resolution endorsing the impeachment of President George W. Bush.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 40.7 square miles (105.3 km2), of which, 40.3 square miles (104.5 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km2) of it (0.79%) is water. Marlboro is drained by the western branch of the West River, Whetstone Brook and the Green River.

The town is crossed by Vermont Route 9.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 978 people, 330 households, and 215 families residing in the town. The population density was 24.3 people per square mile (9.4/km2). There were 497 housing units at an average density of 12.3/sq mi (4.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.32% White, 0.20% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.41% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 330 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the town the population was spread out with 19.0% under the age of 18, 23.3% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,429, and the median income for a family was $44,861. Males had a median income of $30,313 versus $25,673 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,503. About 0.9% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Students from kindergarten to eighth grade attend Marlboro School

Media

Marlboro is home to the WRSY-FM, 101.5, radio station

Sites of interest

Notable residents

South Pond in 1908

References

External links

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