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Marlboro logo
Marlboro Menthol

Marlboro is a brand of cigarettes made by Philip Morris USA (a branch of Altria) within the US, and by Philip Morris International (now separate from Altria) outside the US. It is famous for its billboard advertisements and magazine ads of the Marlboro Man.

The brand is named after Great Marlborough Street, the location of its original London Factory. Richmond, Virginia is now the location of the largest Marlboro cigarette manufacturing plant.

Philip Morris, a London-based cigarette manufacturer, created a New York subsidiary in 1902 to sell several of its cigarette brands, including Marlboro. By 1924 they were advertising Marlboro as a woman's cigarette based on the slogan "Mild As May".

The brand was sold in this capacity until World War II when the brand faltered and was temporarily removed from the market. At the end of the war, three brands emerged that would establish firm holds on the cigarette market: Camel, Lucky Strike, and Chesterfield. These brands were supplied to US soldiers during the war, creating an instant market upon their return.

During the 1950s Reader's Digest magazine published a series of articles that linked smoking with lung cancer. Philip Morris, and the other cigarette companies took notice and each began to market filtered cigarettes. The new Marlboro with a filtered end was launched in 1955. In the early 1960s Philip Morris invented "Marlboro Country" and distilled their manly imagery into the rugged cowboys known as the "Marlboro Men". The famous slogan used on radio and television during the mid-'60s was, "Come to where the flavor is...come to MARLBORO COUNTRY", backed by Elmer Bernstein's theme from The Magnificent Seven.

Contents

Motorsport sponsorship

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Formula One

BRM P180: Marlboro's motorsport sponsorship started with the BRM Formula One team in 1972.

Marlboro is also known for its sponsorship of motor racing. This started in 1972 with its sponsorship of Formula One teams BRM and Iso Marlboro-Ford. The former took one win at the very wet Monaco Grand Prix.

For 1974 Marlboro dissolved its sponsorship of both teams and became famously associated with the McLaren team, which bought it its first constructors' championship and its drivers title for Emerson Fittipaldi. The team was successful through to 1978, with another world champion in James Hunt in 1976. Following that the partnership went through a dry patch until Ron Dennis's Project Four Organisation took over the team in 1981. Marlboro-sponsored McLarens dominated F1 for much of the 1980s and early 1990s, with Niki Lauda, Alain Prost and Ayrton Senna between them winning the drivers' championship all but one year from 1984 to 1991. After the departure of Ayrton Senna in 1993, Marlboro McLaren did not win a race for three years. Marlboro ended their sponsorship of the team in 1996, which ended the famous red and white McLaren livery.

Marlboro also sponsored Scuderia Ferrari as secondary sponsor from the mid 1980s as a result of company president Enzo Ferrari, who refused to allow "outside" sponsor brands to appear on his team cars. After his death in 1988, Marlboro began to take over as the primary sponsor, which they would be later officially branded as Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro.

Prominent Marlboro branding on Ferrari Formula One car and team at the 2006 Bahrain Grand Prix.

In September 2005, Ferrari signed an extension of their sponsorship arrangement with Marlboro until 2011. This comes at a time when tobacco sponsorship has become wholly illegal in the European Union (including F1 races) and other major teams have withdrawn from relationships with tobacco companies, for example McLaren ended their eight year relationship with West, Renault broke with JT and BAT withdrew in 2006. In reporting the deal, F1 Racing magazine judged it to be a "black day" for the sport, putting non-tobacco funded teams at a disadvantage and discouraging other brands from entering a sport still associated with tobacco. The magazine estimates that in the period between 2005 and 2011 Ferrari will receive $1 billion from the agreement. Depending on the venue of races (and the particular national laws) the Marlboro branding will be largely subliminal in most countries. In April 2008, Marlboro displayed explicit on-car branding on Ferrari for the last time, now permanently replaced with a variety of barcodes in place of it.

Marlboro also sponsored the Alfa Romeo Formula One team between 1980 and 1983, although unable to match up to its pre-war and 1950s heyday, the team only achieving one pole position, one fastest lap and four podium finishes.

Other racing series

Since their start in Formula One, Marlboro has also sponsored numerous teams and races, from Joest Racing in Group C in 1983 to Toyota at the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1999 (despite a tobacco ban in France) and Marlboro Masters Formula Three race in Zandvoort.

Penske PC-22 driven by Emerson Fittipaldi in 1993.

Marlboro sponsorship in Champ Car (also known as 'CART' and 'IndyCar' at that time) dates back to 1986. The Penske cars in the Indy Racing League (IRL) currently run in Marlboro's distinctive red and white colors. In 2006, a Marlboro-sponsored car won the Indianapolis 500. However for the 2007 season, Marlboro have ceased their sponsorship of the Penske Cars, their place being taken by Kodak, and later Cellco Partnership. The team will retain the color scheme. Where 'Marlboro Penske' appeared on the side of the cars, 'Team Penske' replaced it. Although "Marlboro" does not sponsor Team Penske, Philip Morris USA is still Team Penske's main sponsor, and the Penske team's new name, Penske Championship Racing, reflects the Cellco Partnership sponsorship. (The Penske Championship Racing name was adopted to evade NASCAR's ban on wireless telephone advertising; Cellco's team is marketed as Verizon Championship Racing.)

Marlboro also sponsored the Australian Marlboro Holden Dealer Team from 1974 through to 1984. The Marlboro branding gave rise to some of Australia's most prominently recognizable race cars such as the L34 and A9X Torana, as well as the famous VK Group C "Big Banger" Commodore of Peter Brock and Larry Perkins Bathurst winning fame. As well as this, in Motorcycling Grand Prix, Marlboro sponsored the Kenny Roberts run Yamaha team in 500cc as well as one of his former rider, Wayne Rainey's team in the 250cc class. As a result of their sponsorship, Marlboro decals on race replica bikes became one of the most popular decal kits that were available. Marlboro nowadays sponsors the Ducati MotoGP team whom Casey Stoner rides for, despite as of the 2009 Grand Prix motorcycle racing season and 2010 Grand Prix motorcycle racing season, they are only allowed to brand the bikes at 1 round, in Qatar.

Marlboro also has a long history in rallying sponsorship, including with the factory World Rally Championship teams of Toyota (notably with Freddy Loix until the end of 1998), Mitsubishi (to whom Loix moved from 1999 until 2001, with the iconic livery remaining on successive Lancer Evolutions until the marque's temporary WRC withdrawal at the end of 2002), and Peugeot, from 2003 to 2005. During the 2007 GP2 Series Season, ART Grand Prix was also sponsored by Marlboro. Marlboro are generally credited as being among the most important of sponsors to the world of Formula 1 (and motor racing in general) in terms of the amount of financial backing given to various competitors. In mid-2006, special "racing editions" of Marlboro Red were sold in the UK, with a Ferrari-inspired design, although the Ferrari name and badge were not used.

See also

External links

References


Simple English

Marlboro (IPA: /ˈmɑrb(ə)roʊ/, IPA: /ˈmɑːlb(ə)rə/ or IPA: /ˈmɔːlb(ə)rə/[1]) is the largest selling brand of cigarettes in the world.[2] It is made by Philip Morris USA (a branch of Altria) within the US, and by Philip Morris International (now separate from Altria) outside the US. It is famous for its billboard advertisements and magazine ads of the Marlboro Man.[3]

Contents

Motorsport sponsorship

Formula One

File:BRM
Marlboro's motorsport sponsorship started with the BRM Formula One team in 1972.

Marlboro is also known for its sponsorship of auto racing. This started in 1972 with its sponsorship of Formula One teams BRM and Iso Marlboro-Ford.

For 1974 season Marlboro ended its sponsorship of both teams. Marlboro became associated with the McLaren team. Marlboro ended their sponsorship of McLaren in 1996, which ended the famous red and white McLaren livery.

Marlboro also sponsored Scuderia Ferrari as secondary sponsor starting in 1980s Ferrari company president Enzo Ferrari refused to allow "outside" sponsor brands to appear on his team cars. After Enzo Ferrari's death in 1988, Marlboro began to take over as the primary sponsor. Later the team was officially named Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro. Formula One car and team at the 2006 Bahrain Grand Prix.]]

In September 2005, Ferrari signed an extension of their sponsorship arrangement with Marlboro until 2011. This came at a time when tobacco sponsorship was being banned in many location. It had become illegal in the European Union, including F1 races. Other major teams have withdrawn from relationships with tobacco companies. In April 2008, the Marlboro logo was displayed on the Ferrari for the last time.

Marlboro then replaced the logo with a variety of barcodes. Leading health officials called for a review of the barcode advertising [4]. The Ferrari team claims the barcode is part of the car design, not an advertising message. [5] The controversial barcode designed was recently removed by Ferrari for the start of the 2010 Spanish Grand Prix.[6]

Marlboro also sponsored the Alfa Romeo Formula One team between 1980 and 1983.


Other racing series

Since their start in Formula One, Marlboro has also sponsored numerous teams and races.

Marlboro sponsorship in Champ Car (also known as 'CART' and 'IndyCar' at that time) dates back to 1986. The Penske cars in the Indy Racing League (IRL) currently run in Marlboro's distinctive red and white colors. In 2006, a Marlboro-sponsored car won the Indianapolis 500. For the 2007 season, Marlboro had ended their sponsorship of the Penske Cars. The Penske team will retain the color scheme. Where 'Marlboro Penske' appeared on the side of the cars, 'Team Penske' replaced it. Although Marlboro does not sponsor Team Penske, Philip Morris USA is still Team Penske's main sponsor.

Marlboro also sponsored the Australian Marlboro Holden Dealer Team from 1974 through to 1984. The Marlboro branding gave rise to some of Australia's most prominently recognizable race cars such as the L34 and A9X Torana, as well as the VK Group C "Big Banger" Commodore.

In Motorcycling Grand Prix, Marlboro sponsored the Yamaha team in 500cc and 250cc class. Marlboro currently sponsors the Ducati MotoGP. As of the 2009 Grand Prix motorcycle racing season, they are only allowed to put the Marlboro brand the bikes in Qatar.

Marlboro also has a long history in rallying sponsorship, including with the factory World Rally Championship teams of Toyota, Mitsubishi, and Peugeot. During the 2007 GP2 Series Season, ART Grand Prix was also sponsored by Marlboro.

Marlboro are generally credited as being among the most important of sponsors to the world of Formula 1 (and motor racing in general) in terms of the amount of financial backing given to various competitors. In mid-2006, special "racing editions" of Marlboro Red were sold in the UK, with a Ferrari-inspired design, although the Ferrari name and badge were not used.

List of Marlboro brand varieties

US varieties

Effective June 22, 2010,

  • Marlboro Red Pack
  • Marlboro Red Pack 72's
  • Marlboro Red Pack 100's
  • Marlboro Red Label (Medium)
  • Marlboro Red Label 100's (Medium)
  • Marlboro Gold Pack (Light)
  • Marlboro Gold Pack 72's (Light)
  • Marlboro Gold Pack 100's (Light)
  • Marlboro Silver Pack (Ultra Light)
  • Marlboro Silver Pack 72's (Ultra Light)
  • Marlboro Silver Pack 100's (Ultra Light)
  • Marlboro Blend No. 27
  • Marlboro Virginia Blend
  • Marlboro Virginia Blend 100's
  • Marlboro Special Blend Red
  • Marlboro Special Blend Red 100's
  • Marlboro Special Blend Gold
  • Marlboro Special Blend Gold 100's
  • Marlboro Menthol
  • Marlboro Menthol 72's
  • Marlboro Menthol 100's
  • Marlboro Menthol Blue Pack (Mild)
  • Marlboro Menthol Blue Pack 72's (Mild)
  • Marlboro Menthol Blue Pack 100's (Mild)
  • Marlboro Menthol Gold Pack (Light)
  • Marlboro Menthol Gold Pack 100's (Light)
  • Marlboro Menthol Silver Pack (Ultra Light)
  • Marlboro Menthol Silver Pack 100's (Ultra Light)
  • Marlboro Menthol Blend No. 54
  • Marlboro Menthol Blend No. 54 100's
  • Marlboro Menthol Smooth
  • Marlboro Menthol Smooth 100's
Snus
  • Marlboro Rich
  • Marlboro Amber
  • Marlboro Spearmint
  • Marlboro Peppermint
  • Marlboro Windmill (Netherlands)

Non-US varieties
  • Marlboro Black
  • Marlboro Black One
  • Marlboro Black Menthol (Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Indonesia & New Zealand)
  • Marlboro Blend No. 9
  • Marlboro Bright Leaf (UK)
  • Rooftop Red (Canadian Marlboro Filter)
  • Rooftop Gold (Canadian Marlboro Light)
  • Rooftop Silver (Canadian Marlboro Extra Light)
  • Marlboro Cold Mint (Spain)
  • Marlboro Compact (Europe) - slightly shorter than standard cigarettes
  • Marlboro Crisp Mint
  • Marlboro Filter Plus (Russia and Bulgaria)
  • Marlboro Filter Plus One (Russia)
  • Marlboro Flavor Mix (Egypt)
  • Marlboro Flavor Note (Germany)
  • Marlboro Flavor Plus
  • Marlboro Fresh (Sweden)
  • Marlboro Fresh Mint
  • Marlboro Frost
  • Marlboro Gold (in countries where "light" isn't allowed)
  • Marlboro Gold Advance (Sweden, Norway, Germany, Netherlands, Portugal, New Zealand)
  • Marlboro Gold Edge
  • Marlboro Gold Touch (Europe) - slightly thinner
  • Marlboro Ice Mint
  • Marlboro Ice Blast (Singapore and Japan)
  • Marlboro Ice Chill (Australia)
  • Marlboro Ice Fresh (Brunei)
  • Marlboro Intense
  • Marlboro Kretex/Mix 9 (Indonesia)
  • Marlboro MX4 Flavor (Europe)
  • Marlboro Medium (Jordan)
  • Marlboro Night Fusion
  • Marlboro Wides (Europe, Japan)
  • Marlboro Touch

References

Other websites

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