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Martin Harlinghausen
17 January 1902(1902-01-17) – 22 March 1986 (aged 84)
The head and shoulders of a man, shown from the front. He wears a military uniform, a white shirt with an Iron Cross displayed at the front of his shirt collar. His hair appears blond and short and combed back, his facial expression is a determined and confident smile; his eyes are looking into the camera.
Place of birth Rheda, Westphalia
Place of death GĂĽtersloh
Allegiance  Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branch Reichsmarine
Years of service 1923–1945
Rank Leutnant General
Unit X. Fliegerkorps
Commands held AS 88 (Condor Legion)
FliegerfĂĽhrer Atlantik
FliegerfĂĽhrer Tunesien
Battles/wars Spanish Civil War
World War II
Awards Spanish Cross in Gold with Diamonds
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Great Cross of Merit

Martin Harlinghausen was a Luftwaffe Commander during World War II.

Harlinghausen was born in Rheda in January 1902 and joined the German Navy on 1 April 1923. Staying in the military, he transferred to the Luftwaffe in October 1933. In December 1937, he took Command of AS 88, an anti-shipping unit in the Condor Legion and specialised in that type of aerial warfare.

During World War II, he operated as a pilot, gaining the Ritterkreuz on 5 May 1940 for sinking 100,000 gross register tons (GRT) of Allied shipping[1].

Sent to Italy in December 1940, he sank another 27,000 GRT of shipping and was awarded the Oak Leaves (Eichenlaub) 30 January 1941.

In March 1941 he was appointed FliegerfĂĽhrer Atlantik, a post he held until July 1942. During his time as FliegerfĂĽhrer Atlantik, Harlinghausen was held responsible for the Luftwaffe's failure to prevent the loss of the battleship Bismarck.

Harlinghausen was later appointed FliegerfĂĽhrer Tunesien in July 1942.He remained in the Mediterranean theatre until 18 June 1943, when disagreements with his superiors led to his replacement.

In December 1944 Harlinghausen was appointed Chef des Luftwaffenkommandos "West", a position he held until the cession of hostilities.

He was captured by American troops and was liberated in 1947. He served in the new Luftwaffe from 1957 to 1961 and died in GĂĽtersloh in March 1986.



  1. ^ Martin Harlinghausen
  2. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 366.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Jackson, Robert (2002). The Bismarck. Weapons of War: London. ISBN 1-86227-173-9.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Ritterkreuzträger 1939 - 1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbĂĽndeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Helden der Wehrmacht - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten (in German). MĂĽnchen, Germany: FZ-Verlag GmbH, 2004. ISBN 3-924309-53-1.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Commander of FliegerfĂĽhrer Atlantik
31 March 1941 – 5 January 1942
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Wolfgang von Wild
Preceded by
Generaloberst Bruno Loerzer
Commander of II. Fliegerkorps
23 February 1943 – 12 June 1943
Succeeded by
General Alfred BĂĽlowius


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