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Martinair Flight 495

A Northwest Airlines DC-10 similar to the one involved.
Accident summary
Date 21 December 1992
Type Microburst-induced wind shear
Site Faro, Portugal
Passengers 327
Crew 13
Injuries 106
Fatalities 56
Survivors 284
Aircraft type McDonnell Douglas DC-10
Operator Martinair
Flight origin Amsterdam Schiphol Airport
Destination Faro Airport


Martinair Flight 495 was a Dutch DC-10 that crash-landed on runway 28 of Faro Airport, Portugal, in severe weather conditions, in 1992. The airplane carried 327 passengers and 13 crew members on board, mainly vacationers from The Netherlands. 54 passengers, and 2 crew members died, and 106 persons were badly injured.

Contents

Approach and landing

Following one unsuccessful attempt to land the crew was executing a VOR/DME procedure approach to runway 11 when the aircraft flew through at least two microbursts caused by a large thunderstorm, which was accompanied by heavy rain, windshear, and low clouds.

The tower informed the crew that there was thunderstorm activity near the airport, and there was water on the runway. The plane landed with a vertical speed that exceeded the manufacturer's design.

Following a hard landing, the starboard main gear collapsed. The right wing fuel tank ignited. The DC-10 cracked in two and came to a rest with the front section laying on its side.

Cause

The cause of the accident were the bad weather conditions, in combination with crew errors.[1]

Notes

The accident caused a shock in the Netherlands, mainly because the accident happened less than three months after El Al Flight 1862, a Boeing 747 crash in a suburb in The Netherlands, the Bijlmerramp.

References

  1. ^ [1]

External links

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