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Marsala
—  Comune  —
Comune di Marsala
Marsala salt ponds
Marsala is located in Italy
Marsala
Location of Marsala in Italy
Coordinates: 37°48′N 12°26′E / 37.8°N 12.433°E / 37.8; 12.433Coordinates: 37°48′N 12°26′E / 37.8°N 12.433°E / 37.8; 12.433
Country Italy
Region Sicily Sicily
Province Trapani (TP)
Government
 - Mayor Lorenzo Carini
Area
 - Total 241.6 km2 (93.3 sq mi)
Elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 - Total 82,517
 - Density 341.5/km2 (884.6/sq mi)
 - Demonym Marsalesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 91025
Dialing code 0923
Patron saint Our Lady of the Cave (Madonna della Cava)
Saint day January 19
Website Official website
Church of the Purgatory.

Marsala is a seaport city located in the Province of Trapani on the island of Sicily in Italy. The low coast on which it is situated is the westernmost point of the island. It is best known as the source of Marsala wine.

Contents

History

Marsala occupies the site of Lilybaeum, the principal stronghold of the Carthaginians in Sicily, founded by Himilco in 396 BC after the abandonment of Motya. Neither Pyrrhus nor the Romans were able to reduce it by siege, but it was surrendered to the latter in 241 BC at the end of the First Punic War as a condition of the peace treaty. In the later wars it was a starting point for the Roman expeditions against Carthage, and under Roman rule it enjoyed considerable prosperity. It obtained municipal rights from Augustus and became a colony under either Pertinax or Septimius Severus.

The Arabs gave it its present name "Marsala" which is deriving from the Arab "Marsa Allah" (port of Allah) or "Marsa Ali" ("port of Ali" intended also as "great port" as Ali in Arabian language is synonymous with "great" and the ancient harbour of Lilybaeum was enormous). The ancient harbor that lay on the northeast was destroyed by Charles V to prevent its occupation by pirates. The modern harbor lies to the southeast.

On May 11, 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi and his "thousand" landed at Marsala and began his campaign to overthrow Bourbon rule in Sicily as a step toward Italy's unification.

Geography

The town is situated on the Mediterranean coast, in the south-western side of Sicily. It lies on the road between Trapani and Mazara del Vallo.

Main sights

Little remains of the ancient Lilybaeum. Fragments of the city walls, squared stones, and some foundations of buildings between the walls and the sea are visible. The so-called grotto and spring of the Sibyl may be mentioned.

To the east of the town is a great fosse which defended it on the land side, and beyond this again are quarries like those of Syracuse on a small scale.

The modern town takes the shape of the Roman camp within the earlier city, one of the gates of which still existed in 1887.

The main street (the Cassaro) perpetuates the name castrum.

This site attracts many archeologists and tourists for the study of Phoenician culture to their immense shipbuilding masterpieces.

See also

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Italy : Sicily : Marsala

Marsala is a city in Sicily.

Understand

Marsala is a city located on one of the three "vertices" of Sicily, the one on the western side. It is also named "Capo Boeo" or "Capo Lilibeo". Currently (2008), it has about 80.000 inhabitants. It was founded by the Carthaginians and named Lilybeo. Conquered by the Romans during the First Punic War. During the Arabic dominion it was named Marsala (probably after Marsa Allah, port of God).

Marsala is home of the famous Marsala wine, used as dessert and in many recipes (for example, Chicken Marsala).

In 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi, heading the "Expedition of the Thousand", landed in Marsala, where he began the conquer of the Reign of two Sicilies. This is considered the start of the unification of Italy.

For more historical information, visit the Marsala web page on Wikipedia.

Get in

By plane

The airport of Trapani - Birgi (code TPS) is only 20 Km away from Marsala. There are every day flights from/to Milan and Rome. The low-cost company Ryan Air provides flights from/to island of malta and many important european cities. It is possible to rent a car at the airport. For further information, see www.areoportotrapani.com.

By train

From Palermo, there are a few local trains everyday. The trip takes approximately is 3h 10 minutes. For further information, visit Ferrovie dello Stato.

By car

Marsala can be reached by car through the A29 highway from Palermo. It is only about 150Km from Palermo, so it should be possible to reach Marsala in little more than one hour. The A29 is a free-toll highway. Please, take notice that there are no gas stations on the highway itself. However, it is possible to find some gas stations right at some of the main exits.

By bus

From Palermo, the Autoservizi Salemi provides many convenient buses.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MARSALA, a seaport of Sicily, in the province of Trapani, 19 M. by rail S. of Trapani. Pop. (1881), 19,732; (1901), 57,567. The low coast on which it is situated is the westernmost point of the island. The town is the seat of a bishop, and the cathedral contains 16 grey marble columns, which are said to have been intended for Canterbury Cathedral in England, the vessel conveying them having been wrecked here. The town owes its importance mainly to the trade in Marsala wine.

Marsala occupies the site of Lilybaeum, the principal stronghold of the Carthaginians in Sicily, founded by Himilco after the abandonment of Motya. Neither Pyrrhus nor the Romans were able to reduce it by siege, but it was surrendered to the latter in 241 B.C. at the end of the First Punic War. In the later wars it was a starting point for the Roman expeditions against Carthage; 1 Bulletin Lowell Obsy., Monthly Notices, R.A.S. (1905), 66, p. 51.

2 St Petersburg Memoirs, series viii., Phys. Mars-classe, vol. viii.

and under Roman rule it enjoyed considerable prosperity (C.I.L. x. p. 742). It obtained municipal rights from Augustus and became a colony under Pertinax or Septimus Severus. The Saracens gave it its present name, Marsa Ali, port of Ali. The harbour, which lay on the north-east, was destroyed by Charles V. to prevent its occupation by pirates. The modern harbour lies to the south-east. In 1860 Garibaldi landed at Marsala with 1000 men and began his campaign in Sicily. Scanty remains of the ancient Lilybaeum (fragments of the city walls, of squared stones, and some foundations of buildings between the walls and the sea) are visible; and the so-called grotto and spring of the Sibyl may be mentioned. To the east of the town is a great fosse which defended it on the land side, and beyond this again are quarries like those of Syracuse on a small scale. The modern town takes the shape of the Roman camp within the earlier city, one of the gates of which still existed in 1887. The main street (the Cassaro) perpetuates the name castrum.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also marsala

Contents

English

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Marsala

Plural
-

Marsala

  1. A town in western Sicily

Noun

Singular
Marsala

Plural
Marsalas

Marsala (plural Marsalas)

  1. A fortified wine from Sicily
  2. A sauce made from Marsala wine

See also


Italian

Proper noun

Marsala

  1. Marsala (town)

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