|Born||Martin Edward Grossman
January 19, 1965
|Died||February 16, 2010 (aged 45)
Florida State Prison
|Cause||Execution by lethal injection|
|Motive||Avoid breach of probation|
|Charge(s)||First degree murder|
|Conviction(s)||First degree murder|
Martin Edward Grossman (January 19, 1965 – February 16, 2010) was convicted of first degree murder for his part in the December 13, 1984, Florida killing of wildlife officer Peggy Park. He was executed by lethal injection. In the days before his execution, there were a large number of appeals for clemency, ranging from petitions to pleas, as well as a request to halt the execution from Pope Benedict XVI. Grossman, a Jewish American, received strong support from national and international Jewish organizations for his death sentence to be commuted.
Grossman, an only child, grew up having to care for his mentally and physically ill father and uncle, a full time responsibility which led to his dropping out of the ninth grade. His father died when he was 15 years old, followed shortly by his uncle, grandfather and other relatives. Grossman experienced severe depression and used alcohol and a variety of narcotics such as marijuana and PCP. He also took prescription drugs, including Valium and barbiturates, readily available in his mother's medicine cabinet.
On December 13, 1984, Margaret "Peggy" Park, a 26-year-old wildlife officer, came across Grossman (then aged 19) and Thayne Taylor (aged 17) shooting a stolen handgun in a wooded area of Pinellas County, Florida. Grossman, who was on probation for grand theft and other charges after burglarizing a former girlfriend's house, asked her not to turn him in for possessing a weapon and being outside Pasco County. Both were violations of his probation.
As Park picked up her radio to call the sheriff's office, Grossman beat her on the head and shoulders with her flashlight. She was also beaten by Taylor. Park then managed to draw her gun and fire a warning shot. Grossman, a foot taller and 100 pounds heavier than Park, wrestled the gun away from her and shot her once in the back of the head.
Grossman was convicted of first-degree murder, the jury unanimously recommending the death penalty. Taylor was convicted of third degree murder. He was released in community supervision after serving two years and 10 months of a seven-year prison term.
Supporters of Grossman alleged that his trial was improperly handled and that there was mitigating evidence to justify being granted clemency by Governor Charlie Crist, such as the influence of narcotics and incompetence on the part of the legal teams. However, all appeals were denied, with the United States Supreme Court allowing the execution and upholding the opinion of the Florida Supreme Court that the trial was handled properly and that all evidence was allowed to be presented.
According to psychological examinations, the drugs and alcohol Grossman took exacerbated existing psychological and neurological deficits. In his 1990 psychological evaluation and case assessment of Grossman, noted psychiatrist, Dr. Brad Fisher concluded:
"[I]t would be inconsistent and highly illogical to characterize Martin's actions during the murder as rationally directed toward the goals of avoiding arrest or hindering law enforcement. No such goal-oriented behavior or cognition was possible given the severely altered mental state in which Martin was functioning."
Furthermore, a childhood evaluation of Grossman revealed that he scored a 77 on an IQ test: a score which borders on mental retardation. Grossman's lawyers also believed that the case was not properly demonstrated and that there was a lack of sufficient evidence. Also argued was that Grossman was convicted of premeditated muder, despite Grossman maintaining he had no intention of killing Park. On the day of the execution, a final appeal was made to the United States Supreme Court for a hearing; it was ruled that the execution may proceed.
Emails, faxes and letters were sent to the Governor of Florida, Charlie Crist and to other prominent officials involved in the case. On the day of the execution nearly 50,000 calls, emails and letters were received by the office of the Governor urging him to grant clemency to Grossman. Additionally, over 35,000 petitions were filed under the site Care2 as a means to grant clemency to Grossman. Elie Wiesel (the Holocaust survivor and activist), Pope Benedict XVI, Chief Rabbis of Israel and over 200 prominent organizations sent letters to the Governor to plead against Grossman's death. The Governor declined to overturn the decision to execute Grossman.
Having exhausted all appeals, Grossman was executed by lethal injection at 6:00 pm EST on February 16, 2010. After being visited in the morning by an aunt and two female friends, he chose to spend his final afternoon praying with his spiritual advisor, Rabbi Menachem Katz.
In a final statement, Grossman expressed deep remorse for his actions and accepted responsibility. He was pronounced dead at 6:19 pm. Park's mother, sister, and brother traveled from out of state to witness the execution. Grossman was the 69th inmate executed in Florida since the United States Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty in 1975.