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For other uses, see Martin Luther King (disambiguation), MLK (disambiguation), and MLK, Jr. (disambiguation)
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg
Martin Luther King Jr Signature2.svg
Date of birth: January 15, 1929(1929-01-15)
Place of birth: Atlanta, Georgia,
United States
Date of death: April 4, 1968 (aged 39)
Place of death: Memphis, Tennessee,
United States
Movement: African-American Civil Rights Movement and Peace movement
Major organizations: Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Notable prizes: Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1977, posthumous)
Congressional Gold Medal (2004, posthumous)
Major monuments: Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial (planned)
Alma mater: Morehouse College
Crozer Theological Seminary
Boston University
Religion: Baptist
Influences Jesus, Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi, Benjamin Mays, Hosea Williams, Bayard Rustin, Henry David Thoreau, Howard Thurman, Leo Tolstoy
.Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African-American civil rights movement.^ This is technically the third grave for Martin Luther King, Jr. Memphis on April 4, 1968.
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Fanfiction and Other Fiction and Non-Fiction Stories: November 2007 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC drmartinlutherkingjr2007.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During Lyndon Johnson's presidency, the civil rights movement, among whose leaders were such avowed democratic socialists as Martin Luther King Jr.  ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Activities to honor Martin Luther King, Jr..
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

.His main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the United States, and he has become a human rights icon: King is recognized as a martyr by two Christian churches.^ Carey told the Committee staff that he contacted Dr. King after the meeting and suggested that criticizing the FBI was not the best strategy for the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SCHENECTADY -- The Martin Luther King Jr. Coalition will be celebrating the legacy of the civil rights leader starting at 2 pm Sunday, Jan.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ On July 17, the President announced at a news conference: We have no evidence that any of the leaders of the civil rights movement in the United States are Communists.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[1] .A Baptist minister, King became a civil rights activist early in his career.^ Martin Luther King Jr. January 15 , 1929 – April 4 , 1968 ) was a Baptist minister , civil rights activist , and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize of 1964.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One of King’s greatest achievements is said to have been passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
  • American Renaissance News: The Unknown Martin Luther King, Jr. 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Statesville R&L Several local events honoring slain civil rights champion Martin Luther King Jr. .
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

[2] .He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president.^ Montgomery bus boycott.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He was a founder and president of Southern Christian Leadership Conference from 1957 to 1968.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "She'll be remembered as a strong woman whose grace and dignity held up the image of her husband as a man of peace, of racial justice, of fairness," said the Rev. Joseph Lowery, who helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference with Dr. King and then served as its president for 20 years.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.King's efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech.^ One of the first "freedom riders," an adviser to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. A. Philip Randolph, organizer of the march on Washington, intelligent ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Martin Luther King Jr's bust and a framed programmed from the 1963 March on Washington adorn the walls.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Wikipedia has an article about: Martin Luther King, Jr. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Martin Luther King, Jr. "I have a dream" Speech "Letter From A Birmingham Jail" April 16, 1963 "Where do we go from here?"
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.There, he raised public consciousness of the civil rights movement and established himself as one of the greatest orators in U.S. history.^ If I had sneezed, I wouldn't have been here in 1963, when the black people of Birmingham, Alabama, aroused the conscience of this nation, and brought into being the Civil Rights Bill.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Alexandra wrote at 8:57 PM on January 18 : Isn’t it funny how the civil rights movement and the feminist movement go hand in hand?
  • American Renaissance News: The Unknown Martin Luther King, Jr. 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ People were familiar with the Old Testament prophets during the Civil Rights Movement and understood that this was a Biblical reference not original to Dr. King.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other non-violent means.^ In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other non-violent means (See Note 1).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nobel Prize acceptance speech (1964) .
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nobel Peace Prize said he was right, he was right.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

By the time of his death in 1968, he had refocused his efforts on ending poverty and opposing the Vietnam War, both from a religious perspective. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and Congressional Gold Medal in 2004; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. national holiday in 1986.

Early life

.Martin Luther King, Jr., was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia.^ Activities to honor Martin Luther King, Jr..
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ MARTIN LUTHER KING (archival): Yes.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

He was the son of the Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King.[3] .King's father was born "Michael King," and Martin Luther King, Jr., was originally named "Michael King, Jr.," until the family traveled to Europe in 1934 and visited Germany.^ MARTIN LUTHER KING (archival): Yes.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Martin Luther King, Jr., unrecorded headquarter serials.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Martin Luther King, Jr. "I refuse to accept the view .
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]

.His father soon changed both of their names to Martin Luther in honor of the German Protestant leader Martin Luther.^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the spirit of community and compassion OPM will honor the legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., in “Recognizing the Compassion and Power of the Dream,” ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ During Lyndon Johnson's presidency, the civil rights movement, among whose leaders were such avowed democratic socialists as Martin Luther King Jr.  ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

[4] .He had an older sister, Willie Christine King, and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King.^ Other children born to the Kings were Christine King Farris and the late Reverend Alfred Daniel Williams King.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Reverend King, Sr., performed the service, with Mrs. Edythe Bagley, the sister of Mrs. King, maid of honor, and the Reverend A.D. King, the brother of Martin Luther King, Jr., best man.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Martin Luther King's maternal grandparents were the Reverend Adam Daniel Williams, second pastor of Ebenezer Baptist, and Jenny Parks Williams.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[5] .King sang with his church choir at the 1939 Atlanta premiere of the movie Gone with the Wind.[6] King was originally skeptical of many Christianity's claims.^ The group will be gone four days, traveling to Atlanta by charter bus, for the festival over the Martin Luther King Jr. January.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Despite his obsession with sex and his betrayal of his own wife and children, and despite Christianity’s call for fidelity, King continued to claim the moral authority of a Baptist minister.
  • American Renaissance News: The Unknown Martin Luther King, Jr. 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, for many years, I have been skeptical about Japanese christians' attitude.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.[7] Most striking, perhaps was his denial of the bodily resurrection of Jesus during Sunday school at the age of thirteen.^ JAMES ORANGE: You know, during Sunday School, and we know who was in school in Birmingham, young folk.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.From this point he stated, "doubts began to spring forth unrelentingly."^ The entire human family point of origin springs forth from BLACK PEOPLE. THUS if you hate your point of origin, kill yourself.
  • American Renaissance News: The Unknown Martin Luther King, Jr. 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

[8]
.King married Coretta Scott, on June 18, 1953, on the lawn of her parents' house in her hometown of Heiberger, Alabama.^ He married the former Coretta Scott, younger daughter of Obadiah and Bernice McMurray Scott of Marion, Alabama on June 18, 1953.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When he proposed, she deliberated for six months before saying yes, and they were married in the garden of her parents' house on June 18, 1953.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John Bazemore/Associated Press Coretta Scott King, the widow of civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr., has died.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[9] .King and Scott had four children; Yolanda King, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott King, and Bernice King.^ CP policy at the moment is to concentrate upon Martin Luther King.” .
  • American Renaissance News: The Unknown Martin Luther King, Jr. 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Martin Luther King Jr. Day, for the election to fill vacancies created by the recall last May of three council members.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ The annual breakfast will include a variety of activities and end with the traditional walk around the Martin Luther King, Jr. City Hall located ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

[10] King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama when he was twenty-five years old in 1954.[11]

Education

.Growing up in Atlanta, King attended Booker T. Washington High School.^ He also attended the Atlanta University Laboratory School and Booker T. Washington High School.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That memorandum noted: Bringing this monograph up-to-date and disseminating it at high level prior to King's "Washington Spring Project" should serve again to remind top-level officials in Government of the wholly disreputable character of King....
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Students from all three Dublin high schools will join Dublin Community Church in celebrating the life and legacy of Martin Luther King Jr. .
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

.He skipped ninth and twelfth grade and entered Morehouse College at age fifteen without formally graduating from high school.^ Having skipped both the ninth and twelfth grades, Dr. King entered Morehouse at the age of fifteen.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of his high score on the college entrance examinations in his junior year of high school, he advanced to Morehouse College without formal graduation from Booker T. Washington.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Next he received a Bachelor of Arts in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta, Georgia, from which both his father and grandfather graduated.
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Fanfiction and Other Fiction and Non-Fiction Stories: November 2007 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC drmartinlutherkingjr2007.blogspot.com [Source type: Original source]

[12] In 1948, he graduated from Morehouse with a Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology, and enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Divinity degree in 1951.[13][14] King then began doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University and received his Doctor of Philosophy on June 5, 1955, with a dissertation on "A Comparison of the Conceptions of God in the Thinking of Paul Tillich and Henry Nelson Wieman." A 1980s inquiry concluded portions of his dissertation had been plagiarized and he had acted improperly but that his dissertation still "makes an intelligent contribution to scholarship."[15][16]

Influences

Populist tradition and Black populism

African American topics
Category · Portal
Harry C. Boyte, a self-proclaimed populist, field secretary of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and white civil rights activist describes an episode in his life that gives insight on some of King's influences:
My first encounter with deeper meanings of populism came when I was nineteen, working as a field secretary for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in St. Augustine, Florida in 1964. One day I was caught by five men and a woman who were members of the Ku Klux Klan. They accused me of being a "communist and a Yankee." I replied, "I'm no Yankee – my family has been in the South since before the Revolution. And I'm not a communist. I'm a populist. .I believe that blacks and poor whites should join to do something about the big shots who keep us divided."^ Now, we are poor people, individually, we are poor when you compare us with white society in America.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It seemed as if there was a real promise of hope for the poor — both black and white — through the poverty program.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reagan believed in very broad base, he always talked about "my fellow Republicans" and those independents and Democrats who want a better future.
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

.For a few minutes we talked about what such a movement might look like.^ I'd like to talk about this matter later.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But now few talk about it.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gavin Look, I thought we agreed we wouldn't talk about that, you know, in public.
  • [comics] Liefelds Teen Titans [Archive] - RPGnet Forums 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forum.rpg.net [Source type: Original source]

.Then they let me go.^ But the police are lined up over there, and they're not going to let us march."
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.When he learned of the incident, Martin Luther King, head of SCLC, told me that he identified with the populist tradition and assigned me to organize poor whites.^ MARTIN LUTHER KING (archival): Yes.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ MARTIN LUTHER KING (archival): I certainly will.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

[17]

Thurman

.Civil rights leader, theologian, and educator Howard Thurman was an early influence on King.^ People were familiar with the Old Testament prophets during the Civil Rights Movement and understood that this was a Biblical reference not original to Dr. King.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During Lyndon Johnson's presidency, the civil rights movement, among whose leaders were such avowed democratic socialists as Martin Luther King Jr.  ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Jesse Jackson, a civil rights leader and former presidential candidate, will speak at a program to honor Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Kenosha later th ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

.A classmate of King's father at Morehouse College,[18] Thurman mentored the young King and his friends.^ Andrew Young, the former United Nations ambassador and longtime family friend, said at a news conference this morning that Mrs. King died in her sleep.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Congressman Andrew Young, a personal friend and associate of Dr. King, the FBI's effort against Dr. King and the SCLC "chilled contributions.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Andrew Young, who was then Dr. King's Executive Assistant, the meeting was arranged by Dr. Archibald Carey, a close friend of both DeLoach and Dr. King, at King's request.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[19] Thurman's missionary work had taken him abroad where he had met and conferred with Mahatma Gandhi.[20] .When he was a student at Boston University, King often visited Thurman, who was the dean of Marsh Chapel.^ In September of 1951, Martin Luther King began doctoral studies in Systematic Theology at Boston University.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[21] Walter Fluker, who has studied Thurman's writings, has stated, "I don't believe you'd get a Martin Luther King, Jr. without a Howard Thurman".[22]

Gandhi and Rustin

.Inspired by Gandhi's success with non-violent activism, King visited Gandhi's birthplace in India in 1959, with assistance from the Quaker group the American Friends Service Committee.^ She then went on to lead the effort for a national holiday in his honor and to found the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Non-Violent Social Change in Atlanta, dedicated both to scholarship and to activism, where Dr. King is buried.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Simple Living Collective American Friends Service Committee .
  • Ames Friends Meeting Library 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC showcase.netins.net [Source type: General]

^ American Friends Service Committee .
  • Ames Friends Meeting Library 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC showcase.netins.net [Source type: General]

[23] .The trip to India affected King in a profound way, deepening his understanding of non-violent resistance and his commitment to America's struggle for civil rights.^ MIKE WALLACE (archival): But don't you find that the American people are getting a little bit tired...truly of the whole civil rights struggle?
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ People were familiar with the Old Testament prophets during the Civil Rights Movement and understood that this was a Biblical reference not original to Dr. King.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.In a radio address made during his final evening in India, King reflected, "Since being in India, I am more convinced than ever before that the method of nonviolent resistance is the most potent weapon available to oppressed people in their struggle for justice and human dignity.^ MARTIN LUTHER KING (archival): I am still absolutely convinced that non-violence is the most potent weapon available to oppressed people in their struggle for freedom and human dignity.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And I am still convinced that it is the most potent weapon available to the Negro in his struggle for justice in this country.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When machines and computers, profit motives and property rights are considered more important than people, the giant triplets of racism, materialism, and militarism are incapable of being conquered.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.In a real sense, Mahatma Gandhi embodied in his life certain universal principles that are inherent in the moral structure of the universe, and these principles are as inescapable as the law of gravitation."^ Mahatma Gandhi The hottest places in hell are reserved for those who, in times of great moral crisis, maintain their neutrality.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Let us realize the arc of the moral universe is long but it bends toward justice.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If today I lived in a Communist country where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I would openly advocate disobeying that country's antireligious laws.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[24] .African American civil rights activist Bayard Rustin, who had studied Gandhi's teachings,[25] counseled King to dedicate himself to the principles of non-violence,[26] served as King's main advisor and mentor throughout his early activism,[27] and was the main organizer of the 1963 March on Washington.^ King's plans for a civil rights march on Washington in August were receiving increasing publicity.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the first "freedom riders," an adviser to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. A. Philip Randolph, organizer of the march on Washington, intelligent ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ In early December 1967 Dr. King announced plans to hold demonstrations in major American cities, including Washington, D.C., to spur Congress into enacting civil rights legislation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[28] .Rustin's open homosexuality, support of democratic socialism, and his former ties to the Communist Party USA caused many white and African-American leaders to demand King distance himself from Rustin.^ Catholic leader in Georgia, an Episcopal clergyman and a Jewish rabbi are also quite active in support of this party for King ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rather than trying to discredit the alleged communists it believed were attempting to influence Dr. King, the Bureau adopted the curious tactic of trying to discredit the supposed target of Communist Party interest -- Dr. King himself.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Fullest consideration should be given to the use of all possible investigative techniques in the investigation of the CP-USA, those communist fronts through which the Party channels its influence, and the many individual Party members and dupes.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[29]

Sermons and speeches

Throughout his career of service, King wrote and spoke frequently, drawing on his experience as a preacher. .His "Letter from Birmingham Jail", written in 1963, is a "passionate" statement of his crusade for justice.^ TAYLOR BRANCH: Dr. King comes out of the Birmingham Jail, he's written the letter, he's put himself on the line, he's invited suffering and it still didn't make any difference.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I remember Easter of 1963, when my husband was jailed in Birmingham.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Letter from Birmingham Jail ranks among the most important American documents.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[30] .On October 14, 1964, King became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, which was awarded to him for leading non-violent resistance to end racial prejudice in the United States.^ The Nobel Peace Prize said he was right, he was right.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other non-violent means (See Note 1).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Honorary Degree Dr. King was awarded honorary degrees from numerous colleges and universities in the United States and several foreign countries.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[31]

Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955

.In March 1955, a fifteen-year-old school girl, Claudette Colvin, refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in compliance with the Jim Crow laws.^ You also are responsible for slavery, lynching blacks for decades and Jim Crow laws.
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Robbery: A 26-year-old man was robbed at around 3 pm Saturday at Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard and El Dorado Street.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ "Look man, you gotta give the white people a rest in this country.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.King was on the committee from the Birmingham African-American community that looked into the case; Edgar Nixon and Clifford Durr decided to wait for a better case to pursue.^ African-american communities .
  • Martin Luther King Jr. | Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

^ ANDREW YOUNG: The black business community came to visit us at the Gaston Motel and they were saying to Dr. King that Birmingham was just too tough and everybody made the case for calling the Movement off.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The decision to go into Birmingham was really the first time that Dr. King said, "I'm not going to be responding to a crisis.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

[32] On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat.[33] .The Montgomery Bus Boycott, urged and planned by Nixon and led by King, soon followed.^ Montgomery bus boycott.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There will be no boycott of white merchants for King, only for his followers.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association, the organization which was responsible for the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott from 1955 to 1956 (381 days).
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[34] .The boycott lasted for 385 days,[35] and the situation became so tense that King's house was bombed.^ Martin Luther King Jr. Day, for the election to fill vacancies created by the recall last May of three council members.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ A group of community organizations is sponsoring an open house on Martin Luther King Jr. Day for people who ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ He also produced such works as “I Am a Man,” Oyamo's retelling of Martin Luther King Jr.'s last days, and Dael Orlandersmith's “Yellowman,” a brutal love ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

[36] King was arrested during this campaign, which ended with a United States District Court ruling in Browder v. Gayle that ended racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses.[37]

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

.In 1957, King, Ralph Abernathy, and other civil rights activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).^ He was a founder and president of Southern Christian Leadership Conference from 1957 to 1968.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "She'll be remembered as a strong woman whose grace and dignity held up the image of her husband as a man of peace, of racial justice, of fairness," said the Rev. Joseph Lowery, who helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference with Dr. King and then served as its president for 20 years.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MARTIN LUTHER KING JR., President, Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) (archival): I have long since learned that being a follower of Jesus Christ means taking up the cross.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.The group was created to harness the moral authority and organizing power of black churches to conduct non-violent protests in the service of civil rights reform.^ It is natural and inevitable that Communists have made efforts to infiltrate the civil rights groups and to exploit the current racial situation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI's program to destroy Dr. King as the leader of the civil rights movement entailed attempts to discredit him with churches, universities, and the press.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A government is the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit, the ruling power in a political society, and the apparatus through which a governing body functions and exercises authority.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.King led the SCLC until his death.^ The Bureau's covert attempts to discredit Dr. King and undermine his influence in the civil rights movement did not cease, however, but continued unabated until Dr. King's death.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King and SCLC until November 1965), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 181.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ COURTLAND COX: King and the SCLC people debated the issue until 4 o'clock one morning.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

[38] .In 1958, while signing copies of his book Stride Toward Freedom in Blumstein's department store on 125th Street, in Harlem,[39][40] he was stabbed in the chest by Izola Curry, a deranged black woman with a letter opener, and narrowly escaped death.^ But the recognition of danger was always there, including a brush with death when he was stabbed while autographing books in Harlem in 1958.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[41]
.Gandhi's nonviolent techniques were useful to King's campaign to correct the civil rights laws implemented in Alabama.^ The use of COINTELPRO techniques to discredit Dr. King is discussed in the ensuing chapters.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reverend King stated he has been, and still is very concerned regarding the matter of communism in the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[42] King applied non-violent philosophy to the protests organized by the SCLC. In 1959, he wrote The Measure of A Man, from which the piece What is Man?, an attempt to sketch the optimal political, social, and economic structure of society, is derived.[43] .His SCLC secretary and personal assistant in this period was Dora McDonald.^ King was accompanied by Ralph Abernathy, Secretary of the SCLC; Andrew Young, Dr. King's Executive Assistant, and Walter Fauntroy, the SCLC representative in Washington.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.The FBI, under written directive from Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, began telephone tapping King in the Fall of 1963.[44] Concerned that allegations (of Communists in the SCLC), if made public, would derail the Administration's civil rights initiatives, Kennedy warned King to discontinue the suspect associations, and later felt compelled to issue the written directive authorizing the FBI to wiretap King and other leaders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King concerning the direction of the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Attorney General's concern over Dr. King's association with the two advisers continued.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[45] .J. Edgar Hoover feared Communists were trying to infiltrate the Civil Rights Movement, but when no such evidence emerged, the bureau used the incidental details caught on tape over the next five years in attempts to force King out of the preeminent leadership position.^ King concerning the direction of the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We have no evidence that the demonstrations are Communist-inspired.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We have seen no evidence establishing that either of those Advisers attempted to exploit the civil rights movement to carry out the plans of the Communist Party.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[46]
.King believed that organized, nonviolent protest against the system of southern segregation known as Jim Crow laws would lead to extensive media coverage of the struggle for black equality and voting rights.^ And he's trying to get black people the right to vote.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You also are responsible for slavery, lynching blacks for decades and Jim Crow laws.
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There was extensive media coverage on this case for quite a long period.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Journalistic accounts and televised footage of the daily deprivation and indignities suffered by southern blacks, and of segregationist violence and harassment of civil rights workers and marchers, produced a wave of sympathetic public opinion that convinced the majority of Americans that the Civil Rights Movement was the most important issue in American politics in the early 1960s.^ He didn't want to have a southern racist Senator produce something that would be politically embarassing to the President and to the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MIKE WALLACE (archival): But don't you find that the American people are getting a little bit tired...truly of the whole civil rights struggle?
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ On the same day the Southern Regional Counsel -- a respected civil rights study group -- issued a report criticizing the Bureau's inaction during civil rights demonstration that were then occurring in Albany, Georgia.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[47]
.King organized and led marches for blacks' right to vote, desegregation, labor rights and other basic civil rights.^ One of the first "freedom riders," an adviser to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. A. Philip Randolph, organizer of the march on Washington, intelligent ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ In early March, the Bureau broadened its Black Nationalist-Hate Groups COINTELPRO explicitly to include Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What separated MLK from MalcolmX and the other activists was his insistence on an anti-war approach to civil rights.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

[48] .Most of these rights were successfully enacted into the law of the United States with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 1965 Voting Rights Act.^ Burke Marshall, Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights from 1961-1965, testified that he "never had any reason to doubt [the FBI's] allegations concerning [Adviser A]."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These, thoughts were (1) that the Attorney General is most anxious that information concerning King not be released; and (2) that the Attorney General's connections with King, and his defensive statements concerning King to Congress in Civil Rights hearings, would certainly injure the Attorney General's political chances for the future.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reverend King stated he has been, and still is very concerned regarding the matter of communism in the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[49]
.King and the SCLC applied the principles of nonviolent protest with great success by strategically choosing the method of protest and the places in which protests were carried out.^ It was certainly not justification for continuing the investigation of Dr. King for over six years, or for carrying out the attempts to destroy him.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

There were often dramatic stand-offs with segregationist authorities. Sometimes these confrontations turned violent.[50]

Albany movement

.The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia in November, 1961. In December King and the SCLC became involved.^ The FBI's effort to discredit Dr. King and to undermine the SCLC involved plans touching on virtually every aspect of Dr. King's life.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He stated that the "notorious" Martin Luther King had attempted to capitalize on this matter by claiming that all agents assigned to the Albany, Georgia, Resident Agency were southern born agents.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A memorandum to the Attorney General, dated December 1, 1965, and bearing Director Hoover's signature, stated that "a microphone surveillance was effected November 29, 1965 on King ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.The movement mobilized thousands of citizens for a broad-front nonviolent attack on every aspect of segregation within the city and attracted nationwide attention.^ They also served to divert attention from a nationwide protest movement against his attempt to dismiss the chief justice.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.When King first visited on December 15, 1961, he "had planned to stay a day or so and return home after giving counsel."^ It was the first official visit by the prime minister since the end of World War II. This day was the 40th anniversary of the end of World War II. 9.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ralph Abernathy, who was with Dr. King during his last days, told the Committee that he had not been aware of any newspaper articles criticizing Dr. King for staying at the Holiday Inn during his visit the previous week.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first microphones were installed about two weeks after a December 23, 1963, FBI conference at which methods of "neutralizing" Dr. King were explored.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[51] .But the following day he was swept up in a mass arrest of peaceful demonstrators, and he declined bail until the city made concessions.^ When we discovered that the Commissioner of Public Safety, Eugene "Bull" Connor, had piled up enough votes to be in the run-off we decided again to postpone action until the day after the run-off so that the demonstrations could not be used to cloud the issues.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This time, a declaration of the extinction of the Baiji was made up at the very day of celebration in China.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then it occurred to us that Birmingham's mayoralty election was coming up in March, and we speedily decided to postpone action until after election day.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

."Those agreements", said King, "were dishonored and violated by the city," as soon as he left town.^ Martin Luther King Jr. Previously, vaccine shortages led the city to target those at high-risk of complications such ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Farmer, however, said that DeLoach left the King-Hoover meeting to confer with him.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ambassadors in Stockholm and Copenhagen were also briefed because "King is also to visit those cities."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[51] .King returned in July 1962, and was sentenced to forty-five days in jail or a $178 fine.^ When Dr. King returned to the United States, steps were taken to reduce support for a huge banquet and a special "day" that were being planned in his honor.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No, Dr. King's Letter from a Birmingham Jail was in fact a response to a protest from the moderates of the day.
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

He chose jail. .Three days into his sentence, Chief Pritchett discreetly arranged for King's fine to be paid and ordered his release.^ Martin Luther King Jr. Day, for the election to fill vacancies created by the recall last May of three council members.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ January 21, 1966, states that Sullivan had authorized the New York office to "bug" King's room during an anticipated three-day stay.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The change cuts a four day weekend coinciding with Martin Luther King, Jr. Day down to only a three day weekend.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

"We had witnessed persons being kicked off lunch counter stools ... ejected from churches ... and thrown into jail ... .But for the first time, we witnessed being kicked out of jail."^ I pointed this out several times, and qquite emphatically, and was the first poster to do so!!!
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I'm sure that at first he started out being fairly liberal, but nothing out of the ordinary.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[51]
After nearly a year of intense activism with few tangible results, the movement began to deteriorate. .King requested a halt to all demonstrations and a "Day of Penance" to promote non-violence and maintain the moral high ground.^ Media Matters for America: Days before MLK Day, Beck again pilfers King's words to promote himself 2010-01-05 .
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Martin Luther King Jr. Day is officially observed for one day, but local officials are encouraging residents to celebrate all weekend long.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ He didn't want to go but once he said it all he was feeling good and, you know, he was sort on a high the next day.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.Divisions within the black community and the canny, low-key response by local government defeated efforts.^ This chapter examines not only the Bureau's efforts to discredit Dr. King, but the degree to which officials in other branches of the Government were responsible for those actions.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[52] .However, it was credited as a key lesson in tactics for the national civil rights movement.^ On July 17, the President announced at a news conference: We have no evidence that any of the leaders of the civil rights movement in the United States are Communists.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ McGill also told me that he is taking steps through [a Negro leader] to get key Negro leaders to unite in opposition to King and to gradually force him out of the civil rights movement if at all possible.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We have seen no evidence establishing that either of those Advisers attempted to exploit the civil rights movement to carry out the plans of the Communist Party.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[53]

Birmingham campaign

.The Birmingham campaign was a strategic effort by the SCLC to promote civil rights for African Americans.^ MIKE WALLACE (archival): But don't you find that the American people are getting a little bit tired...truly of the whole civil rights struggle?
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is natural and inevitable that Communists have made efforts to infiltrate the civil rights groups and to exploit the current racial situation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The values MLK promoted were pascifism, both in his civil rights struggle, and the country as a whole.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

Many of its tactics of "Project C" were developed by Rev. Wyatt Tee Walker, Executive Director of SCLC from 1960–1964. Based on actions in Birmingham, Alabama, its goal was to end the city's segregated civil and discriminatory economic policies. .The campaign lasted for more than two months in the spring of 1963. To provoke the police into filling the city's jails to overflowing, King and black citizens of Birmingham employed nonviolent tactics to flout laws they considered unfair.^ You’re so retro — godless heathen bastards are much more common than they used to be, so it’s not much of an epithet any more.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I 'm sure that Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr., were more than familiar with all sorts of theories that imperialist countries have used to justify war ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ ANDREW YOUNG: The black business community came to visit us at the Gaston Motel and they were saying to Dr. King that Birmingham was just too tough and everybody made the case for calling the Movement off.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.King summarized the philosophy of the Birmingham campaign when he said, "The purpose of ...^ The decision to go into Birmingham was really the first time that Dr. King said, "I'm not going to be responding to a crisis.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ [Young] said he did feel though there must be some sort of concerted organized campaign that was being directed against King and the SCLC....
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ DeLoach said that he had told Dr. Carey that "the FBI had plenty to do without being responsible for a discrediting campaign against Reverend King."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

direct action is to create a situation so crisis-packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation".[54]
.Protests in Birmingham began with a boycott to pressure businesses to offer sales jobs and other employment to people of all races, as well as to end segregated facilities in the stores.^ Generally speaking, famous people such as politicians, celebrities, actors rarely commit suicide, just for their business or seriousness, in other countries.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.When business leaders resisted the boycott, King and the SCLC began what they termed Project C, a series of sit-ins and marches intended to provoke arrest.^ Why sit-ins, marches and so forth?
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ HOSEA WILLIAMS, SCLC (archival): FBI claimed they had three people trying to ambush Dr. King....
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Attempts to Discredit Dr. King With Major Political and Financial Leaders In March 1965 the FBI learned that a "Martin Luther King Day" was being planned in a major city.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.After the campaign ran low on adult volunteers, SCLC's strategist, James Bevel, initiated the action and recruited the children for what became known as the "Children's Crusade". During the protests, the Birmingham Police Department, led by Eugene "Bull" Connor, used high-pressure water jets and police dogs to control protesters, including children.^ To this day the images of the snarling Birmingham police dogs and fire hoses unleashed against blacks by Connor in his role as the local Safety Commissioner are frozen in time.
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When we discovered that the Commissioner of Public Safety, Eugene "Bull" Connor, had piled up enough votes to be in the run-off we decided again to postpone action until the day after the run-off so that the demonstrations could not be used to cloud the issues.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Newspaper articles received from the Birmingham Police Department, Mar 17, 1977 (MLK Document 070043).
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

.Not all of the demonstrators were peaceful, despite the avowed intentions of the SCLC. In some cases, bystanders attacked the police, who responded with force.^ If that happened we would have committed the majority of our military to Vietnam and would have to gut the reforger forces that were slated to reinforce the european theater in case of soviet attack.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, in some cases the life insurance is paid for a person who committed a suicide only if the person continued to pay the insurance premium at least two years.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

King and the SCLC were criticized for putting children in harm's way. .By the end of the campaign, King's reputation improved immensely, Connor lost his job, the "Jim Crow" signs in Birmingham came down, and public places became more open to blacks.^ ANDREW YOUNG: The black business community came to visit us at the Gaston Motel and they were saying to Dr. King that Birmingham was just too tough and everybody made the case for calling the Movement off.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The end of the war came with Nixon’s near impeachment, a country sick of the draft, war dead, and not being sure why the U.S. was involved in the first place.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ VII. THE FBI PROGRAM AGAINST DR. KING: 1965-1968 The public dispute between Dr. King and Director Hoover ended with their December 1, 1964, meeting.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[55]

Augustine and Selma

King and SCLC were also driving forces behind the protest in St. Augustine, Florida, in 1964.[56] The movement engaged in nightly marches in the city met by white segregationists who violently assaulted them. Hundreds of the marchers were arrested and jailed.
.King and the SCLC joined forces with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in Selma, Alabama, in December 1964, where SNCC had been working on voter registration for several months.^ Students from all three Dublin high schools will join Dublin Community Church in celebrating the life and legacy of Martin Luther King Jr. .
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ COURTLAND COX, Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC): Bayard Rustin and I went out to the mall about maybe five a.m., six a.m., and we looked around and there was nobody on the mall.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Marshall subsequently spoke with Dr. King about Advisers A and B. 74 In a follow-up memorandum written several months later Marshall stated: ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[57] .A sweeping injunction issued by a local judge barred any gathering of 3 or more people under sponsorship of SNCC, SCLC, or DCVL, or with the involvement of 41 named civil rights leaders.^ MIKE WALLACE (archival): But don't you find that the American people are getting a little bit tired...truly of the whole civil rights struggle?
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During Lyndon Johnson's presidency, the civil rights movement, among whose leaders were such avowed democratic socialists as Martin Luther King Jr.  ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

This injunction temporarily halted civil rights activity until King defied it by speaking at Brown Chapel on January 2 1965.[58]

March on Washington, 1963

King, representing SCLC, was among the leaders of the so-called "Big Six" civil rights organizations who were instrumental in the organization of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, which took place on August 28, 1963. The other leaders and organizations comprising the Big Six were: Roy Wilkins from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Whitney Young, National Urban League; A. Philip Randolph, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; John Lewis, SNCC; and James L. Farmer, Jr. of the Congress of Racial Equality.[59] The primary logistical and strategic organizer was King's colleague Bayard Rustin.[60] .For King, this role was another which courted controversy, since he was one of the key figures who acceded to the wishes of President John F. Kennedy in changing the focus of the march.^ In 1970, Director Hoover told reporters that Dr. King was the "last one in the world who should ever have received" the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ MARTIN LUTHER KING (archival): I think one of the great tributes that we can pay in memory of President Kennedy is to try to enact some of the great, ah, progressive policies that he sought to initiate.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ My recollection is that there had been a number of conversations with King by Burke Marshall and Robert Kennedy, and I think President Kennedy had indicated to King that, he ought not to have anything to do with (Adviser A).
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[61] .Kennedy initially opposed the march outright, because he was concerned it would negatively impact the drive for passage of civil rights legislation, but the organizers were firm that the march would proceed.^ Burke Marshall, Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights from 1961-1965, testified that he "never had any reason to doubt [the FBI's] allegations concerning [Adviser A]."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These, thoughts were (1) that the Attorney General is most anxious that information concerning King not be released; and (2) that the Attorney General's connections with King, and his defensive statements concerning King to Congress in Civil Rights hearings, would certainly injure the Attorney General's political chances for the future.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Guthman testified that he was told by Kennedy in 1968 that Kennedy had approved wiretap coverage of Dr. King's home and of two SCLC offices in October 1963 because "he felt that if he did not do it, Mr. Hoover would move to impede or block the passage of the Civil Rights Bill .
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[62]
.The march originally was conceived as an event to dramatize the desperate condition of blacks in the southern United States and a very public opportunity to place organizers' concerns and grievances squarely before the seat of power in the nation's capital.^ There was an immediate inquiry as to whether he could be quoted on the original statement that Martin Luther King was a liar and he stated, "Yes -- that is public record."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He stated that the "notorious" Martin Luther King had attempted to capitalize on this matter by claiming that all agents assigned to the Albany, Georgia, Resident Agency were southern born agents.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1984, the United States withheld its contributions and withdrew from the organization in protest, followed by the United Kingdom in 1985 and Singapore in 1986.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Organizers intended to excoriate and then challenge the federal government for its failure to safeguard the civil rights and physical safety of civil rights workers and blacks, generally, in the South.^ Burke Marshall, Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights from 1961-1965, testified that he "never had any reason to doubt [the FBI's] allegations concerning [Adviser A]."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Young also told the Committee that within a few weeks of the meeting, the FBI announced that it had arrested suspects in the summer murder of three civil rights workers in the South.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is up to the civil rights organizations themselves to recognize this and face up to it.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the group acquiesced to presidential pressure and influence, and the event ultimately took on a far less strident tone.^ Religion has not been a significant factor in American history, and certainly far less significant than the influence of religion in the history of any European nation you might name.
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

[63] .As a result, some civil rights activists felt it presented an inaccurate, sanitized pageant of racial harmony; Malcolm X called it the "Farce on Washington," and members of the Nation of Islam were not permitted to attend the march.^ What separated MLK from MalcolmX and the other activists was his insistence on an anti-war approach to civil rights.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the margin of a report that over 100 Communist Party members were planning to participate in the March on Washington, the Director wrote, "just infinitesimal!"
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nov 15, 2007, 19:25 Hidoe Murai was a high-ranked member of AUM, and he was killed by a far-right activist.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[63][64]
King is perhaps most famous for his "I Have a Dream" speech, given in front of the Lincoln Memorial during the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
MLKDream.ogg
audio recording of King's I Have a Dream speech
.The march did, however, make specific demands: an end to racial segregation in public school; meaningful civil rights legislation, including a law prohibiting racial discrimination in employment; protection of civil rights workers from police brutality; a $2 minimum wage for all workers; and self-government for Washington, D.C., then governed by congressional committee.^ King's plans for a civil rights march on Washington in August were receiving increasing publicity.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 2006 12 states passed laws specifically prohibiting same-sex marriages through ballot initiatives.
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is natural and inevitable that Communists have made efforts to infiltrate the civil rights groups and to exploit the current racial situation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[65] Despite tensions, the march was a resounding success. .More than a quarter million people of diverse ethnicities attended the event, sprawling from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial onto the National Mall and around the reflecting pool.^ Last year, more than 2000 people attended SU's event.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ I attended more than one sexual harassment training session.
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I know that more than ever we are a “do as we say not as we do” type of country, but this notion of how we seem to act with impugnity around the world rarely if ever gets discussed.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

At the time, it was the largest gathering of protesters in Washington's history.[66] .King's "I Have a Dream" speech electrified the crowd.^ Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. "I Have a Dream" speech was really a wonderful speech.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At Myles Elementary School in New Hartford recently, sixth graders read Martin Luther King Jr.'s “I Have A Dream” speech and then had to answer a series ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ And Dr. King knew he had the crowd, 'cause as he was going to end the speech he said, "Free at last, free at last," and then he turns, "thank God Almighty we're free at last."
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.It is regarded, along with Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address and Franklin D. Roosevelt's Infamy Speech, as one of the finest speeches in the history of American oratory.^ Let's start here with one of the famous documents of modern American history.
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ass Cheek-RIGHT-Ass Cheek & NOC, It is interesting that you scholars of history and civilization would this day choose to defame one of the greatest americans in our history.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

[67]

Stance on compensation

King giving a lecture on March 26, 1964
Martin Luther King Jr. expressed a view that black Americans, as well as other disadvantaged Americans, should be compensated for historical wrongs. .In an interview conducted for Playboy in 1965, he said that granting black Americans only equality could not realistically close the economic gap between them and whites.^ He failed the Black people and the poor white people, he was a failure, in a time of great need by the American people.
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We had poor whites, we had Native Americans, we had Hispanic, we had rural blacks, urban blacks.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.King said that he did not seek a full restitution of wages lost to slavery, which he believed impossible, but proposed a government compensatory program of US$50 billion over ten years to all disadvantaged groups.^ And ever since then, all the years after that had been "What did that mean?
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Now what they did, though, they wiretapped all of my conversations with Martin King, all of Stanley Levison's conversations with Dr. King, all of my conversations with Stanley Levison.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When they did the autopsy, they said he had the heart of a 60 year old, he's 39.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.He posited that "the money spent would be more than amply justified by the benefits that would accrue to the nation through a spectacular decline in school dropouts, family breakups, crime rates, illegitimacy, swollen relief rolls, rioting and other social evils".[68] He presented this idea as an application of the common law regarding settlement of unpaid labor but clarified that he felt that the money should not be spent exclusively on blacks.^ Beady 28th February 2007, 09:19 AM I just had a thought - people keep saying Cameron and co are in this for the money - if so they would choose a more profitable outlet than the Discovery Channel?
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He said he was certain that all Bureau representatives involved would recognize the delicacy of this particular matter and would thus be even more cautious than ever in this assignment ....
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There have been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the nation.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

He stated, "It should benefit the disadvantaged of all races".[69]

"Bloody Sunday", 1965

.King, James Bevel, and the SCLC, in partial collaboration with SNCC, attempted to organize a march from Selma to the state capital of Montgomery, for March 7, 1965. The first attempt to march on March 7 was aborted because of mob and police violence against the demonstrators.^ But James Bevel is coming to King saying...
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the first "freedom riders," an adviser to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. A. Philip Randolph, organizer of the march on Washington, intelligent ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ NOTE.--Harry Avery, Commissioner of Corrections for the State of Tennessee in March 1969, claimed that in his official position he got to know James Earl Ray and Jerry Ray.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

This day has since become known as Bloody Sunday. .Bloody Sunday was a major turning point in the effort to gain public support for the Civil Rights Movement, the clearest demonstration up to that time of the dramatic potential of King's nonviolence strategy.^ King concerning the direction of the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King would spell the downfall of the entire civil rights movement ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King was a pivotal figure in the Civil Rights Movement.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.King, however, was not present.^ However, he could not recall any other meeting between Director Hoover and Dr. King at which he was present.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.After meeting with President Lyndon B. Johnson, he decided not to endorse the march, but it was carried out against his wishes and without his presence on March 7 by the director of the Selma Movement, James Bevel, and by local civil rights leaders.^ During Lyndon Johnson's presidency, the civil rights movement, among whose leaders were such avowed democratic socialists as Martin Luther King Jr.  ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ PRESIDENT LYNDON B. JOHNSON (archival): Well, I'm going to support 'em all and you can count on that.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

Footage of police brutality against the protesters was broadcast extensively and aroused national public outrage.[70]
.King next attempted to organize a march for March 9. The SCLC petitioned for an injunction in federal court against the State of Alabama; this was denied and the judge issued an order blocking the march until after a hearing.^ One of the first "freedom riders," an adviser to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. A. Philip Randolph, organizer of the march on Washington, intelligent ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ BERNARD LAFAYETTE: Martin Luther King did not want to offend the courts, the federal courts, because we were looking to them for support.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He stated that the "notorious" Martin Luther King had attempted to capitalize on this matter by claiming that all agents assigned to the Albany, Georgia, Resident Agency were southern born agents.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nonetheless, King led marchers on March 9 to the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, then held a short prayer session before turning the marchers around and asking them to disperse so as not to violate the court order.^ King did not hesitate to pick up his mantle, marching, even before her husband was buried, at the head of the striking garbage workers that he had gone to Memphis to champion.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As in past years, the concert kicks off on the weekend before the Martin Luther King Jr. MLK March ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Martin Luther King, Jr., today led a march composed of 5,000 to 6,000 people through the streets of Memphis.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

The unexpected ending of this second march aroused the surprise and anger of many within the local movement.[71] The march finally went ahead fully on March 25.[72] At the conclusion of the march and on the steps of the state capitol, King delivered a speech that has become known as "How Long, Not Long".[73]

Chicago, 1966

King with President Lyndon Johnson in 1966
.In 1966, after several successes in the South, King and others in the civil rights organizations tried to spread the movement to the North, with Chicago as its first destination.^ King concerning the direction of the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Generally, for years the civil rights movement in the South and to some extent in some quarters in the North ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King would spell the downfall of the entire civil rights movement ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.King and Ralph Abernathy, both from the middle classes, moved into the slums of North Lawndale[74] on the west side of Chicago as an educational experience and to demonstrate their support and empathy for the poor.^ ANDREW YOUNG: When we took on Chicago it was simply as a demonstration project to demonstrate that some of the tactics that we used in the South would work in the North.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ HARRIS WOFFORD: And at the end of the prayer, as we got up and assumed we were going to be led into the stonewall of troops, the troopers cleared the road, they moved to the side of the road.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both Young and Ralph Abernathy, who also heard the tape and read the letter, interpreted it as inviting Dr. King to take his own life.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[75]
.The SCLC formed a coalition with CCCO, Coordinating Council of Community Organizations, an organization founded by Albert Raby, and the combined organizations' efforts were fostered under the aegis of The Chicago Freedom Movement.^ SCLC and the Southern Freedom Movement are Communist inspired."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[76] .During that spring, several dual white couple/black couple tests on real estate offices uncovered the practice (now banned in the U.S.) of racial steering.^ "A racially integrated community is a chronological term timed from the entrance of the first black family to the exit of the last white family."
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

^ King could be a real contender for this position should he abandon his supposed "obedience" to "white, liberal doctrines" (nonviolence) and embrace black nationalism ....
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It seemed as if there was a real promise of hope for the poor — both black and white — through the poverty program.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

.These tests revealed the racially selective processing of housing requests by couples who were exact matches in income, background, number of children, and other attributes, with the only difference being their race.^ (MLK Document 170274); request of the House Select Committee on Assassinations to CIA and CIA compliance, May 19, 1978 (MLK Document 210423); FBI response to House Select Committee on Assassinations request, Oct.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ See also request of the House Select Committee on Assassinations to the FBI, dated Jan.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Background and Lists of Records Final Report House Select Committee on Assassinations .
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[77]
.The needs of the movement for radical change grew, and several larger marches were planned and executed, including those in the following neighborhoods: Bogan, Belmont Cragin, Jefferson Park, Evergreen Park (a suburb southwest of Chicago), Gage Park and Marquette Park, among others.^ The first of many plans included circulating a story that King does not need contributions from the 70,000 people he solicited.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We have seen no evidence establishing that either of those Advisers attempted to exploit the civil rights movement to carry out the plans of the Communist Party.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[78]
.In Chicago, Abernathy later wrote that they received a worse reception than they had in the South.^ Later I heard some my colleagues say that they predicted the flood, put their old cars near the river and received the insurance after the flood.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their marches were met by thrown bottles and screaming throngs, and they were truly afraid of starting a riot.^ But as soon as the march started people started breaking windows and throwing bricks and bottles.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

[79] .King's beliefs mitigated against his staging a violent event, and he negotiated an agreement with Mayor Richard J. Daley to cancel a march in order to avoid the violence that he feared would result from the demonstration.^ It may be that he feared a "leak" of the FBI's allegations concerning communist influence over Dr. King would be particularly embarrassing in light of the Administration's recent statements in support of Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the Chief of the FBI's Domestic Intelligence Division, the tape was intended to precipitate a separation between Dr. King and his wife in the belief that the separation would reduce Dr. King's stature.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Boyer's group will lead a March Against Racism in the community, appropriately on Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Jan.
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

[80] .King, who received death threats throughout his involvement in the civil rights movement, was hit by a brick during one march but continued to lead marches in the face of personal danger.^ King concerning the direction of the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King's plans for a civil rights march on Washington in August were receiving increasing publicity.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King would spell the downfall of the entire civil rights movement ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[81]
.When King and his allies returned to the south, they left Jesse Jackson, a seminary student who had previously joined the movement in the South, in charge of their organization.^ We have some eighty-five affiliated organizations across the South, and one of them is the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both calls were answered by secretaries who promised to ask Dr. King to return the calls.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I pointed out that if Dr. King continues this association, he is going to hurt his own cause as there are more and more Communists trying to take advantage of [the] movement and bigots down South who are against integration are beginning to charge Dr. King is tied in with Communists.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[82] .Jackson continued their struggle for civil rights by organizing the Operation Breadbasket movement that targeted chain stores that did not deal fairly with blacks.^ The FBI's presence was so intrusive that one major figure in the civil rights movement testified that his colleagues referred to themselves as members of "the FBI's golden record club."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During Lyndon Johnson's presidency, the civil rights movement, among whose leaders were such avowed democratic socialists as Martin Luther King Jr.  ...
  • Positive Universe | People | Martin Luther King Jr. 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.positiveuniverse.com [Source type: General]

^ Reverend King stated he has been, and still is very concerned regarding the matter of communism in the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[83]

Opposition to the Vietnam War

.Starting in 1965, King began to express doubts about the United States' role in the Vietnam War.^ Honorary Degree Dr. King was awarded honorary degrees from numerous colleges and universities in the United States and several foreign countries.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ C. The FBI's Efforts to Discredit Dr. King During His Last Months Between 1965 and early 1967, the files indicate that Bureau concern about Dr. King had decreased.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Dr. King returned to the United States, steps were taken to reduce support for a huge banquet and a special "day" that were being planned in his honor.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

In an April 4, 1967 appearance at the New York City Riverside Church—exactly one year before his death—King delivered a speech titled "Beyond Vietnam".[84] In the speech, he spoke strongly against the U.S.'s role in the war, insisting that the U.S. was in Vietnam "to occupy it as an American colony"[85] and calling the U.S. government "the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today".[86] He also argued that the country needed larger and broader moral changes:
A true revolution of values will soon look uneasily on the glaring contrast of poverty and wealth. With righteous indignation, it will look across the seas and see individual capitalists of the West investing huge sums of money in Asia, Africa and South America, only to take the profits out with no concern for the social betterment of the countries, and say: "This is not just."[87]
.King also was opposed to the Vietnam War on the grounds that the war took money and resources that could have been spent on social welfare services like the War on Poverty.^ This concern was revived by Dr. King's April 4, 1967, speech at New York's Riverside Church, in which he opposed the Administration's position in Vietnam.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King publicly announced his opposition to American involvement in the war in Vietnam in a speech at New York's Riverside Church on April 4, 1967.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Vietnam War Dr. King said: “This Madness Must Cease.” .
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

.The United States Congress was spending more and more on the military and less and less on anti-poverty programs at the same time.^ Katzenbach testified that he could not recall having been informed of the surveillance, and stated that it would have been inconsistent with his claimed disapproval of a wiretap on Dr. King's home at the same time.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ See generally Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, "Civil Rights Violence in the United States: 1619-1966," MLK project No.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ See generally Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, "Statistics on United States Participation in the Vietnam War," Aug.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

He summed up this aspect by saying, "A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death".[87]
.Many white southern segregationists vilified King; moreover, this speech soured his relationship with many members of the mainstream media.^ King reportedly stated: One of the great problems we face with the FBI in the South is that the agents are white Southerners who have been influenced by the mores of the community.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A week after the speech the FBI sent the White House and the Justice Department a revised edition of the printed King monograph.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

Life magazine called the speech "demagogic slander that sounded like a script for Radio Hanoi",[84] and The Washington Post declared that King had "diminished his usefulness to his cause, his country, his people."[88]
.King stated that North Vietnam "did not begin to send in any large number of supplies or men until American forces had arrived in the tens of thousands".[89] King also criticized the United States' resistance to North Vietnam's land reforms.^ Brazil is the Latin American country that has received the most ethnic Japanese immigrants, as well having the largest Japanese population outside of Japan, numbering an estimate of more than 1.5 million considerably bigger than that of the 1.2 million in the United States.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq,like Vietnam,poses no threat to this country and yet the U.S. persists in attempting to force its will upon the Iraqis, despite the fact that 66 to 80 percent of Iraqis want the United States to stop occupying their country.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When Dr. King returned to the United States, steps were taken to reduce support for a huge banquet and a special "day" that were being planned in his honor.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[90] .He accused the United States of having killed a million Vietnamese, "mostly children."^ Brazil is the Latin American country that has received the most ethnic Japanese immigrants, as well having the largest Japanese population outside of Japan, numbering an estimate of more than 1.5 million considerably bigger than that of the 1.2 million in the United States.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[91]
.The speech was a reflection of King's evolving political advocacy in his later years, which paralleled the teachings of the progressive Highlander Research and Education Center, with whom King was affiliated.^ In a television interview several years later, Congressman Rooney stated: Now you talk about the FBI leaking something about Martin Luther King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Later that day, Senator Monroney asked Director Hoover for his views on whether Dr. King and the leaders of other civil rights organizations had Communist affiliations.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two years later-in late 1964 -- the Director was refusing to meet with Dr. King because "I gave him that opportunity once and he ignored it."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[92] King began to speak of the need for fundamental changes in the political and economic life of the nation. .Towards the time of his murder, King more frequently expressed his opposition to the war and his desire to see a redistribution of resources to correct racial and economic injustice.^ King publicly announced his opposition to American involvement in the war in Vietnam in a speech at New York's Riverside Church on April 4, 1967.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Director informed the Atlanta office that "the Bureau does not desire counterintelligence action against Coretta King of the nature you suggest at this time.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ DeLoach's memorandum of the meeting states that the Senator expressed concern over Dr. King's plan for demonstrations in Washington, D.C. during the summer and said that it was time Dr. King "met his Waterloo."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[93] .Though his public language was guarded, so as to avoid being linked to communism by his political enemies, in private he sometimes spoke of his support for democratic socialism.^ The Social Democratic Party, which supported North Korea and the Japanese hijackers, treaded the path to self-destruction.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not being able to speak the local language, though, meant that it was extemely difficult to make friends, but even more importantly, to communicate freely at even the most basic level.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.In one speech, he stated that "something is wrong with capitalism" and claimed, "There must be a better distribution of wealth, and maybe America must move toward a democratic socialism."^ He stated that the "notorious" Martin Luther King had attempted to capitalize on this matter by claiming that all agents assigned to the Albany, Georgia, Resident Agency were southern born agents.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Unless there is a move toward a next step at Anchorage, we must consider what we will do next."
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to DeLoach, McCormack stated that "he now recognized the gravity of the situation and that something obviously must be done about it."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[94]
King had read Marx while at Morehouse, but while he rejected "traditional capitalism," he also rejected Communism because of its "materialistic interpretation of history" that denied religion, its "ethical relativism," and its "political totalitarianism."[95]
King also stated in his "Beyond Vietnam" speech that "true compassion is more than flinging a coin to a beggar....it comes to see that an edifice which produces beggars needs restructuring".[96] King quoted a United States official, who said that, from Vietnam to South America to Latin America, the country was "on the wrong side of a world revolution."[96] King condemned America's "alliance with the landed gentry of Latin America," and said that the United States should support "the shirtless and barefoot people" in the Third World rather than suppressing their attempts at revolution.[97]
.King spoke at an Anti-Vietnam demonstration where he also brought up issues of civil rights and the draft.^ On the same day the Southern Regional Counsel -- a respected civil rights study group -- issued a report criticizing the Bureau's inaction during civil rights demonstration that were then occurring in Albany, Georgia.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A copy was subsequently sent to the Commandant of the Marine Corps, who had been interested in "King's activities in the civil rights movement but recently had become quite concerned as to whether there are any subversive influences which have caused King to link the civil rights movement with the anti-Vietnam War movement."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

."I have not urged a mechanical fusion of the civil rights and peace movements.^ The FBI's presence was so intrusive that one major figure in the civil rights movement testified that his colleagues referred to themselves as members of "the FBI's golden record club."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reverend King stated he has been, and still is very concerned regarding the matter of communism in the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The head of the Domestic Intelligence Division, William Sullivan, responded by recommending more intense FBI surveillance of the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.There are people who have come to see the moral imperative of equality, but who cannot yet see the moral imperative of world brotherhood.^ And I often see small stickers, with the same words, at the entrance of a house of people who repeatedly harass my family.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And I'm sure there are hundreds of people who draw better than them.
  • [comics] Liefelds Teen Titans [Archive] - RPGnet Forums 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forum.rpg.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The number of people who are tortured throughout the world is beyond imagination.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.I would like to see the fervor of the civil-rights movement imbued into the peace movement to instill it with greater strength.^ King would spell the downfall of the entire civil rights movement ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI's presence was so intrusive that one major figure in the civil rights movement testified that his colleagues referred to themselves as members of "the FBI's golden record club."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reverend King stated he has been, and still is very concerned regarding the matter of communism in the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.And I believe everyone has a duty to be in both the civil-rights and peace movements.^ Carey told the Committee staff that he contacted Dr. King after the meeting and suggested that criticizing the FBI was not the best strategy for the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The memoranda also contained information about the civil rights movement of considerable political value to the administration.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On July 17, the President announced at a news conference: We have no evidence that any of the leaders of the civil rights movement in the United States are Communists.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.But for those who presently choose but one, I would hope they will finally come to see the moral roots common to both."^ Mostly they are those who have huge debts and are ready to die in exchange for a lot of money, including insurance money.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I suppose one might recall Voltaire's maxim that those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities.
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some speculate that the real beneficiaries of Mr. Litvinenko's death are those who want to see Mr. Putin put on the defensive.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[98]
In 1967, King gave another speech, in which he lashed out against what he called the "cruel irony" of American blacks fighting and dying for a country which treated them as second class citizens:
."We were taking the young black men who had been crippled by our society and sending them eight thousand miles away to guarantee liberties which they had not found in Southwest Georgia and East Harlem....^ This note was a promise that all men would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
  • The American Spectator : Martin Luther King Limbaugh 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC spectator.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both Young and Ralph Abernathy, who also heard the tape and read the letter, interpreted it as inviting Dr. King to take his own life.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or, are you talking about the men who fought for OUR COUNTRY and not their own personal agenda?
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

We have been repeatedly faced with the cruel irony of watching Negro and white boys on TV screens as they kill and die together for a nation that has been unable to seat them in the same schools"[99][100]

Poor People's Campaign, 1968

.In 1968, King and the SCLC organized the "Poor People's Campaign" to address issues of economic justice.^ The "stated purpose" of the SCLC was to organize a register-and-vote campaign among Negroes in the South.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [Young] said he did feel though there must be some sort of concerted organized campaign that was being directed against King and the SCLC....
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King said that the Justice Department had warned him of only one suspected communist in the SCLC, and that he had fired that individual.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

The campaign culminated in a march on Washington, D.C. demanding economic aid to the poorest communities of the United States. .King traveled the country to assemble "a multiracial army of the poor" that would march on Washington to engage in nonviolent civil disobedience at the Capitol until Congress created a bill of rights for poor Americans.^ King's plans for a civil rights march on Washington in August were receiving increasing publicity.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In early December 1967 Dr. King announced plans to hold demonstrations in major American cities, including Washington, D.C., to spur Congress into enacting civil rights legislation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These, thoughts were (1) that the Attorney General is most anxious that information concerning King not be released; and (2) that the Attorney General's connections with King, and his defensive statements concerning King to Congress in Civil Rights hearings, would certainly injure the Attorney General's political chances for the future.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[101][102]
.However, the campaign was not unanimously supported by other leaders of the Civil Rights Movement.^ What separated MLK from MalcolmX and the other activists was his insistence on an anti-war approach to civil rights.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI's presence was so intrusive that one major figure in the civil rights movement testified that his colleagues referred to themselves as members of "the FBI's golden record club."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.Rustin resigned from the march stating that the goals of the campaign were too broad, the demands unrealizable, and thought these campaigns would accelerate the backlash and repression on the poor and the black.^ From the tone of Guthman's entire remarks, it would appear he had two thoughts in mind without actually stating such thoughts.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[103] .Throughout his participation in the civil rights movement, King was criticized by many groups.^ King concerning the direction of the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King would spell the downfall of the entire civil rights movement ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King feared that such criticism would cause difficulties in the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.This included opposition by more militant blacks and such prominent critics as Nation of Islam member Malcolm X.^ It is obvious that all the members, including both ruling and opposition party politicians, are colluding.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[104] .Stokely Carmichael was a separatist and disagreed with King's plea for racial integration because he considered it an insult to a uniquely African-American culture.^ Martin Luther King, Stokely Carmichael, and Elijah Muhammed all aspire to this position.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[105] .Omali Yeshitela urged Africans to remember the history of violent European colonization and how power was not secured by Europeans through integration, but by violence and force.^ I was cautioned about underestimating the power of religion; I caution you to remember the role religion has played in America's history, from the very first European colonists.
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

[106]
King and the SCLC called on the government to invest in rebuilding America's cities. He felt that Congress had shown "hostility to the poor" by spending "military funds with alacrity and generosity". He contrasted this with the situation faced by poor Americans, claiming that Congress had merely provided "poverty funds with miserliness".[102] His vision was for change that was more revolutionary than mere reform: he cited systematic flaws of "racism, poverty, militarism and materialism", and argued that "reconstruction of society itself is the real issue to be faced".[107]

Assassination

The Lorraine Motel, where King was assassinated, is now the site of the National Civil Rights Museum.
.On March 29, 1968, King went to Memphis, Tennessee in support of the black sanitary public works employees, represented by AFSCME Local 1733, who had been on strike since March 12 for higher wages and better treatment.^ In early March, the Bureau broadened its Black Nationalist-Hate Groups COINTELPRO explicitly to include Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (The Bureau also authorized the installation of a microphone at the Park Sheraton Hotel in New York on March 29, 1965, but Dr. King did not stay at the hotel and the coverage was terminated.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An article about violence in the sanitation strike, published In the Memphis Commercial Clarion on March 29,1968, echoed the wording of the FBI memorandum, although there is no proof that the FBI was responsible for the article.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.In one incident, black street repairmen received pay for two hours when they were sent home because of bad weather, but white employees were paid for the full day.^ On that day, January 21, 2007, I had expected the weather conspiracy in advance because the situation was almost the same as the day, August 6, 1993.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some of Coretta Scott's earliest insights into the injustice of segregation came as she walked to her one-room school house each day, watching buses full of white children stir up dust as they passed.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So I also believed that they would stop such harassment soon because they knew that, if the fine had not been paid, I would disclose their names to the public.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[108][109]
.On April 3, King addressed a rally and delivered his "I've Been to the Mountaintop" address at Mason Temple, the world headquarters of the Church of God in Christ.^ This concern was revived by Dr. King's April 4, 1967, speech at New York's Riverside Church, in which he opposed the Administration's position in Vietnam.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King publicly announced his opposition to American involvement in the war in Vietnam in a speech at New York's Riverside Church on April 4, 1967.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Six months later, in April 1964, FBI headquarters was still instructing agents in the field to "continue to gather information concerning King's personal activities ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.King's flight to Memphis had been delayed by a bomb threat against his plane.^ King had been in Memphis to help lead sanitation workers in a protest against low wages and intolerable conditions.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

[110] In the close of the last speech of his career, in reference to the bomb threat, King said the following:
And then I got to Memphis. .And some began to say the threats, or talk about the threats that were out.^ First you say that rightists and leftists are treated specially, then you end with a bizarre tale about some guy getting married and returning to Japan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once citizens begin to act aggressively or to say some aggressive opinions, heated debate at the meeting suddenly breaks out and the session is immediately extended.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Let me talk about some of the most interesting and understandable examples later.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.What would happen to me from some of our sick white brothers?^ If that happened we would have committed the majority of our military to Vietnam and would have to gut the reforger forces that were slated to reinforce the european theater in case of soviet attack.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Translation: I’m sick of dealing with the legacy of slavery that makes white schools, jobs and neighborhoods wealthier, so I’ll just pretend it never happen and so should you.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I am thankful, however, that some of our white brothers in the South have grasped the meaning of this social revolution and committed themselves to it.
  • Dr. Martin luther King Jr.'s MySpace Blog | 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC blogs.myspace.com [Source type: Original source]

Well, I don't know what will happen now. We've got some difficult days ahead. .But it doesn't matter with me now.^ It really doesn't matter what happens now.
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But it doesn't matter with me now.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And they were telling me, now it doesn't matter now.
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]

Because I've been to the mountaintop. And I don't mind. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place. .But I'm not concerned about that now.^ But I'm not concerned about that now.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Like anybody I'd like to live a long life, longevity has its place, but I'm not concerned about that now.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

I just want to do God's will. .And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain.^ And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I just want to do God's will and he's allowed me to go up to the mountain, and I've looked over and I've seen the promised land.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

And I've looked over. .And I've seen the promised land.^ I've seen the promised land.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And I've seen the promised land.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I just want to do God's will and he's allowed me to go up to the mountain, and I've looked over and I've seen the promised land.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.I may not get there with you.^ I may not get there with you.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I may not get there with you, but I want you to know tonight that we as a people will get to the promised land.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And if you've got a church, you've got to be there on Easter, and he's sitting there talking to them saying we've got to do something this weekend that means that we may not be able to be in our church.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

.But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land.^ But you know, I wanted to give the impression of a real mother of a blow-out, you know?
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You wanted to know if I knew any of these people, I told you and restated your question.
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He later called and said, "The Director wants you to know that you're a ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

And I'm happy, tonight. .I'm not worried about anything.^ I'm not worried about anything.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Abernathy said that the Director then told Dr. King, "If you haven't done anything wrong, you don't have anything to worry about."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So I'm happy tonight, I'm not worried about anything, I'm not fearing any man.
  • American Experience | Citizen King | Transcript | PBS 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: Original source]

I'm not fearing any man. Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord.[111]
.King was booked in room 306 at the Lorraine Motel, owned by Walter Bailey, in Memphis.^ The fine Hotel Lorraine in Memphis is owned and patronized exclusively by Negroes but King didn't go there for his hasty exit.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead King decided the plush Holiday Inn Motel, white owned, operated and almost exclusively patronized, was the place to "cool it."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From January 1964 through November 1965, the FBI installed at least 15 hidden microphones in hotel and motel rooms occupied by Martin Luther King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

The Reverend Ralph Abernathy, King's close friend and colleague who was present at the assassination, swore under oath to the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations that King and his entourage stayed at room 306 at the Lorraine Motel so often it was known as the "King-Abernathy suite."[112]
.According to Jesse Jackson, who was present, King's last words on the balcony prior to his assassination were spoken to musician Ben Branch, who was scheduled to perform that night at an event King was attending: "Ben, make sure you play "Take My Hand, Precious Lord" in the meeting tonight.^ If you use this word to a Japanese young woman, I'm sure she will go mad.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Only takes one or two to make sure nobody messes with the man.
  • [comics] Liefelds Teen Titans [Archive] - RPGnet Forums 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forum.rpg.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1970, Director Hoover told reporters that Dr. King was the "last one in the world who should ever have received" the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

Play it real pretty."[113]
.Then, at 6:01 p.m., April 4, 1968, a shot rang out as King stood on the motel's second floor balcony.^ On April 4, 1968, King was assassinated at a motel's 2nd floor balcony in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In February 1968, FBI Headquarters learned that Dr. King planned a "Washington Spring Project" for April 1968.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

The bullet entered through his right cheek smashing his jaw and then traveled down his spinal cord before lodging in his shoulder.[114] .Abernathy heard the shot from inside the motel room and ran to the balcony to find King on the floor.^ Both Young and Ralph Abernathy, who also heard the tape and read the letter, interpreted it as inviting Dr. King to take his own life.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On April 4, 1968, King was assassinated at a motel's 2nd floor balcony in Memphis, Tennessee.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From January 1964 through November 1965, the FBI installed at least 15 hidden microphones in hotel and motel rooms occupied by Martin Luther King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[115] .The events following the shooting have been disputed, as some people have accused Jackson of exaggerating his response.^ Natural disasters cut enormous costs, but they help some people and organizations escape from responsibility at the same time.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In order to erase people's memory on some inconvenient events, the Japanese government often creates some shocking events on the same day.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[116]
After emergency chest surgery, King was pronounced dead at St. Joseph's Hospital at 7:05 p.m.[117] .According to biographer Taylor Branch, King's autopsy revealed that though only thirty-nine years old, he had the heart of a sixty-year-old man, perhaps a result of the stress of thirteen years in the civil rights movement.^ As the result, though the city accounts for 35 per cent of the total voters of the 5 single-seat constituencies, no candidates from it has been elected for some years.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s obvious you’re such an ignorant, virulent, hateful racist that you would never entertain the thought that you could be mistaken about Dr. King, the civil rights movement and diversity in general.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The only thing that springs to mind at all is the Church-centered Civil Rights movement, but that has more do with the particular church-centered activities in specific communities during the Civil Rights movement, and the movement rapidly went well beyond the influence of any individual religion or church.
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

[118]
.The assassination led to a nationwide wave of riots in more than 100 cities.^ July 27: More than 100 people were killed.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Great Kanto earthquake September 1, 1923 More than 100 thousand people were killed.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Terrible typhoons killing more than 100 peoplle were only in the 50s or 60s.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[119] .Presidential nominee Robert Kennedy was on his way to Indianapolis for a campaign rally when he was informed of King's death.^ My recollection is that there had been a number of conversations with King by Burke Marshall and Robert Kennedy, and I think President Kennedy had indicated to King that, he ought not to have anything to do with (Adviser A).
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI makes no claim that Attorney General Kennedy was expressly informed about the microphones placed in Dr. King's hotel rooms.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

He gave a short speech to the gathering of supporters informing them of the tragedy and asking them to continue King's idea of non-violence.[120] .President Lyndon B. Johnson declared April 7 a national day of mourning for the civil rights leader.^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI's program to destroy Dr. King as the leader of the civil rights movement entailed attempts to discredit him with churches, universities, and the press.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On July 17, the President announced at a news conference: We have no evidence that any of the leaders of the civil rights movement in the United States are Communists.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[121] .Vice-President Hubert Humphrey attended King's funeral on behalf of Lyndon B. Johnson, as there were fears that Johnson's presence might incite protests and perhaps violence.^ Bill Moyers, President Johnson's Assistant, also saw several of the memoranda concerning Dr. King, and testified that he had not realized that the FBI had collected the information through microphones.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sullivan feared that if the Attorney General were told of the derogatory information about Dr. King, the Attorney General might reprimand Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Johnson and his Attorneys General were aware at least of Bureau attempts to disseminate unfavorable reports about Dr. King to the press.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[122] At his widow's request, King's last sermon at Ebenezer Baptist Church was played at the funeral.[123] .It was a recording of his "Drum Major" sermon, given on February 4, 1968. In that sermon, King made a request that at his funeral no mention of his awards and honors be made, but that it be said that he tried to "feed the hungry", "clothe the naked", "be right on the [Vietnam] war question", and "love and serve humanity".[124] His good friend Mahalia Jackson sang his favorite hymn, "Take My Hand, Precious Lord", at the funeral.^ And bush really did serve honorably in the vietnam war?
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Then, he made a declaration against the Vietnam war.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The memorandum submitted in response to that request contained no information concerning Dr. King that had not already been known to the Attorney General in July, but the Attorney General permitted the investigation to proceed.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[125] .The city of Memphis quickly settled the strike on terms favorable to the sanitation workers.^ The article stated: "Yesterday's march, ostensibly a protest on behalf of the city's striking sanitation workers, was generally considered to be a 'dress rehearsal' by Dr. King for his planned march on Washington April 22."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A March 28, 1968, Domestic Intelligence Division memorandum stated: A sanitation strike has been going on in Memphis for some time.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the latter part of March, Dr. King went to Memphis, Tennessee, where a strike by Sanitation Workers had erupted into violent riots.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[126][127]
.Two months after King's death, escaped convict James Earl Ray was captured at London Heathrow Airport while trying to leave the United Kingdom on a false Canadian passport in the name of Ramon George Sneyd on his way to white-ruled Rhodesia.^ Two months after King's death, a white man, James Earl Ray, was captured.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ NOTE.--Harry Avery, Commissioner of Corrections for the State of Tennessee in March 1969, claimed that in his official position he got to know James Earl Ray and Jerry Ray.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: reports on escape investigations (MLK Document 060018).
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[128] Ray was quickly extradited to Tennessee and charged with King's murder. .He confessed to the assassination on March 10, 1969, though he recanted this confession three days later.^ He made a confession about the assassination (though he recanted this confession three days later).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ March 27 came to be commemorated as 'Resistance Day' until the military regime later renamed it 'Tatmadaw(Armed Forces) Day'.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Though we had had stormy days on and off for a few months and saw bizarre clouds on that day, I never predicted on that moment that a disaster would occur later.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[129] .On the advice of his attorney Percy Foreman, Ray pleaded guilty to avoid a trial conviction and thus the possibility of receiving the death penalty.^ The memorandum also stated: "We avoided mentioning specific dates as to when it took place or mention of when the information was received -- thus to avoid, if possible, a question being raised by the Attorney General as to why he was not told earlier of the Willard incident."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The hijacker avoided the death penalty using somewhat technical trick.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ See also deposition of Percy Foreman Apr.3, 1974, Ray v.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

.Ray was sentenced to a 99-year prison term.^ The Tokyo High Court upheld a 20-year prison term for Shigenobu.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was arrested for the League of Blood Incident and was sentenced 15 years in prison.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[129][130] .Ray fired Foreman as his attorney, from then on derisively calling him "Percy Fourflusher".[131] He claimed a man he met in Montreal, Quebec with the alias "Raoul" was involved and that the assassination was the result of a conspiracy.^ These individuals were members of the UKA. It seemed reasonable to assume that Ray's choice of Hanes was influenced by the attorney's reputation resulting from the Liuzzo case; Ray claimed, however, that his only knowledge of Hanes was that he had been mayor of Birmingham.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Avery claims that while driving Jerry Ray to a meeting, Jerry told him that he (Jerry) was to meet with Stoner and that Stoner had been "our" (implying Jerry's and James' at least) attorney for 2 years before the assassination.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ See also deposition of Percy Foreman Apr.3, 1974, Ray v.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[132][133] He spent the remainder of his life attempting (unsuccessfully) to withdraw his guilty plea and secure the trial he never had.[130] .On June 10, 1977, shortly after Ray had testified to the House Select Committee on Assassinations that he did not shoot King, he and six other convicts escaped from Brushy Mountain State Penitentiary in Petros, Tennessee.^ Attempts to Discredit Dr. King With the Congress In January 1964, Director Hoover gave off-the-record testimony before the House Appropriations Committee.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In any event, the FBI has stated that at no time did it have any evidence that Dr. King himself was a communist or connected with the Communist Party.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI has given the Committee documents which indicate that Katzenbach was informed shortly after the fact of three microphone installations on Dr. King, that he did not object to those installations, and that he urged the FBl to use caution in its surveillance activities.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

They were recaptured on June 13 and returned to prison.[134]

Allegations of conspiracy

.Ray's lawyers maintained he was a scapegoat similar to the way that alleged John F. Kennedy assassin Lee Harvey Oswald is seen by conspiracy theorists.^ Sounds similar to the conspiracy theorists that actually believe that the Bush administration "allowed" or were involved in "making" the World Trade Center collapse after the 9/11 incident.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John F. Kennedy assassination John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dalas, Texas in 1963 (See Note 1).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Dec 30, 2007, 16:27 Japan's Conspiracy (44-1) === Assassination of John Lennon === It was a conspiracy of Japan and Yoko Ono.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[135] .One of the claims used to support this assertion is that Ray's confession was given under pressure, and he had been threatened with the death penalty.^ The hijacker avoided the death penalty using somewhat technical trick.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[130][136] Ray was a thief and burglar, but he had no record of committing violent crimes with a weapon.[133]
.Those suspecting a conspiracy in the assassination point out the two separate ballistics tests conducted on the Remington Gamemaster recovered by police had neither conclusively proved Ray had been the killer nor that it had even been the murder weapon.^ The FBI also took steps to "point out" the "evasive conduct of King" to the Attorney General and Civil Rights Commission.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I would point out, however, that the assassination of President Kennedy followed these events reasonably close in point of time, and this disrupted the operation of the Office of the Attorney General.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[130][137] Moreover, witnesses surrounding King at the moment of his death say the shot came from another location, from behind thick shrubbery near the rooming house – which had been inexplicably cut away in the days following the assassination – and not from the rooming house window.[138]
Martin Luther King's & Coretta Scott King's tomb, located on the grounds of the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site

Developments

.In 1997, King's son Dexter Scott King met with Ray, and publicly supported Ray's efforts to obtain a new trial.^ King publicly announced his opposition to American involvement in the war in Vietnam in a speech at New York's Riverside Church on April 4, 1967.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Court ruling on Ray's motion for new trial (MLK Document 030165).
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[139] .Two years later, Coretta Scott King, King's widow, along with the rest of King's family, won a wrongful death claim against Loyd Jowers and "other unknown co-conspirators". Jowers claimed to have received $100,000 to arrange King's assassination.^ Coretta Scott King is Dead at 78 [tr] .
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Hub | Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Gay Blog Report | Towleroad, News Daily for Gay Guys. 20 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.towleroad.com [Source type: General]

^ (Tokyo) Great Kanto earthquake about 100,000 to 142,000 deaths It took place during the emergency in the Japanese politics.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This attitude provoked victims' families and the Japanese government finally released it fifteen years later.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.The jury of six whites and six blacks found Jowers guilty and that government agencies were party to the assassination.^ The revised monograph, dated March 12, 1968, was disseminated to the White House, the Attorney General, and the heads of various government intelligence agencies.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[140] William F. Pepper represented the King family in the trial.[141] .King biographer David Garrow disagrees with William F. Pepper's claims that the government killed King.^ Robert Johnson, "James Earl Ray's Chief Defense Lawyer Claims U.S. Government Agents Killed Martin Luther King," National Enquirer, vol.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[142] .He is supported by author Gerald Posner who has researched and written about the assassination.^ It is in Japanese, by a man who does research into not only conspiracies in Japan, but many that I also talk about and that are written and talked about in the west and he shows the Japanese connection to these groups.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Home Research JFK Assassination Records House Select Committee on Assassinations Report References: MLK Assassination Investigation About the JFK Records .
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[143]
.In 2000, the United States Department of Justice completed the investigation about Jowers' claims but did not find evidence to support allegations about conspiracy.^ In August 1963, the Justice Department received a report from the FBI which apparently contained allegations extremely unfavorable to Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Dr. King returned to the United States, steps were taken to reduce support for a huge banquet and a special "day" that were being planned in his honor.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In any event, the FBI has stated that at no time did it have any evidence that Dr. King himself was a communist or connected with the Communist Party.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.The investigation report recommended no further investigation unless some new reliable facts are presented.^ On August 8, 2007, in Internet news in Japan, the US and the UK, the extinction of Yangtze river dolphins was reported with some exaggerations.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No further wiretaps were placed on the New York office.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They appear to present me with information after the fact and request no authority to perform similar surveillances in the future.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[144] The New York Times reported a church minister, Rev. Ronald Denton Wilson, claimed his father, Henry Clay Wilson—not James Earl Ray—assassinated Martin Luther King, Jr. He stated, "It wasn't a racist thing; he thought Martin Luther King was connected with communism, and he wanted to get him out of the way."[145]
.King's friend and colleague, James Bevel, disputed the argument that Ray acted alone, stating, "There is no way a ten-cent white boy could develop a plan to kill a million-dollar black man."^ There will be no boycott of white merchants for King, only for his followers.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no way to stop it.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two months after King's death, a white man, James Earl Ray, was captured.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[146] In 2004, Jesse Jackson, who was with King at the time of his death, noted:
The fact is there were saboteurs to disrupt the march. .And within our own organization, we found a very key person who was on the government payroll.^ When a government agent shows such a symptom even a little, it is natural that he is returned to his own country.And what happens when that government person is already in his home country?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or, are you talking about the men who fought for OUR COUNTRY and not their own personal agenda?
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

So infiltration within, saboteurs from without and the press attacks. ...I will never believe that .James Earl Ray had the motive, the money and the mobility to have done it himself.^ NOTE.--Harry Avery, Commissioner of Corrections for the State of Tennessee in March 1969, claimed that in his official position he got to know James Earl Ray and Jerry Ray.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: reports on escape investigations (MLK Document 060018).
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Testimony of James Earl Ray, August 16, 1978, I HSCA-MLK hearings, 106.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

.Our government was very involved in setting the stage for and I think the escape route for James Earl Ray.^ NOTE.--Harry Avery, Commissioner of Corrections for the State of Tennessee in March 1969, claimed that in his official position he got to know James Earl Ray and Jerry Ray.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: reports on escape investigations (MLK Document 060018).
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Testimony of James Earl Ray, August 16, 1978, I HSCA-MLK hearings, 106.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[147]

Riots

.After King's assassination riots broke out in Chicago, Boston, Detroit, and Washington.^ Frank Holloman, former director of fire and safety, stated that after the rioting started, the assassination of Dr. King and the riot situation were "equal priorities."
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Like Judas leading lambs to slaughter King led the marchers to violence, and when the violence broke out, King disappeared.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the Great Kanto Earthquake, he spread false rumors that Korean people's riots broke out.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Black leader James Farmer, Jr. and others called for non-violent action. "Dr. King would be greatly distressed to find that his blood had triggered off bloodshed and disorder... .I think instead the nation should be quiet; black and white, and we should be in a prayerful mood, which would be in keeping with his life.^ King could be a real contender for this position should he abandon his supposed "obedience" to "white, liberal doctrines" (nonviolence) and embrace black nationalism ....
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

We should make that kind of dedication and commitment to the goals which his life served to solving the domestic problems. That's the memorial, that's the kind of memorial we should build for him. It's just not appropriate for there to be violent retaliations, and that kind of demonstration in the wake of the murder of this pacifist and man of peace."[148]
Stokely Carmichael called for immediate forceful action. "White America killed Dr. King last night. She made a whole lot easier for a whole lot of black people today. .There no longer needs to be intellectual discussions, black people know that they have to get guns.^ It was a great personal suffering, but since we don't really know all that they did, we have no way of knowing the ways that they affected us.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Japanese have no idea about public relations They don't know the meaning of PR though they are familiar with the word.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No matter how many people expect a fine weather, there can be some people who expect a rainfall, for sure.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

White America will live to cry that she killed Dr. King last night. It would have been better if she had killed Rap Brown and/or Stokley Carmichael, but when she killed Dr. King, she lost."[148]

FBI and wiretapping

Allegations of Communist connections

.J. Edgar Hoover, the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, for years had been suspicious about potential influence of communists in social movements such as labor unions and civil rights.^ Sullivan's recommendation was apparently part of an attempt to improve the Domestic Intelligence Division's standing with the Director by convincing him that Sullivan's Division was concerned about alleged communist influence on the civil rights movement and that the Division intended, as Sullivan subsequently informed the Director, to "do everything that is humanly possible" in conducting its investigation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although the FBI conducted disruptive programs -- COINTELPROs -- against alleged communists whom it believed were attempting to influence civil rights organizations, the Bureau did not undertake to discredit the individual whom it considered Dr. King's most "dangerous"' adviser until more than four years after opening the COMINFIL investigation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wilkins stated that he had expressed his concern that accusations about Dr. King would cripple the civil rights movement, noting that if charges were publicly levied against Dr. King, the black community would side with Dr. King and the white community with Director Hoover.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[149] .Hoover directed the FBI to track King in 1957, and the SCLC as it was established (it did not have a full-time executive director until 1960);[46] its investigations were largely superficial until 1962, when it learned that one of King's most trusted advisers was New York City lawyer Stanley Levison.^ [Adviser A] did have the influence on King that the FBI contended.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Memorandum from SAC, New York to Director, FBI, 4/14/64.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Memorandum from SAC New York to Director, FBI, 4/14/64.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.The FBI found Levison had been involved with the Communist Party USA.^ In any event, the FBI has stated that at no time did it have any evidence that Dr. King himself was a communist or connected with the Communist Party.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ FBI documents provided to the Committee to support the Bureau's claim that both men were members of the Communist Party at the time the COMINFIL investigation was opened are inconclusive.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The report stated that one of Dr. King's advisers -- hereinafter referred to as "Adviser A" -- was a "member of the Communist Party, USA." 31 Within a few months FBI reports were describing another of Dr. King's associates -- hereinafter referred to as "Adviser B" -- as a "member of the National Committee of the Communist Party.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[150] .The FBI had observed his alienation from the Party leadership, but it feared he had taken a low profile in order to work as an "agent of influence" in order to manipulate King, a view it continued to hold despite its own reports in 1963 that Levison had left the Party.^ It may be that he feared a "leak" of the FBI's allegations concerning communist influence over Dr. King would be particularly embarrassing in light of the Administration's recent statements in support of Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [Adviser A] did have the influence on King that the FBI contended.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In August 1963, the Justice Department received a report from the FBI which apparently contained allegations extremely unfavorable to Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[151] .Another King lieutenant, Hunter Pitts O'Dell, was also linked to the Communist Party by sworn testimony before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).^ See volume XIII, appendix to the hearings before the Select Committee on Assassinations, U.S. House of Representatives, 95th Cong.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Executive session testimony of James Roberson Jones, June 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Executive session testimony of Arnold Ray Godfrey, Feb, 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[152] .However, by 1976 the FBI had acknowledged that it had not obtained any evidence that King himself or the SCLC were actually involved with any communist organizations.^ The FBI's effort to discredit Dr. King and to undermine the SCLC involved plans touching on virtually every aspect of Dr. King's life.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One project involving the mass media which the FBI felt had been particularly successful was its attempt to prevent Dr. King from obtaining contributions from James Hoffa of the Teamsters Union.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, the IRS assured the FBI that Dr. King's current returns would be scrutinized "very carefully to determine whether any violations appear."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[153]
.The Bureau received authorization to proceed with wiretapping from Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy in the Fall of 1963[154] and informed President John F. Kennedy, both of whom unsuccessfully tried to persuade King to dissociate himself from Levison.^ The wiretap was authorized by the Attorney General (Memorandum from Director, FBI to Attorney General, 3/6/62).
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wiretaps, which were initially approved by Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, were maintained on Dr. King's home telephone from October 1963 until mid-1965; the SCLC headquarter's telephones were covered by wiretaps for an even longer period.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Marshall recalled that Dr. King had made a "commitment" to the Attorney General and to the President to "stop having any communication" with Advisers A and B. Subsequently, information came in, not as far as Adviser B, but as far as Adviser A was concerned, that that commitment was not lived up to, and I have assumed since, although I do not remember discussing it with Robert Kennedy, that the reason that he authorized the tap ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[155] .Although Robert Kennedy only gave written approval for limited wiretapping of King's phones "on a trial basis, for a month or so",[156] Hoover extended the clearance so his men were "unshackled" to look for evidence in any areas of King's life they deemed worthy.^ It is clear, however, that the Attorney General had been aware of whatever information those memoranda contained when he had decided not to approve the King wiretaps the previous month.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If they were looking for other alleged communist efforts to embarrass King and the President, which is what the President thought, Kennedy or Johnson, it would just seem natural that other irrelevant and spurious information would come along with that investigation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On April 19 the Director authorized a survey to determine if a wiretap could be placed on the phone in Dr. King's new residence with "full security."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[157] .The Bureau placed wiretaps on Levison's and King's home and office phones, and bugged King's rooms in hotels as he traveled across the country.^ Phones in the homes and offices of some of Dr. King's close advisers were also wiretapped.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI construed this authorization to extend to Dr. King's hotel rooms and the home of a friend.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On October 14, 1965, a microphone was installed in Dr. King's room in the Astor Hotel in New York.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[155][158]
For his part, King adamantly denied having any connections to Communism, stating in a 1965 Playboy interview that "there are as many Communists in this freedom movement as there are Eskimos in Florida",[159] and claiming that Hoover was "following the path of appeasement of political powers in the South" and that his concern for communist infiltration of the civil rights movement was meant to "aid and abet the salacious claims of southern racists and the extreme right-wing elements".[153] Hoover did not believe his pledge of innocence and replied by saying that King was "the most notorious liar in the country."[160] After King gave his "I Have A Dream" speech during the March on Washington on August 28, 1963, the FBI described King as "the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country".[158] In December 1963, FBI officials who were gathered to a special conference alleged that King was "knowingly, willingly and regularly cooperating with and taking guidance from communists" whose long-term strategy was to create of a "Negro-labor" coalition detrimental to American security.[161]
.The attempt to prove that King was a Communist was related to the feeling of many segregationists that blacks in the South were happy with their lot but had been stirred up by "communists" and "outside agitators".[162] The civil rights movement arose from activism within the black community dating back to before World War I. Levison did have ties with the Communist Party in various business dealings, but the FBI refused to believe its own intelligence bureau reports that Levison was no longer associated in that capacity.^ King concerning the direction of the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King is celebrated for his civil rights work, not for his anti-war views.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The article also reported allegations about Adviser B's association with the Communist Party.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[163] .In response to the FBI's comments regarding communists directing the civil rights movement, King said that "the Negro revolution is a genuine revolution, born from the same womb that produces all massive social upheavals—the womb of intolerable conditions and unendurable situations."^ I said, "Are you all right?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pardalis 27th February 2007, 09:53 AM After all, James Cameron said he was the King of the world...
  • Director James Cameron rewrites religion! [Archive] - JREF Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forums.randi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It’s obvious you’re such an ignorant, virulent, hateful racist that you would never entertain the thought that you could be mistaken about Dr. King, the civil rights movement and diversity in general.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

[164]
Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X, March 26, 1964.

Allegations of adultery

.Having concluded that King was dangerous due to communist infiltration, the focus of the Bureau's investigations shifted to attempting to discredit King through revelations regarding his private life.^ Although the FBI conducted disruptive programs -- COINTELPROs -- against alleged communists whom it believed were attempting to influence civil rights organizations, the Bureau did not undertake to discredit the individual whom it considered Dr. King's most "dangerous"' adviser until more than four years after opening the COMINFIL investigation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the course of the following year, the FBI sent several intelligence reports bearing on Dr. King's private life to the White House and Justice Department.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI's effort to discredit Dr. King and to undermine the SCLC involved plans touching on virtually every aspect of Dr. King's life.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.FBI surveillance of King, some of it since made public, attempted to demonstrate that he also engaged in numerous extramarital affairs.^ Katzenbach does not now recall having been informed about the FBI's microphone surveillance of Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even after Dr. King's death, the FBI tried to tarnish his public image.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The FBI's program to destroy Dr. King as the leader of the civil rights movement entailed attempts to discredit him with churches, universities, and the press.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[158] .Further remarks on King's lifestyle were made by several prominent officials, such as Lyndon Johnson, who once said that King was a "hypocritical preacher".[165] Ralph Abernathy, a close associate of King's, stated in his 1989 autobiography And the Walls Came Tumbling Down that King had a "weakness for women".[166][167] In a later interview, Abernathy said he only wrote the term "womanizing", and did not specifically say King had extramarital sex.^ You only wrote "later" there, too.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Staff summary of Ralph Abernathy interview, 11/19/75, p.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ralph Abernathy, who was with Dr. King during his last days, told the Committee that he had not been aware of any newspaper articles criticizing Dr. King for staying at the Holiday Inn during his visit the previous week.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[168] King's biographer David Garrow detailed what he called King's "compulsive sexual athleticism." Garrow wrote about numerous extramarital affairs, including one with a woman King saw almost daily. According to Garrow, "that relationship, rather than his marriage, increasingly became the emotional centerpiece of King's life, but it did not eliminate the incidental couplings that were a commonplace of King's travels." King explained his extramarital affairs as "a form of anxiety reduction." Garrow noted that King's promiscuity was the cause of "painful and overwhelming guilt".[169]
.The FBI distributed reports regarding such affairs to the executive branch, friendly reporters, potential coalition partners and funding sources of the SCLC, and King's family.^ The FBI's effort to discredit Dr. King and to undermine the SCLC involved plans touching on virtually every aspect of Dr. King's life.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In August 1963, the Justice Department received a report from the FBI which apparently contained allegations extremely unfavorable to Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rumors circulated by the FBI had a profound impact on the SCLC's ability to raise funds.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[170] .The Bureau also sent anonymous letters to King threatening to reveal information if he did not cease his civil rights work.^ King is celebrated for his civil rights work, not for his anti-war views.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The complete absence of any derogatory information on Adviser A's personal life did not prevent the Bureau from attempting to develop such information.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Carey told the Committee staff that he contacted Dr. King after the meeting and suggested that criticizing the FBI was not the best strategy for the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[171] .One anonymous letter sent to King just before he received the Nobel Peace Prize read, in part, "The American public, the church organizations that have been helping—Protestants, Catholics and Jews will know you for what you are—an evil beast.^ Gavin Look, I thought we agreed we wouldn't talk about that, you know, in public.
  • [comics] Liefelds Teen Titans [Archive] - RPGnet Forums 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forum.rpg.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Martin Luther King proved one thing, that if you are really a good and decent person, and you speak the truth, someones gonna kill you for it.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You know, you’re just as racist as I-RIGHT-I is, but ironically he’s more direct.
  • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

.So will others who have backed you.^ So will others who have backed you.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

You are done. .King, there, is only one thing left for you to do.^ King, there, is only one thing left for you to do.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is but one way out for you.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You only wrote "later" there, too.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

You know what it is. .You have just 34 days in which to do (this exact number has been selected for a specific reason, it has definite practical significant [sic]).^ You have just 34 days in which to do (this exact number has been selected for a specific reason, it has definite practical significance).
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Fair enough, i just think it is good practice though to spend the time to reply to people which spend the time to reply to you in threads which you start, or at least occasionally try to.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goldiegirl Jun 10, 2007, 23:34 When people just post a link is it because you agree or disagree with that link.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

You are done. .There is but one way out for you.^ There is but one way out for you.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King, there, is only one thing left for you to do.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sure, he looks impressive with his chest sticking out like that but when you realize there has to be flesh and bone under the fabric, it looks completely inhuman.
  • [comics] Liefelds Teen Titans [Archive] - RPGnet Forums 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC forum.rpg.net [Source type: Original source]

.You better take it before your filthy fraudulent self is bared to the nation."^ You better take it before your filthy fraudulent self is bared to the nation.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[172] King interpreted this as encouragement for him to commit suicide,[173] although William Sullivan, head of the Domestic Intelligence Division at the time, argued that it may have only been intended to "convince Dr. King to resign from the SCLC."[153] King refused to give in to the FBI's threats.[174]
On January 31, 1977, United States district Judge John Lewis Smith, Jr., ordered all known copies of the recorded audiotapes and written transcripts resulting from the FBI's electronic surveillance of King between 1963 and 1968 to be held in the National Archives and sealed from public access until 2027.[175]
.Across from the Lorraine Motel, next to the rooming house in which James Earl Ray was staying, was a fire station.^ James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: bank account records from March 22, 1960 to July 14, 1967 (MLK Document 060018).
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Waiver of attorney-client privilege executed by James Earl Ray, May 23, 1977 (MLK document 110328).
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ FBI identification record of James Earl Ray, No.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

.Police officers were stationed in the fire station to keep King under surveillance.^ Surveillance of Dr. King's civil rights activities continued under the Racial Matters program after the COMINFIL case was opened.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[176] .Using papered-over windows with peepholes cut into them, the agents were watching the scene while Martin Luther King was shot.^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[177] .Immediately following the shooting, officers rushed out of the station to the motel, and Marrell McCollough, an undercover police officer, was the first person to administer first-aid to King.^ There was a policeman in charge of traffic accident at the first floor of the police station.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ See text, infra, at II. D for discussion of the response of the Memphis Police Department immediately following the assassination.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[178] .The antagonism between King and the FBI, the lack of an all points bulletin to find the killer, and the police presence nearby have led to speculation that the FBI was involved in the assassination.^ The FBI's effort to discredit Dr. King and to undermine the SCLC involved plans touching on virtually every aspect of Dr. King's life.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ C. The FBI's Efforts to Discredit Dr. King During His Last Months Between 1965 and early 1967, the files indicate that Bureau concern about Dr. King had decreased.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Particular emphasis is placed on the internal reasons for the FBI's intensification of its investigation of Dr. King and on the interplay between the Justice Department and the FBI during this period.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[179]

Legacy

From the Gallery of 20th Century Martyrs at Westminster Abbey—l. to r. Mother Elizabeth of Russia, Rev. Martin Luther King, Archbishop Oscar Romero and Pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer
.King's main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the United States, which has enabled more Americans to reach their potential.^ Brazil is the Latin American country that has received the most ethnic Japanese immigrants, as well having the largest Japanese population outside of Japan, numbering an estimate of more than 1.5 million considerably bigger than that of the 1.2 million in the United States.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Dr. King returned to the United States, steps were taken to reduce support for a huge banquet and a special "day" that were being planned in his honor.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

He is frequently referenced as a human rights icon today. .His name and legacy have often been invoked since his death as people have debated his likely position on various modern political issues.^ Japanese are often named after real people.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Besides, Japanese people put family names first and use them far more than their given names, which are often forgotten by many.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.On the international scene, King's legacy included influences on the Black Consciousness Movement and Civil Rights Movement in South Africa.^ King concerning the direction of the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King would spell the downfall of the entire civil rights movement ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The intensification order appears to have been more a product of preconceptions and bureaucratic squabbles within the FBI than a response to genuine concerns based on hard evidence that communists might be influencing the civil rights movement.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[180] .King's work was cited by and served as an inspiration for Albert Lutuli, another black Nobel Peace prize winner who fought for racial justice in that country.^ In 1970, Director Hoover told reporters that Dr. King was the "last one in the world who should ever have received" the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end segregation and racial discrimination through civil disobedience and other non-violent means (See Note 1).
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The United States ambassadors in London and Oslo were briefed about Dr. King because "the Ambassadors might consider entertaining King while he is in Europe to receive the Nobel Peace Prize" and it might be possible to "forestall such action by the Ambassadors if they were briefed."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[181] .The day following King's assassination, school teacher Jane Elliott conducted her first "Blue Eyes/Brown Eyes" exercise with her class of elementary school students in Riceville, Iowa.^ School teachers and students 5.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following day, the FBI mailed a tape recording from the Willard Hotel microphone surveillance to Dr. King accompanied by a letter which Dr. King and his associates interpreted as an invitation to suicide.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The reader is also reminded that we did not conduct an investigation into the assassination of Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.Her purpose was to help them understand King's death as it related to racism, something they little understood from having lived in a predominately white community.^ King reportedly stated: One of the great problems we face with the FBI in the South is that the agents are white Southerners who have been influenced by the mores of the community.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The depth of Director Hoover's bitterness toward Dr. King, a bitterness which he had effectively communicated to his subordinates in the FBI, was apparent from the FBI's attempts to sully Dr. King's reputation long after his death.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Collins was then Director of the Community Relations Service, Department of Commerce, a position the Bureau viewed as "something of a 'mediator' in problems relating to the racial field."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[182]
King's wife, Coretta Scott King, followed her husband's footsteps and was active in matters of social justice and civil rights until her death in 2006. The same year that Martin Luther King was assassinated, Mrs. King established the King Center in Atlanta, Georgia, dedicated to preserving his legacy and the work of championing nonviolent conflict resolution and tolerance worldwide.[183] His son, Dexter King, currently serves as the center's chairman.[184] Daughter Yolanda King is a motivational speaker, author and founder of Higher Ground Productions, an organization specializing in diversity training.[185]
.There are opposing views even within the King family — regarding the slain civil rights leader's religious and political views about gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people.^ The successor for Dr. King proposed in Sullivan's memorandum has told the Committee that he was never contacted by the FBI, and that he was not aware of the FBI's plans for him or of any attempts by the FBI to promote him as a civil rights leader.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These, thoughts were (1) that the Attorney General is most anxious that information concerning King not be released; and (2) that the Attorney General's connections with King, and his defensive statements concerning King to Congress in Civil Rights hearings, would certainly injure the Attorney General's political chances for the future.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is felt that the public should again be reminded of this communist influence on King, and the current controversy among civil rights leaders makes this timely to do so.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.King's widow Coretta said publicly that she believed her husband would have supported gay rights.^ It may be that he feared a "leak" of the FBI's allegations concerning communist influence over Dr. King would be particularly embarrassing in light of the Administration's recent statements in support of Dr. King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The banker was disturbed and said he would contact some other bankers also involved and see if support could be quietly withdrawn.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He sat right there where you're sitting and said he never criticized the FBI. I said, Mr. King -- I never called him reverend -- stop right there, you're lying.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, his daughter Bernice believed he would have been opposed to gay marriage.^ He doubted that he had spoken with the Attorney General about the substance of the memorandum, however, because "if I did have a conversation with him, I believe I would have written a memorandum as to that conversation."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[186] .The King Center includes discrimination, and lists homophobia as one of its examples, in its list of "The Triple Evils" that should be opposed.^ This group should include such leadership as would be capable of removing King from the scene if they, of their own volition.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[187]
In 1980, the Department of Interior designated King's boyhood home in Atlanta and several nearby buildings the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site. In 1996, United States Congress authorized the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity to establish a foundation to manage fund raising and design of a Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial on the Mall in Washington, DC.[188] King was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha, the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity established by and for African Americans.[189] King was the first African American honored with his own memorial in the National Mall area and the first non-President to be commemorated in such a way.[190] The sculptor chosen was Lei Yixin.[191] The King Memorial will be administered by the National Park Service.[192]
.King's life and assassination inspired many artistic works.^ Reverend King stated he personally appreciated the great work of the FBI which had been done in so many instances ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

A 1976 Broadway production, I Have a Dream, was directed by Robert Greenwald and starred Billy Dee Williams as King.[193] In spring of 2006, a stage play about King was produced in Beijing, China with King portrayed by Chinese actor, Cao Li. The play was written by Stanford University professor, Clayborne Carson.[194]
.
King spoke earlier about what people should remember him for if they are around for his funeral.
^ They're only doing investigations because of pressure from the people and not because they're curious about the truth or what happened or anything like that.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (H)e told me once again the Attorney General was not worried about what an exposure of King could do to him.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King added that the Director should more appropriately have remarked on how surprising it was that so few Negroes had turned to communism in light of the treatment they had received.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

He said rather than his awards and where he went to school, people should talk about how he fought peacefully for justice.:
I'd like somebody to mention that day that Martin Luther King Jr. tried to give his life serving others. I'd like for somebody to say that day that Martin Luther King Jr. tried to love somebody.
.I want you to say that day that I tried to be right on the war question.^ What do you want to say in this thread?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As for the reply on fish eating in Japan, yes, you are right in saying that previously Japan didn't eat as much.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you seriously want to get your point across, stop and read what others say, and have a logical discussion about it.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.I want you to be able to say that day that I did try to feed the hungry.^ What do you want to say in this thread?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Did the President tell you that he understood that [the newsman] was saying all over town that the Bureau had been offering tapes?
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is an ordinary way for ordinary Japanese women not to say, "I love you", but to say, "I hate you a lot", when they want to show their love.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.I want you to be able to say that day that I did try in my life to clothe those who were naked.^ What do you want to say in this thread?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, personally with the character of the media these days who knows anything about what these scientsts are saying, about their backgrounds or motives, etc.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SouthernBelle82 Jun 2, 2007, 15:09 As someone who is confident that Bush did know the truth about 9/11 but sat on his butt I can say that what you're saying is false.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.I want you to say on that day that I did try in my life to visit those who were in prison.^ What do you want to say in this thread?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But, personally with the character of the media these days who knows anything about what these scientsts are saying, about their backgrounds or motives, etc.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SouthernBelle82 Jun 2, 2007, 15:09 As someone who is confident that Bush did know the truth about 9/11 but sat on his butt I can say that what you're saying is false.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.And I want you to say that I tried to love and serve humanity.^ What do you want to say in this thread?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is natural for a man to say to his girlfriend, "I love you."
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you seriously want to get your point across, stop and read what others say, and have a logical discussion about it.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

.Yes, if you want to say that I was a drum major.^ What do you want to say in this thread?
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is an ordinary way for ordinary Japanese women not to say, "I love you", but to say, "I hate you a lot", when they want to show their love.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As for the reply on fish eating in Japan, yes, you are right in saying that previously Japan didn't eat as much.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

Say that I was a drum major for justice. Say that I was a drum major for peace. I was a drum major for righteousness. And all of the other shallow things will not matter."1968 Year In Review, UPI.com"

Martin Luther King, Jr. Day

.At the White House Rose Garden on November 2, 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed a bill creating a federal holiday to honor King.^ One week later Katzenbach sent to the White House a proposed Presidential directive to all Federal agencies on electronic surveillance.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first attack was set at June 23rd around the US, but not in the US. The then Japanese prime minister, Nakasone, had seemingly a good relationship with the US president Ronald Reagan.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Six days later, Charles Brennan of the Domestic Intelligence Division recommended the circulation of an updated draft of the King monograph to the White House.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

Observed for the first time on January 20, 1986, it is called Martin Luther King, Jr. Day. .Following President George H. W. Bush's 1992 proclamation, the holiday is observed on the third Monday of January each year, near the time of King's birthday.^ According to the December 14, 1970 issue of Time, Director Hoover described the meeting as follows: "I got a wire from the Reverend King in New York.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also for the first time in history a U.S. president (or "president" in Bush's case since he stole both elections) removed troops from a base.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I would point out, however, that the assassination of President Kennedy followed these events reasonably close in point of time, and this disrupted the operation of the Office of the Attorney General.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[195] On January 17, 2000, for the first time, Martin Luther King Jr. Day was officially observed in all fifty U.S. states.[196]

Awards and recognition

King was awarded at least fifty honorary degrees from colleges and universities in the U.S. and elsewhere.[15][197] .Besides winning the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize, in 1965 King was awarded the American Liberties Medallion by the American Jewish Committee for his "exceptional advancement of the principles of human liberty".[197][198] Reverend King said in his acceptance remarks, "Freedom is one thing.^ Reverend Young said that King had been receiving letters charging him with immorality, that these letters attacked his personal life.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King, Congressman Young, and some others listened to the tape sometime after Dr. King had returned from receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, probably in January 1965.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King, there, is only one thing left for you to do.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

.You have it all or you are not free".[199] King was also awarded the Pacem in Terris Award, named after a 1963 encyclical letter by Pope John XXIII calling for all people to strive for peace.^ Attempts to Discredit Dr. King With Churches On February 1, 1965, The Domestic Intelligence Division learned that Dr. King was scheduled to speak at the Davenport, Iowa, Catholic Interracial Council's banquet and receive a "Pacem in Terris" award in memory of Pope John.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He sat right there where you're sitting and said he never criticized the FBI. I said, Mr. King -- I never called him reverend -- stop right there, you're lying.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On July 3, 1963, Dr. King sent the Attorney General a copy of a letter to Adviser B bearing that date.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[200]
In 1966, the Planned Parenthood Federation of America awarded King the Margaret Sanger Award for "his courageous resistance to bigotry and his lifelong dedication to the advancement of social justice and human dignity."[201] King was posthumously awarded the Marcus Garvey Prize for Human Rights by Jamaica in 1968.[15]
.In 1971, King was posthumously awarded the Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album for his Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam.^ King's decision to oppose the Vietnamese war was also attributed to these advisers.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ King publicly announced his opposition to American involvement in the war in Vietnam in a speech at New York's Riverside Church on April 4, 1967.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[202] .Six years later, the Presidential Medal of Freedom was awarded to King by Jimmy Carter.^ Six months later, in April 1964, FBI headquarters was still instructing agents in the field to "continue to gather information concerning King's personal activities ...
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a television interview several years later, Congressman Rooney stated: Now you talk about the FBI leaking something about Martin Luther King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Six days later, Charles Brennan of the Domestic Intelligence Division recommended the circulation of an updated draft of the King monograph to the White House.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[203] King and his wife were also awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.[204]
King was second in Gallup's List of Widely Admired People in the 20th century.[205] .In 1963 King was named Time Person of the Year and in 2000, King was voted sixth in the Person of the Century poll by the same magazine.^ Katzenbach testified that he could not recall having been informed of the surveillance, and stated that it would have been inconsistent with his claimed disapproval of a wiretap on Dr. King's home at the same time.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Time magazine subsequently carried two accounts of the Hoover-King meeting.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We will, at the proper time when it can be done, without embarrassment to the Bureau, expose King as an opportunist who is not a sincere person but is exploiting the racial situation for personal gain.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[206] King was elected third in the Greatest American contest conducted by the Discovery Channel and AOL.[207]
More than 730 cities in the United States have streets named after King.[208] .King County, Washington rededicated its name in his honor in 1986, and changed its logo to an image of his face in 2007.[209] The city government center in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, is named in honor of King.^ (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979) (hereinafter HSCA-MLK hearings), for the committee's science reports on the King investigation.
  • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

[210] .King is remembered as a martyr by the Episcopal Church in the United States of America (feast day April 4)[1][211] and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (feast day January 15).^ When Dr. King returned to the United States, steps were taken to reduce support for a huge banquet and a special "day" that were being planned in his honor.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ January 21, 1966, states that Sullivan had authorized the New York office to "bug" King's room during an anticipated three-day stay.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From January 1964 through November 1965, the FBI installed at least 15 hidden microphones in hotel and motel rooms occupied by Martin Luther King.
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

[212]
In 2002, scholar Molefi Kete Asante listed Martin Luther King, Jr. on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans.[213]

Capital memorial

A memorial to King has been planned for construction on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., by the Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial Project Foundation. .In April 2009, the media reported that King's family had charged the Foundation $800,000 for the use of his words and image in fund-raising materials for the memorial.^ King accepted Adviser A's recommendation that he read the article before committing himself because the reporter "raised a lot of questions about [Adviser B] and that kind of thing."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Burke Marshall, however, described the Bureau's reports about Dr. King and the SCLC as "of no use: it was stupid information."
  • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1947, the Japanese word that was frequently used to mean "family origin" was "monchi" or "n" in the Chinese character.
  • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

[214]
Intellectual Properties Management Inc., an organization operated by King's family, has been charging the Foundation licensing and management fees since 2003. Cambridge University historian David Garrow, who won a Pulitzer Prize for his biography of King, said of King's family's behavior, "One would think any family would be so thrilled to have their forefather celebrated and memorialized in D.C. that it would never dawn on them to ask for a penny." He added that King would have been "absolutely scandalized by the profiteering behavior of his children." King's family responded that the money would be used to maintain the King Center in Atlanta where King and his wife are entombed.[214][215][216]

Bibliography

.
  • Stride toward freedom; the Montgomery story (1958)
  • The Measure of a Man (1959)
  • Strength to Love (1963)
  • Why We Can't Wait (1964)
  • Where do we go from here: Chaos or community? (1967)
  • The Trumpet of Conscience (1968)
  • A Testament of Hope : The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. (1986)
  • The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. (1998), ed.^ Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. "I Have a Dream" speech was really a wonderful speech.
    • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Clayborne Carson

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The Episcopal and Lutheran Churches in the USA have feast days dedicated to Martin Luther King Jr., on 4th April and 15th January respectively, as per the Calendar of saints (Episcopal Church in the United States of America), and Calendar of Saints (Lutheran). Neither church has a formal canonization process, and King Jr. is recognized as a martyr in both churches. There is a statue of King Jr. in the Gallery of 20th Century Martyrs at Westminster Abbey, London.
  2. ^ Lischer, Richard. (2001). The Preacher King, p. 3.
  3. ^ Ogletree, Charles J. (2004). All Deliberate Speed: Reflections on the First Half Century of Brown v. Board of Education. W.W. Norton & Company. pp. 138. ISBN 0393058972. 
  4. ^ Ling, Peter J. (2002). .Martin Luther King, Jr..^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Routledge. pp. 11. ISBN 0415216648.
     
  5. ^ King, Jr., Martin Luther; Clayborne Carson; Peter Holloran; Ralph Luker; Penny A. Russell (1992). The papers of Martin Luther King, Jr.. University of California Press. pp. 76. ISBN 0520079507. 
  6. ^ Katznelson, Ira (2005). When Affirmative Action was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America. W.W. Norton & Company. pp. 5. ISBN 0393052133. 
  7. ^ "King’s God: The Unknown Faith of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.". Tikkun Magazine. http://www.tikkun.org/article.php/nov_dec_09_scofield. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  8. ^ Carson, Clayborne (1998). The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr.. Warner Books. pp. 6. ISBN 0446524123. 
  9. ^ "Coretta Scott King". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/1509338/Coretta-Scott-King.html. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  10. ^ Warren, Mervyn A. (2001). King Came Preaching: The Pulpit Power of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.. InterVarsity Press. pp. 35. ISBN 0830826580. 
  11. ^ Fuller, Linda K. (2004). National Days/National Ways: Historical, Political, And Religious Celebrations around the World. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 314. ISBN 0275972704. 
  12. ^ Ching, Jacqueline (2002). The Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.. Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 18. ISBN 0823935434. 
  13. ^ Downing, Frederick L. (1986). To See the Promised Land: The Faith Pilgrimage of Martin Luther King, Jr. Mercer University Press. pp. 150. ISBN 0865542074. 
  14. ^ Nojeim, Michael J. (2004). Gandhi and King: The Power of Nonviolent Resistance. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 179. ISBN 0275965740. 
  15. ^ a b c "Biographical Outline of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.". The King Center. http://www.thekingcenter.org/mlk/bio.html. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  16. ^ See Martin Luther King, Jr. authorship issues. See also: Baldwin, Lewis V. (1992). To Make the Wounded Whole: The Cultural Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.. Fortress Press. pp. 298. ISBN 0800625439. , "Boston U. Panel Finds Plagiarism by Dr. King". The New York Times. 1991-10-11. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CEFD61030F932A25753C1A967958260. Retrieved 2008-06-14. , Heller, Steven; Veronique Vienne (2003). Citizen Designer: Perspectives on Design Responsibility. Allworth Communications, Inc.. pp. 156. ISBN 1581152655. 
  17. ^ http://ginsberg.umich.edu/downloads/Boyte_Dewey_Lecture2007.doc
  18. ^ Thurman, Howard (1981). With Head and Heart: The Autobiography of Howard Thurman. Harcourt. pp. 254. ISBN 015697648X. 
  19. ^ Thurman, Howard; Walter E. Fluker; Catherine Tumber (1998). A Strange Freedom: The Best of Howard Thurman on Religious Experience and Public Life. Beacon Press. pp. 6. ISBN 080701057X. 
  20. ^ Curtis, Nancy C. (1996). Black Heritage Sites: An African American Odyssey and Finder's Guide. ALA Editions. pp. 62. ISBN 0838906435. 
  21. ^ Marsh, Charles (1999). God's Long Summer: Stories of Faith and Civil Rights. Princeton University Press. pp. 122. ISBN 0691029407. 
  22. ^ "The Legacy of Howard Thurman — Mystic and Theologian". Religion & Ethics Newsweekly. PBS. 2002-01-18. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/week520/feature.html. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  23. ^ King, Jr., Martin Luther; Clayborne Carson; Peter Holloran; Ralph Luker; Penny A. Russell (1992). The papers of Martin Luther King, Jr.. University of California Press. pp. 3. ISBN 0520079507. 
  24. ^ King, Jr., Martin Luther; Clayborne Carson; Peter Holloran; Ralph Luker; Penny A. Russell (1992). The papers of Martin Luther King, Jr.. University of California Press. pp. 135–136. ISBN 0520079507. 
  25. ^ Kahlenberg, Richard D.. "Book Review: Bayard Rustin: Troubles I've Seen". Washington Monthly. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1316/is_n4_v29/ai_19279952. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  26. ^ Bennett, Scott H. (2003). Radical Pacifism: The War Resisters League and Gandhian Nonviolence in America, 1915-1963. Syracuse University Press. pp. 217. ISBN 0815630034. 
  27. ^ Farrell, James J. (1997). The Spirit of the Sixties: Making Postwar Radicalism. Routledge. pp. 90. ISBN 0415913853. 
  28. ^ De Leon, David (1994). Leaders from the 1960s: a biographical sourcebook of American activism. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 138. ISBN 0313274142. 
  29. ^ Arsenault, Raymond (2006). Freedom Riders: 1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice. Oxford University Press US. pp. 62. ISBN 0195136748. 
  30. ^ Galchutt, Kathryn M. (2005). The Career of Andrew Schulze, 1924-1968: Lutherans And Race in the Civil Rights Era. Mercer University Press. pp. 194. ISBN 086554946X. 
  31. ^ Wintle, Justin (2001). Makers of Modern Culture: Makers of Culture. Routledge. pp. 272. ISBN 0415265835. 
  32. ^ Manheimer, Ann S. (2004). Martin Luther King Jr: Dreaming of Equality. Twenty-First Century Books. pp. 103. ISBN 1575056275. 
  33. ^ "December 1, 1955: Rosa Parks arrested". CNN. 2003-03-11. http://www.cnn.com/2003/US/03/10/sprj.80.1955.parks/index.html. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  34. ^ Walsh, Frank (2003). The Montgomery Bus Boycott. Gareth Stevens. pp. 24. ISBN 0836854039. 
  35. ^ McMahon, Thomas F. (2004). Ethical Leadership Through Transforming Justice. University Press of America. pp. 25. ISBN 0761829083. 
  36. ^ Fisk, Larry J.; John Schellenberg (1999). Patterns of Conflict, Paths to Peace. Broadview Press. pp. 115. ISBN 1551111543. 
  37. ^ King, Jr., Martin Luther; Clayborne Carson; Peter Holloran; Ralph Luker; Penny A. Russell (1992). The papers of Martin Luther King, Jr.. University of California Press. pp. 9. ISBN 0520079507.  See also: Jackson, Thomas F. (2007). .From Civil Rights to Human Rights: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Struggle for Economic Justice.^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 53. ISBN 0812239695.
     
  38. ^ Marable, Manning; Leith Mullings (2000). Let Nobody Turn Us Around: Voices of Resistance, Reform, and Renewal: an African American Anthology. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 391–392. ISBN 084768346X. 
  39. ^ Pearson, Hugh. When Harlem Nearly Killed King: The 1958 Stabbing of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002), p.37.
  40. ^ Google Books extract of Pearson
  41. ^ Vivian, Octavia (2006). Coretta: The Story of Coretta Scott King. Fortress Press. pp. 45. ISBN 0800638557. 
  42. ^ "New Sitdowns Stir Violence in Tennessee". The Chicago Daily Tribune. April 12, 1960. 
  43. ^ King, Jr., Martin Luther (1988). The Measure of a Man. Fortress Press. pp. 9. ISBN 0800608771. 
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  45. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s, Basic Books: New York, New York. ISBN 0-46504-195-7. p 41
  46. ^ a b Theoharis, Athan G.; Tony G. Poveda; Richard Gid Powers; Susan Rosenfeld (1999). The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 123. ISBN 089774991X. 
  47. ^ Wilson, Joseph; Manning Marable; Immanuel Ness (2006). Race and Labor Matters in the New U.S. Economy. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 47. ISBN 0742546918.  See also: Schofield, Norman (2006). Architects of Political Change: Constitutional Quandaries and Social Choice Theory. Cambridge University Press. pp. 189. ISBN 0521832020. 
  48. ^ Jackson, Thomas F. (2007). .From Civil Rights to Human Rights: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Struggle for Economic Justice.^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 85. ISBN 0812239695.
     
  49. ^ Shafritz, Jay M. (1998). International Encyclopedia of Public Policy and Administration. Westview Press. pp. 1242. ISBN 0813399742.  See also: Loevy, Robert D.; Hubert H. Humphrey; John G. Stewart (1997). The Civil Rights Act of 1964: The Passage of the Law that Ended Racial Segregation. SUNY Press. pp. 337. ISBN 0791433617. 
  50. ^ Glisson, Susan M. (2006). The Human Tradition in the Civil Rights Movement. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 190. ISBN 0742544095. 
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  53. ^ "Albany GA, Movement". Civil Rights Movement Veterans. http://www.crmvet.org/tim/timhis61.htm#1961albany. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  54. ^ Garrow, (1986) p. 246.
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  56. ^ Jones, Maxine D.; Kevin M. McCarthy (1993). African Americans in Florida: An Illustrated History. Pineapple Press Inc.. pp. 113–115. ISBN 156164031X. 
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  58. ^ "The Selma Injunction". Civil Rights Movement Veterans. http://www.crmvet.org/tim/timhis64.htm#1964selmainj. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
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  61. ^ Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur Meier (2002). Robert Kennedy and His Times. Houghton Mifflin Books. pp. 351. ISBN 0618219285.  See also: Marable, Manning (1991). Race, Reform, and Rebellion: The Second Reconstruction in Black America, 1945-1990. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 74. ISBN 0878054936. 
  62. ^ Rosenberg, Jonathan; Zachary Karabell (2003). Kennedy, Johnson, and the Quest for Justice: The Civil Rights Tapes. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 130. ISBN 0393051226. 
  63. ^ a b Boggs, Grace Lee (1998). Living for Change: An Autobiography. U of Minnesota Press. pp. 127. ISBN 0816629552. 
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  65. ^ Singleton, Carl; Rowena Wildin (1999). The Sixties in America. Salem Press. pp. 454. ISBN 0893569828.  See also: Bennett, Scott H. (2003). Radical Pacifism: The War Resisters League and Gandhian Nonviolence in America, 1915-1963. Syracuse University Press. pp. 225. ISBN 0815630034.  See also: Davis, Rep. Danny (2007-01-16). "Celebrating the Birthday and Public Holiday for Martin Luther King, Jr.". Library of Congress. http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?r110:46:./temp/~r110JkVd5O::. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  66. ^ Powers, Roger S.; William B. Vogele; Christopher Kruegler; Ronald M. McCarthy (1997). Protest, power, and change: an encyclopedia of nonviolent action from ACT-UP to Women's Suffrage. Taylor & Francis. pp. 313. ISBN 0815309139. 
  67. ^ Moore, Lucinda (2003-08-01). "Dream Assignment". Smithsonian Magazine. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/dream-speech.html. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  68. ^ Washington, James M. (1991). A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr.. HarperCollins. pp. 365–367. ISBN 0060646918. 
  69. ^ Washington, James M. (1991). A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr.. HarperCollins. pp. 367–368. ISBN 0060646918. 
  70. ^ Jackson, Thomas F. (2007). .From Civil Rights to Human Rights: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Struggle for Economic Justice.^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 222–223. ISBN 0812239695.
     
  71. ^ Jackson, Thomas F. (2007). .From Civil Rights to Human Rights: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Struggle for Economic Justice.^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 223. ISBN 0812239695.
     
  72. ^ Isserman, Maurice; Michael Kazin (2000). America Divided: The Civil War of the 1960s. Oxford University Press US. pp. 175. ISBN 0195091906.  See also: Azbell, Joe (1968). The Riotmakers. Oak Tree Books. pp. 176. 
  73. ^ Leeman, Richard W. (1996). African-American Orators: A Bio-critical Sourcebook. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 220. ISBN 0313290148. 
  74. ^ "North Lawndale". Encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org. http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/901.html. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
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  76. ^ Ralph, James (1993). Northern Protest: Martin Luther King, Jr., Chicago, and the Civil Rights Movement. Harvard University Press. pp. 1. ISBN 0674626877. 
  77. ^ Cohen, Adam Seth; Elizabeth Taylor (2000). Pharaoh: Mayor Richard J. Daley : His Battle for Chicago and the Nation. Back Bay. pp. 347. ISBN 0316834890. 
  78. ^ Cohen, Adam Seth; Elizabeth Taylor (2000). Pharaoh: Mayor Richard J. Daley : His Battle for Chicago and the Nation. Back Bay. pp. 416. ISBN 0316834890.  See also: Ralph, James (1993). Northern Protest: Martin Luther King, Jr., Chicago, and the Civil Rights Movement. Harvard University Press. pp. 1. ISBN 0674626877.  See also: Fairclough, Adam (1987). To Redeem the Soul of America: The Southern Christian Leadership Conference & Martin Luther King, Jr.. University of Georgia Press. pp. 299. ISBN 0820323462. 
  79. ^ Baty, Chris (2004). Chicago: City Guide. Lonely Planet. pp. 52. ISBN 1741040329.  See also: Stone, Eddie (1988). Jesse Jackson. Holloway House Publishing. pp. 59–60. ISBN 087067840X. 
  80. ^ Lentz, Richard (1990). Symbols, the News Magazines, and Martin Luther King. LSU Press. pp. 230. ISBN 0807125245. 
  81. ^ Isserman, Maurice; Michael Kazin (2000). America Divided: The Civil War of the 1960s. Oxford University Press US. pp. 200. ISBN 0195091906.  See also: Miller, Keith D. (1998). Voice of Deliverance: The Language of Martin Luther King, Jr., and Its Sources. University of Georgia Press. pp. 139. ISBN 0820320137. 
  82. ^ Mis (2008). Meet Martin Luther King, Jr.. Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 20. ISBN 1404242090. 
  83. ^ Slessarev, Helene (1997). The Betrayal of the Urban Poor. Temple University Press. pp. 140. ISBN 1566395437. 
  84. ^ a b Krenn, Michael L. (1998). The African American Voice in U.S. Foreign Policy Since World War II. Taylor & Francis. pp. 29. ISBN 0815334184. 
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  87. ^ a b Robbins, Mary Susannah (2007). Against the Vietnam War: Writings by Activists. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 109. ISBN 0742559149. 
  88. ^ Lawson, Steven F.; Charles M. Payne; James T. Patterson (2006). Debating the Civil Rights Movement, 1945-1968. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 148. ISBN 0742551091. 
  89. ^ Robbins, Mary Susannah (2007). Against the Vietnam War: Writings by Activists. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 106. ISBN 0742559149. 
  90. ^ Long, Michael G. (2002). Against Us, But for Us: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the State. Mercer University Press. pp. 199. ISBN 0865547688. 
  91. ^ Baldwin, Lewis V. (1992). To Make the Wounded Whole: The Cultural Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.. Fortress Press. pp. 273. ISBN 0800625439. 
  92. ^ Harding; Cindy Rosenthal (2006). Restaging the Sixties: Radical Theaters and Their Legacies. University of Michigan Press. pp. 297. ISBN 0472069543.  See also: Lentz, Richard (1990). Symbols, the News Magazines, and Martin Luther King. LSU Press. pp. 64. ISBN 0807125245. 
  93. ^ Ling, Peter J. (2002). .Martin Luther King, Jr..^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Routledge. pp. 277. ISBN 0415216648.
     
  94. ^ Franklin, Robert Michael (1990). Liberating Visions: Human Fulfillment and Social Justice in African-American Thought. Fortress Press. pp. 125. ISBN 0800623924. 
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  96. ^ a b Zinn, Howard (2002). The Power of Nonviolence: Writings by Advocates of Peace. Beacon Press. pp. 122. ISBN 0807014079. 
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  104. ^ Bobbitt, David (2007). The Rhetoric of Redemption: Kenneth Burke's Redemption Drama and Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" Speech. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 105. ISBN 0742529282. 
  105. ^ Ling, Peter J. (2002). .Martin Luther King, Jr..^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Routledge. pp. 250–251. ISBN 0415216648.
     
  106. ^ Yeshitela, Omali. "Abbreviated Report from the International Tribunal on Reparations for Black People in the U.S.". African People's Socialist Party. http://www.apspuhuru.org/publications/repnow/ReparationsNow-OCR.txt. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
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  122. ^ Dickerson, James (1998). Dixie's Dirty Secret: The True Story of how the Government, the Media, and the Mob Conspired to Combat Immigration and the Vietnam Antiwar Movement. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 169. ISBN 0765603403. 
  123. ^ Hatch, Jane M.; George William Douglas (1978). The American Book of Days. Wilson. pp. 321. 
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  125. ^ Werner, Craig (2006). A Change is Gonna Come: Music, Race & the Soul of America. University of Michigan Press. pp. 9. ISBN 0472031473. 
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    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Routledge. pp. 296. ISBN 0415216648.
     
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  143. ^ Sargent, Frederic O. (2004). The Civil Rights Revolution: Events and Leaders, 1955-1968. McFarland. pp. 129. ISBN 0786419148. 
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  145. ^ Canedy, Dana (2002-04-06). "My father killed King, says pastor, 34 years on". The Sydney Morning Herald. http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2002/04/06/1017206269495.html. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
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  149. ^ Downing, Frederick L. (1986). To See the Promised Land: The Faith Pilgrimage of Martin Luther King, Jr. Mercer University Press. pp. 246–247. ISBN 0865542074. 
  150. ^ Kotz, Nick (2005). Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Laws that Changed America. Houghton Mifflin Books. pp. 233. ISBN 0618088253. 
  151. ^ Kotz, Nick (2005). Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Laws that Changed America. Houghton Mifflin Books. pp. 71–73. ISBN 0618088253. 
  152. ^ Woods, Jeff (2004). Black Struggle, Red Scare: Segregation and Anti-communism in the South, 1948-1968. LSU Press. pp. 126. ISBN 0807129267.  See also: Wannall, Ray (2000). The Real J. Edgar Hoover: For the Record. Turner Publishing Company. pp. 87. ISBN 1563115530. 
  153. ^ a b c Church, Frank (April 23, 1976). "Church Committee Book III". Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Case Study. Church Committee. http://www.icdc.com/~paulwolf/cointelpro/churchfinalreportIIIb.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-01. 
  154. ^ Garrow, David J. (2002-07/08). "The FBI and Martin Luther King". The Atlantic Monthly. http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200207/garrow. 
  155. ^ a b Ryskind, Allan H. (2006-02-27). "JFK and RFK Were Right to Wiretap MLK". Human Events. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3827/is_200602/ai_n17173432/pg_2. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  156. ^ Herst, Burton (2007). Bobby and J. Edger, Carroll & Graf: New York, New York. ISBN 0-78671-982-6. p. 372.
  157. ^ Herst, Burton, (2007) pp. 372-374.
  158. ^ a b c Christensen, Jen (2008-04-07). "FBI tracked King's every move". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/03/31/mlk.fbi.conspiracy/index.html. Retrieved 2008-06-14. 
  159. ^ Washington, James M. (1991). A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr.. HarperCollins. p. 362. ISBN 0060646918. 
  160. ^ Bruns, Roger (2006). Martin Luther King, Jr.: A Biography. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 67. ISBN 0313336865. 
  161. ^ Kotz, Nick (2005). Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Laws that Changed America. Houghton Mifflin Books. p. 83. ISBN 0618088253. 
  162. ^ Gilbert, Alan (1990). Democratic Individuality: A Theory of Moral Progress. Cambridge University Press. p. 435. ISBN 0521387094. 
  163. ^ Kotz, Nick (2005). Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Laws that Changed America. Houghton Mifflin Books. pp. 70–74. ISBN 0618088253. 
  164. ^ Washington, James M. (1991). A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr.. HarperCollins. p. 363. ISBN 0060646918. 
  165. ^ Sidey, Hugh (1975-02-10). "L.B.J., Hoover and Domestic Spying". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,912799-2,00.html. Retrieved 2008-06-14. 
  166. ^ Newsweek Magazine 1-19-1998, p. 62; "And the walls came tumbling down," by Rev. Ralph Abernathy (1989)
  167. ^ Baldwin, Lewis V. (1992). To Make the Wounded Whole: The Cultural Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr. Fortress Press. p. 296. ISBN 0800625439. 
  168. ^ "And the Walls Came Tumbling Down by Rev. Ralph David Abernathy". Booknotes. 1989-10-29. http://www.booknotes.org/Transcript/index_print.asp?ProgramID=1442. Retrieved 2008-06-14. 
  169. ^ Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. William Morrow & Company. 1986. pp. 375–376.  See also: Burrow, Jr., Rufus (Spring 2003). "The humanity of Martin Luther King, Jr.: Vigilance in pursuing his dream". Encounter. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa4044/is_200304/ai_n9232227. Retrieved 2008-06-14. 
  170. ^ Burnett, Thom (2005). Conspiracy Encyclopedia. Collins & Brown. p. 58. ISBN 1843402874. 
  171. ^ Thragens, William C. (1988). Popular Images of American Presidents. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 532. ISBN 031322899X. 
  172. ^ "FBI letter to King". Oil Empire. http://www.oilempire.us/cointelpro.html. Retrieved 2008-08-27.  See also: Kotz, Nick (2005). Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Laws that Changed America. Houghton Mifflin Books. p. 247. ISBN 0618088253. 
  173. ^ Wilson, Sondra K. (1999). In Search of Democracy: The NAACP Writings of James Weldon Johnson, Walter White, and Roy Wilkins (1920-1977). Oxford University Press US. p. 466. ISBN 019511633X. 
  174. ^ "FBI tracked King's every move". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/03/31/mlk.fbi.conspiracy/index.html#cnnSTCVideo. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  175. ^ Phillips, Geraldine N. (Summer 1997). "Documenting the Struggle for Racial Equality in the Decade of the Sixties". Prologue Magazine. The National Archives and Records Administration. http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1997/summer/equality-in-the-sixties.html#f3. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  176. ^ "Eyewitness to Murder: The King Assassination Featured Individuals". Black in America. CNN. http://www.hvc-inc.com/clients/cnn/bia/featured.html. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  177. ^ McKnight, Gerald (1998). The Last Crusade: Martin Luther King, Jr., the FBI, and the Poor People's Crusade. Boulder: Westview Press. p. 76. ISBN 0813333849. 
  178. ^ Martin Luther King, Jr.: The FBI Files. Filiquarian Publishing, LLC. 2007. pp. 40–42. ISBN 1599862530.  See also: Polk, James (2008-04-07). "King conspiracy theories still thrive 40 years later". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/03/28/conspiracy.theories/index.html. Retrieved 2008-06-16.  and "King's FBI file". FBI. http://foia.fbi.gov/foiaindex/king.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  179. ^ Knight, Peter (2003). Conspiracy Theories in American History: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 408–409. ISBN 1576078124. 
  180. ^ Ansell, Gwen (2005). Soweto Blues: Jazz, Popular Music, and Politics in South Africa. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 139. ISBN 0826417531.  See also: Clinton, Hillary Rodham (2007). It Takes a Village: And Other Lessons Children Teach Us. Simon & Schuster. p. 137. ISBN 1416540644. 
  181. ^ King, Jr., Martin Luther; Clayborne Carson; Peter Holloran; Ralph Luker; Penny A. Russell (1992). The papers of Martin Luther King, Jr.. University of California Press. pp. 307–308. ISBN 0520079507. 
  182. ^ Peters, William. "A Class Divided: One Friday in April, 1968". Frontline. PBS. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/divided/etc/friday.html. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  183. ^ "The King Center's Mission". The King Center. http://www.thekingcenter.org/tkc/mission.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  184. ^ Copeland, Larry (2006-02-01). "Future of Atlanta's King Center in limbo". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-01-31-king-center_x.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-27.  See also: "Chairman's Message: Introduction to the King Center and its Mission". The King Center. http://www.thekingcenter.org/tkc/chairman.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  185. ^ "Welcome to Higher Ground Productions". Higher Ground Productions. http://www.highergroundproductions.com/index2.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  186. ^ Williams, Brandt (2005-01-16). "What would Martin Luther King do?". Minnesota Public Radio. http://news.minnesota.publicradio.org/features/2005/01/17_williamsb_wwmlkd/. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  187. ^ "The Triple Evils". The King Center. http://www.thekingcenter.org/misc/triple_evils.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  188. ^ "Washington, DC Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial Project Foundation Breaks Ground On Historic $100 Million Memorial On The National Mall In Washington, D.C.". Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Project Foundation. 2006-11-06. http://www.mlkmemorial.org/site/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=hkIUL9MVJxE&b=1601407&ct=3612187. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  189. ^ Mjagkij, Nina (2001). Organizing Black America: An Encyclopedia of African American Associations. Taylor & Francis. pp. 30. ISBN 0815323093. 
  190. ^ Tobias, Randall L. (2007-01-18). "Celebrating the Birthday of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.". U.S. Department of State. http://www.state.gov/f/releases/remarks2007/87649.htm. 
  191. ^ Evans, Ben (2007-08-25). "Choice of sculptor for Martin Luther King Jr. monument draws flak". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2007-08-25-mlkmemorial_N.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-27. "The selection of a Chinese sculptor to carve a three-story monument to Martin Luther King Jr. on the National Mall is raising questions about what part of his legacy should be celebrated." 
  192. ^ "History of the Memorial". Washington, DC Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial Project Foundation. http://www.mlkmemorial.org/site/c.hkIUL9MVJxE/b.1190613/k.5EE9/History_of_the_Memorial.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  193. ^ "The Theater: A King in Darkness", Time, 1976-10-04, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,918426,00.html, retrieved 2009-01-03 
  194. ^ "National Theatre Company of China Tours Atlanta, Birmingham, and Memphis". The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute. 2007-02-06. http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/China/mlkchina/try2_files/mlkpp_data/Touring_Atlanta_text.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-27.  See also: 2007-06-23, Anthony. NPR: "Martin Luther King's Story Plays on Beijing Stage". National Public Radio. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=11330396 NPR:. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  195. ^ "Proclamation 6401 - Martin Luther King, Jr., Federal Holiday, 1992". The American Presidency Project. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=47329. Retrieved 2008-09-08.  See also: "Martin Luther King Day". U.S. Department of State. http://exchanges.state.gov/education/engteaching/mlkbday.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  196. ^ Goldberg, Carey (1999-05-26). "Contrarian New Hampshire To Honor Dr. King, at Last". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A07E0DC1031F935A15756C0A96F958260. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  197. ^ a b Warren, Mervyn A. (2001). King Came Preaching: The Pulpit Power of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.. InterVarsity Press. pp. 79. ISBN 0830826580. 
  198. ^ "Winner of the 1964 Nobel Prize in Peace". Nobel Prize Committee. http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1964/index.html. Retrieved 2008-06-21.  See also: Engel, Irving M.. "Commemorating Martin Luther King, Jr.: Presentation of American Liberties Medallion". American Jewish Committee. http://www.ajc.org/site/apps/nl/content3.asp?c=ijITI2PHKoG&b=843719&ct=1052921. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  199. ^ King, Jr., Martin Luther. "Commemorating Martin Luther King, Jr.: Response to Award of American Liberties Medallion". American Jewish Committee. http://www.ajc.org/site/apps/nl/content3.asp?c=ijITI2PHKoG&b=843719&ct=1052923. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  200. ^ "Habitat co-founder to receive Pacem in Terris award tonight". Quad-City Times. 2005-10-23. http://www.qctimes.com/articles/2005/10/23/news/local/doc435b0e9c484dc514864978.txt. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  201. ^ "The Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. upon accepting The Planned Parenthood Federation Of America Margaret Sanger Award". PPFA. http://www.plannedparenthood.org/about-us/who-we-are/the-reverend-martin-luther-king-jr.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  202. ^ Gates, Henry Louis; Anthony Appiah (1999). Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. Basic Civitas Books. pp. 1348. ISBN 0465000711. 
  203. ^ "Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.". The Official Site of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. http://www.medaloffreedom.com/MartinLutherKingJr.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  204. ^ "Congressional Gold Medal Recipients (1776 to Present)". Office of the Clerk: U.S. House of Representatives. http://clerk.house.gov/art_history/house_history/goldMedal.html. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  205. ^ Gallup, George; Alec Gallup, Jr. (2000). The Gallup Poll: Public Opinion 1999. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 249. ISBN 0842026991. 
  206. ^ "The Person of the Century Poll Results". Time. 2000-01-19. http://www.time.com/time/time100/poc/century.html. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  207. ^ "Reagan voted 'greatest American'". BBC. 2005-06-28. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4631421.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  208. ^ Alderman, Derek H.. "Naming Streets for Martin Luther King, Jr.: No Easy Road" (PDF). Landscape and Race in the United States. Routledge Press. http://personal.ecu.edu/aldermand/pubs/alderman_chapter.pdf. 
  209. ^ "King County Was Rededicated For Mlk". The Seattle Times. 1998-01-18. http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=19980118&slug=2729257. Retrieved 2008-06-13.  See also: "New logo is an image of civil rights leader". King County. http://www.kingcounty.gov/operations/logo.aspx. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  210. ^ "Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Essay Competition Winners Announced". City of Harrisburg. 2003-01-19. http://www.harrisburgpa.gov/pressReleases/prArchives/2003/01/20030119_mlkEssay.html. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  211. ^ Flagg, Chuck (2006-02-10). "What it Takes to Become a Saint". The Morgan Hill Times. http://www.morganhilltimes.com/lifestyles/178715-what-it-takes-to-become-a-saint. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  212. ^ "News & Events — January 2008". St. Thomas Evangelical Lutheran Church. http://www.stlconline.org/archive/200801.html. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  213. ^ Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, New York. Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-963-8.
  214. ^ a b Zongker, Brett, (Associated Press), "King family draws fees from DC memorial project", Yahoo News, April 17, 2009.
  215. ^ Shirek, John, "King Center: MLK's Children Not Making Money on Memorial," WXIA-TV, April 22, 2009.
  216. ^ Turley, Jonathan, "Monumental Shakedown: Cashing in on Martin Luther King, Jr.", Los Angeles Times, April 22, 2009.

References

  • Abernathy, Ralph (1989). And the Walls Came Tumbling Down: An Autobiography. Harper & Row. ISBN 0060161922. 
  • Ayton, Mel (2005). .A Racial Crime: James Earl Ray And The Murder Of Martin Luther King Jr..^ Interview with James Earl Ray, Apr.
    • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ NOTE.--Harry Avery, Commissioner of Corrections for the State of Tennessee in March 1969, claimed that in his official position he got to know James Earl Ray and Jerry Ray.
    • References: MLK Assassination Investigation 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

    Archebooks Publishing. ISBN 1595070753.
     
  • Beito, David; Beito, Linda Royster (2004). "T.R.M. Howard: Pragmatism over Strict Integrationist Ideology in the Mississippi Delta, 1942–1954". in Feldman, Glenn (ed.). .Before Brown: Civil Rights and White Backlash in the Modern South.^ Young also told the Committee that within a few weeks of the meeting, the FBI announced that it had arrested suspects in the summer murder of three civil rights workers in the South.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Generally, for years the civil rights movement in the South and to some extent in some quarters in the North ...
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The FBI's Domestic Intelligence Division informed Director Hoover shortly before the March that Communist influence in the civil rights movement was negligible.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    University of Alabama Press. pp. 68–95. ISBN 0817351345.
     
  • Branch, Taylor (2006). .At Canaan's Edge: America In the King Years, 1965–1968.^ VII. THE FBI PROGRAM AGAINST DR. KING: 1965-1968 The public dispute between Dr. King and Director Hoover ended with their December 1, 1964, meeting.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A. Major Efforts to Discredit Dr. King: 1965-1968 1.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Simon & Schuster. ISBN 068485712X.
     
  • Branch, Taylor (1988). Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954–1963. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0671460978. 
  • Branch, Taylor (1998). Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years, 1963–1965. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0684808196. 
  • Chernus, Ira (2004). "Chapter 11". American Nonviolence: The History of an Idea. Orbis Books. ISBN 1570755477. 
  • Garrow, David J (1981). .The FBI and Martin Luther King, Jr..^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Penguin Books. ISBN 0140064869.
     
  • Jackson, Thomas F. (2006). .From Civil Rights to Human Rights: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Struggle for Economic Justice.^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 9780812239690.
     
  • King, Coretta Scott (1993) [1969]. .My Life with Martin Luther King, Jr..^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Henry Holth & Co. ISBN 080502445X.
     
  • Kirk, John A. (2005). .Martin Luther King, Jr..^ Martin Luther King to be the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ INTERVIEWER. How do you know everything about Martin Luther King?
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These memoranda deal with activities of Martin Luther King.
    • INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND THE RIGHTS OF AMERICANS: DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., CASE STUDY 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.icdc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Pearson Longman. ISBN 0582414318.
     
  • Lindgren, Carl Edwin. "Resurrection City". Southern Exposure vol.XX (No. 1 Spring 1992): 7. 

Further reading

  • David Garrow, Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1989)
  • Flip Schulke and Penelope McPhee, King Remembered, Foreword by Jesse Jackson (1986)
  • Nick Kotz, Judgment Days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King Jr., and the Laws that Changed America (2005)

External links

Video and audio material

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
International Committee of the Red Cross
and
League of Red Cross Societies
Nobel Peace Prize Laureate
1964
Succeeded by
UNICEF

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.
Men often hate each other because they fear each other; they fear each other because they don't know each other; they don't know each other because they cannot communicate; they cannot communicate because they are separated.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929April 4, 1968) was a Baptist minister, civil rights activist, and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize of 1964. He was the husband of Coretta Scott King, and father of Martin Luther King III.

Contents

Sourced

There are often multiple sources for some famous statements by King; as a professional speaker and minister he used some significant phrases with only slight variation many times in his essays, books, and his speeches to different audiences.
.
There comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but he must do it because Conscience tells him it is right.
  • You know my friends, there comes a time when people get tired of being trampled by the iron feet of oppression ... If we are wrong, the Supreme Court of this nation is wrong.^ And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular but because conscience tells one it is right.” .
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. quotes 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC en.thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Do you take the position that one can reject those doctrines and be a Christian?
    • What Kind of Man Was Martin Luther King Jr. ? (CSTNews) 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.cstnews.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but he must do it because Conscience tells him it is right.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .If we are wrong, the Constitution of the United States is wrong.^ What was the first constitution of the United States?
    • The U.S. Constitution FAQ - The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net 20 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.usconstitution.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If we are wrong, the Constitution of the United States is wrong .
    • Dr. Martin Luther King, MARTIN LUTHER KING 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.akidsright.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If we are wrong, the Constitution of the United States is wrong.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King : Biography 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Theology Today - Vol 44, No.1 - April 1987 - BOOK REVIEW - Martin Luther King, Jr. as Public Theologian 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC theologytoday.ptsem.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .And if we are wrong, God Almighty is wrong.^ If we are wrong, God Almighty is wrong."
    • Theology Today - Vol 44, No.1 - April 1987 - BOOK REVIEW - Martin Luther King, Jr. as Public Theologian 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC theologytoday.ptsem.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And if we are wrong, God Almighty is wrong.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If we are wrong, God Almighty is wrong.

    .If we are wrong, Jesus of Nazareth was merely a utopian dreamer that never came down to Earth.^ If we are wrong, Jesus of Nazareth was merely a Utopian dreamer who never cam down to earth.
    • Dr. Martin Luther King, MARTIN LUTHER KING 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.akidsright.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If we are wrong, Jesus of Nazareth was merely a Utopian dreamer and never came down to earth.

    ^ If we are wrong, Jesus of Nazareth was merely a utopian dreamer that never came down to Earth.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .If we are wrong, justice is a lie, love has no meaning.^ If we are wrong, justice is a lie, love has no meaning.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I f we are wrong, justice is a lie.
    • Dr. Martin Luther King, MARTIN LUTHER KING 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.akidsright.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If we are wrong, justice is a lie.

    .And we are determined here in Montgomery to work and fight until justice runs down like water, and righteousness like a mighty stream.^ Was not Amos an extremist for justice: "Let justice roll down like waters and righteousness like an ever flowing stream."
    • Letter from a Birmingham Jail [King, Jr.] 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.africa.upenn.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No, no we are not satisfied and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.
    • The My Hero Project - Dr. Martin
      Luther King, Jr.
      "I Have a Dream"
      11 January 2010 12:012 UTC myhero.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And we are determined here in Montgomery to work and fight until justice runs down like water and righteousness like a mighty stream.

    .
  • True peace is not merely the absence of tension: it is the presence of justice.
    • In a 1955 response to an accusation that he was "disturbing the peace" by his activism during the Montgomery Bus Boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, as quoted in Let the Trumpet Sound : A Life of Martin Luther King, Jr (1982) by Stephen B. Oates
  • Men often hate each other because they fear each other; they fear each other because they don't know each other; they don't know each other because they can not communicate; they can not communicate because they are separated.
    • Stride Toward Freedom : the Montgomery Story (1958)
  • Man is man because he is free to operate within the framework of his destiny.^ Martin Luther King Jr Men's Sleeveless Tee $19.99 .
    • Martin Luther King Jr. Morality Good Evil Thoreau : Famous Art Science Quotes Poster T-Shirt Gift Shop 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.cafepress.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Martin Luther King Jr Stein $19.99 .
    • Martin Luther King Jr. Morality Good Evil Thoreau : Famous Art Science Quotes Poster T-Shirt Gift Shop 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.cafepress.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Martin Luther King, Jr. Infoplease.com .
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. — Infoplease.com 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He is free to deliberate, to make decisions, and to choose between alternatives.^ He is free to deliberate, to make decisions, and to choose between alternatives.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King Quotes - Famous Inspirational Quotes by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. 11 September 2009 8:42 UTC www.mlkonline.net [Source type: Original source]

    .He is distinguished from animals by his freedom to do evil or to do good and to walk the high road of beauty or tread the low road of ugly degeneracy.^ He is distinguished from animals by his freedom to do evil or to do good and to walk the high road of beauty or tread the low road of ugly degeneracy.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King Quotes - Famous Inspirational Quotes by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. 11 September 2009 8:42 UTC www.mlkonline.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When evil men shout ugly words of hatred, good men must commit themselves to the glories of love.
    • Quotes by Martin Luther King Jr 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.gaia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Lesser Known Wise and Prophetic Words of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC usliberals.about.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Also, walk down "Freedom Road".
    • Georgia's NPS Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.n-georgia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • The Measures of Man (1959)
  • I submit to you that if a man has not discovered something that he will die for, he isn't fit to live.^ If you have never found something so dear and so precious to you that you will die for it, then you aren't fit to live.
    • Quotes from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.quietspaces.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A man who won't die for something is not fit to live.” .
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. quotes 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC en.thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A man who won't die for something is not fit to live.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes, Trivia and Photos at Celebrina.com 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.celebrina.com [Source type: General]
    • Martin Luther King Jr quotes, quotations, phrases, words 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.icelebz.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • [T]here are certain things in our nation and in the world which I am proud to be maladjusted and which I hope all men of good-will will be maladjusted until the good societies realize.^ Speech at Great March on Detroit - 23 June 1963 .
    • The Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project: Multimedia page 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.stanford.edu [Source type: News]

    ^ Speech in Detroit, Michigan ( 1963 - 06-23 ) [T]here are certain things in our nation and in the world which I am proud to be maladjusted and which I hope all men of good-will will be maladjusted until the good societies realize.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our nation must rule the world.
    • Martin Luther King: a martyr for peace 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: Original source]

    .I say very honestly that I never intend to become adjusted to segregation and discrimination.^ I never intend to adjust myself to segregation and discrimination.

    ^ I never intend to become adjusted to religious bigotry.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Speech Transcription - Dr. Martin Luther King's 1963 WMU Speech Found - Archives - WMU Libraries 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.wmich.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I say very honestly that I never intend to become adjusted to segregation and discrimination.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Speech Transcription - Dr. Martin Luther King's 1963 WMU Speech Found - Archives - WMU Libraries 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.wmich.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I never intend to become adjusted to religious bigotry.^ I never intend to adjust myself to segregation and discrimination.

    ^ I never intend to adjust myself to the tragic effects of the methods of physical violence and to tragic militarism.

    ^ I never intend to adjust myself to mob rule.

    .I never intend to adjust myself to economic conditions that will take necessities from the many to give luxuries to the few.^ I never intend to adjust myself to segregation and discrimination.

    ^ He said he refused to adjust to a socio-economic order which deprived the many of necessities and allowed luxuries for the few.
    • The Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. Was An Act of State, 1/03 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.ratical.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I never intend to adjust myself to economic conditions that will take necessities from the many to give luxuries to the few.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Speech Transcription - Dr. Martin Luther King's 1963 WMU Speech Found - Archives - WMU Libraries 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.wmich.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I never intend to adjust myself to the madness of militarism, to self-defeating effects of physical violence.^ I never intend to adjust myself to the tragic effects of the methods of physical violence and to tragic militarism.

    ^ I never intend to adjust myself to segregation and discrimination.

    ^ I never intend to adjust myself to mob rule.

    .
  • A riot is the language of the unheard.^ Conflict A riot is at bottom the language of the unheard.

    ^ Social Justice " address at the Herman W. Read Fieldhouse, Western Michigan University, ( 1963 - 12-18 ) A riot is the language of the unheard.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A riot is at bottom the language of the unheard.
    • » Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Quotes Mirrored Reflections 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC cordiebw.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. | Voices Education Project 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC voiceseducation.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King Jr quotes, quotations, phrases, words 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.icelebz.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Address given in Birmingham, Alabama (1963-12-31)
  • The ultimate weakness of violence is that it is a descending spiral, begetting the very thing it seeks to destroy.^ From an address given in Birmingham, Ala., Dec.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr., Quotations — Infoplease.com 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ West Wing The ultimate weakness of violence is that it is a descending spiral begetting the very thing it seeks to destroy.
    • ScrapSayings, Martin Luther King Titles 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.scrapsayings.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The ultimate weakness of violence is that it is a descending spiral, begetting the very thing it seeks to destroy.
    • Celebrating Life and Work of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.lagcc.cuny.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King Scavenger Hunt 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC tstrong.com [Source type: General]

    .Instead of diminishing evil, it multiplies it.^ Instead of diminishing evil, it multiplies it.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • DrMartinLutherKingJr.com - Audios and Text of His Most Famous Speeches and Writings 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC drmartinlutherkingjr.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Quotations 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.drmartinlutherkingjr.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • ScrapSayings, Martin Luther King Titles 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.scrapsayings.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes, Audio, Video Clips 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.weboflove.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Through violence you may murder the liar, but you cannot murder the lie, nor establish the truth.^ Through violence you may murder the liar, but you cannot murder the lie, nor establish the truth.
    • DrMartinLutherKingJr.com - Audios and Text of His Most Famous Speeches and Writings 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC drmartinlutherkingjr.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Quotations 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.drmartinlutherkingjr.com [Source type: Original source]
    • ScrapSayings, Martin Luther King Titles 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.scrapsayings.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes, Audio, Video Clips 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.weboflove.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Through violence you murder the hater, but you do not murder hate.
    • DrMartinLutherKingJr.com - Audios and Text of His Most Famous Speeches and Writings 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC drmartinlutherkingjr.com [Source type: Original source]
    • ScrapSayings, Martin Luther King Titles 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.scrapsayings.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes, Audio, Video Clips 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.weboflove.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Through violence you may murder the hater, but you do not murder hate.

    .Through violence you may murder the hater, but you do not murder hate.
    In fact, violence merely increases hate.^ Through violence you may murder the liar, but you cannot murder the lie, nor establish the truth.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • DrMartinLutherKingJr.com - Audios and Text of His Most Famous Speeches and Writings 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC drmartinlutherkingjr.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Quotations 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.drmartinlutherkingjr.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • ScrapSayings, Martin Luther King Titles 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.scrapsayings.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes, Audio, Video Clips 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.weboflove.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Through violence you may murder a hater, but you can't murder hate.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Through violence you murder the hater, but you do not murder hate.
    • DrMartinLutherKingJr.com - Audios and Text of His Most Famous Speeches and Writings 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC drmartinlutherkingjr.com [Source type: Original source]
    • ScrapSayings, Martin Luther King Titles 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.scrapsayings.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes, Audio, Video Clips 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.weboflove.org [Source type: Original source]

    So it goes. ... .Returning hate for hate multiplies hate, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars.^ Martin Luther King Jr. "Returning violence for violence multiplies violence, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars...
    • Quotes by Martin Luther King Jr. (page 1 of 6) 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He gave his fellow countrymen and his fellow Christians the benefit of the doubt -- believing, as he wrote, that "returning hate for hate multiplies hate, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars.
    • RealClearPolitics - Articles - McCain's Remarks on MLK Jr. Anniversary 11 September 2009 8:42 UTC www.realclearpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Returning hate for hate multiplies hate, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King Would Have Loved the Teabaggers, Not Called Them Racists | OurFuture.org 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.ourfuture.org [Source type: General]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Darkness cannot drive out darkness: only light can do that.^ Martin Luther King Jr. Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that.
    • Huron Valley Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day Celebration 20 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.hvmlkday.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • A Season for Non-Violence-Oakland - Famous Quotes from Martin Luther King, Jr. 20 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.snvoakland.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. Quotes - Fadedgiant Online Author Autograph Guide - Books, Links, Quotes 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.fadedgiant.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A tough mind and a tender heart Darkness cannot drive out darkness: only light can do that.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that."
    • RealClearPolitics - Articles - McCain's Remarks on MLK Jr. Anniversary 11 September 2009 8:42 UTC www.realclearpolitics.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Hate cannot drive out hate: only love can do that.
    • 'Where Do We Go From Here?"^ Hate cannot drive out hate: only love can do that.
      • Martin Luther King Jr. Quotes - The Quotations Page 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.quotationspage.com [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King Would Have Loved the Teabaggers, Not Called Them Racists | OurFuture.org 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.ourfuture.org [Source type: General]
      • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Quotations 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.drmartinlutherkingjr.com [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Norman B. Rice Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that.
      • ScrapSayings, Martin Luther King Titles 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.scrapsayings.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Hate cannot make hate go away.
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Simple English Wikiquote 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC simple.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      as published in .Where Do We Go from Here : Chaos or Community? (1967), p.^ In 1967 King wrote Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community?

      ^ We can find Martin Luther King Jr. Stride Toward Freedom, The Measure of a Man, Why We Can't Wait, Strength to Love, Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community?
      • martin luther king jr. quotes 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ By Martin Luther King, Jr Dexter Scott King (18 documents) example document: Where do we go from here: chaos or community?
      • Address of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on occasion of his being honored by Abbott House, Westchester, New York, October 29, 1965. Text: Martin Luther King, Jr - song, music - Copyright Info 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: Reference]

      .62; many statements in this book, or slight variants of them, were also part of his address Where Do We Go From Here?"^ King published his book Where do we go from here?
      • Biography 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.mccsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ There are often multiple sources for some famous statements by King; as a professional speaker and minister he used some significant phrases with only slight variation many times in his essays, books, and his speeches to different audiences.
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Martin Luther King Junior's last book is published, Where do we go from here: Chaos and Community?
      • The Life and Time of Martin Luther King Junior 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.mccsc.edu [Source type: Original source]

      which has a section below. .A common variant appearing at least as early as 1968 has "Returning violence for violence multiplies violence..."^ A common variant appearing at least as early as 1968 has "Returning violence for violence multiplies violence..."
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Martin Luther King Jr. "Returning violence for violence multiplies violence, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars...
      • Quotes by Martin Luther King Jr. (page 1 of 6) 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Martin Luther King Jr. More quotations on: [ Silence ] Returning violence for violence multiplies violence, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars...
      • Martin Luther King Jr. Quotes - The Quotations Page 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.quotationspage.com [Source type: Original source]

      .An early version of the speech as published in
      A Martin Luther King Treasury (1964), p.^ Martin Luther King Jr.’s famous speech.
      • Martin Luther King Jr. News - The New York Times 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: General]
      • Martin Luther King Jr. News - The New York Times 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC topics.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

      ^ What did martin luther king's purpose for what he did?
      • WikiAnswers - Purpose of martin luther king's famous speech 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Martin Luther King jr. Dream.
      • Free Martin Luther King I Have a Dream Essays 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: Original source]

      173, has : "Returning hate for hate multiplies hate..."
.
I say to you that our goal is freedom, and I believe we are going to get there because however much she strays away from it, the goal of America is freedom.
  • Many of the ugly pages of American history have been obscured and forgotten. A society is always eager to cover misdeeds with a cloak of forgetfulness, but no society can fully repress an ugly past when the ravages persist into the present.^ "Remaining Awake Through a Great Revolution" (31 March 1968) I say to you that our goal is freedom, and I believe we are going to get there because however much she strays away from it, the goal of America is freedom.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And when we have our march, you need to be there.
    • Sheryl's Holiday Site: Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sherylfranklin.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., 1929-1968 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.democracynow.org [Source type: Original source]
    • AFSCME - “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.afscme.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., 1929-1968 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.democracynow.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King Jr. Reference Page 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC www.resourcesforlife.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is the amnesia that says there is no gorilla in our living-room.
    • “Obama is not the new Martin Luther King”—the.point.is. news agency, US news, feature stories, documentary, in-depth stories 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC en.tpinews.com [Source type: News]

    .America owes a debt of justice which it has only begun to pay.^ America owes a debt of justice which it has only begun to pay.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Many of the ugly pages of American history have been obscured and forgotten....America owes a debt of justice which it has only begun to pay.
    • Martin Luther King Quotes - Famous Inspirational Quotes by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. 11 September 2009 8:42 UTC www.mlkonline.net [Source type: Original source]

    .If it loses the will to finish or slackens in its determination, history will recall its crimes and the country that would be great will lack the most indispensable element of greatness — justice.^ If it loses the will to finish or slackens in its determination, history will recall its crimes and the country that would be great will lack the most indispensable element of greatness — justice.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If it loses the will to finish or slackens in its determination, history will recall its crimes and the country that would be great will lack the most indispensable element of greatness--justice.
    • Martin Luther King Quotes - Famous Inspirational Quotes by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. 11 September 2009 8:42 UTC www.mlkonline.net [Source type: Original source]
    • A Season for Non-Violence-Oakland - Famous Quotes from Martin Luther King, Jr. 20 September 2009 12:012 UTC www.snvoakland.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ History shows that Dr. King was a minister who embraced the traditional values that made our country great.
    • Mr. Conservative » Martin Luther King, Jr. was a Republican 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC blogs.lubbockonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Where Do We Go from Here : Chaos or Community? (1967), p.^ His writings include 'Stride Toward Freedom: the Montgomery Story' (1958); 'Strength to Love' (1963); 'Why We Can't Wait' (1964); and 'Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community?'
      • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. -- A Tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. -- Roz Fruchtman Remembers! 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.designsbydaybreak.com [Source type: Original source]
      • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. -- A Tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. -- Roz Fruchtman Remembers! 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.cyberspaceholidays.com [Source type: Original source]
      • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. -- A Tribute to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. -- Roz Fruchtman Remembers! 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.designsbydaybreak.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ In one of his last books, Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community?, King was more explicit about his role as an educator of the public.
      • Theology Today - Vol 44, No.1 - April 1987 - BOOK REVIEW - Martin Luther King, Jr. as Public Theologian 10 January 2010 17:28 UTC theologytoday.ptsem.edu [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Allen will speak on the theme: Where do we go from here: Chaos or Community?
      • City of Arlington, TX :: MLK Celebration :: 2007 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC www.arlingtontx.gov [Source type: General]

      109
  • On some positions, Cowardice asks the question, "Is it safe?" Expediency asks the question, "Is it politic?" .And Vanity comes along and asks the question, "Is it popular?"^ And Vanity comes along and asks the question, "Is it popular?"
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Quotes from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.quietspaces.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Quotes by Martin Luther King Jr. (page 1 of 6) 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.goodreads.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And then expedience comes along and asks the question, is it politic?
    • Martin Luther King Scavenger Hunt 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC tstrong.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Vanity asks the question, is it popular?
    • Martin Luther King Scavenger Hunt 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC tstrong.com [Source type: General]

    .But Conscience asks the question "Is it right?"^ But Conscience asks the question "Is it right?"
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Conscience asks the question, is it right?
    • Martin Luther King Scavenger Hunt 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC tstrong.com [Source type: General]

    ^ For those who ask the question, "Aren't you a civil rights leader?"
    • Martin Luther King: a martyr for peace 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.oilempire.us [Source type: Original source]
    • American Rhetoric: Martin Luther King, Jr: A Time to Break Silence (Declaration Against the Vietnam War) 11 September 2009 8:16 UTC www.americanrhetoric.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Rev. Martin Luther King, Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hartford-hwp.com [Source type: Original source]

    .And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but he must do it because Conscience tells him it is right.
    I believe today that there is a need for all people of good will to come together with a massive act of conscience and say in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "We ain't goin' study war no more."^ And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular but because conscience tells one it is right.” .
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. quotes 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC en.thinkexist.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is not an orator today who comes within a fraction of him.
    • Happy Martin Luther King Day! - Hit & Run : Reason Magazine 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC reason.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It’s time for us to come together.
    • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

    .This is the challenge facing modern man.
    • "Remaining Awake Through a Great Revolution" (31 March 1968)
  • I say to you that our goal is freedom, and I believe we are going to get there because however much she strays away from it, the goal of America is freedom. Abused and scorned though we may be as a people, our destiny is tied up in the destiny of America.^ Abused and scorned though we may be as a people, our destiny is tied up in the destiny of America.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the Million Man March, you believed that you were marching for your race and rights.
    • Martin Luther King 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.sirryche.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There you go again… misleading .
    • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • "Remaining Awake Through a Great Revolution" (31 March 1968)
  • When people criticize Zionists, they mean Jews, You are talking anti-Semitism.
    • The accuracy of this quote is under debate.^ The Great March to Freedom 31:45 .
      • The Martin Luther King, Jr. Tapes, Martin Luther King Jr., Music CD - Barnes & Noble 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC music.barnesandnoble.com [Source type: General]

      ^ The accuracy of this quote is under debate.
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ "Remaining Awake Through a Great Revolution" (31 March 1968) When people criticize Zionists, they mean Jews, You are talking anti-Semitism.
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      .For an investigation of the various ways the quote has been attributed, see: http://www.counterpunch.org/kiblawi01172004.html
    • Seymour Martin Lipset. "The Socialism of Fools: The Left, the Jews and Israel", Encounter magazine, December, 1969, p.^ For an investigation of the various ways the quote has been attributed, see: http://www.counterpunch.org/kiblawi01172004.html Seymour Martin Lipset.
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ For the entire text of the speech "I Have a Dream" by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. August 28, 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial see: http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/mlkihaveadream.htm .
      • 2007 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Celebration 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www.kingcounty.gov [Source type: General]

      ^ The Martin Luther King You Don't See On TV by J. Cohen and N. Solomon http://www.fair.org/media-beat/950104.html This article maintains that the media and the public overlook Martin Luther King, Jr's political stand during the last three years of his life.
      • Martin Luther King, Jr. 15 September 2009 22:52 UTC www.42explore2.com [Source type: Original source]

      24.
    • from a 1968 appearance in Cambridge, Massachusetts
    • Note: There is a speech attributed to Martin Luther King, Jr. based on this quote that is a hoax.
  • I am not interested in power for power's sake, but I'm interested in power that is moral, that is right and that is good.
    • As quoted in The Civil Sphere (2006) by Jeffrey C. Alexander, p. 388
  • I endorse it. I think it was correct. .Contrary to what many have said, it sought to outlaw neither prayer nor belief in god.^ Contrary to what many have said, it sought to outlaw neither prayer nor belief in god.
    • Myths of Martin Luther King by Marcus Epstein 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.lewrockwell.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .In a pluralistic society such as ours, who is to determine what prayer shall be spoken and by whom?^ In a pluralistic society such as ours, who is to determine what prayer shall be spoken and by whom?
    • Myths of Martin Luther King by Marcus Epstein 17 September 2009 12:17 UTC www.lewrockwell.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We must never let up in our determination to remove every vestige of segregation and discrimination from our nation, but we shall not in the process relinquish our privilege to love.

    ^ So it is that those of us who are yet determined that America will be are led down the path of protest and dissent, working for the health of our land.
    • American Rhetoric: Martin Luther King, Jr: A Time to Break Silence (Declaration Against the Vietnam War) 11 September 2009 8:16 UTC www.americanrhetoric.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Rev. Martin Luther King, Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC www.hartford-hwp.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Legally, constitutionally or otherwise, the state certainly has no such right.
    • King sharing his thoughts on the U.S. Supreme Court's decision to ban school prayer, in a 1965 interview with Playboy magazine.
  • If a city has a 30% Negro population, then it is logical to assume that Negroes should have at least 30% of the jobs in any particular company, and jobs in all categories rather than only in menial areas.
    • from a 1968 Playboy magazine interview
  • I met Malcolm X once in Washington, but circumstances didn't enable me to talk with him for more than a minute.^ And he didn't take any of the jobs that were offered him.
    • The Life and Words of Martin Luther King, Jr. (Part 2 of 2) | Scholastic.com 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC www2.scholastic.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As of 2006, more than 730 cities in the United States had streets named after King .
    • Martin Luther King Jr. - BlackHistory.com 10 January 2010 22:10 UTC www.blackhistory.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas stated in the decision of Missouri v.
    • American Renaissance News: The Unknown Martin Luther King, Jr. 1 February 2010 3:15 UTC www.amren.com [Source type: Original source]

    He is very articulate ... but .I totally disagree with many of his political and philosophical views — at least insofar as I understand where he now stands.
    I don't want to seem to sound self-righteous, or absolutist, or that I think I have the only truth, the only way.^ I don't want to seem to sound self-righteous, or absolutist, or that I think I have the only truth, the only way.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I totally disagree with many of his political and philosophical views — at least insofar as I understand where he now stands.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 9 February 2010 15:53 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I don't think you can understand their feelings.
    • Japan's Conspiracy (1) [Archive] - Japan Forum 25 January 2010 9:59 UTC www.jref.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Maybe he does have some of the answer.^ Maybe he does have some of the answer.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote 15 January 2010 13:55 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I guess if you find some comfort in the “truth” that you believe, then maybe it does provide some benefit for you.
    • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I guess if you find some comfort in the “truth” that you believe, then maybe it does provide some benefit for you.
    • Think Progress » Martin Luther King Jr., Anti-War Activist 11 January 2010 12:012 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I don't know how he feels now, but I know that I have often wished that he would talk less of violence, because violence is not going to solve our problem.^ I don't know how he feels now, but I know that I have often wished that he would talk less of violence, because violence is not going to solve our problem.
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. - Wikiquote