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Maryland's 1st congressional district: Wikis

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Maryland's 1st congressional district
United States House of Representatives, Maryland District 1 map.png
Current Representative Frank Kratovil (D)
Area 3,653.1 mi²
Distribution 64.1% urban, 35.9% rural
Population (2000) 662,062
Median income $51,918
Ethnicity 85.5% White, 11.2% Black, 1.4% Asian, 1.6% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% other
Occupation 21.9% blue collar, 63.3% white collar, 14.8% gray collar
Cook PVI R+13

The First Congressional District of Maryland is currently represented by Frank Kratovil (D), who won election on November 4, 2008. The first district encompasses the entire Eastern Shore of Maryland, as well as parts of Anne Arundel, Baltimore and Harford Counties.

Contents

Politics

Politically, the district leans Republican, despite the fact that the number of registered Democrats and Republicans are even.

Demographics

The first district of Maryland is 3,653 mi² in size and is 36% rural. As of the 2000 Census, the district is 85% white, 11% black, 1% Asian, and 2% hispanic. The median income of the district is $51,918. Of those living in the district, 13% of the population is over 64, 25% of the population is under 18, and 27% have received a college education.[1]

Recent elections

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2008

United States House of Representatives elections, 2008: Maryland District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Frank Kratovil 177,065 49.1
Republican Andrew P. Harris 174,213 48.3
Libertarian Richard J. Davis 8,873 2.5
Majority 2,852 0.8 -36.89
Turnout 360,480
Democratic gain from Republican Swing 18.0

2006

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006: Maryland District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Wayne Gilchrest 185,177 68.8 -2.5
Democratic Jim Corwin 83,738 31.1 +8.4
Majority 101,439 37.7 -11.0
Turnout 269,147
Republican hold Swing

2004

George W. Bush won the 2004 presidential race with 62% in the first district (CPVI=R+10).

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004: Maryland District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Wayne Gilchrest 245,149 71.3 -2.4
Democratic Kostas Alexakis 77,872 22.7 +0.4
Majority 167,277 48.7 -2.7
Turnout 343,735 80.0 +13.5
Republican hold Swing

2002

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002: Maryland District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Wayne Gilchrest 192,004 73.7 +9.3
Democratic Ann Tamlyn 57,986 22.3 -13.2
Majority 134,018 51.4 +22.5
Turnout 260,538 66.5
Republican hold Swing

2000

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000: Maryland District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Wayne Gilchrest 165,293 64.4
Democratic Bennett Bozman 91,022 35.5
Majority 74,271 28.9
Turnout 256,682
Republican hold Swing

List of Representatives

The following is a list of those who have represented the first district. Also present below are significant events in the history of the district.[2]

Name Took office Left office Party Notes/Events
1 Michael J. Stone March 4, 1789 March 3, 1791 Anti-Administration First congressional district of Maryland created. This district covers Calvert, Charles, and St. Mary's Counties in Southern Maryland.
2 Philip Key March 4, 1791 March 3, 1793 Pro-Administration
3 George Dent March 4, 1793 March 3, 1795 Pro-Administration
March 4, 1795 March 3, 1801 Federalist
4 John Campbell March 4, 1801 March 3, 1811 Federalist
5 Philip Stuart March 4, 1811 March 3, 1819 Federalist
6 Raphael Neale March 4, 1819 March 3, 1825 Federalist Federalist 1819-1823, Adams-Clay Federalist 1823-1825
7 Clement Dorsey March 4, 1825 March 3, 1831 Adams, Anti-Jackson Adams 1825-1829, Anti-Jackson 1829-1831
8 Daniel Jenifer March 4, 1831 March 3, 1833 Anti-Jackson
9 Littleton Dennis March 4, 1833 April 14, 1834 Anti-Jackson Redistricting takes place after the 1830 census. This district now covers Dorchester, Somerset, and Worcester Counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
Death: Littleton Dennis dies in office.
10 John N. Steele May 29, 1834 March 3, 1837 Anti-Jackson Special election: John N. Steele is elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Littleton Dennis.
11 John Dennis March 4, 1837 March 3, 1841 Whig
12 Isaac D. Jones March 4, 1841 March 3, 1843 Whig
13 John Causin March 4, 1843 March 3, 1845 Whig Redistricting takes place after the 1840 census. This district now covers Anne Arundel (except for Howard District), Calvert, Charles, Montgomery, Prince George's, and St. Mary's Counties in Central Maryland and Southern Maryland.
14 John G. Chapman March 4, 1845 March 3, 1849 Whig
15 Richard Bowie March 4, 1849 March 3, 1853 Whig
16 John R. Franklin March 4, 1853 March 3, 1855 Democrat Redistricting takes place after the 1850 census. This district now covers Caroline, Dorchester, Queene Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, and Worcester Counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
17 James A. Stewart March 4, 1855 March 3, 1861 Democrat
18 John W. Crisfield March 4, 1861 March 3, 1863 Unionist Party
19 John A. J. Creswell March 4, 1863 March 3, 1865 Republican Redistricting takes place after the 1860 census. This district now covers Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queene Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, and Worcester Counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
20 Hiram McCullough March 4, 1865 March 3, 1869 Democrat
21 Samuel Hambleton March 4, 1869 March 3, 1873 Democrat Redistricting takes place after the 1870 census. This district now covers Caroline, Dorchester, Kent, Queene Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester Counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
22 Ephraim King Wilson II March 4, 1873 March 3, 1875 Democrat
23 Philip Thomas March 4, 1875 March 3, 1877 Democrat
24 Daniel M. Henry March 4, 1877 March 3, 1881 Democrat
25 George W. Covington March 4, 1881 March 3, 1885 Democrat
26 Charles H. Gibson March 4, 1885 March 3, 1891 Democrat
27 Henry Page March 4, 1891 September 3, 1892 Democrat Resignation: Henry Page resigns to become a judge of the Maryland Court of Appeals.
28 John B. Brown November 8, 1892 March 3, 1893 Democrat Special election: John B. Brown is elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Henry Page.
29 Robert Bratton March 4, 1893 May 10, 1894 Democrat Death: Robert Bratton dies in office.
30 Winder Laird Henry November 6, 1894 March 3, 1895 Democrat Special election: Winder Laird Henry is elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Robert Bratton.
31 Joshua W. Miles March 4, 1895 March 3, 1897 Democrat
32 Isaac A. Barber March 4, 1897 March 3, 1899 Republican
33 John Walter Smith March 4 1899 January 12, 1900 Democrat Resignation: John Walter Smith resigns to become Governor of Maryland.
34 Josiah L. Kerr November 6, 1900 March 3, 1901 Republican Special election: Josiah Kerr is elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Walter Smith.
35 William Humphreys Jackson March 4, 1901 March 3, 1905 Republican Redistricting takes place after the 1900 census. This district now covers Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queene Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester Counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland.
36 Thomas A. Smith March 4, 1905 March 3, 1907 Democrat
37 William Humphreys Jackson March 4, 1907 March 3, 1909 Republican
38 James Harry Covington March 4, 1909 September 30, 1914 Democrat Resignation: James Harry Covington resigns to practice law in Washington, D.C.
39 Jesse D. Price November 3, 1914 March 3, 1919 Democrat Special election: Jesse Price is elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Harry Covington.
40 William N. Andrews March 4, 1919 March 3, 1921 Republican
41 Thomas Alan Goldsborough March 4, 1921 April 5, 1939 Democrat Resignation: Thomas Alan Goldsborough resigns after being appointed an associate justice of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia.
42 David J. Ward June 8, 1939 January 3, 1945 Democrat Special election: David Ward is elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Thomas Alan Goldsborough.
43 Dudley Roe January 3, 1945 January 3, 1947 Democrat
44 Edward T. Miller January 3, 1947 January 3, 1959 Republican
45 Thomas F. Johnson January 3, 1959 January 3, 1963 Democrat
46 Rogers Morton January 3, 1963 January 29, 1971 Republican Redistricting takes place in 1967. This district now covers Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queene Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester Counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, as well as parts of Baltimore County in Central Maryland.
Resignation: Rogers Morton resigns after being appointed United States Secretary of the Interior in the administration of Richard Nixon.
47 William O. Mills May 25, 1971 May 24, 1973 Republican Special election: William O. Mills is elected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Rogers Morton.
Redistricting takes place after the 1970 census. This district now covers Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queene Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester Counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, as well as Calvert, Charles, and St. Mary's Counties in Southern Maryland and Harford County in Central Maryland.
Death: William O. Mills commits suicide while in office.
48 Robert Bauman August 21, 1973 January 3, 1981 Republican Special election: Robert Bauman is elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William O. Mills.
49 Roy Dyson January 3, 1981 January 3, 1991 Democrat
50 Wayne Gilchrest January 3, 1991 January 6, 2009 Republican Redistricting takes place after the 1990 census. This district now covers Caroline, Cecil, Dorchester, Kent, Queene Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico, and Worcester Counties on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, as well as parts of Anne Arundel County in Southern Maryland and Baltimore City in Central Maryland.
51 Frank Kratovil January 6, 2009 Democrat

References

  1. ^ Maryland: Governor and statistics. (2005). In J. Koszczuk, & H. Stern (Eds.), CQ's politics in America 2006 (the 109th Congress). Washington: Congressional Quarterly. Retrieved October 14, 2006, from CQ Electronic Library, CQ's Politics in America Online Edition, http://library.cqpress.com/pia/OEpia109_464. Document ID: OEpia109_464.
  2. ^ *List of Federal Representatives of the State of Maryland, Maryland Archives.


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