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Marvel Entertainment, LLC
Type Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company
Founded 1933
Founder(s) Martin Goodman
Headquarters New York
Number of locations Manhattan Beach, California, US
City of Westminster, London, England
Key people Isaac Perlmutter
(CEO)
Industry Comics
Products Comics, Movies, Toys
Services Licensing
Revenue $ 676.18 million (2008)
Operating income $ 346.51 million (2008)
Net income $ 205.53 million (2008)
Total assets $ 937.58 million (2008)
Total equity $ 396.69 million (2008)
Employees 255
Parent The Walt Disney Company
Divisions List of divisions
Subsidiaries List of subsidiaries
Website http://www.marvel.com

Marvel Entertainment, LLC is an American entertainment company formed from the merger of Marvel Entertainment Group, Inc. and Toy Biz, Inc.

The first company that would later be among those publishing Marvel comics was Newsstand Publications Inc., and the May 1933 publication of Western Supernovel magazine. That magazine was only published for one issue before the title was changed to Complete Western Book magazine in July 1933.[1] The company's oldest character is the Masked Rider, later the Black Rider, which began in 1934. In 1939, the company began publishing comic books as Timely Publications with Marvel Comics #1.

On December 31, 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Entertainment, Inc. for $4.24 billion. It has been a Limited Liability Company (LLC) since then. Disney has stated that their acquisition of the company will not affect Marvel's products, neither will the nature of any Marvel characters be transformed.[2]

Contents

History

In 1989 Ronald Perelman's MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings group of companies bought the Marvel Entertainment Group, the parent company of Marvel Comics, from New World Entertainment for $82.5 million.

"It is a mini-Disney in terms of intellectual property," said Perelman. "Disney's got much more highly recognized characters and softer characters, whereas our characters are termed action heroes. But at Marvel we are now in the business of the creation and marketing of characters."[3]

Boosted by a massive merchandising effort, an increase in Marvel comic prices, and an overall boom in the comic book industry, Marvel's profits peaked. Perelman later added the baseball card and basketball card companies Fleer Corporation and SkyBox International, Italian sticker manufacturer Panini Group, and comic book publishers Welsh Publishing and Malibu Comics to Marvel's holdings for a combined total of $700 million.[4] Investors around the world recognized his efforts and generated $80 million for Perelman when he issued Marvel's initial public offering. He later added a significant stake in Toy Biz to Marvel's holdings. His luck was not to last. Marvel's attempt to distribute its products directly led to a decrease in sales and aggravated the losses which Marvel suffered when the comic book bubble[5] popped, the 1994 Major League Baseball strike massacred the profits of the Fleer division,[6] and Panini was hobbled by poor showings at the box office by Disney (Licensing Disney characters provided a major source of revenue for Panini, so when the movies performed poorly Panini performed poorly).[7] A major bondholder, Carl Icahn, fought to take control of the company from Perelman. Both men failed as Toy Biz owners Ike Perlmutter and Avi Arad snatched Marvel from Perelman and Icahn in order to protect their own financial interests.[7] Estimates of his profit on the deal vary widely. Chuck Rozanski estimates that Perelman made $200–400 million off Marvel;[4] Forbes thinks he made nothing;[8] and the judge in the Marvel bankruptcy trial estimated he made $280 million plus various tax advantages.[7] In December 2003, Marvel Entertainment acquired Cover Concepts from Hearst Communications, Inc.[9] On March 15, 2007, Stan Lee Media filed a lawsuit against Marvel Entertainment for $5 billion, claiming that the company is co-owner of the characters that Lee created for Marvel.[10] Additional, a lawsuit over the Ghost Rider Character ownership was filed On March 30, 2007 by Gary Friedrich and Gary Friedrich Enterprises, Inc.[11]

On August 31, 2009, The Walt Disney Company announced a deal to acquire Marvel Entertainment for $4 billion, with Marvel shareholders to receive $30 and about 0.745 Disney shares for each share of Marvel they own.[12] The voting occurred on December 31, 2009 and the merger was approved.[13] The acquisition of Marvel was finalized hours after the shareholder voted, therefore, giving Disney full ownership of Marvel Entertainment.[14] The company was delisted from the New York Stock Exchange under its ticker symbol (MVL), due to the closing of the deal.

Units

The company's operating units include:

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Divisions

  • Marvel Toys (formerly Toy Biz): a toy company owned by Isaac Perlmutter since the 1990s.
  • Spider-Man Merchandising, L.P.: A joint venture of Marvel and Sony Pictures Consumer Products Inc. that owns the rights to Spider-Man movie related licensed products.
  • Marvel Characters B.V. (The Netherlands)
  • MVL International C.V. (The Netherlands)
  • Marvel International Character Holdings LLC (Delaware)
  • Marvel Entertainment International Limited (United Kingdom)
  • Marvel Property, Inc. (Delaware)
  • Marvel Internet Productions LLC (Delaware)
  • Marvel Toys Limited (Hong Kong)
  • MRV, Inc. (Delaware)
  • MVL Development LLC (Delaware)
  • Marvel Film Productions LLC (Delaware)

Subsidiaries

  • Marvel Characters, Inc.: intellectual property holding company;
  • Marvel Publishing, Inc.: publisher of Marvel Comics;
  • Marvel Studios: a film and television production company;
  • MVL Film Finance LLC: holder of Marvel's Movie debt and theatrical film rights to the ten characters as collateral.[15]
  • Marvel Animation: Subsidiary charge with oversight of Marvel's animation productions.[16][17]
  • Film Slate Subsidiaries”
    • MVL Rights, LLC: subsidiary holding movie rights of all Marvel Characters with some on contract with MVL Film Finance
    • Iron Works Productions LLC: subsidiary holding debt to finance the Iron Man movie.[18]
    • MVL Productions LLC: an indirect wholly owned a film development subsidiary [19]
    • Incredible Productions LLC (Delaware): subsidiary holding debt to finance the Incredible Hulk film
    • MVL Iron Works Productions Canada, Inc. (Province of Ontario)
    • MVL Incredible Productions Canada, Inc. (Province of Ontario)
  • Asgard Productions LLC (Delaware)
  • Green Guy Toons LLC (Delaware)
  • Squad Productions LLC (Delaware)[20]

Former units

Past names

  • Marvel Enterprises, Inc.
  • Toy Biz, Inc.
  • Marvel Entertainment Group, Inc.

References

  1. ^ unpublished Martin Goodman biography by Joseph Lovece
  2. ^ http://www.enewsi.com/news.php?catid=190&itemid=15744
  3. ^ Raviv, Dan (2002). "Comic Wars". Random House. http://www.webcitation.org/5OlTv7USa. Retrieved 2007-01-27. 
  4. ^ a b Chuck Rozanski is a very well-known purveyor of comic books and had a walk-on role in the Marvel fiasco. Chuck Rozanski. "Perelman's Team Nearly Destroyed the Entire World of Comics". Mile High Comics. http://www.webcitation.org/5OlTv7USk. Retrieved 2007-01-27. 
  5. ^ A minority of dissidents maintain there was never a bubble in the first place. Rozanski, Chuck. "The Vicious Downward Spiral of the 1990s". Tales From the Database. Mile High comics. http://www.webcitation.org/5OlTv7USu. Retrieved 2007-01-27. 
  6. ^ Lott, Jeremy (2002). "Smash! Pow! Bam!". Reason Magazine. http://www.webcitation.org/5OlTv7UT4. Retrieved 2007-01-27. 
  7. ^ a b c Raviv, Dan (2002). Comic Wars: Marvel's Battle For Survival. Sea Cliff: Heroes Books. pp. 38–39. ISBN 0-7679-0830-9. http://www.webcitation.org/5OlTv7UTD. 
  8. ^ Miller, Matthew (2005). "Don't Mess With Me". The Forbes 400. Forbes Publishing. http://www.webcitation.org/5OlTv7UTM. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  9. ^ "Marvel Acquires Cover Concepts to Extend Demographic Reach; Acquisition Extends Reach of Marvel's Publishing Operations to 30 Million Public School Children". BNet. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2003_Dec_18/ai_111376112. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  10. ^ "Stan Lee Media Sues Marvel". Archived from the original on 2007-09-22. http://strange.commongate.com/post/Stan_Lee_Media_Sues_Marvel_5B. 
  11. ^ ""Ghost Rider" creator sues over copyright". http://www.reuters.com/article/entertainmentNews/idUSN1037146020070410. 
  12. ^ "Disney to acquire Marvel Entertainment for $4B". Marketwatch. http://www.marketwatch.com/story/disney-to-acquire-marvel-entertainment-for-4b-2009-08-31. Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  13. ^ Marvel Shareholders OK Disney Acquisition, Marketwatch, December 31, 2009
  14. ^ Disney Completes Marvel Acquisition, Fox Business, December 31, 2009
  15. ^ "Marvel Launches Independent Film Slate". superherohype.com. http://www.superherohype.com/news.php?id=3456. Retrieved 2007-11-26. 
  16. ^ "Marvel Promotes Eric Rollman To President, Marvel Animation". AWN Headline News. http://news.awn.com/index.php?ltype=search&range=all&search=Eric+Rollman&newsitem_no=23001. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 
  17. ^ "MARVEL ANIMATION, INC.". Division of Corporations Entity database. https://sos-res.state.de.us/tin/GINameSearch.jsp. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 
  18. ^ "Marvel". EDGAR Online. http://excite.brand.edgar-online.com/EFX_dll/EDGARpro.dll?FetchFilingHTML1?SessionID=QMkBWYDXZIxw6YB&ID=5162934-62603-112596. Retrieved 2008-05-07. 
  19. ^ "FORM 8-K SEC File 1-13638". SEC Info. http://www.secinfo.com/d122g8.v29k.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-07. 
  20. ^ "Form 10-K 2/28/08 EX-21 · Subsidiaries of the Registrant". SEC Info. http://www.secinfo.com/d122g8.ted.c.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-07. 

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