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Mary of Guelders: Wikis

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Mary of Guelders
Queen consort of Scotland
Reign 3 July 1449 – 3 August 1460
Spouse James II
Issue
James III
Alexander, 1st Duke of Albany
Father Arnold, Duke of Gelderland
Mother Catherine of Cleves
Born 1434
Grave, Netherlands
Died 1 December 1463 (aged 29)
Roxburgh Castle, Scotland
Burial Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh

Mary of Guelders (c. 1434 – 1 December 1463) was the Queen Consort of Scotland as the spouse of king James II of Scotland. She served as Regent of Scotland from 1460 to 1463.

Contents

Biography

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Background

She was the daughter of Arnold, Duke of Guelders and Catherine, eldest daughter of Adolph IV, Duke of Cleves.

Marriage and children

Mary married James II, King of Scots at Holyrood Abbey in Edinburgh on (3 July 1449) and they had seven children.

Regency

After her husband's death, Mary acted as Regent for their son James III of Scotland until her own death 3 years later. As regent, she appointed bishop Kennedy as her chief advisor; their companionship was described as well functioning.

Trinity College Church

A devout Catholic, Mary founded Trinity College Church ca. 1460 in memory of her husband. The church, located in the area now known as Edinburgh's Royal Mile, was demolished in 1848 to make way for Waverley station, although it was partially reconstructed in 1870 under the name Trinity Apse. Mary was buried in the church, although her coffin was moved to Holyrood Abbey in 1848.

External links

References

  • Knut Haeger : Skotsk krönika (A Scottish Chronicle), Stockholm (1982) IBSN 91-20-067366-4 (In Swedish)
Scottish royalty
Preceded by
Joan Beaufort
Queen consort of Scotland
1449 - 1460
Succeeded by
Margaret of Denmark
Preceded by
Joan Beaufort
Queen mother
1460–1463
Succeeded by
Margaret Tudor

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