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Maryland's 5th congressional district: Wikis

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Maryland's 5th congressional district
United States House of Representatives, Maryland District 5 map.png
Current Representative Steny Hoyer (D)
Area 1,504.25 mi²
Distribution 75.19% urban, 25.81% rural
Population (2000) 662,060
Median income $62,661
Ethnicity 60.2% White, 30.3% Black, 3.7% Asian, 3.5% Hispanic, 0.1% Native American
Occupation 18.8% blue collar, 68% white collar, 12.9% gray collar
Cook PVI D+11

The Fifth Congressional District of Maryland elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives every two years. The district comprises all of Charles, St. Mary's, and Calvert Counties, as well as portions of Prince George's and Anne Arundel Counties. The seat is currently represented by Democrat Steny Hoyer, the House Majority Leader.

Contents

History

When it was formed in 1788, the 5th Congressional District centered on Salisbury, Maryland. It consisted of the current Maryland Counties of Caroline, Dorchester, Wicomico, Somerset and Worcester.

In 1792 the boundaries of Maryland's congressional districts were redrawn, and the 5th District was made to include Baltimore and Baltimore County.

Recent elections

List of representatives

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1789 - 1803: One seat

Name Took office Left office Party Notes/Events
1 George Gale March 4, 1789 March 3, 1791 Pro-Administration
2 William Vans Murray March 4, 1791 March 3, 1793 Pro-Administration Redistricted to the 8th district
3 Samuel Smith March 4, 1793 March 3, 1803 Democratic Republican

1835 - 1843: Two seats

From 1803 to 1833, two seats were apportioned, elected at-large on a general ticket.

Seat A

Name Took office Left office Party Notes/Events
4 Nicholas R. Moore March 4, 1803 March 3, 1811 Democratic Republican
5 Peter Little March 4, 1811 March 3, 1813 Democratic Republican
6 Nicholas R. Moore March 4, 1813  ???, 1815 Democratic Republican Resigned before convening of 14th Congress
7 Samuel Smith January 31, 1816 December 17, 1822 Democratic Republican Resigned after being elected to US Senate
8 Isaac McKim January 4, 1823 March 3, 1823 Democratic Republican
March 4, 1823 March 3, 1825 Jackson DR
8 John Barney March 4, 1825 March 3, 1829 Adams
9 Elias Brown March 4, 1829 March 3, 1831 Jackson
10 John T. W. Worthington March 4, 1831 March 3, 1833 Jackson

Seat B

Name Took office Left office Party Notes/Events
11 William McCreery March 4, 1803 March 3, 1809 Democratic Republican
12 Alexander McKim March 4, 1809 March 3, 1815 Democratic Republican
13 William Pinkney March 4, 1815 April 18, 1816 Democratic Republican Resigned to accept position as Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia
14 Peter Little September 2, 1816 March 3, 1823 Democratic Republican
March 4, 1823 March 3, 1825 Jackson DR
March 4, 1825 March 3, 1829 Adams
15 Benjamin C. Howard March 4, 1829 March 3, 1833 Jackson

1833 - present: One seat

Name Took office Left office Party Notes/Events
16 Isaac McKim March 4, 1833 March 3, 1835 Jackson Redistricted to the 4th district
17 George C. Washington March 4, 1835 March 3, 1837 Anti-Jackson
18 William C. Johnson March 4, 1837 March 3, 1843 Whig
19 Jacob A. Preston March 4, 1843 March 3, 1845 Whig
20 Albert Constable March 4, 1845 March 3, 1847 Democratic
21 Alexander Evans March 4, 1847 March 3, 1853 Whig
22 Henry May March 4, 1853 March 3, 1855 Democratic
23 Henry W. Hoffman March 4, 1855 March 3, 1857 American
24 Jacob M. Kunkel March 4, 1857 March 3, 1861 Democratic
25 Francis Thomas March 4, 1861 March 3, 1863 Unionist Redistricted to the 4th district
26 Benjamin G. Harris March 4, 1863 March 3, 1867 Democratic
27 Frederick Stone March 4, 1867 March 3, 1871 Democratic
28 William M. Merrick March 4, 1871 March 3, 1873 Democratic
29 William J. Albert March 4, 1873 March 3, 1875 Republican
30 Eli J. Henkle March 4, 1875 March 3, 1881 Democratic
31 Andrew G. Chapman March 4, 1881 March 3, 1883 Democratic
32 Hart Benton Holton March 4, 1883 March 3, 1885 Republican
33 Barnes Compton March 4, 1885 March 20, 1890 Democratic contested election
34 Sydney E. Mudd I March 20, 1890 March 3, 1891 Republican
35 Barnes Compton March 4, 1891 May 15, 1894 Democratic resigned
36 Charles E. Coffin November 6, 1894 March 3, 1897 Republican
37 Sydney E. Mudd I March 4, 1897 March 3, 1911 Republican
38 Thomas Parran, Sr. March 4, 1911 March 3, 1913 Republican
39 Frank O. Smith March 4, 1913 March 3, 1915 Democratic
40 Sydney E. Mudd II March 4, 1915 October 11, 1924 Republican died
41 Stephen W. Gambrill November 4, 1924 December 19, 1938 Democratic died
42 Lansdale Sasscer February 3, 1939 January 3, 1953 Democratic
43 Frank Small, Jr. January 3, 1953 January 3, 1955 Republican
44 Richard E. Lankford January 3, 1955 January 3, 1965 Democratic
45 Hervey G. Machen January 3, 1965 January 3, 1969 Democratic
46 Lawrence J. Hogan January 3, 1969 January 3, 1975 Republican
47 Gladys Noon Spellman January 3, 1975 January 3, 1981 Democratic
48 Steny Hoyer May 19, 1981 Present Democratic elected in special election after seat declared vacant on February 24, 1981, Incumbent

Sources


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