Martha's Vineyard: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Martha's Vineyard
Martha's Vineyard map.png
Map of Martha's Vineyard
Geography
Martha's Vineyard is located in Massachusetts
Martha's Vineyard (Massachusetts)
Location Outer Lands
Coordinates 41°24′N 70°37′W / 41.4°N 70.617°W / 41.4; -70.617
Area 87.48 sq mi (226.6 km2)
Length 20.5 mi (33.0 km)
Country
United States
State  Massachusetts
County Dukes
Demographics
Population 15000
Density 66.2 /km2 (171 /sq mi)
.Martha's Vineyard (including the smaller Chappaquiddick Island) is an island off the south of Cape Cod in New England.^ Martha's Vineyard (including the smaller Chappaquiddick Island ) is an island off the south of Cape Cod in New England .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1985, the two islands of Martha's Vineyard and Chappaquiddick Island were included in a new American Viticultural Area designation for wine appellation of origin specification: Martha's Vineyard AVA .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The islands both form a part of the Outer Lands region.^ The islands both form a part of the Outer Lands region.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Often called just "The Vineyard," the island has a land area of 87.48 square miles (231.75 km²) and is the 58th largest island in the United States, and the third largest on the East Coast of the United States.^ Often called just "The Vineyard," the island has a land area of 87.48 square miles (231.75 km²) and is the 58th largest island in the United States , and the third largest on the East Coast of the United States .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite popular perceptions of the Vineyard as "Hollywood East", the island is very low-key and quiet; celebrities go to the Vineyard to enjoy the atmosphere, and not to be seen.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On November 23, 1970, in the Atlantic Ocean just west of Aquinnah, Simas Kudirka , a Soviet seaman of Lithuanian nationality, attempted to defect to the United States by leaping onto a United States Coast Guard cutter from a Soviet ship.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is the largest true island of the East Coast of the US (not connected to mainland by a bridge or tunnel).^ It is the largest true island of the East Coast of the US (not connected to mainland by a bridge or tunnel).
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Often called just "The Vineyard," the island has a land area of 87.48 square miles (231.75 km²) and is the 58th largest island in the United States , and the third largest on the East Coast of the United States .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bridge crossed Poucha Pond on Chappaquiddick Island (a smaller island connected to the Vineyard and part of Edgartown).
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is located in the state of Massachusetts, in Dukes County, which also includes Cuttyhunk and the other Elizabeth Islands, as well as the island of Nomans Land, which is both a US Wildlife preserve, as well as a US Naval practice bombing range which continues to be controversial.^ It is located in the state of Massachusetts , in Dukes County , which also includes Cuttyhunk and the other Elizabeth Islands , as well as the island of Nomans Land , which is both a US Wildlife preserve, as well as a US Naval practice bombing range which continues to be controversial.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1691, the entire county was transferred to the newly formed Province of Massachusetts Bay , being split into Dukes County, Massachusetts and Nantucket County, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was home to one of the earliest known deaf communities in the United States; consequently, a special sign language, Martha's Vineyard Sign Language (MVSL), developed on the island.^ Edgartown Lighthouse on Martha's Vineyard at dawn, one of five lighthouses on the island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was home to one of the earliest known deaf communities in the United States; consequently, a special sign language , Martha's Vineyard Sign Language (MVSL), developed on the island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hereditary deafness and sign language .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The island is primarily known as a summer colony, and is accessible only by boat and by air.^ The island is primarily known as a summer colony , and is accessible only by boat and by air.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nevertheless, its year-round population has grown considerably since the 1960s. A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.[1]

Contents

History

Exploration

Originally inhabited by the Wampanoag, Martha's Vineyard was known in their language as Noepe, or "land amid the streams." In 1642 the Wampanoag numbered somewhere around 3,000 on the island. .By 1764, that number had dropped to 313.[2] A smaller island to the south was named "Martha's Vineyard" by the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold, who sailed to the island in 1602. The name was soon transferred to the big island.^ The name was soon transferred to the big island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A smaller island to the south was named "Martha's Vineyard" by the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold , who sailed to the island in 1602.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gay Head Cliffs in Martha's Vineyard The linguist William Labov wrote his MA essay on changes in the Martha's Vineyard dialect of English.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is thus the eighth-oldest surviving English place-name in the United States.^ It is thus the eighth-oldest surviving English place-name in the United States.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus for a time Martha's Vineyard was officially named Marthas Vineyard , but the Board reversed its decision in the early 20th century, making Martha's Vineyard one of the five [ 5 ] placenames in the United States today with a possessive apostrophe .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States Board on Geographic Names worked to standardize placename spellings in the late 19th century, including the dropping of apostrophes.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .Gosnold's mother-in-law and his second child, who died in infancy, were both named Martha.^ Gosnold's mother-in-law and his second child, who died in infancy, were both named Martha .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gosnold perhaps named Martha's Vineyard after his daughter, who was christened in St James' Church (now St Edmundsbury Cathedral ), Bury St Edmunds in the English county of Suffolk .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A smaller island to the south was named "Martha's Vineyard" by the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold , who sailed to the island in 1602.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Gosnold perhaps named Martha's Vineyard after his daughter, who was christened in St James' Church (now St Edmundsbury Cathedral), Bury St Edmunds in the English county of Suffolk. .Martha is buried in the Great Churchyard[4] which lies in front of the Abbey ruins between St Mary's Church and the Cathedral.^ Martha is buried in the Great Churchyard [ 3 ] which lies in front of the Abbey ruins between St Mary's Church and the Cathedral.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gosnold perhaps named Martha's Vineyard after his daughter, who was christened in St James' Church (now St Edmundsbury Cathedral ), Bury St Edmunds in the English county of Suffolk .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For some time the island was known as Martin's Vineyard (perhaps after the captain of Gosnold's ship, John Martin); many islanders up to the 1700s called it by this name.^ For some time the island was known as Martin's Vineyard (perhaps after the captain of Gosnold's ship, John Martin); many islanders up to the 1700s called it by this name.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The On Time (also known as the Chappy Ferry) is so named not because there is no schedule but because the boats running the route were built "on time" without delays in construction.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Typically home to artists, musicians and other creative types, the Island has many residents who manage by working several jobs in the summer and taking some time off in the winter.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .The United States Board on Geographic Names worked to standardize placename spellings in the late 19th century, including the dropping of apostrophes.^ The United States Board on Geographic Names worked to standardize placename spellings in the late 19th century, including the dropping of apostrophes.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus for a time Martha's Vineyard was officially named Marthas Vineyard , but the Board reversed its decision in the early 20th century, making Martha's Vineyard one of the five [ 5 ] placenames in the United States today with a possessive apostrophe .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is thus the eighth-oldest surviving English place-name in the United States.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus for a time Martha's Vineyard was officially named Marthas Vineyard, but the Board reversed its decision in the early 20th century, making Martha's Vineyard one of the five[6] placenames in the United States today with a possessive apostrophe.^ Edgartown Lighthouse on Martha's Vineyard at dawn, one of five lighthouses on the island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States Board on Geographic Names worked to standardize placename spellings in the late 19th century, including the dropping of apostrophes.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FAA today ; United States.
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

[7]

Colonial era

.British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts.^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Like the nearby island of Nantucket , Martha's Vineyard was brought to prominence in the 19th century by the whaling industry, during which ships were sent around the world to hunt whales for their oil and blubber .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mayhew worked through the claims of two British "owners" of the islands and during his lifetime had friendly relations with the Wampanoags on the island in part because he was careful to honor their land rights as well.^ Mayhew worked through the claims of two British "owners" of the islands and during his lifetime had friendly relations with the Wampanoags on the island in part because he was careful to honor their land rights as well.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The islands both form a part of the Outer Lands region.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

His son, also Thomas Mayhew, began the first English settlement in 1642 at Great Harbor (later Edgartown, Massachusetts).
The younger Mayhew began a relationship with Hiacoomes, an Indian neighbor. .The relationship eventually led to Hiacoomes' family converting to Christianity.^ The relationship eventually led to Hiacoomes' family converting to Christianity .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ultimately, many of the tribe became Christian, including the paw-waws (spiritual leaders) and sachems (political leaders).^ Ultimately, many of the tribe became Christian, including the paw-waws (spiritual leaders) and sachems (political leaders).
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It became arguably the first successful cross-cultural church planting mission in the history of Protestantism (Eliot's work on the mainland began a few years later). .By most evidence the Mayhew approach was remarkably free of the cultural imperialism so often a part of other missions of that and later eras.^ By most evidence the Mayhew approach was remarkably free of the cultural imperialism so often a part of other missions of that and later eras.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It became arguably the first successful cross-cultural church planting mission in the history of Protestantism (Eliot's work on the mainland began a few years later).
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During King Phillip's War later in the century the Martha's Vineyard band did not join their tribal relatives in the uprising and remained armed, a testimony to the good relations cultivated by the Mayhews as the leaders of the English colony.^ During King Phillip's War later in the century the Martha's Vineyard band did not join their tribal relatives in the uprising and remained armed, a testimony to the good relations cultivated by the Mayhews as the leaders of the English colony.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gay Head Cliffs in Martha's Vineyard The linguist William Labov wrote his MA essay on changes in the Martha's Vineyard dialect of English.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the whaling era, wealthy Boston sea captains and merchant traders often created estates on Martha's Vineyard with their trading profits.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Indian literacy in the schools founded by Mayhew and taught by Peter Folger, the grandfather of Benjamin Franklin, was such that the first Native American graduates of Harvard were from Martha's Vineyard, including the son of Hiacoomes, Joel Hiacoomes.^ Indian literacy in the schools founded by Mayhew and taught by Peter Folger, the grandfather of Benjamin Franklin , was such that the first Native American graduates of Harvard were from Martha's Vineyard, including the son of Hiacoomes, Joel Hiacoomes.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."The ship Joel Hiacoomes was sailing on, as he was returning to Boston from a trip home shortly before the graduation cermonies was found wrecked on the shores of Nantucket Island.^ "The ship Joel Hiacoomes was sailing on, as he was returning to Boston from a trip home shortly before the graduation cermonies was found wrecked on the shores of Nantucket Island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indian literacy in the schools founded by Mayhew and taught by Peter Folger, the grandfather of Benjamin Franklin , was such that the first Native American graduates of Harvard were from Martha's Vineyard, including the son of Hiacoomes, Joel Hiacoomes.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Caleb Cheeshahteaumauk, the son of a sachem of Homes Hole did graduate from Harvard in the class of 1665 (Moneghan, E.J., 2005, p.^ Caleb Cheeshahteaumauk, the son of a sachem of Homes Hole did graduate from Harvard in the class of 1665 (Moneghan, E.J., 2005, p.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

59)." Cheeshahteaumauk's Latin address to the corporation (New England Corporation), which begins "Honoratissimi benefactores" (most honored benefactors), has been preserved. .(Gookin, as quoted in Monaghan, 2005, p. 60.) They were literate in Wampanoag, English, Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.^ (Gookin, as quoted in Monaghan, 2005, p.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were literate in Wampanoag, English, Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All of the early Indian graduates died shortly after completing their course of study.^ All of the early Indian graduates died shortly after completing their course of study.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, there were many native preachers on the island who also preached in the English churches from time to time.^ However, there were many native preachers on the island who also preached in the English churches from time to time.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Typically home to artists, musicians and other creative types, the Island has many residents who manage by working several jobs in the summer and taking some time off in the winter.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For some time the island was known as Martin's Vineyard (perhaps after the captain of Gosnold's ship, John Martin); many islanders up to the 1700s called it by this name.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hon. Leavitt Thaxter, Edgartown educator
.The tradition established by Mayhew continued for centuries.^ The tradition established by Mayhew continued for centuries.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hon. Leavitt Thaxter[8], who married Martha Mayhew, a descendant of Thomas Mayhew, was an Edgartown educator described by Indian Commissioner John Milton Earle as "a long and steadfast friend to the Indians."[9] After living in Northampton, Thaxter, a lawyer[10], returned home to Edgartown, where he took over the school founded by his father, Rev. Joseph Thaxter[11][12], and served in the State House and the Senate, was a member of the Massachusetts Governor's Council and later served as U. S. Customs Collector for Martha's Vineyard.[13] .Having rechristened his father's Edgartown school Thaxter Academy, Hon.^ Having rechristened his father's Edgartown school Thaxter Academy, Hon.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Leavitt Thaxter was granted on Feb.^ Leavitt Thaxter was granted on Feb.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.15, 1845, the sum of $50-per-year for "the support of William Johnson, an Indian of the Chappequiddic tribe."^ William Johnson, an Indian of the Chappequiddic tribe."
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

By this time, Leavitt Thaxter[14] had taken on the role, described in an act passed by the General Court of Massachusetts, as "guardian of the Indians and people of color resident at Chappequiddic and Indiantown in the County of Dukes County."[15] Thaxter Academy, founded by Leavitt Thaxter as first principal in 1825, became known for educating both white and Native American youth.[16]
.In 1683, Dukes County, New York was incorporated, including Martha's Vineyard.^ In 1683, Dukes County, New York was incorporated, including Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1985, the two islands of Martha's Vineyard and Chappaquiddick Island were included in a new American Viticultural Area designation for wine appellation of origin specification: Martha's Vineyard AVA .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Martha's Vineyard (including the smaller Chappaquiddick Island ) is an island off the south of Cape Cod in New England .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1691, the entire county was transferred to the newly formed Province of Massachusetts Bay, being split into Dukes County, Massachusetts and Nantucket County, Massachusetts.^ In 1691, the entire county was transferred to the newly formed Province of Massachusetts Bay , being split into Dukes County, Massachusetts and Nantucket County, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dukes County, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Nineteenth century

Like the nearby island of Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard was brought to prominence in the 19th century by the whaling industry, during which ships were sent around the world to hunt whales for their oil and blubber. The discovery of petroleum in Pennsylvania gave rise to a cheaper source of oil for lamps and led to an almost complete collapse of the industry by 1870. After the Old Colony railroad came to mainland Woods Hole in 1872, summer residences began to develop on the island, such as the community of Harthaven established by William H. Hart. Although the island struggled financially through the Great Depression, its reputation as a resort for tourists and the wealthy continued to grow. .There is still a substantial Wampanoag population on the Vineyard, mainly located in the town of Aquinnah.^ There is still a substantial Wampanoag population on the Vineyard, mainly located in the town of Aquinnah .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Originally (and still) inhabited by, although the numbers are few, the Wampanoag Native Americans , Martha's Vineyard was known in their language as Noepe , or "land amid the streams."
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are now three locations - in Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.
  • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

Aquinnah was formerly known as Gay Head, but was recently renamed its original Indian name, which means "land under the hill" in the Wampanoag language.

Modern era

Gay Head Cliffs in Martha's Vineyard
.The linguist William Labov wrote his MA essay on changes in the Martha's Vineyard dialect of English.^ Gay Head Cliffs in Martha's Vineyard The linguist William Labov wrote his MA essay on changes in the Martha's Vineyard dialect of English.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A smaller island to the south was named "Martha's Vineyard" by the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold , who sailed to the island in 1602.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17] .The 1963 study is widely recognized as a seminal work in the foundation of sociolinguistics.^ The 1963 study is widely recognized as a seminal work in the foundation of sociolinguistics .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]
.The island received international notoriety after the July 18, 1969, Chappaquiddick incident, in which Mary Jo Kopechne was killed when a car driven by U.S. Senator Edward "Ted" Kennedy drove off the Dike Bridge.^ The island received international notoriety after the July 18, 1969, Chappaquiddick incident , in which Mary Jo Kopechne was killed when a car driven by U.S. Senator Edward "Ted" Kennedy drove off the Dike Bridge.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The bridge crossed Poucha Pond on Chappaquiddick Island (a smaller island connected to the Vineyard and part of Edgartown).^ The bridge crossed Poucha Pond on Chappaquiddick Island (a smaller island connected to the Vineyard and part of Edgartown).
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edgartown , which includes Chappaquiddick island and Katama .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1985, the two islands of Martha's Vineyard and Chappaquiddick Island were included in a new American Viticultural Area designation for wine appellation of origin specification: Martha's Vineyard AVA .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a foot bridge, it was intended for people on foot and bicycles, as well as the occasional emergency vehicle when conditions warranted.^ As a foot bridge, it was intended for people on foot and bicycles , as well as the occasional emergency vehicle when conditions warranted.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Currently, 4x4 vehicles with passes are allowed to cross the reconstructed bridge.^ Currently, 4x4 vehicles with passes are allowed to cross the reconstructed bridge.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On November 23, 1970, in the Atlantic Ocean just west of Aquinnah, Simas Kudirka, a Soviet seaman of Lithuanian nationality, attempted to defect to the United States by leaping onto a United States Coast Guard cutter from a Soviet ship.^ On November 23, 1970, in the Atlantic Ocean just west of Aquinnah, Simas Kudirka , a Soviet seaman of Lithuanian nationality, attempted to defect to the United States by leaping onto a United States Coast Guard cutter from a Soviet ship.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Coast Guard allowed a detachment of KGB agents to board the cutter, and subsequently arrest Kudirka, taking him back to the former Soviet Union .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Often called just "The Vineyard," the island has a land area of 87.48 square miles (231.75 km²) and is the 58th largest island in the United States , and the third largest on the East Coast of the United States .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Coast Guard allowed a detachment of KGB agents to board the cutter, and subsequently arrest Kudirka, taking him back to the former Soviet Union.^ The Coast Guard allowed a detachment of KGB agents to board the cutter, and subsequently arrest Kudirka, taking him back to the former Soviet Union .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On November 23, 1970, in the Atlantic Ocean just west of Aquinnah, Simas Kudirka , a Soviet seaman of Lithuanian nationality, attempted to defect to the United States by leaping onto a United States Coast Guard cutter from a Soviet ship.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1974, Steven Spielberg filmed the movie Jaws on Martha's Vineyard.^ In 1974, Steven Spielberg filmed the movie Jaws on Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tisbury Street Fair Martha's Vineyard International Film Festival in September Santa arrives on the ferry every December.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was the place where the movie Jaws was filmed and doubled as the fictional town of "Amity" from the Peter Benchley novel.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Spielberg selected island natives Christopher Rebello as Chief Brody's oldest son, Michael Brody; Jay Mello as the younger son, Sean Brody; and Lee Fierro as Mrs. Kintner.[19] .Scores of other island natives appeared in the film as extras.^ Scores of other island natives appeared in the film as extras .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Later, scenes from Jaws 2 and Jaws: The Revenge were filmed on the island as well.^ Later, scenes from Jaws 2 and Jaws: The Revenge were filmed on the island as well.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In June 2005 the island celebrated the 30th anniversary of Jaws with a weekend-long Jawsfest.^ In June 2005 the island celebrated the 30th anniversary of Jaws with a weekend-long Jawsfest.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Distressed over redistricting in 1977, Martha's Vineyard considered the possibility of seceding from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and perhaps of becoming the nation's 51st state.^ Distressed over redistricting in 1977, Martha's Vineyard considered the possibility of seceding from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and perhaps of becoming the nation's 51st state .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Although the concept was hardly considered realistic by most accounts, it did create a short-lived media frenzy.[20]
.On March 5, 1982, John Belushi died of a drug overdose in Los Angeles, California, and was buried four days later in Abel's Hill Cemetery in Chilmark.^ MI 1 0.00% john fitzpatrick ceo of fitzpatrick hotels 1 0.00% john fontana tampa 1 0.00% john four seasons manager Los Angeles 1 0.00% john frazer antigua 1 0.00% john fredsall 1 0.00% john fruin florida 1 0.00% john g wood 1 0.00% john g.
  • Usage Statistics for Hotel-Online.com - June 2008 - Search String 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC hotel-online.com [Source type: News]

On his gravestone is the quote, "Though I may be gone, Rock 'N' Roll lives on." Because of the many visitors to his grave and the threat of vandalism, his body was moved elsewhere within the cemetery.
.U.S. President Bill Clinton spent vacation time on the island during and after his presidency, along with his wife, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, and their daughter, Chelsea.^ Final Report of the Advisory Committee on Religious Freedom Abroad to the Secretary of State and to the President of the United States (Library has online: 2001-) .
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

Clinton was not the first president to visit the islands; Ulysses S. Grant visited the vacation residence of his friend, Bishop Gilbert Haven on August 24, 1874. As a coincidental footnote in history, Bishop Haven's gingerbread cottage was located in Oak Bluffs at 10 Clinton Avenue. The avenue was named in 1851 and was designated as the main promenade of the Martha's Vineyard Campmeeting Association campgrounds.[21] On August 23, 2009, President Barack Obama arrived in Chilmark with his family for a week's vacation at a rental property known as Blue Heron Farm.[22]
On July 16, 1999, a small plane crashed off the coast of Martha's Vineyard, claiming the lives of pilot John F. Kennedy, Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette and her sister Lauren Bessette. Kennedy's mother, former U.S. first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, maintained a home in Aquinnah (formerly Gay Head) until her death in 1994.
In the summer of 2000, an outbreak of tularemia, also known as rabbit fever, resulted in one death and piqued the interest of the CDC, which wanted to test the island as a potential investigative ground for aerosolized Francisella tularensis. Over the following summers, Martha's Vineyard was identified as the only place in the world where documented cases of tularemia resulted from lawn mowing.[23] The research may prove valuable in preventing bioterrorism.

Hereditary deafness and sign language

A high rate of hereditary deafness was documented in Martha's Vineyard for almost two centuries. The island's deaf heritage cannot be traced to one common ancestor and is thought to have originated in the Weald, a region in the English county of Kent, prior to immigration. Researcher Nora Groce estimates that by the late 1800s, 1 in 155 people on the Vineyard was born deaf (0.7 percent), almost 20 times the estimate for the nation at large (1 in 2,730, or 0.04 percent).[24]
Mixed marriages between deaf and hearing spouses comprised 65% of all deaf marriages on the island in the late nineteenth century, (higher than the mainland average of 20%)[25] and Martha's Vineyard Sign Language (MVSL) was commonly used by hearing residents as well as deaf ones until the middle of the twentieth century.[26] This allowed deaf residents to smoothly integrate into society.
In the twentieth century, tourism became a mainstay in the island economy. However, jobs in tourism were not as deaf-friendly as fishing and farming had been. Consequently, as intermarriage and further migration joined the people of Martha's Vineyard to the mainland, the island community more and more resembled the wider community there.
The last deaf person born into the island's sign language tradition, Katie West, died in 1952, but a few elderly residents were able to recall MVSL as recently as the 1980s when research into the language began.

Political representation

Martha's Vineyard is made up of six towns. Each town is governed by a board of selectmen elected by town voters, along with annual and periodic town meetings. Each town is also a member of the Martha's Vineyard Commission, which regulates island-wide building, environmental, and aesthetic concerns.
.Some government programs on the island have been regionalized, such as the public school system, emergency management and waste management.^ Financial accountability & management in governments, public services, and charities (Library has online: 1- 1985-) .
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

There is a growing push for further regionalization areas of law enforcement, water treatment, and possible government regionalization.
Each town also follows certain regulations from the County of Dukes County. The towns are:
  • Tisbury, which includes the main village of Vineyard Haven, and the West Chop peninsula. It is the island's primary port of entry for people and cargo, supplemented by the seasonal port in Oak Bluffs.
  • Edgartown, which includes Chappaquiddick island and Katama. Edgartown is noted for its rich whaling tradition, and is the island's largest town by population and area. It is one of the island's "wet" towns.
  • Oak Bluffs is most well known for its gingerbread cottages, open harbor, and its vibrant town along busy Circuit Avenue. Oak Bluffs enjoys a reputation as one of the more active night-life towns on the island for both residents and tourists, and is also a "wet" town. It was known as "Cottage City" before being incorporated as Oak Bluffs. Oak Bluffs includes several communities that have been popular destinations for affluent African Americans since the early twentieth century.[27] It also includes the East Chop peninsula and Harthaven.
  • West Tisbury is the island's agricultural center, and hosts the beloved MV Agricultural Fair in late August each year.
  • Chilmark, including the fishing village of Menemsha. Chilmark is also rural and features the island's hilliest terrain.
  • Aquinnah, formerly known as Gay Head. Aquinnah is home to the Wampanoag Indian tribe and the famous Gay Head cliffs.

Transportation

Water

Martha's Vineyard is located approximately seven miles off the southern coast of Cape Cod. It is reached by a ferry that departs from Woods Hole, Massachusetts, and by several other ferries departing from Falmouth, New Bedford, Hyannis, and Quonset Point, Rhode Island. The Steamship Authority operates most of the shorter routes, while other, smaller ferry services run faster, longer distance ferries to Rhode Island and Hyannis.

Air

The commuter airline, Cape Air offers frequent service to Martha's Vineyard via the Martha's Vineyard Airport (MVY). Cape Air provides service year-round to islanders and visitors to Boston, Hyannis, New Bedford, Providence, and Nantucket. Cape Air also provides seasonal services to White Plains, New York. Additional air service is provided by Continental Express, which provides a seasonal service to Newark Liberty International Airport, and US Airways Express, which serves New York-LaGuardia and Hyannis year-round, as well as Philadelphia and Washington-Reagan seasonally. The airport also handles much general aviation traffic.

Mass transit

Bus service is provided on the island year-round by the Martha's Vineyard Transit Authority.

Education

A Blue Bird "All American FE" school bus, owned and operated by Martha's Vineyard Public Schools.
Martha's Vineyard is served by Martha's Vineyard Public Schools:
Five of the six towns have their own elementary schools, while Aquinnah residents usually attend nearby Chilmark's elementary school. The Chilmark school serves only grades pre-K to 5, so students in grades 6 - 8 must attend another middle school—usually the West Tisbury school.[28] Martha's Vineyard Regional High School, which is located in Oak Bluffs, serves the entire island.

Tourism and culture

The Vineyard grew as a tourist destination primarily because of its very pleasant summer weather (during summers, the temperature rarely breaks 90°F) and many beautiful beaches. It is primarily a place where people go to relax. Most social life and activity takes place at people's houses, not in the very small towns.
During the whaling era, wealthy Boston sea captains and merchant traders often created estates on Martha's Vineyard with their trading profits. Today, the Vineyard has become one of the Northeast's most prominent summering havens, having attracted numerous celebrity regulars.
The island now boasts a year-round population of about 15,000 people in six towns; in summer, the population swells to 100,000 residents, with more than 25,000 additional short-term visitors coming and going on the ferries during the summer season. The most crowded weekend is July 4, followed by the late-August weekend of the Agricultural Fair. In general, the summer season runs from June through Labor Day weekend, coinciding with the months most American children are not in school.
In 1985, the two islands of Martha's Vineyard and Chappaquiddick Island were included in a new American Viticultural Area designation for wine appellation of origin specification: Martha's Vineyard AVA. Wines produced from grapes grown on the two islands can be sold with labels that carry the Martha's Vineyard AVA designation. Martha's Vineyard was the home to the winemaker Chicama Vineyards in West Tisbury, though it closed after 37 years on August 10, 2008[29] [11]. Various writers have been inspired by the island—including the mystery writer Philip Craig who set several novels on the island.
.Other popular attractions include the annual Grand Illumination (see also here) in Oak Bluffs; the Martha's Vineyard Film Society which screens independent and world cinema all year long; the Martha's Vineyard Film Festival and Cinema Circus which runs its Summer Film Series and Cinema Circus every Wednesday in July and August, and it's Winter Festival in March; Martha's Vineyard International Film Festival in September, Katama Farm in Edgartown; and the Flying Horses Carousel in Oak Bluffs, the oldest carousel in the United States.^ Freedom of Information Act annual report ; United States.
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Form W-8EXP, certificate of foreign government or other foreign organization for United States tax withholding ; United States.
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Form 5329, additional taxes on qualified plans (including IRAs) and other tax-favored accounts ; United States.
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

Island life and residents

Locals refer to Martha's Vineyard as "the Vineyard" and its residents as "Vineyarders." People who move from the mainland to the island are considered "wash-a-shores." Its relatively small year-round population has led to a very activist citizenry who are highly involved in the island's day-to-day activities. Tourism, over-development, politics and many other subjects are of keen interest to the community. Keeping the balance between the much needed tourist economy and the ecology and wildlife of the island is of paramount importance to residents. In contrast to the seasonal influx of wealthy visitors, Dukes County remains one of the poorest in the state. Residents have established resources to balance the contradictions and stresses that can arise in these circumstances, notably the Martha's Vineyard Commission[30] and Martha's Vineyard Community Services[31], founded by the late Dr. Milton Mazer, author of People and Predicaments: Of Life and Distress on Martha’s Vineyard.[32]
.The majority of the Vineyard's residents are well-established yearly summer visitors from up and down the Northeast coast of the United States.^ Form 1040-SS, U.S. self-employment tax return (including the additional child tax credit for bona fide residents of Puerto Rico) ; United States.
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Form 8898, statement of individuals who begin or end bona fide residence in a U.S. possession ; United States.
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Form 8802, application for United States residency certification ; United States.
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

.While many "Vineyarders" come from all over the United States and abroad, the island tends to be a destination for those within close proximity.^ Form 944-SS for ..., employer's annual federal tax return--American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands ; United States.
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Final Report of the Advisory Committee on Religious Freedom Abroad to the Secretary of State and to the President of the United States (Library has online: 2001-) .
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

Many communities around the island tend to have deep family roots in the island that have matured over the years to create hamlets of good friends and neighbors. Nevertheless, many visitors are summer renters and weekenders, for whom the island is simply a "home away from home."[citation needed]
Because of its many high-profile residents, movie stars, politicians, writers and artists also band together with residents in fundraisers and benefits to raise awareness for the fragile ecosystem of the Vineyard and to support community organizations and services. The largest of these is the annual Possible Dreams Auction.[33]
Well-known celebrities who live on or visit the island: Mike Tyson, U.S. President Barack Obama[22]; former president Bill Clinton, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton; comedian and talk show host David Letterman; Bill Murray; (Queen Elizabeth; Roger Moore; Marco Borsato); Quincey Jones; Ted Danson and wife Mary Steenburgen; Larry David; the Farrelly brothers; Meg Ryan and musician Carly Simon. Also, Mike Wallace of 60 Minutes is a summer resident of Martha's Vineyard. Late anchorman Walter Cronkite was a prominent summer resident as well. Other regularly appearing celebrities include film writer/director Spike Lee, attorney Alan Dershowitz, comedians Dan Aykroyd and Jim Belushi, politico Vernon Jordan, and television news reporters Diane Sawyer, former Ambassador and President of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, William H. Luers and Charlayne Hunter-Gault. A slew of celebrity visitors have been spotted in recent years, including Reese Witherspoon, Jake Gyllenhaal, and "Charlie's Angel" Kate Jackson, Stanley Tucci, Beyoncé Knowles, Jay-Z, Tom Welling, Steven Tyler and Ray Romano. Despite popular perceptions of the Vineyard as "Hollywood East", the island is very low-key and quiet; celebrities go to the Vineyard to enjoy the atmosphere, and not to be seen. Locals tend to be protective of celebrity privacy. Most Vineyard social life occurs in private, down country roads, and not in the small towns, only two of which even sell alcohol (Oak Bluffs and Edgartown).[citation needed]
Similarly, many of the country's most affluent black families have enjoyed a century-old tradition of summering on the island. .Concentrated primarily in and around the town of Oak Bluffs, and the East Chop area, these families have historically represented the black elite from Boston; Washington, D.C.; and New York City.^ Fodor's New York City (Library has online: 2007-) .
  • Electronic Journals & Newspapers List -- Results | MLibrary 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.lib.umich.edu [Source type: Academic]

Today, affluent black families from around the country have taken to the Vineyard, and the community is known as a popular summer destination for judges, physicians, business executives, surgeons, attorneys, writers, politicians, and professors. The historic presence of black residents on the island resulted in the nickname of one of Oak Bluff's most popular beaches. Dubbed "The Inkwell," this small beach is central to Oak Bluffs and within short walking distance to many of the homes of the more notable black families. The Inkwell (1994), directed by Matty Rich, dealt with this close-knit Vineyard community.[citation needed]
Martha's Vineyard has also been or is home to a number of artists and musicians, including Evan Dando, Tim "Johnny Vegas" Burton of the Mighty Mighty Bosstones, James Taylor, Livingston Taylor, Kate Taylor, Alex Taylor, Tom Rush, Geoff Muldaur, Maria Muldaur, Johnny Hoy and the Bluefish, Willy Mason, Unbusted, Mike Nichols, Gordon Healy, Kahoots and Slim-Bob Berosh. Historian and author David McCullough is also an island resident, as are the young-adult books authors: Judy Blume and Norman Bridwell Late authors Shel Silverstein and William Styron also lived on the Vineyard, as did writer, journalist and teacher John Hersey, poet and novelist Dorothy West and artist Thomas Hart Benton. The Academy Award winning Patricia Neal owns a home in Edgartown, and James Cagney, Lillian Hellman, and Katherine Cornell all found the Vineyard an exciting, rewarding place to live.[citation needed]
The year-round working population of Martha's Vineyard earns thirty percent less on average than other residents of the state while keeping up with a cost of living that is sixty percent higher than average.[34] Many people are moving to more affordable areas. Schools have seen a successive drop in enrollment over the past few years. Typically home to artists, musicians and other creative types, the Island has many residents who manage by working several jobs in the summer and taking some time off in the winter. The lack of affordable housing on the island has forced many families to move off-island. A growing number of workers live on Cape Cod and take a ferry over to the island for day labor.[citation needed]
The island also has a large community of Brazilian immigrants who work mainly in the maintenance of the island’s vacation facilities.[35]
The island's permanent residents were profiled in a London Telegraph article showing "the dark side of Martha's Vineyard".[36]

Notable points of interest

Vineyard Haven (Tisbury)

Oak Bluffs

A gingerbread cottage at Oak Bluffs, Martha's Vineyard.

Edgartown

Edgartown is an old whaling town that re-emerged in the 20th century as a summer sailing and beach town. It is characterized by 18th and 19th century homes, including well-preserved whaling captains' homes and historic churches. It was the place where the movie Jaws was filmed and doubled as the fictional town of "Amity" from the Peter Benchley novel.
Edgartown Lighthouse on Martha's Vineyard at dawn, one of five lighthouses on the island. It is located at the opening of Edgartown harbor. It can be viewed by walking north on North Water Street to an area adjacent to the Harborview Hotel.
The On Time (also known as the Chappy Ferry) is so named not because there is no schedule but because the boats running the route were built "on time" without delays in construction. The trip between Martha's Vineyard and Chappaquiddick takes 2-3 minutes.

West Tisbury

Chilmark

  • Menemsha, including Menemsha Harbor (popular sunset-watching location), Menemsha Pond (popular for sailing or kayaking) and "Squid Row."
  • Lucy Vincent Beach
  • Tiasquam River
  • Menemsha Hills Reservation
  • The Chilmark Community Center
  • Beetlebung Corner

Aquinnah (Formerly "Gay Head")

  • Gay Head cliffs
  • Gay Head Lighthouse
  • Lobsterville

Well-known beaches

Annual events

All towns

.
  • Annual Martha's Vineyard Striped Bass and Bluefish Derby (Sept.^ Annual Martha's Vineyard Striped Bass and Bluefish Derby (Sept.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ July parade and fireworks 12 Meter Boat Race at the Edgartown Yacht Club (Featuring many winning America's Cup boats) Martha's Vineyard Striped Bass and Bluefish Derby (Early Fall) [ edit ] Oak Bluffs .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    13 - Oct. 17)

Aquinnah

  • Aquinnah Music Festival [37]

Chilmark

Edgartown

  • 4th of July parade and fireworks
  • 12 Meter Boat Race at the Edgartown Yacht Club (Featuring many winning America's Cup boats)
  • Martha's Vineyard Striped Bass and Bluefish Derby (Early Fall)

Oak Bluffs

  • The Grand Illumination (see also here)
  • Oak Bluffs Harbor Festival
  • Annual Oak Bluffs Fireworks, presented by the O.B. Fire Department
  • Juneteenth Celebration
  • Tall Timber's Gingerbread Cottage
  • Oak Bluffs Monster Shark Tournament (covered on ESPN)
  • Tabernacle Film Series on Tuesdays in July and August Martha's Vineyard Film Society
  • Chili Festival
  • Annual VFW Fluke Derby
  • The Striped Bass and Bluefish Derby (in September)
  • Annual Dick's Bait and Tackle Memorial day weekend tournament

Tisbury

West Tisbury

  • Martha's Vineyard Agricultural Fair
  • Farmer's Market
  • Chilmark Flea Market

Local television and radio

Local Newspapers

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Seccombe, Mike. "Cost of Living Found Shockingly High Here." Vineyard Gazette Online.
  2. ^ A People's History of the United States, By Howard Zinn, p. 16
  3. ^ Stewart, George (1945). Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States. New York: Random House. pp. 26,27. 
  4. ^ Unique signature found by town researcher, Bury Free Press: Bury St Edmunds (26 April 2007).
  5. ^ Charles Edward Banks. The History of Martha's Vineyard. Published by George H. Dean: Boston (1911), Volume I, pg. 73
  6. ^ The others are Carlos Elmer's Joshua View, Arizona; Clarke's Mountain, Oregon; Ike's Point, New Jersey; and John E's Pond, Rhode Island. "Gardens". QI. 26 November 2009. No. 1, season 7. (BBC Television)
  7. ^ George R. Stewart. Names on the Land. Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston (1967), pg. 345
  8. ^ Contemporaneous writings from Leavitt describe his increasing affinity for the Native Americans and their customs. "They are kind and considerate to one another and especially to the poor," Leavitt noted. [1]
  9. ^ After King Philips's War: Presence and Persistence in Indian New England, Colin Gordon Calloway, UPNE, 1997
  10. ^ The Massachusetts Register and United States Calendar for the Year of Our Lord 1847, Richard, Lord & Holbrook, and James Loring, Boston, 1847
  11. ^ Annals of the American Unitarian Pulpit, William Buell Sprague, R. Carter & Brothers, New York, 1865
  12. ^ One of the first chaplains in the Continental Army, Rev. Thaxter was wounded at the Battle of Bunker Hill. On June 17, 1835, Thaxter returned to the battlefound and officiated as chaplain at ceremonies laying the corner-stone for the Bunker Hill Monument
  13. ^ Memorials of Elder John White, One of the First Settlers of Hartford, Conn., Allyn S. Kellogg, Printed by Case, Lockwood and Company, Hartford, Conn., 1860
  14. ^ Portrait of Leavitt Thaxter, Indian Converts Collection, Reed Digital Collections
  15. ^ Acts and Resolves Passed by the General Court of Massachusetts, Printed by Dutton and Wentworth, Boston, Mass., 1845
  16. ^ History of Martha's Vineyard, Part First, Henry Franklin Norton, Published by Robert Emmett Pyne, 1923
  17. ^ Bas van Elburg, Possible Origins of Certain Nonstandard Verb Forms in the Dialect of Tristan Da Cunha. 21 December 2000.
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ Internet Movie DataBase: Jaws cast list
  20. ^ Seccombe, Mike (2007). "Talkin' About a Revolution". Martha's Vineyard Magazine. pp. September-October issue. http://www.mvmagazine.com/2007/september-october/secession.php. Retrieved 2009-09-10. 
  21. ^ Jones,Peter A. (2007). Oak Bluffs: The Cottage City Years on Martha's Vineyard. Arcadia Publishing. p. 37. ISBN 9780738549774. 
  22. ^ a b Seccombe, Mike (2009-08-25). "President Obama and Family Arrive". Vineyard Gazette. http://www.mvgazette.com/article.php?22680. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  23. ^ [3]
  24. ^ Groce, Nora Ellen (1985). Everyone here spoke sign language: Hereditary deafness on Martha's Vineyard, Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-27040-1
  25. ^ Lane, Harlan L., Richard C. Pillard and Mary French. Origins of the American Deaf-World: Assimilating and Differentiating Societies and Their Relation to Genetic Patterning. Sign Language Studies 1.1 (2000) 17-44. Online. Accessed via Project Muse on April 23, 2006
  26. ^ Bahan, B., and J. Poole-Nash. "The Signing Community on Martha's Vineyard". Unpublished address to the Conference on Deaf Studies IV. Haverhill, Mass. 1995. Quoted in Lane 28
  27. ^ [4]
  28. ^ City Data on Chilmark, Ma
  29. ^ http://www.mvtimes.com/2008/08/14/news/news-in-brief.php
  30. ^ Martha's Vineyard Commission
  31. ^ Martha's Vineyard Community Services
  32. ^ Milton Mazer, M.D. People and Predicaments: Of Life and Distress on Martha’s Vineyard. Published by Harvard University Press (1976), Cambridge, MA.
  33. ^ Possible Dreams Auction
  34. ^ http://www.occ.treas.gov/ftp/craeval/apr09/7957.pdf
  35. ^ Obama island's Brazilian 'engine', BBC News, August 23, 2009
  36. ^ Leonard, Tom (2009-08-28). "The dark side of Martha's Vineyard". London Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/barackobama/6104806/The-dark-side-of-Marthas-Vineyard.html. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  37. ^ Official web site of the Aquinnah Music Festival: http://www.wvvy.org http://aquinnahmusicfestival.com.
    Produced by: Martha's Vineyard Community Radio, WVVY: http://www.wvvy.org

References

  • Gookin,Historical Collections, 53; Railton, "Vineyard's First Harvard men," 91-112.
  • Monaghan, E.J.(2005). Learning to Read and Write in Colonial America University of Massachusetts Press. Boston: MA

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

.Martha's Vineyard[1] is an island located 8 miles off the Cape Cod peninsula in Massachusetts.^ Martha's Vineyard (including the smaller Chappaquiddick Island ) is an island off the south of Cape Cod in New England .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Martha's Vineyard is located approximately seven miles off the southern coast of Cape Cod .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Once a whaling center, it has become a favorite summertime haven of many celebrities.^ Today, the Vineyard has become one of the Northeast 's most prominent summering havens, having attracted numerous celebrity regulars.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Due to this, it has picked up the nickname "Hollywood East". It is the 57th largest island in the United States and third largest on the eastern seaboard.^ Despite popular perceptions of the Vineyard as "Hollywood East", the island is very low-key and quiet; celebrities go to the Vineyard to enjoy the atmosphere, and not to be seen.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Often called just "The Vineyard," the island has a land area of 87.48 square miles (231.75 km²) and is the 58th largest island in the United States , and the third largest on the East Coast of the United States .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While many "Vineyarders" come from all over the United States and abroad, the island tends to be a destination for those within close proximity.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Martha's Vineyard Towns
Martha's Vineyard Towns
.Martha's Vineyard is made up of six towns, each with a selection of restaurants and accommodations.^ Martha's Vineyard is made up of six towns.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each town is also a member of the Martha's Vineyard Commission, which regulates island-wide building, environmental, and aesthetic concerns.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Chilmark, including the fishing village of Menemsha
  • Edgartown, which includes Chappaquiddick Island
  • Oak Bluffs, often mistakenly referred to as Oaks Bluff
  • Tisbury, including the main village of Vineyard Haven in the town center
  • Residents have come to say "up island" to mean western areas of the island -- Aquinnah, Chilmark and West Tisbury.^ Aquinnah , formerly known as Gay Head.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Chilmark , including the fishing village of Menemsha.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tisbury , which includes the main village of Vineyard Haven , and the West Chop peninsula.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Edgartown, Oak Bluffs and Tisbury are "down island."^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Oak Bluffs enjoys a reputation as one of the more active night-life towns on the island for both residents and tourists, and is also a "wet" town.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is the island's primary port of entry for people and cargo, supplemented by the seasonal port in Oak Bluffs.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .These terms refer not to north or south, but to altitude.
  • Celebrities have been coming to Martha's Vineyard for decades.^ Martha's Vineyard (including the smaller Chappaquiddick Island ) is an island off the south of Cape Cod in New England .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A smaller island to the south was named "Martha's Vineyard" by the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold , who sailed to the island in 1602.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Produced by: Martha's Vineyard Community Radio, WVVY: http://www.wvvy.org [ edit ] References .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Locals have gotten used to them and scarcely seem to notice any more. It's considered impolite to stare.
  • South-facing beaches have the most surf. Uncle Seth's Pond on Lambert's Cove Road is the only freshwater beach and has only very limited parking.
  • Martha's Vineyard Historical Society, 59 School St. (Cooke and School Sts), PO Box 1310, Edgartown, MA 02539, [2]. Open: Summer: mid Jun-early Oct, Tu-Sa 10AM-5PM; Fall: early Oct-mid Dec W,Th,F 1PM-4PM, Sa 10AM-4PM; Winter: early Jan-mid Mar, Sa 10AM- PM; Spring: mid-Mar to mid-Jun, W,T,F 1PM-4PM Sa 10AM-4PM. Authoritative source for history and genealogy on the island. .Excellent exhibits including the Thomas Cooke house, the Francis Foster Museum, the Captain Francis Pease House and Carriage Shed with coverage of whaling and Wampanoag history as well.^ It is characterized by 18th and 19th century homes, including well-preserved whaling captains' homes and historic churches.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Adm.: $7 adult, 6-15years $4, under 6 free.
  • The island's only campground is in Tisbury.
  • The island's newspaper since 1847 has been The Vineyard Gazette, 34 South Summer St., Edgartown, Phone: +1 508-627-4311 Fax: 508-627-7444, [3].
  • Visitors often misspeak the town "Oak Bluffs" as "Oaks Bluff".
  • Steamship Authority Ferries, 65 South St., Hyannis, Phone: +1 508-477-8600, [4].^ Oak Bluffs includes several communities that have been popular destinations for affluent African Americans since the early twentieth century.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Oak Bluffs is most well known for its gingerbread cottages , open harbor, and its vibrant town along busy Circuit Avenue.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .To/from Woods Hole (Falmouth) and Vineyard Haven (year round) or Oak Bluffs (mid-May to mid-Oct).^ Steamship Authority wharf (year-round transportation to Woods Hole, MA and New Bedford, MA ) Owen Park and Legion Field Lake Tashmoo, including Tashmoo Overlook and Tashmoo Opening Vineyard Haven Harbor, including the Marine Railway The Lagoon The Black Dog The Capawock Theatre West Chop , including the West Chop Lighthouse and West Chop Woods Martha's Vineyard Shipyard ( 150 years of history ) [ edit ] Oak Bluffs .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As a coincidental footnote in history, Bishop Haven's gingerbread cottage was located in Oak Bluffs at 10 Clinton Avenue.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The only line that carries autos. .Make reservations well in advance if you're taking your car.
  • Martha's Vineyard Fast Ferry, 1347 Roger Williams Way, Quonset Point, North Kingstown, RI 02852, Phone: +1 401-295-4040, info@vineyardfastferry.com, [5].^ Gay Head Cliffs in Martha's Vineyard The linguist William Labov wrote his MA essay on changes in the Martha's Vineyard dialect of English.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tisbury Street Fair Martha's Vineyard International Film Festival in September Santa arrives on the ferry every December.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com Home .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Between North Kingstown (at Quonset Point), Rhode Island and Oak Bluffs.
  • Island Queen, Phone: +1 508-548-4800, Email: islqueen@cape, [6].^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Oak Bluffs enjoys a reputation as one of the more active night-life towns on the island for both residents and tourists, and is also a "wet" town.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is the island's primary port of entry for people and cargo, supplemented by the seasonal port in Oak Bluffs.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Falmouth harbor to/from Oak Bluffs.
  • New England Fast Ferry, 49 State Pier, New Bedford, MA, +1 866-683-3779, [7].^ Steamship Authority wharf (seasonal transportation to Woods Hole and New Bedford, Massachusetts ) Oak Bluffs Harbor (year-round transportation to Falmouth, Massachusetts and seasonal transportation to Hyannis and Nantucket, Massachusetts , Quonset Point, Rhode Island ) The Flying Horses Carousel (the oldest operating carousel in the United States.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Oak Bluffs is most well known for its gingerbread cottages , open harbor, and its vibrant town along busy Circuit Avenue.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is reached by a ferry that departs from Woods Hole, Massachusetts , and by several other ferries departing from Falmouth , New Bedford , Hyannis , and Quonset Point, Rhode Island .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .To/from New Bedford, Massachusetts.^ It is reached by a ferry that departs from Woods Hole, Massachusetts , and by several other ferries departing from Falmouth , New Bedford , Hyannis , and Quonset Point, Rhode Island .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    One hour.
  • Hy-line Cruises, Phone: +1 800-492-8082 or Phone: +1 508-778-2600, [8]. To/from Hyannis and Oak Bluffs. .Year round.
  • Martha's Vineyard Airport (IATA: MVY), Airport Rd.^ Bus service is provided on the island year-round by the Martha's Vineyard Transit Authority .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The year-round working population of Martha's Vineyard earns thirty percent less on average than other residents of the state while keeping up with a cost of living that is sixty percent higher than average.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The commuter airline , Cape Air offers frequent service to Martha's Vineyard via the Martha's Vineyard Airport (MVY).
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (off West Tisbury Rd), Phone: +1 508-693-7022, [9].
  • Cape Air, Phone: +1 800-352-0714, [10]. Regional airline serving Hyannis, Provincetown, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket with service also to the off cape cities of Boston, Providence (seasonal), and New Bedford.
  • US Airways Express, Phone: +1 800-428-4322. Service from Hyannis(HYA), New York (LGA), Philadelphia(PHL) and Washington(DCA), [11].
.
  • Martha's Vineyard Transit Authority, 11 A Street, Airport Business Park, Edgartown, Phone: +1 508-693-9440, Fax: +1 508-693-9953, info@vineyardtransit.com, [12].^ Tisbury Street Fair Martha's Vineyard International Film Festival in September Santa arrives on the ferry every December.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Edgartown Lighthouse on Martha's Vineyard at dawn, one of five lighthouses on the island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Bus service is provided on the island year-round by the Martha's Vineyard Transit Authority .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Buses run all over the island. $1 each way per town you go through or buy passes. .1 day $7, 3 day $15, 7 day $25, 31 day $40.
  • Adamcab, Phone: +1508-627-4462, +1 800-281-4462.
  • All Island Taxi, Phone: +1 508-693-2929, +1 800-693-TAXI.
  • Atlantic Cab, Phone: +1 508-693-7110, toll-free, +1 877-477-8294.
  • Bluefish Taxi, Phone: +1 508-627-7373.
  • Jon's Taxi, Phone: +1 508-627-4677, +1508-627-5298.
  • Mario's Taxi, Phone: +1 508-693-8399, +1 877-627-6972, +1508-645-2377
  • Martha's Vineyard Taxi Company, Phone: +1 508-693-8660, 877-454-5900..
  • Stagecoach Taxi, Phone: +1 508-693-9632, +1 800-299-5411.
  • Tisbury Taxi, Phone: +1 508-693-7660, +1 508-693-7475.
  • Your Taxi, Phone: +1 508-693-0003, +1 800-396-0003.
  • Anderson's Bike Rentals Circuit Avenue Extension, Oak Bluffs Phone: 508-693-9346
  • Edgartown Bike Rentals, One Main Street, Edgartown, Phone: +1 508-627-4052, Email: edgbike@verizon.net, [13].^ A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tisbury Street Fair Martha's Vineyard International Film Festival in September Santa arrives on the ferry every December.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The island's permanent residents were profiled in a London Telegraph article showing "the dark side of Martha's Vineyard".
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Apr-Oct. Daily 9AM-6PM. Book through phone or email. Delivery.
  • Edgartown Bicycles, 212 Main St., Edgartown, Phone: +1 508-627-9008, manager@edgartownbicycles.com, [14]. Full service and on the bicycle path in Edgartown with parking. .Delivery.
  • Marthas Bike Rentals, 4 Lagoon Pond Rd., Vineyard Haven, Phone: +1 508-693-6593, Email: marthas@marthasvineyardbikes.com, [15].^ Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com Home .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Will deliver to any Island location.
  • Sun 'N Fun, Lake Av., Oak Bluffs, Phone: +1 508-693-5457.
  • Quawk Cycle of Martha's Vineyard, Vineyard Haven, Phone: +1 508-693-1188.
  • DeBettencourt's Bike Shop, Oak Bluffs, Phone: +1 508-693-0011, [16].^ A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The island's permanent residents were profiled in a London Telegraph article showing "the dark side of Martha's Vineyard".
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Mid Jun-Mid Sep. .9AM-6PM. Bike and Jeep rentals
  • Vineyard Vehicles Rentals, Beach Rd., Vineyard Haven, Phone: +1 508-693-1185.
  • Adventure Rentals, 19 Beach Rd., Vineyard Haven, Phone: +1 508-693-1959, [17].
  • King's Rental, Inc., Circuit Av., Oak Bluffs, Phone: +1 508-693-1887.
  • Vineyard Bike & Moped, Oak Bluffs Av., Oak Bluffs, Phone: +1 508-693-6886.
  • A-A Island Auto Rental, 800-627-6333, 508-696-5300, info@mvautorental.com, [18].^ Oak Bluffs is most well known for its gingerbread cottages , open harbor, and its vibrant town along busy Circuit Avenue.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As a coincidental footnote in history, Bishop Haven's gingerbread cottage was located in Oak Bluffs at 10 Clinton Avenue.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Locations in Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown
  • A small ferry for bicycles and pedestrians runs from North Road on the northeastern side of Menemsha Harbor to West Basin Road on the southwestern side of the harbor.
  • The Gay Head cliffs at Aquinnah are a "must see". Moshup Beach below the cliffs was also named as at top ten "walking beach" by the Travel Channel in 2003, beating out beaches in Hermosa Beach, CA and Maui.^ Aquinnah , formerly known as Gay Head.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are now three locations - in Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Kennedy's mother, former U.S. first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis , maintained a home in Aquinnah (formerly Gay Head ) until her death in 1994.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Menemsha is one of the few places on the east coast where you can see the sunset over the water.^ Sorry, no help there, except to say: you can call Larsen's fish market in Menemsha, order lobsters for just about sunset time, and go eat them on the beach and see the most beautiful sunset while eating lobster.
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    Be sure to enjoy lobster from Menemsha Fish Market [19] or takeout from the Homeport Restaurant [20] on the dock while watching the sunset.
  • Cape Poge Lighthouse. Located at the northern tip of Chappaquiddick. A 4-wheel drive vehicle is required to visit it. .Tours available by the Trustees of Reservations [21]
  • Gay Head Lighthouse.^ Gay Head cliffs Gay Head Lighthouse Lobsterville [ edit ] Well-known beaches .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Lucy Vincent Beach Tiasquam River Menemsha Hills Reservation The Chilmark Community Center Beetlebung Corner [ edit ] Aquinnah (Formerly "Gay Head") .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Located at the end of State Rd in Aquinnah. Open to the public for sunset tours from mid-June to mid-September. [22]
  • East Chop Lighthouse. .Located on Highland Dr in Oak Bluffs.^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As a coincidental footnote in history, Bishop Haven's gingerbread cottage was located in Oak Bluffs at 10 Clinton Avenue.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Open to the public for sunset tours from mid-June to mid-September. [23]
  • Edgartown Lighthouse. .Located in Edgartown harbor, this lighthouse was recently made open to the public.^ It is located at the opening of Edgartown harbor.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    You can walk up to the top for $5 per person (children under 12 are free). .Follow the path off of N Water St in front of the Harbor View hotel.
  • West Chop Lighthouse.^ It can be viewed by walking north on North Water Street to an area adjacent to the Harborview Hotel.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .At the north end of Main St in Vineyard Haven.^ I am a fan of the small fish market on State St. Vineyard Haven (I believe this is the same one previously mentioned as a poor choice for a restaurant).
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Tisbury , which includes the main village of Vineyard Haven , and the West Chop peninsula.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Just under 2 miles from downtown Vineyard Haven. Not open to the public.
  • South Beach. Located in Katama section of Edgartown, this is a large public beach with good surf. Free parking, a few miles bike ride from downtown Edgartown, or via the MV bus system.
  • State Beach. Located between Oak Bluffs and Edgartown, on Oak Bluffs Edgartown Rd, this is a large public beach with practically no waves. A good beach for young children. .Free parking available along Oak Bluffs Edgartown Rd.
  • Aquinnah Beach (Moshup Beach).^ Oak Bluffs is most well known for its gingerbread cottages , open harbor, and its vibrant town along busy Circuit Avenue.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Dubbed "The Inkwell," this small beach is central to Oak Bluffs and within short walking distance to many of the homes of the more notable black families.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are now three locations - in Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    Located at the far western end of the island, this is a public beach with pay parking available. .A small walk is required from the pay lots to the beach.^ Dubbed "The Inkwell," this small beach is central to Oak Bluffs and within short walking distance to many of the homes of the more notable black families.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This beach is known for the picturesque clay cliffs that rise up from the edge of the beach.^ Gay Head cliffs Gay Head Lighthouse Lobsterville [ edit ] Well-known beaches .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Nudity has at times been common and tolerated on the northern end of the beach.
  • Lucy Vincent Beach. .Located off of South Rd in Chilmark (listed as Lucy Vincent Rd on some maps, it is a dirt road just before the big bend at Windy Gates Rd), this is a private beach for town residents [24] during the summer.^ Most Vineyard social life occurs in private, down country roads, and not in the small towns, only two of which even sell alcohol.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Vineyard grew as a tourist destination primarily because of its very pleasant summer weather (during summers, the temperature rarely breaks 90°F) and many beautiful beaches.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ United+States-South+Carolina-Southeast-Myrtle+Beach-North+Myrtle+Beach-17116.html Best Rate Guaranteed, Plus $75 Call-in Bonus- North Myrtle Beach Rental Home w/Private Pool ****Call Elliott Beach Rentals for the best rate guaranteed, plus receive an additional $75 off when...

    Nudity is allowed in the area that is more than 1,500 feet from the entrance. It is open to the public during the off-season, October 1 through May 31. A great beach.
.The island also offers several first class art galleries for the art lovers making a visit.^ Clinton was not the first president to visit the islands; Ulysses S. Grant visited the vacation residence of his friend, Bishop Gilbert Haven on August 24, 1874.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Several of the best are:
.
  • Island Art Gallery (508) 693-3948 Tisbury/Vineyard Haven
  • All Things Millie Briggs -- (508) 693-9232 (Tisbury/Vineyard Haven)
  • Chilmark Gallery -- (508) 645-2587 (Chilmark)
  • Edgartown Scrimshaw Gallery, Inc.^ While many "Vineyarders" come from all over the United States and abroad, the island tends to be a destination for those within close proximity.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tisbury , which includes the main village of Vineyard Haven , and the West Chop peninsula.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are now three locations - in Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    -- (508) 627-9439 (Edgartown)
  • Golf
.For those who like to add a challenge to their walks, the island offers several public golf courses.^ Various writers have been inspired by the island—including the mystery writer Philip Craig who set several novels on the island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Farm Neck Golf Course -- (508) 693-3057 (Oak Bluffs)
  • Island Cove Mini Golf -- (508) 693-2611 (Tisbury/Vineyard Haven)
  • Mink Meadows Golf Course -- (508) 693-0600 (Tisbury/Vineyard Haven)
  • Bicycling.^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ As a coincidental footnote in history, Bishop Haven's gingerbread cottage was located in Oak Bluffs at 10 Clinton Avenue.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Oak Bluffs enjoys a reputation as one of the more active night-life towns on the island for both residents and tourists, and is also a "wet" town.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    As small as people think the Vineyard is, it covers 100 square miles and offers a great cycling opportunity to visitors. Most of the islands roads are accompanied by a bike path. .With most of the island being relatively flat, this is a great opportunity for cyclists of all ages and levels to see the island in a different way and help reduce traffic congestion while doing so.^ It's a great way to tour the island, too.
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    The terrain up island tends to be a bit more hilly and windy.
During tourist season the roads do get congested and care should be taken to keep an eye on street traffic as well as pedestrians. Also, be sure to obey all traffic laws as they also apply to cyclists and be aware that all cyclists under 16 MUST wear a helmet.
  • Hiking
.Several local groups have helped preserve many acres of land on the island, including miles of shoreline, for public use.^ Various writers have been inspired by the island—including the mystery writer Philip Craig who set several novels on the island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This makes the Vineyard a great place to see on foot. Whether hiking the cliffs of Aquinnah or walking down to one of the great fishing spots available there is a hike to suit all visitors to the island.
*Waskosim's Rock Reservation, Chilmark. Stand atop one of the highest peaks on the Island, travel alongside a pretty brook and trek across foothills and valleys on this 184-acre preserve.
*Cedar Creek Neck Wildlife Sanctuary, West Tisbury. .Miles of trails lead you over hills, alongside brooks and bogs and to a wonderful rocky beach on Vineyard Sound overlooking the Elizabeth Islands.^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

*Aquinnah Cliffs and Beach. A spectacular view awaits at the top of these 150-foot cliffs, while miles of shoreline below invite walkers.
.
  • Horse Back Riding Lessons available at Red Pony Farm in West Tisbury, MA
  • Want to learn to sail?^ I wasn't particularly impressed with the West Tisbury farmer's market compared to just heading over to the farm stands.
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I thought the West Tisbury market was not impressive (and wished I was home in Ithaca), but the local farms were nice.
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    Programs for all ages and skill levels available at Sail Martha’s Vineyard - 110 Main Street, Vineyard Haven, MA 02568
  • Get SCUBA certified at Vineyard SCUBA in Oak Bluffs, MA
  • Learn how to Ocean Row at Sail Martha’s Vineyard – Great for the Whole Family to Enjoy
  • Surf supplies and surf lessons are offered at the Green Room, Main St., Vineyard Haven, MA
  • Public programs available all month long at the Massachusetts’ Audubon Center at Felix Neck.

Annual Activities

All towns
.
  • Annual Martha's Vineyard Striped Bass and Bluefish Derby (Sept.^ Annual Martha's Vineyard Striped Bass and Bluefish Derby (Sept.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ July parade and fireworks 12 Meter Boat Race at the Edgartown Yacht Club (Featuring many winning America's Cup boats) Martha's Vineyard Striped Bass and Bluefish Derby (Early Fall) [ edit ] Oak Bluffs .
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    15 - Oct. 15)
Aquinnah
  • Aquinnah Music Festival
Chilmark
  • Chilmark Road Race (August)
Edgartown
  • 4th of July parade and fireworks
  • 12 Meter Boat Race at the Edgartown Yacht Club (Featuring many winning America's Cup boats)
  • Martha's Vineyard Striped Bass and Bluefish Derby (Early Fall)

Eat

.The island supports a full range of restaurants from casual to fine dining.^ In short, I am wondering what should be on the Amateur Gourmet's dining itinerary for both cooking in, and eating out (fine and casual) on Martha's Vineyard?
  • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

  • Lobster Tales Catering, 508-627-5933, [25]. Specializing in traditional New England clambakes.
  • Theo's Restaurant, (508) 645-3322, 74 North Road, Chilmark
  • David Ryan's Restaurant, (508) 627-4100, 11 N Water St, Edgartown

Drink

.The only two towns on the island that permit the selling of alcohol are Edgartown and Oak Bluffs.^ Most Vineyard social life occurs in private, down country roads, and not in the small towns, only two of which even sell alcohol.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nancy's and Lily Jean's in Oak Bluffs are also two of our go-to standbys for a lunch or two at the picnic tables.
  • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

^ Oak Bluffs is most well known for its gingerbread cottages , open harbor, and its vibrant town along busy Circuit Avenue.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The remaining four towns have a "BYO" policy at most restaurants, enabling diners to bring their own alcoholic beverages.^ Most Vineyard social life occurs in private, down country roads, and not in the small towns, only two of which even sell alcohol.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Places to grab a drink with (or without) dinner are
  • Sharky's Cantina. .31 Circuit Ave, Oak Bluffs 508-693-7501 & 266 Upper Main St, Edgartown 508-627-6565
  • Sidecar Cafe' and Bar.^ Oak Bluffs is most well known for its gingerbread cottages , open harbor, and its vibrant town along busy Circuit Avenue.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    20 Kennebec Ave, Oak Bluffs, 508-693-6261

Sleep

.The island of Martha's Vineyard features a surprising number of options for lodging.^ A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The island's permanent residents were profiled in a London Telegraph article showing "the dark side of Martha's Vineyard".
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Victorian inns, sizable resorts, and private cottages are all available, residing mostly in Oak Bluffs and Vineyard Haven.^ A gingerbread cottage at Oak Bluffs, Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oak Bluffs is most well known for its gingerbread cottages , open harbor, and its vibrant town along busy Circuit Avenue.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.
  • Pequot Hotel 19 Pequot Avenue, Oak Bluffs (508) 693-5087
  • Island Inn 30 Island Inn Road Oak Bluffs (508) 693-2002
  • The Madison Inn 18 Kennebee Avenue, Oak Bluffs (508) 693-2760
  • Ashley Inn Bed & Breakfast 129 Main Street, Edgartown (508) 627-9655
  • The Edgartown Heritage Hotel 227 Upper Main Street, Edgartown (800) 922-3009
  • The Clark House Inn 20 Edgartown Road, Vineyard Haven (508) 693-3226
  • The Crocker House Inn 12 Crocker Avenue, Vineyard Haven (508) 693-1151
  • The Dockside Inn 9 Circuit Avenue, Oak Bluffs (800) 245-5979
  • The Harbor View Hotel & Resort, 131 North Water Street, Edgartown (800) 225-6005
  • The Hanover House 28 Edgartown Road, Vineyard Haven (800) 696-8633
  • High Haven House 85 Summer Street, Vineyard Haven (508) 693-9204
  • Lambert's Cove Inn & Restaurant 90 Manaquayak Road, Vineyard Haven (508) 693-2298,
  • The Lightkeepers Inn 25 Simpson's Lane, Edgartown (800) 946-3400
  • Mansion House 9 Main Street, Vineyard Haven (800) 332-4112
  • The Nashua House Hotel 30 Kennebec Avenue, Oak Bluffs(508) 693-0043
  • The Thorncroft Inn 460 Main St., Vineyard Haven (508) 693-3333
  • Mansion House (Martha's Vineyard Hotel & Spa), 9 Main Street Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts (MA) 02568 (From the Ferry in Vineyard Haven, it's just a short walk to Mansion House at the beginning of Main Street), 800.332.4112, [26].^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Edgartown Lighthouse on Martha's Vineyard at dawn, one of five lighthouses on the island.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A gingerbread cottage at Oak Bluffs, Martha's Vineyard.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Mansion House is a luxurious hotel and spa located in beautiful Vineyard Haven.^ There are now three locations - in Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    This quaint property offers 40 upscale guest rooms with modern amenities. The hotel is just a short stroll from various public beaches, shopping, dining, theaters and more. Also well equipped fitness centre and spa.
    $199.  .'sleep', 'Martha\'s_Vineyard');return false;" title="click to edit Mansion House">edit
  • There is very little crime anywhere on Martha's Vineyard.
  • Beware of poison ivy, a low-growing vine (which may climb) with three shiny leaves.^ A study by the Martha's Vineyard Commission found that the cost of living on the island is 60 percent higher than the national average and housing prices are 96 percent higher.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It's a little place (a small cottage in Vineyard Haven, very casual, very close to the ferry) so expect a wait, but it's well worth it.
    • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Consequently, as intermarriage and further migration joined the people of Martha's Vineyard to the mainland, the island community more and more resembled the wider community there.
    • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    It can cause skin inflamation at any time.
  • Ticks can be a problem and may carry Lyme Disease. Also, ticks in Aquinnah, particularly at Moshup Beach, may carry Tularemia. Martha's Vineyard is the only place in the continental US where Tularemia has been known to be carried and transmitted by tick bite.
  • When you are at the beach, swimmers should be aware of jellyfish that float north in the summer.
This is a usable article. It gives a good overview of the region, its sights, and how to get in, as well as links to the main destinations, whose articles are similarly well developed. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.MARTHA'S VINEYARD, an island including the greater part of Dukes county, Massachusetts, U.S.A., lying about 3 m.^ MARTHA'S VINEYARD, an island including the greater part of Dukes county, Massachusetts , U.S.A., lying about 3 m.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the village expanded 1 Mayhew was born at Tisbury, Wiltshire , was a merchant in Southampton , emigrated to Massachusetts about 1633, settled at Watertown , Mass., in 3635; was a member of the Massachusetts General Court in 1636-1644, and after 1644 or 1645 lived on Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sally Taylor 's Quick Info Sally Taylor's date of birth is: 7 January 1974, She was born in Martha%27s Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA. Sally Taylor's birth name is Sarah Maria Taylo.
  • Sally Taylor Pictures, Polls, Biography, Nude Reviews, Forum, Fan Sites & News. 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.celebsrc.com [Source type: General]

off the southern coast of that state. Its extreme length (east to west) is about 20 m., and its extreme width (north to south) about 92 m. .Along its north-west and a portion of its north-east shore lies Vineyard Sound.^ Along its north-west and a portion of its north-east shore lies Vineyard Sound .
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The principal villages are Oak Bluffs on the north-east coast, facing Vineyard Sound; Vineyard Haven, in Tisbury township, beautifully situated on the west shore of Vineyard Haven Harbor, and Edgartown on Edgartown Harbor - all summer resorts.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Martha's Vineyard is divided into the following townships (from east to west): Edgartown (in the south-east of the island), pop.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Its principal bays are Vineyard Haven Harbor, a deep indentation at the northernmost angle of the island; and, on the eastern coast, Edgartown Harbor and Katama Bay, both formed by the juxtaposition of Chappaquiddick Island. .The surface is mainly flat, excepting a strip about 2 m.^ The surface is mainly flat, excepting a strip about 2 m.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

broad along the north-western coast, and the two western townships .(Chilmark and Gay Head), which are hilly, with several eminences of 200 to 300 ft.^ (Chilmark and Gay Head), which are hilly, with several eminences of 200 to 300 ft.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gay Head Light, a beacon near the western extremity, stands among picturesque cliffs, 145 ft.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gay Head township was set off from Chilmark, and incorporated in 1870.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

- the highest, .Prospect Peak, in Chilmark township, 308 ft.^ Prospect Peak, in Chilmark township, 308 ft.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gay Head Light, a beacon near the western extremity, stands among picturesque cliffs, 145 ft.^ Gay Head Light, a beacon near the western extremity, stands among picturesque cliffs, 145 ft.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Chilmark and Gay Head), which are hilly, with several eminences of 200 to 300 ft.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

above the sea. Along the southern coast are many ponds, all shut off from the ocean by a narrow strip of land, excepting Tisbury Great Pond, which has a small outlet to the sea. .Others are Sengekontacket Pond on the eastern coast; Lagoon Pond, which is practically an arm of Vineyard Haven Harbor; and, about a mile east of the Harbor, Chappaquonsett Pond.^ I don't know about Martha's Vineyard, but people have been known to get ill from collecting shellfish from waters containing red tide in other parts of New England.
  • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

.Martha's Vineyard is divided into the following townships (from east to west): Edgartown (in the south-east of the island), pop.^ Martha's Vineyard is divided into the following townships (from east to west): Edgartown (in the south-east of the island), pop.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its principal bays are Vineyard Haven Harbor, a deep indentation at the northernmost angle of the island; and, on the eastern coast, Edgartown Harbor and Katama Bay, both formed by the juxtaposition of Chappaquiddick Island.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The population of the entire country, which includes the Elizabeth Islands, north-west of Martha's Vineyard; Chappaquiddick Island (Edgartown township), and No Man's Land (a small island south-west of Martha's Vineyard), was 4561 in 1900 (of whom 645 were foreign-born, including 79 Portuguese and 72 English-Canadians, and 154 Indians), and in 1905, 455 1.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(1905, state census), 1175; area, 29.7 sq. m..; .Oak Bluffs (north-eastern portion), pop.^ Oak Bluffs (north-eastern portion), pop.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(1905), 1138; area, 7.9 sq. m.; Tisbury, pop. (1905), 1120; area, 7.1 sq. m.; West Tisbury, pop. (1905), 457; area, 30-5 sq. m.; Chilmark, pop. (1905), 322; area, 19.4 sq. m.; and .Gay Head, pop.^ Gay Head, pop.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(1905), 178; area, 5.2 sq. m. .The population of the entire country, which includes the Elizabeth Islands, north-west of Martha's Vineyard; Chappaquiddick Island (Edgartown township), and No Man's Land (a small island south-west of Martha's Vineyard), was 4561 in 1900 (of whom 645 were foreign-born, including 79 Portuguese and 72 English-Canadians, and 154 Indians), and in 1905, 455 1. The principal villages are Oak Bluffs on the north-east coast, facing Vineyard Sound; Vineyard Haven, in Tisbury township, beautifully situated on the west shore of Vineyard Haven Harbor, and Edgartown on Edgartown Harbor - all summer resorts.^ Martha's Vineyard Regional High School , which is located in Oak Bluffs , serves the entire island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Edgartown Lighthouse on Martha's Vineyard at dawn, one of five lighthouses on the island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The population of the entire country, which includes the Elizabeth Islands, north-west of Martha's Vineyard; Chappaquiddick Island (Edgartown township), and No Man's Land (a small island south-west of Martha's Vineyard), was 4561 in 1900 (of whom 645 were foreign-born, including 79 Portuguese and 72 English-Canadians, and 154 Indians), and in 1905, 455 1.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.No Man's Land, included politically in Chilmark township, lies about 62 m.^ No Man's Land, included politically in Chilmark township, lies about 62 m.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MARTHA'S VINEYARD, an island including the greater part of Dukes county, Massachusetts , U.S.A., lying about 3 m.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

south of Gay Head. It is about 12 m. long .(east and west) and about 1 m.^ Its extreme length (east to west) is about 20 m., and its extreme width (north to south) about 92 m.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

wide, is composed of treeless swamps, and is used mainly for sheep-grazing; the neighbouring waters are excellent fishing ground. .Martha's Vineyard is served by steamship lines from Wood's Hole and New Bedford to Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.^ Martha's Vineyard is served by steamship lines from Wood's Hole and New Bedford to Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are now three locations - in Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.
  • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1783 several Edgartown families joined the association made up of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Providence and Newport whalers, who founded Hudson , on the Hudson river , in Columbia county, New York.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Martha's Vineyard railway (from Oak Bluffs to the south-east extremity of the island, by way of Edgartown), opened in 1874, was not a financial success, and had been practically abandoned in 1909, but an electric line from Oak Bluffs to Vineyard Haven provides transit facilities for that part of the island.^ Martha's Vineyard is divided into the following townships (from east to west): Edgartown (in the south-east of the island), pop.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Martha's Vineyard is served by steamship lines from Wood's Hole and New Bedford to Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are now three locations - in Vineyard Haven, Oak Bluffs, and Edgartown.
  • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

.For more than a century whale fishing was practically the sole industry of Martha's Vineyard.^ For more than a century whale fishing was practically the sole industry of Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus for a time Martha 's Vineyard was officially named Marthas Vineyard , but the Board reversed its decision in the early 20th century, making Martha 's ...
  • Excite - Search: Martha S Vineyard 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC msxml.excite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the whaling era, wealthy Boston sea captains and merchant traders often created estates on Martha's Vineyard with their trading profits.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was carried on at first from the shore in small boats; but by the first decade of the 18th century vessels especially built for the purpose were being used, and by 1760 shore fishing had been practically abandoned.^ It was carried on at first from the shore in small boats; but by the first decade of the 18th century vessels especially built for the purpose were being used, and by 1760 shore fishing had been practically abandoned.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For more than a century whale fishing was practically the sole industry of Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The industry, seriously crippled by invasions of British troops during the War of American Independence - especially by a force which landed at Holmes's Hole (Vineyard Haven) in September 1778 - and again during the War of 1812, revived and was at its height in 1840-1850, only to receive another setback during the Civil War.^ The industry, seriously crippled by invasions of British troops during the War of American Independence - especially by a force which landed at Holmes's Hole (Vineyard Haven) in September 1778 - and again during the War of 1812, revived and was at its height in 1840-1850, only to receive another setback during the Civil War.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its principal village, Vineyard Haven, was called "Holmes's Hole" (in honour of one of the early settlers) until 1871, when the present name was adopted.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Originally (and still) inhabited by, although the numbers are few, the Wampanoag Native Americans , Martha's Vineyard was known in their language as Noepe , or "land amid the streams."
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the last part of the ,9th century its decline was rapid, not only because of the increasing scarcity of whales, but because of the introduction of the mineral oils, and by the end of the century whaling had ceased to be of any economic importance. Herring fishing,. on both the north and the south shore, occupies a small percentage of the inhabitants, and there is also some deep-sea fishing. .Sheep-raising, especially for wool, is an industry of considerable importance, and Dukes county is one of the three most important counties of the state in this industry.^ Sheep-raising, especially for wool , is an industry of considerable importance, and Dukes county is one of the three most important counties of the state in this industry.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "They are kind and considerate to one another and especially to the poor," Leavitt noted.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In contrast to the seasonal influx of wealthy visitors, Dukes County remains one of the poorest in the state.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Martha's Vineyard was discovered in 1602 by Captain Bar tholomew Gosnold, who landed (May 21) on the island now called No Man's Land, and named it Martha's Vineyard,' which name was subsequently applied to the larger island.^ Martha's Vineyard was discovered in 1602 by Captain Bar tholomew Gosnold, who landed (May 21) on the island now called No Man's Land, and named it Martha's Vineyard,' which name was subsequently applied to the larger island.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "It was named Martha's Vineyard by the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold, who sailed to the island in 1602.
  • Does Martha Stuart own Martha's vineyard? - Yahoo! Answers 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ A smaller island to the south was named "Martha's Vineyard" by the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold , who sailed to the island in 1602.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Captain Gosnold rounded Gay Head, which he named Dover Cliff, and established on what is now Cuttyhunk Island, which he called Elizabeth Island, the first (though, as it proved, a temporary) English settlement in New England.^ Captain Gosnold rounded Gay Head, which he named Dover Cliff, and established on what is now Cuttyhunk Island, which he called Elizabeth Island, the first (though, as it proved, a temporary) English settlement in New England .
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kennedy's mother, former U.S. first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis , maintained a home in Aquinnah (formerly Gay Head ) until her death in 1994.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gay Head Cliffs in Martha's Vineyard The linguist William Labov wrote his MA essay on changes in the Martha's Vineyard dialect of English.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The entire line of sixteen islands, of which Cuttyhunk is the westernmost of the larger ones, have since been called the Elizabeth Islands: they form the dividing line between Buzzards Bay and Vineyard Sound, and in 1864 were incorporated as Gosnold township (pop.^ The entire line of sixteen islands, of which Cuttyhunk is the westernmost of the larger ones, have since been called the Elizabeth Islands: they form the dividing line between Buzzards Bay and Vineyard Sound, and in 1864 were incorporated as Gosnold township (pop.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its principal bays are Vineyard Haven Harbor, a deep indentation at the northernmost angle of the island; and, on the eastern coast, Edgartown Harbor and Katama Bay, both formed by the juxtaposition of Chappaquiddick Island.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Captain Gosnold rounded Gay Head, which he named Dover Cliff, and established on what is now Cuttyhunk Island, which he called Elizabeth Island, the first (though, as it proved, a temporary) English settlement in New England .
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

in 1905, 161) of Dukes county.
.The territory within the jurisdiction of the Council for New England was parcelled in 1635 among the patentees in such 1 In the 17th century both "Martha's Vineyard" and "Martin's Vineyard" were used, and the latter appears in a book as early as.^ The territory within the jurisdiction of the Council for New England was parcelled in 1635 among the patentees in such 1 In the 17th century both "Martha's Vineyard" and "Martin's Vineyard" were used, and the latter appears in a book as early as.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus for a time Martha 's Vineyard was officially named Marthas Vineyard , but the Board reversed its decision in the early 20th century, making Martha 's ...
  • Excite - Search: Martha S Vineyard 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC msxml.excite.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't know about Martha's Vineyard, but people have been known to get ill from collecting shellfish from waters containing red tide in other parts of New England.
  • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

.1638 and in another as late as 1699, and on a map as late as 1670. It seems probable that the original form was Martin, the name of one of Gosnold's crew; according to some authorities the name Martha's Vineyard was adopted by Mayhew in honour of his wife or daughter.^ It seems probable that the original form was Martin , the name of one of Gosnold's crew ; according to some authorities the name Martha's Vineyard was adopted by Mayhew in honour of his wife or daughter.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gosnold perhaps named Martha's Vineyard after his daughter" that's pretty funny though.
  • Does Martha Stuart own Martha's vineyard? - Yahoo! Answers 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ It seems probable that Forrett acted without authority, and his successor, Forrester, was arrested by the Dutch in New Amsterdam and sent to Holland before he could confirm the transfer.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

term

owing to insufficient knowledge of the .geography of the coast - that both William Alexander, earl of Stirling, and Sir Ferdinando Gorges, proprietor of Maine, claimed Martha's Vineyard.^ William Alexander , earl of Stirling , and Sir Ferdinando Gorges , proprietor of Maine , claimed Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its principal bays are Vineyard Haven Harbor, a deep indentation at the northernmost angle of the island; and, on the eastern coast, Edgartown Harbor and Katama Bay, both formed by the juxtaposition of Chappaquiddick Island.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gay Head Cliffs in Martha's Vineyard The linguist William Labov wrote his MA essay on changes in the Martha's Vineyard dialect of English.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1641 Stirling's agent, Forrett, sold to Thomas Mayhew (1592-1682), 1 of Watertown, Massachusetts, for $200, the island of Nantucket, with several smaller neighbouring islands, and also Martha's Vineyard.^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1641 Stirling's agent , Forrett, sold to Thomas Mayhew (1592-1682), 1 of Watertown, Massachusetts , for $200, the island of Nantucket , with several smaller neighbouring islands, and also Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1783 several Edgartown families joined the association made up of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Providence and Newport whalers, who founded Hudson , on the Hudson river , in Columbia county, New York.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It seems probable that Forrett acted without authority, and his successor, Forrester, was arrested by the Dutch in New Amsterdam and sent to Holland before he could confirm the transfer.^ It seems probable that Forrett acted without authority, and his successor, Forrester, was arrested by the Dutch in New Amsterdam and sent to Holland before he could confirm the transfer.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1644 the Commissioners of the United Colonies, apparently at the request of the inhabitants of Martha's Vineyard, annexed the island to Massachusetts, but ten years later the islanders declared their independence of that colony, and apparently for the next decade managed their own affairs.^ Does Martha Stuart own Martha's vineyard?
  • Does Martha Stuart own Martha's vineyard? - Yahoo! Answers 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1644 the Commissioners of the United Colonies, apparently at the request of the inhabitants of Martha's Vineyard, annexed the island to Massachusetts, but ten years later the islanders declared their independence of that colony , and apparently for the next decade managed their own affairs.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the village expanded 1 Mayhew was born at Tisbury, Wiltshire , was a merchant in Southampton , emigrated to Massachusetts about 1633, settled at Watertown , Mass., in 3635; was a member of the Massachusetts General Court in 1636-1644, and after 1644 or 1645 lived on Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Meanwhile Mayhew had recognized the jurisdiction of Maine; 2 and though the officials of that province showed no disposition to press their claim, it seems that this technical suzerainty continued until 1664, when the Duke of York received from his brother, Charles II., the charter for governing New York, New Jersey, and other territory, including Martha's Vineyard.^ Meanwhile Mayhew had recognized the jurisdiction of Maine; 2 and though the officials of that province showed no disposition to press their claim, it seems that this technical suzerainty continued until 1664, when the Duke of York received from his brother, Charles II ., the charter for governing New York , New Jersey , and other territory, including Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1683, Dukes County, New York was incorporated, including Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1783 several Edgartown families joined the association made up of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Providence and Newport whalers, who founded Hudson , on the Hudson river , in Columbia county, New York.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1671 Governor Francis Lovelace, of New York, appointed Mayhew governor for life of Martha's Vineyard; in 1683, the island, with Nantucket, the Elizabeth Islands, No Man's Land, and Chappaquiddick Island were erected into Dukes county, and in 1695 the county was re-incorporated by Massachusetts with Nantucket excluded.^ British settlement had its origins in the purchase of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands by Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1683, Dukes County, New York was incorporated, including Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sally Taylor 's Quick Info Sally Taylor's date of birth is: 7 January 1974, She was born in Martha%27s Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA. Sally Taylor's birth name is Sarah Maria Taylo.
  • Sally Taylor Pictures, Polls, Biography, Nude Reviews, Forum, Fan Sites & News. 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.celebsrc.com [Source type: General]

.Under the new charter of Massachusetts Bay (1691), after some dispute between Massachusetts and New York, Martha's Vineyard became a part of Massachusetts.^ Under the new charter of Massachusetts Bay (1691), after some dispute between Massachusetts and New York, Martha's Vineyard became a part of Massachusetts.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1783 several Edgartown families joined the association made up of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Providence and Newport whalers, who founded Hudson , on the Hudson river , in Columbia county, New York.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sally Taylor 's Quick Info Sally Taylor's date of birth is: 7 January 1974, She was born in Martha%27s Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA. Sally Taylor's birth name is Sarah Maria Taylo.
  • Sally Taylor Pictures, Polls, Biography, Nude Reviews, Forum, Fan Sites & News. 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.celebsrc.com [Source type: General]

.There is a tradition that the first settlement of Martha's Vineyard was made in 1632, at or near the present site of Edgartown village, by several English families forming part of a company bound for Virginia, their ship having put in at this harbour on account of heavy weather.^ There is a tradition that the first settlement of Martha's Vineyard was made in 1632, at or near the present site of Edgartown village, by several English families forming part of a company bound for Virginia , their ship having put in at this harbour on account of heavy weather.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Martha's Vineyard Indians were subject to the Wampanoag tribe, on the mainland, were expert watermen, and were very numerous when the whites first came.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1783 several Edgartown families joined the association made up of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Providence and Newport whalers, who founded Hudson , on the Hudson river , in Columbia county, New York.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is certain, however, that in 1642, the year after Thomas Mayhew bought the island, his son, also named Thomas Mayhew (c. 1616-1657), and several other persons established a plantation on the site of what is now Edgartown village.^ It is certain, however, that in 1642, the year after Thomas Mayhew bought the island, his son, also named Thomas Mayhew ( c.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Captain Gosnold rounded Gay Head, which he named Dover Cliff, and established on what is now Cuttyhunk Island, which he called Elizabeth Island, the first (though, as it proved, a temporary) English settlement in New England .
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1641 Stirling's agent , Forrett, sold to Thomas Mayhew (1592-1682), 1 of Watertown, Massachusetts , for $200, the island of Nantucket , with several smaller neighbouring islands, and also Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This settlement was at first called "Great Harbor," but soon after Mayhew was appointed governor of the island it was named Edgartown, probably in honour of the only surviving son of the Duke of York.^ The name was soon transferred to the big island.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This settlement was at first called "Great Harbor," but soon after Mayhew was appointed governor of the island it was named Edgartown, probably in honour of the only surviving son of the Duke of York.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His son, also Thomas Mayhew, began the first English settlement in 1642 at Great Harbor (later Edgartown, Massachusetts ).
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The younger Mayhew, soon after removing to Martha's Vineyard, devoted himself to missionary work among the Indians, his work beginning at about the same time as that of John Eliot; he was lost at sea in 1657 while on his way to secure financial assistance in England, and his work was continued successfully by his father.^ The younger Mayhew, soon after removing to Martha's Vineyard, devoted himself to missionary work among the Indians, his work beginning at about the same time as that of John Eliot ; he was lost at sea in 1657 while on his way to secure financial assistance in England, and his work was continued successfully by his father.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Martha's Vineyard Indians were subject to the Wampanoag tribe, on the mainland, were expert watermen, and were very numerous when the whites first came.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the village expanded 1 Mayhew was born at Tisbury, Wiltshire , was a merchant in Southampton , emigrated to Massachusetts about 1633, settled at Watertown , Mass., in 3635; was a member of the Massachusetts General Court in 1636-1644, and after 1644 or 1645 lived on Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.3 The township of Edgartown was incorporated in 1671, and is the county-seat of Dukes county.^ The township of Edgartown was incorporated in 1671, and is the county-seat of Dukes county.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tisbury township was bought from the Indians in 1669 and was incorporated in 1671.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1683, Dukes County, New York was incorporated, including Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1783 several Edgartown families joined the association made up of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Providence and Newport whalers, who founded Hudson, on the Hudson river, in Columbia county, New York.^ In 1783 several Edgartown families joined the association made up of Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Providence and Newport whalers, who founded Hudson , on the Hudson river , in Columbia county, New York.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Martha's Vineyard is made up of six towns.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1683, Dukes County, New York was incorporated, including Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Oak Bluffs had its origin as a settlement in the camp meetings, which were begun here in 1835, and by 1860 had grown to large proportions.^ Oak Bluffs had its origin as a settlement in the camp meetings, which were begun here in 1835, and by 1860 had grown to large proportions.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As the village expanded 1 Mayhew was born at Tisbury, Wiltshire, was a merchant in Southampton, emigrated to Massachusetts about 1633, settled at Watertown, Mass., in 3635; was a member of the Massachusetts General Court in 1636-1644, and after 1644 or 1645 lived on Martha's Vineyard.^ As the village expanded 1 Mayhew was born at Tisbury, Wiltshire , was a merchant in Southampton , emigrated to Massachusetts about 1633, settled at Watertown , Mass., in 3635; was a member of the Massachusetts General Court in 1636-1644, and after 1644 or 1645 lived on Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't know about Martha's Vineyard, but people have been known to get ill from collecting shellfish from waters containing red tide in other parts of New England.
  • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1644 the Commissioners of the United Colonies, apparently at the request of the inhabitants of Martha's Vineyard, annexed the island to Massachusetts, but ten years later the islanders declared their independence of that colony , and apparently for the next decade managed their own affairs.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

z .It appears from a letter from Mayhew to Governor Andros in 1675 that about 1641 Mayhew obtained a conveyance to Martha's Vineyard from Richard Vines, agent of Gorges.^ It appears from a letter from Mayhew to Governor Andros in 1675 that about 1641 Mayhew obtained a conveyance to Martha's Vineyard from Richard Vines, agent of Gorges.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As the village expanded 1 Mayhew was born at Tisbury, Wiltshire , was a merchant in Southampton , emigrated to Massachusetts about 1633, settled at Watertown , Mass., in 3635; was a member of the Massachusetts General Court in 1636-1644, and after 1644 or 1645 lived on Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ William Alexander , earl of Stirling , and Sir Ferdinando Gorges , proprietor of Maine , claimed Martha's Vineyard.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.See F. B. Hough, Papers Relating to the Island of Nantucket, with Documents Relating to the Original Settlement of that Island, Martha's Vineyard, fgc. (Albany, N. Y., 1856).^ It’s Sarah Palin saying, “I can see Martha’s Vineyard from my house.” Now THAT is a T-shirt I would buy.
  • Martha’s Vineyard prepares for Barack Obama/Scott Feschuk bromance - Feschuk on the Famous - Macleans.ca 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www2.macleans.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ MARTHA'S VINEYARD, an island including the greater part of Dukes county, Massachusetts , U.S.A., lying about 3 m.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Martha's Vineyard is divided into the following townships (from east to west): Edgartown (in the south-east of the island), pop.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.3 In 1901, a boulder memorial was erected to the younger Mayhew on the West Tisbury road, between the village of that name and Edgartown, marking the spot where the missionary bade farewell to several hundred Indians.^ In 1901, a boulder memorial was erected to the younger Mayhew on the West Tisbury road, between the village of that name and Edgartown, marking the spot where the missionary bade farewell to several hundred Indians.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The principal villages are Oak Bluffs on the north-east coast, facing Vineyard Sound; Vineyard Haven, in Tisbury township, beautifully situated on the west shore of Vineyard Haven Harbor, and Edgartown on Edgartown Harbor - all summer resorts.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tisbury , which includes the main village of Vineyard Haven , and the West Chop peninsula.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Martha's Vineyard Indians were subject to the Wampanoag tribe, on the mainland, were expert watermen, and were very numerous when the whites first came.^ The Martha's Vineyard Indians were subject to the Wampanoag tribe, on the mainland, were expert watermen, and were very numerous when the whites first came.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indian literacy in the schools founded by Mayhew and taught by Peter Folger, the grandfather of Benjamin Franklin , was such that the first Native American graduates of Harvard were from Martha's Vineyard, including the son of Hiacoomes, Joel Hiacoomes.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Originally (and still) inhabited by, although the numbers are few, the Wampanoag Native Americans , Martha's Vineyard was known in their language as Noepe , or "land amid the streams."
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nearly all of them were converted to Christianity by the Mayhews, and they were friendly to the settlers during King Philip's war.^ Nearly all of them were converted to Christianity by the Mayhews, and they were friendly to the settlers during King Philip's war.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During King Phillip's War later in the century the Martha's Vineyard band did not join their tribal relatives in the uprising and remained armed, a testimony to the good relations cultivated by the Mayhews as the leaders of the English colony.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By 1698 their numbers had been reduced to about moo, and by 1764 to about 300. Soon after this they began to intermarry with negroes, and now only faint traces of them remain.^ By 1698 their numbers had been reduced to about moo, and by 1764 to about 300.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Soon after this they began to intermarry with negroes, and now only faint traces of them remain.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remember, Mass is a controlled state including the media, the only reason I heard about the meeting was I was in the local library checking my emails where they had the meeting.
  • Oil politics war and money [Archive] - NAXJA Forums -::- North American XJ Association 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.naxja.org [Source type: Original source]

it took the name of Cottage City. .In 1880 the township was incorporated under that name, which it retained until January 1907, when the name (and that of the village also) was changed to Oak Bluffs.^ It was known as "Cottage City" before being incorporated as Oak Bluffs.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Tisbury township was bought from the Indians in 1669 and was incorporated in 1671. Its principal village, Vineyard Haven, was called "Holmes's Hole" (in honour of one of the early settlers) until 1871, when the present name was adopted.^ Tisbury township was bought from the Indians in 1669 and was incorporated in 1671.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its principal village, Vineyard Haven, was called "Holmes's Hole" (in honour of one of the early settlers) until 1871, when the present name was adopted.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It seems probable that the original form was Martin , the name of one of Gosnold's crew ; according to some authorities the name Martha's Vineyard was adopted by Mayhew in honour of his wife or daughter.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

West Tisbury township was set off from Tisbury, and incorporated in 1892. Chilmark township was incorporated in 1694. Gay Head township was set off from Chilmark, and incorporated in 1870.
.See C. Gilbert Hine, The Story of Martha's Vineyard (New York, 1908); Charles E. Banks, "Martha's Vineyard and the Province of Maine" in Collections and Proceedings of the Maine Historical Society, znd series, vol.^ It’s Sarah Palin saying, “I can see Martha’s Vineyard from my house.” Now THAT is a T-shirt I would buy.
  • Martha’s Vineyard prepares for Barack Obama/Scott Feschuk bromance - Feschuk on the Famous - Macleans.ca 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www2.macleans.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't know from firsthand experience, but last month the New York Times published this article about vacationing/eating on Martha's Vineyard on a budget: .
  • Reader Query: Martha's Vineyard Eats? - The Amateur Gourmet 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.amateurgourmet.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1985, the two islands of Martha's Vineyard and Chappaquiddick Island were included in a new American Viticultural Area designation for wine appellation of origin specification: Martha's Vineyard AVA .
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

ix. p. .123 (Portland, Maine, 1898); and Walter S. Tower, A History of the American Whale Fishery (Philadelphia, 1907).^ (Portland, Maine, 1898); and Walter S. Tower , A History of the American Whale Fishery (Philadelphia, 1907).
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.(G. G.*) Marti, Juan Jose (1570?-1604), Spanish novelist, was born at Orihuela (Valencia) about 1570. He graduated as bachelor of canon law at Valencia in 1591, and in 1598 took his degree as doctor of canon law; in the latter year he was appointed co-examiner in canon law at Valencia University, and held the post for six years.^ He graduated as bachelor of canon law at Valencia in 1591, and in 1598 took his degree as doctor of canon law; in the latter year he was appointed co-examiner in canon law at Valencia University, and held the post for six years.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (G. G.*) Marti, Juan Jose (1570?-1604), Spanish novelist, was born at Orihuela (Valencia) about 1570.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He died at Valencia, and was buried in the cathedral of that city on the 22nd of December 1604. Marti joined the Valencian Academia de los nocturnos, under the name of "Atrevimiento," but is best known by another pseudonym, Mateo Lujan de Sayavedra, under which he issued an apocryphal continuation (1602) of Aleman's Guzman de Alfarache (1599).^ Marti joined the Valencian Academia de los nocturnos, under the name of "Atrevimiento," but is best known by another pseudonym , Mateo Lujan de Sayavedra, under which he issued an apocryphal continuation (1602) of Aleman's Guzman de Alfarache (1599).
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He died at Valencia, and was buried in the cathedral of that city on the 22nd of December 1604.
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On March 5, 1982, John Belushi died of a drug overdose in Los Angeles, California, and was buried four days later in Abel's Hill Cemetery in Chilmark.
  • Martha%27s Vineyard Research - Kparts.com 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC kparts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Marti obtained access to Aleman's unfinished manuscript, and stole some of his ideas; this dishonesty lends point to the sarcastic congratulations which Aleman, in the genuine sequel (1604) pays to his rival's sallies: "I greatly envy them, and should be proud that they were mine." Marti's book is clever, but the circumstances in which it was produced account for its cold reception and afford presumption that the best scenes are not original.
.It has been suggested that Marti is identical with Avellaneda, the writer of a spurious continuation (1614) to Don Quixote; but he died before the first part of Don Quixote was published (1605).^ It has been suggested that Marti is identical with Avellaneda, the writer of a spurious continuation (1614) to Don Quixote; but he died before the first part of Don Quixote was published (1605).
  • Martha's Vineyard - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 7:35 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]



Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Proper noun

Singular
Martha’s Vineyard
Plural
-
  1. An island off the southern coast of Cape Cod famous for once being home to one of the earliest known deaf communities.

Simple English

is roughly triangular in shape and is approximately 20.5 miles (33 kilometers) in length.]]

Martha's Vineyard (adjoining the smaller Chappaquiddick Island) is an island off the southern coast of Cape Cod, both forming a part of the Outer Lands region. It is often called just "the Vineyard". With a land area of 87.48 square miles (231.75 km²), Martha's Vineyard is the 57th largest island in the United States. It is located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, in Dukes County, which also includes Cuttyhunk and the other Elizabeth Islands, as well as the island of Nomans Land).

Coordinates: 41°24′N 70°37′W


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 27, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Martha's Vineyard, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message