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Mary, Mother of Jesus
The Madonna in Sorrow, by Sassoferrato, 17th century.
Theotokos ("Mother of God")
Blessed Virgin Mary
Umm Issa ("Mother of Jesus")
Saint Mary
Born unknown; celebrated 8 September [1]
Died unknown; See Assumption of Mary
Venerated in Anglican Communion
Eastern Orthodoxy
Lutheranism[2]
Oriental Orthodoxy
Catholic Church

Recognized and honored
(not venerated) in:
Major shrine See Shrines to the Virgin Mary
Feast Mary is commemorated on as many as 25 different days. The most universally observed are:
25 March – The Annunciation 15 August – The Assumption (Catholicism)
15 August – The Dormition (Orthodoxy) 22 August – The Assumption Coptic-Orthodox
Patronage See Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary
.Mary (Aramaic, Hebrew: מרים, Maryām Miriam; Arabic:مريم, Maryam), usually referred to by Christians as the Virgin Mary or Saint Mary and occasionally Madonna, was a Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee, identified in the New Testament[Mt. 1:16,18–25] [Lk. 1:26–56] [2:1–7] as the mother of Jesus Christ.^ Woman in garden with virgin mary statue .
  • Virgin mary Images and Stock Photos. 1355 Virgin mary photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies. 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Virgin Mary and Jesus Christian T-shirt $15.99 .
  • Virgin Mary Clothes - Compare Prices on Virgin Mary Clothes at Become.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.become.com [Source type: General]

^ Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.
  • Mary, the Mother of Jesus 11 September 2009 8:17 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Muslims also refer to her as the Virgin Mary or Syeda Mariam, which means Our Lady Mary.^ Tags: mary , Our Lady of Guadalupe .
  • Mary Blessed Virgin — Blogs, Pictures, and more on WordPress 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC en.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Virgin Mary Products from our partners - what is this?
  • Virgin Mary Costumes & Accessories | Costumzee.com 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.costumzee.com [Source type: General]

^ The lady above a moon refers to Our Lady of Mt.
  • Catholic Doors Ministry - Reflecting on the Virgin Mary 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.catholicdoors.com [Source type: Original source]

.The New Testament describes her as a virgin (Greek παρθένος, parthénos).^ Luke emphasizes this in his Gospel (Luke 1:28), for he uses the unique Greek word κεχαριτωμένη , a word used only once in the entire New Testament of the Bible, a word describing Mary as full of grace .

^ "People are sometimes troubled by the silence of St. Mark's Gospel and the New Testament Epistles about Jesus' virginal conception.
  • The Virgin Mary 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.catscans.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first Pentecost of the New Testament happened in Lk.1: The Holy Spirit descended on Virgin Mary and filled her with Jesus...

[3] .Christians believe that she conceived her son miraculously by the agency of the Holy Spirit.^ She conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit .
  • Theotokos - OrthodoxWiki 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC orthodoxwiki.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For it is through the holy Spirit that this child has been conceived in her.

^ When angel appeared before Joseph, the greeting was like this: “ an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.” (Matthew 1:20).
  • Should we pray to Virgin Mary? | TBTG | Free christian music download | Wallpapers of Jesus and Mary 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.turnbacktogod.com [Source type: General]

.This took place when she was already the betrothed wife of Saint Joseph and was awaiting the concluding rite of Jewish marriage, the formal home-taking ceremony.^ This ceremony marked the beginning of the marriage of Saint Joseph and the Virgin Mary.
  • the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.catholicplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In taking Mary as his wife, Joseph also took her Child as his adopted Son.
  • Mary, Mother of Jesus Christ! 11 September 2009 8:17 UTC www.zoomnet.net [Source type: Original source]

^ They had been betrothed, meaning that the betrothal ceremony had already taken place.
  • the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.catholicplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

.Roman Catholics believe that Mary was conceived and born without the stain of Original Sin, thereby making her sinless, eternally perfect, divine and immaculate from all forms of evil.^ Indeed, Mary formed His divine body in her immaculate womb.
  • Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution 25 September 2009 9:57 UTC www.tfp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mary’s heart was always immaculate -- or free from original sin and all sin -- from the moment of her conception.
  • Mary, Our Mother by Miceala Shocklee 25 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.wf-f.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mary was conceived without stain of sin.

.In Islam she is regarded as the virgin mother of the prophet Jesus.^ Gospel of John 19:26-27 In this passage from John's Gospel, Jesus Christ dying on the Cross tells "the disciple" to behold his Mother, the Blessed Virgin Mary .

^ Virgin mother : retreat addresses on the life of the Blessed Virgin Mary as told in the Gospels, with an appended essay on the virgin birth of Our Lord Jesus Christ / by the Rt.

^ Virgin Mary–(Movie in English)–Part 7 of 11 Series of movies on life of virgin Mary (Hazrat Maryam), the mother of Prophet Jesus (Hazrat Isa as), produced and played by Iranian TV and actors.
  • VIRGIN MARY 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

She is described in the Qur'an, in the Sura Maryam (Arabic: سورة مريم‎).
.The New Testament begins its account of Mary's life with the Annunciation, the appearance to her of the angel Gabriel heralding her divine selection to be mother of Jesus.^ Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.
  • Mary, the Mother of Jesus 11 September 2009 8:17 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.
  • the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.catholicplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mary in other books of the New Testament .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, early non-biblical writings state that she was the daughter of Joachim and Saint Anne.^ Both Joachim and Anne were in a supernatural state.
  • the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.catholicplanet.com [Source type: Original source]
  • the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.catholicplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is further stated that before the birth of Mary, her father, Joachim, had a vision in which he was told that they would have a daughter and she has a special prophecy to fulfill.

^ According to certain traditions, no one in the small town of Nazareth where Saints Joachim and Anne lived paid heed to the new arrival.
  • Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution 25 September 2009 9:57 UTC www.tfp.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Bible records Mary's role in key events of the life of Jesus from his virgin birth to his crucifixion.^ Mary's perpetual virginity before, during and after Jesus' birth .
  • Mary's Perpetual Virginity 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.davidmacd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The virgin birth of Jesus was a sign.
  • Jesus and The Virgin Mary in Islam: Juan Galvan 25 September 2009 9:57 UTC www.islamawareness.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Jesus and The Virgin Mary in Islam - By Juan Galvan 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.islamfortoday.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bible Woman: Mary, mother of Jesus .

.Other apocryphal writings tell of her subsequent death and bodily assumption into heaven.^ Assumption bodily ascension into heaven after death.
  • Virgin Mary - Olga's Gallery 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.abcgallery.com [Source type: General]

^ Assumption of Mary into Heaven .

^ Mary's Assumption into Heaven .
  • Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.scripturecatholic.com [Source type: Original source]

.A number of important doctrines concerning Mary are held by Christian churches.^ The term carries not merely belief in the virginity of Mary but of her continuing role within the church and in the life of all Christians.
  • virgin mary statues, the largest selection and finest quality 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC www.saint-statues.com [Source type: General]

^ "She should be held in honor," he said, "but let no one adore Mary."114 Later, Mary worship was not only condoned by the Roman Catholic church, but it was even instituted as an official doctrine at the Council of Ephesus in 431 A.D. Pagans at Ephesus adopted the name of Christianity and continued a form of mother-goddess worship at the council of Ephesus.
  • Virgin Mary? - Yahoo! Answers 6 February 2010 13:56 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mary is unique because she ‘possesses in herself, personally and in fullness, the priesthood which simple Christians possess as a collective title, as members of the priestly body of Christ which is the Church’.
  • Home Page!
    Mary, the Virgin Priest?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.womenpriests.org/mrpriest/beattie.asp">www.womenpriests.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__232" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="232">Primary among these is that, as mother of Jesus, she became <a href="/Theotokos" title="Theotokos">Theotokos</a>, literally, the "God-bearer", or "Mother of God". This doctrine was confirmed by the <a href="/First_Council_of_Ephesus" title="First Council of Ephesus">First Council of Ephesus</a> in 431. Christians of the major ancient traditions including the <a href="/Catholic_Church" title="Catholic Church">Catholic Church</a> and the <a href="/Eastern_Orthodox_Church" title="Eastern Orthodox Church" class="mw-redirect">Eastern Orthodox Church</a> believe that Mary lived a sinless life, offer prayers to God through Mary and <a href="/Veneration" title="Veneration">venerate</a> her as intercessor and mother of the church.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="232"><a href="#citable__232"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, Mother of God, we salute you.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="232"><a href="#citable__232"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="232"><a href="#citable__232"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__30" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="30">Many <a href="/Protestant" title="Protestant" class="mw-redirect">Protestants</a>, however, do not follow these devotions.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="30"><a href="#citable__30"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Many Protestant churches," however, dont follow Jesus teachings.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="30"><a href="#citable__30"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Following the logic of the RCC which drives their adoration/veneration/worship of Mary, one would expect that their devotion to Mary would only be eclipsed by their devotion to John the Baptist, however, this is not the case.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary « Posted at wordpress.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://postedat.wordpress.com/2008/06/22/virgin-mary/">postedat.wordpress.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="30"><a href="#citable__30"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What Protestant churches have existed in all generations (none), and how many of them call Mary blessed with special prayers and devotions?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <table id="wikipedia_toc" class="toc"> <tr> <td> <div id="wikipedia_toctitle"> <h2>Contents</h2> </div> <ul> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a href="#In_ancient_sources"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">In ancient sources</span></a> <ul> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-2"><a href="#New_Testament"><span class="tocnumber">1.1</span> <span class="toctext">New Testament</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-3"><a href="#Later_Christian_writings_and_traditions"><span class="tocnumber">1.2</span> <span class="toctext">Later Christian writings and traditions</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-4"><a href="#Mary_in_the_Qur.27an"><span class="tocnumber">1.3</span> <span class="toctext">Mary in the Qur'an</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-5"><a href="#Titles"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Titles</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-6"><a href="#Christian_doctrines"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Christian doctrines</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-7"><a href="#Primary_doctrines_on_Mary"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">Primary doctrines on Mary</span></a> <ul> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-8"><a href="#Immaculate_conception_of_Mary"><span class="tocnumber">4.1</span> <span class="toctext">Immaculate conception of Mary</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-9"><a href="#Virgin_birth_of_Jesus"><span class="tocnumber">4.2</span> <span class="toctext">Virgin birth of Jesus</span></a> <ul> <li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-10"><a href="#Christian_View"><span class="tocnumber">4.2.1</span> <span class="toctext">Christian View</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-11"><a href="#Virgin_birth_of_Jesus_in_the_Qur.27an"><span class="tocnumber">4.2.2</span> <span class="toctext">Virgin birth of Jesus in the Qur'an</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-12"><a href="#Other_Views"><span class="tocnumber">4.2.3</span> <span class="toctext">Other Views</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-13"><a href="#Perpetual_virginity"><span class="tocnumber">4.3</span> <span class="toctext">Perpetual virginity</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-14"><a href="#Dormition_and_assumption"><span class="tocnumber">4.4</span> <span class="toctext">Dormition and assumption</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-15"><a href="#Christian_views_of_Mary"><span class="tocnumber">5</span> <span class="toctext">Christian views of Mary</span></a> <ul> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-16"><a href="#Roman_Catholic_view"><span class="tocnumber">5.1</span> <span class="toctext">Roman Catholic view</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-17"><a href="#Eastern_Orthodox_view"><span class="tocnumber">5.2</span> <span class="toctext">Eastern Orthodox view</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-18"><a href="#Anglican_view"><span class="tocnumber">5.3</span> <span class="toctext">Anglican view</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-19"><a href="#Joint_Anglican-Roman_Catholic_document"><span class="tocnumber">5.4</span> <span class="toctext">Joint Anglican-Roman Catholic document</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-20"><a href="#Names_and_titles_of_Mary"><span class="tocnumber">5.5</span> <span class="toctext">Names and titles of Mary</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-21"><a href="#Cinematic_portrayals"><span class="tocnumber">6</span> <span class="toctext">Cinematic portrayals</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-22"><a href="#See_also"><span class="tocnumber">7</span> <span class="toctext">See also</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-23"><a href="#Footnotes"><span class="tocnumber">8</span> <span class="toctext">Footnotes</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-24"><a href="#Bibliography"><span class="tocnumber">9</span> <span class="toctext">Bibliography</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-25"><a href="#External_links"><span class="tocnumber">10</span> <span class="toctext">External links</span></a></li> </ul> </td> </tr> </table> <script type="text/javascript"> //<![CDATA[ if (window.showTocToggle) { var tocShowText = "show"; var tocHideText = "hide"; showTocToggle(); } //]]> </script> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_In_ancient_sources">In ancient sources</span></h2> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_New_Testament">New Testament</span></h3> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/6/7/2/5372343136027154.jpg" width="220" height="154" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> The <a href="/Annunciation" title="Annunciation">Annunciation</a> by <a href="/Fra_Angelico" title="Fra Angelico">Fra Angelico</a>, an example of 15th century <a href="/Marian_art_in_the_Catholic_Church" title="Marian art in the Catholic Church">Marian art</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__193" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="193">The New Testament tells little of Mary's early history.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="193"><a href="#citable__193"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary in other books of the New Testament .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="193"><a href="#citable__193"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Little is known of her personal history from the New Testament.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="193"><a href="#citable__193"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After his death, there is nothing in the sacred records about her; nor is there one single instance, in the New Testament , of reverence, veneration, dulia, hyperdulia, or latria given to Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE WORSHIP OF THE VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblelight.net/worship_of_the_virgin_mary.htm">www.biblelight.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__149" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="149">Her parents are not named in the canonical texts; however, apocryphal sources, widely accepted by later tradition, give their names as <a href="/Joachim" title="Joachim">Joachim</a> and <a href="/Saint_Anne" title="Saint Anne">Anne</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(Tradition names Saint Anne and Saint Joachim as Mary's parents.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Not only oral tradition but several ancient apocryphal texts name Joachim the father of Mary: see The Protoevangelium of James , The Gospel of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin , and The Book of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary The Mother of Jesus, Who Was She?</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jjraymond.com/religion/marymotherofjesus.html">www.jjraymond.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>MARY IN THE APOCRYPHA All of that having been said, it is interesting to note that much of what is taken as information about Mary's life, and the basis of several traditional "feast days" associated with her--the names of her parents (Joachim and Anne), her conception, nativity, presentation in the temple--all come from New Testament Apocrypha.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Marian Appearances Around the World</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nhne.com/features/mary.html">www.nhne.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__134" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="134">Mary was a relative of <a href="/Elisabeth_(biblical_person)" title="Elisabeth (biblical person)" class="mw-redirect">Elizabeth</a>, wife of the priest <a href="/Zechariah_(priest)" title="Zechariah (priest)">Zechariah</a> of the priestly division of <a href="/Abijah" title="Abijah">Abijah</a>, who was herself part of the <a href="/Daughter_of_Aaron" title="Daughter of Aaron">lineage of Aaron</a> and so of the tribe of Levi.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="134"><a href="#citable__134"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary's relative Elizabeth was probably a descendent of the original high priest, Aaron, of the tribe of Levi (Luke 1:5).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother (Luke 1:26-45) -- Christmas Incarnation</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuswalk.com/christmas-incarnation/virgin-mother.htm">www.jesuswalk.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="134"><a href="#citable__134"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Descendants of Aaron are priests of the tribe of Levi .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary The Mother of Jesus, Who Was She?</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jjraymond.com/religion/marymotherofjesus.html">www.jjraymond.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="134"><a href="#citable__134"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Luke, Mary was of the tribe of Judah and the lineage of David (1:32).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Doctrine of Mary - ReligionFacts</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm">www.religionfacts.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%201:5;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Lk 1:5</a>]</sup></span> <a name="citable__153" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="153"><span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%201:36;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">1:36</a>]</sup></span> In spite of this, some speculate that Mary, like Joseph to whom she was betrothed, was of the House of David and so of the tribe of Judah, and that the genealogy presented in Luke was hers, while Joseph's is given in Matthew.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="153"><a href="#citable__153"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Her genealogy is given in Luke 3.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="153"><a href="#citable__153"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Luke, Mary was of the tribe of Judah and the lineage of David (1:32).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Doctrine of Mary - ReligionFacts</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm">www.religionfacts.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="153"><a href="#citable__153"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Luke, she was of the tribe of Judah and the lineage of David (Ps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-3"><span>[</span>4<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__17" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="17">She resided at <a href="/Nazareth" title="Nazareth">Nazareth</a> in <a href="/Galilee" title="Galilee">Galilee</a>, presumably with her parents and during her betrothal – the first stage of a <a href="/Jewish_view_of_marriage" title="Jewish view of marriage" class="mw-redirect">Jewish marriage</a> – the <a href="/Angel" title="Angel">angel</a> Gabriel announced to her that she was to be the mother of the promised <a href="/Messiah" title="Messiah">Messiah</a> by conceiving him through the Holy Spirit.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="17"><a href="#citable__17"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While she resided at Nazareth with her parents, before she became the wife of Joseph, the angel Gabriel announced to her that she was to be the mother of the promised Messiah (Luke 1:35).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="17"><a href="#citable__17"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She has conceived her child through the grace of the Holy Spirit.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Velankanni Church Vailankanni Church Vailankanni Shrine Annai Vailankanni Velankanni Mathavu Our Lady of Good Health Louders Of The EastHistory of Vailankanni Location Map of Vailankanni Location Map of Tamil Nadu Detailed Map of Vailankanni Shrine Mother Mary Apparitions of Mother Mary Prayers to Mother Mary Miracles at Vailankanni </c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 6:30 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.velankannichurch.com/pages/mothermary/Mother%20Mary.html">www.velankannichurch.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Early Life of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sol.com.au/kor/21_01.htm">www.sol.com.au</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="17"><a href="#citable__17"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She resided at Nazareth with her parents, while betrothed to Joseph.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-4"><span>[</span>5<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__165" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="165">When Joseph was told of her conception in a dream by "an angel of the Lord", he was surprised; but the angel told him to be unafraid and take her as his wife, which Joseph did, thereby formally completing the wedding rites.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When did Joseph take her as his wife and consumate the union?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Defining The Queen Status of Mary, Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://jesus-messiah.com/html/mary-jesus.html">jesus-messiah.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Joseph was told in a dream (Matt.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And Joseph awoke from his sleep and did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took Mary as his wife, .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary « Posted at wordpress.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://postedat.wordpress.com/2008/06/22/virgin-mary/">postedat.wordpress.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mt%201:18–25;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Mt 1:18–25</a>]</sup></span></span></span></span></div> <div class="thumb tleft"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/2/8/6/85551134052850615.jpg" width="220" height="238" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Visitation, from the <a href="/Abbey_of_St._Vaast" title="Abbey of St. Vaast">St Vaast</a> Altarpiece by <a href="/Jacques_Daret" title="Jacques Daret">Jacques Daret</a>, 1434–1435</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__280" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="280">Since the angel Gabriel had told Mary (according to Luke)<span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%201:19;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">1:19</a>]</sup></span> that Elizabeth, having previously been barren, was now miraculously pregnant, Mary hurried to <a href="/Visitation_(Catholic)" title="Visitation (Catholic)" class="mw-redirect">visit</a> Elizabeth, who was living with her husband Zechariah in a city of Judah "in the hill country".<span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%201:39;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Lk 1:39</a>]</sup></span> Once Mary arrived at the house and greeted Elizabeth, Elizabeth proclaimed Mary as "the mother of [her] Lord", and Mary recited a song of thanksgiving commonly known as the <em><a href="/Magnificat" title="Magnificat">Magnificat</a></em> from its first word in <a href="/Latin" title="Latin">Latin</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="280"><a href="#citable__280"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="280"><a href="#citable__280"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary answered the angel of the Lord “yes”, becoming the Mother of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, Our Mother by Miceala Shocklee</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 6:30 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wf-f.org/05-3-MotherMary.html">www.wf-f.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="280"><a href="#citable__280"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Luke, Mary was of the tribe of Judah and the lineage of David (1:32).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Doctrine of Mary - ReligionFacts</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm">www.religionfacts.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%201:46–56;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Lk 1:46–56</a>]</sup></span> <a name="citable__143" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="143">After three months, Mary returned to her house.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="143"><a href="#citable__143"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months and then returned to Nazareth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Blessed </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/mary.htm">www.fatheralexander.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="143"><a href="#citable__143"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary remained with her about three months and then returned to her home.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MARY IN THE BIBLE</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://maryourmother.net/marybible.html">maryourmother.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="143"><a href="#citable__143"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After three months Mary returned to Nazareth to her own home.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%201:56–57;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Lk 1:56–57</a>]</sup></span> <a name="citable__29" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="29">According to the Gospel of Luke, a decree of the Roman emperor <a href="/Augustus_Caesar" title="Augustus Caesar" class="mw-redirect">Augustus</a> required that Joseph and his betrothed should proceed to <a href="/Bethlehem" title="Bethlehem">Bethlehem</a> for a <a href="/Census_of_Quirinius" title="Census of Quirinius">census</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="29"><a href="#citable__29"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Gospel of Luke 1:46-56 THE NATIVITY In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that the whole world should be enrolled.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MARY IN THE BIBLE</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://maryourmother.net/marybible.html">maryourmother.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="29"><a href="#citable__29"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Through the Divine plan of God and His foreknowledge, Caesar Augustus issued a decree for a general census in all the Roman Empire.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cccnet.ca/Saints_Stories/VirginMary.htm">www.cccnet.ca</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="29"><a href="#citable__29"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"For Luke, in the inspired Gospel narratives, delivers a testimony not to Joseph only, but also to Mary, the Mother of God, and gives this account with reference to the very family and house of David."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary2.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Church Fathers: Blessed Virgin Mary :: Catholic News Agency (CNA)</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/resource.php?n=719">www.catholicnewsagency.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__117" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="117">While they were there, Mary gave birth to Jesus; but because there was no place for them in the inn, she had to use a <a href="/Manger" title="Manger">manger</a> as a cradle.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="117"><a href="#citable__117"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>How old was Mary when she gave birth to Jesus?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>What About the Virgin Mary? (A Brief Catechism About Mary)</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ancient-future.net/marynew.html">www.ancient-future.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="117"><a href="#citable__117"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for him in the inn.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Velankanni Church Vailankanni Church Vailankanni Shrine Annai Vailankanni Velankanni Mathavu Our Lady of Good Health Louders Of The EastHistory of Vailankanni Location Map of Vailankanni Location Map of Tamil Nadu Detailed Map of Vailankanni Shrine Mother Mary Apparitions of Mother Mary Prayers to Mother Mary Miracles at Vailankanni </c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 6:30 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.velankannichurch.com/pages/mothermary/Mother%20Mary.html">www.velankannichurch.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Early Life of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sol.com.au/kor/21_01.htm">www.sol.com.au</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="117"><a href="#citable__117"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The births of both Jesus and Mary were Virgin Births.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%202:1ff;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Lk 2:1ff</a>]</sup></span></span></span></span></span></span></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__274" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="274">After eight days, the boy was <a href="/Circumcision_of_Christ" title="Circumcision of Christ" class="mw-redirect">circumcised</a> and named Jesus, in accordance with the instructions that the "angel of the Lord" had given to Joseph after the Annunciation to Mary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="274"><a href="#citable__274"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Lord Jesus forbids veneration of the woman He saved named Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary « Posted at wordpress.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://postedat.wordpress.com/2008/06/22/virgin-mary/">postedat.wordpress.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="274"><a href="#citable__274"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The angel of the Lord declared unto Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marypages.com/PrayerstoMary.htm">www.marypages.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="274"><a href="#citable__274"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesus was born only of Mary, not of Joseph and Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__41" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="41">These customary ceremonies were followed by Jesus' presentation to the Lord at the Temple in Jerusalem in accordance with the law for firstborn males, then the visit of the <a href="/Magi" title="Magi">Magi</a>, the family's flight into <a href="/Egypt" title="Egypt">Egypt</a>, their return after the death of King <a href="/Herod_the_Great" title="Herod the Great">Herod the Great</a> about 2 or 1 BC and taking up residence in Nazareth.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="41"><a href="#citable__41"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We are talking about Jesus the KING of kings!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Defining The Queen Status of Mary, Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://jesus-messiah.com/html/mary-jesus.html">jesus-messiah.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="41"><a href="#citable__41"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This was followed by the presentation in the temple, the flight into Egypt , and their return in the following year and residence at Nazareth (Matt.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="41"><a href="#citable__41"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Magi and the flight to Egypt (Matthew 2:1 ff.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary (mother of Jesus) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/367422/Mary">www.britannica.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mt%202;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Mt 2</a>]</sup></span> <a name="citable__138" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="138">Mary apparently remained in Nazareth for some thirty-four years.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary apparently remained in Nazareth for thirty uneventful years.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The 17-year-old has been inundated with people seeking prayer and healing since she claimed to have started seeing visions of the Virgin Mary some weeks ago.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>News - General: Virgin Mary visionary continuing with prayers</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=139&art_id=nw20070620172554819C417295">www.iol.co.za</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first thirty years of the life of Jesus are summarized in the last two verses of chapter 2:         "Then he went down to Nazareth with them and was obedient to them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://religi3.securesites.net/mary.htm">religi3.securesites.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__2" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="2">She is involved in the only event in Jesus' adolescent life that is recorded in the New Testament: at the age of twelve Jesus, having become separated from his parents on their return journey from the <a href="/Passover" title="Passover">Passover</a> celebration in <a href="/Jerusalem" title="Jerusalem">Jerusalem</a>, was found among the teachers in the temple.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="2"><a href="#citable__2"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary and Joseph journeyed to Jerusalem each year to celebrate the Passover feast.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="2"><a href="#citable__2"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is here, and only here, that the most familiar scenes from the Christmas story involving Mary are found: the angel announcing Jesus' birth; the visit to Elizabeth; the circumcision and the prophecy that a sword will pierce Mary's heart; and the scene in the temple when Jesus is twelve; all in the first two chapters!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Marian Appearances Around the World</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nhne.com/features/mary.html">www.nhne.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="2"><a href="#citable__2"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During these years only one event in the history of Jesus is recorded, viz., his going up to Jerusalem when twelve years of age, where he was found among the doctors in the temple (Luke 2:41-52).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk.%202:41–52;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Lk. 2:41–52</a>]</sup></span></span></span></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/10/3/1/6/35587501419538505.jpg" width="220" height="207" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <em><a href="/Marriage_at_Cana" title="Marriage at Cana">Marriage at Cana</a></em> by <a href="/Giotto" title="Giotto" class="mw-redirect">Giotto</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__213" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="213">After Jesus' <a href="/Baptism" title="Baptism">baptism</a> by <a href="/John_the_Baptist" title="John the Baptist">John the Baptist</a> and his temptations by the devil in the desert, Mary was present when, at her intercession, Jesus worked his first public miracle during the marriage in <a href="/Cana" title="Cana">Cana</a> by <a href="/Turning_water_into_wine" title="Turning water into wine" class="mw-redirect">turning water into wine</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="213"><a href="#citable__213"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary was also present at the inauguration of Jesus' public ministry when, at the marriage in Cana ; her intercession led to the first public miracle performed by Jesus (John 2:1-11).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="213"><a href="#citable__213"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was present at Jesus' first miracle, which he performed reluctantly at her suggestion (John 2:1f).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Doctrine of Mary - ReligionFacts</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm">www.religionfacts.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="213"><a href="#citable__213"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Was it not also at her request that He worked His first miracle at Cana?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Jn%202:1–11;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jn 2:1–11</a>]</sup></span> <a name="citable__203" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="203">Subsequently there are events when Mary is present along with James, Joseph, Simon, and <a href="/Jude,_brother_of_Jesus" title="Jude, brother of Jesus">Judas</a>, called Jesus' brothers, and unnamed "sisters".<span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mt%2013:54–56;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Mt 13:54–56</a>]</sup></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mk%206:3;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">6:3</a>]</sup></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Ac%201:14;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Ac 1:14</a>]</sup></span> This passage is sometimes introduced to challenge the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary, however both Catholic and Orthodox churches interpret the words commonly translated "brother" and "sister" as actually meaning close relatives (see <a href="/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus" title="Mary, the mother of Jesus" class="mw-redirect">Perpetual virginity</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="203"><a href="#citable__203"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What is the theological significance of the doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.justforcatholics.org/a105.htm">www.justforcatholics.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="203"><a href="#citable__203"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Is not his mother called MARY, and his brethren James, and Joseph, and Simon, and Jude: 56.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="203"><a href="#citable__203"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__216" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="216">There is also an incident in which Jesus is sometimes interpreted as rejecting his family.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="216"><a href="#citable__216"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There was another sighting in the Valley – a Scottsdale family snapped a few images of what they say is Jesus with his arms outstretched.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>virgin mary « Stupid Evil Bastard</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://stupidevilbastard.com/tag/virgin-mary/">stupidevilbastard.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__180" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="180">"And his mother and his brothers arrived, and standing outside, they sent in a message asking for him<span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mk%203:21;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Mk 3:21</a>]</sup></span> ...</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="180"><a href="#citable__180"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Continuing in Mark 3:31-35 (NKJV) "Then His brothers and His mother came, and standing outside they sent to Him, calling Him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, Mother of Jesus Christ!</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.zoomnet.net/~bbratt/mary-jc.html">www.zoomnet.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="180"><a href="#citable__180"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While he was still speaking to the people, behold, his mother and his brothers stood outside, asking to speak to him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="180"><a href="#citable__180"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And a crowd was sitting about him; and they said to him, "Your mother and your brothers are outside, asking for you."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MARY IN THE BIBLE</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://maryourmother.net/marybible.html">maryourmother.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__206" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="206">And looking at those who sat in a circle around him, Jesus said, 'These are my mother and my brothers.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="206"><a href="#citable__206"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And looking around on those who sat about him, he said, "Here are my mother and my brothers!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MARY IN THE BIBLE</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://maryourmother.net/marybible.html">maryourmother.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="206"><a href="#citable__206"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Then he looked at those seated in a circle around him and said, "Here are my mother and my brothers!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/virgin.htm">www.evangelicaloutreach.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="206"><a href="#citable__206"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father, who is in heavens, he is my brother and sister and mother."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE WORSHIP OF THE VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblelight.net/worship_of_the_virgin_mary.htm">www.biblelight.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__161" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="161">Whoever does the will of God is my brother, and sister, and mother.'"</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="161"><a href="#citable__161"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Does this mean she is the Mother of God, the Father?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="161"><a href="#citable__161"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father, who is in heavens, he is my brother and sister and mother."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE WORSHIP OF THE VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblelight.net/worship_of_the_virgin_mary.htm">www.biblelight.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="161"><a href="#citable__161"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Whoever does God's will is my brother and sister and mother" (Mark 3:20,21,31-35).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/virgin.htm">www.evangelicaloutreach.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mk%203:31–35;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:31–35</a>]</sup></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></div> <div class="thumb tleft"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:172px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/3/1/5/84818063042224709.jpg" width="170" height="227" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> A statue of the Virgin Mary in the <a href="/Mountain_Province" title="Mountain Province">Mountain Province</a>, <a href="/Philippines" title="Philippines">Philippines</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Mary is also depicted as being present during the <a href="/Crucifixion" title="Crucifixion">crucifixion</a> standing near "the disciple whom Jesus loved" along with Mary of Clopas and <a href="/Mary_Magdalene" title="Mary Magdalene">Mary Magdalene</a>,<span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Jn%2019:25–26;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jn 19:25–26</a>]</sup></span> to which list <a href="http://bibref.hebtools.com/?book=%20Matthew&verse=27:56&src=!" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Matthew 27:56</a> adds "the mother of the sons of Zebedee", presumably the <a href="/Salome_(disciple)" title="Salome (disciple)">Salome</a> mentioned in <span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mark%2015:40;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Mark 15:40</a></span>. Mary, cradling the dead body of her Son, while not recorded in the Gospel accounts, is a common motif in art, called a "<a href="/Piet%C3%A0" title="Pietà">pietà</a>" or "pity".</span></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">In <a href="/Acts_of_the_Apostles" title="Acts of the Apostles">Acts</a> (<span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Ac%201:12–26;&version=;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">1:26, especially v. <a name="citable__105" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="105">14</a></span>, Mary is the only one to be mentioned by name – other than the <a href="/Twelve_Apostles" title="Twelve Apostles" class="mw-redirect">twelve Apostles</a> and the candidates – of about 120 people gathered, after the <a href="/Ascension_of_Jesus_Christ" title="Ascension of Jesus Christ" class="mw-redirect">Ascension</a>, in the <a href="/Cenacle" title="Cenacle">Upper Room</a> on the occasion of the election of <a href="/Saint_Matthias" title="Saint Matthias" class="mw-redirect">Matthias</a> to the vacancy of <a href="/Judas_Iscariot" title="Judas Iscariot">Judas</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="105"><a href="#citable__105"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is in this one and only book of the bible that dragons are mentioned, and that in association with Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Marian Appearances Around the World</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nhne.com/features/mary.html">www.nhne.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="105"><a href="#citable__105"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was with the little company in the upper room after the Ascension (Acts 1:14).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="105"><a href="#citable__105"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Of the roughly 100 people in the upper room after the Ascension on the day of Pentecost , she is one of the handful who are named (Acts 1:14).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__75" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="75">(Though it is said that "the women" and Jesus' brothers were there as well, their names are not given.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="75"><a href="#citable__75"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the Gospels there are named four "brothers" (James, Joses, Simon and Jude), and there are also mentioned the "sisters" of Jesus—no fewer than three, as is evident in the words: and His sisters, are they not ALL with us?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Why is Mary Considered Ever-Virgin?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/inquirers/evervirgin.aspx">www.orthodoxinfo.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="75"><a href="#citable__75"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There is no intimation given in the word of God that this woman who was blessed "above" women was beatified or canonized.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Virgin Mary Our Lady?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.champs-of-truth.com/books/mary.htm">www.champs-of-truth.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="75"><a href="#citable__75"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The reason for this theory is that John, the Beloved Disciple, is supposed to have written his gospel from there and this same John is said to have been at the cross with Mary when Jesus entrusted each of the disciples to each other.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>BBC - Religions - Christianity: Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/virginmary_1.shtml">www.bbc.co.uk</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> ) <a name="citable__183" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="183">From this time, she disappears from the biblical accounts, although it is held by Catholics (as well as other Christian groups) that she is again portrayed as the heavenly woman of <a href="/Book_of_Revelation" title="Book of Revelation">Revelation</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="183"><a href="#citable__183"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From this time she wholly disappears from the historical biblical accounts, although it is held by many Christians that she is again portrayed as the heavenly Woman of Revelation (Revelation 12.1).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="183"><a href="#citable__183"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Well, technically, fundamentalist Christians think the whole virgin Mary veneration by the Catholic church is a form of heresy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Friendly Atheist by @hemantsblog » Virgin Mary Makes an Ironic Appearance</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://friendlyatheist.com/2009/08/09/virgin-mary-makes-an-ironic-appearance/">friendlyatheist.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="183"><a href="#citable__183"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Although we in the Living Church of God believe that Mary, like all others who have lived and died, is awaiting the resurrection from the dead , many Catholics believe she lives and intercedes for them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Rev%2012:1;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Rev 12:1</a>]</sup></span></span></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__207" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="207">Her death is not recorded in scripture; however, tradition<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5"><span>[</span>6<span>]</span></a></sup> has her <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">assumed</a> (taken bodily) into <a href="/Heaven" title="Heaven">Heaven</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="207"><a href="#citable__207"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Enoch was bodily assumed into heaven without dying.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="207"><a href="#citable__207"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Her death is not recorded in Scripture.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="207"><a href="#citable__207"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Assumed into Heaven .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__23" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="23">Belief in the corporeal assumption of Mary is universal to <a href="/Catholicism" title="Catholicism">Catholicism</a>, in both <a href="/Eastern_Catholic_Churches" title="Eastern Catholic Churches">Eastern</a> and <a href="/Western_Christianity" title="Western Christianity">Western Churches</a>, as well as the <a href="/Eastern_Orthodox" title="Eastern Orthodox" class="mw-redirect">Eastern Orthodox</a> Church.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="23"><a href="#citable__23"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>University church of st mary the virgin .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin mary Images and Stock Photos. 1355 Virgin mary photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies.</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fotosearch.com/photos-images/virgin-mary.html">www.fotosearch.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="23"><a href="#citable__23"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At the Virgin Mary Coptic Orthodox Church in Cairo, in 1968, Mary appeared on numerous occasions above the dome, in a brilliant field of light.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="23"><a href="#citable__23"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The belief in the corporeal assumption of Mary was formally declared to be dogma by Pope Pius XII in 1950; Roman Catholics must therefore hold the doctrine as being necessary to salvation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Later_Christian_writings_and_traditions">Later Christian writings and traditions</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__71" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="71">According to the <a href="/Apocrypha" title="Apocrypha">apocryphal</a> <a href="/Gospel_of_James" title="Gospel of James">Gospel of James</a> Mary was the daughter of <a href="/St_Joachim" title="St Joachim" class="mw-redirect">St Joachim</a> and <a href="/St_Anne" title="St Anne" class="mw-redirect">St Anne</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="71"><a href="#citable__71"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The main source of information about Mary is the Protoevangelium of James , an apocryphal gospel from c.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Dreaming-the-Virgin-Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sexualfables.com/Dreaming-the-Virgin-Mary.php">www.sexualfables.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="71"><a href="#citable__71"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The earliest known writing regarding Mary's birth is found in the Protoevangelium of James (5:2), which is an apocryphal writing from the late 2nd century.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic.net - A Meditation on the Birthday of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholic.net/index.php?option=dedestaca&id=2334">www.catholic.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="71"><a href="#citable__71"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to apocryphal writings Mary spent her childhood from age 3 – 12 in the temple.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Early Life of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sol.com.au/kor/21_01.htm">www.sol.com.au</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__12" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="12">Before Mary's conception Anna had been barren.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Before Mary's conception, Anna had been barren, and her parents were quite old when she was conceived.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The feast celebrating Mary's Immaculate Conception, December 8, (a liturgy instituted later) was set to correspond to nine months before Mary's birth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic.net - A Meditation on the Birthday of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholic.net/index.php?option=dedestaca&id=2334">www.catholic.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thus, Sacred Scripture clearly teaches that the marriage of the Virgin Mary to Saint Joseph began before the Virgin Conception of Jesus Christ.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__179" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="179">Mary was given to service as a consecrated virgin in the <a href="/Temple_in_Jerusalem" title="Temple in Jerusalem">Temple in Jerusalem</a> when she was three years old, much like <a href="/Hannah_(Bible)" title="Hannah (Bible)">Hannah</a> took <a href="/Samuel_(Bible)" title="Samuel (Bible)" class="mw-redirect">Samuel</a> to the <a href="/Tabernacle_(Judaism)" title="Tabernacle (Judaism)" class="mw-redirect">Tabernacle</a> as recorded in the <a href="/Old_Testament" title="Old Testament">Old Testament</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="179"><a href="#citable__179"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They took her to live in the Temple in Jerusalem when she was three years old, much like Hanna took Samuel to the Temple as recorded in the Old Testament (Tanakh, Hebrew Bible).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="179"><a href="#citable__179"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Jesus was twelve years old, Joseph and Mary took Him up to Jerusalem.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Imitating the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.opusangelorum.org/English/Imitating.html">www.opusangelorum.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="179"><a href="#citable__179"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary prophesied in the Old Testament .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/01/3/3/7/84326614118638945.jpg" width="220" height="340" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> A depiction of the <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">Assumption of Mary</a> by <a href="/Peter_Paul_Rubens" title="Peter Paul Rubens">Peter Paul Rubens</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__273" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="273">According to <a href="/Sacred_Tradition" title="Sacred Tradition">Sacred Tradition</a>, Mary died surrounded by the <a href="/Apostle_(Christian)" title="Apostle (Christian)">apostles</a> (in either <a href="/Jerusalem" title="Jerusalem">Jerusalem</a> or <a href="/Ephesus" title="Ephesus">Ephesus</a>) between three and fifteen years after Christ's <a href="/Ascension_of_Jesus" title="Ascension of Jesus">ascension</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="273"><a href="#citable__273"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to tradition Mary accompanied John to Ephesus and lived there several years.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE VIRGIN MARY'S ROLE IN SALVATION HISTORY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.agapebiblestudy.com/documents/The%20Virgin%20Mary's%20Role%20in%20Salvation%20History.htm">www.agapebiblestudy.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="273"><a href="#citable__273"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox tradition, between three and fifteen years after Christ's Ascension, in either Jerusalem or Ephesus, she died while surrounded by the apostles .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="273"><a href="#citable__273"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One tradition is that Mary stayed in Jerusalem, died in Jerusalem and Jerusalem claims her tomb.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>BBC - Religions - Christianity: Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/virginmary_1.shtml">www.bbc.co.uk</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__176" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="176">When the apostles later opened her tomb it was found to be empty and they concluded that she had been <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">assumed</a> into <a href="/Heaven" title="Heaven">Heaven</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="176"><a href="#citable__176"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Was she assumed into heaven, body and soul?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="176"><a href="#citable__176"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Later when the apostles opened her tomb, they found it empty and concluded that she had been bodily assumed into Heaven .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="176"><a href="#citable__176"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Later when the apostles opened her tomb, they found it empty and concluded that she had been bodily assumed into Heaven.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Doctrine of Mary - ReligionFacts</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm">www.religionfacts.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__39" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="39">The <a href="/House_of_the_Virgin_Mary" title="House of the Virgin Mary">House of the Virgin Mary</a> near <a href="/Ephesus" title="Ephesus">Ephesus</a> in <a href="/Turkey" title="Turkey">Turkey</a> is traditionally considered the place where Mary lived until her assumption.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="39"><a href="#citable__39"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The House of Virgin Mary is a must visit.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary House- Ephesus, Turkey - VirtualTourist.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.virtualtourist.com/travel/Middle_East/Turkey/Izmir_Ili/Ephesus-1844014/Things_To_Do-Ephesus-Virgin_Mary_House-BR-1.html">www.virtualtourist.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="39"><a href="#citable__39"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There is a rebuilt structure in Ephesus that is supposed to be the house that Mary lived in until she died.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="39"><a href="#citable__39"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The legend says that Virgin Mary came with him and lived in Ephesus until her death.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary House- Ephesus, Turkey - VirtualTourist.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.virtualtourist.com/travel/Middle_East/Turkey/Izmir_Ili/Ephesus-1844014/Things_To_Do-Ephesus-Virgin_Mary_House-BR-1.html">www.virtualtourist.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__224" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="224">The Gospel of John states that Mary went to live with the <a href="/Disciple_whom_Jesus_loved" title="Disciple whom Jesus loved">Disciple whom Jesus loved</a>,<span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Jn%2019:27;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jn 19:27</a>]</sup></span> identified as <a href="/John_the_Evangelist" title="John the Evangelist">John the Evangelist</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John 2:4, 19:26 - Jesus calls Mary "woman" as she is called in Gen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John 19:27.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Then in the Gospel of John, Mary appears twice.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Marian Appearances Around the World</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nhne.com/features/mary.html">www.nhne.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Irenaeus" title="Irenaeus">Irenaeus</a> and <a href="/Eusebius_of_Caesarea" title="Eusebius of Caesarea">Eusebius of Caesarea</a> wrote in their histories that John later went to Ephesus,<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-6"><span>[</span>7<span>]</span></a></sup> which may provide the basis for the early belief that Mary also lived in Ephesus with John.</span></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__267" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="267">"<a href="/Mary%27s_Tomb" title="Mary's Tomb">Mary's Tomb</a>", an empty tomb in Jerusalem, is attributed to Mary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="267"><a href="#citable__267"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 451 Juvenal, Bishop of Jerusalem , testified to the presence of Mary's tomb in Jerusalem .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="267"><a href="#citable__267"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(A tomb in Jerusalem is attributed to Mary, but it was unknown until the 6th century .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="267"><a href="#citable__267"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is believed that Mary died in the presence of all the Apostles, but that after her burial, her tomb, when opened, was found empty.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wf-f.org/Assumption.html">www.wf-f.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7"><span>[</span>8<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Mary_in_the_Qur_27an">Mary in the Qur'an</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Islamic_view_of_Mary" title="Islamic view of Mary" class="mw-redirect">Islamic view of Mary</a></div> <blockquote> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><em>And We Made the son of Mary and his mother a Sign ...</em> (<sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/023.qmt.html#023.050" class="external text" rel="nofollow">23:50</a>]</sup>)</div> </blockquote> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__85" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="85">Mary, mother of Jesus, is mentioned more in the Qur'an than in the entire <a href="/New_Testament" title="New Testament">New Testament</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="85"><a href="#citable__85"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="85"><a href="#citable__85"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="85"><a href="#citable__85"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesus is God Mary is the mother of Jesus Mary is the mother of God .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8"><span>[</span>9<span>]</span></a></sup> She enjoys a singularly distinguished and honoured position amongst <a href="/Female_figures_in_the_Qur%27an" title="Female figures in the Qur'an">women in the Qur'an</a>. <a name="citable__262" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="262">A chapter in the <a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> is titled "Maryam" (Mary), which is the only chapter in the Qur'an named after a woman, in which the story of Mary and Jesus is recounted according to the <a href="/Jesus_in_Islam" title="Jesus in Islam">Islamic view of Jesus</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="262"><a href="#citable__262"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Lord Jesus forbids veneration of the woman He saved named Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary « Posted at wordpress.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://postedat.wordpress.com/2008/06/22/virgin-mary/">postedat.wordpress.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="262"><a href="#citable__262"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary (peace be upon her) is the only woman specifically named in the Quran.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus and The Virgin Mary in Islam: Juan Galvan</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.islamawareness.net/Christianity/galvan1.html">www.islamawareness.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Jesus and The Virgin Mary in Islam - By Juan Galvan</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.islamfortoday.com/galvan03.htm">www.islamfortoday.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="262"><a href="#citable__262"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesus was born only of Mary, not of Joseph and Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__220" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="220">She is the only woman directly named in the Qur'an; declared (uniquely along with Jesus) to be a <em>Sign of God</em> to mankind <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/023.qmt.html#023.050" class="external text" rel="nofollow">23:50</a>]</sup>; as one who "<em>guarded her chastity</em>" <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/066.qmt.html#066.020" class="external text" rel="nofollow">66:20</a>]</sup>; an <em>obedient one</em> <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/066.qmt.html#066.012" class="external text" rel="nofollow">66:12</a>]</sup>; <em>chosen of her mother</em> and dedicated to God whilst still in the womb <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/003.qmt.html#003.036" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:36</a>]</sup>; uniquely (amongst women) <em>Accepted into service by Allah</em> <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/003.qmt.html#003.037" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:37</a>]</sup>; cared for by (one of the prophets as per Islam) <a href="/Zakariya" title="Zakariya" class="mw-redirect">Zakariya</a> (Zacharias) <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/003.qmt.html#003.037" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:37</a>]</sup>; that in her childhood she resided in the <a href="/Temple" title="Temple">Temple</a> and uniquely had access to Al-<a href="/Mihrab" title="Mihrab">Mihrab</a> (understood to be the <a href="/Holy_of_Holies" title="Holy of Holies">Holy of Holies</a>), and was provided with heavenly 'provisions' by God <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/003.qmt.html#003.037" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:37</a>]</sup>; a <em>Chosen One</em> <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/003.qmt.html#003.042" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:42</a>]</sup>; a <em>Purified One</em> <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/003.qmt.html#003.042" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:42</a>]</sup>; a <em>Truthful one</em> <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/005.qmt.html#005.075" class="external text" rel="nofollow">5:75</a>]</sup>; her child conceived through <em>"a Word from God"</em> <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/003.qmt.html#003.045" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:45</a>]</sup>; and <em>"exalted above all women of The Worlds/Universes"</em> <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/003.qmt.html#003.042" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:42</a>]</sup>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="220"><a href="#citable__220"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Submit your desires to the Holy Will of God, so that you will not impede the coming of God's peace into your own hearts, into the hearts of individuals who are waging war with one another and into the nations who are waging war with one another.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary's Messages Kurescek 1989-1999 / The Queen of Peace</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.kurescek.info/">www.kurescek.info</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="220"><a href="#citable__220"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And in a world where everyone has sinned; where no one is righteous; where the heart is deceitful about all things; where the front pages of the newspapers all over the world, every day, morning and night, proclaim the sinfulness of man, the fall of mankind, they are declaring that Genesis 3 is true.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Stafford Carson : Presbyterian Pastor » Born of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.staffordcarson.com/2009/12/born-of-the-virgin-mary/">www.staffordcarson.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="220"><a href="#citable__220"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, My Mother, pray that the love of God above all things and detachment from the world and its false pleasures, may also make my soul the temple of the living God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Presentation Of The Blessed Virgin Mary [Catholic and Orthodox Caucus]</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-religion/2391557/posts">www.freerepublic.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__74" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="74">The Qur'an relates detailed narrative accounts of Maryam (Mary) in two places <a href="/Sura" title="Sura">Sura</a> 3<sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/003.qmt.html#003.035" class="external text" rel="nofollow">3:35</a>]</sup> and <a href="/Sura" title="Sura">Sura</a> 19<sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/019.qmt.html#019.016" class="external text" rel="nofollow">19:16</a>]</sup>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A comparison of the three gospel accounts of the women at the foot of the cross demonstrates that James and Joseph, two of the named brothers, are the sons of Mary and Cleophas (Matthew 27:56, Mark 15:40, and John 19:25).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.justforcatholics.org/a105.htm">www.justforcatholics.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"For Luke, in the inspired Gospel narratives, delivers a testimony not to Joseph only, but also to Mary, the Mother of God, and gives this account with reference to the very family and house of David."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Church Fathers: Blessed Virgin Mary :: Catholic News Agency (CNA)</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/resource.php?n=719">www.catholicnewsagency.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>See: Matt 27:56, Mark 15:40, 16:1; Luke 24:10; John 19:25 The Matthew account has Mary the mother of James and Joseph.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Why is Mary Considered Ever-Virgin?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/inquirers/evervirgin.aspx">www.orthodoxinfo.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__19" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="19">The account given in <a href="/Sura" title="Sura">Sura</a> 19 <sup>[<a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> <a href="http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/quran/019.qmt.html#019.001" class="external text" rel="nofollow">19:1</a>]</sup> of the Qur'an is nearly identical with that in the <a href="/Gospel" title="Gospel">Gospel</a> according to <a href="/Luke_the_Evangelist" title="Luke the Evangelist">Luke</a>, and both of these (Luke, Sura 19) begin with an account of the visitation of an angel upon Zakariya (Zecharias) and <em>Good News of the birth of Yahya (John)</em>, followed by the account of the <a href="/Annunciation" title="Annunciation">annunciation</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But there are three texts associated with her cooperation in the historical mission of Jesus' Redemption: The Annunciation scene in Luke 1:26-38, Simeon's prophecy in Luke 2:34-35, and the "Woman" at the foot of the Cross in John 19:25-27.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Blessed Virgin Mary: Unique Cooperator in the Redemption</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fifthmariandogma.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=261:blessed-virgin-mary-unique-cooperator-in-the-redemption&catid=109:cardinals-and-bishops&Itemid=579">www.fifthmariandogma.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"For Luke, in the inspired Gospel narratives, delivers a testimony not to Joseph only, but also to Mary, the Mother of God, and gives this account with reference to the very family and house of David."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary2.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Church Fathers: Blessed Virgin Mary :: Catholic News Agency (CNA)</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/resource.php?n=719">www.catholicnewsagency.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>See: Matt 27:56, Mark 15:40, 16:1; Luke 24:10; John 19:25 The Matthew account has Mary the mother of James and Joseph.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Why is Mary Considered Ever-Virgin?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/inquirers/evervirgin.aspx">www.orthodoxinfo.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Titles">Titles</span></h2> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main articles: <a href="/Titles_of_Mary" title="Titles of Mary">Titles of Mary</a> and <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Blessed Virgin Mary">Blessed Virgin Mary#Marian titles</a></div> <div class="thumb tleft"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:172px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/1/0/3/12304631892654574.jpg" width="170" height="254" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <em><a href="/Our_Lady_of_Vladimir" title="Our Lady of Vladimir" class="mw-redirect">Our Lady of Vladimir</a></em>, one of the holiest medieval representations of the Theotokos</div> </div> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:172px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/2/6/8/147912121280325.jpg" width="170" height="285" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <em>Moses and the Burning Bush</em> by <a href="/Nicolas_Froment" title="Nicolas Froment">Nicolas Froment</a> (1476) showing the apparition in the Burning Bush as the Blessed Virgin in a bower of flaming roses.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__45" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="45">The name "Mary" comes from the Greek <em>Μαρία</em>, which is a shortened form of <em>Μαριάμ</em>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="45"><a href="#citable__45"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What has been said about the form of the name Mary shows that for its meaning we must investigate the meaning of the Hebrew form miryam.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="45"><a href="#citable__45"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Elizabeth calls Mary "the mother of God" when she says: "How can the mother of my Lord (Greek: kuriou; Heb: Adonai; Latin Vulgate: Domini) come to me?"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="45"><a href="#citable__45"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The name Alpheus may be Aramaic for Clopas, or James took a Greek name like Saul (Paul), or Mary remarried a man named Alpheus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__13" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="13">This is a transliteration of the Hebrew, Aramaic and Arabic name Maryam.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James the less was the son of Cleopas, but as I have read up on this, it is possible that "Cleopas" is a variant helenized transliteration of the Aramaic name "Chalphi".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Why is Mary Considered Ever-Virgin?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/inquirers/evervirgin.aspx">www.orthodoxinfo.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Among the Aramaic speaking Jews of her own time she was called "Maryam," the Hebrew version of which is "Miriam."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>What About the Virgin Mary? (A Brief Catechism About Mary)</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ancient-future.net/marynew.html">www.ancient-future.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__205" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="205">During the Middle Ages Hebrew vowel systems were formed and the Hebrew vowel "a" changed (regularly) to "i" in a closed unaccented syllable, so that by the time the Jews began to use vowel points, they wrote it as Miryam.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For one thing they changed Scripture during the closing of the movie.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Perpetual Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/mary_perpetual_virgin.htm">www.davidmacd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The spice jar disappeared in Britain during the Middle Ages but it was claimed to have been found by a Midland businessman in the 1920s.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Mystery</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.grahamphillips.net/Books/Marian_Ch1.htm">www.grahamphillips.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What has been said about the form of the name Mary shows that for its meaning we must investigate the meaning of the Hebrew form miryam.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__233" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="233">Mary's most common titles include <em>The Blessed Virgin Mary</em> (also abbreviated to "BVM"), <em>Our Lady</em> (<em>Notre Dame, Nuestra Señora, Nossa Senhora, Madonna</em>), <em><a href="/Mother_of_God" title="Mother of God" class="mw-redirect">Mother of God</a></em>, and the <em><a href="/Queen_of_Heaven" title="Queen of Heaven">Queen of Heaven</a></em> (<em>Regina Caeli</em>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="233"><a href="#citable__233"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Blessed Virgin Mary, Queen of Heaven - A devotional site dedicated to Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicnetlinks.com/Blessed%20Virgin%20Mary.htm">www.catholicnetlinks.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="233"><a href="#citable__233"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, Mother of God, we salute you.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="233"><a href="#citable__233"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__116" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="116">See <em><a href="/Litany_of_the_Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary">Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary</a></em>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="116"><a href="#citable__116"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>DSC_5306 Image in color of what appears to be shadow like images of the Blessed Virgin Mary (and the Holy Family) appearing on the cloth upon the altar of the Holy Eucharist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="116"><a href="#citable__116"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Blessed Virgin Mary, Queen of Heaven - A devotional site dedicated to Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicnetlinks.com/Blessed%20Virgin%20Mary.htm">www.catholicnetlinks.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="116"><a href="#citable__116"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>DSC_5301 Image in color of what appear to be shadow like images of the Blessed Virgin Mary (and the Holy Family) appearing on the cloth upon the altar of the Holy Eucharist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__188" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="188">Mary is referred to by the <a href="/Eastern_Orthodox_Church" title="Eastern Orthodox Church" class="mw-redirect">Eastern Orthodox Church</a>, <a href="/Oriental_Orthodoxy" title="Oriental Orthodoxy">Oriental Orthodoxy</a>, the <a href="/Anglican_Church" title="Anglican Church" class="mw-redirect">Anglican Church</a>, and all <a href="/Eastern_Catholic_Churches" title="Eastern Catholic Churches">Eastern Catholic Churches</a> as Theotokos, a title recognized at the <a href="/Third_Ecumenical_Council" title="Third Ecumenical Council" class="mw-redirect">Third Ecumenical Council</a> (held at Ephesus to address the teachings of <a href="/Nestorius" title="Nestorius">Nestorius</a>, in 431).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Bible is the foundation of all Catholic teaching.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 431, the Council of Ephesus affirmed the use of Theotokos as acceptable and condemned Nestorius.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Doctrine of Mary - ReligionFacts</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm">www.religionfacts.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was approved and confirmed by the council of Ephesus in 431.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__37" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="37">Theotokos (and its Latin equivalents, "Deipara" and "Dei genetrix") literally means "Godbearer". The equivalent phrase "Mater Dei", (Mother of God) is more common in Latin and so also in the other languages used in the <a href="/Latin_Rite" title="Latin Rite">Western Catholic Church</a>, but this same phrase in Greek (Μήτηρ Θεοῦ), in the abbreviated form of the first and last letter of the two words (ΜΡ ΘΥ), is the indication attached to her image in Byzantine icons.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Does this mean she is the Mother of God, the Father?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Mother of God" means more than just that Mary was literally the mother of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Latin has always been the unique and distinctive language of the Catholic Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.boston-catholic-journal.com/little-office-of-the-blessed-virgin-mary.htm">www.boston-catholic-journal.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__184" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="184">The Council stated that the Church Fathers "did not hesitate to speak of the holy Virgin as the Mother of God",<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9"><span>[</span>10<span>]</span></a></sup> so as to emphasize that Mary's child, Jesus Christ, is in fact God.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="184"><a href="#citable__184"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="184"><a href="#citable__184"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God, not Joseph, was the true father of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Velankanni Church Vailankanni Church Vailankanni Shrine Annai Vailankanni Velankanni Mathavu Our Lady of Good Health Louders Of The EastHistory of Vailankanni Location Map of Vailankanni Location Map of Tamil Nadu Detailed Map of Vailankanni Shrine Mother Mary Apparitions of Mother Mary Prayers to Mother Mary Miracles at Vailankanni </c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 6:30 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.velankannichurch.com/pages/mothermary/Mother%20Mary.html">www.velankannichurch.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Early Life of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sol.com.au/kor/21_01.htm">www.sol.com.au</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="184"><a href="#citable__184"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Isis with Child – prototype of 'Mother of God' .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Mythical Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesusneverexisted.com/mary.htm">www.jesusneverexisted.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__271" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="271">The title, <em>Queen Mother</em>, was given to Mary in early Christianity, since Mary was the mother of Jesus, who was sometimes referred to as the "King of Kings" due to His lineage of King David.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="271"><a href="#citable__271"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="271"><a href="#citable__271"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, the Mother -Twelve advocations referring to Mary as Mother.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>+Via Rosa - Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Loreto) - Rosaries and Chaplets Devotional Prayers+</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://prayers.viarosa.com/LitanyOfLoreto.html">prayers.viarosa.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="271"><a href="#citable__271"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__109" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="109">The biblical basis for this understanding is found in <span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=1Ki%202:19–20;&version=;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">1 Kings 2:19–20</a></span>, where King Solomon made his mother, Bathsheba, his queen mother present in his royal court.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="109"><a href="#citable__109"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If she was not a Queen mother then he was not born a King-son!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Defining The Queen Status of Mary, Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://jesus-messiah.com/html/mary-jesus.html">jesus-messiah.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="109"><a href="#citable__109"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Queen Mother sits beside the King.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="109"><a href="#citable__109"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the Davidic kingdom, the Queen Mother (Hebrew: Gebirah) would sit at the kings right hand (1 Kings 2:19).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__10" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="10">This governmental practice is also found throughout 1 and 2 Kings and in <span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Jeremiah%2013:18–19;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jeremiah 13:18–19</a></span>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The mothers of the Kings of Judah were persons of great prestige and power who sat at the right hand of their sons and who were regarded with reverence by his subjects [see 1 Kings 2:19 ; Jeremiah 13:18 ].</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE VIRGIN MARY'S ROLE IN SALVATION HISTORY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.agapebiblestudy.com/documents/The%20Virgin%20Mary's%20Role%20in%20Salvation%20History.htm">www.agapebiblestudy.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This latter occurs in Judges 11:12; 2 Samuel 16:10; 19:23; 1 Kings 17:18; 2 Kings 3:13; 9:18; 2 Chronicles 35:21.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This latter occurs in Judges 11:12; II Kings 16:10; 19:23; III Kings 17:18; IV Kings 3:13; 9:18; II Paralipomenon 35:21.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__166" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="166">In ancient Middle Eastern cultures, it was common for a king to have more than one wife; however, the king only had one mother and was an integral part of each royal court.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="166"><a href="#citable__166"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Therefore, it is common for one symbol to represent more than one thing.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="166"><a href="#citable__166"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is more Mother than Queen.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Fr. Hardon Archives - Devotion of St. Thérèse of Lisieux to the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.therealpresence.org/archives/Saints/Saints_027.htm">www.therealpresence.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="166"><a href="#citable__166"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Here only in shorthand: the Virgin Birth stems directly from the early stages of the Old Covenant, when God restores sexual power to a waning body (Abraham, Zechariah and his barren wife), and the miracle that the "barren" woman will have more children than the fertile one is a stock symbol of God's power to reverse things.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>"Conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary" | An excerpt from "Credo: Meditations on the Apostles' Creed" | Hans Urs von Balthasar | Ignatius Insight</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ignatiusinsight.com/features2005/hub_marycredo_dec05.asp">www.ignatiusinsight.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10"><span>[</span>11<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__120" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="120">Mary is also sometimes referred to as the <em>New Eve</em>, as her obedience to God's command (contrasted with Eve's disobedience) led, according to this system of belief, to the salvation of mankind through Jesus.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="120"><a href="#citable__120"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is the new Eve and her son Jesus is the new Adam.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="120"><a href="#citable__120"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Through faith and hope, Mary corrected what Eve's disobedience had done to this world.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic Doors Ministry - Reflecting on the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicdoors.com/courses/th8.htm">www.catholicdoors.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="120"><a href="#citable__120"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"And thus also it was that the knot of Eve's disobedience was loosed by the obedience of Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary2.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11"><span>[</span>12<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Christian_doctrines">Christian doctrines</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__187" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="187">According to mainstream Christian doctrine Mary remained a <a href="/Virgin" title="Virgin" class="mw-redirect">virgin</a> at least until Jesus was born.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="187"><a href="#citable__187"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Joseph kept Mary a virgin until Jesus was born (Matthew 1:24-25).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary « Posted at wordpress.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://postedat.wordpress.com/2008/06/22/virgin-mary/">postedat.wordpress.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="187"><a href="#citable__187"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Most Christian religions teach that Jesus was born from a virgin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="187"><a href="#citable__187"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This confirms that Mary was a virgin when she bore Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mt%201:25;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Mt 1:25</a>]</sup></span><span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%201:34–35;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Lk 1:34–35</a>]</sup></span> <a name="citable__73" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="73">Most Protestants do not specifically claim that Mary remained a virgin after the birth of Jesus, but the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox Churches, and many in the Anglican Church maintain that Mary also <a href="/Perpetual_virginity_of_Mary" title="Perpetual virginity of Mary">remained a virgin throughout the rest of her life</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="73"><a href="#citable__73"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The virgin birth of Jesus was a sign.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus and The Virgin Mary in Islam: Juan Galvan</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.islamawareness.net/Christianity/galvan1.html">www.islamawareness.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="73"><a href="#citable__73"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Catholic Church, the Orthodox Churches, and many Anglicans, teach that Mary was assumed into heaven, body and soul.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>What About the Virgin Mary? (A Brief Catechism About Mary)</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ancient-future.net/marynew.html">www.ancient-future.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="73"><a href="#citable__73"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So according to Scripture, Mary did not remain a virgin after she gave birth to Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/virgin.htm">www.evangelicaloutreach.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12"><span>[</span>13<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13"><span>[</span>14<span>]</span></a></sup></span></span></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__123" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="123">The New Testament recounts her presence at important stages during her son's adult life (e.g., at the <a href="/Wedding_at_Cana" title="Wedding at Cana" class="mw-redirect">Wedding at Cana</a> and at his <a href="/Crucifixion_of_Jesus" title="Crucifixion of Jesus">crucifixion</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="123"><a href="#citable__123"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Marys act of faith and her giving birth are at the beginning of the incarnate life and mission of the Savior; the New Testament also depicts her gathered with the disciples on the day of Pentecost.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="123"><a href="#citable__123"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As at the wedding feast of Cana, she is moved by our distress and compassionately intercedes for us to her divine Son.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="123"><a href="#citable__123"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John apparently recounts some misunderstanding between Jesus and Mary at the wedding feast in Cana (John 2:1-12).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__103" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="103">Also, she was present at communal prayers immediately after Jesus' <a href="/Ascension_of_Jesus" title="Ascension of Jesus">Ascension</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="103"><a href="#citable__103"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Though the Gospels do not expressly tell us so, we may suppose that Mary was present when Jesus showed himself to a number of disciples in Galilee and at the time of His Ascension (cf.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="103"><a href="#citable__103"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The book of Acts of Apostles records that the leaders of the infant Church along with the entire faith community were persevering in prayer with Mary the Mother of Jesus, and so the Church has done ever since.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE VIRGIN MARY'S ROLE IN SALVATION HISTORY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.agapebiblestudy.com/documents/The%20Virgin%20Mary's%20Role%20in%20Salvation%20History.htm">www.agapebiblestudy.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="103"><a href="#citable__103"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Emmaus (24)     - Jesus Ascension (24 )     - It is full of the Holy Spirit , with unique beautiful songs and prayers:         - The Magnificat of Virgin Mary (1:46-56).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://religi3.securesites.net/mary.htm">religi3.securesites.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__150" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="150">Narratives of her life are further elaborated in later Christian <a href="/Apocryphal" title="Apocryphal" class="mw-redirect">apocrypha</a>, who give the names of her parents as <a href="/Joachim" title="Joachim">Joachim</a> and <a href="/Saint_Anne" title="Saint Anne">Anne</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="150"><a href="#citable__150"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(Tradition names Saint Anne and Saint Joachim as Mary's parents.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="150"><a href="#citable__150"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was miraculously born to a rich elderly man Joachim and his wife Anne , who had been barren for many years.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Olga's Gallery</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.abcgallery.com/virgin.html">www.abcgallery.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="150"><a href="#citable__150"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But the Lord, Who from all eternity had chosen Joachim and Anne to give life to the Queen of Heaven, had raised them to a great degree of holiness.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__122" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="122">Christian churches teach various doctrines concerning Mary, and she is the subject of much veneration.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="122"><a href="#citable__122"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Anyone who considers Mary a role model for Christians today do not respect the example of her life if we do not follow her example by believing Gods Word (The Holy Bible) above any doctrine, teaching, or tradition from man, beast, or Angelic being.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.holiness.com/VIRGIN%20MARY.htm">www.holiness.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="122"><a href="#citable__122"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The term carries not merely belief in the virginity of Mary but of her continuing role within the church and in the life of all Christians.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>virgin mary statues, the largest selection and finest quality</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.saint-statues.com/servlet/the-template/ourladystatues/Page">www.saint-statues.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="122"><a href="#citable__122"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Catholic Church, the Orthodox Churches, and many Anglicans, teach that Mary was assumed into heaven, body and soul.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>What About the Virgin Mary? (A Brief Catechism About Mary)</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ancient-future.net/marynew.html">www.ancient-future.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The area of <a href="/Christian_theology" title="Christian theology">Christian theology</a> concerning her is known as <a href="/Mariology" title="Mariology">Mariology</a>. <a name="citable__269" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="269">The conception of her Son Jesus is believed to have been an act of the <a href="/Holy_Spirit" title="Holy Spirit">Holy Spirit</a>, and to fulfill the <a href="/Prophecy" title="Prophecy">prophecy</a> of <a href="/Isaiah" title="Isaiah">Isaiah</a> that a virgin would bear a son who would be called <a href="/Emmanuel" title="Emmanuel" class="mw-redirect">Emmanuel</a> ("God with us").</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="269"><a href="#citable__269"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Acts of the Apostles", often called the Gospel of the Holy Spirit.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://religi3.securesites.net/mary.htm">religi3.securesites.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="269"><a href="#citable__269"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God gave a Virgin Conception and Virgin Birth to the perfect-Virgin Jesus Christ.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="269"><a href="#citable__269"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God calls each one of us to be a saint.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary | Saint of the Day | AmericanCatholic.org</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americancatholic.org/Features/Saints/saint.aspx?id=1132">www.americancatholic.org</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title> Most Holy Name of the Blessed Virgin Mary | Saint of the Day | AmericanCatholic.org</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americancatholic.org/Features/Saints/saint.aspx?id=1930">www.americancatholic.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14"><span>[</span>15<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__11" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="11">The <a href="/Roman_Catholic_Church" title="Roman Catholic Church" class="mw-redirect">Roman Catholic Church</a>, the <a href="/Anglican_Church" title="Anglican Church" class="mw-redirect">Anglican Church</a>, and the <a href="/Eastern_Catholic" title="Eastern Catholic" class="mw-redirect">Eastern Catholic</a> and <a href="/Eastern_Christianity" title="Eastern Christianity">Eastern Orthodox Churches</a> venerate her as the <a href="/Perpetual_Virginity_of_Mary" title="Perpetual Virginity of Mary" class="mw-redirect">Ever-Virgin</a> Mother of God (Theotokos), who was specially favored by God's grace (Catholics hold that she was conceived without original sin) and who, when her earthly life had been completed, was <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">assumed bodily into Heaven</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="11"><a href="#citable__11"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Orthodox Church remembers the life of the Theotokos with several feast days .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Theotokos - OrthodoxWiki</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://orthodoxwiki.org/Virgin_Mary">orthodoxwiki.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="11"><a href="#citable__11"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="11"><a href="#citable__11"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I am the ever-virgin Mary, Mother of the true God who gives life and maintains its existence.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary -- Marian Apparitions & Prophecies</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rexresearch.com/mary/maryapps.htm">www.rexresearch.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__283" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="283">Some Protestants, including certain <a href="/Lutheran" title="Lutheran" class="mw-redirect">Lutherans</a> and <a href="/Methodist" title="Methodist" class="mw-redirect">Methodists</a>, embrace veneration of Mary and also hold some of these doctrines.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="283"><a href="#citable__283"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some Protestants use this to denigrate Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="283"><a href="#citable__283"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Catholics sing the praises of Mary, the Queen of Heaven, they are not worshipping some pagan "queen of heaven" or worshipping her as God any more than Protestants worship a pagan king by referring to the "King of Kings."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="283"><a href="#citable__283"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I wonder why certain Protestant Christians get so angry when we tell them that Mary is their mother?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__118" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="118">Others, especially in the <a href="/Reformed_Churches" title="Reformed Churches" class="mw-redirect">Reformed</a> tradition, question or even condemn the devotional and doctrinal position of Mary in the above traditions.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="118"><a href="#citable__118"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our foundation has the objective to develop, expand and maintain the Marypages website to promote the Roman Catholic belief and especially the Devotion of Our Blessed Mother, Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marypages.com/PrayerstoMary.htm">www.marypages.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="118"><a href="#citable__118"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Whatever may be the position theologically that one may take today on the subject of Mariology, one is not able to call to one's aid 'reformed tradition' unless one does it with the greatest care .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Perpetual Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/mary_perpetual_virgin.htm">www.davidmacd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="118"><a href="#citable__118"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We may also suppose that in Mary especially were verified the words of Acts, ii, 42: "And they were persevering in the doctrine of the apostles, and in the communication of the breaking of bread, and in prayers".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__48" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="48">Mary also holds a <a href="/Islamic_view_of_Mary" title="Islamic view of Mary" class="mw-redirect">revered position</a> in <a href="/Islam" title="Islam">Islam</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="48"><a href="#citable__48"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is still honored to this day by the local Muslim residents--Mary holds a special place in Islam.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">The <a href="/Roman_Catholic" title="Roman Catholic" class="mw-redirect">Roman Catholic</a> tradition has a well established philosophy for the study and veneration of the Virgin Mary via the field of <a href="/Mariology" title="Mariology">Mariology</a> with Pontifical schools such as the <a href="/Marianum" title="Marianum">Marianum</a> specifically devoted to this task<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_15" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-15"><span>[</span>16<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16"><span>[</span>17<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_17" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-17"><span>[</span>18<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Primary_doctrines_on_Mary">Primary doctrines on Mary</span></h2> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/1/9/2/32493381885165522.jpg" width="220" height="290" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <em>The Birth of the Virgin</em>, by <a href="/Francisco_de_Zurbar%C3%A1n" title="Francisco de Zurbarán" class="mw-redirect">Francisco de Zurbarán</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main articles: <a href="/Christian_views_of_Mary" title="Christian views of Mary" class="mw-redirect">Christian views of Mary</a>, <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Blessed Virgin Mary">Blessed Virgin Mary#Primary Doctrines on Mary</a>, <a href="/Mariology" title="Mariology">Mariology</a>, and <a href="/Marian_doctrines_of_the_Catholic_Church" title="Marian doctrines of the Catholic Church">Marian doctrines of the Catholic Church</a></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Immaculate_conception_of_Mary">Immaculate conception of Mary</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Immaculate_Conception" title="Immaculate Conception">Immaculate Conception</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__69" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="69">Catholics believe in the Immaculate Conception of Mary, namely that she was filled with grace from the very moment of her conception in her mother's womb and preserved from the stain of original sin.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="69"><a href="#citable__69"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At the moment of Mary’s conception, divine grace flooded her magnificent soul.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="69"><a href="#citable__69"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary was conceived without stain of sin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://webcatolicodejavier.org/english/mary.html">webcatolicodejavier.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="69"><a href="#citable__69"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Catholics believe the state of grace was with her since her Immaculate Conception.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20061206213053AAa5vFF">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__144" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="144">The <a href="/Latin_Rite" title="Latin Rite">Latin Rite</a> of the <a href="/Roman_Catholic_Church" title="Roman Catholic Church" class="mw-redirect">Roman Catholic Church</a> has a liturgical <a href="/Feast_of_the_Immaculate_Conception" title="Feast of the Immaculate Conception">feast by that name</a>, kept on 8 December.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This is an extrabiblical invention of the Roman Catholic Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary image defaced again - Chicago Breaking News</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.chicagobreakingnews.com/2009/01/virgin-mary-image-defaced-again-cops-say.html">www.chicagobreakingnews.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This again is another invention of Roman Catholic Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary image defaced again - Chicago Breaking News</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.chicagobreakingnews.com/2009/01/virgin-mary-image-defaced-again-cops-say.html">www.chicagobreakingnews.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By the generality of Roman Catholics, the date of December 8 is accepted as the feast of the immaculate conception without a word of remonstrance.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Virgin Mary Our Lady?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.champs-of-truth.com/books/mary.htm">www.champs-of-truth.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18"><span>[</span>19<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__204" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="204">Mary, under title of the Immaculate Conception, is the patroness of the United States.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="204"><a href="#citable__204"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary's virginity and immaculate conception .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>BBC - Religions - Christianity: Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/virginmary_1.shtml">www.bbc.co.uk</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="204"><a href="#citable__204"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary has also flourished under this title.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic Doors Ministry - Reflecting on the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicdoors.com/courses/th8.htm">www.catholicdoors.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="204"><a href="#citable__204"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Based on her visions from God, Blessed Anne Catherine describes the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary as a Virgin Conception.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__158" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="158">(This doctrine is often confused with the Virgin Birth of Jesus and the Perpetual Virginity of Mary, both discussed below.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="158"><a href="#citable__158"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The virgin birth of Jesus was a sign.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus and The Virgin Mary in Islam: Juan Galvan</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.islamawareness.net/Christianity/galvan1.html">www.islamawareness.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Jesus and The Virgin Mary in Islam - By Juan Galvan</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.islamfortoday.com/galvan03.htm">www.islamfortoday.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="158"><a href="#citable__158"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="158"><a href="#citable__158"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary's perpetual virginity here .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Perpetual Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/mary_perpetual_virgin.htm">www.davidmacd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> )</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">The corresponding feast in other rites may go by other names, such as, in the <a href="/Byzantine_Rite" title="Byzantine Rite">Byzantine Rite</a>, the Feast of <a href="/Feast_of_the_Immaculate_Conception" title="Feast of the Immaculate Conception">the Conception by St. Anna of the Most Holy Theotokos</a>. <a name="citable__107" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="107">However, the <a href="/Dogma" title="Dogma">dogma</a> of the Immaculate Conception is part of the teaching of the Catholic Church, and the title of "The Immaculate Conception" has been given to many <a href="/Eastern_Catholic_Churches" title="Eastern Catholic Churches">Eastern Catholic church</a> buildings, including the <a href="/Ukrainian_Catholic_Church" title="Ukrainian Catholic Church" class="mw-redirect">cathedral in Detroit</a> of the <a href="/Ukrainian_Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church">Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="107"><a href="#citable__107"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Many Protestant churches," however, dont follow Jesus teachings.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="107"><a href="#citable__107"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the Dogmatic Constitution of the Church, passed during the Second Vatican Council, Mary was also given the title Advocate, Auxiliatrix, Adjutrix, and Mediatrix.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>virgin mary statues, the largest selection and finest quality</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.saint-statues.com/servlet/the-template/ourladystatues/Page">www.saint-statues.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="107"><a href="#citable__107"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Even though these were never official, they bear witness to the very early belief in a teaching of the Catholic Church which was not formally defined as a dogma (a teaching essential to the Catholic faith) until 50 years ago.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wf-f.org/Assumption.html">www.wf-f.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_19" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-19"><span>[</span>20<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Eastern_Orthodox" title="Eastern Orthodox" class="mw-redirect">Eastern Orthodox</a> reject the Immaculate Conception,<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_20" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-20"><span>[</span>21<span>]</span></a></sup> principally because their understanding of ancestral sin (the Greek term corresponding to the Latin "original sin") differs from that of the Roman Catholic Church, but also on the basis that without original sin (i.e. fallen human nature), Mary would have likewise been separated from the rest of us by a special condition.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_21" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-21"><span>[</span>22<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__281" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="281">Some Orthodox believe that Mary was conceived like any one of us, inherited the sin of Adam, but was cleansed from it when Christ (God incarnate) took form within her.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="281"><a href="#citable__281"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Christ told us to be like children, why can't we believe like children?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="281"><a href="#citable__281"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God calls each one of us to be a saint.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary | Saint of the Day | AmericanCatholic.org</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americancatholic.org/Features/Saints/saint.aspx?id=1132">www.americancatholic.org</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title> Most Holy Name of the Blessed Virgin Mary | Saint of the Day | AmericanCatholic.org</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americancatholic.org/Features/Saints/saint.aspx?id=1930">www.americancatholic.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="281"><a href="#citable__281"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Christ cleansed the world of Adam's sin, Mary redeemed Eve's Original Sin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://rebeccanelson.com/virgin.html</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://rebeccanelson.com/virgin.html">rebeccanelson.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__228" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="228">This, coupled with the belief that she never committed any sin made her the perfect vessel.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="228"><a href="#citable__228"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Holy men, indeed, never commit mortal sin; nay, sometimes have never committed even one mortal sin in the whole course of their lives.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="228"><a href="#citable__228"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"The Blessed Virgin never committed any actual sin, not even a venial one.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="228"><a href="#citable__228"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But Christ, He is perfect, never sinned, and is alive even to this day.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> South African Girl Having Apparitions Of The Virgin Mary | Jon Holato</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jonholato.com/2007/06/11/south-african-girl-having-apparitions-of-the-virgin-mary/">www.jonholato.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__151" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="151">Nevertheless, this remains an area on which the Orthodox Church has not made any definitive statement, so a variety of views may be found.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="151"><a href="#citable__151"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He made an agreement with Moscow to remain silent about evils of communism, in order to secure the presence of Russian Orthodox Church at the council.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="151"><a href="#citable__151"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The words of Bar-Hebraeus contain two inaccurate statements; for St. John did not found the Church of Ephesus, nor did he take Mary with him to Patmos .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="151"><a href="#citable__151"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The words of Bar-Hebraeus contain two inaccurate statements; for St. John did not found the Church of Ephesus , nor did he take Mary with him to Patmos .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__98" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="98">Calvinist and Lutheran Protestants reject the idea that Mary was preserved from original sin from her very first moment.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="98"><a href="#citable__98"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary was also subject to original sin, but God redeemed her from the moment of her conception.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="98"><a href="#citable__98"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary was redeemed in the very first moment of her existence!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Imitating the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.opusangelorum.org/English/Imitating.html">www.opusangelorum.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="98"><a href="#citable__98"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary the Ark of the New Covenant is even more immaculate and undefiled, spared by God from original sin so that she could bear His eternal Word in her womb.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_22" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-22"><span>[</span>23<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__214" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="214">However, many Protestants of the Pentecostal tradition, especially those influenced by <a href="/Charles_Finney" title="Charles Finney" class="mw-redirect">Charles Finney</a>, do not believe in original sin in the sense that Catholics do, if they affirm the doctrine at all.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="214"><a href="#citable__214"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our doctrine of original sin is not the same as the Protestant doctrine.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="214"><a href="#citable__214"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Sometimes it has appeared to Protestants that Catholics actually place more emphasis on Mary, the Mother of God, and the Catholic Saints than they do on Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Blessed Virgin Mary |Mother of God | Rosary | -Welcome to The Crossroads Initiative</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.crossroadsinitiative.com/library_category/20/Blessed_Virgin_Mary.html">www.crossroadsinitiative.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="214"><a href="#citable__214"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This, however, doesn't mean that they didn't afterwards come to believe on Jesus and get filled with the Holy Spirit, for they were in the Upper Room on the day of Pentecost with the other 120: They all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers (Acts 1:14).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/virgin.htm">www.evangelicaloutreach.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_23" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-23"><span>[</span>24<span>]</span></a></sup> This renders the Immaculate Conception a non-question for them.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__282" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="282">This doctrine must be contrasted with the more widely held doctrine that Mary committed no sin in her life.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="282"><a href="#citable__282"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary must have recognized she had sinned.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="282"><a href="#citable__282"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary the Ark of the New Covenant is even more immaculate and undefiled, spared by God from original sin so that she could bear His eternal Word in her womb.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="282"><a href="#citable__282"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To penetrate this adorable Heart, the sanctuary of the Divinity, more fully, we must go through Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__155" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="155">The doctrine of the Immaculate Conception proclaims not only that Mary committed no actual sin, but that she was preserved from original sin, and this from the moment of her conception.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="155"><a href="#citable__155"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary was also subject to original sin, but God redeemed her from the moment of her conception.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="155"><a href="#citable__155"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary's virginity and immaculate conception .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>BBC - Religions - Christianity: Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/virginmary_1.shtml">www.bbc.co.uk</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="155"><a href="#citable__155"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So, the choice was to repudiate the doctrines of the immaculate conception and original sin or fix" the conflict with an explanation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__217" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="217">Many may highly venerate Mary (as do many Protestants, Anglicans, and certainly Eastern Orthodox), but do not thereby indicate their acceptance of the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception as taught by the <a href="/Roman_Catholic_Church" title="Roman Catholic Church" class="mw-redirect">Roman Catholic Church</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Catholic Church, the Orthodox Churches, and many Anglicans, teach that Mary was assumed into heaven, body and soul.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>What About the Virgin Mary? (A Brief Catechism About Mary)</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ancient-future.net/marynew.html">www.ancient-future.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The shrine is currently managed cooperatively by the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is considered by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican churches to be a saint, with a feast day of July 22.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Virgin_birth_of_Jesus">Virgin birth of Jesus</span></h3> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Christian_View">Christian View</span></h4> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/8/2/0/6683831711376688.jpg" width="220" height="344" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Mary, depicted as <a href="/Our_Lady_of_Guadalupe" title="Our Lady of Guadalupe">Our Lady of Guadalupe</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Virgin_birth_of_Jesus" title="Virgin birth of Jesus">Virgin birth of Jesus</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__246" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="246">The <a href="/Apostles%27_Creed" title="Apostles' Creed">Apostles' Creed</a> and <a href="/Nicene_Creed" title="Nicene Creed">Nicene Creed</a> both refer to Mary as "the Virgin Mary". This alludes to the belief that Mary conceived Jesus through the action of God the Holy Spirit, and not through intercourse with Joseph or anyone else.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="246"><a href="#citable__246"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="246"><a href="#citable__246"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God, not Joseph, was the true father of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Velankanni Church Vailankanni Church Vailankanni Shrine Annai Vailankanni Velankanni Mathavu Our Lady of Good Health Louders Of The EastHistory of Vailankanni Location Map of Vailankanni Location Map of Tamil Nadu Detailed Map of Vailankanni Shrine Mother Mary Apparitions of Mother Mary Prayers to Mother Mary Miracles at Vailankanni </c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 6:30 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.velankannichurch.com/pages/mothermary/Mother%20Mary.html">www.velankannichurch.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Early Life of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sol.com.au/kor/21_01.htm">www.sol.com.au</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="246"><a href="#citable__246"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She has conceived her child through the grace of the Holy Spirit.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Velankanni Church Vailankanni Church Vailankanni Shrine Annai Vailankanni Velankanni Mathavu Our Lady of Good Health Louders Of The EastHistory of Vailankanni Location Map of Vailankanni Location Map of Tamil Nadu Detailed Map of Vailankanni Shrine Mother Mary Apparitions of Mother Mary Prayers to Mother Mary Miracles at Vailankanni </c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 6:30 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.velankannichurch.com/pages/mothermary/Mother%20Mary.html">www.velankannichurch.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Early Life of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sol.com.au/kor/21_01.htm">www.sol.com.au</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__254" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="254">That she was a virgin at this time is affirmed by Eastern Christianity, Roman Catholicism and many Protestants.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="254"><a href="#citable__254"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One thing that distinguishes Catholicism from Evangelical Protestant culture is the emphasis that Catholics (and Orthodox) place on the Blessed Virgin Mary and the saints.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Blessed Virgin Mary |Mother of God | Rosary | -Welcome to The Crossroads Initiative</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.crossroadsinitiative.com/library_category/20/Blessed_Virgin_Mary.html">www.crossroadsinitiative.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="254"><a href="#citable__254"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From the time of Augustine to the present, many Christians have associated the sexual act itself with original sin, although disagreement with this view is increasingly common.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="254"><a href="#citable__254"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They concerned not the Roman Church, but the Coptic Church, and Coptic bishops, including the Coptic Patriarch's representative, were among the millions of Christians, Muslims, Jews and non-believers, who many times witnessed the apparitions over a period of three years, from 1968-1971.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Apparitions of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/apparitions_of_the_virgin_mary.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__4" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="4">Rejection of this is considered <a href="/Heresy" title="Heresy">heretical</a> by many, but not all, traditional Christian groups.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="4"><a href="#citable__4"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The title may shock Protestant Christians, who rightly consider all believers as saints, but she has been known to the Church by this honorary title of "saint" for two millennia -- and for good reason.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother (Luke 1:26-45) -- Christmas Incarnation</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuswalk.com/christmas-incarnation/virgin-mother.htm">www.jesuswalk.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="4"><a href="#citable__4"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This verse teaches that all of God's born again Christians in Rome are considered "saints".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Rome's Virgin Mary -- Mother of All Myths"</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1641.html">www.cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="4"><a href="#citable__4"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A beggar in the city, Saint Andrew the Fool-for-Christ's-sake, was in the church of Vlahern praying all night with many other Christians.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Blessed </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/mary.htm">www.fatheralexander.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__181" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="181">The <a href="/Gospel_of_Matthew" title="Gospel of Matthew">Gospel of Matthew</a> describes Mary as a virgin who fulfilled the prophecy of <span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Isaiah%207:14;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Isaiah 7:14</a></span>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="181"><a href="#citable__181"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Of course, looking at that quote from Isaiah , one has to wonder why they called him Jesus and not Emmanuel, which was required to fulfill the prophecy?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary Was a Virgin - Jesus Police Website</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuspolice.com/common_error.php?id=7">www.jesuspolice.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="181"><a href="#citable__181"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Joseph kept Mary a virgin until Jesus was born (Matthew 1:24-25).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary « Posted at wordpress.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://postedat.wordpress.com/2008/06/22/virgin-mary/">postedat.wordpress.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="181"><a href="#citable__181"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The author describes several of the Marys of our times: Miearculous Mary (such as at Medjugorje), Mediator Mary (Who, as the author quotes Fr.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__172" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="172">The Hebrew word <em>almah</em> that appears in this verse, and the Greek word <em>parthenos</em> that Jews used to translate it in the Greek Septuagint that Matthew quotes here, have been the subjects of dispute for almost two millennia, since <em>almah</em> simply means <em>young woman</em>, rather than <em>virgin</em> (in Hebrew, the word <em>betulah</em> would be an unambiguous translation).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="172"><a href="#citable__172"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Greek, the word parthenos specifically means a virgin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary Was a Virgin - Jesus Police Website</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuspolice.com/common_error.php?id=7">www.jesuspolice.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="172"><a href="#citable__172"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Hebrew word for virgin was bethula , not almah .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary Was a Virgin - Jesus Police Website</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuspolice.com/common_error.php?id=7">www.jesuspolice.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="172"><a href="#citable__172"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This Greek word translated "brothers" comes from the word, delphus, which means womb.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/virgin.htm">www.evangelicaloutreach.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__242" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="242">This disagreement is related to the question of whether <span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Isaiah%207:14;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Isaiah 7:14</a></span> is a prophecy of Jesus' birth.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Of course, looking at that quote from Isaiah , one has to wonder why they called him Jesus and not Emmanuel, which was required to fulfill the prophecy?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary Was a Virgin - Jesus Police Website</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuspolice.com/common_error.php?id=7">www.jesuspolice.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Isaiah 66:7 - for example, we see Isaiah prophesying that before she (Mary) was in labor she gave birth; before her pain came upon her she was delivered of a son (Jesus).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the birth of Jesus, she was present at the visit of the Magi (Matthew 2:11), fled with Joseph to Egypt (Matthew 2:14), and returned to Nazareth (Matthew 2:23).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Velankanni Church Vailankanni Church Vailankanni Shrine Annai Vailankanni Velankanni Mathavu Our Lady of Good Health Louders Of The EastHistory of Vailankanni Location Map of Vailankanni Location Map of Tamil Nadu Detailed Map of Vailankanni Shrine Mother Mary Apparitions of Mother Mary Prayers to Mother Mary Miracles at Vailankanni </c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 6:30 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.velankannichurch.com/pages/mothermary/Mother%20Mary.html">www.velankannichurch.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__237" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="237">Regardless of the meaning of this verse, it is clear that the authors of the Gospels of Matthew and <a href="/Gospel_of_Luke" title="Gospel of Luke">Luke</a> consider Jesus' conception not the result of intercourse and assert that Mary had "no relations with man" before Jesus' birth.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="237"><a href="#citable__237"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The conception and birth of the Virgin Mary and the conception and birth of Jesus Christ were each fully miraculous and fully virginal.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="237"><a href="#citable__237"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary's perpetual virginity before, during and after Jesus' birth .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Perpetual Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/mary_perpetual_virgin.htm">www.davidmacd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="237"><a href="#citable__237"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The births of both Jesus and Mary were Virgin Births.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mt%201:18;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Mt 1:18</a>]</sup></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Mt%201:25;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Mt 1:25</a>]</sup></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%201:34;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Lk 1:34</a>]</sup></span></span></span></span></div> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Virgin_birth_of_Jesus_in_the_Qur_27an">Virgin birth of Jesus in the Qur'an</span></h4> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__140" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="140">The <a href="/Qur%27an" title="Qur'an">Qur'an</a> says that Jesus was the result of a virgin birth.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The virgin birth of Jesus was a sign.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus and The Virgin Mary in Islam - By Juan Galvan</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.islamfortoday.com/galvan03.htm">www.islamfortoday.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The births of both Jesus and Mary were Virgin Births.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Does this theory not prove Mary's royal queenship? A real flesh and blood virgin birthed Jesus, the man child.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Defining The Queen Status of Mary, Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://jesus-messiah.com/html/mary-jesus.html">jesus-messiah.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The most detailed account of the annunciation and birth of Jesus is provided in <a href="/Sura" title="Sura">Sura</a> 3 and 19 of The Qur'an wherein it is written that God sent an angel to announce that she could shortly expect to bear a son, despite being a virgin:</div> <blockquote> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__87" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="87">(Remember) When the angels said <em>O Mary!</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The angel Gabriel said to Mary in greeting: Hail, full of .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Then Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, since I do not know a man?"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, Mother of Jesus Christ!</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.zoomnet.net/~bbratt/mary-jc.html">www.zoomnet.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Velankanni Church Vailankanni Church Vailankanni Shrine Annai Vailankanni Velankanni Mathavu Our Lady of Good Health Louders Of The EastHistory of Vailankanni Location Map of Vailankanni Location Map of Tamil Nadu Detailed Map of Vailankanni Shrine Mother Mary Apparitions of Mother Mary Prayers to Mother Mary Miracles at Vailankanni </c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 6:30 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.velankannichurch.com/pages/mothermary/Mother%20Mary.html">www.velankannichurch.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__33" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="33">Allah Gives thee Good News of a son through a Word from Him!</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="33"><a href="#citable__33"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When the angels said, 'O Mary, Allah gives thee glad tidings of a son through a Word from Him; his name shall be the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, honoured in this world and in the next, and of those who are granted nearness to God; And for their disbelief and for their uttering against Mary a grievous calumny; O People of the Book!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20061206213053AAa5vFF">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="33"><a href="#citable__33"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To Dhimmi: Quran 34.28 Prophet Mohammad (May Allah Peace Be Upon Him) sent but to entire mankind [102 words] .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary and Myriam. Mother of Jesus and sister of Moses - Reader comments at Daniel Pipes</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.danielpipes.org/comments/110030">www.danielpipes.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="33"><a href="#citable__33"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God and for God."; (27) ";'God, who through the Word creates all things and keeps them in existence, gives men an enduring witness to Himself in created realities.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> His name shall be the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, honoured in this world and in the next, and of those who Are Granted Nearness to Allah!</em> (3.45)</div> </blockquote> <blockquote> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><em>And he shall speak to the people in the cradle, and when of middle age, and he shall be of The Righteous</em> (3.46)</div> </blockquote> <blockquote> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__279" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="279">She said <em>My Lord!</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And Joseph said unto Mary: Lo, I have received thee out of the temple of the Lord: and now do I leave thee in my house, and I go away to build my buildings and I will come again unto thee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Perpetual Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/mary_perpetual_virgin.htm">www.davidmacd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Luke 1:46-55 And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Let us have Mary herself answer this question: "And Mary said, my soul doth magnify the Lord, and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Virgin Mary Our Lady?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.champs-of-truth.com/books/mary.htm">www.champs-of-truth.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__249" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="249">How shall I have a son when no man has touched me?</em> He Said, <em>That is as it shall be.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Her question "how shall this be to me, because I know no man" (Luke 1:34), shows humility, the weakness of the human nature, but also the strangeness of the matter, because there were miraculous conceptions in the Old Testament, however not seedless ones.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Annunciation of the Virgin Mary - Fasts & Feasts in the Orthodox Church</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/fasts_feasts/hierotheos_vlachos_annunciation.htm">orthodoxresearchinstitute.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Observe also what Mary herself, who had replied to Gabriel with the words, "How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary2.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She shall touch no hallowed thing," and so forth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary2.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Allah Creates what He Pleases. When HE decrees a thing HE says to it "Be" and it is!</em> (3.47)</div> </blockquote> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Other_Views">Other Views</span></h4> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__139" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="139">From early stages of Christianity, the faithful believe in the Virginity of Mary and the virgin conception of Jesus, as stated in the gospels, holy and supernatural, was used by detractors, both political and religious, as a topic for discussions, debates and writings, specifically aimed to challenge the Divinity of Jesus and thus Christians and Christianity alike.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The conception and birth of the Virgin Mary and the conception and birth of Jesus Christ were each fully miraculous and fully virginal.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Since the days of the apostles, faithful Christians have understood Mary to be the virgin mother of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Such polemics and writings came from both Jewish and Hellenistic cultural centers. <a name="citable__128" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="128">As of special note there are the writings of second century's <a href="/Celsus" title="Celsus">Celsus</a>, who stated that Jesus was the illegitimate son of a Roman soldier named <a href="/Tiberius_Iulius_Abdes_Pantera" title="Tiberius Iulius Abdes Pantera">Panthera</a> as part of the earliest anti-Christian polemics to reach us.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="128"><a href="#citable__128"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Early Christian writings from the first centuries .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Perpetual Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/mary_perpetual_virgin.htm">www.davidmacd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="128"><a href="#citable__128"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Later Jewish writings refer to her by her Jewish name, Miriam, and say that she's a hairdresser and that Jesus is the illegitimate son of a Roman soldier called Panthera.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>BBC - Religions - Christianity: Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/virginmary_1.shtml">www.bbc.co.uk</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="128"><a href="#citable__128"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Son; and he called His name Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary « Posted at wordpress.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://postedat.wordpress.com/2008/06/22/virgin-mary/">postedat.wordpress.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_24" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-24"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__9" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="9">Some scholars of the <a href="/Historical_Jesus" title="Historical Jesus">historical Jesus</a>, regard the nativity of Jesus to be an early Christian story created to liken Jesus to Moses (the <a href="/Massacre_of_the_Innocents" title="Massacre of the Innocents">Massacre of the Innocents</a>) and to show him fulfilling prophecy (the return from Egypt, etc.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="9"><a href="#citable__9"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After Jesus was resurrected, showed Himself, and left, Mary was with some of the original apostles: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="9"><a href="#citable__9"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She follows him about with her eyes; she is ever seeking some means of serving him; and, if her services are very small in their character, that only shows how intimate they are, and how incessant.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="9"><a href="#citable__9"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Should she not have been worthy to fulfil the functions of thc Christian priesthood such as preside at the Eucharist and share in the teaching of the doctrine of Jesus and administration of the community’?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>
    Home Page!
    Mary, the Virgin Priest?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.womenpriests.org/mrpriest/beattie.asp">www.womenpriests.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> ).</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Other scholars, such as <a href="/Bart_D._Ehrman" title="Bart D. Ehrman">Bart D. Ehrman</a>, suggest the <a href="/Historical_method" title="Historical method">historical method</a> can never comment on the likelihood of supernatural occurrences.<sup class="Template-Fact" title="This claim needs references to reliable sources from <a name="citable__222" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="222">March 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<em>citation needed</em>]</sup> While <a href="/Parthenogenesis" title="Parthenogenesis">parthenogenesis</a> (virginal conception) is known in lower animals, it does not occur naturally in human beings or other mammals, and produces females only, genetic clones of the mother.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Do you call your mother the mother of your human nature only?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Next to Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary, no other human being is perfect in virginity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The conception of Christ had to occur solely and entirely by a miracle of God in order to be a perfect virgin conception.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Perpetual_virginity">Perpetual virginity</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Perpetual_virginity_of_Mary" title="Perpetual virginity of Mary">Perpetual virginity of Mary</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">The perpetual virginity of Mary, a doctrine of <a href="/Roman_Catholicism" title="Roman Catholicism" class="mw-redirect">Roman Catholic</a>, <a href="/Eastern_Orthodox_Church" title="Eastern Orthodox Church" class="mw-redirect">Eastern Orthodox</a>, and <a href="/Oriental_Orthodox" title="Oriental Orthodox" class="mw-redirect">Oriental Orthodox</a> Christianity affirms Mary's "real and perpetual <a href="/Virginity" title="Virginity">virginity</a> even in the act of giving birth to the Son of God made Man."<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_25" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-25"><span>[</span>26<span>]</span></a></sup> According to this Church <a href="/Dogma" title="Dogma">dogma</a>, Mary was ever-virgin (Greek <em><span lang="grc" xml:lang="grc">ἀειπάρθενος</span></em>) for the remainder of her life, making Jesus her biological and only son, whose <a href="/Incarnation_(Christianity)" title="Incarnation (Christianity)">conception</a> and <a href="/Nativity_of_Jesus" title="Nativity of Jesus">birth</a> are held to be miraculous. <a name="citable__164" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="164"><span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Matthew%2013:55–56;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Matthew 13:55–56</a></span> raises the possibility that Jesus had siblings.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="164"><a href="#citable__164"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Joseph had children from his first marriage: Judah, Simon, James (the Lesser) and Joses (Matthew 13:55), whom the Gospels refer to as "brethren" of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Blessed </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/mary.htm">www.fatheralexander.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="164"><a href="#citable__164"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Nazareth she was regarded as a common Jewish mother; St. Matthew (xiii, 55-56; cf.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="164"><a href="#citable__164"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Nazareth she was regarded as a common Jewish mother; St. Matthew (3:55-56; cf.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__68" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="68">However, since the <a href="/Desert_Fathers" title="Desert Fathers">Desert Fathers</a> these individuals have been interpreted by some as possibly cousins or relatives of Jesus.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="68"><a href="#citable__68"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Even when Mary has found Jesus in the temple, not understanding what He meant when He said that He had to be in His Father's house, again, she "treasured all these things in her heart."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic Doors Ministry - Reflecting on the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicdoors.com/courses/th8.htm">www.catholicdoors.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="68"><a href="#citable__68"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The phrase "the Lord's brother," used here, can't possibly be limited to mean his spiritual brother, since it is already understood that Jesus' apostles are members of his spiritual family.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.evangelicaloutreach.org/virgin.htm">www.evangelicaloutreach.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="68"><a href="#citable__68"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But let these same rules of queenship apply to Mary the mother of Jesus, and some go insane!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Defining The Queen Status of Mary, Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://jesus-messiah.com/html/mary-jesus.html">jesus-messiah.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_26" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-26"><span>[</span>27<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Dormition_and_assumption">Dormition and assumption</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">Assumption of Mary</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__20" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="20">For both the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches Mary's assumption into heaven is seen as an instance of the <a href="/Resurrection" title="Resurrection">resurrection</a> of the body.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="20"><a href="#citable__20"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Assumption of Mary was formally affirmed and defined for Roman Catholics in 1854.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Doctrine of Mary - ReligionFacts</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm">www.religionfacts.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="20"><a href="#citable__20"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary's assumption into heaven .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="20"><a href="#citable__20"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This again is another invention of Roman Catholic Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary image defaced again - Chicago Breaking News</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.chicagobreakingnews.com/2009/01/virgin-mary-image-defaced-again-cops-say.html">www.chicagobreakingnews.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Christian_views_of_Mary">Christian views of Mary</span></h2> <table class="infobox collapsible collapsed" style="clear:right; float:right; width:20.5em; border:1px solid ; text-align:center; font-size:90%;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="2"> <tr> <th style="border:1px solid ; border-top:3px solid ; background:; text-align:center; font-size:90%; font-weight:normal;"> <div style="padding:0.4em 0 0 0.2em; line-height:1.25em;">Part of a series on</div> <div style="padding-bottom:0.33em; font-size:200%;"><strong><a href="/Christianity" title="Christianity">Christianity</a></strong></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><img alt="Jesus Christ is the central figure of Christianity." src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/00/2/1/0/5718243299865163.jpg" width="180" height="180" /><br /> </div> </th> </tr> <tr> <td style="line-height:0.5em;"> </td> </tr> <tr> <th style="border:1px solid #ccccff; border-top:3px solid #ccccff; background:#ccccff;"><strong><a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus"><font color="#000000">Jesus</font></a> <a href="/Christ" title="Christ"><font color="#000000">Christ</font></a></strong></th> </tr> <tr> <td style="padding:0.33em 0 1em; line-height:1.4em;"><a href="/Virgin_birth_of_Jesus" title="Virgin birth of Jesus">Virgin birth</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Crucifixion_of_Jesus" title="Crucifixion of Jesus">Crucifixion</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Resurrection_of_Jesus" title="Resurrection of Jesus">Resurrection</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Easter" title="Easter">Easter</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_views_of_Jesus" title="Christian views of Jesus" class="mw-redirect">Christian views of Jesus</a><br /> </td> </tr> <tr> <th style="border:1px solid #ccccff; border-top:3px solid #ccccff; background:#ccccff;"><strong>Foundations</strong></th> </tr> <tr> <td style="padding:0.33em 0 1em; line-height:1.4em;"><a href="/Christian_Church" title="Christian Church">Church</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/New_Covenant" title="New Covenant">New Covenant</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Twelve_Apostles" title="Twelve Apostles" class="mw-redirect">Apostles</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Kingdom_of_God" title="Kingdom of God">Kingdom</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gospel" title="Gospel">Gospel</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Timeline_of_Christianity" title="Timeline of Christianity">Timeline</a><span 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style="border:1px solid #ccccff; border-top:3px solid #ccccff; background:#ccccff;"><strong><a href="/Christian_theology" title="Christian theology"><font color="#000000">Theology</font></a></strong></th> </tr> <tr> <td style="padding:0.33em 0 1em; line-height:1.4em;"><a href="/Salvation" title="Salvation">Salvation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Baptism" title="Baptism">Baptism</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Trinity" title="Trinity">Trinity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/God_the_Father" title="God the Father">Father</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Son_of_God" title="Son of God">Son</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Holy_Spirit" title="Holy Spirit">Holy Spirit</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/History_of_Christian_theology" title="History of Christian theology">History of theology</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christology" title="Christology">Christology</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong class="selflink">Mariology</strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_apologetics" title="Christian apologetics">Apologetics</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_Eschatology" title="Christian Eschatology" class="mw-redirect">Eschatology</a></td> </tr> <tr> <th style="border:1px solid #ccccff; border-top:3px solid #ccccff; background:#ccccff;"><strong><a href="/History_of_Christianity" title="History of Christianity"><font color="#000000">History</font></a> and <a href="/Christian_tradition" title="Christian tradition"><font color="#000000">traditions</font></a></strong></th> </tr> <tr> <td style="padding:0.33em 0 1em; line-height:1.4em;"><a href="/Early_Christianity" title="Early Christianity">Early</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Constantine_I" title="Constantine I">Constantine</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ecumenical_council" title="Ecumenical council">Councils</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Creed" title="Creed">Creeds</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mission_(Christian)" title="Mission (Christian)">Missions</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_Chrysostom" title="John Chrysostom">Chrysostom</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/East-West_Schism" title="East-West Schism" class="mw-redirect">East-West Schism</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Crusades" title="Crusades">Crusades</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Protestant_Reformation" title="Protestant Reformation">Reformation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Counter-Reformation" title="Counter-Reformation">Counter-Reformation</a></td> </tr> <tr> <th style="border:1px solid #ccccff; border-top:3px solid #ccccff; background:#ccccff;"><strong><a href="/Christian_denomination" title="Christian denomination"><font color="#000000">Movements</font></a></strong></th> </tr> <tr> <td style="padding:0.33em 0 1em; line-height:1.4em;"> <table class="toccolours collapsible collapsed" style="width: 100%; border: none;"> <tr> <th><a href="/Catholicism" title="Catholicism">Catholic</a></th> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="/Catholic_Church" title="Catholic Church">Roman Catholic</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Anglicanism" title="Anglicanism">Anglican</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Independent_Catholic_Churches" title="Independent Catholic Churches">Independent Catholic</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Old_Catholic_Church" title="Old Catholic Church">Old Catholic</a></td> </tr> </table> <table class="toccolours collapsible collapsed" style="width: 100%; border: none;"> <tr> <th><a href="/Protestantism" title="Protestantism">Protestant</a></th> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="/Lutheranism" 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title="Christadelphians">Christadelphian</a> · <a href="/Oneness_Pentecostalism" title="Oneness Pentecostalism">Oneness Pentecostal</a></div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> <tr> <th style="border:1px solid #ccccff; border-top:3px solid #ccccff; background:#ccccff;"><strong>General topics</strong></th> </tr> <tr> <td style="padding:0.33em 0 1em; line-height:1.4em;"><a href="/Sermon" title="Sermon">Preaching</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Prayer_in_Christianity" title="Prayer in Christianity">Prayer</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ecumenism" title="Ecumenism">Ecumenism</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christianity_and_other_religions" title="Christianity and other religions">Relation to other religions</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_movements" title="Christian movements">Christian movements</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_music" title="Christian music">Music</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_liturgy" title="Christian liturgy">Liturgy</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Liturgical_year" title="Liturgical year">Calendar</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_symbolism" title="Christian symbolism">Symbols</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_art" title="Christian art">Art</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Criticism_of_Christianity" title="Criticism of Christianity">Criticism</a><br /> <img alt="P christianity.svg" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/03/3/8/9/6598753054066863.png" width="30" height="27" /> <strong><a href="/Portal:Christianity" title="Portal:Christianity">Christianity Portal</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr> <td> <hr /> <div class="noprint plainlinks navbar" style="background:none; padding:0; font-weight:normal;; font-size:xx-small;">This box: <span title="View this template" style="">view</span> <span style="font-size:80%;">•</span> <span title="Discuss this template" style="">talk</span> <span style="font-size:80%;">•</span> <span title="Edit this template" style=";">edit</span></div> </td> </tr> </table> <div class="rellink boilerplate seealso">See also: <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Blessed Virgin Mary">Blessed Virgin Mary</a> and <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary_(Roman_Catholic)" title="Blessed Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)">Blessed Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)</a></div> <div class="thumb tleft"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:172px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/2/6/3/9351678262975486.jpg" width="170" height="200" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <a name="citable__284" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="284"><div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> The oldest-known image of Mary depicts her nursing the <a href="/Infant_Jesus" title="Infant Jesus" class="mw-redirect">Infant Jesus</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="284"><a href="#citable__284"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And it was in this highly charged theological atmosphere that Mary wove her way to the well, perhaps holding in her arms the infant Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>BBC - Religions - Christianity: Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/virginmary_1.shtml">www.bbc.co.uk</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="284"><a href="#citable__284"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For her face, I looked at the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe A depiction of Mary which God chose to reveal to us on the Tilma of a simple Mexican peasant, Juan Diego.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Blessed Virgin Mary's Bower</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blessedvirginmarysbower.blogspot.com/">blessedvirginmarysbower.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="284"><a href="#citable__284"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The depiction of the Virgin Mary has been contested as being a fraud...It is an example of syncretism: The Marian image harkens back to an Aztec goddess which was worshipped in pre-Spanish times.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>We love the Virgin Mary Photo Gallery by Debra De La Cruz at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/ohquepretty/virgin_mary_and_los_angeles">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Catacomb_of_Priscilla" title="Catacomb of Priscilla">Catacomb of Priscilla</a>, <a href="/Rome" title="Rome">Rome</a> (2nd century)</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__241" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="241"><a href="/Catholic_Church" title="Catholic Church">Roman Catholic</a>, <a href="/Orthodox_Church" title="Orthodox Church">Eastern Orthodox</a>, <a href="/Oriental_Orthodoxy" title="Oriental Orthodoxy">Oriental Orthodox</a>, <a href="/Anglicanism" title="Anglicanism">Anglican</a>, and <a href="/Lutheranism" title="Lutheranism">Lutheran</a>, as well as some <a href="/Methodism" title="Methodism">Methodist</a> Christians <a href="/Veneration" title="Veneration">venerate</a> Mary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="241"><a href="#citable__241"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Eastern Christian view of Mary .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="241"><a href="#citable__241"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Blessed Virgin Mary , sometimes shortened to The Blessed Virgin or The Virgin Mary , is a traditional title specifically used by Roman Catholics, Anglicans, some Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholics, and others to describe Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>virgin mary statues, the largest selection and finest quality</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.saint-statues.com/servlet/the-template/ourladystatues/Page">www.saint-statues.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="241"><a href="#citable__241"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our foundation has the objective to develop, expand and maintain the Marypages website to promote the Roman Catholic belief and especially the Devotion of Our Blessed Mother, Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marypages.com/PrayerstoMary.htm">www.marypages.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__278" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="278">This veneration especially takes the form of <a href="/Prayer" title="Prayer">prayer</a> for intercession with her Son, Jesus Christ.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Throughout the centuries, Mary has taken sinners under her care, protecting them and guiding them towards her beloved Son, Jesus Christ.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic Doors Ministry - Reflecting on the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicdoors.com/courses/th8.htm">www.catholicdoors.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Prayer to Mary, Our Lady of Walsingham O Mary, recall the solemn moment when Jesus, your divine Son, dying on the Cross, confided us to your maternal care.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marypages.com/PrayerstoMary.htm">www.marypages.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John understood what Jesus meant when he said “son behold thy mother,” and proceeded to take her into his house.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> South African Girl Having Apparitions Of The Virgin Mary | Jon Holato</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jonholato.com/2007/06/11/south-african-girl-having-apparitions-of-the-virgin-mary/">www.jonholato.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__173" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="173">The <a href="/Hail_Mary" title="Hail Mary">Hail Mary</a> prayer is one such example.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="173"><a href="#citable__173"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>David made the prayer beads in van Eyck's work into rosary beads, referring to the angel Gabriel's words at the Annunciation: "Hail Mary, full of grace."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://rebeccanelson.com/virgin.html</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://rebeccanelson.com/virgin.html">rebeccanelson.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="173"><a href="#citable__173"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In prayers the Virgin Mary is called Theotokos , which in Greek means the Mother of God, since the One Who was born from Her was at the time of conception and always will be the true God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Blessed </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/mary.htm">www.fatheralexander.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="173"><a href="#citable__173"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Reformed tradition is more reticent, yet both Zwingli and Bullinger joined in the Hail Mary, full of grace not as a prayer to Mary but as an expression of praise in honor of her.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__97" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="97">Additionally it includes composing poems and songs in Mary's honor, painting icons or carving statues of her, and conferring titles on Mary that reflect her position among the saints.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="97"><a href="#citable__97"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This title was always christologically driven: It had less to do with the status of Mary than with the unity of divinity and humanity in her son.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="97"><a href="#citable__97"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There was a similar icon of Mary and Jesus in Constantinople that had been painted by Saint Luke (and donated by Pulcheria).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Dreaming-the-Virgin-Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sexualfables.com/Dreaming-the-Virgin-Mary.php">www.sexualfables.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="97"><a href="#citable__97"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The title used was aieiparthenos (ever-virgin), and by the middle of the 7th century the understanding of the title came to include the conviction that Mary remained a virgin for the whole of her life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__163" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="163">She is also one of the most highly venerated <a href="/Saint" title="Saint">saints</a> in both the Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox Churches; and several major feast days of the <a href="/Liturgical_year" title="Liturgical year">liturgical year</a> are devoted to her.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is considered by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican churches to be a saint, with a feast day of July 22.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The majority of churches in Egypt celebrate her feast.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Saint Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://tasbeha.org/content/hh_books/the_holy_virgin_st_mary/index.html">tasbeha.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thus, from the first to this day it has been a great feature and characteristic of the Church to be most tender and reverent towards the bodies of the Saints.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div class="thumb tleft"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/08/3/0/5/07320723109678289.jpg" width="220" height="147" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Virgin and Child. Wall painting from the <a href="/Catacombs" title="Catacombs">catacombs</a>, Rome (4th century).</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__59" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="59">By contrast, certain documents of the Second Vatican Council, such as chapter VIII of the Dogmatic Constitution <em>Lumen Gentium</em> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_27" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-27"><span>[</span>28<span>]</span></a></sup> describe Mary as higher than all other created beings, even angels: "she far surpasses all creatures, both in heaven and on earth"; but still in the final analysis, a created being, solely human – not divine – in her nature.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="59"><a href="#citable__59"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He is naturally Son of the Father as to his divinity and naturally son of his mother as to his humanity, but properly Son of the Father in both natures.'</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="59"><a href="#citable__59"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>All creatures, the assembly of Angels and .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Blessed </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/mary.htm">www.fatheralexander.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="59"><a href="#citable__59"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Not all human beings sin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__285" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="285">On this showing, Catholic traditionalists would argue that there is no conflation <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_28" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-28"><span>[</span>29<span>]</span></a></sup> of the human and divine levels in their veneration of Mary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="285"><a href="#citable__285"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Next to Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary, no other human being is perfect in virginity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="285"><a href="#citable__285"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Don't confuse the human and divine natures, but also don't reduce Mary's motherhood to Jesus' nature alone, and not His personhood.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="285"><a href="#citable__285"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The enmity is Jesus Christ, so as long as Mary had Jesus, there would be enmity between her and Satan.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__221" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="221">The major origin and impetus of veneration of Mary comes from the Christological controversies of the early church – many debates denying in some way the divinity or humanity of Jesus Christ.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="221"><a href="#citable__221"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, Christ is Divine, whereas Mary is merely human.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="221"><a href="#citable__221"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesus Christ took the substance of His sacred humanity from Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.boston-catholic-journal.com/little-office-of-the-blessed-virgin-mary.htm">www.boston-catholic-journal.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="221"><a href="#citable__221"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Blessed Virgin Mary , sometimes shortened to The Blessed Virgin or The Virgin Mary , is a traditional title specifically used by Roman Catholics, Anglicans, some Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholics, and others to describe Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>virgin mary statues, the largest selection and finest quality</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.saint-statues.com/servlet/the-template/ourladystatues/Page">www.saint-statues.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__77" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="77">So not only would one side affirm that Jesus was indeed God, but would assert the conclusion that Mary was "Mother of God", although some Protestants prefer to use the term "God-bearer".<sup class="Template-Fact" title="This claim needs references to reliable sources from February 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<em>citation needed</em>]</sup> Catholics and Protestants agree however, that "Mother of God" is not intended to imply that Mary in any way gave Jesus his divinity.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="77"><a href="#citable__77"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, Mother of God, we salute you.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="77"><a href="#citable__77"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="77"><a href="#citable__77"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some Protestants use this to denigrate Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__177" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="177">Both Catholics and Orthodox, and especially Anglicans, make a clear distinction between such veneration (which is also due to the other saints) and <a href="/Adoration" title="Adoration">adoration</a> which is due to God alone.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="177"><a href="#citable__177"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Blessed Virgin Mary , sometimes shortened to The Blessed Virgin or The Virgin Mary , is a traditional title specifically used by Roman Catholics, Anglicans, some Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholics, and others to describe Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>virgin mary statues, the largest selection and finest quality</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.saint-statues.com/servlet/the-template/ourladystatues/Page">www.saint-statues.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="177"><a href="#citable__177"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Was Canon John of Satge, an Evangelical Anglican, right when he said that the Marian cult (here Orthodox would draw a clear distinction between Mariolatry and the Orthodox veneration of the Mother of God) had its roots in an older paganism, in the recurring tendency of mankind to worship a mother-goddess?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Apparitions of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/apparitions_of_the_virgin_mary.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="177"><a href="#citable__177"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God alone could bring about such a virginal and miraculous conception.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__174" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="174">(The term <em><a href="/Worship" title="Worship">worship</a></em> is used by some theologians to subsume both sacrificial worship and worship of praise, <em>e.g.</em> <a href="/Orestes_Brownson" title="Orestes Brownson">Orestes Brownson</a> in his book <em>Saint Worship</em>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="174"><a href="#citable__174"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The latter term has been resisted by some believers because it can be (and has been) confused with pagan notions of fertility cults, goddess worship, and Magna Mater .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="174"><a href="#citable__174"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Catholics sing the praises of Mary, the Queen of Heaven, they are not worshipping some pagan "queen of heaven" or worshipping her as God any more than Protestants worship a pagan king by referring to the "King of Kings."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="174"><a href="#citable__174"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And even the Eastern Orthodox saint Basil, who was himself was a believer in the perpetual virginity of "the Theotokos" (a term Orthodox often use for Mary) wrote that: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__81" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="81">The word "worship", while commonly used in place of "adoration" in the modern <a href="/English_language" title="English language">English</a> <a href="/Vernacular" title="Vernacular">vernacular</a>, strictly speaking implies nothing more than the acknowledgement of "worth-ship" or worthiness, and thus means no more than the giving of honor where honor is due (<em>e.g.</em> the use of "Your Worship" as a form of address to <a href="/Judge" title="Judge">judges</a> in certain <a href="/England" title="England">English</a> <a href="/Court_reporter" title="Court reporter">legal traditions</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Catholics sing the praises of Mary, the Queen of Heaven, they are not worshipping some pagan "queen of heaven" or worshipping her as God any more than Protestants worship a pagan king by referring to the "King of Kings."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Nothing is simpler than our heavenly Mother’s singular correspondence with grace, yet nothing is more inspiring for our piety.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Bible account is strictly describing the alleged creation of the planet earth and nothing more.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Best Virgin Mary sighting yet : Pharyngula</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2009/07/best_virgin_mary_sighting_yet.php">scienceblogs.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__141" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="141">"Worship" has never been used in this sense in Catholic literature when referring to the veneration of the Blessed Virgin).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Blessed Virgin Mary " is a title commonly used by Catholic Christians.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother (Luke 1:26-45) -- Christmas Incarnation</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuswalk.com/christmas-incarnation/virgin-mother.htm">www.jesuswalk.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Blessed Virgin Mary , sometimes shortened to The Blessed Virgin or The Virgin Mary , is a traditional title specifically used by Roman Catholics, Anglicans, some Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholics, and others to describe Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>virgin mary statues, the largest selection and finest quality</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.saint-statues.com/servlet/the-template/ourladystatues/Page">www.saint-statues.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our ministry prays that this course has increased your understanding as to why the Blessed Virgin Mary is so highly regarded in the Catholic Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic Doors Ministry - Reflecting on the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicdoors.com/courses/th8.htm">www.catholicdoors.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__210" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="210">Mary, they point out, is not divine, and has only such powers to help as are granted to her by God in response to her prayers.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="210"><a href="#citable__210"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is all good and her prayers are “all-powerful” with God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="210"><a href="#citable__210"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They point out that at Zeitoun the Mother of God remained silent.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Apparitions of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/apparitions_of_the_virgin_mary.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="210"><a href="#citable__210"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Jesus was thirty and he started His divine ministry in public, the Virgin Mary’s responsibilities became greater, We heard her saying to him at the marriage ceremony in Cana of Galilee:“they have no wine”.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__110" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="110">Such miracles as may occur through Mary's intercession are ultimately the result of God's love and omnipotence.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In fact, the thousand of miracles that have been granted through the intercession of Mary would never have occurred had it not been the will of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic Doors Ministry - Reflecting on the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicdoors.com/courses/th8.htm">www.catholicdoors.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, the Scripture where God, through Gabriel, calls Mary “full of grace” (Lk 1:28; in Greek, kecharitomene ).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The conception of Christ had to occur solely and entirely by a miracle of God in order to be a perfect virgin conception.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__234" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="234">Traditionally, Catholic theologians have distinguished three forms of honor: <em><a href="/Latria" title="Latria">latria</a></em>, due only to God, and usually translated by the English word <em>adoration</em>; <em><a href="/Hyperdulia" title="Hyperdulia" class="mw-redirect">hyperdulia</a></em>, accorded only to the Blessed Virgin Mary, usually translated simply as <em>veneration</em>; and <em><a href="/Dulia" title="Dulia" class="mw-redirect">dulia</a></em>, accorded to the rest of the saints, also usually translated as <em>veneration</em>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="234"><a href="#citable__234"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Blessed Virgin Mary is important to Catholics because the Bible says she is important to God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20061206213053AAa5vFF">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="234"><a href="#citable__234"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Blessed Virgin Mary " is a title commonly used by Catholic Christians.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother (Luke 1:26-45) -- Christmas Incarnation</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuswalk.com/christmas-incarnation/virgin-mother.htm">www.jesuswalk.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="234"><a href="#citable__234"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Evangelicals understand that the Catholic Church does not equate adoration of God ( latria ) and veneration for Mary ( hyperdoulia ).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The Orthodox distinguish between worship and veneration but do not use the "hyper"-veneration terminology when speaking of the Theotokos. Protestants tend to consider "dulia" too similar to "latria".</div> <div class="thumb tleft"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/1/6/1/08609863376712183.jpg" width="220" height="292" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <a name="citable__250" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="250"><div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Gabriel_(archangel)" title="Gabriel (archangel)" class="mw-redirect">Gabriel</a> making the <a href="/Annunciation" title="Annunciation">Annunciation</a> to Mary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>O Holy Mary, Mother of our Saviour, in this meditation we have now suddenly passed from the Joyful Mysteries to the Sorrowful, from Gabriel's Annunciation to thee, to the Seven Dolours.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Painting by <a href="/El_Greco" title="El Greco">El Greco</a> (1575)</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__133" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="133">The surge in the veneration of Mary in the High Middle Ages owes some of its initial impetus to <a href="/Bernard_of_Clairvaux" title="Bernard of Clairvaux">Bernard of Clairvaux</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The principal theological development concerning Mary in the Middle Ages was the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The idea that Mary was conceived without original sin was rejected by Augustine, Bernard of Clairvaux, and Thomas Aquinas, among other notable teachers of the Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During the Middle Ages, Arnold of Chartres (1160) clearly speaks of her cooperation in Redemption: "(Christ and Mary) together accomplished the task of man's Redemption....</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Blessed Virgin Mary: Unique Cooperator in the Redemption</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fifthmariandogma.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=261:blessed-virgin-mary-unique-cooperator-in-the-redemption&catid=109:cardinals-and-bishops&Itemid=579">www.fifthmariandogma.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__113" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="113">Bernard expanded upon <a href="/Anselm_of_Canterbury" title="Anselm of Canterbury">Anselm of Canterbury</a>'s role in transmuting the sacramental ritual Christianity of the Early Middle Ages into a new, more personally held, faith, with the life of Christ as a model and a new emphasis on the Virgin Mary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the model of faith.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20061206213053AAa5vFF">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary was the supreme model of faith.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic Doors Ministry - Reflecting on the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicdoors.com/courses/th8.htm">www.catholicdoors.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Early Christian views of Mary .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__7" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="7">In opposition to the rationalist approach to divine understanding that the schoolmen adopted, Bernard preached an immediate faith, in which the intercessor was the Virgin Mary; "the Virgin that is the royal way, by which the Savior comes to us."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="7"><a href="#citable__7"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Now this was a bold act of faith on the virgin Mary's part.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="7"><a href="#citable__7"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>O Mary Immaculate O Mary Immaculate, Virgin so fair Mother of Our Savior, please hear my prayer Intercede, dearest Mother to your heavenly son.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marypages.com/PrayerstoMary.htm">www.marypages.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="7"><a href="#citable__7"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Trusting in the Lord's promise, the Virgin Mary conceived a child, and remaining a virgin, she gave birth to the Savior.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__202" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="202">Bernard played the leading role in the development of the Virgin cult, which is one of the most important manifestations of the popular piety of the 12th century.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="202"><a href="#citable__202"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Church has done an astonishing sublime deed in transforming these pagan and sensual rites into the cult of the Most Pure Virgin !</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="202"><a href="#citable__202"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One of the very most popular shrines in the Middle Ages, located in Norfolk, England.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="202"><a href="#citable__202"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>My trip to Elsa was a bust, though I suspect my search for the Shrine of the Virgin Mary on a Camaro could be one of the stories most told after the trip is over.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary | Round America</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blog.roundamerica.com/?tag=virgin-mary">blog.roundamerica.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__102" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="102">In early medieval thought the Virgin Mary had played a minor role, and it was only with the rise of emotional Christianity in the 11th century that she became the prime intercessor for humanity with the deity.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="102"><a href="#citable__102"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Early Christian writings from the first centuries .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Perpetual Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/mary_perpetual_virgin.htm">www.davidmacd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="102"><a href="#citable__102"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Early Christians of the first centuries also had this take on Mary's virginity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Perpetual Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/mary_perpetual_virgin.htm">www.davidmacd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="102"><a href="#citable__102"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God our Father, your Word became man and was born of the Virgin Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> (Cantor 1993 p 341)</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__209" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="209">The major figures of the Reformation honored Mary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Reformed tradition is more reticent, yet both Zwingli and Bullinger joined in the Hail Mary, full of grace not as a prayer to Mary but as an expression of praise in honor of her.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the graves of the early Christians, the saints figured as intercessors for their souls, and among these saints Mary always held the place of honor.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__145" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="145">Martin Luther said Mary is "the highest woman", that "we can never honour her enough", that "the veneration of Mary is inscribed in the very depths of the human heart", and that Christians should "wish that everyone know and respect her". John Calvin said, "It cannot be denied that God in choosing and destining Mary to be the Mother of his Son, granted her the highest honor."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="145"><a href="#citable__145"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, Mother of God, we salute you.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="145"><a href="#citable__145"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God honored her above all creatures by making her the mother of His Son.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary? - Yahoo! Answers</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20061206213053AAa5vFF">answers.yahoo.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="145"><a href="#citable__145"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesus is God Mary is the mother of Jesus Mary is the mother of God .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__227" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="227">Zwingli said, "I esteem immensely the Mother of God", and, "The more the honor and love of Christ increases among men, so much the esteem and honor given to Mary should grow". Thus the idea of respect and high honour was not rejected by the first Protestants; but they criticized the Catholics for blurring the line, between high admiration of the grace of God wherever it is seen in a human being, and religious service given to another creature.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="227"><a href="#citable__227"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, Mother of God, we salute you.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="227"><a href="#citable__227"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Do some Catholics cross the line between honoring Mary as spiritual Mother and "Mariolatry"?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="227"><a href="#citable__227"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary's cousin, Elizabeth, was the first to proclaim that Mary was the Mother of God .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Catholic Doors Ministry - Reflecting on the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicdoors.com/courses/th8.htm">www.catholicdoors.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__253" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="253">The medieval Catholic practices of celebrating saints' days, making intercessory requests addressed to Mary and other departed saints, petitioning Mary for grace and protection, and various cultic elements such as the bearing of scapulars they have always considered to be <a href="/Idolatry" title="Idolatry">idolatry</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="253"><a href="#citable__253"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The saints are not the Catholic Magisterium, and the Church dogmatically decrees that we are not bound by their interpretation of Scripture unless they are unanimous.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="253"><a href="#citable__253"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And, to this day, Christ continues to obey His own commandment by allowing Mary to be our mediatrix, the dispenser of His graces and to share in His omniscience to hear the millions of daily prayers addressed to her.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="253"><a href="#citable__253"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Furthermore, notice what one Catholic saint indicated that the followers of Mary will do: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__51" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="51">Protestantism usually follows the reformers in rejecting the practice of directly addressing Mary and other saints in prayers of admiration or petition, as part of their religious worship of God.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="51"><a href="#citable__51"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was a common practice in the church to celebrate commemorations of saints and martyrs after their departure to heavenly abodes following the termination of their spiritual struggle on earth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="51"><a href="#citable__51"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some other faiths contend that Catholics worship Mary, or at the very least, give too much attention to Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Medjugorje FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.medjugorje.org/faq.htm">www.medjugorje.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="51"><a href="#citable__51"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The applicability of this passage to Mary is based on the following considerations: At least part of the verses refer to the mother whose son is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron; according to Psalm 2:9 , this is the Son of God , Jesus Christ , Whose mother is Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__218" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="218">Protestants do not call the respect or honor that they may have for Mary <em>veneration</em> because of the special religious significance that this term has in the Catholic practice.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="218"><a href="#citable__218"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Generally speaking, Protestants honor Mary, but do not venerate her like Catholics do.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="218"><a href="#citable__218"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I know that Catholics do not, but to call Mary the Mother of God is to call Mary a goddess, because God's mother existed before God did (hence the label, mother).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="218"><a href="#citable__218"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Conclusion No one will suspect the early Christians of idolatry , as if they had paid supreme worship to Mary's pictures or name ; but how are we to explain the phenomena enumerated, unless we suppose that the early Christians venerated Mary in a special way?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__137" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="137">Following the Magnificat in the <a href="/Gospel_of_Luke" title="Gospel of Luke">Gospel of Luke</a>, Protestants have always acknowledged that Mary is "blessed among women,"<span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Lk%201:42;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Lk 1:42</a>]</sup></span> but they do not agree that Mary is to be given cultic veneration.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="137"><a href="#citable__137"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lk 1:28 Blessed are you among women.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="137"><a href="#citable__137"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They spoke, as described in the Gospel of Luke (Lk 1:2638).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="137"><a href="#citable__137"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>However, it was Marys free will that always conformed fully, to the Will of God, Her Creator that permitted God to choose her from all women throughout All of Creation for the Singular honor.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin: Mary conceived without sin are those words in the bible? - Catholic Answers Forums</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://forums.catholic.com/showthread.php?t=280393">forums.catholic.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__95" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="95">She is considered to be an outstanding example of a life dedicated to God.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was the first who decided to dedicate Her whole life to God and who showed that voluntary virginity is higher than wedded life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Blessed </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/mary.htm">www.fatheralexander.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By meditation upon the incarnation, our devotion is kindled, and by remembering the example of God's Mother, we are encouraged to lead a life of virtue.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>May God bless whoever intercedes with the Virgin Mary and whoever sets her holy life, as a good example.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__125" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="125">Indeed the word that she uses to describe herself in <span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Luke%201:38;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Luke 1:38</a></span> (usually translated as "bond-servant" or "slave")<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_29" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-29"><span>[</span>30<span>]</span></a></sup> refers to someone whose will is consumed by the will of another–in this case Mary's will is consumed by God's.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Indeed, in the Magnificat, Mary glorified not herself but God alone.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Do Whatever He Tells You: The Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian Faith and Life | First Things</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstthings.com/article/2009/10/do-whatever-he-tells-you-the-blessed-virgin-mary-in-christian-faith-and-life">www.firstthings.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Observe also what Mary herself, who had replied to Gabriel with the words, "How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary2.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God had resolved to build another temple whose dignity would far surpass that of His ancient dwelling.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__108" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="108">Rather than granting Mary any kind of "dulia", Protestants note that her role in scripture seems to diminish – after the birth of Jesus she is hardly mentioned.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="108"><a href="#citable__108"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Did Jesus diminish Mary?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="108"><a href="#citable__108"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The births of both Jesus and Mary were Virgin Births.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="108"><a href="#citable__108"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary before the Birth of Jesus Christ .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__52" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="52">From this it may be said that her attitude paralleled that of John the Baptist who said "He must become greater; I must become less."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="52"><a href="#citable__52"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Is John the Baptist greater than Mary?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="52"><a href="#citable__52"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John the Baptist is greater than Jesus?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="52"><a href="#citable__52"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For the attitude of the Churches of Asia Minor and of Lyons we may appeal to the words of St. Irenteus, a pupil of St. John's disciple Polycarp (adv.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="plainlinks"><span style="color: #0000CD"><sup>[<a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=John%203:30;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">John 3:30</a>]</sup></span></span></span></div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Roman_Catholic_view">Roman Catholic view</span></h3> <div class="rellink boilerplate seealso">See also: <a href="/Marian_doctrines_of_the_Catholic_Church" title="Marian doctrines of the Catholic Church">Marian doctrines of the Catholic Church</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/2/5/4/97633663523050777.jpg" width="220" height="293" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Statue of Santa Maria Assunta, in <a href="/Attard" title="Attard">Attard</a>, <a href="/Malta" title="Malta">Malta</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/1/5/4/74050252719440235.jpg" width="220" height="254" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <em><a href="/Mother_of_Sorrows" title="Mother of Sorrows" class="mw-redirect">Mother of Sorrows</a></em> by <a href="/Carlo_Dolci" title="Carlo Dolci">Carlo Dolci</a>, 1670</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__1" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="1">The "<a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Blessed Virgin Mary">Blessed Virgin Mary</a>", sometimes shortened to "The Blessed Virgin" or "The Virgin Mary" is a traditional title specifically used by <a href="/Roman_Catholic" title="Roman Catholic" class="mw-redirect">Roman Catholics</a>, <a href="/Anglicanism" title="Anglicanism">Anglicans</a>, <a href="/Eastern_Orthodox" title="Eastern Orthodox" class="mw-redirect">Eastern Orthodox</a> and <a href="/Eastern_Catholics" title="Eastern Catholics" class="mw-redirect">Eastern Catholics</a>, and some others to describe Mary, the mother of <a href="/Jesus_Christ" title="Jesus Christ" class="mw-redirect">Jesus Christ</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="1"><a href="#citable__1"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Next to Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary, no other human being is perfect in virginity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="1"><a href="#citable__1"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of the PERSON, Jesus Christ, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="1"><a href="#citable__1"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Both Jesus and Mary had mothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__35" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="35">The belief in the corporeal assumption of Mary was formally declared to be dogma by <a href="/Pope_Pius_XII" title="Pope Pius XII">Pope Pius XII</a> in 1950. Pope Pius XII states in <em><a href="/Munificentissimus_Deus" title="Munificentissimus Deus">Munificentissimus Deus</a></em>: "We pronounce, declare, and define it to be a divinely revealed dogma: that the Immaculate Mother of God, the ever Virgin Mary, having completed the course of her earthly life, was assumed body and soul into heavenly glory.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="35"><a href="#citable__35"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"This Virgin Mother of the Only-begotten of God, is called Mary, worthy of God, immaculate of the immaculate, one of the one."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="35"><a href="#citable__35"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, Mother of God, we salute you.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="35"><a href="#citable__35"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary's assumption into heaven .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__84" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="84">Hence if anyone, which God forbid, should dare willfully to deny or to call into doubt that which we have defined, let him know that he has fallen away completely from the divine and Catholic Faith."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="84"><a href="#citable__84"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I told him he should post them on his blog and then let us know.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Sightings « </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://redravine.wordpress.com/2008/05/03/virgin-mary-sightings/">redravine.wordpress.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="84"><a href="#citable__84"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Catholics think God wanted it that way and let them know that that was his will from the outset.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary's Perpetual Virginity</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/mary_perpetual_virgin.htm">www.davidmacd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="84"><a href="#citable__84"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I shall call you the Mother of God and let contenders, who dare argue and investigate about the mystery of your son, hallelujah, be ashamed and let the one who attempts to fathom this mystery be Anathema”.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> This is an example of an invocation of <a href="/Papal_infallibility" title="Papal infallibility">papal infallibility</a>.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__175" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="175">The dogma does not state if Mary's <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">assumption</a> occurred before or after any physical death.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="175"><a href="#citable__175"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Bible does not state that Mary is all-powerful, that people should have faith in her power, or that she is the sign of the Living God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="175"><a href="#citable__175"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As to Benedict XIV, this great pontiff is not so emphatic about Mary's death and burial in Ephesus, when he speaks about her Assumption in heaven.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="175"><a href="#citable__175"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Immaculate Conception was proclaimed as dogma a few years before the Lourdes apparitions, in which Mary declared "I am the Immaculate Conception."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> As stated by <a href="/Ludwig_Ott" title="Ludwig Ott">Ludwig Ott</a> (Bk. III, Pt. 3, Ch. <a name="citable__148" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="148">2, §6) "the fact of her death is almost generally accepted by the Fathers and Theologians, and is expressly affirmed in the Liturgy of the Church", to which he adduces a number of helpful citations, and concludes that "for Mary, death, in consequence of her freedom from original sin and from personal sin, was not a consequence of punishment of sin.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="148"><a href="#citable__148"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thus, all persons who are free from original sin are created entirely and solely by a miracle of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="148"><a href="#citable__148"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This doctrine, defended and preached by the Franciscan friars under the inspiration of the 13th-century Scottish theologian John Duns Scotus, maintains that Mary was conceived without original sin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="148"><a href="#citable__148"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary the Ark of the New Covenant is even more immaculate and undefiled, spared by God from original sin so that she could bear His eternal Word in her womb.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__115" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="115">However, it seems fitting that Mary's body, which was by nature mortal, should be, in conformity with that of her Divine Son, subject to the general law of death."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Just like her divine Son, however, she was subject to the law of effort.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Indeed, Mary formed His divine body in her immaculate womb.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary wishes to save her friends from the shame of not being able to provide properly for the guests, and has recourse to her Divine Son.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__182" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="182">In keeping with the historical consensus of the Church, Pius XII himself almost certainly rejected the notion of Mary's "immortality" (the idea that she never suffered death), preferring the more widely accepted understanding that her assumption took place <em>after</em> her physical death.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="182"><a href="#citable__182"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It places the death of Mary on Mt.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title> Mary, The Blessed Virgin - Original Catholic Encyclopedia </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://oce.catholic.com/index.php?title=Mary%2C_The_Blessed_Virgin">oce.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="182"><a href="#citable__182"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This work was written prior to the 1950 dogmatic definition of the Assumption, in which Pope Pius XII carefully avoided defining whether the Blessed Virgin experienced a true death or simply a dormition.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="182"><a href="#citable__182"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some persons claim that the Birth of Christ took place mostly in the usual way, but with a miracle to preserve Marys virginity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The Feast of the Assumption is celebrated on August 15.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__83" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="83">In a less dogmatic context, the Roman Catholic tradition also has a more pronounced emphasis on <a href="/Acts_of_Reparation_to_the_Virgin_Mary" title="Acts of Reparation to the Virgin Mary">Acts of Reparation</a> and the <a href="/Sorrows_of_Mary" title="Sorrows of Mary" class="mw-redirect">Sorrows of Mary</a> and a number of prayers for this purpose appear in the official <a href="/Raccolta" title="Raccolta">Raccolta</a> Catholic prayer book.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="83"><a href="#citable__83"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our foundation has the objective to develop, expand and maintain the Marypages website to promote the Roman Catholic belief and especially the Devotion of Our Blessed Mother, Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marypages.com/PrayerstoMary.htm">www.marypages.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="83"><a href="#citable__83"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If Mr. Blackaby believes in the Catholic Churchs dogmatic pronouncements regarding the Trinity and the canon of Scripture, why doesnt he believe her pronouncements about Mary?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="83"><a href="#citable__83"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Catholics sing the praises of Mary, the Queen of Heaven, they are not worshipping some pagan "queen of heaven" or worshipping her as God any more than Protestants worship a pagan king by referring to the "King of Kings."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Eastern_Orthodox_view">Eastern Orthodox view</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__56" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="56">In the Eastern Orthodox, Eastern Catholic and Oriental Orthodox traditions, the Ever-Virgin Mary, the Theotokos, died, after having lived a holy life.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="56"><a href="#citable__56"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Wherefore, although Solomon spoke the aforesaid words of Wisdom, nevertheless the Holy Spirit, by a mystical application, intends them to be understood of the most excellent Virgin Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE PSALTER OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.franciscan-sfo.org/ap/bona/PSALTER.htm">www.franciscan-sfo.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="56"><a href="#citable__56"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>How greatly appealing the discourse about the Mother of God, the Holy Virgin Mary is!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="56"><a href="#citable__56"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You are our redeemer, who made the immaculate Virgin Mary your purest home and the sanctuary of the Holy Spirit, make us temples of your Spirit for ever.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__189" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="189">Eastern Orthodox do not believe in the immaculate conception, with the exception of some <a href="/Old_Believers" title="Old Believers">Old Believers</a>, on the contrary believing that she was the best example of a human lifestyle.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="189"><a href="#citable__189"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She apparently believed that she had never willed to do anything wrong in her life, and she also believed that she had never [previously] heard the words "Immaculate Conception."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Apparitions of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/apparitions_of_the_virgin_mary.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="189"><a href="#citable__189"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, God acted to purify a part of humanity in order to build the temple of Christs body.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="189"><a href="#citable__189"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And even the Eastern Orthodox saint Basil, who was himself was a believer in the perpetual virginity of "the Theotokos" (a term Orthodox often use for Mary) wrote that: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The surviving apostles were present at and conducted her funeral. However Thomas was delayed and arrived a few days later. <a name="citable__100" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="100">He said that he would not believe this had happened unless he saw the body of Mary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="100"><a href="#citable__100"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Gregory of Nazianzus (329-389+) said: “Whoever does not believe that Holy Mary is the Mother of God (Theotokos) shall be a stranger in God’s eyes”.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="100"><a href="#citable__100"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As sad as it was, I believe seeing what I saw today would be humbling and beneficial to others.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary | Round America</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blog.roundamerica.com/?tag=virgin-mary">blog.roundamerica.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="100"><a href="#citable__100"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the Protoevangelium of James , Mary is said to have an actual virgin birth , in which the baby Jesus is born without any change to Mary ’s body.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary Was a Virgin - Jesus Police Website</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuspolice.com/common_error.php?id=7">www.jesuspolice.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__32" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="32">Peter expressed dismay that Thomas continued to doubt what the other apostles told him.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="32"><a href="#citable__32"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For him the scene disappeared, while the others continued to see it and marvel.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Apparitions of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/apparitions_of_the_virgin_mary.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="32"><a href="#citable__32"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Paul the Apostle also is at one with them, and witnesses to their historical accuracy, "And I went up by revelation, but other of the apostles saw I none, save Peter and James the Lord's brother."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary2.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="32"><a href="#citable__32"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And, when the time of persecution was over, they paid still more attention to the bodies of the Saints, as of St. Stephen, St. Mark, St. Barnabas, St. Peter, St. Paul, and other Apostles and Martyrs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__260" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="260">Upon opening the tomb, Thomas revealed that he had witnessed the absent body of the Theotokos being taken to heaven by angels.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="260"><a href="#citable__260"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A.D. 676): St. Juvenal, Bishop of Jerusalem, at the Council of Chalcedon (A.D. 451), made known to the Emperor Marcian and Pulcheria, who wished to possess the body of the Mother of God, that Mary died in the presence of all the Apostles, but that her tomb, when opened, upon the request of St. Thomas, was found empty; wherefrom the Apostles concluded that the body was taken up to heaven.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="260"><a href="#citable__260"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At the same moment the heavens above them opened, and I saw the joy of the Most Holy Trinity and of the angels over the Conception of Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="260"><a href="#citable__260"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Juvenal, Bishop of Jerusalem, at the Council of Chalcedon (451), made known to the Emperor Marcian and Pulcheria, who wished to possess the body of the Mother of God, that Mary died in the presence of all the Apostles, but that her tomb, when opened upon the request of St. Thomas, was found empty; wherefrom the Apostles concluded that the body was taken up to heaven."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__47" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="47">While many Orthodox Christians believe this to be true, the Orthodox have never formally made it a doctrine.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="47"><a href="#citable__47"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some Catholics believe she was assumed into Heaven while still alive; this may be safely believed as the Church has never made any solemn definitions on the matter.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="47"><a href="#citable__47"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Orthodox Christians believe that the brothers and sisters of Jesus listed in the Gospels are Joseph's children from a previous marriage, again based on the Protoevangelium of James.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="47"><a href="#citable__47"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These Marian doctrines are not "non-Scriptural" as many non-Catholic Christians seem to believe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catscans.com/catholicsite/mary.htm">www.catscans.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> It remains a holy mystery. <a name="citable__157" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="157">The Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholics celebrate this event on August 15. The Oriental Orthodox celebrate it on August 22. The feast day of the <em><a href="/Dormition" title="Dormition" class="mw-redirect">Dormition</a></em> ("falling asleep") of the Theotokos is preceded by a two week fasting period.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is preceded by a two-week fast from meat, dairy and oil.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is considered by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican churches to be a saint, with a feast day of July 22.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This event is celebrated on August 15 ( August 28 Old Style ) as the Feast of the Dormition of the Mother of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Anglican_view">Anglican view</span></h3> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/1/8/8/847543763542579.jpg" width="220" height="353" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Assumption statue, 1808 by <a href="/Mariano_Gerada" title="Mariano Gerada">Mariano Gerada</a>, <a href="/Ghaxaq" title="Ghaxaq" class="mw-redirect">Ghaxaq</a>, <a href="/Malta" title="Malta">Malta</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__160" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="160">Mary's special position within God's purpose of salvation as "God bearer" (theotokos) is recognised in a number of ways by some Anglican Christians.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="160"><a href="#citable__160"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is a special instrument in God's plan.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Medjugorje FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.medjugorje.org/faq.htm">www.medjugorje.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="160"><a href="#citable__160"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Conclusion No one will suspect the early Christians of idolatry , as if they had paid supreme worship to Mary's pictures or name ; but how are we to explain the phenomena enumerated, unless we suppose that the early Christians venerated Mary in a special way?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="160"><a href="#citable__160"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Catholics sing the praises of Mary, the Queen of Heaven, they are not worshipping some pagan "queen of heaven" or worshipping her as God any more than Protestants worship a pagan king by referring to the "King of Kings."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__6" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="6">The Church affirms in the historic creeds that Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary, and celebrates the feast days of the <a href="/Presentation_of_Christ_in_the_Temple" title="Presentation of Christ in the Temple" class="mw-redirect">Presentation of Christ in the Temple</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="6"><a href="#citable__6"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The births of both Jesus and Mary were Virgin Births.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="6"><a href="#citable__6"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The conception and birth of the Virgin Mary and the conception and birth of Jesus Christ were each fully miraculous and fully virginal.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="6"><a href="#citable__6"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesus Christ is perfect in Virginity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__63" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="63">This feast is called in older <a href="/Book_of_Common_Prayer" title="Book of Common Prayer">prayer books</a> the <a href="/Purification_of_the_Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary" class="mw-redirect">Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary</a> on 2 February.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Virgin Mary is, likewise, called.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>DSC_5306 Image in color of what appears to be shadow like images of the Blessed Virgin Mary (and the Holy Family) appearing on the cloth upon the altar of the Holy Eucharist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"This Virgin Mother of the Only-begotten of God, is called Mary, worthy of God, immaculate of the immaculate, one of the one."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__198" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="198">The <a href="/Annunciation" title="Annunciation">Annunciation</a> of our Lord to the Blessed Virgin on March 25 was from before the time of <a href="/Bede" title="Bede">Bede</a> until the 18th century New Year's Day in England.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="198"><a href="#citable__198"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Who is the flower but our Blessed Lord?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="198"><a href="#citable__198"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>My soul, bless thou the Lord, because the Lord our God hath delivered Jerusalem his city from all her troubles.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="198"><a href="#citable__198"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Later, as we lay in our warm beds, the New Year was welcomed in by more hardy individuals who noisily braved the Arctic conditions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Blessed Virgin Mary's Bower</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://blessedvirginmarysbower.blogspot.com/">blessedvirginmarysbower.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__57" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="57">The Annunciation is called the "Annunciation of <a href="/Our_Lady" title="Our Lady">our Lady</a>" in the 1662 <a href="/Book_of_Common_Prayer" title="Book of Common Prayer">Book of Common Prayer</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Spanish prayers to Our Lady of Guadeloupe .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I believe Our Lady is calling us to Her Son in all ways possible.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ever since seeing Our Lady of Guadalupe on the back of an Astro Van some 20 years ago, I've been calling her the "Vagina Mary."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Best Virgin Mary sighting yet : Pharyngula</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2009/07/best_virgin_mary_sighting_yet.php">scienceblogs.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__119" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="119">Anglicans also celebrate in the <a href="/Visitation_(Christian)" title="Visitation (Christian)" class="mw-redirect">Visitation of the Blessed Virgin</a> on May 31, though in some provinces the traditional date of July 2 is kept.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="119"><a href="#citable__119"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But if all this be so, if it is really the Blessed Virgin whom Scripture represents as clothed with the sun, crowned with the stars of heaven, and with the moon as her footstool, what height of glory may we not attribute to her?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="119"><a href="#citable__119"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>PSALM 31 Blessed are they whose hearts love thee, O Virgin Mary: their sins will be mercifully washed away by thee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE PSALTER OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.franciscan-sfo.org/ap/bona/PSALTER.htm">www.franciscan-sfo.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="119"><a href="#citable__119"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And this is the full meaning of St. Elizabeth's words, when the Blessed Virgin came to visit her, which we use in the Hail Mary: "Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The feast of the St. Mary the Virgin is observed on the traditional day of the Assumption, August 15. The <a href="/Nativity_of_the_Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary" class="mw-redirect">Nativity</a> of the Blessed Virgin is kept on September 8.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__287" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="287">The Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary is kept in the 1662 Book of Common Prayer, on December 8. In certain <a href="/Anglo-Catholic" title="Anglo-Catholic" class="mw-redirect">Anglo-Catholic</a> parishes this feast is called the <a href="/Immaculate_Conception" title="Immaculate Conception">Immaculate Conception</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Virgin Mary studied the books of Divine inspiration and kept the law.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Unlike Catholics, they do not believe in the Immaculate Conception of Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary occurred in a manner which was wholly virginal and miraculous.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__192" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="192">Again, the <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">Assumption of Mary</a> is believed in by most Anglo-Catholics, but is considered a <a href="/Pious" title="Pious" class="mw-redirect">pious</a> opinion by moderate Anglicans.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="192"><a href="#citable__192"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Although we in the Living Church of God believe that Mary, like all others who have lived and died, is awaiting the resurrection from the dead , many Catholics believe she lives and intercedes for them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="192"><a href="#citable__192"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is considered by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican churches to be a saint, with a feast day of July 22.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="192"><a href="#citable__192"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And, I believe that the final pope will have a lot of demon-influence, and hence could be considered as an antipope--but I base this upon a variety of scriptures, however, and not any apparition claiming to be Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Protestant minded Anglicans reject the celebration of these feasts.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__196" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="196">Prayer with the Blessed Virgin Mary varies according to <a href="/Churchmanship" title="Churchmanship">churchmanship</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>DSC_5306 Image in color of what appears to be shadow like images of the Blessed Virgin Mary (and the Holy Family) appearing on the cloth upon the altar of the Holy Eucharist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>DSC_5301 Image in color of what appear to be shadow like images of the Blessed Virgin Mary (and the Holy Family) appearing on the cloth upon the altar of the Holy Eucharist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Marys perfect Virginity is without omission, lacking in nothing, containing everything according to the will of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__275" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="275"><a href="/Low_Church" title="Low Church" class="mw-redirect">Low Church</a> Anglicans rarely invoke the Blessed Virgin except in certain hymns, such as the second stanza of <a href="/Ye_Watchers_and_Ye_Holy_Ones" title="Ye Watchers and Ye Holy Ones">Ye Watchers and Ye Holy Ones</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="275"><a href="#citable__275"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>DSC_5306 Image in color of what appears to be shadow like images of the Blessed Virgin Mary (and the Holy Family) appearing on the cloth upon the altar of the Holy Eucharist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="275"><a href="#citable__275"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>DSC_5301 Image in color of what appear to be shadow like images of the Blessed Virgin Mary (and the Holy Family) appearing on the cloth upon the altar of the Holy Eucharist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="275"><a href="#citable__275"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Do not think such progress in virtue was easy for the Blessed Virgin!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__223" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="223">Following the 19th century <a href="/Oxford_Movement" title="Oxford Movement">Oxford Movement</a>, <a href="/Anglo-Catholic" title="Anglo-Catholic" class="mw-redirect">Anglo-Catholics</a> frequently pray the <a href="/Rosary" title="Rosary">rosary</a>, the <a href="/Angelus" title="Angelus">Angelus</a>, <a href="/Regina_Caeli" title="Regina Caeli" class="mw-redirect">Regina Caeli</a>, and other litanies and anthems of Our Lady.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="223"><a href="#citable__223"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our Lady of the Guano, pray for us.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Best Virgin Mary sighting yet : Pharyngula</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2009/07/best_virgin_mary_sighting_yet.php">scienceblogs.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="223"><a href="#citable__223"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Catholic Faith believes that Our Lady is mediatrix of all graces and her role has always been to lead people to her Son Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Medjugorje FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.medjugorje.org/faq.htm">www.medjugorje.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="223"><a href="#citable__223"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The secret section of the prophecy of Our Lady of the Rosary was leaked by Pope John XXIII to certain Roman Catholic officials and world leaders of the USA, USSR, and Britain.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary -- Marian Apparitions & Prophecies</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.rexresearch.com/mary/maryapps.htm">www.rexresearch.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The Anglican <a href="/Society_of_Mary_(Anglican)" title="Society of Mary (Anglican)">Society of Mary</a> maintains chapters in many countries. The purpose of the society is to foster devotion to Mary among Anglicans.</div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Joint_Anglican_Roman_Catholic_document">Joint Anglican-Roman Catholic document</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__290" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="290">On May 16, 2005, the Roman Catholic and <a href="/Anglican" title="Anglican" class="mw-redirect">Anglican</a> churches issued a joint 43-page statement, "<a href="http://www.anglicancommunion.org/acns/articles/39/75/acns3978a.cfm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Mary: Grace and Hope in Christ</a>" (also known as the Seattle Statement) on the role of the Virgin Mary in Christianity as a way to uphold ecumenical cooperation despite differences over other matters.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="290"><a href="#citable__290"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Virgin Mary personifies purity, hope and grace.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary image defaced again - Chicago Breaking News</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.chicagobreakingnews.com/2009/01/virgin-mary-image-defaced-again-cops-say.html">www.chicagobreakingnews.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="290"><a href="#citable__290"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The shrine is currently managed cooperatively by the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="290"><a href="#citable__290"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This is an extrabiblical invention of the Roman Catholic Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary image defaced again - Chicago Breaking News</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.chicagobreakingnews.com/2009/01/virgin-mary-image-defaced-again-cops-say.html">www.chicagobreakingnews.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__62" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="62">The document was released in <a href="/Seattle,_Washington" title="Seattle, Washington" class="mw-redirect">Seattle, Washington</a>, by Alexander Brunett, the local Catholic <a href="/Archbishop" title="Archbishop">Archbishop</a>, and <a href="/Peter_Carnley" title="Peter Carnley">Peter Carnley</a>, Anglican Archbishop of <a href="/Perth,_Western_Australia" title="Perth, Western Australia">Perth, Western Australia</a>, co-chairmen of the <a href="/Anglican%E2%80%94Roman_Catholic_International_Commission" title="Anglican—Roman Catholic International Commission">Anglican—Roman Catholic International Commission</a> (ARCIC).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="62"><a href="#citable__62"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is considered by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican churches to be a saint, with a feast day of July 22.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__130" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="130">The joint document is said to seek a common understanding to help both churches agree on the theological reasoning behind the Catholic dogmas, despite Anglicans not accepting the papal authority that underpins them.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="130"><a href="#citable__130"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The shrine is currently managed cooperatively by the Anglican and Roman Catholic churches.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="130"><a href="#citable__130"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is considered by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican churches to be a saint, with a feast day of July 22.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="130"><a href="#citable__130"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Although there appears to be a painting in the second century that may show Mary (and she was NOT venerated in it), both the Catholics of Rome and the Living Church of God agree that Mary was not originally adored.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__129" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="129">Carnley has reportedly said that Anglican concerns that dogmas about Mary are not provable by scripture would "disappear", with the document discussing that Anglicans would stop opposition to Roman Catholic teachings of the Immaculate Conception (defined in 1854) and the <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">Assumption of Mary</a> (defined in 1950) as being "consonant" with the biblical teachings.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Teachings about Mary .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MaryLinks, Mary Links, Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marylinks.org/">www.marylinks.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This very same document infallibly defines the teaching of the Church about the Immaculate Conception.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And yes, there is Scriptural proof for Mary's Immaculate Conception and Assumption.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Names_and_titles_of_Mary">Names and titles of Mary</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__72" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="72">In the Christian churches, Mary has been bestowed many titles and names.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Principally, it would seem to proclaim the triumph of the Church and above all it would seem to designate the political saviour, referred to in so many prophecies by the popular name of the Grand Monarch.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Well, technically, fundamentalist Christians think the whole virgin Mary veneration by the Catholic church is a form of heresy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Friendly Atheist by @hemantsblog » Virgin Mary Makes an Ironic Appearance</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://friendlyatheist.com/2009/08/09/virgin-mary-makes-an-ironic-appearance/">friendlyatheist.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Although we in the Living Church of God believe that Mary, like all others who have lived and died, is awaiting the resurrection from the dead , many Catholics believe she lives and intercedes for them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother of Jesus, Mary Apparitions</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cogwriter.com/Mary-Mother-of-Jesus.htm">www.cogwriter.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__225" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="225">Of these include: Saint Mary, <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary_(Roman_Catholic)" title="Blessed Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)">Blessed Virgin Mary</a>, Virgin Mary, <a href="/Queen_Mother" title="Queen Mother" class="mw-redirect">Queen Mother</a>, <a href="/Queen_of_Heaven" title="Queen of Heaven">Queen of Heaven</a>, Holy Mary, <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Blessed Virgin Mary">Blessed Virgin</a>, Our Lady, Holy Virgin, Christ Mary, and <a href="/Mother_of_God" title="Mother of God" class="mw-redirect">Mother of God</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="225"><a href="#citable__225"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Next to Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary, no other human being is perfect in virginity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="225"><a href="#citable__225"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>My soul, bless thou the Lord, because the Lord our God hath delivered Jerusalem his city from all her troubles.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="225"><a href="#citable__225"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We fly to your patronage, O holy Mother of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Cinematic_portrayals">Cinematic portrayals</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Mary has been portrayed in various films, including:</div> <ul> <li><a href="/Angela_Clarke" title="Angela Clarke">Angela Clarke</a>, <em><a href="/The_Miracle_of_Our_Lady_of_Fatima" title="The Miracle of Our Lady of Fatima">The Miracle of Our Lady of Fatima</a></em>, 1951</li> <li><a href="/Dorothy_McGuire" title="Dorothy McGuire">Dorothy McGuire</a>, <em><a href="/The_Greatest_Story_Ever_Told" title="The Greatest Story Ever Told">The Greatest Story Ever Told</a></em>, 1965</li> <li><a href="/Keisha_Castle-Hughes" title="Keisha Castle-Hughes">Keisha Castle-Hughes</a>, <em><a href="/The_Nativity_Story" title="The Nativity Story">The Nativity Story</a></em>, 2006</li> <li><a href="/Linda_Darnell" title="Linda Darnell">Linda Darnell</a>, <em><a href="/The_Song_of_Bernadette_(film)" title="The Song of Bernadette (film)">The Song of Bernadette</a></em>, 1943</li> <li><a href="/Maia_Morgenstern" title="Maia Morgenstern">Maia Morgenstern</a>, <em><a href="/The_Passion_of_the_Christ" title="The Passion of the Christ">The Passion of the Christ</a></em>, 2004</li> <li><a href="/Olivia_Hussey" title="Olivia Hussey">Olivia Hussey</a>, <em><a href="/Jesus_of_Nazareth_(miniseries)" title="Jesus of Nazareth (miniseries)">Jesus of Nazareth</a></em>, 1977</li> <li><a href="/Penelope_Wilton" title="Penelope Wilton">Penelope Wilton</a>, <em><a href="/The_Passion_(TV_serial)" title="The Passion (TV serial)">The Passion</a></em>, 2008 (TV)</li> <li><a href="/Pernilla_August" title="Pernilla August">Pernilla August</a>, <em><a href="/Mary,_Mother_of_Jesus_(film)" title="Mary, Mother of Jesus (film)">Mary, Mother of Jesus</a></em>, 1999 (TV)</li> <li><a href="/Shabnam_Gholikhani" title="Shabnam Gholikhani">Shabnam Gholikhani</a>, <em><a href="/Saint_Mary_(Iranian_film)" title="Saint Mary (Iranian film)" class="mw-redirect">Saint Mary</a></em> (Maryam Moghaddas), <em>Iranian director <a href="/Shahriar_Bahrani" title="Shahriar Bahrani">Shahriar Bahrani</a>'s "Saint Mary"</em> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_30" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-30"><span>[</span>31<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_31" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-31"><span>[</span>32<span>]</span></a></sup></li> <li><a href="/Siobh%C3%A1n_McKenna" title="Siobhán McKenna">Siobhán McKenna</a>, <em><a href="/King_of_Kings_(film)" title="King of Kings (film)">King of Kings</a></em>, 1961</li> <li><a href="/Verna_Bloom" title="Verna Bloom">Verna Bloom</a>, <em><a href="/The_Last_Temptation_of_Christ_(film)" title="The Last Temptation of Christ (film)">The Last Temptation of Christ</a></em>, 1988</li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_See_also">See also</span></h2> <table style="text-align:center; float:right; border: 1px solid #aaa; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; background: #f9f9f9; width:17em; padding:0;"> <tr> <th><small>A <a href="/Category:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)" title="Category:Mary (mother of Jesus)">series</a> of articles on</small><br /> <img alt="Mary" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/03/4/0/8/7238919345889298.png" width="200" height="60" /></th> </tr> <tr> <td> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong>mother of <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a></strong><br /> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong>Chronology</strong><br /> <a href="/Presentation_of_Mary" title="Presentation of Mary">Presentation of Mary</a><br /> <a href="/Annunciation" title="Annunciation">Annunciation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Visitation_(Christian)" title="Visitation (Christian)" class="mw-redirect">Visitation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Virgin_birth_of_Jesus" title="Virgin birth of Jesus">Virgin Birth</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Nativity_of_Jesus" title="Nativity of Jesus">Nativity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Presentation_of_Jesus_at_the_Temple" title="Presentation of Jesus at the Temple">Presentation of Jesus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Flight_into_Egypt" title="Flight into Egypt">Flight into Egypt</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Finding_in_the_Temple" title="Finding in the Temple">Finding in the Temple</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Marriage_at_Cana" title="Marriage at Cana">Cana</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Crucifixion_of_Jesus" title="Crucifixion of Jesus">Crucifixion</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Resurrection_of_Jesus" title="Resurrection of Jesus">Resurrection</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pentecost" title="Pentecost">Pentecost</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong><a href="/Mariology" title="Mariology">Marian Perspectives</a></strong><br /> <a href="/Anglican_Marian_theology" title="Anglican Marian theology">Anglican</a> • <a href="/Eastern_Orthodox_theology" title="Eastern Orthodox theology" class="mw-redirect">Eastern Orthodox</a> • <a href="/Islamic_views_on_Mary" title="Islamic views on Mary">Muslim</a> • <a href="/Protestant_views_on_Mary" title="Protestant views on Mary">Protestant</a> • <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary_(Roman_Catholic)" title="Blessed Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)">Roman Catholic</a><br /> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong><a href="/Category:Roman_Catholic_Mariology" title="Category:Roman Catholic Mariology">Catholic Mariology</a></strong><br /> <a href="/Mariology(RC)" title="Mariology(RC)" class="mw-redirect">Mariology</a> • <a href="/History_of_Roman_Catholic_Mariology" title="History of Roman Catholic Mariology">History of Mariology</a> • <a href="/Mariology_of_the_popes" title="Mariology of the popes">Papal teachings</a> • <a href="/Mariology_of_the_saints" title="Mariology of the saints">Mariology of the saints</a><br /> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong><a href="/Marian_doctrines_of_the_Catholic_Church" title="Marian doctrines of the Catholic Church">Dogmas and Doctrines</a></strong><br /> <a href="/Mother_of_God" title="Mother of God" class="mw-redirect">Mother of God</a> • <a href="/Perpetual_virginity" title="Perpetual virginity" class="mw-redirect">Perpetual virginity</a> • <a href="/Immaculate_Conception" title="Immaculate Conception">Immaculate Conception</a> • <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">Assumption</a><br /> </div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong>Mary in Culture</strong><br /> <a href="/Roman_Catholic_Marian_art" title="Roman Catholic Marian art" class="mw-redirect">Art</a> • <a href="/Marian_feast_days" title="Marian feast days">Feasts</a> • <a href="/Roman_Catholic_Marian_music" title="Roman Catholic Marian music">Music</a> • <a href="/Titles_of_Mary" title="Titles of Mary">Titles</a><br /> </div> <center> <div class="noprint plainlinks navbar" style="background:none; padding:0; font-weight:normal;; font-size:xx-small;">This box: <span title="View this template" style="">view</span> <span style="font-size:80%;">•</span> <span title="Discuss this template" style="">talk</span> <span style="font-size:80%;">•</span> <span title="Edit this template" style=";">edit</span></div> </center> </td> </tr> </table> <ul> <li><a href="/Acts_of_Reparation_to_the_Virgin_Mary" title="Acts of Reparation to the Virgin Mary">Acts of Reparation to the Virgin Mary</a></li> <li><a href="/Anglican_Marian_theology" title="Anglican Marian theology">Anglican Marian theology</a></li> <li><a href="/Anglican_Roman_Catholic_International_Commission" title="Anglican Roman Catholic International Commission" class="mw-redirect">Anglican Roman Catholic International Commission</a></li> <li><a href="/Black_Madonna" title="Black Madonna">Black Madonna</a></li> <li><a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary_(Roman_Catholic)" title="Blessed Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)">Blessed Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)</a></li> <li><a href="/Christian_mythology" title="Christian mythology">Christian mythology</a></li> <li><a href="/Dormition_of_the_Theotokos" title="Dormition of the Theotokos">Dormition of the Theotokos</a></li> <li><a href="/Fleur_de_lys" title="Fleur de lys" class="mw-redirect">Fleur de lys</a></li> <li><a href="/History_of_Roman_Catholic_Mariology" title="History of Roman Catholic Mariology">History of Roman Catholic Mariology</a></li> <li><a href="/Hortus_conclusus" title="Hortus conclusus">Hortus conclusus</a></li> <li><a href="/Immaculate_Heart_of_Mary" title="Immaculate Heart of Mary">Immaculate Heart of Mary</a></li> <li><a href="/Litany_of_the_Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary">Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary</a></li> <li><a href="/Marian_apparition" title="Marian apparition">Marian apparition</a></li> <li><a href="/Madonna_(art)" title="Madonna (art)">Madonna (art)</a></li> <li><a href="/Marian_columns" title="Marian columns" class="mw-redirect">Marian columns</a></li> <li><a href="/Marian_devotions" title="Marian devotions">Marian devotions</a></li> <li><a href="/May_crowning" title="May crowning">May crowning</a></li> <li><a href="/Our_Lady_of_Sorrows" title="Our Lady of Sorrows">Our Lady of Sorrows</a></li> <li><a href="/Panagia" title="Panagia">Panagia</a></li> <li><a href="/Protestant_views_of_Mary" title="Protestant views of Mary" class="mw-redirect">Protestant views of Mary</a></li> <li><a href="/Shrines_to_the_Virgin_Mary" title="Shrines to the Virgin Mary">Shrines to the Virgin Mary</a></li> <li><a href="/Society_of_Mary_(Marianists)" title="Society of Mary (Marianists)">Society of Mary (Marianists)</a></li> <li><a href="/Titles_of_Mary" title="Titles of Mary">Titles of Mary</a></li> <li><a href="/Virgin_Birth_of_Jesus" title="Virgin Birth of Jesus" class="mw-redirect">Virgin Birth of Jesus</a></li> <li><a href="/Virgin_Mary_in_Islam" title="Virgin Mary in Islam" class="mw-redirect">Virgin Mary in Islam</a></li> </ul> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><br style="clear:both" /> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Footnotes">Footnotes</span></h2> <div class="references-small references-column-width" style="-moz-column-width:30em; column-width:30em;"> <ol class="references"> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_0"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10712b.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary"</a>. Newadvent.org. 1911-10-01<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10712b.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10712b.htm</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Feast+of+the+Nativity+of+the+Blessed+Virgin+Mary&rft.atitle=&rft.date=1911-10-01&rft.pub=Newadvent.org&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.newadvent.org%2Fcathen%2F10712b.htm&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_1"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-1">^</a></strong> see "<a href="/Saint" title="Saint">saint</a>"</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_2"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></strong> <span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Matthew%201:23;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Matthew 1:23</a></span> uses Greek <em>parthénos</em> 'virgin', whereas only the Hebrew of <span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Isaiah%207:14;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Isaiah 7:14</a></span>, from which the New Testament ostensibly quotes, has <em>almah</em> 'young maiden'. See article on <em>parthénos</em> in Bauer/(Arndt)/Gingrich/Danker, "A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature", Second Edition, University of Chicago Press, 1979, p. 627.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_3"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></strong> <span class="citation book">Douglas; Hillyer; Bruce (1990). <em>New Bible Dictionary</em>. Inter-varsity Press. p. 746. <a href="/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> 0851106307.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=New+Bible+Dictionary&rft.aulast=Douglas&rft.au=Douglas&rft.au=Hillyer&rft.au=Bruce&rft.date=1990&rft.pages=p.%26nbsp%3B746&rft.pub=Inter-varsity+Press&rft.isbn=0851106307&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_4"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></strong> An event described by Christians as the Annunciation <span class="plainlinks"><a href="http://www.biblegateway.com/bible?passage=Luke%201:35;&version=TNIV;" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Luke 1:35</a></span>.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_5"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-5">^</a></strong> <em>De Obitu S. Dominae</em>, as noted in; Holweck, F. (1907). The Feast of the Assumption. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_6"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-6">^</a></strong> <a href="/Irenaeus" title="Irenaeus">Irenaeus</a>, <em><a href="/On_the_Detection_and_Overthrow_of_the_So-Called_Gnosis" title="On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis">Adversus haereses</a></em> III,1,1; <a href="/Eusebius_of_Caesarea" title="Eusebius of Caesarea">Eusebius of Caesarea</a>, <em>Church History, III,1</em></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_7"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></strong> Joan E. Taylor, <em>Christians and the Holy Places: The Myth of Jewish-Christian Origins</em>, <a href="/Oxford_University_Press" title="Oxford University Press">Oxford University Press</a>, 1993, p. 202, ISBN 0198147856 (<a href="/Google_Scholar" title="Google Scholar">Google Scholar</a>: <a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=KWAXbCNxH6YC" class="external autonumber" rel="nofollow">[1]</a>).</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_8"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.readingislam.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1123996015504&pagename=IslamOnline-English-AAbout_Islam/AskAboutIslamE/AskAboutIslamE" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Mary and Angels"</a>. Readingislam.com. 2002-09-01<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.readingislam.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1123996015504&pagename=IslamOnline-English-AAbout_Islam/AskAboutIslamE/AskAboutIslamE" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.readingislam.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1123996015504&pagename=IslamOnline-English-AAbout_Islam/AskAboutIslamE/AskAboutIslamE</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Mary+and+Angels&rft.atitle=&rft.date=2002-09-01&rft.pub=Readingislam.com&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.readingislam.com%2Fservlet%2FSatellite%3Fcid%3D1123996015504%26pagename%3DIslamOnline-English-AAbout_Islam%2FAskAboutIslamE%2FAskAboutIslamE&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_9"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.catecheticsonline.com/SourcesofDogma2.php" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Denziger §111a"</a>. Catecheticsonline.com<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.catecheticsonline.com/SourcesofDogma2.php" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.catecheticsonline.com/SourcesofDogma2.php</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Denziger+%C2%A7111a&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=Catecheticsonline.com&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.catecheticsonline.com%2FSourcesofDogma2.php&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_10"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-10">^</a></strong> This Rock, December 1998, <a href="http://www.catholic.com/thisrock/1998/9812fea2.asp" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.catholic.com/thisrock/1998/9812fea2.asp</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_11"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.catholicism.org/second-eve.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"The Second Eve"</a>. Catholicism.org. 2005-09-12<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.catholicism.org/second-eve.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.catholicism.org/second-eve.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=The+Second+Eve&rft.atitle=&rft.date=2005-09-12&rft.pub=Catholicism.org&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.catholicism.org%2Fsecond-eve.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_12"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01541c.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Catholic Encyclopedia: The Annunciation"</a>. Newadvent.org. 1907-03-01<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01541c.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01541c.htm</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Catholic+Encyclopedia%3A+The+Annunciation&rft.atitle=&rft.date=1907-03-01&rft.pub=Newadvent.org&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.newadvent.org%2Fcathen%2F01541c.htm&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_13"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Catholic Encyclopedia: The Blessed Virgin Mary"</a>. Newadvent.org. 1912-10-01<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Catholic+Encyclopedia%3A+The+Blessed+Virgin+Mary&rft.atitle=&rft.date=1912-10-01&rft.pub=Newadvent.org&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.newadvent.org%2Fcathen%2F15464b.htm&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_14"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></strong> The Hebrew text is ambiguous as to whether the woman in question is a "young woman" or a "virgin"; Matthew, following the Jewish <a href="/Septuagint" title="Septuagint">Septuagint</a> translation into <a href="/Greek_(language)" title="Greek (language)" class="mw-redirect">Greek</a> gives "virgin" unambiguously.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_15"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-15">^</a></strong> Mariology Society of America <a href="http://www.mariologicalsociety.com" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.mariologicalsociety.com</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_16"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-16">^</a></strong> Centers of Marian Study <a href="http://www.servidimaria.org/en/attualita/promotori2/promotori2.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.servidimaria.org/en/attualita/promotori2/promotori2.htm</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_17"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-17">^</a></strong> Publisher's Notice in the Second Italian Edition (1986), reprinted in English Edition, Gabriel Roschini, O.S.M. (1989). <em>The Virgin Mary in the Writings of Maria Valtorta</em> (English Edition). Kolbe's Publication Inc. ISBN 2-920285-08-4</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_18"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-18">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07674d.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Catholic Encyclopedia: Immaculate Conception"</a>. Newadvent.org<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07674d.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07674d.htm</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Catholic+Encyclopedia%3A+Immaculate+Conception&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=Newadvent.org&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.newadvent.org%2Fcathen%2F07674d.htm&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_19"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-19">^</a></strong> For other Eastern Catholic churches dedicated to the Immaculate Conception in Pennsylvania alone, see <a href="http://artemis.crosslink.net/~hrycak/ch_indx/us-pa.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">The Unofficial Directory of Eastern Catholic Churches in Pennsylvania</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_20"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-20">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://orthodoxwiki.org/Conception_of_the_Theotokos" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Conception of the Theotokos"</a>. Orthodox Wiki. 2009-02-15<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://orthodoxwiki.org/Conception_of_the_Theotokos" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://orthodoxwiki.org/Conception_of_the_Theotokos</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Conception+of+the+Theotokos&rft.atitle=&rft.date=2009-02-15&rft.pub=Orthodox+Wiki&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Forthodoxwiki.org%2FConception_of_the_Theotokos&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_21"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-21">^</a></strong> Timothy Ware, <em>The Orthodox Church</em> (Penguin Books, 1963, ISBN 0-14-020592-6), pp. 263–4.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_22"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-22">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.religioustolerance.org/chr_capr.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Religious Tolerance comparison of Roman Catholic and Protestant beliefs"</a>. Religioustolerance.org<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.religioustolerance.org/chr_capr.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.religioustolerance.org/chr_capr.htm</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Religious+Tolerance+comparison+of+Roman+Catholic+and+Protestant+beliefs&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=Religioustolerance.org&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.religioustolerance.org%2Fchr_capr.htm&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_23"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-23">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://enrichmentjournal.ag.org/200601/200601_118_Finney.cfm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Charles Finney: The Controversial Evangelist"</a>. Enrichmentjournal.ag.org<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://enrichmentjournal.ag.org/200601/200601_118_Finney.cfm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://enrichmentjournal.ag.org/200601/200601_118_Finney.cfm</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Charles+Finney%3A+The+Controversial+Evangelist&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=Enrichmentjournal.ag.org&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fenrichmentjournal.ag.org%2F200601%2F200601_118_Finney.cfm&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_24"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-24">^</a></strong> Also see: <em>Illegitimacy of Jesus: A Feminist Theological Interpretation of the Infancy Narratives</em> (Biblical Seminar Series, No 28), Jane Schaberg, ISBN 1-85075-533-7.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_25"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-25">^</a></strong> <em>Catechism of the Catholic Church</em> §499</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_26"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-26">^</a></strong> Revue biblique, 1895, pp. 173–183</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_27"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-27">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_const_19641121_lumen-gentium_en.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Dogmatic Constitution on the Church - Lumen Gentium"</a>. Vatican.va<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_const_19641121_lumen-gentium_en.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_const_19641121_lumen-gentium_en.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Dogmatic+Constitution+on+the+Church+-+Lumen+Gentium&rft.atitle=&rft.pub=Vatican.va&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.vatican.va%2Farchive%2Fhist_councils%2Fii_vatican_council%2Fdocuments%2Fvat-ii_const_19641121_lumen-gentium_en.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_28"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-28">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=conflation" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Conflation | Define Conflation at Dictionary.com"</a>. Dictionary.reference.com. 1996-04-14<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=conflation" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=conflation</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Conflation+%26%23124%3B+Define+Conflation+at+Dictionary.com&rft.atitle=&rft.date=1996-04-14&rft.pub=Dictionary.reference.com&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fdictionary.reference.com%2Fsearch%3Fq%3Dconflation&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_29"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-29">^</a></strong> <a href="http://bible.crosswalk.com/Lexicons/Greek/grk.cgi?number=1401&version=nas" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Doulos</a> – <a href="/Strong%27s_Concordance" title="Strong's Concordance">Strong's Concordance</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_30"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-30">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2007/aug/18/religion.news" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2007/aug/18/religion.news</a> featured in <a href="/ITV" title="ITV">ITV</a> documentary</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_31"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-31">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web"><a href="http://primetime.unrealitytv.co.uk/the-muslim-jesus-itv/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"The Muslim Jesus, ITV – Unreality Primetime"</a>. Primetime.unrealitytv.co.uk. 2007-08-18<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://primetime.unrealitytv.co.uk/the-muslim-jesus-itv/" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://primetime.unrealitytv.co.uk/the-muslim-jesus-itv/</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2010-03-02</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=The+Muslim+Jesus%2C+ITV+%E2%80%93+Unreality+Primetime&rft.atitle=&rft.date=2007-08-18&rft.pub=Primetime.unrealitytv.co.uk&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fprimetime.unrealitytv.co.uk%2Fthe-muslim-jesus-itv%2F&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> </ol> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Bibliography">Bibliography</span></h2> <a name="citable__61" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="61"><div class="references-small" style="-moz-column-count:2; -webkit-column-count:2; column-count:2;margin-left:1.5em;"> <ul> <li>Brownson, Orestes, <em>Saint Worship and the Worship of Mary</em>, <a href="http://www.sophiainstitute.com" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Sophia Institute Press</a>, 2003, ISBN 1-928832-88-1</li> <li>Corner, Dan.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Saint Epiphanius wrote the above quote in the context of criticizing a group of women, led by priestesses, who seemed to worship the Virgin Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>the Immaculate Virgin Conception of the Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicplanet.com/virgin/virginity-Jesus-Mary.htm">www.catholicplanet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Dan on January 24, 2009 6:09 PM For anyone who believes that Catholics worship the Blessed Mary...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary image defaced again - Chicago Breaking News</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.chicagobreakingnews.com/2009/01/virgin-mary-image-defaced-again-cops-say.html">www.chicagobreakingnews.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>'YOU JUST DIDN'T GET IT, DID YOU? Catholics have NEVER worshipped Mary or the Saints.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <em>Is This The Mary Of The Bible?</em>, Evangelical Outreach, 2004, 249 pages ISBN 0-96390-767-0</li> <li><a href="/Vincent_Cronin" title="Vincent Cronin">Cronin, Vincent</a>, <em>Mary Portrayed</em>, London: Darton, Longman & Todd, Ltd., 1968, ISBN 0-87505-213-4</li> <li>Epie, Chantal. <a name="citable__111" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="111"><em>The Scriptural Roots of Catholic Teaching</em>, <a href="http://www.sophiainstitute.com" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Sophia Institute Press</a>, 2002, ISBN 1-928832-53-9</li> <li><a href="/Robert_J._Fox" title="Robert J. Fox">Fox, Fr.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>J. Salza: Do yourself a favor and read Scripture in light of the teachings of the Catholic Church who gave you them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__195" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="195">Robert J.</a>, <em>Catechism on Mary</em>, <em>Immaculate Heart of Mary</em>, <em>Mary Through the Ages</em> <a href="http://fatimafamily.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Fatima Family Apostolate</a></li> <li>Glavich, Mary Kathleen, <a href="http://www.actapublications.com/detail.html?id=978-0-87946-330-4" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>The Catholic Companion to Mary</em></a>, ACTA Publications, 2007</li> <li>Graef, Hilda.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="195"><a href="#citable__195"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Come by the Most Powerful Intercession of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Your most well Beloved Spouse!!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marypages.com/PrayerstoMary.htm">www.marypages.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="195"><a href="#citable__195"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A Child's Prayer to the Immaculate Heart of Mary 0 Virgin Mary, My Mother.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marypages.com/PrayerstoMary.htm">www.marypages.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="195"><a href="#citable__195"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To penetrate this adorable Heart, the sanctuary of the Divinity, more fully, we must go through Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Tradition, Family, and Property - The Virgin Mary | Books | TFP Home - the Counter-Revolution</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 9:57 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.tfp.org/tfp-home/books/the-virgin-mary.html">www.tfp.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__53" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="53"><em>Mary: A History of Doctrine and Devotion</em>, London: Sheed & Ward, 1985, ISBN 0-7220-5221-9</li> <li>Groeschel, Benedict, <em>A Still, Small Voice: A Practical Guide on Reported Revelations</em>, San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1993 ISBN 0-8987-0436-7</li> <li>Hahn, Scott, <em>Hail, Holy Queen: The Mother of God in the Word of God</em>, Doubleday, 2001, ISBN 0-3855-0168-4</li> <li><a href="/Stephen_Marley_(writer)" title="Stephen Marley (writer)">Marley, Stephen</a>, <em>The Life of the Virgin Mary</em>, Lennard Publishing, 1990, ISBN 1852910240</li> <li>Mills, David.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="53"><a href="#citable__53"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Believe what we say about the Virgin, and do not hesitate to confess her to be both servant and Mother of God, both virgin and mother.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="53"><a href="#citable__53"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The universal Father is one, and one the universal Word; and the Holy Spirit is one and the same everywhere, and one is the only virgin mother.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/blessed_virgin_mary.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="53"><a href="#citable__53"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We fly to your patronage, O holy Mother of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__219" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="219"><em>Discovering Mary: Answers to Questions About the Mother of God</em>, <a href="http://www.servantbooks.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Servant Books</a>, 2009, ISBN 0-8671-6927-3</li> <li>Miravalle, Mark.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="219"><a href="#citable__219"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesus is God Mary is the mother of Jesus Mary is the mother of God .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="219"><a href="#citable__219"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, mother of God .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="219"><a href="#citable__219"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>How greatly appealing the discourse about the Mother of God, the Holy Virgin Mary is!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary in the Syrian Orthodox Church - Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://syrianorthodoxchurch.org/library/essays/the-holy-virgin-mary-in-the-syrian-orthodox-church/">syrianorthodoxchurch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <em>Introduction to Mary</em>, <a href="http://www.queenship.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Queenship Publishing</a>, 1993, Second Edition 2006, soft, 220 pages ISBN 1-882972-06-6</li> <li>Newman, Barbara. <em>God and the Goddesses</em>, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003, ISBN 0812219112</li> <li>Pelikan, Jaroslav. <em>Mary Through the Centuries: Her Place in the History of Culture</em>, <a href="http://www.yale.edu/yup/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Yale University Press</a>, 1998, hardcover, 240 pages ISBN 0-300-06951-0; trade paperback, 1998, 240 pages, ISBN 0-300-07661-4</li> </ul> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_External_links">External links</span></h2> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.mariologicalsociety.com/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Marilogical Society of America</a></li> <li><a href="http://campus.udayton.edu/mary/aboutmary2.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">University of Dayton – The Mary Page</a></li> </ul> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"> <tr> <td style="padding:2px;"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible autocollapse" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"> <tr> <th style=";" colspan="3" class="navbox-title"><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><strong class="selflink">Virgin Mary</strong>, Mother of <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a></span></th> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";;">General</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Blessed Virgin Mary">Blessed Virgin Mary</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong class="selflink">Mary, Mother of Jesus</strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary_(Roman_Catholic)" title="Blessed Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)">Roman Catholic Veneration</a></div> </div> </div> </td> <td style="width:0%;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px;" rowspan="13"><img alt="Perpetual help original icon.jpg" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/2/7/1/48390731754030865.jpg" width="150" height="183" /></td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";;"><a href="/Mariology" title="Mariology">Mariology</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Anglican_Marian_theology" title="Anglican Marian theology">Anglican</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Theotokos" title="Theotokos">Eastern Orthodox</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ecumenical_meetings_and_documents_on_Mary" title="Ecumenical meetings and documents on Mary">Ecumenical (Christian)</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Islamic_views_on_Mary" title="Islamic views on Mary">Muslim</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Protestant_views_on_Mary" title="Protestant views on Mary">Protestant‎</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Roman_Catholic_Mariology" title="Roman Catholic Mariology">Roman Catholic</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";;">Life in the <a href="/Bible" title="Bible">Bible</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Annunciation" title="Annunciation">Annunciation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Visitation_(Christianity)" title="Visitation (Christianity)">Visitation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Magnificat" title="Magnificat">Magnificat</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Nativity_of_Jesus" title="Nativity of Jesus">Nativity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Presentation_of_Jesus_at_the_Temple" title="Presentation of Jesus at the Temple">Temple Presentation of Jesus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Flight_into_Egypt" title="Flight into Egypt">Flight into Egypt</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Finding_in_the_Temple" title="Finding in the Temple">Finding in the Temple</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Marriage_at_Cana" title="Marriage at Cana">Cana</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Resurrection_of_Jesus" title="Resurrection of Jesus">Crucifixion</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Descent_from_the_Cross" title="Descent from the Cross">Deposition</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pentecost" title="Pentecost">Pentecost</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";;">Life in <a href="/Sacred_Tradition" title="Sacred Tradition">Tradition</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/History_of_Roman_Catholic_Mariology" title="History of Roman Catholic Mariology">History of Roman Catholic Mariology</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Nativity_of_the_Theotokos" title="Nativity of the Theotokos">Nativity of Mary</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Presentation_of_Mary" title="Presentation of Mary">Presentation of Mary</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Virgin_birth_of_Jesus" title="Virgin birth of Jesus">Virgin birth of Jesus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Theotokos" title="Theotokos"><em>Theotokos:</em> Mother of God</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Perpetual_virginity_of_Mary" title="Perpetual virginity of Mary">Perpetual Virginity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Dormition_of_the_Theotokos" title="Dormition of the Theotokos">Dormition</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">Assumption</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Immaculate_Conception" title="Immaculate Conception">Immaculata</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Woman_of_the_Apocalypse" title="Woman of the Apocalypse">Woman of Revelation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Panagia" title="Panagia">Panagia</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Queen_of_Heaven" title="Queen of Heaven">Queen of Heaven</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";;">Lists</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Marian_antiphons" title="Marian antiphons">Antiphons</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Marian_apparition" title="Marian apparition">Apparitions</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Marian_devotions" title="Marian devotions">Devotions</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/May_devotions_to_the_Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="May devotions to the Blessed Virgin Mary">Devotions, May</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Marian_feast_days" title="Marian feast days">Feasts</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Hymns_to_Mary" title="Hymns to Mary">Hymns</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Patronage_of_the_Blessed_Virgin_Mary" title="Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary">Patronage</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Shrines_to_the_Virgin_Mary" title="Shrines to the Virgin Mary">Shrines</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Titles_of_Mary" title="Titles of Mary">Titles</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";;">Miscellaneous</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Madonna_(art)" title="Madonna (art)">Mary in art</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Black_Madonna" title="Black Madonna">Black Madonna</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gospel_of_James" title="Gospel of James">Protoevangelium of James</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Hodegetria" title="Hodegetria">Hodegetria</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Piet%C3%A0" title="Pietà">Pietà</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Antidicomarianite" title="Antidicomarianite">Antidicomarianites</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Akathist" title="Akathist">Akathist</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Rosary" title="Rosary">Rosary</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style=";;">Titles</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Theotokos" title="Theotokos">Mother of God</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Our_Lady_of_F%C3%A1tima" title="Our Lady of Fátima">Our Lady of Fátima</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Our_Lady_of_Guadalupe" title="Our Lady of Guadalupe">Our Lady of Guadalupe</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Our_Lady_of_Lourdes" title="Our Lady of Lourdes">Our Lady of Lourdes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Our_Lady_of_Presentation" title="Our Lady of Presentation">Our Lady of Presentation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Our_Lady,_Star_of_the_Sea" title="Our Lady, Star of the Sea">Our Lady, Star of the Sea</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Theotokos_of_Vladimir" title="Theotokos of Vladimir">Our Lady of Vladimir</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Queen_of_Heaven" title="Queen of Heaven">Queen of Heaven</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Seat_of_Wisdom" title="Seat of Wisdom">Seat of Wisdom</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-abovebelow" style=";" colspan="3"><strong><a href="/Category:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)" title="Category:Mary (mother of Jesus)">Category</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/Portal:Saints" title="Portal:Saints">Saints Portal</a></strong></td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"> <tr> <td style="padding:2px;"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible collapsed" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"> <tr> <th style="background:#FF9;" colspan="2" class="navbox-title"><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><a href="/Category:New_Testament_people" title="Category:New Testament people">New Testament people</a></span></th> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;;"><a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a> <a href="/Christ" title="Christ">Christ</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong>views:</strong> <a href="/Jesus_in_Christianity" title="Jesus in Christianity">Christian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Historical_Jesus" title="Historical Jesus">Historical</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/New_Testament_view_on_Jesus%27_life" title="New Testament view on Jesus' life">New Testament</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;;background:#FFE880"><a href="/Gospels" title="Gospels" class="mw-redirect">Gospels</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="width:100%;;;;"> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;padding-left:0em;padding-right:0em;;"> <div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Individuals</div> </td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Alphaeus" title="Alphaeus">Alphaeus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Anna_(Bible)" title="Anna (Bible)">Anna</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Annas" title="Annas">Annas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Barabbas" title="Barabbas">Barabbas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Bartimaeus_(Biblical_character)" title="Bartimaeus (Biblical character)" class="mw-redirect">Bartimaeus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/The_Blind_Man_of_Bethsaida" title="The Blind Man of Bethsaida" class="mw-redirect">blind man, Bethsaida</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Caiaphas" title="Caiaphas">Caiaphas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Cleopas" title="Cleopas">Cleopas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_teaching_about_the_Devil" title="Christian teaching about the Devil">Devil</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Saint_Dismas" title="Saint Dismas">Dismas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Elizabeth_(Biblical_person)" title="Elizabeth (Biblical person)">Elizabeth</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gabriel" title="Gabriel">Gabriel</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gestas" title="Gestas">"Gestas," thief</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Daughter_of_Jairus" title="Daughter of Jairus">Jairus' Daughter</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joachim" title="Joachim">Joachim</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Saint_Joanna" title="Saint Joanna">Joanna</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_the_Baptist" title="John the Baptist">John the Baptist</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Saint_Joseph" title="Saint Joseph">Joseph</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joseph_of_Arimathea" title="Joseph of Arimathea">Joseph of Arimathea</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joses" title="Joses">Joses</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Lazarus_of_Bethany" title="Lazarus of Bethany">Lazarus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Legion_(demon)" title="Legion (demon)">Legion</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Saint_Longinus" title="Saint Longinus">"Longinus"</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Luke_the_Evangelist" title="Luke the Evangelist">Luke</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Lysanias" title="Lysanias">Lysanias</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Malchus" title="Malchus">Malchus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mark_the_Evangelist" title="Mark the Evangelist">Mark</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Martha" title="Martha">Martha</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mary_Magdalene" title="Mary Magdalene">Mary Magdalene</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mary_(mother_of_James_and_John)" title="Mary (mother of James and John)">Mary mother of James</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong class="selflink">Mary mother of Jesus</strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mary_of_Bethany" title="Mary of Bethany">Mary of Bethany</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mary_of_Clopas" title="Mary of Clopas">Mary of Clopas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/The_Young_Man_from_Nain" title="The Young Man from Nain" class="mw-redirect">Widow's son, Nain</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Bartholomew" title="Bartholomew" class="mw-redirect">Nathanael</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <span style="white-space:nowrap;"><a href="/Nicodemus" title="Nicodemus">Nicodemus</a> (<a href="/Nicodemus_ben_Gurion" title="Nicodemus ben Gurion">ben Gurion</a>)</span><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Salome_(disciple)" title="Salome (disciple)">Salome</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Simeon_the_Righteous" title="Simeon the Righteous">Simeon</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Simon_of_Cyrene" title="Simon of Cyrene">Simon of Cyrene</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Simon_the_Leper" title="Simon the Leper">Simon the Leper</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Susanna_(disciple)" title="Susanna (disciple)">Susanna</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Theophilus_(Biblical)" title="Theophilus (Biblical)">Theophilus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Zacchaeus" title="Zacchaeus">Zacchaeus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Zechariah_(priest)" title="Zechariah (priest)">Zechariah</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;padding-left:0em;padding-right:0em;;"> <div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Groups</div> </td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Angel" title="Angel">Angels</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Disciple_(Christianity)" title="Disciple (Christianity)">Disciples</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Four_Evangelists" title="Four Evangelists">Evangelists</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Godfearers" title="Godfearers">Godfearers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Herodians" title="Herodians">Herodians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Biblical_Magi" title="Biblical Magi">Magi</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Myrrhbearers" title="Myrrhbearers">Myrrhbearers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pharisees" title="Pharisees">Pharisees</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Proselytes" title="Proselytes" class="mw-redirect">Proselytes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sadducees" title="Sadducees">Sadducees</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Samaritans" title="Samaritans" class="mw-redirect">Samaritans</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sanhedrin" title="Sanhedrin">Sanhedrin</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Seventy_Disciples" title="Seventy Disciples">70 Disciples</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sofer" title="Sofer">Scribes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Zealotry" title="Zealotry">Zealots</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;;"><a href="/Apostle_(Christian)" title="Apostle (Christian)">The Twelve</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Saint_Andrew" title="Saint Andrew">Andrew</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Bartholomew_the_Apostle" title="Bartholomew the Apostle">Bartholomew</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/James,_son_of_Alphaeus" title="James, son of Alphaeus">James of Alphaeus</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/James,_son_of_Zebedee" title="James, son of Zebedee">James of Zebedee</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/John_the_Apostle" title="John the Apostle">John</a> (<a href="/Disciple_whom_Jesus_loved" title="Disciple whom Jesus loved">Beloved</a>, <a href="/John_the_Evangelist" title="John the Evangelist">Evangelist</a>, <a href="/John_of_Patmos" title="John of Patmos">Patmos</a>) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Judas_Iscariot" title="Judas Iscariot">Judas Iscariot</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Jude_the_Apostle" title="Jude the Apostle">Jude Thaddeus</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Matthew_the_Evangelist" title="Matthew the Evangelist">Matthew</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Saint_Matthias" title="Saint Matthias" class="mw-redirect">Matthias</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Saint_Peter" title="Saint Peter">Peter</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Philip_the_Apostle" title="Philip the Apostle">Philip</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Simon_the_Zealot" title="Simon the Zealot">Simon the Zealot</a>, (<a href="/Judas_the_Zealot" title="Judas the Zealot">Judas</a>) <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Thomas_the_Apostle" title="Thomas the Apostle">Thomas</a></span></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;;background:#FFE880"><a href="/Acts_of_the_Apostles" title="Acts of the Apostles">Acts</a><br /> <small><em><a href="/Saint_Peter" title="Saint Peter">Peter</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Paul_the_Apostle" title="Paul the Apostle" class="mw-redirect">Paul</a></em></small></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Agabus" title="Agabus">Agabus</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Ananias_and_Sapphira" title="Ananias and Sapphira">Ananias (Judaea)</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Ananias_of_Damascus" title="Ananias of Damascus">Ananias (Damascus)</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Apollos" title="Apollos">Apollos</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Priscilla_and_Aquila" title="Priscilla and Aquila">Aquila</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Aristarchus_of_Thessalonica" title="Aristarchus of Thessalonica">Aristarchus</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Elymas" title="Elymas">Bar-jesus</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Barnabas" title="Barnabas">Barnabas</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Cornelius_the_Centurion" title="Cornelius the Centurion">Cornelius</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Demetrius_(Bible)" title="Demetrius (Bible)">Demetrius</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Dionysius_the_Areopagite" title="Dionysius the Areopagite">Dionysius</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Dorcas" title="Dorcas">Dorcas</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Eutychus" title="Eutychus">Eutychus</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Gamaliel" title="Gamaliel">Gamaliel</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/James_the_Just" title="James the Just">James the Just</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Saint_Jason" title="Saint Jason" class="mw-redirect">Jason</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Joseph_Barsabbas" title="Joseph Barsabbas">Joseph Barsabas</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Judas_of_Galilee" title="Judas of Galilee">Judas of Galilee</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Lucius_of_Cyrene" title="Lucius of Cyrene">Lucius</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Luke_the_Evangelist" title="Luke the Evangelist">Luke</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Lydia_of_Thyatira" title="Lydia of Thyatira">Lydia</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Manahen" title="Manahen">Manahen</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Mark_the_Evangelist" title="Mark the Evangelist">(John) Mark</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Mary,_mother_of_John_Mark" title="Mary, mother of John Mark">Mary mother of J. Mark</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Saint_Matthias" title="Saint Matthias" class="mw-redirect">Matthias</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Nicholas_the_Deacon" title="Nicholas the Deacon" class="mw-redirect">Nicholas</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Paul_the_Apostle" title="Paul the Apostle" class="mw-redirect">Paul</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Philip_the_Evangelist" title="Philip the Evangelist">Philip</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Priscilla_and_Aquila" title="Priscilla and Aquila">Priscilla</a>  <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Saint_Publius" title="Saint Publius">Publius</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Ananias_and_Sapphira" title="Ananias and Sapphira">Sapphira</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Sceva" title="Sceva">Sceva</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Seven_Deacons" title="Seven Deacons">Seven Deacons</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Silas" title="Silas">Silas</a>/<a href="/Silvanus_of_the_Seventy" title="Silvanus of the Seventy">Silvanus</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Simeon_of_Jerusalem" title="Simeon of Jerusalem">Simeon of Jerusalem</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Simon_Magus" title="Simon Magus">Simon the Sorcerer</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Sopater" title="Sopater">Sopater</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Saint_Stephen" title="Saint Stephen">Stephen</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Theudas" title="Theudas">Theudas</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Timothy" title="Timothy" class="mw-redirect">Timothy</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Titus_(Biblical)" title="Titus (Biblical)">Titus</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Trophimus" title="Trophimus">Trophimus</a> <strong>·</strong></span> <span style="white-space:nowrap"><a href="/Tychicus" title="Tychicus">Tychicus</a></span></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;;"><strong><a href="/Political_institutions_of_Ancient_Rome" title="Political institutions of Ancient Rome">Romans</a></strong> &<br /> <em><strong><a href="/Herodian_Dynasty" title="Herodian Dynasty">Herod's family</a></strong></em></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="width:100%;;;;"> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;padding-left:0em;padding-right:0em;;"> <div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Gospels</div> </td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Cornelius_the_Centurion" title="Cornelius the Centurion">Cornelius</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Herod_Antipas" title="Herod Antipas">Herod Antipas</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Herod_Archelaus" title="Herod Archelaus">Herod Archelaus</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Herod_Philip_II" title="Herod Philip II">Herod Philip II</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Herod_the_Great" title="Herod the Great">Herod the Great</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Herodias" title="Herodias">Herodias</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Saint_Longinus" title="Saint Longinus">"Longinus"</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pontius_Pilate" title="Pontius Pilate">Pontius Pilate</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pontius_Pilate%27s_wife" title="Pontius Pilate's wife">Pilate's Wife</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Quirinius" title="Quirinius">Quirinius</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Salome" title="Salome">Salome</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Tiberius" title="Tiberius">Tiberius</a><br /> </div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;padding-left:0em;padding-right:0em;;"> <div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Acts</div> </td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><em><a href="/Agrippa_I" title="Agrippa I">Agrippa I</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <em><a href="/Agrippa_II" title="Agrippa II">Agrippa II</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Antonius_Felix" title="Antonius Felix">Felix</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Claudius_Lysias" title="Claudius Lysias">Claudius Lysias</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Junius_Annaeus_Gallio" title="Junius Annaeus Gallio">Junius A. Gallio</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Porcius_Festus" title="Porcius Festus">Festus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sergius_Paulus" title="Sergius Paulus">Sergius Paulus</a></div> </div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;;background:#FFE880"><a href="/Epistles" title="Epistles" class="mw-redirect">Epistles</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Achaichus" title="Achaichus">Achaichus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alexander_(Ephesian)" title="Alexander (Ephesian)">Alexander</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Archippus" title="Archippus">Archippus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Aretas_IV_Philopatris" title="Aretas IV Philopatris">Aretas IV</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Crescens" title="Crescens">Crescens</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Diotrephes" title="Diotrephes">Diotrephes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Epaphroditus" title="Epaphroditus">Epaphroditus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Erastus_of_Corinth" title="Erastus of Corinth">Erastus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Hymenaeus_(Ephesian)" title="Hymenaeus (Ephesian)">Hymenaeus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Jesus_Justus" title="Jesus Justus">Jesus Justus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Junia" title="Junia">Junia</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> Mary<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Michael_(archangel)" title="Michael (archangel)">Angel Michael</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Nymphas" title="Nymphas">Nymphas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Philemon_(New_Testament_person)" title="Philemon (New Testament person)">Philemon</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Philetus_(Ephesian)" title="Philetus (Ephesian)">Philetus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Phoebe_(Christian_woman)" title="Phoebe (Christian woman)">Phoebe</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Syntyche" title="Syntyche" class="mw-redirect">Syntyche</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background:#FF9;;background:#FFE880"><a href="/Book_of_Revelation" title="Book of Revelation">Revelation</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Antipas_of_Pergamum" title="Antipas of Pergamum">Antipas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Four_Horsemen_of_the_Apocalypse" title="Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse">Four Horsemen</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Apollyon" title="Apollyon" class="mw-redirect">Apollyon</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Two_Witnesses" title="Two Witnesses">Two Witnesses</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Woman_of_the_Apocalypse" title="Woman of the Apocalypse">Woman</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/The_Beast_(Bible)" title="The Beast (Bible)">Beast</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Three_Angels%27_Messages" title="Three Angels' Messages">Three Angels</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Whore_of_Babylon" title="Whore of Babylon">Whore of Babylon</a></div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-abovebelow" style="background:#FF9;" colspan="2"> <div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><em><a href="/Category:New_Testament_people" title="Category:New Testament people">Full List</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a>: (<a href="/Ministry_of_Jesus" title="Ministry of Jesus">Ministry</a>, <a href="/Miracles_attributed_to_Jesus" title="Miracles attributed to Jesus" class="mw-redirect">Miracles</a>, <a href="/Parables_of_Jesus" title="Parables of Jesus">Parables</a>, <a href="/Chronology_of_Jesus" title="Chronology of Jesus">Timeline</a>)<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/New_Testament" title="New Testament">New Testament</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Development_of_the_New_Testament_canon" title="Development of the New Testament canon">NT Canon</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gospel" title="Gospel">Gospels</a> (<a href="/Synoptic_Gospels" title="Synoptic Gospels">Synoptic</a>)<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Epistles" title="Epistles" class="mw-redirect">Epistles</a> (<a href="/Pauline_epistles" title="Pauline epistles">Pauline</a>, <a href="/General_epistles" title="General epistles">General</a>)<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Apostolic_Age" title="Apostolic Age">Apostolic Age</a></div> </div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"> <tr> <td style="padding:2px;"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible autocollapse" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"> <tr> <th style="background: red;" colspan="3" class="navbox-title"><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><a href="/Christmas" title="Christmas"><font color="green">Christmas</font></a></span></th> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background: red;;">Main</td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Christmas_Eve" title="Christmas Eve">Christmas Eve</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas" title="Christmas">Christmas Day</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas" title="Christmas">History</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas" title="Christmas">Bringers of gifts</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_decoration" title="Christmas decoration">Decorations</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas" title="Christmas">Economics</a></div> </td> <td style="width:0%;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px;" rowspan="11"><img alt="Christmas tree" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/10/7/2/4/2411464242937075.jpg" width="150" height="206" /></td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background: red;;"><a href="/Christianity" title="Christianity">Christianity</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Nativity_of_Jesus" title="Nativity of Jesus">Nativity of Jesus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Nativity_of_Jesus_in_art" title="Nativity of Jesus in art">Nativity of Jesus in art</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Nativity_scene" title="Nativity scene">Nativity scene</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Nativity_of_Jesus_in_later_culture" title="Nativity of Jesus in later culture">Nativity of Jesus in later culture</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus Christ</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong class="selflink">Mary</strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Saint_Joseph" title="Saint Joseph">Joseph</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gabriel" title="Gabriel">Angel Gabriel</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Annunciation_to_the_shepherds" title="Annunciation to the shepherds">Annunciation to the Shepherds</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Adoration_of_the_shepherds" title="Adoration of the shepherds">Adoration of the Shepherds</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Biblical_Magi" title="Biblical Magi">Three Magi</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Star_of_Bethlehem" title="Star of Bethlehem">Star of Bethlehem</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Herod_the_Great" title="Herod the Great">King Herod</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Massacre_of_the_Innocents" title="Massacre of the Innocents">Massacre of the Innocents</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Saint_Nicholas" title="Saint Nicholas">Saint Nicholas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Bethlehem" title="Bethlehem">Bethlehem</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Twelfth_Night_(holiday)" title="Twelfth Night (holiday)">Twelfth Night</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Epiphany_(holiday)" title="Epiphany (holiday)">Epiphany</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Advent" title="Advent">Advent</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmastide" title="Christmastide">Christmastide</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background: red;;"><a href="/Folklore" title="Folklore">Folklore</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Father_Christmas" title="Father Christmas">Father Christmas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Santa_Claus" title="Santa Claus">Santa Claus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mrs._Claus" title="Mrs. Claus">Mrs. Claus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_elf" title="Christmas elf">Santa Claus' elves</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Santa_Claus%27s_reindeer" title="Santa Claus's reindeer">Santa Claus's reindeer</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Rudolph_the_Red-Nosed_Reindeer" title="Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer">Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sinterklaas" title="Sinterklaas">Sinterklaas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/P%C3%A8re_No%C3%ABl" title="Père Noël">Père Noël</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Joulupukki" title="Joulupukki">Joulupukki</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ded_Moroz" title="Ded Moroz">Ded Moroz</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/La_Befana" title="La Befana" class="mw-redirect">La Befana</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christkind" title="Christkind">Christkind</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Zwarte_Piet" title="Zwarte Piet">Black Peter</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Krampus" title="Krampus">Krampus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Belsnickel" title="Belsnickel">Belsnickel</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Le_P%C3%A8re_Fouettard" title="Le Père Fouettard">Le Père Fouettard</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/North_Pole" title="North Pole">North Pole</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Santa%27s_workshop" title="Santa's workshop">Santa's workshop</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Korvatunturi" title="Korvatunturi">Korvatunturi</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Knecht_Ruprecht" title="Knecht Ruprecht">Knecht Ruprecht</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background: red;;"><a href="/Category:Christmas_traditions" title="Category:Christmas traditions">Traditions</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Twelve_Days_of_Christmas" title="Twelve Days of Christmas">Twelve Days of Christmas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_tree" title="Christmas tree">Christmas trees</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Wassailing" title="Wassailing">Wassailing</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Yule_log" title="Yule log">Yule log</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_stocking" title="Christmas stocking">Stockings</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_ornament" title="Christmas ornament">Ornaments</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_lights" title="Christmas lights">Lights</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_cracker" title="Christmas cracker">Crackers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Nutcracker" title="Nutcracker">Nutcrackers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_cookies" title="Christmas cookies">Cookies</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_cards" title="Christmas cards" class="mw-redirect">Christmas cards</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_music" title="Christmas music">Christmas music</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/List_of_Christmas_films" title="List of Christmas films">Christmas films</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_stamp" title="Christmas stamp">Christmas stamps</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/NORAD_Tracks_Santa" title="NORAD Tracks Santa">NORAD Tracks Santa</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Secret_Santa" title="Secret Santa">Secret Santa</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Advent_calendar" title="Advent calendar">Advent calendars</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Yule_Goat" title="Yule Goat">Yule Goats</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Santa_Claus_parade" title="Santa Claus parade">Santa Claus parades</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Flying_Santa" title="Flying Santa">Flying Santa</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_market" title="Christmas market">Christmas markets</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Category:Christmas_plants" title="Category:Christmas plants">Plants</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Category:Christmas_food" title="Category:Christmas food">Food</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a 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traditions">Serbian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_traditions_in_Ukraine" title="Christmas traditions in Ukraine">Ukrainian</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background: red;;"><a href="/Christmas_in_the_media" title="Christmas in the media" class="mw-redirect">Media</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Category:Christmas_fiction" title="Category:Christmas fiction">Fiction</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Category:Christmas_films" title="Category:Christmas films">Films</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Category:Christmas_onstage" title="Category:Christmas onstage">Plays</a><br /> <strong><a href="/Television" title="Television">TV</a>:</strong> <a href="/Category:Christmas_television_episodes" title="Category:Christmas television episodes">Episodes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Category:Christmas_television_specials" title="Category:Christmas television specials">Specials</a><br /> <strong><a href="/Category:Christmas_music" title="Category:Christmas music">Music</a>:</strong> <a href="/Category:Christmas_albums" title="Category:Christmas albums">Albums</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_carol" title="Christmas carol">Carols</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/List_of_Christmas_hit_singles" title="List of Christmas hit singles">Hit singles and tracks</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Category:Christmas_songs" title="Category:Christmas songs">Other Christmas music and songs</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background: red;;">Society</td> <td 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New England</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christmas_in_the_post-War_United_States" title="Christmas in the post-War United States">Christmas in the post-War United States</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Yes,_Virginia,_there_is_a_Santa_Claus" title="Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus">Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Hollywood_Christmas_Parade" title="Hollywood Christmas Parade">Hollywood Christmas Parade</a></div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><span id="wikipedia_interwiki_sk_fa"></span></div> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'> <div id="wikipedia_mw_normal_catlinks">Categories: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)" title="Category:Mary (mother of Jesus)">Mary (mother of Jesus)</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:1st-century_BC_births" title="Category:1st-century BC births">1st-century 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name="wikiquote">Quotes</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of January 14, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="citable_wikis_fragments"> <div id="wikiquote_bodyContent"> <h3 id="wikiquote_siteSub">From Wikiquote</h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__124" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="124"><strong><a href="/Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Mary (mother of Jesus)">Mary</a></strong> (Aramaic, Hebrew: מרים, Maryām Miriam Arabic:مريم, Maryam), usually referred to by Christians as the <strong>Virgin Mary</strong> or <strong>Saint Mary,</strong> was a Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee, identified in the New Testament [Matthew 1:16,18-25] [Luke 1:26-56] [2:1-7] as the mother of <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Who played Mary of Nazareth in the movie Mary, Mother of Jesus ?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, Mother of Jesus - Blockbuster Online</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blockbuster.com/movies/mary-mother-of-jesus.html">www.blockbuster.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Woman in garden with virgin mary statue .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Virgin mary Images and Stock Photos. 1355 Virgin mary photography and royalty free pictures available to download from over 100 stock photo companies.</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fotosearch.com/photos-images/virgin-mary.html">www.fotosearch.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, the Mother -Twelve advocations referring to Mary as Mother.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>+Via Rosa - Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Loreto) - Rosaries and Chaplets Devotional Prayers+</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://prayers.viarosa.com/LitanyOfLoreto.html">prayers.viarosa.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikiquote_About_Mary_2C_mother_of_Jesus">About Mary, mother of Jesus</span></h2> <a name="citable__194" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="194"><ul> <li><em>Ave Maria, gratia plena, Dominus tecum: Benedicta tu in mulieribus, et benedictus fructus ventris tui, Jesus.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>[The Vulgate version of Luke 1:28 reads: "et ingressus angelus ad eam dixit have gratia plena Dominus tecum benedicta tu in mulieribus".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fisheaters.com/mary.html">www.fisheaters.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Maria, mater gratiae, Dulcis parens clementiae, Tu nos ab hoste protege Et mortis hora suscipe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Cardinal John Henry Newman on the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/newman-mary.html">www.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Vertu miraculeuse de l'Ave Maria : démontrée par des traits de protection, de conversion et de guérison merveilleuse / par le R. P. Huguet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Franklin Subject Browse Demo</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://devplw.library.upenn.edu/cgi-bin/sdi/vbook/browse?type=lcsubc&key=Mary%2c%20Blessed%20Virgin%2c%20Saint%20%2d%2d%20Apparitions%20and%20miracles%20%2d%2d%20Fiction">devplw.library.upenn.edu</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__27" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="27">Sancta Maria mater Dei, ora pro nobis peccatoribus nunc et in hora mortis.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ianua caeli, R. ora pro nobis.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>~ The Most Holy Rosary ~ Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.themostholyrosary.com/appendix4.htm">www.themostholyrosary.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Virgo potens, R. ora pro nobis.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>~ The Most Holy Rosary ~ Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.themostholyrosary.com/appendix4.htm">www.themostholyrosary.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Regina Prophetarum, R. ora pro nobis.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>~ The Most Holy Rosary ~ Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.themostholyrosary.com/appendix4.htm">www.themostholyrosary.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__93" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="93">Amen.</em> <ul> <li>Hail Mary, full of Grace, the Lord is with thee: Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="93"><a href="#citable__93"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Blessed is the fruit of Thy womb, Jesus".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Holy Virgin Mary appears in Egypt | NowPublic News Coverage</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nowpublic.com/world/holy-virgin-mary-appears-egypt">www.nowpublic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="93"><a href="#citable__93"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Blessed art thou among women And blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Prayers to Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.marypages.com/PrayerstoMary.htm">www.marypages.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="93"><a href="#citable__93"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hail, Mary, full of grace, The Lord is with thee.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Blessed Virgin's, Mother Mary's Rosary for World Peace, </c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 6:30 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.reversespins.com/rosary.html">www.reversespins.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__178" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="178">Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now and at the hour of death.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary, Mother of God, we salute you.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scribd.com/doc/334657/Little-Office-of-the-Blessed-Virgin-Mary">www.scribd.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mother most amiable, pray for us .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ourladyswarriors.org/indulge/gl4.htm">www.ourladyswarriors.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Amen. <a name="citable__255" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="255"><ul> <li><em><a href="/Hail_Mary#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Hail Mary">Ave Maria</a></em> (Hail Mary), also called <em>The Angelic Salutation,</em> traditional prayer (ca.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The " Angelical salutation " (the " Ave Maria" or prayer to Mary) first became widespread in the 12th century.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Mythical Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesusneverexisted.com/mary.htm">www.jesusneverexisted.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Catholic Encyclopedia: Hail Mary - Analysis of the prayer Ave Maria: origins and development.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicnetlinks.com/Blessed%20Virgin%20Mary.htm">www.catholicnetlinks.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From the Angel's and Elizabeth's words come the "Hail Mary" prayer, Ave Maria in Latin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Virgin Mother (Luke 1:26-45) -- Christmas Incarnation</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuswalk.com/christmas-incarnation/virgin-mother.htm">www.jesuswalk.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> 1050)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> </li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikiquote_External_links">External links</span></h2> <div class="noprint" style="clear: right; border: solid #aaa 1px; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; font-size: 90%; background: #f9f9f9; width: 250px; padding: 4px; spacing: 0px; text-align: left; float: right;"> <div style="float: left;"> <div class="floatnone"><img alt="Wikipedia" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/08/1/2/4/0315652806810763.png" width="50" height="57" /></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 60px;"><a href="/Wikipedia" title="Wikipedia">Wikipedia</a> has an article about: <div style="margin-left: 10px;"><em><strong><a href="/Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="wikipedia:Mary (mother of Jesus)">Mary (mother of Jesus)</a></strong></em></div> </div> </div> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'> <div id="wikiquote_mw_normal_catlinks">Categories: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Religious_leader_stubs" title="Category:Religious leader stubs">Religious leader stubs</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Saints" title="Category:Saints">Saints</a></span></div> </div> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="biblewiki"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="biblewiki">Bible wiki</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of January 23, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="citable_wikis_fragments"> <div id="biblewiki_bodyContent"> <h3 id="biblewiki_siteSub">From BibleWiki</h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__24" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="24">The <a href="/Wife" title="Wife">wife</a> of <a href="/Joseph" title="Joseph">Joseph</a>, the <a href="/Mother" title="Mother">mother</a> of <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a>, called the "Virgin Mary," though never so designated in Scripture (<a href="/Book_of_Matthew" title="Book of Matthew">Mt</a> <a href="/Matthew_Chapter_2" title="Matthew Chapter 2">2</a>:<a href="/Matthew_Chapter_2%2C_Verse_11" title="Matthew Chapter 2, Verse 11">11</a>; <a href="/Book_of_Acts" title="Book of Acts">Acts</a> <a href="/Acts_Chapter_1" title="Acts Chapter 1">1</a>:<a href="/Acts_Chapter_1%2C_Verse_14" title="Acts Chapter 1, Verse 14">14</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="24"><a href="#citable__24"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="24"><a href="#citable__24"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Virgin Mary Earrings $11.95 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Unique Virgin Mary Gifts</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.kyledesigns.com/category/14_personalized_gifts.04_gift_ideas_themed.virgin_mary/">www.kyledesigns.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="24"><a href="#citable__24"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As for the so-called image of the Virgin Mary, I wrote: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Virgin Mary stain leaves mark on hearts :: CHICAGO SUN-TIMES :: Richard Roeper</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.suntimes.com/news/roeper/1810320,CST-NWS-roep07.article">www.suntimes.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__43" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="43">Little is known of her personal history.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="43"><a href="#citable__43"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Little is known of her personal history.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__104" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="104">Her genealogy is given in <a href="/Luke" title="Luke">Luke</a> 3. She was of the <a href="/Tribe_of_Judah" title="Tribe of Judah">tribe of Judah</a> and the lineage of <a href="/David" title="David">David</a> (<a href="/Book_of_Psalms" title="Book of Psalms">Ps</a> <a href="/Psalm_132" title="Psalm 132">132</a><sup><a href="/Psalm_132%2C_Verse_11" title="Psalm 132, Verse 11">11</a></sup>; <a href="/Book_of_Luke" title="Book of Luke">Lk</a> <a href="/Luke_Chapter_1" title="Luke Chapter 1">1</a>:<a href="/Luke_Chapter_1%2C_Verse_32" title="Luke Chapter 1, Verse 32">32</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Her genealogy is given in Luke 3.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Luke, Mary was of the tribe of Judah and the lineage of David (1:32).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Doctrine of Mary - ReligionFacts</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm">www.religionfacts.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Luke, she was of the tribe of Judah and the lineage of David (Ps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__212" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="212">She was connected by <a href="/Marriage" title="Marriage">marriage</a> with <a href="/Elisabeth" title="Elisabeth">Elisabeth</a>, who was of the lineage of <a href="/Aaron" title="Aaron">Aaron</a> (<a href="/Book_of_Luke" title="Book of Luke">Lk</a> <a href="/Luke_Chapter_1" title="Luke Chapter 1">1</a>:<a href="/Luke_Chapter_1%2C_Verse_36" title="Luke Chapter 1, Verse 36">36</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was connected by marriage with Elisabeth, who was of the lineage of Aaron (Luke 1:36).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was cousin by marriage to Elisabeth , who was of the lineage of Aaron (Luke 1:36).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was connected by marriage with Elisabeth , who was of the lineage of Aaron ( Luke 1:36 ).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__127" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="127">While she resided at <a href="/Nazareth" title="Nazareth">Nazareth</a> with her parents, before she became the <a href="/Wife" title="Wife">wife</a> of <a href="/Joseph" title="Joseph">Joseph</a>, the <a href="/Angel" title="Angel">angel</a> <a href="/Gabriel" title="Gabriel">Gabriel</a> announced to her that she was to be the <a href="/Mother" title="Mother">mother</a> of the promised <a href="/Messiah" title="Messiah">Messiah</a> (<a href="/Book_of_Luke" title="Book of Luke">Lk</a> <a href="/Luke_Chapter_1" title="Luke Chapter 1">1</a>:<a href="/Luke_Chapter_1%2C_Verse_35" title="Luke Chapter 1, Verse 35">35</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="127"><a href="#citable__127"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While a maiden, but betrothed to Joseph, the angel Gabriel announce to her that she was to be the mother of the long-awaited Messiah.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.themystica.org/mystica/articles/m/mary.html">www.themystica.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="127"><a href="#citable__127"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After that she became Joseph's wife, and the mother of a large family."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Fulton: Mary - a Perpetual Virgin?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.abcog.org/mary1.htm">www.abcog.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="127"><a href="#citable__127"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During her betrothal, the angel Gabriel announced to her that she was to be the mother of the promised Messiah while remaining yet a virgin (Luke 1:35).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__18" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="18">After this she went to visit her cousin <a href="/Elisabeth" title="Elisabeth">Elisabeth</a>, who was living with her <a href="/Husband" title="Husband">husband</a> <a href="/Zacharias" title="Zacharias">Zacharias</a> (probably at Juttah, <a href="/Book_of_Joshua" title="Book of Joshua">Josh</a> <a href="/Joshua_Chapter_15" title="Joshua Chapter 15">15</a>:<a href="/Joshua_Chapter_15%2C_Verse_55" title="Joshua Chapter 15, Verse 55">55</a>; 21:16, in the neighbourhood of <a href="/Maon" title="Maon">Maon</a>), at a considerable distance, about 100 miles, from <a href="/Nazareth" title="Nazareth">Nazareth</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="18"><a href="#citable__18"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After this she went to visit her cousin Elisabeth , who was living with her husband Zacharias (probably at Juttah , Josh.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="18"><a href="#citable__18"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Maon ), at a considerable distance, about 100 miles, from Nazareth .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="18"><a href="#citable__18"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Maon), at a considerable distance, about 160 Km, from Nazareth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__40" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="40">Immediately on entering the house she was saluted by <a href="/Elisabeth" title="Elisabeth">Elisabeth</a> as the <a href="/Mother" title="Mother">mother</a> of her Lord, and then forthwith gave utterance to her hymn of thanksgiving (<a href="/Book_of_Luke" title="Book of Luke">Lk</a> <a href="/Luke_Chapter_1" title="Luke Chapter 1">1</a>:<a href="/Luke_Chapter_1%2C_Verse_46" title="Luke Chapter 1, Verse 46">46</a>-56; comp.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="40"><a href="#citable__40"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Immediately on entering the house she was saluted by Elisabeth as the mother of her Lord, and then immediately gave her hymn of thanksgiving ( Luke 1:46-56 ; compare 1 Sam.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="40"><a href="#citable__40"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Immediately on entering the house she was saluted by Elisabeth as the mother of her Lord, and then forthwith gave utterance to her hymn of thanksgiving (Luke 1:46-56; comp.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="40"><a href="#citable__40"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On entering the house, She saluted Elizabeth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Blessed </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/mary.htm">www.fatheralexander.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Book_of_1_Samuel" title="Book of 1 Samuel">1Sam</a> <a href="/1_Samuel_Chapter_2" title="1 Samuel Chapter 2">2</a>:<a href="/1_Samuel_Chapter_2%2C_Verse_1" title="1 Samuel Chapter 2, Verse 1">1</a>-10). <a name="citable__15" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="15">After three months Mary returned to <a href="/Nazareth" title="Nazareth">Nazareth</a> to her own home.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="15"><a href="#citable__15"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And so Mary was forced to return home to England.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary Ward: Catholic Rebel & Leader: Foundress of the Institute of The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://catholic-church.suite101.com/article.cfm/mary_ward_catholic_rebel_leader">catholic-church.suite101.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="15"><a href="#citable__15"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After three months Mary returned to her own home in Nazareth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="15"><a href="#citable__15"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary stayed with Elizabeth for about three months and then returned to Nazareth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Blessed </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/mary.htm">www.fatheralexander.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__238" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="238"><a href="/Joseph" title="Joseph">Joseph</a> was supernaturally made aware (<a href="/Book_of_Matthew" title="Book of Matthew">Mt</a> <a href="/Matthew_Chapter_1" title="Matthew Chapter 1">1</a>:<a href="/Matthew_Chapter_1%2C_Verse_18" title="Matthew Chapter 1, Verse 18">18</a>-25) of her condition, and took her to his own home.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="238"><a href="#citable__238"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Joseph was supernaturally made aware (Matt.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="238"><a href="#citable__238"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Joseph was supernaturally made aware ( Matt.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="238"><a href="#citable__238"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, Mother of Jesus Christ!</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.zoomnet.net/~bbratt/mary-jc.html">www.zoomnet.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__136" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="136">Soon after this the decree of <a href="/Augustus" title="Augustus">Augustus</a> (<a href="/Book_of_Luke" title="Book of Luke">Lk</a> <a href="/Luke_Chapter_2" title="Luke Chapter 2">2</a>:<a href="/Luke_Chapter_2%2C_Verse_1" title="Luke Chapter 2, Verse 1">1</a>) required that they should proceed to <a href="/Bethlehem" title="Bethlehem">Bethlehem</a> (<a href="/Book_of_Micah" title="Book of Micah">Mic</a> <a href="/Micah_Chapter_5" title="Micah Chapter 5">5</a>:<a href="/Micah_Chapter_5%2C_Verse_2" title="Micah Chapter 5, Verse 2">2</a>), some 80 or 90 miles from <a href="/Nazareth" title="Nazareth">Nazareth</a>; and while they were there they found shelter in the inn or khan provided for <a href="/Strangers" class="mw-redirect" title="Strangers">strangers</a> (<a href="/Book_of_Luke" title="Book of Luke">Lk</a> <a href="/Luke_Chapter_2" title="Luke Chapter 2">2</a>:<a href="/Luke_Chapter_2%2C_Verse_6" title="Luke Chapter 2, Verse 6">6</a>, 7).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="136"><a href="#citable__136"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Soon after this the decree of Augustus ( Luke 2:1 ) required that they should proceed to Bethlehem ( Micah 5:2 ), some 80 or 90 miles from Nazareth; and while they were there they found shelter in the inn or khan provided for strangers ( Luke 2:6,7 ).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="136"><a href="#citable__136"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Soon after this the decree of Augustus (Luke 2:1) required that they should proceed to Bethlehem (Micah 5:2), some 80 or 90 miles (about 130 kilometers) from Nazareth; and while there they found shelter in the inn provided for strangers (Luke 2:6, 7).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="136"><a href="#citable__136"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Soon after this the decree of Augustus (Luke 2:1) required that they should proceed to Bethlehem (Micah 5:2), some 80 or 90 miles from Nazareth; and while they were there they found shelter in the inn or khan provided for strangers (Luke 2:6,7).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__147" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="147">But as the inn was crowded, Mary had to retire to a place among the <a href="/Cattle" title="Cattle">cattle</a>, and there she brought forth her son, who was called <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a> (<a href="/Book_of_Matthew" title="Book of Matthew">Mt</a> <a href="/Matthew_Chapter_1" title="Matthew Chapter 1">1</a>:<a href="/Matthew_Chapter_1%2C_Verse_21" title="Matthew Chapter 1, Verse 21">21</a>), because he was to save his people from their sins.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="147"><a href="#citable__147"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is the mother of Jesus, who is God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="147"><a href="#citable__147"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She will bear a son and you are to name him Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary: Virgin and Ever Virgin</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholicapologetics.org/ap080300.htm">www.catholicapologetics.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="147"><a href="#citable__147"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This is an intimation that she brought forth other sons.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Fulton: Mary - a Perpetual Virgin?</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.abcog.org/mary1.htm">www.abcog.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__270" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="270">This was followed by the presentation in the <a href="/Temple" title="Temple">temple</a>, the flight into <a href="/Egypt" title="Egypt">Egypt</a>, and their return in the following year and residence at <a href="/Nazareth" title="Nazareth">Nazareth</a> (Matt.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="270"><a href="#citable__270"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This was followed by the presentation in the temple, the flight into Egypt , and their return in the following year and residence at Nazareth (Matt.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="270"><a href="#citable__270"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This was followed by the presentation in the temple, the flight into Egypt, and their return in the following year and residence at Nazareth (Matt.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="270"><a href="#citable__270"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The other six sorrows, each represented by a sword, for her suffering during Christ's life: the Flight into Egypt, the lost Child Jesus in the temple, the meeting of Jesus and Mary on the way of the Cross, the crucifixion, the descent from the cross and the burial of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>NMSU Retablo Colletion: Images of Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://artdepartment.nmsu.edu/faculty/zarursite/retablo/col-mary.html">artdepartment.nmsu.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> 2). <a name="citable__146" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="146">There for thirty years Mary, the <a href="/Wife" title="Wife">wife</a> of <a href="/Joseph" title="Joseph">Joseph</a> the carpenter, resides, filling her own humble sphere, and pondering over the strange things that had happened to her.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="146"><a href="#citable__146"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When Joseph awoke he took Mary as his wife.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Solemnity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God | Catholic Exchange </c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://catholicexchange.com/2010/01/01/96982/">catholicexchange.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="146"><a href="#citable__146"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There for thirty years Mary, the wife of Joseph the carpenter , resides, filling her own humble sphere, and pondering over the strange things that had happened to her.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="146"><a href="#citable__146"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There for thirty years Mary, the wife of Joseph the carpenter, resides, filling her own humble sphere, and pondering over the strange things that had happened to her.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__288" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="288">During these years only one event in the history of <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a> is recorded, viz., his going up to <a href="/Jerusalem" title="Jerusalem">Jerusalem</a> when twelve years of age, and his being found among the doctors in the <a href="/Temple" title="Temple">temple</a> (<a href="/Book_of_Luke" title="Book of Luke">Lk</a> <a href="/Luke_Chapter_2" title="Luke Chapter 2">2</a>:<a href="/Luke_Chapter_2%2C_Verse_41" title="Luke Chapter 2, Verse 41">41</a>-52).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There is only one exception in history.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During these years only one event in the history of Jesus is recorded, viz., his going up to Jerusalem when twelve years of age, where he was found among the doctors in the temple (Luke 2:41-52).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesus is the one and only Savior.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scripture Catholic - THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY Q&A</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scripturecatholic.com/mary_qa.html">www.scripturecatholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__114" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="114">Probably also during this period <a href="/Joseph" title="Joseph">Joseph</a> died, for he is not again mentioned.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="114"><a href="#citable__114"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Probably also during this period Joseph died, for he is not again mentioned.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="114"><a href="#citable__114"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Probably also during this period Joseph died, for he is not mentioned again.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="114"><a href="#citable__114"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We must acknowledge that Joseph (Jesus Father) has probably died since we see no references to Joseph after Jesus was 12 years old in Luke 2:41-52.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Lineage Loophole</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.direct.ca/trinity/loophole.html">www.direct.ca</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__91" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="91">After the commencement of our Lord's public ministry little notice is taken of Mary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="91"><a href="#citable__91"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the commencement of our Lord’s public ministry little notice is taken of Mary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="91"><a href="#citable__91"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary gives birth to Our Lord .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="91"><a href="#citable__91"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary during the Passion of Our Lord .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary - Christianity Knowledge Base</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://christianity.wikia.com/wiki/Virgin_Mary">christianity.wikia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__96" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="96">She was present at the <a href="/Marriage" title="Marriage">marriage</a> in <a href="/Cana" title="Cana">Cana</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was present at the marriage in Cana .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was present at the marriage in Cana.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary was also present at the inauguration of Jesus' public ministry when, at the marriage in Cana ; her intercession led to the first public miracle performed by Jesus (John 2:1-11).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__34" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="34">A year and a half after this we find her at <a href="/Capernaum" title="Capernaum">Capernaum</a> (<a href="/Book_of_Matthew" title="Book of Matthew">Mt</a> <a href="/Matthew_Chapter_12" title="Matthew Chapter 12">12</a>:<a href="/Matthew_Chapter_12%2C_Verse_46" title="Matthew Chapter 12, Verse 46">46</a>, 48, 49), where <a href="/Christ" title="Christ">Christ</a> uttered the memorable words, "Who is my <a href="/Mother" title="Mother">mother</a>?</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="34"><a href="#citable__34"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Christ uttered the memorable words, "Who is my mother?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="34"><a href="#citable__34"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A year and a half after this we find her at Capernaum ( Matt.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="34"><a href="#citable__34"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And he replied, "Who are my mother and my brothers?"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MARY IN THE BIBLE</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://maryourmother.net/marybible.html">maryourmother.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> and who are my brethren? And he stretched forth his hand toward his <a href="/Disciples" class="mw-redirect" title="Disciples">disciples</a>, and said, Behold my <a href="/Mother" title="Mother">mother</a> and my brethren!" The next time we find her is at the cross along with her sister Mary, and <a href="/Mary_Magdalene" title="Mary Magdalene">Mary Magdalene</a>, and <a href="/Salome" title="Salome">Salome</a>, and other women (<a href="/Book_of_John" title="Book of John">Jn</a> <a href="/John_Chapter_19" title="John Chapter 19">19</a>:<a href="/John_Chapter_19%2C_Verse_26" title="John Chapter 19, Verse 26">26</a>). <a name="citable__245" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="245">From that hour <a href="/John" title="John">John</a> took her to his own abode.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="245"><a href="#citable__245"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From that hour John took her to his own abode .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="245"><a href="#citable__245"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, Mother of Jesus Christ!</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.zoomnet.net/~bbratt/mary-jc.html">www.zoomnet.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="245"><a href="#citable__245"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the Mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/a/mary.html">www.columbia.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>MARY IN THE BIBLE</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://maryourmother.net/marybible.html">maryourmother.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Virgin Mary Apparition Photo Gallery by GEORGE A. FIAD, SR. at pbase.com</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.pbase.com/gafiad/virgin_mary_apparition">www.pbase.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__88" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="88">She was with the little company in the upper room after the Ascension (<a href="/Book_of_Acts" title="Book of Acts">Acts</a> <a href="/Acts_Chapter_1" title="Acts Chapter 1">1</a>:<a href="/Acts_Chapter_1%2C_Verse_14" title="Acts Chapter 1, Verse 14">14</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="88"><a href="#citable__88"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was with the little company in the upper room after the Ascension ( Acts 1:14 ).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="88"><a href="#citable__88"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was with the little company in the upper room after the Ascension (Acts 1:14).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/mary.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="88"><a href="#citable__88"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Mary is also mentioned as being present in the upper room at Olivet with the apostles and with Jesus' brothers before Pentecost (see Acts 1:14).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary (Virgin Mary) - ninemsn Encarta</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://au.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761566837/Mary_(Virgin_Mary).html">au.encarta.msn.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>Mary (Virgin Mary) - MSN Encarta</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uk.encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761566837/Mary_(Virgin_Mary).html">uk.encarta.msn.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__167" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="167">From this time she wholly disappears from public notice.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="167"><a href="#citable__167"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From this time she wholly disappears from public notice.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="167"><a href="#citable__167"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From this time she wholly disappears from the historical biblical accounts, although it is held by many Christians that she is again portrayed as the heavenly Woman of Revelation (Revelation 12.1).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Bambooweb: Mary, the mother of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bambooweb.com/articles/M/a/Mary,_the_mother_of_Jesus.html">www.bambooweb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__264" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="264">The time and manner of her <a href="/Death" title="Death">death</a> are unknown.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="264"><a href="#citable__264"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The time and manner of her death are unknown.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Mary, the mother of Jesus (WebBible™ Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net</c_title></em> <c_date>11 September 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christiananswers.net/dictionary/mary-motherofjesus.html">www.christiananswers.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Hand Carved Virgin Mary - This Wood Carving makes a great Christian Gift</c_title></em> <c_date>6 February 2010 13:56 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.sacredmint.com/hand-carved-virgin-mary.htm">www.sacredmint.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div class="notice" style="text-align:right"><em>This entry includes text from <a href="/M_G_Easton%2C_Illustrated_Bible_Dictionary%2C_1897" title="M G Easton, Illustrated Bible Dictionary, 1897">Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897</a></em>.</div> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'> <div id="biblewiki_mw_normal_catlinks">Category: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Easton_1897" title="Category:Easton 1897">Easton 1897</a></span></div> </div> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> </div> <div id="core_panel_main" > <div class="section" id="citable_sentences"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="citable_sentences">Citable sentences</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of December 13, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="citable_fragments"> <div id="citableSentencesList"> <p> Here are sentences from other pages on Mary (mother of Jesus), which are similar to those in the above article. <div id="citable__sentence_list"> </div> </p> </div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div id="external_links_revision_history_tooltip"> </div> <script> $(document).ready(function() { $("#external_links_revision_history_fragments a[title]").tooltip({tip: '#external_links_revision_history_tooltip', effect: 'toggle', position: 'bottom right', offset: [-1,2], lazy: true, delay: 100}); $("#external_links_revision_history_fragments img[title]").tooltip({tip: '#external_links_revision_history_tooltip', position: 'bottom right', offset: [-1,0], lazy: true, effect: 'toggle'}); }); </script> <div class="section" id="related_links"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_links">Related links</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of November 16, 2009</span> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>100%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/PAPALDOC/P12MUNIF.HTM" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Actually, enlightened by divine grace and moved by affection for her, God's <B>Mother</B> and our own dearest <B>Mother</B>, they have contemplated in an ever clearer light the wonderful harmony and order of those privileges which the most provident God has lavished upon this loving associate of our Redeemer, privileges which reach such an exalted plane that, except for her, nothing created by God other than the human nature of <B>Jesus</B> Christ has ever reached this level.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>And, although the Church has always recognized this supreme generosity and the perfect harmony of graces and has daily studied them more and more throughout the course of the centuries, still it is in our own age that the privilege of the bodily Assumption into heaven of <B>Mary</B>, the Virgin <B>Mother</B> of God, has certainly shone forth more clearly.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Thus, when it was solemnly proclaimed that <B>Mary</B>, the Virgin <B>Mother</B> of God, was from the very beginning free from the taint of original sin, the minds of the faithful were filled with a stronger hope that the day might soon come when the dogma of the Virgin <B>Mary</B>'s bodily Assumption into heaven would also be defined by the Church's supreme teaching authority.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.ewtn.com/library/PAPALDOC/P12MUNIF.HTM>http://www.ewtn.com/library/PAPALDOC/P12MUNIF.HTM</A>">''Munificentissimus Deus''</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>91%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.yale.edu/yup" title=", 1998, hardcover, 240 pages ISBN 0-300-06951-0; trade paperback, 1990, 2400 pages, ISBN 0-300-97661-5<br><br><A HREF=http://www.yale.edu/yup>http://www.yale.edu/yup</A>">Yale University Press</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>88%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.insecula.com/contact/A004142.html" title="<A HREF=http://www.insecula.com/contact/A004142.html>http://www.insecula.com/contact/A004142.html</A>">632 pictures of the Virgin</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>80%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sophiainstitute.com" title=", 2002, ISBN 1-928832-53-9<br><br><A HREF=http://www.sophiainstitute.com>http://www.sophiainstitute.com</A>">Sophia Institute Press</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>79%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.mariology.com" title="<A HREF=http://www.mariology.com>http://www.mariology.com</A>">See Mariology.com: A Study of the Blessed Virgin in the Scriptures</a> - Mariology.com - Offline</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>64%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_const_19641121_lumen-gentium_en.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>It is no wonder therefore that the usage prevailed among the Fathers whereby they called the <B>mother</B> of God entirely holy and free from all stain of sin, as though fashioned by the Holy Spirit and formed as a new creature.(5*) Adorned from the first instant of her conception with the radiance of an entirely unique holiness, the Virgin of Nazareth is greeted, on God's command, by an angel messenger as "full of grace",(286) and to the heavenly messenger she replies: "Behold the handmaid of the Lord, be</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>But since it has pleased God not to manifest solemnly the mystery cf the salvation of the human race before He would pour forth the Spirit promised by Christ, we see the apostles before the day of Pentecost "persevering with one mind in prayer with the women and <B>Mary</B> the <B>Mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, and with His brethren",(296) and <B>Mary</B> by her prayers imploring the gift of the Spirit, who had already overshadowed her in the Annunciation.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Joined to Christ the Head and in the unity of fellowship with all His saints, the faithful must in the first place reverence the memory "of the glorious ever Virgin <B>Mary</B>, <B>Mother</B> of our God and Lord <B>Jesus</B> Christ".(2*)</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_const_19641121_lumen-gentium_en.html>http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_const_19641121_lumen-gentium_en.html</A>">Dogmatic Constitution on the Church - Lumen Gentium</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>64%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=conflation" title="of the human and divine levels in their veneration of <B>Mary</B>.<br><br><A HREF=http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=conflation>http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=conflation</A>">conflation definition | Dictionary.com</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>62%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.niranamchurch.com/StMary.asp" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>In the orthodox tradition, St <B>Mary</B> is termed as Theotokos (<B>Mother</B> of God) because the scripture says <B>Mary</B> borne and gave birth to the God.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Before dying on the cross, <B>Jesus</B> told to St John, the Apostle "here's your <B>mother</B>" (St John 19:27) and thus gave the responsibility of taking care of her to him.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Due to her humility and piety <B>Mary</B> was chosen by the God to be the <B>mother</B> of Christ, the second of the Holy Trinity.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.niranamchurch.com/StMary.asp>http://www.niranamchurch.com/StMary.asp</A>">St Mary in Indian Orthodox tradition</a> - St. Mary - Niranam Valiapally</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.queenship.org" title=", 1993, Second Edition 2006, soft, 220 pages ISBN 1-882972-06-6<br><br><A HREF=http://www.queenship.org>http://www.queenship.org</A>">Queenship Publishing</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://bible.crosswalk.com/Lexicons/Greek/grk.cgi?number=1401&version=nas" title="<A HREF=http://bible.crosswalk.com/Lexicons/Greek/grk.cgi?number=1401&version=nas>http://bible.crosswalk.com/Lexicons/Greek/grk.cgi?number=1401&version=nas</A>">Doulos</a> - Doulos - NAS Greek Lexicon</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>This article explores historical and modern Christian beliefs about <B>Mary</B> (known as "Mariology"), which includes such doctrines as the Immaculate Conception of <B>Mary</B>, the Virgin Birth of Christ, the perpetual virginity of <B>Mary</B>, the Assumption of <B>Mary</B>, <B>Mary</B> as "Theotokos," and <B>Mary</B> as Coredemptrix and Mediatrix.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Martin Luther said <B>Mary</B> is "the highest woman," that "we can never honour her enough," that "the veneration of <B>Mary</B> is inscribed in the very depths of the human heart" and that we should "wish that everyone know and respect her." John Calvin said, "It cannot be denied that God in choosing and destining <B>Mary</B> to be the <B>Mother</B> of his Son, granted her the highest honor." Zwingli said, "I esteem immensely the <B>Mother</B> of God," and, "The more the honor and love of Christ increase</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>There are several <B>Mary</B>s in the Bible, but by far the most important is <B>Mary</B>, the <B>Mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B>.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm>http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/beliefs/mary.htm</A>">Christian Beliefs about Mary</a> - Doctrine of Mary - ReligionFacts</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/religion/Story/0,,1973400,00.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>All we learn from him is that <B>Jesus</B> had a Jewish <B>mother</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The few gospel allusions to <B>Jesus</B>' family in the accounts of his public life describe him as the son of Joseph and <B>Mary</B>, who had four more sons and several daughters.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>In some ancient Greek, Latin and Aramaic manuscripts, Matthew specifically asserts the paternity of Joseph: "Jacob begot Joseph, and Joseph, to whom the virgin <B>Mary</B> was betrothed, begot <B>Jesus</B>." The same claim was made by the ancient Jewish-Christian community of the Ebionites.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.guardian.co.uk/religion/Story/0,,1973400,00.html>http://www.guardian.co.uk/religion/Story/0,,1973400,00.html</A>">Article on Geza Vermes view that Mary was probably not a virgin in the modern sense of the word.</a> - Mary was probably not a virgin in the modern sense of the word, says Geza Vermes | World news | The Guardian</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.islamfrominside.com/Pages/Tafsir/Tafsir%285-116%20to%20120%29.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>In other words <B>Jesus</B> is known through his <B>mother</B> (son of <B>Mary</B>) whereas <B>Mary</B> is not known though her son (<B>mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B>) but on her own merits.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>So being a son of a woman like <B>Mary</B> is itself a signal honour - so much so that this sonship is made an official title and a mention of <B>Jesus</B> necessitates a mention of his <B>mother</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Collyridians, an Arabian female sect of the 4th century, who had previously worshipped the Great Earth <B>Mother</B>, later made offerings to <B>Mary</B>, who replaced the Earth <B>mother</B> after the advent of Christianity.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.islamfrominside.com/Pages/Tafsir/Tafsir%285-116%20to%20120%29.html>http://www.islamfrominside.com/Pages/Tafsir/Tafsir%285-116%20to%20120%29.html</A>">Significance of Jesus being referred to as "son of Mary" in the Qur'an</a> - Tafsir (Sura 5, verses 116 - 120 - Jesus in Islam)</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>35</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/gospelnicodemus-roberts.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Prologue.-I Ananias, of the propraetor's body-guard, being learned in the law, knowing our Lord <B>Jesus</B> Christ from the Holy Scriptures, coming to Him by faith, and counted worthy of the holy baptism, searching also the memorials written at that time of what was done in the case of our Lord <B>Jesus</B> Christ, which the Jews had laid up in the time of Pontius Pilate, found these memorials written in Hebrew, and by the favour of God have translated them into Greek for the information of all who call u</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Having called a council, the high priests and scribes Annas and Caiaphas and Seines and Dathaes, and Gamaliel, Judas, Levi and Nephthalim, Alexander and Jairus,3 and the rest of the Jews, came to Pilate accusing <B>Jesus</B> about many things, saying: We know this man to be the son of Joseph the carpenter, born of <B>Mary</B>;</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>And <B>Jesus</B> going in, and the standard-bearers holding their standards, the tops of the standards were bent down, and adored <B>Jesus</B>.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/gospelnicodemus-roberts.html>http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/gospelnicodemus-roberts.html</A>">Roberts-Donaldson translation</a> - Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. VIII</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>28</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.catecheticsonline.com/SourcesofDogma2.php" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Likewise it has been decided that whoever says that the grace of God, by which man is justified through <B>Jesus</B> Christ, our Lord, has power only for the remission of sins which have already been committed, and not also for help, that they be not committed, let him be anathema.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>In like manner, whoever says that the same grace of God through <B>Jesus</B> Christ, our Lord, helps us not to sin only for this reason, that through it the understanding of the commands is revealed and opened to us, that we may know what we ought to strive after, what we ought to avoid, but that through this [the power] is not also given to us to love and to be able to do that which we know ought to be done, let him be anathema.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Thus [the holy Fathers] did not hesitate to speak of the holy Virgin as the <B>Mother</B> of God.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.catecheticsonline.com/SourcesofDogma2.php>http://www.catecheticsonline.com/SourcesofDogma2.php</A>">Denziger §111a</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>22</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.egliseimmaculee.com/theologicalmeditation.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The first step in understanding the dogma of the Immaculate Conception is not to confuse the Virginal Conception of <B>Jesus</B> with the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin <B>Mary</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The dogma of the Immaculate Conception doesn't seek to teach us that the Most Blessed <B>Mary</B> entered the world through a virginal conception as was the fact for <B>Jesus</B> Christ.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>When we speak or write about the Virginal Conception we are saying that <B>Jesus</B> was conceived by a virgin, the Blessed Virgin <B>Mary</B>.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.egliseimmaculee.com/theologicalmeditation.htm>http://www.egliseimmaculee.com/theologicalmeditation.htm</A>">The Immaculate Conception. A study by a Melkite archimandrite</a> - EGLISE IMMACULEE CONCEPTION - Theological meditation</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>17</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://fatimafamily.org" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The book is dedicated to <B>Jesus</B> and <B>Mary</B>, then to <B>Mother</B> Angelica who writes the preface on the same theme as the book.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>There is a special feature on the SACRED HEART OF <B>JESUS</B> with a special picture of the Sacred Heart on the cover which I obtained in Fatima many years ago.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Fox's book on the EUCHARIST was now released and available and <B>Mother</B> Angelica writes the Preface - he wanted this priest-author to fly to New York City for his SUNDAY NIGHT LIVE TV SHOW.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://fatimafamily.org>http://fatimafamily.org</A>">Fatima Family Apostolate</a> - Fatima Family Apostolate International dedicated to Our Lady of Fatima</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>18</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://northernway.org/twm/mary/index.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>These pages are dedicated to The Holy <B>Mother</B> in a spirit of love and peace.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>If you prefer to visit an orthodox site about <B>Mary</B>, we suggest the following:</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>If you would like to learn more about <B>Mary</B> as embodiment of the Female Divine and about her ties to other Holy <B>Mother</B>s worshiped around the world, throughout the ages, then please</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://northernway.org/twm/mary/index.html>http://northernway.org/twm/mary/index.html</A>">Experiencing Mary as Goddess</a> - Mary As Goddess: Virgin, Mother, Queen</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sticna.com/consecration_to_the_hearts_of_jesus_and_mary.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>We do so because the Church's doctrine, decrees and liturgy speak of <B>Jesus</B>' and <B>Mary</B>'s hearts (The Church observes the feasts of the Sacred Heart of <B>Jesus</B> and the Immaculate Heart of <B>Mary</B>).</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>When we speak of <B>Jesus</B>' and <B>Mary</B>'s hearts we think of <B>Jesus</B> and <B>Mary</B> under the aspect of the richness of their inner lives, especially of their love for the Father and all people.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>We belong not only to <B>Jesus</B> but also to <B>Mary</B>, because she is our spiritual <B>Mother</B>.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.sticna.com/consecration_to_the_hearts_of_jesus_and_mary.html>http://www.sticna.com/consecration_to_the_hearts_of_jesus_and_mary.html</A>">Consecration to the Hearts of Jesus and Mary</a> - Consecration to the Hearts of Jesus and Mary</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.rosaryoftheunborn.com" title="<A HREF=http://www.rosaryoftheunborn.com>http://www.rosaryoftheunborn.com</A>">Rosary of the Unborn</a> - Rosary of the Unborn</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.catholic.com/thisrock/1998/9812fea2.asp" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Since the <B>mother</B> of the king always ruled as queen <B>mother</B>, we should expect to find the <B>mother</B> of the messianic king playing the role of the true queen <B>mother</B> in the everlasting Kingdom of God.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Besides, how could <B>Mary</B> be a queen, since she is not the wife of the <B>Jesus</B> but only his <B>mother</B>?</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Further, Matthew singles out the intimate relationship between the <B>mother</B> and her royal son by using the phrase "the child and his <B>mother</B>" five times in the first two chapters, recalling the close association between queen <B>mother</B> and royal son as described in the Books of Kings.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.catholic.com/thisrock/1998/9812fea2.asp>http://www.catholic.com/thisrock/1998/9812fea2.asp</A>">Is Mary's Queenship Biblical? (This Rock: December 1998)</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.actapublications.com/detail.html?id=978-0-87946-330-4" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The Catholic Companion to <B>Mary</B> is an attempt to bring <B>Mary</B>, the <B>Mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, to life as a flesh-and-blood human being, using what research, theological study, and the experience of millions of Catholics have revealed about her.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>For those desiring a complete compendium of fact and legend on <B>Mary</B>,</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The Catholic Companion to <B>Mary</B> is the book to have.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.actapublications.com/detail.html?id=978-0-87946-330-4>http://www.actapublications.com/detail.html?id=978-0-87946-330-4</A>">''The Catholic Companion to Mary''</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>As <B>Mary</B> was truly the <B>mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, and as <B>Jesus</B> was truly God from the first moment of His conception, <B>Mary</B> is truly the <B>mother</B> of God.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The Blessed Virgin <B>Mary</B> is the <B>mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B> Christ, the <B>mother</B> of God.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>We may infer from all this that <B>Mary</B> is mentioned in the prophecy of Isaias as <B>mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B> Christ;</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm>http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15464b.htm</A>">Catholic Encyclopedia: The Blessed Virgin Mary</a> - CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Blessed Virgin Mary</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01541c.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The fact of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin <B>Mary</B> is related in Luke 1:26-38.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>John the Baptist by Elizabeth, the angel Gabriel was sent from God to the Virgin <B>Mary</B>, at Nazareth, a small town in the mountains of Galilee.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>And the angel having taken the figure and the form of man, came into the house and said to her: "Hail, full of grace (to whom is given grace, favoured one), the Lord is with thee." <B>Mary</B> having heard the greeting words did not speak;</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01541c.htm>http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01541c.htm</A>">Catholic Encyclopedia: The Annunciation</a> - CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/virginmary_1.shtml" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>In this section, six academic experts explain what we know about the life and times of <B>Mary</B>, the <B>mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>One of the roles that <B>Mary</B> fulfils is the <B>mother</B> that we see in early Christianity;</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD><B>Jesus</B> is God and human so therefore <B>Mary</B> is simply human.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/virginmary_1.shtml>http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/history/virginmary_1.shtml</A>">BBC notes on the Virgin Mary</a> - BBC - Religion & Ethics - Mary: A central figure</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.servidimaria.org/en/attualita/promotori2/promotori2.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>In accordance with a fundamental aspect of our charism, we Servants of <B>Mary</B> must especially deepen our knowledge of the role of the <B>Mother</B> of God in the mystery of Christ and of the Church in order to communicate the richness of this knowledge to the faith-ful and lead them to authentic Marian devotion.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Founded in 1943, this institute is under the direction of the Society of <B>Mary</B> (Marianists).</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.servidimaria.org/en/attualita/promotori2/promotori2.htm>http://www.servidimaria.org/en/attualita/promotori2/promotori2.htm</A>">Attualità dell</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2007/aug/18/religion.news" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>A forthcoming ITV documentary will portray <B>Jesus</B> as Muslims see him.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>With the Koran as a main source and drawing on interviews with scholars and historians, the Muslim <B>Jesus</B> explores how Islam honours Christ as a prophet but not as the son of God.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Instead of dying on the cross, <B>Jesus</B> was rescued by angels and raised to heaven.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2007/aug/18/religion.news>http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2007/aug/18/religion.news</A>">TV airing for Islam's story of Christ | Media | The Guardian</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://mariologicalsocietyofamerica.us" title="<A HREF=http://mariologicalsocietyofamerica.us>http://mariologicalsocietyofamerica.us</A>">mariologicalsocietyofamerica.us</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ccel.org/c/calvin/comment3/comm_vol32/htm/xl.htm" title="Despite the beliefs of these notable Reformers, today most Protestants reject the doctrine of <B>Mary</B>'s perpetual virginity. By the 17th century, the Catholic and Protestant churches came to see <B>Mary</B> as a major point of division, and Protestant theologians began arguing that <B>Mary</B> did not remain a virgin and that the "brothers" of <B>Jesus</B> were indeed his biological half-brothers, sons of <B>Mary</B> and Joseph. Influenced by concerns of too much emphasis on <B>Mary</B> on the part of Catholicism, and holding that the word "<br><br><A HREF=http://www.ccel.org/c/calvin/comment3/comm_vol32/htm/xl.htm>http://www.ccel.org/c/calvin/comment3/comm_vol32/htm/xl.htm</A>">volume 2</a> - Calvin's Commentaries-Complete | Christian Classics Ethereal Library</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ccel.org/c/calvin/comment3/comm_vol31/htm/ix.xv.htm" title="<A HREF=http://www.ccel.org/c/calvin/comment3/comm_vol31/htm/ix.xv.htm>http://www.ccel.org/c/calvin/comment3/comm_vol31/htm/ix.xv.htm</A>">volume 1</a> - Calvin's Commentaries-Complete | Christian Classics Ethereal Library</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://followchrist.info/e_mary.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>But <B>Jesus</B> answered the one who was telling Him and said, "Who is My <B>mother</B> and who are My brothers?" And stretching out His hand toward His disciples, He said, "Behold My <B>mother</B> and My brothers!" For whoever does the will of My Father who is in heaven, he is My brother and sister and <B>mother</B>." (Matthew 12:48-50)</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>If, however, our access to <B>Jesus</B> is again only via <B>Mary</B> this theoretical agreement turns into a practical denial of the unique mediatorship of <B>Jesus</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>But did not <B>Jesus</B>, whilst hanging on the cross, present His own <B>mother</B> to mankind as the <B>mother</B> of all men (John 19:25-27)?</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://followchrist.info/e_mary.html>http://followchrist.info/e_mary.html</A>">Criticism of the veneration of Mary by "Josef", a non-denominational Christian</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://historye.blogspot.com" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>In addition to the main corpus of texts from the early Christian and Gnostic writers, I have included also a sampling of extracts from later writers in the Syriac tradition, and also from Mani and his tradition, together with a few extracts from Muslim writers showing how their traditions have understood the teachings of Issa (<B>Jesus</B>).</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>This record of the sayings of <B>Jesus</B> has excited scholars and ordinary readers alike since the discovery of the Coptic text (c.350CE) at Nag Hammadi in the mid-twentieth century.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://historye.blogspot.com>http://historye.blogspot.com</A>">Noyce Publishing</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>22</B> times over <B>a 11 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.carm.org/catholic/brothers.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>This doctrine maintains that <B>Mary</B> remained a virgin after the birth of <B>Jesus</B> and that biblical references suggesting <B>Jesus</B> had siblings are really references to cousins (Catechism of the Catholic Church, paragraph 510).</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Acts 1:14 - "These all with one mind were continually devoting themselves to prayer, along with the women, and <B>Mary</B> the <B>mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, and with His brothers."</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The virginity of <B>Mary</B> is clearly taught in scripture when describing the birth of <B>Jesus</B>.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.carm.org/catholic/brothers.htm>http://www.carm.org/catholic/brothers.htm</A>">Did Mary Have Other Children?</a> - Did Mary Have Other Children? | Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>18</B> times over <B>an 8 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.philthompson.net/pages/faq/15.html" title="Have you ever wondered what <B>Jesus</B> did when He prayed all night?<br><br><A HREF=http://www.philthompson.net/pages/faq/15.html>http://www.philthompson.net/pages/faq/15.html</A>">If Mary is still a virgin, who are the "Brothers of the Lord"?</a> - S I L O U A N</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>18</B> times over <B>an 8 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/ANSWERS/BROSIS.HTM" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>James the Greater and John were the sons of Zebedee with a <B>mother</B> other than our Blessed <B>Mother</B> <B>Mary</B> (Mt 20:20).</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Never does it refer to the "sons of <B>Mary</B>" or "a son of <B>Mary</B>," but only the son of <B>Mary</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Since <B>Jesus</B>, the first born, had no "blood brother," He entrusted <B>Mary</B> to the care of St.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.ewtn.com/library/ANSWERS/BROSIS.HTM>http://www.ewtn.com/library/ANSWERS/BROSIS.HTM</A>">"Brothers and Sisters of Jesus"</a> - Fr. William Saunders</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>17</B> times over <B>an 8 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.catholicapologetics.org/ap080300.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Not only was <B>Mary</B> the <B>mother</B> of him who is born [in Bethlehem], but of him who, before the world, was eternally born of the Father, from a <B>Mother</B> in time and at the same time man and God.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Elizabeth called <B>Mary</B> <B>Mother</B> of the Lord, because the unity of the person in the two natures of Christ was such that she could have said that the mortal man engendered in the womb of <B>Mary</B> was at the same time the eternal God.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Hence, John the Baptist, a cousin of <B>Jesus</B> (the son of Elizabeth, cousin of <B>Mary</B>) would be called "a brother (adelphos) of <B>Jesus</B>." In the plural, the word means a community based on identity of origin or life.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.catholicapologetics.org/ap080300.htm>http://www.catholicapologetics.org/ap080300.htm</A>">"Mary: Virgin and Ever Vigin"</a> - Mary: Virgin and Ever Virgin</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>17</B> times over <B>an 8 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.cin.org/mateo.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>When he was dying, <B>Jesus</B> entrusted his <B>mother</B> to the apostle John: "<B>Jesus</B>, seeing his <B>mother</B> there, and the disciple, too, whom he loved, standing by, said to his <B>mother</B>, Woman, this is thy son.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Karl Keating of Catholic Answers, San Diego, has written an essay on the perpetual virginity of <B>Mary</B>, the <B>Mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B> Christ, giving reasons for and answering objections to Catholic teaching on this subject.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>We are his family, his brothers and sisters, and <B>Mary</B> His <B>Mother</B> is in the order of resurrection grace the <B>Mother</B> of us all.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.cin.org/mateo.html>http://www.cin.org/mateo.html</A>">"Our Lady's Lifelong Virginity: Some Answers"</a> - Our Lady's Lifelong Virginity - Some Observations</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>18</B> times over <B>an 8 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.catholicculture.org/docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=6956" title="); etc.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.catholicculture.org/docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=6956>http://www.catholicculture.org/docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=6956</A>">Was Mary a Perpetual Virgin?</a> - Catholic Culture : Missing Page Redirect</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>18</B> times over <B>an 8 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/inquirers/evervirgin.aspx" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The same Evangelist, having told of the conversation of the Divine <B>Mother</B> with the twelve-year-old <B>Jesus</B> after their visit to Jerusalem on the Feast of Pascha, ends his account with the words: But His <B>mother</B> kept all these sayings in her heart (Luke 2:51).</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The Most Holy Virgin preserved in her memory and in her heart both the announcement of the Archangel Gabriel and the inspired words of righteous Elizabeth when she was visited by <B>Mary</B>: And whence is this to me, that the <B>Mother</B> of my Lord should come to Me?</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>When the heretics and simple blasphemers refuse to acknowledge the Ever-virginity of the <B>Mother</B> of God on the grounds that the Evangelists mention the "brothers and sisters of <B>Jesus</B>," they are refuted by the following facts from the Gospel:</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/inquirers/evervirgin.aspx>http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/inquirers/evervirgin.aspx</A>">Why is Mary Considered Ever-Virgin?</a> - Why is Mary Considered Ever-Virgin?</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>17</B> times over <B>an 8 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/martin_luther_on_mary.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD><B>Mary</B> is the <B>Mother</B> of <B>Jesus</B> and the <B>Mother</B> of all of us even though it was Christ alone who reposed on her knees .</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>I am supposed to have preached and written that <B>Mary</B>, the <B>mother</B> of God, was not a virgin either before or after the birth of Christ .</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Zwingli had printed in 1524 a sermon on '<B>Mary</B>, ever virgin, <B>mother</B> of God.' {Thurian, ibid., p.76}</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/martin_luther_on_mary.htm>http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/martin_luther_on_mary.htm</A>">Martin Luther on Mary</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>18</B> times over <B>an 8 month</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.adherents.com/adh_branches.html#Christianity" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>This branch is primarily comprised of the Church of <B>Jesus</B> Christ of Latter-day Saints.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Note the difference in capitalization and hyphenation between "Latter Day Saints" (a generic term for the entire branch/movement) and "Latter-day Saints" (members of the Church of <B>Jesus</B> Christ of Latter-day Saints, the predominant religious body).</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Historically this branch also includes the Reorganized Church of <B>Jesus</B> Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS) and a small number of even smaller splinter groups.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.adherents.com/adh_branches.html#Christianity>http://www.adherents.com/adh_branches.html#Christianity</A>">Major Branches of Religions</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://uk.geocities.com/ducatumevangelii@btinternet.com/Maryandjoseph1a.htm" title="<A HREF=http://uk.geocities.com/ducatumevangelii@btinternet.com/Maryandjoseph1a.htm>http://uk.geocities.com/ducatumevangelii@btinternet.com/Maryandjoseph1a.htm</A>">Bernard Orchard, Summary of ''The Betrothal and Marriage of Mary to Joseph'' and chronological chart</a> - DUCATUM EVANGELII: The Betrothal of Mary to Joseph, Summary page 1</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="related_topics"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_topics">Related topics</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of August 19, 2010</span> <ul> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Jesus">Jesus</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Saint_Joseph">Saint Joseph</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Biblical_Magi">Biblical Magi</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Gabriel">Gabriel</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary">Blessed Virgin Mary</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Chronology_of_Jesus">Chronology of Jesus</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Herod_the_Great">Herod the Great</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Adoration_of_the_shepherds">Adoration of the shepherds</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/New_Testament">New Testament</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Holy_Spirit">Holy Spirit</a> </li> </span> </ul> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div></div> </div> <br/><br/><br/> <script type="text/javascript" language="javascript"><!-- function checkEmail(myForm) { if (/^\w+([\.-]?\w+)*@\w+([\.-]?\w+)*(\.\w{2,3})+$/.test(myForm.str_email.value)){ return (true); } alert("Invalid E-mail Address! 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