Masovia: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Historical division of Masovia

Masovia or Mazovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographic and historic region of east-central Poland. Administrative borders of the contemporary Masovian Voivodeship do not follow historical boundaries of the region. For example, a Masovian city of Łomża belongs instead to the Podlaskie Voivodeship; Skierniewice belongs to Łódź Voivodeship; while Radom, historically part of Lesser Poland, is now part of the Masovian Voivodeship. The Masovia region is spread over the Polish Masovian Plain. Its historic capitals include Płock.[1]

Contents

Early history

Masovian folk costumes

Masovia became part of Poland by the reign of Mieszko I in the 10th century, the first historically known Piast duke of the Polans in the 10th century. After the death of Mieszko II in 1034, the local governor Miecław supported an anti-Christian rebellion, which was subsequently subdued by Casimir I, Duke of Poland, in 1047 with help from Ruthenian units.

Following the death of Bolesław III Wrymouth, Poland was divided into duchies, according to his testament (see fragmentation of Poland). After the death of the last Masovian Piast, Janusz III, in 1526, the province became a voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland. In the late 16th century, importance of Masovia within borders of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth significantly grew, due to the decision of King Sigismund III Vasa, who in 1596 moved capital of the country from Kraków to Warsaw.

Modern history

Masovia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in the 1795 Third Partition of Poland and most of it briefly administered within South Prussia and New East Prussia. The territory became part of the Duchy of Warsaw among others in 1807, during the Napoleonic Wars, but was included within Congress Poland, a protectorate in personal union with the Russian Empire in 1815.

In 1918 following World War I, Masovia was included within the newly formed Republic of Poland. During World War II, the Nazi Germany-occupied Masovia was divided between the General Government and Regierungsbezirk Zichenau in East Prussia. Between September 1939 and June 1941 (see: Operation Barbarossa), eastern Masovia, with Lomza, was occupied by the Soviet Union, who had a friendship treaty with Nazi Germany. Whole province was subsequently restored to Poland after the war.

In 1999 the Masovian Voivodeship was created as one of 16 administrative regions of Poland. It is the biggest voivodeship of the country.

See also

References

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Mazowieckie article)

From Wikitravel

Europe : Central Europe : Poland : Central : Mazowieckie

Mazowieckie [1], also Mazowieckie Voivodship, Masovia or Masovian Voivodship, is a voivodship, also written voivodeship, in Central Poland.

  • Warsaw - the biggest city and capital of Poland as well as Mazowieckie is one of the most historical and important cities in Europe and has become one of the EU's thriving new business centers. The old town has been rebuild according to classicist paintings of Canalletto after World War II.
  • Płock
  • Radom
  • Old Town in Warsaw - after the settlement in Jazdów has been destroyed by Mendog in 1265, the new medieval Warsaw was located north of the Castle, which is presently the Old Town. The Old Town was completely destroyed by the German Wehrmacht and SS after the Warsaw Uprising [2] in 1944, but with a tremendous effort it was rebuilt as early as in the 1950s (the Royal Castle reconstruction was delayed until the 1970s for ideological reasons).

Understand

Masovia was part of Poland since the 10th century. In the beginning of the 11th century Płock in Masovia was for a short time the capital of Poland and two Polish kings from that time are burried in the Płock Cathedral. In 1138 Poland was divided in duchies united by the rule of the senior from Kraków and Masovia, with the capital in Płock, became one of these duchies ruled by Bolesław IV the Curly, the later senior of Poland, and his descendants from the local branch of the Piast dynasty. One of them was Konrad I of Masovia, who was the ruler who called the Teutonic Order for help against the Old Prussians in 1226. When the Polish kingdom was restored in 1295, the Duchy of Masovia remained first independent, but in 1351 the dukes of Masovia became vassals of the Kingdom of Poland, and after the death of the last Masovian Piast, Janusz III of Masovia, in 1526, Masovia became a voivodeship of the Poland. In the 16th century the region of Warmińsko-Mazurskie was largely populated by colonists from Masovia. Masovia was annexed by Prussia in the 1795 third partitions of Poland. In 1807 it became part of the Duchy of Warsaw in during the Napoleonic Wars and later part of Congress Poland after the Congress of Vienna. In 1918 Masovia was included within the newly formed Second Polish Republic. During World War II Nazi Germany occupied Poland and Masovia was divided between the General Government and the Province of East Prussia. It was subsequently restored to Poland after the war. Today, Masovia is entering into the composition of i.a. the 1999 created Masovian Voivodeship.

Talk

Being home to Warsaw, travelers here will find the most diverse population group of Poland in Mazowieckie and with that the most diverse collection of languages can be found here too. Naturally, Polish is the most widely spoken language, but following that, people will also find a multitude of Poles and foreigners who speak other languages such as English and German. Russian, Ukrainian, and Czech can be understood by a fair amount of Slavic language speakers. Some Poles will also be able to speak Spanish and French.

Get in

By plane

Some major airlines, Poland's national carriers LOT Polish Airlines [3], and a low cost airline Centralwings [4] (owned by LOT) and some other low cost airlines fly to Warsaw's Frederic Chopin Airport [5] (WAW). Domestic flights operated by LOT (under Eurolot brand) connect Warsaw with nearly all regional airports in Poland.

Get around

By train

Koleje Mazowieckie [6] is the regional train company in Masovia. The main routes within the region are from Warsaw to Skieniewice, to Kutno, to Łuków, to Małkinia, to Dęblin, to Skarżysko-Kamienna, and to Iłowo.

Stay safe

In Warsaw and other cities, commonsense precautions should prevail - don't flash large amounts of cash around, ensure the safe keeping of valuables, and the like. In rural areas, you'll need to take a few more precautions to save yourself time and hassle. Outside of Warsaw, you'll have a much more difficult time finding doctors or police. In some places, there won't be any gas stations or populated places around for many kilometers. So, you'll want to bring a map so as not to get lost.

Get out

Mazowieckie boarders six other Polish voivodships

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Alternative spellings

  • Mazovia

Proper noun

Singular
Masovia

Plural
-

Masovia

  1. A historic and geographical region of Poland, situated in the east of the country.

Derived terms

Translations


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