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Coordinates: 54°32′26″N 1°12′45″W / 54.5406°N 1.2124°W / 54.5406; -1.2124

Marton
Marton is located in North Yorkshire
Marton

 Marton shown within North Yorkshire
Population 9,990 
OS grid reference NZ509164
Unitary authority Middlesbrough
Ceremonial county North Yorkshire
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MIDDLESBROUGH
Postcode district TS7 & TS8
Dialling code 01642
Police Cleveland
Fire Cleveland
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Marton — officially Marton-in-Cleveland — was a village in the North Riding of Yorkshire, which is now within the town boundaries of Middlesbrough, in the borough of Middlesbrough and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. Originally, the parish of Marton extended down to the River Tees; but, with the expansion of Middlesbrough, the parish became progressively smaller. Marton is near the North York Moors, and is served sporadically by Marton railway station, which is on the Esk Valley Railway Line between Middlesbrough and Whitby. Attractions include Stewart Park, a large public park gifted to the people of Middlesbrough by councillor Dormund Stewart in 1928, where several species thrive, including rabbits, birds, and squirrels, and a large collection of tree genera.

The famous explorer and navigator Captain James Cook was born to James and Grace Cook in a clay-built cottage in the village of East Marton in 1728, and he lived for a short time in the village, until the family moved to Great Ayton.[1] A contemporary drawing of the village by George Cuit has revealed the cottage to have had significantly deteriorated by as early as circa 1788, a precursor to it being levelled by new local landowner, Bartholomew Rudd, in the 1790s. It was nearby where the original manor house Marton Lodge eventually stood, to which Rudd made many alterations; it burned down in 1832.

The tiny community of Marton, Queensland, Australia, upstream from Cooktown on the banks of the Endeavour River, was named after James Cook's birthplace in remembrance of his 7 week stay in the region in 1770.

In 1853, the ruin and the land that is now the park were bought by the Middlesbrough ironmaster H. W. F. Bolckow (produced 'Belko'). He built a new hall, which, after serving for a short period of time as a museum, was destroyed during demolition by fire in 1960, after standing empty for several years. The site is now home to the Captain Cook Birthplace Museum, opened in 1978; in addition to viewing the large collection of Cook-related objects at the museum, tourists may visit a granite urn erected by Bolckow in 1858 on the site of the demolished Cook cottage, as well as St. Cuthbert's Church, where Cook was baptized. The church is now ornamented with a stained-glass window commemorating Cook.[2]

In more recent times, Marton has seen a development as part of the conurbation of Middlesbrough; additions include housing near the Country Club, and Retirement Housing at the top end of Marton by the Southern Cross Pub. The local pub is the Rudd's Arms, opposite the Marton Hotel and Country Club on Stokesley Road and next to the Marton Cricket Club.

Other notable persons who lived in the parish of Marton include Bolckow's partner John Vaughan, who lived at Gunnergate Hall until his death in 1868; Sir Raylton Dixon, a Middlesbrough shipbuilder; Henry Cochrane, an ironmaster; and Agnes Spencer, the wife of the founder of Marks and Spencer.

Marton is also the base for a junior football club, Marton F.C., which was founded in 1982 and for which Jonathan Woodgate, David Wheater , and Stewart Downing, subsequent Middlesbrough F.C. professional footballers respectively, once played.

Maton is where Captain James Cook was born in 1728 and Cook lived there till he was 8 years old

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Captain Cook Encyclopædia, p. 144. John Robson. Random House Australia. ISBN 0-7593-1011-4.
  2. ^ The Captain Cook Encyclopædia, p. 144. John Robson. Random House Australia. ISBN 0-7593-1011-4.
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