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Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Flag of Massachusetts State seal of Massachusetts
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Bay State, The Spirit of America
Motto(s): Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (Latin)
before statehood, known as
the Province of Massachusetts Bay
Map of the United States with Massachusetts highlighted
Official language(s) English
Demonym Bay Staters[1]
Capital Boston
Largest city Boston
Largest metro area Greater Boston
Area  Ranked 44th in the US
 - Total 10,555[2] sq mi
(27,336 km2)
 - Width 183 miles (295 km)
 - Length 113 miles (182 km)
 - % water 25.7
 - Latitude 41° 14′ N to 42° 53′ N
 - Longitude 69° 56′ W to 73° 30′ W
Population  Ranked 15th in the US
 - Total 6,593,587 (2009 est.)[3]
 - Density 809.8/sq mi  (312.7/km2)
Ranked 3rd in the US
 - Median income  $65,401 (6th)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Mount Greylock[4]
3,492 ft  (1,064 m)
 - Mean 500 ft  (150 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[4]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to Union  February 6, 1788 (6th)
Governor Deval Patrick (D)
Lieutenant Governor Tim Murray (D)
U.S. Senators John Kerry (D)
Scott Brown (R)
U.S. House delegation 10 Democrats (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations MA Mass. US-MA
Website http://www.mass.gov
Massachusetts State Symbols
Animate insignia
Bird(s) Black-capped Chickadee, Wild Turkey
Fish Cod
Flower(s) Mayflower
Insect Ladybug
Mammal(s) Right whale, Morgan horse, Tabby cat, Boston Terrier
Reptile Garter snake
Tree American Elm

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Cranberry Juice
Colors Blue, Green, Cranberry
Dance Square Dance
Food Cranberry, Corn muffin, Navy bean, Boston cream pie, Chocolate chip cookie, Boston cream donut
Fossil Mastodon
Gemstone Rhodonite
Mineral Babingtonite
Poem "Blue Hills of Massachusetts"
Rock Roxbury Puddingstone
Shell Wrinkled Whelk
Ship(s) Schooner Ernestina
Slogan(s) Make It Yours,
The Spirit of America
Soil Paxton
Song(s) All Hail to Massachusetts,
Massachusetts,
The Road to Boston,
Massachusetts (Because of You Our Land is Free),
The Great State of Massachusetts,
Say Hello to Someone from Massachusetts,
Ode to Massachusetts
Sport Basketball

Route marker(s)
Massachusetts Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Massachusetts
Released in 2000

Lists of United States state insignia
Court Square, Boston, Old State House in the distance
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts (Listeni /ˌmæsəˈsɪts/) is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, New York to the west, and Vermont and New Hampshire to the north; at its east lies the Atlantic Ocean. Most of its population of 6.6 million lives in the Boston metropolitan area. The eastern half of the state is made up of urban, suburban, and rural areas, while Western Massachusetts is mostly rural. .Massachusetts is the most populous of the six New England states (which include Maine and Massachusetts' border states except New York).^ The site below includes photos of two versions of this motif; the images are of stones in a cemetery in Ohio, but similar examples are commonly seen in New England.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Then, last night, they had dined with the Miss Harringtons, two middle-aged sisters from New York state, Miss Virginia and Miss Louisa.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ If I recall correctly,” he said slowly, “she moved to New York State, after the War.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

It ranks third among U.S. states in GDP per capita.
Massachusetts has been significant throughout American history. Plymouth was the second permanent English settlement in North America. Many of Massachusetts's towns were founded by colonists from England in the 1620s and 1630s. During the eighteenth century, Boston became known as the "Cradle of Liberty" for the agitation there that led to the American Revolution and the independence of the United States from Great Britain. It was also a center of the temperance movement and abolitionist activity before the American Civil War. In 2004, Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legally recognize same-sex marriage. The state has contributed many prominent politicians to national service, including the Adams family and the Kennedy family.
Originally dependent on fishing, agriculture, and trade with Europe, Massachusetts was transformed into a manufacturing center during the Industrial Revolution. During the twentieth century, the state's economy shifted from manufacturing to services. Today, the state is a leader in higher education, health care, high technology, and financial services.

Contents

Name

.The Massachusetts Bay Colony was named after the indigenous population, the Massachusett, whose name can be segmented as mass-adchu-s-et, where mass- is "large", -adchu- is "hill", -s- is a diminutive suffix meaning "small", and -et is a locative suffix, identifying a place.^ Teresa couldn’t even recall whose name had been scribbled on her own small scrap of paper.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

It has been translated as "near the great hill",[5] "by the blue hills", "at the little big hill", or "at the range of hills", referring to the Blue Hills, or in particular, Great Blue Hill, located on the boundary of Milton and Canton, to the southwest of Boston.[6][7][8] (See also the Narragansett name Massachusêuck;[7] Ojibwe misajiwensed, "of the little big hill".)[9] Alternatively, Massachusett has been represented as Moswetuset, from the name of the Moswetuset Hummock (meaning "hill shaped like an arrowhead") in Quincy where Plymouth Colony commander Myles Standish and Squanto, a Native American, met Chief Chickatawbut in 1621.[10][11]
The official name of the state is the "Commonwealth of Massachusetts". Colloquially, it is often referred to simply as "the Commonwealth", although "state" is used interchangeably. .While this designation is part of the state's official name, it has no practical implications.^ Map it John F. Kennedy Library and Museum Designed by I.M. Pei, this is the nation's official memorial to John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th president of the United States.
  • Four Seasons Hotel Boston - Attractions 11 September 2009 12:20 UTC www.fourseasons.com [Source type: News]

.Massachusetts has the same position and powers within the United States as other states and a similar form of internal government.^ But the citizens of Massachusetts are also citizens of the United States.
  • COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS V. MELLON, 262 U. S. 447 (1923) -- US Supreme Court Cases from Justia & Oyez 12 September 2009 6:34 UTC supreme.justia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Massachusetts students score better than those of any other state in the National Assessments of Educational Progress in math.
  • Massachusetts - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The grant is of 'judicial power,' and was not intended to confer upon the courts of the United States jurisdiction of a suit or prosecution by the one State, of such a nature that it could not, on the settled principles of public and international law, be entertained by the judiciary of the other State at all."
  • COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS V. MELLON, 262 U. S. 447 (1923) -- US Supreme Court Cases from Justia & Oyez 12 September 2009 6:34 UTC supreme.justia.com [Source type: Original source]

Geography

Prominent roads and cities in Massachusetts
Massachusetts is bordered on the north by New Hampshire and Vermont; on the west by New York; on the south by Connecticut and Rhode Island; and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the state is uplands of resistant metamorphic rock that were scraped by Pleistocene glaciers that deposited moraines and outwash on a large, sandy, arm-shaped peninsula called Cape Cod and the islands Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket to the south of Cape Cod. Upland elevations increase to the north and west and the highest point in the state is Mount Greylock at 3,491 feet (1,064 m) near the state's northwest corner.
View of the Connecticut River and north-central Pioneer Valley, from Mt. Sugarloaf, South Deerfield
The uplands are interrupted by the downfaulted Pioneer Valley along the Connecticut River and further west by the Housatonic Valley separating the Berkshire Hills from the Taconic Range along the western border with New York.
Boston is located at the innermost point of Massachusetts Bay, at the mouth of the Charles River, the longest river entirely within Massachusetts. Most of the population of the Boston metropolitan area (approximately 4.4 million) does not live in the city proper; eastern Massachusetts on the whole is fairly densely populated and largely suburban as far west as Worcester.
Central Massachusetts encompasses Worcester County, and includes the cities of Worcester, Fitchburg, Leominster, Gardner, Southbridge and small upland towns, forests, and small farms. The Quabbin Reservoir borders the western side of the county, and is the main water supply for the eastern part of the state.[12][13]
The Pioneer Valley along the Connecticut River in Western Massachusetts is urbanized from the Connecticut border (and greater Hartford) north as far as Northampton, and includes Springfield, Chicopee, Agawam, West Springfield, Westfield, and Holyoke. Pioneer Valley economy and population was influenced by agriculturally productive Connecticut River Valley land in the 17th and 18th century, water power for the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century and expansion of higher education in the 20th century.
Massachusetts terrain
The remainder of the state west of Pioneer Valley is mainly uplands, a range of small mountains known as the Berkshires, and also includes parts of the Taconic and Hoosac Ranges. It is the summer home to the Boston Symphony Orchestra (Lenox), Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival, the Norman Rockwell Museum (Stockbridge), Mount Everett and Mount Greylock, the highest point in Massachusetts. .It largely remained in aboriginal hands until the 18th century when Scotch-Irish settlers arrived and found more productive lowlands along the Connecticut River already settled.^ And just as when he arrived at the house on Chestnut Street, Murdoch found himself tucking Teresa up under his left arm, while extending his right hand to his son.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott bowed his head to hide his grin at the memory evoked by those words, the image of his father extending a tumbler of scotch in one large hand.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Availability of better land in western New York and then the Northwest Territory soon put the upland agricultural population into decline but available water power led to 19th century settlement along upland rivers. Pittsfield and North Adams grew into small cities and there are a number of smaller mill towns along the Westfield River.
The geographic center of the state is in the town of Rutland, in Worcester county. .The National Park Service administers a number of natural and historical sites in Massachusetts.^ The Boston African-American National Historic Site: .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The fourteen counties, moving roughly from west to east, are Berkshire, Franklin, Hampshire, Hampden, Worcester, Middlesex, Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Bristol, Plymouth, Barnstable, Dukes, and Nantucket.

Ecology

The primary biome of inland Massachusetts is temperate deciduous forest.[14] Although much of the state had been cleared for agriculture, leaving only traces of old growth forest in isolated pockets, secondary growth has regenerated in many rural areas as farms have been abandoned.[15] Currently, forests cover around 62% of Massachusetts.[16][17] The areas most affected by human development include the Greater Boston area in the east, the smaller Springfield metropolitan area in the west, and the largely agricultural Pioneer Valley.[18] Animals that have become locally extinct over the past few centuries include gray wolves, elk, wolverines, and mountain lions.[19]
Wildlife species that are doing well are adapting to a changing setting. Coyote, White-tailed Deer, Raccoon, and Wild Turkey are now found in suburbs of major cities and are increasing in population. Black Bear and moose have made comebacks in western and central Massachusetts, and are slowly expanding their range. Gray squirrels are numerous in all areas. .Peregrine Falcon can be found nesting on artificial platforms on many of the state's tallest buildings in larger cities such as Boston, Worcester and Springfield.^ Scott had finally finished answering the many messages of condolence he’d received while in Boston, though he anticipated that more such missives might await him at the ranch.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Teresa smiled, thinking of the stone pillars that formed a part of the stately brick walls she’d seen so many of in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The Atlantic Flyway is the primary migration route for North American bird species. .Common Loon are a relatively recent addition to the breeding bird list, their nests at the Wachusett Reservoir are considered the most southerly in the world population of this species.^ And in addition to his Garrett relatives, there were also the loyal employees, some of whom might, even here in Beacon Hill, be almost considered members of the family.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.A significant portion of the eastern population of Long-tailed Duck winter off Nantucket.^ Hargis had long ago impressed upon Teresa that it was “proper” to break off a bite-sized piece of bread and then butter only that small portion.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Small offshore islands are home to a significant population of breeding Roseate Terns, and some beaches are important breeding areas to the endangered Piping Plover.^ Beach roses” some people called them, the flowers were most often a strong clear pink, with cheerful yellow centers.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Massachusetts has an extensive coastline and has a declining commercial fishery out to the continental shelf. Atlantic cod, haddock and American lobster are species harvested here. Gray Seal have a large nursery near Monomoy Island and other islands in Nantucket Sound. Harbor seals are commonly seen feeding and playing just offshore year round. Finally, a significant number of the endangered North Atlantic Right Whales summer on feeding grounds in Cape Cod Bay, so many that the state has recently unveiled a special license plate depicting a right whale with the slogan, "Preserve The Trust". It is an attempt to raise public awareness that these animals are in fact endangered. Whale watching is a popular summer activity off the coast of Massachusetts. Boats regularly sail to Stellwagen Bank to view species such as Humpback Whale, Fin Whale, Minke Whale and Atlantic White-sided Dolphin.

History

Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1882)

Early

Massachusetts was originally inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian linguistic family such as the Wampanoag, Nauset, Nipmuc, Pocomtuc, Mahican, and Massachuset.[20][21] While cultivation of crops like squash and corn supplemented their diets, these tribes were generally dependent on hunting, gathering and fishing for most of their food supply.[20] .Villages consisted of lodges called wigwams as well as long houses,[21] and tribes were led by male elders known as sachems.^ Back then it was understandable that Scott hadn’t ever said anything about being captured, since he hadn’t been at the ranch very long, and they hadn’t known each other very well yet.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, my grandfather called them ‘side whiskers;’ he used to wear his quite long, when he was younger.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, it seems they haven’t known each other very long.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

[22] Large numbers of the indigenous people of the northeast of what is now the United States were killed by waves of smallpox, measles and influenza in the early seventeenth century.[23] In 1617–1619, smallpox reportedly killed 90% of the Massachusetts Bay Native Americans.[24]

Colonial period

The first English settlers in Massachusetts, the Pilgrims, established their settlement at Plymouth in 1620, and developed friendly relations with the native Wampanoag. This was the second successful permanent English colony in North America, after the Jamestown Colony; both were preceded by temporary camps, the unsuccessful Roanoke Colony, and Spanish settlements in Florida in the 1500s. Most early settlers came from within 60 miles (100 km) of Haverhill, England. .The Pilgrims were soon followed by more Puritans who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony at present-day Boston in 1630. The Puritans, whose beliefs included exclusive understanding of the literal truth of the Bible, came to Massachusetts for religious freedom.^ Now what I’d really like ta know, Boston, is if you’ve ever worn the same one for more’n two days runnin’.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ After the initial difficult exchange of stilted and dutiful letters following the older man’s return to Boston, their correspondence had fallen once more into its former pattern.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Holmes presented Scott with a healthy serving of oatmeal and the two of them conversed easily about the journey to Brunswick, the times of the train, the next day’s departure for Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Dissenters such as Anne Hutchinson, Roger Williams, and Thomas Hooker left Massachusetts because of the Puritan society's lack of religious tolerance. In 1636, .Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island, and Hooker founded Connecticut.^ Tagged as: Connecticut , entry-level jobs , environmental , green , Maryland , Massachusetts , New York , Rhode Island , sales , science , Virginia .
  • Entry level jobs in Massachusetts | One Day, One Job 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.onedayonejob.com [Source type: General]

^ It is the largest city in Massachusetts and New England (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut), and the capital of the The Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
  • Boston, Massachusetts Facts, Schools, Colleges, Weather, Zip Code, and More 11 September 2009 12:20 UTC www.citytowninfo.com [Source type: News]

^ Booth #375 MedOptions Clinicians Needed in Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island .
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

By 1636, the colonists had also begun to settle the inland Pioneer Valley along the Connecticut River, where the state's best agricultural land is concentrated.
Racial tensions between Native Americans and European settlers led to King Philip's War of the years 1675–76. Mendon was involved in an early battle in July 1675 and settlers were killed in the Blackstone Valley. There were major campaigns in this war in the Pioneer Valley and Plymouth Colony. In 1690 there was an unsuccessful expedition against French Quebec under William Phips. .Massachusetts became a single colony in 1692, the largest in New England, and one where many American institutions and traditions were formed.^ It still seemed strange to imagine that they were the same ones that twinkled down over the towns and forests of New England.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The colony fought alongside British regulars in a series of French and Indian Wars that were characterized by brutal border raids and successful attacks on British forces in New France (present-day Canada).
Percy's Rescue at Lexington by Ralph Earl and Amos Doolittle from 1775
Massachusetts was a center of the movement for independence from Great Britain, earning it the nickname, the "Cradle of Liberty". Colonists here had long had uneasy relations with the British monarchy, including open rebellion under the Dominion of New England in the 1680s.
The Boston Tea Party is an example of the protest spirit of the later pre-revolutionary period in the 1770s, and the Boston Massacre is a famous incident which escalated the conflict. Actions by patriots such as Sam Adams and John Hancock followed by counter-actions by the Crown were a main reason for the unity of the Thirteen Colonies and the outbreak of the American Revolution. The Battles of Lexington and Concord initiated the American Revolutionary War and were fought in the Massachusetts towns of Concord and Lexington.
Future President George Washington took over what would become the Continental Army after the battle. .His first victory was the 11 month Siege of Boston in early 1776, where his successful fortification of Dorchester Heights forced the British to withdraw from Boston on March 17. This day is celebrated in Massachusetts as Evacuation Day.^ In three days, the train would pass through St. Louis, and early on the third day after that, they would arrive in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The first evening in Boston they’d shared a quiet meal with Mrs. Holmes, but since then, the days had been a constant flurry of activity.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Federal period

.The Massachusetts Constitution was ratified in 1780. The passage of the constitution and subsequent rulings in the Mum Bett and Quock Walker cases effectively made Massachusetts the first state to have a constitution that declared universal rights and, as interpreted by Supreme Judicial Court Chief Justice William Cushing, abolished slavery.^ He’d been waiting out front with the rest of them when Scott finally appeared, carrying his case and dressed in traveling clothes, and Johnny had made a strike at him first thing.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

[25]
On February 6th, 1788, Massachusetts became the sixth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. After independence and during the formative years of independent American government, Shays' Rebellion was an armed uprising in the western half of the state from 1786 to 1787. The rebels were mostly small farmers angered by crushing war debt and taxes.

19th century

On March 15, 1820, Maine separated from Massachusetts, of which it had been first a contiguous and then a non-contiguous part, and entered the Union as the 23rd state as a result of the ratification of the Missouri Compromise.[26]
During the 19th century, Massachusetts and the New England region became a national and world leader in the Industrial Revolution, with the development of machine tools and textiles. .The economy transformed from primarily agricultural to industrial, initially making use of its many rivers, and later the steam engine to power factories for textiles, shoes, furniture, and machinery that drew labor from Yankees on subsistence farms at first, and later drew upon immigrant labor from Canada and Europe.^ When he’d first arrived at the ranch, the Easterner had enlisted Senora Maria’s assistance in learning the basics of the Spanish language used by so many of the ranch employees as well as the local inhabitants.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Horace Mann made the state system of schools the national model. Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson made major contributions to American thought. Members of the Transcendentalism movement, they emphasized the importance of the natural world to humanity.
In the years leading up to the Civil War, Massachusetts was a center of social progressivism, the temperance movement, and abolitionist activity within the United States. Antagonism to these views resulted in anti-abolitionist riots in Massachusetts between 1835 and 1837. The works of abolitionists contributed to subsequent actions of the state during the Civil War. Massachusetts was the first U.S. state to abolish slavery, in a 1783 judicial interpretation of its 1780 constitution, and was the first state to recruit, train, and arm a Black regiment with White officers, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.[27] The Robert Gould Shaw Memorial in Boston Common contains a relief depicting the 54th regiment.[28]
.Massachusetts would establish itself as a leader in education and innovation during this time.^ Now at odd times during the day, Scott’s thoughts might be forcefully interrupted by the recollection that he would never see or talk to his grandfather again.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Alexander Graham Bell invented his telephone in Boston in 1876.

20th century

The industrial economy began a decline in the early twentieth century with the exodus of many manufacturing companies. .By the 1920s competition from the South, followed by the Great Depression, led to the collapse of Massachusetts' two main industries, textiles and shoes, although a few companies would survive into the 1950s.^ She and Angel had written back and forth a few times now, and although Teresa doubted she would ever completely forgive her mother, at least she didn’t hate Angel any more.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In the years following World War II, Massachusetts was transformed from a factory system to a largely service and high-tech based economy.^ In 1872 the great fire in Boston made large drains upon the capital of the state, and several years of depression followed.

^ Billerica - Billerica High School- At the high school in billerica there have been reports of dead war veterans breathing on you and looking over you and following you on the first floor near a band room.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Based in Hopkinton and with over thirty years of experience, he practices law in a creative atmosphere with cost efficient services to the clientele.
  • Massachusetts Attorney Profiles - MA Lawyers - Cornell LII Lawyer Directory 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC lawyers.law.cornell.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Some manufacturing does exist in the State today, generally in specialized markets.
.Government contracts, private investment, and research facilities led to a new and improved industrial climate, with reduced unemployment and increased per capita income.^ Estimated per capita income in 2007: $33,489 .
  • Framingham, Massachusetts (MA) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, move, moving, houses news, sex offenders 18 September 2009 7:33 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Suburbanization flourished, and by the 1970s, the Route 128 corridor was dotted with high-technology companies who recruited graduates of the area's many elite institutions of higher education.
"Tip O'Neil" I- 93 Tunnel Northbound Entrance, Boston
In 1987, the state received federal funding for the Central Artery/Tunnel Project. Known as the "the Big Dig," it was at the time the biggest federal highway project ever approved. .Often controversial, with its estimated $14.6 billion price tag, and claims of mismanagement, the Big Dig has changed the face of Downtown Boston, connecting areas that were once divided by elevated highway, and improving traffic conditions (although traffic problems still exist).^ Although he knew he couldn’t thank his friend enough for making the long trip to Boston, Scott still tried.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott glanced down, and when he looked up again, although he was trying to keep the smile from his face, the amusement still shone in his eyes.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The Kennedy family was prominent in Massachusetts politics in the 20th century, especially with President John F. Kennedy in the 1960s. The famous Kennedy Compound is located at Hyannisport on Cape Cod.

21st century

Cape Cod Bay, a leading tourist destination in Massachusetts.
In recent years tourism has played an ever-important role in the state's economy, with Boston and Cape Cod being the leading destinations. Other popular tourist destinations include Salem, Plymouth and the Berkshires.
In 2004, Massachusetts became the first state in the country to legalize same-sex marriage, and the sixth jurisdiction in the world (after the Netherlands, Belgium, Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec) to do so.
On November 4, 2008, citizens of the state voted to decriminalize the possession of marijuana. Effective January 2, 2009,[29] a person, 18 years of age or older, caught with an ounce or less of marijuana may be charged with a $100 fine as well as face confiscation of any marijuana on their person. The violation will only be considered a civil violation (rather than criminal). Also on that ballot, the citizens voted to ban greyhound racing in the state.
On January 19, 2010, Massachusetts elected Scott Brown as its first Republican Senator since Edward Brooke left office in 1979.

Demographics

Population

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 378,787
1800 422,845 11.6%
1810 472,040 11.6%
1820 523,287 10.9%
1830 610,408 16.6%
1840 737,699 20.9%
1850 994,514 34.8%
1860 1,231,066 23.8%
1870 1,457,351 18.4%
1880 1,783,085 22.4%
1890 2,238,947 25.6%
1900 2,805,346 25.3%
1910 3,366,416 20.0%
1920 3,852,356 14.4%
1930 4,249,614 10.3%
1940 4,316,721 1.6%
1950 4,690,514 8.7%
1960 5,148,578 9.8%
1970 5,689,170 10.5%
1980 5,737,037 0.8%
1990 6,016,425 4.9%
2000 6,349,097 5.5%
Est. 2009 6,593,587 3.9%
Sources:[3][30][31]
Massachusetts had an estimated 2006 population of 6,437,193. An estimated increase of 3,826, or 0.1%, from the prior year and an increase of 88,088, or 1.4%, since the year 2000. This includes an increase since the last census of 149,992 people (499,440 births minus 349,448 deaths) and a decrease from net migration of 89,812 people out of the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 200,155 people, and net migration within the country resulted in a loss of 289,967 people. As of 2000, Massachusetts is the third most densely populated U.S. state, with 809.8 per square mile (312.68 per square kilometer), after New Jersey and Rhode Island, and ahead of Connecticut and Maryland.
.Massachusetts has seen both population increases and decreases in recent years.^ The MASSACHUSETTS area has seen human settlement for at least 8,000 years.
  • MASSACHUSETTS MOVING COMPANIES 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.zmoving.com [Source type: Reference]

.For example, while some Bay Staters are leaving, others including Asian, Hispanic and African immigrants, arrive to replace them.^ W/ the boom in the Hispanic population-were going to have to reinvent, and that's where some will not want to change, and the rest of us will have to look the other way, there is going to be some tough times/decisions for us ahead.
  • Black Entertainment Television [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The presence of a dense population has driven out some, and brought in others, including some noxious weeds.

Massachusetts in 2004 included 881,400 foreign-born residents.
Massachusetts population density map
.Most Bay Staters live within a 60 mile radius of the State House on Beacon Hill, often called Greater Boston: the City of Boston, neighboring cities and towns, the North Shore, South Shore, the northern, western, and southern suburbs, and most of southeastern and central Massachusetts.^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ And if that did happen, if Johnny was “called out,” he’d made it abundantly clear that Scott was to “stay out of it.” Not difficult to do, Scott thought grimly, if he was thousands of miles away, in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The Reverend Leonard Grimes and Mr. William C. Nell were both free-born Negroes who lived on the “North Slope,” often referred to as “Black Beacon Hill,” as well as other more derogatory terms.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Eastern Massachusetts is more urban than Western Massachusetts, which is primarily rural, save for the cities of Springfield, Chicopee, and Northampton, which serve as centers of population density in the Pioneer Valley of the Connecticut River.^ But she couldn’t help wondering if Scott might not be thinking of something more than a boat trying to find its way to the mouth of the river.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Although it was in poor shape, it still cost much more than what was left from my savings.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The center of population of Massachusetts is located in Middlesex County, in the town of Natick.[32]

Race, ancestry, and language

The five largest reported ancestries in Massachusetts are: Irish (23.5%), Italian (13.5%), French/French Canadian (or Franco-American) (12.9%), English (11.4%), German (5.9%).
Massachusetts is the most Irish state in the country in terms of percentage of total population. Massachusetts also has large communities of people of Finnish and Swedish descent; Armenian, Lebanese descent; and Italian descent. Other influential ethnicities are Greek Americans, Lithuanian Americans and Polish Americans. Massachusetts "Yankees," of colonial English ancestry, still have a strong presence. French Americans are the largest group in parts of western and central Massachusetts. Boston's largest immigrant group is the Haitians. Fall River and New Bedford on the south coast have large populations of Portuguese, Brazilian, and Cape Verdean heritage, all of which are also prevalent in the Brockton area. .There is a growing Brazilian population in the Boston area (especially in Framingham) and also an abundant population of Brazilians thrive in Cape Cod especially in Barnstable, Falmouth, and Yarmouth.^ There had never been any question but that Scott would be well cared for, and most of all, safe, growing up in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Lowell, in the northeast of the state, is home to a large Cambodian (Khmer) community, second in the country to the concentration of Cambodians in Long Beach, California. Although many of the Native Americans have intermarried with other ethnic groups (or died in King Philip's War of 1675)[citation needed], the Wampanoag tribe maintains reservations at Aquinnah, at Grafton, on Martha's Vineyard, and at Mashpee on Cape Cod.[33][34] The Nipmuck maintain two state-recognized reservations in the central part of the state. Many Wampanoags and other native people live outside of reservations.
Demographics of Massachusetts (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 89.23% 6.97% 0.62% 4.22% 0.15%
2000 (Hispanic only) 5.64% 1.09% 0.12% 0.06% 0.05%
2005 (total population) 87.89% 7.58% 0.65% 5.13% 0.17%
2005 (Hispanic only) 6.63% 1.29% 0.14% 0.07% 0.05%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) -0.73% 9.65% 4.39% 22.61% 13.10%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) -2.03% 7.84% 2.72% 22.74% 14.37%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 18.51% 19.43% 11.24% 13.47% 10.30%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 6.21% of the population aged five and over speak Spanish at home, while 2.68% speak Portuguese, 1.44% French, and 1.00% Italian.[35]

Religion

St. Paul's Catholic Church, Hingham
Massachusetts was founded and settled by Puritans in the 17th century. The descendants of the Puritans belong to many different churches; in the direct line of inheritance are the Congregational/United Church of Christ and Unitarian Universalist churches. Both of these denominations are noted for their strong support of social justice, civil rights, and moral issues, including strong and early advocacy of abolition of slavery, women's rights, and (after 2000) legal recognition of same-sex marriage. .The world headquarters of the Unitarian-Universalist Church is located on Beacon Hill in Boston.^ Scott found that as they drew nearer to Boston, he was becoming more preoccupied with memories of growing up on Beacon Hill.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ As the carriage wound it way through the tree-lined streets of Beacon Hill to the Old West Church, Teresa asked after everyone back at the ranch.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Today Protestants make up less than 1/4 of the state's population.^ Feeling less than reassured, Johnny moved to the front of the buggy and sprang up to his seat, then waited while Murdoch climbed up more slowly on the other side.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Roman Catholics now predominate because of massive immigration from Ireland, Quebec, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic. A large Jewish population came to the Boston area 1880–1920. Mary Baker Eddy made the Boston Mother Church of Christian Science the world headquarters. Buddhists, Pagans, Hindus, Seventh-day Adventists, Muslims, and Mormons also can be found. Kripalu and the Insight Meditation Center (Barre) are examples of non-western religious centers in Massachusetts.
According to the Association of Religion Data Archives the largest single denominations are the Roman Catholic Church with 3,092,296; the United Church of Christ with 121,826; and the Episcopal Church with 98,963 adherents. Jewish congregations had about 275,000 members.[36]
The religious affiliations of the people of Massachusetts, according to a 2001 survey, are shown in the table below:[37]
Old Ship Church, Hingham, Massachusetts, built 1681, oldest church in America in continuous ecclesiastical use
Religion or Denomination  % of Population
Catholic 44
Baptist 4
No Religion 16
Christian (no denomination specified) 3
Methodist 2
Lutheran 1
Presbyterian 1
Protestant 4
Pentecostal 2
Episcopal 3
Jewish 2
Church of Christ 1
Congregational/United Church of Christ 3
Jehovah's Witness 1
Buddhist 1
Other 5
Refused to Answer 7

Emigration and immigration

.The latest (2009) estimated Census population figures show that Massachusetts has grown by over 3 percent, to 6,593,587 since 2000.[3] This slow growth is likely attributable to the fact that Massachusetts continues to attract top scholars and researchers from across the United States as well as large numbers of immigrants, combined with steady emigration away from the state towards New Hampshire and southern and western regions of the U.S. because of high housing costs, weather, and traffic.^ Harlan Garrett’s attitude towards his former son-in-law would have been unfavorable as well, in part justified by Murdoch’s choice to remain so far away from his son.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ For this chapter and the ones that follow, I’m indebted to a number of different websites for descriptions of period clothing and houses, as well as details of mourning rituals.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ They were so large and the fingers so long that Scott could reach across a good number of the black and white keys with little effort.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Recent census data shows that the number of immigrants living in Massachusetts has increased over 15% from 2000–2005. The biggest influxes are Latin Americans. According to the census, the population of Central Americans rose by 67.7 percent between 2000 and 2005, and the number of South Americans rose by 107.5 percent. And among South Americans, the largest group to increase appeared to be Brazilians, whose numbers rose by 131.4 percent, to 84,836. This surge of immigrants tends to offset emigration, and, of course, given the 350,000 increase in population in the Commonwealth between 1990 and 2000, many immigrants to Massachusetts come from elsewhere in the USA.
.Following the shift to a high-tech economy and the numerous factory closures, few jobs remain for low skilled male workers, who are dropping out of the workforce in large numbers.^ Attorney Morte is a highly skilled trial attorney who has fought against the big law firms and insurance companies and has come out successful.
  • Massachusetts Attorney Profiles - MA Lawyers - Cornell LII Lawyer Directory 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC lawyers.law.cornell.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Quickly shifting through them, he picked out a number of pages.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It took a moment to fish out another, his large hands made clumsy by the heavy leather gloves, the pointed pieces of metal shifting and eluding his grasp.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The percentage of men in the labor force fell from 77.7% in 1989 to 72.8% in 2005. This national trend is most pronounced in Massachusetts.^ Parker's cases have received regional and national press coverage, and have been cited as among the "most important decisions" by the Massachusetts legal press.
  • Massachusetts Attorney Profiles - MA Lawyers - Cornell LII Lawyer Directory 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC lawyers.law.cornell.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the case of men without high school diplomas, 10% have left the labor force between 1990 and 2000.[38]

Economy

Crane Paper Company in Dalton produces the paper material used for printing U. S. Federal Reserve notes
The United States Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Massachusetts's gross state product in 2007 was US $351 billion.[39] The per capita personal income in 2006 was US$47,702, making it the fourth highest in the nation. .Gross state product increased 2.6% from 2004 to 2005, below the national average of 3.5%.^ The gross value of agricultural products is not great compared with that of other industries, but they are of great importance in the economy of the state.

[40]
Sectors vital to the Massachusetts economy include higher education, biotechnology, finance, health care, and tourism. Route 128 was a main center for the development of minicomputers. .Massachusetts was the home of many of the largest computer companies such as Digital Equipment Corporation, Data General, and Wang Laboratories situated around Route 128 and Route 495 (another beltway approximately 25 miles (40 km) farther away from Boston).^ And if that did happen, if Johnny was “called out,” he’d made it abundantly clear that Scott was to “stay out of it.” Not difficult to do, Scott thought grimly, if he was thousands of miles away, in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ While the Hayfords were very good company, she and Scott hadn’t had many moments alone together since leaving Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Most of the larger companies fell into decline after the rise of the personal computer, which was based in large part on software such as Visicalc and Lotus 1-2-3 and hardware technology such as memory and operating systems developed by many of these companies. .High technology remains an important sector, though few of the largest technology companies are based there.^ Even though they’d been apart the past few years, there had been the assumption that Grandfather would be there, waiting, in Boston, just as he’d always been.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Its agricultural outputs are seafood, nursery stock, dairy products, cranberries, tobacco and vegetables.^ The agricultural outputs consist of cranberries, dairy products, vegetables and seafood.
  • Massachusetts Mortgage Rates, Refinance, MA Home Equity Loan, Second Mortgage Interest Rates 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.lender411.com [Source type: General]

.Its industrial outputs are machinery, electrical and electronic equipment, scientific instruments, printing, and publishing.^ Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment .
  • Massachusetts - May 2007 OES State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment .
  • Massachusetts - May 2007 OES State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers .
  • Massachusetts - May 2007 OES State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: Reference]

Thanks largely to the Ocean Spray cooperative, Massachusetts is the second largest cranberry producing state in the union (after Wisconsin).
.As of 2005, there were 6,100 farms in Massachusetts encompassing a total of 520,000 acres (2,100 km2), averaging 85 acres apiece.^ And now he was part owner of a 100,000 acre spread.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Almost 2,300 of Massachusetts' 6,100 farms grossed under $2,500 in 2007. This very low mode income shows that most farms in Massachusetts are not the primary sources of income for their owners.[41] Particular agricultural products of note include tobacco; animals and animal products; and fruits, tree nuts, and berries, for which the state is nationally ranked 11th, 17th, and 16th, respectively.[41]
Massachusetts has a flat-rate personal income tax of 5.3%, with an exemption for income below a threshold that varies from year to year. The state imposes a 6.25% sales tax on retail sales of tangible personal property—except for groceries, clothing, and periodicals—in Massachusetts by any vendor. The sales tax rate has been changed as of August 1, 2009 from 5%.[42] The sales tax is charged on clothing that costs more than $175.00. Only the amount over $175.00 is taxed. All real and tangible personal property located within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is taxable unless specifically exempted by statute. The administration of the assessment and collection of all real and tangible personal property taxes in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is handled by the city and town assessor and collected in the jurisdiction where the property is located. .Massachusetts imposes a tax on any gains from the sale or exchange of capital assets held for more than one year.^ It had been more than twenty-five years .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ And then there's this: "Global cybercrime turned over more money than drug trafficking last year, according to a US Treasury advisor.
  • Crypto-Gram: December 15, 2005 12 September 2009 6:34 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The day had been crisp, more fall-like than the previous ones, and so the evening air was considerably cooler as well.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The state also collects a 12% tax on the sale or exchange of capital assets held for one year or less (short-term capital gains).^ January 25, 2009 at 11:35 pm (48) Janice H says: I lived in Commonwealth of PA for 50 years and moved to TN. One thing I can say is that my property taxes were way higher in PA for way less land.
  • Commonwealth vs. State 9 February 2010 13:17 UTC geography.about.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We are one of the largest providers of short-term and long-term health care services in the United States.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ A school committee consisting of any number of members divisible by three is chosen, one-third each year, at the annual town-meeting or at a special meeting which is held in the same month.

.Interest from non-Massachusetts banks is no longer taxed at 12%, but the first $100 of interest from Massachusetts banks is tax exempt from even the 5.3% tax.^ It hadn’t been until after his twenty-first birthday had come and gone that Scott had decided he no longer cared if he ever received a communication from his absent father.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ His fine voice and musical interest started at a young age, and by 12, he formed his first group along with his three cousins called the Evening Star Quartet.
  • Berklee BeanTown Jazz Festival 16 September 2009 23:41 UTC www.beantownjazz.org [Source type: General]

^ FOXNews.com - FDIC Criticizes Massachusetts Bank With No Bad Loans ...
  • banks Boston - Banks in the United States of America 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC usa.banksdaily.com [Source type: News]

There is no inheritance tax and limited Massachusetts estate tax related to federal estate tax collection.[43]
A recent review by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities found 13 states, including several of the nation's largest, face budget shortfalls for FY2009. Massachusetts faces a deficit that could be as large as $1.2 billion.[44][45]

Transportation

Air service

Logan International Airport, New England's largest transportation center (BOS)in Boston, Massachusetts).
The major airport in the state is Logan International Airport. The airport serves as a focus city for American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, US Airways, and JetBlue Airways.
.Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, TF Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, and Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, New Hampshire also serve as airports to the state as all three are located near the border.^ Much as he was enjoying Teresa’s company, Scott’s spirits were progressively lowered as they neared Boston and he began dwelling on all he had to do.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Massachusetts has approximately 42 public-use airfields, and over 200 private landing spots.[46] Some airports receive funding from the Aeronautics Division of the Massachusetts Department of Transportation and the Federal Aviation Administration; FAA is also the primary regulator. Logan, Hanscom Field, and Worcester Regional Airport (as of 2009-10) are operated by Massport, an independent state transportation agency.

Road

Interstate highways crossing the state include: I-91, I-291, I-391, I-84, I-93, I-95, I-495, I-195, I-395, I-90 (the Massachusetts Turnpike), I-290, and I-190. Other major thoroughfares are U.S. 1, Route 2, Route 3, U.S. Route 3, U.S. Route 6, U.S. Route 20, Route 24, and Route 128. A massive undertaking to depress I-93 in the Boston downtown area called the Big Dig has brought the city's highway system under public scrutiny over the last decade.

Transit

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, serving Greater Boston.
The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) operates public transportation in the form of subway, bus and ferry systems in the Metro Boston area. .It also operates longer distance commuter rail services throughout the larger Greater Boston area, including service to Worcester and Providence, Rhode Island.^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Amtrak operates inter-city rail, including the high-speed Acela service to cities such as Providence, New Haven, New York City, and Washington, D.C. Two heritage railways are in operation: the Cape Cod Central Railroad and the Berkshire Scenic Railway.^ Then, last night, they had dined with the Miss Harringtons, two middle-aged sisters from New York state, Miss Virginia and Miss Louisa.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The route would take them through many large cities, including Chicago and New York.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The train would arrive in New York City quite early the next morning and in Boston some five hours after that.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Sixteen other regional transit authorities provide public transportation in the form of bus services in their local communities. The Woods Hole, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Steamship Authority regulates ferry service to the islands and operates some of those lines.

Freight

As of 2009, 13 common carrier railways still haul freight in Massachusetts. A much larger number are defunct.

Planning and funding

Massachusetts has 10 regional metropolitan planning organizations and 3 non-metropolitan planning organizations covering the remainder of the state; statewide planning is handled by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation.

Law, government, and politics

Law

.The Massachusetts Constitution was ratified in 1780 while the Revolutionary War was in progress, four years after the Articles of Confederation was drafted, and eight years before the present United States Constitution was ratified on June 21, 1788. Drafted by John Adams, the Commonwealth's constitution is the oldest functioning written constitution in continuous effect in the world.^ Teresa had also written that before continuing on to Stockton, she and Scott would most likely spend additional time in Sacramento with the Hayfords.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The state of Maine claims the title of “Toothpick Capital of the World,” manufacturing 90% of the toothpicks used in the United States.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

[47]
Following a November 2003 decision of the state's Supreme Court, Massachusetts became the first state to issue same-sex marriage licenses.[48] Massachusetts was also the first state to mandate health insurance for all its citizens.[49] In 2008, Massachusetts voters passed an initiative decriminalizing possession of small amounts of marijuana.[50]

Government

The governor of Massachusetts is head of the executive branch and serves as chief administrative officer of the state and as commander-in-chief of the Massachusetts National Guard. The current governor is Deval Patrick, a Democrat. All governors of Massachusetts are given the official style His/Her Excellency, a carry-over from the Commonwealth's British past, despite such styles being uncommon in American political traditions. .The title is actually used only on the most formal occasions, such as when the governor addresses the two houses of the General Court sitting in joint convention.^ Most such encounters had occurred away from home; very few men had actually tracked Madrid to the San Joaquin.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Responsibilities of the governor include preparation of the annual budget, nomination of all judicial officers, the granting of pardons (with the approval of the Governor's Council), appointments of the heads of most major state departments, and the acceptance or veto of each bill passed by the Legislature. Several executive offices have also been established, each headed by a secretary appointed by the governor, much like the President's cabinet.
The Governor's Council, also called the Executive Council, is a vestige of British colonial government. It is composed of the Lieutenant Governor and eight councilors elected from councilor districts for a two-year term. It has the constitutional power to approve judicial appointments and pardons, to authorize expenditures from the Treasury, to approve the appointment of constitutional officers if a vacancy occurs when the legislature is not in session, and to compile and certify the results of statewide elections. It also approves the appointments of notaries public and justices of the peace.
The Massachusetts state legislature is formally styled the "General Court" (see Massachusetts General Court). Elected every two years, the General Court is made up of a Senate of 40 members and a House of Representatives of 160 members. The Massachusetts Senate is said to be the second oldest democratic deliberative body in the world.[51] Each branch elects its own leader from its membership. The Senate elects its president; the House its speaker. .These officers exercise power through their appointments of majority floor leaders and whips (the minority party elects its leaders in a party caucus), their selection of chairs and all members of joint committees, and in their rulings as presiding officers.^ The term of all these officers may be limited to one year, or the ' selectmen, clerk, assessors and overseers of the poor may be elected for a term of three years, in which case a part only of the selectmen, assessors and overseers of the poor are elected each year.

^ All 5 present of the 6 elected Council members once again voted to re-accept the lawsuit settlement agreement (after fixing a few typos in the enabling resolution).

^ Planning/Zoning agenda for 6 January '10 meeting J. Codrea selected as Planning Commission Chair; W. Hinkle as BZA Chair; members sworn.

.Joint committees of the General Court are made up of 6 senators and 15 representatives, with a Senate and House chair for each committee.^ Massachusetts is also one of the few states in which the legislature meets in annual session .4 Townships were represented as such in this body (called the General Court) until 1856.

^ The sofas and chairs in each room could be made up as beds.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.These committees must hold hearings on all bills filed.^ I keep hearing from all these Hip-Hop artists from teh streetz!!11!
  • Black Entertainment Television [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Their report usually determines whether or not a bill will pass. Each chamber has its own Rules Committee and Ways and Means Committee and these are among the most important committee assignments.
Judicial appointments are held to the age of seventy. The Supreme Judicial Court, consisting of a chief justice and six associate justices, is the highest court in the Commonwealth; it is empowered to give advisory opinions to the governor and the legislature on questions of law. .All trials are held in departments and divisions of a unified Trial Court, headed by a Chief Justice for Administrative and Management, assisted by an administrator of courts.^ I have been in state and federal courts in ten different jurisdictions, and gained expertise in all stages of litigation, from discovery to trial and appeal.
  • Massachusetts Attorney Profiles - MA Lawyers - Cornell LII Lawyer Directory 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC lawyers.law.cornell.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kickham was responsible for media relations on all legal and trial issues, insurance liability, tort reform and civil justice issues.
  • Massachusetts Attorney Profiles - MA Lawyers - Cornell LII Lawyer Directory 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC lawyers.law.cornell.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It hears civil and criminal cases. .Cases may be appealed to the Supreme Judicial Court or the Appeals Court for review of law, but findings of fact made by the Trial Court are final.^ He’d been waiting out front with the rest of them when Scott finally appeared, carrying his case and dressed in traveling clothes, and Johnny had made a strike at him first thing.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The Superior Court, consisting of a chief justice and 66 associate justices, is the highest department of the Trial Court. Other departments are the Boston Municipal, District, Housing, Juvenile, Land, and Probate Courts.
Massachusetts's Congressional delegation is nearly entirely Democratic.[52][53] Currently, the U.S. senators are John Kerry and Scott Brown. The ten members of the state's delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives are John Olver, Richard Neal, Jim McGovern, Barney Frank, Niki Tsongas, John F. Tierney, Ed Markey, Mike Capuano, Stephen Lynch, and Bill Delahunt.[53] Federal court cases are heard in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, and appeals are heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.[54]

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2008 36.20% 1,105,908 62.01% 1,894,067
2004 36.83% 1,070,109 61.92% 1,803,801
2000 32.51% 878,502 59.93% 1,616,487
1996 28.11% 718,107 61.52% 1,571,763
1992 29.04% 805,049 47.51% 1,318,662
1988 45.42% 1,194,635 53.23% 1,401,416
During the first half of the 1900s, Boston was socially conservative and strongly under the influence of Methodist minister J. Frank Chase and his New England Watch and Ward Society, founded in 1878. .In modern times, few such puritanical social mores persist.^ While there were a few Lancer employees who were capable of doing such work, Scott preferred more experienced hands for his horse.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott smiled his thanks, realizing guiltily that he must have told her more than a few times how much he disliked traveling by stage.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ She and Angel had written back and forth a few times now, and although Teresa doubted she would ever completely forgive her mother, at least she didn’t hate Angel any more.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Massachusetts has since gained a reputation as being a politically liberal state and is often used as an archetype of modern liberalism, hence the usage of the phrase "Massachusetts liberal".[55]
.Massachusetts is the home of the Kennedy family, and routinely votes for the Democratic Party in federal elections: it was the most populous state to have an all-Democratic Congressional delegation (ten representatives and two senators).^ Although there were one or two brick mansions, most of the stately homes were large wooden edifices, many colorfully painted and most embellished with porticos and cupolas, with shutters at each window.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Democrats hold all of the state's other state-wide elected offices as well, making Massachusetts the only state where all congressional seats and all statewide-elected offices are held by a single party.^ He had, in fact, remained motionless in his seat until all of the other passengers had departed.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ All right.” Scott tossed his heavy book onto the seat of the other chair, folded his arms across his chest and stood there a moment, studying her.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Once seated, Scott took a moment to gather himself, and then arbitrarily selected one of the lower drawers, only to find the well-organized collection of correspondence.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

As of the 2006 election, the Republican party holds less than 13% of the seats in both legislative houses of the General Court: in the House, the balance is 141 Democratic to 19 Republican, and in the Senate, 35–5.[56]
.Although Republicans held the governor's office continuously from 1991 to 2007, they have mostly been among the most liberal Republican leaders in the nation, especially William Weld (the first of four recent Republican governors).^ They were seated in the first row, the four of them; Murdoch had Teresa on his left and Mrs. Holmes on his right.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Although they had often corresponded about the books they were reading, on this subject, his grandfather had been secretive, and Scott had to admit that he most likely would not have welcomed the news.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

In presidential elections, Massachusetts supported Republicans through 1924, and was considered a swing state until the 1980s. More recently, it has gradually shifted to the Democratic Party since 1988. In the 2004 election, Massachusetts gave native son John Kerry 61.9% of the vote and his largest margin of victory in any state.[57] In 2008, President Barack Obama carried the state with 61.8% of the vote.[58] The most recent statewide election, a special election in 2010 for the U.S. Senate, saw Republican Scott Brown defeat Democrat Martha Coakley in an upset, by a 52% to 47% margin.

Cities, towns, and counties

Boston, the largest city and capital of Massachusetts
There are 53 cities and 298 towns in Massachusetts, grouped into 14 counties.[59] .Eleven communities which call themselves "towns" are, by law, cities since they have traded the town meeting form of government for a mayor-council or manager-council form.^ They retired a bit earlier than was usual, since they needed to meet the train promptly the next morning.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ But since their departure from Boston, they’d managed little more than a few chaste kisses and her insecurities ---and frustrations---were returning .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

[60] Boston is the state capital and largest city. The population of the city proper is 609,023,[61] and Greater Boston, with a population of 4,522,858, is the 10th largest metropolitan area in the nation.[62] Other cities with a population over 100,000 include Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, and Cambridge.[63]
.Massachusetts, along with the five other New England states, features the local governmental structure known as the New England town.^ It still seemed strange to imagine that they were the same ones that twinkled down over the towns and forests of New England.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

[64] In this structure, incorporated towns—as opposed to townships or counties—hold many of the responsibilities and powers of local government.[64] Some of the county governments were abolished by the commonwealth in 1997, and elect only a sheriff and registrar of deed who are part of the state government.[65] Others have been reorganized, and a few still retain county councils.[65]

Education

The Widener Library at Harvard University. .Harvard is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and has the largest academic library in the world.^ The state of Maine claims the title of “Toothpick Capital of the World,” manufacturing 90% of the toothpicks used in the United States.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

[66]
Massachusetts has historically had a strong commitment to education. .It was the first state to require municipalities to appoint a teacher or establish a grammar school (albeit paid by the parents of the pupils) with the passage of the Massachusetts Education Law of 1647; this mandate was later made a part of the state constitution in 1789. The town of Franklin has been noted to be the birthplace of public education in North America, due to the fact that education pioneer Horace Mann was born in the town, and The Public Library is the first public library in America.^ Captain Ben Harding had been a member of Company B of the First Battalion of the Georgia Sharpshooters, organized by Colonel Anderson, later part of Walker’s Brigade in the Vicksburg campaign.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.April 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Massachusetts is home to the country's oldest high school, Boston Latin School (founded 1635), America's first publicly funded high school, Dedham, (founded 1643), oldest college, now called Harvard University (founded 1636), oldest incorporated preparatory school, Phillips Academy (founded 1778), first racially integrated high school Lowell, and oldest municipally supported free library, Boston Public Library (founded 1848).^ It was exceptionally loud and her first few nights in Boston, Teresa had found it very difficult to sleep because of it.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ As it happened, they arrived at Harvard College well before Murdoch’s story reached the point of his first encounter with Catherine’s formidable father.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ A published historian, Nell had led the fight to successfully integrate the performance halls and public schools of Boston and continued to spearhead the efforts to achieve racial equality.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In 1852, Massachusetts became the first state to pass compulsory school attendance laws.^ This was the first state law of the kind in the country.

^ Since 1850 truant and compulsory attendance laws (the first compulsory education law was passed in 1642) have been enforced in conjunction with laws against child labour.

^ The Federal Constitution was ratified by Massachusetts by only a small majority on the 6th of February 1788, after its rejection had been at one time imminent; but Massachusetts became a strong Federalist state.

[67] The per-student public expenditure for elementary and secondary schools (kindergarten through grade 12) was fifth in the nation in 2004, at $11,681.[68] Massachusetts has scored highest of all the states in math on the National Assessments of Educational Progress.[citation needed]
Massachusetts is home to many well-known preparatory schools, colleges, and universities. .There are more than 40 colleges located in the greater Boston area alone.^ Again, there is far more to it than that simplicity.
  • Commonwealth vs. State 9 February 2010 13:17 UTC geography.about.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With almost 40 years of experience and more than 380 locations in 39 states, Gentiva leads the industry with annual revenues of more than a billion dollars, serving approximately half a million patients a year.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ As he’d come to know the man, Scott had dared to hope there might be more to the story than that final punctuation point.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Ten colleges and universities are located in the greater Worcester area. The University of Massachusetts (nicknamed UMass) is the five-campus public university system of the Commonwealth. The population of metropolitan Boston and Worcester, and of the Five Colleges area in Western Massachusetts, in particular, surges during the school year. Massachusetts is also home to several other state funded 2 and 4 year colleges.

Media

There are two major television media markets located in Massachusetts. .The Boston/Worcester market is the 7th largest in the United States.^ We are one of the largest providers of short-term and long-term health care services in the United States.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ But in 1907 Boston was the second port of the United States in the magnitude of its foreign commerce.

^ Priceline Travel Guides → United States → Massachusetts → Boston BOSTON .
  • Boston, MA Travel Guides | Priceline.com 11 September 2009 12:20 UTC travela.priceline.com [Source type: General]

All major networks are represented. The other market surrounds the Springfield area. .Some communities in Berkshire county are serviced by the Albany, New York market, and some southeastern Massachusetts communities are serviced by the Providence, Rhode Island market.^ The train would arrive in New York City quite early the next morning and in Boston some five hours after that.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The Boston Globe, Boston Herald, Worcester Telegram & Gazette and the Springfield Republican are the Commonwealth's largest daily newspapers. In addition, there are many community dailies and weeklies. .There are a number of major radio stations (AM stations with up to 50,000 watts of effective radiated power, FM stations with more than 20,000 watts) which serve Massachusetts, along with many more regional and community-based stations.^ As he’d come to know the man, Scott had dared to hope there might be more to the story than that final punctuation point.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Feeling less than reassured, Johnny moved to the front of the buggy and sprang up to his seat, then waited while Murdoch climbed up more slowly on the other side.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Murdoch picked up the mallet to attack yet another bent nail, pounding with far more force than was necessary to straighten it.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Some colleges and universities also operate campus television and radio stations, and print their own newspapers.

Sports and recreation

Organized sports

Boston Celtics in a game versus the Miami Heat at the TD Garden, Boston.
Massachusetts has a long history with amateur athletics and professional teams. Most of the major professional teams have won multiple championships in their respective leagues. .Massachusetts teams have won five Stanley Cups (Boston Bruins),[69] seventeen NBA Championships (Boston Celtics),[70] three Super Bowls (New England Patriots),[71] and eight World Series (seven for the Boston Red Sox, one for the Boston Braves).^ It still seemed strange to imagine that they were the same ones that twinkled down over the towns and forests of New England.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The train would arrive in New York City quite early the next morning and in Boston some five hours after that.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

[72] The state is also the home to the Basketball Hall of Fame (Springfield) and the Volleyball Hall of Fame (Holyoke); those sports were invented in the Commonwealth.[73] .Massachusetts is also the home of the Cape Cod Baseball League and prestigious sporting events such as the Boston Marathon, the Eastern Sprints (rowing) on Lake Quinsigamond in Worcester, and the Head of the Charles Regatta (also a rowing event).^ But having spent the first twenty-four years of his life in Boston, it was difficult for him not to still think of that large Eastern city as his “Home,” as well.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The Falmouth Road Race (running) and the Fitchburg Longsjo Classic (bicycle racing) are also very popular events with long and distinguished histories.
.A number of major golf events have taken place in Massachusetts, including nine U.S. Opens and two Ryder Cups, among others.^ As a boy, he’d also ---secretly--- read books and articles about the West, including everything he could find about the Gold Rush, simply because the event had taken place in far-off, mysterious California.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ And then he still would have to face the other questions that surely would follow ---including the one Johnny had asked--—why had it taken him so long?
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The two of them could have gone on ahead together, and there would have been a chance to hear Johnny’s version of any events that had taken place.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

[74][75][76] The New England Revolution is the Major League Soccer team in Massachusetts,[77] and the Boston Cannons are the Major League Lacrosse team.[78]
.Many colleges and universities in Massachusetts are active in college athletics.^ Scholarships.com - Massachusetts Colleges & Universities Find College Scholarships Take a Tour Login .
  • Scholarships.com - Massachusetts Colleges & Universities 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.scholarships.com [Source type: News]

There are a number of NCAA Division I teams in the state involved in multiple sports: Harvard University, Boston College, Boston University, Northeastern University, College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.[79][80][81]

Outdoor recreation

Hingham Town Landing, Hingham harbor
Sailing and yachting are popular along the Massachusetts coast and the offshore islands. Hiking and cross-country skiing are also popular activities in many of the state's undeveloped lands. The Appalachian Trail, the Metacomet-Monadnock Trail, the Midstate Trail, and the Bay Circuit Trail are all long-distance hiking trails. The Tully Trail, a 22-mile (35 km) loop near the northern end of the huge Quabbin reservoir (through the towns of Athol, Orange, Warwick, and Royalston) incorporates waterfalls and stunning vistas. .A handful of downhill skiing operators still maintain slopes in Massachusetts, although many skiers prefer to drive to major resorts in Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine.^ Where the trees on Beacon Hill were for the most part still dressed in summer greens, those in New Hampshire and Maine were already beginning to don warmer shades of yellow and red.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The preferred wood is white birch and Forster’s factory still operates today, in Strong, Maine.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The stars were out, although many of those in the northern sky were obscured by thick clouds.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Sport fishing has a strong following. .Spincasting during the warmer months and ice fishing during the winter on inland lakes and ponds, fly fishing inland rivers for trout, surf casting for striped bass and bluefish, and deep-sea fishing for cod and haddock also remain popular.^ Since his aunt intended to be in the city during the winter months, at least the household staff could stay on that much longer.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Hunting, primarily for whitetail deer and waterfowl, continues to attract a number of residents. Horseback riding is also very popular in Massachusetts.

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth". The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. http://www.mass.gov/legis/laws/mgl/2-35.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-29. : "Bay Staters" shall be the official designation of citizens of the commonwealth."
  2. ^ (formerly 43,969 sq mi (113,880 km2). before Maine became a separate state)
  3. ^ a b c "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved November 6, 2006. 
  5. ^ William Wallace Tooker. Algonquian Names of some Mountains and Hills. 1904.
  6. ^ This derivation is located in C. Lawrence Bond, Native Names of New England Towns and Villages, privately published, Topsfield, Massachusetts, 1991. The pamphlet was never mass produced but it is probably obtainable through the library or bookstores in Topsfield.
  7. ^ a b Salwen, Bert, 1978. Indians of Southern New England and Long Island: Early Period. In "Northeast", ed. Bruce G. Trigger. Vol. 15 of "Handbook of North American Indians", ed. William C. Sturtevant, pp. 160–176. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. Quoted in: Campbell, Lyle. 1997. American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pg. 401
  8. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American Place Names of the United States. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, pg. 270
  9. ^ "Freelang Ojibwe Dictionary". Freelang.net. http://www.freelang.net/dictionary/ojibwe.html. 
  10. ^ "East Squantum Street (Moswetuset Hummock)". Quincy, Mass. Historical and Architectural Survey. Thomas Crane Public Library. 1986. http://thomascranelibrary.org/htm/436.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  11. ^ Neal, Daniel (1747). "XIV: The Present State of New England". The history of New-England. 2 (2 ed.). London: Printed for A. Ward. p. 216. OCLC 8616817. http://books.google.com/books?id=u3opAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA216. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  12. ^ The North Quabbin Woods: www.northquabbinwoods.org
  13. ^ Massachusetts Cities and TownsPDF (390 KB) (map; see text on map). Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved January 14, 2007.
  14. ^ "A Short Introduction to Terrestrial Biomes". www.nearctica.com. http://www.nearctica.com/ecology/habitats/biointro.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  15. ^ Stocker, Carol. Old growth, grand specimens drive big-tree hunters [1] The Boston Globe. November 17, 2005. . Retrieved 2009-10-17.
  16. ^ "Current Research — Working Landscaps". The Center for Rural Massachusetts — The University of Massachusetts. http://www.umass.edu/ruralmass/currentresearch.html. Retrieved 2009-03-19. 
  17. ^ "Massachusetts Forests". MassWoods Forest Conservation Program — The University of Massachusetts. http://www.masswoods.net/index.php/forests. Retrieved 2009-03-19. 
  18. ^ "Northeastern Coastal Zone — Ecoregion Description". United States Geological Survey. http://landcovertrends.usgs.gov/east/eco59Report.html. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  19. ^ "State Mammal List". Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife. http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/wildlife/facts/mammals/mammal_list.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  20. ^ a b Brown and Tager, pp. 6-7.
  21. ^ a b "Origin & Early Mohican History". Stockbridge-Munsee Community — Band of Mohican Indians. http://mohican-nsn.gov/Departments/Library-Museum/Mohican_History/origin-and-early.htm. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  22. ^ Brown and Tager, p. 7.
  23. ^ Hoxie, Frederick E. (1996). Encyclopedia of North American Indians. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 164. ISBN 9780395669211. OCLC 34669430. http://books.google.com/books?id=o-BNU7QuJkYC&pg=PA164. Retrieved 2009-07-30. 
  24. ^ David A. Koplow, Smallpox: The Fight to Eradicate a Global Scourge
  25. ^ "Massachusetts Constitution, Judicial Review, and Slavery – The Quock Walker Case". Massachusetts Judicial Branch. 2007. http://www.mass.gov/courts/sjc/constitution-slavery-e.html. Retrieved 11 December 2009.  The Constitution of the Vermont Republic, adopted in 1777, prohibited involuntary servitude. Vermont became a state in 1791 and subsequently ratified a newer constitution in 1793. The Pennsylvania Gradual Abolition Act of 1780[2] made Pennsylvania the first state to abolish slavery by statute.[3]
  26. ^ "Maine History (Statehood)". www.maine.gov. http://www.maine.gov/legis/senate/statehouse/history/hstry5.htm. Retrieved April 11, 2008. 
  27. ^ "Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Regiment". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/boaf/historyculture/shaw.htm. Retrieved October 19, 2009. 
  28. ^ "Augustus Saint-Gaudens". National Gallery of Art. http://www.nga.gov/education/schoolarts/gaudens.htm. Retrieved October 19, 2009. 
  29. ^ "Emily J. LaGrassa, spokeswoman for the attorney general, said the ballot question takes effect 30 days after the officials results are presented to the Governor's Council. In an e-mail on Wednesday, she said Jan. 2 is the date the law takes effect. "
  30. ^ Population: 1790 to 1990PDF (35.4 KB) census.gov
  31. ^ Resident Population of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: Census 2000 census.gov
  32. ^ Population and Population Centers by State: 2000. United States Census Bureau, United States Deparatment of Commerce. Retrieved January 14, 2007.
  33. ^ Associated Press. Wampanoag Tribe Receives Federal Recognition WBZ-TV, Boston Massachusetts. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  34. ^ Weber, David. Mashpee Wampanoag Indians receive federal recognition The Boston Globe February 15, 2007. Retrieved February 20, 2007.
  35. ^ Most spoken languages in Massachusetts MLA Language Map Data Center. Modern Language Association. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
  36. ^ http://www.thearda.com/mapsReports/reports/state/25_2000.asp
  37. ^ "American Religious Identification Survey". Exhibit 15. The Graduate Center, City University of New York. http://www.gc.cuny.edu/faculty/research_briefs/aris/key_findings.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  38. ^ Article The Boston Globe December 10, 2006, "Bay State's labor force diminishing"
  39. ^ http://www.bea.gov/regional/gsp/
  40. ^ Retrieved 18 September 2006.
  41. ^ a b [4]PDF (34.5 KB)
  42. ^ Massachusetts state legislature. "Chapter 27 of the Acts of 2009". Boston, Massachusetts: Commonwealth of Massachusetts. p. Sections 53 and 155. http://www.mass.gov/legis/laws/seslaw09/sl090027.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  43. ^ www.mass.gov, Massachusetts Tax Rates
  44. ^ Budget Monitor: House 2: Governor's FY 2009 Budget Proposal, Massachusetts Budget and Policy Center
  45. ^ 13 States Face Total Budget Shortfall of at Least $23 Billion in 2009; 11 Others Expect Budget Problems, 12/18/07, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
  46. ^ http://www.massaeronautics.org/default.asp?pgid=AeroAbout&sid=level2
  47. ^ "John Adams and the Massachusetts Constitution". Massachusetts Judicial Branch, mass.gov. 2007. http://www.mass.gov/courts/sjc/john-adams-b.html. Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  48. ^ "Same-sex couples ready to make history in Massachusetts". CNN. 2004-05-17. http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/05/17/mass.gay.marriage/index.html. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  49. ^ "Massachusetts Makes Health Insurance Mandatory". National Public Radio. 2007-07-03. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=11689698. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  50. ^ "2008 Return of Votes Complete" (PDF). Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. 2008-12-17. http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elepdf/2008%20Return%20of%20Votes%20Complete.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  51. ^ Massachusetts Facts, Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth
  52. ^ "Members of the 111th Congress". United States Senate. http://www.senate.gov/general/contact_information/senators_cfm.cfm. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  53. ^ a b "Massachusetts Congressional Districts" (PDF). Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth. http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cispdf/ma_uscongress.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  54. ^ "Geographic Boundaries of United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts" (PDF). www.uscourts.gov. http://www.uscourts.gov/images/CircuitMap.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  55. ^ Susan Page and Jill Lawrence (2004-07-11). "Does 'Massachusetts liberal' label still matter?". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/politicselections/nation/president/2004-07-25-mass-liberal_x.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  56. ^ "State Vote 2006: Election Profile, Massachusetts" State Legislatures Magazine, National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
  57. ^ "Federal Elections 2004 (page 22)". Federal Election Commission. http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2004/federalelections2004.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  58. ^ "2008 Presidential Popular Vote Summary". Federal Election Commission. http://www.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2008/tables2008.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-17. 
  59. ^ Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth: A Listing of Counties and the Cities and Towns Within
  60. ^ See Administrative divisions of Massachusetts#The city/town distinction.
  61. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2008 Population : April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (SUB-EST2008-01)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2008-01.csv. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  62. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008" (CSV). 2008 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 19, 2009. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2008/CBSA-EST2008-01.csv. Retrieved October 19, 2009. 
  63. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population for all Incorporated Places in Massachusetts: 2000-2007". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2007-04-25.csv. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  64. ^ a b Sokolow, pp. 293-6
  65. ^ a b "Massachusetts Government: County Government". League of Women Voters. http://www.lwvma.org/govcounty.shtml. Retrieved 2009-10-19. 
  66. ^ "Speaking Volumes: Professor Sidney Verba Champions the University Library". Harvard Gazette (The President and Fellows of Harvard College). 1998-02-26. http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/1998/02.26/SpeakingVolumes.html. Retrieved 2007-02-19. 
  67. ^ Compulsory Education National Conference of State Legislatures.'.' Retrieved December 28, 2006.
  68. ^ Table 5. Current Expenditures ($) per Student in Public K-12 Schools, 2004-05 Source footnote: "Rankings & Estimates 2005-2006, Rankings, Table H-11." ( NEA Research, Estimates Database (2006). K–12 = "Elementary and Secondary".) National Education Association'.' Retrieved January 12, 2007.
  69. ^ "Stanley Cup Winners". Hockey Hall of Fame. http://www.legendsofhockey.net/LegendsOfHockey/jsp/SilverwareTrophyWinners.jsp?tro=STC. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  70. ^ "Celtics History — Championship Wins". National Basketball Association. http://www.nba.com/celtics/history/ChampionshipWins.html. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  71. ^ "Super Bowl History". National Football League. http://www.nfl.com/superbowl/history. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  72. ^ "MLB World Series Winners". ESPN. http://espn.go.com/mlb/worldseries/history/winners. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  73. ^ "Volleyball pushed as official team sport of Mass.". Boston Herald. 2009-10-04. http://news.bostonherald.com/news/politics/view.bg?articleid=1202148. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  74. ^ "2009 U.S. Open — Past Champions". United States Golf Association. http://usga.usopen.com/2009/history/past-champions.html. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  75. ^ "Past Results". Ryder Cup. http://www.rydercup.com/2010/usa/history/past_results.html. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  76. ^ "Deutsche Bank Championship". Professional Golfers' Association of America. http://www.pgatour.com/tournaments/r505/. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  77. ^ "Stadium Information". Gillette Stadium. http://www.gillettestadium.com/stadium_information/. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  78. ^ "MLL Standings". Major League Lacrosse. http://mll-boston.stats.pointstreak.com/standings.html?leagueid=323&seasonid=3806. Retrieved October 21, 2009. 
  79. ^ "College Football Teams (FBS and FCS)". ESPN. http://espn.go.com/college-football/teams. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  80. ^ "College Basketball Teams — Division I Teams". ESPN. http://sports.espn.go.com/ncb/teams. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  81. ^ "Terrier Hockey". Boston University. http://www.bu.edu/agganis/events/terriers/mhockey/index.html. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 

Bibliography

  • Brown, Richard D.; Tager, Jack (2000). Massachusetts: A Concise History. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 1558492488. 
  • Sokolow, Alvin D. (1997). "Town and Township Government: Serving Rural and Suburban Communities". Handbook of Local Government Administration. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker Inc.. ISBN 0824797825. 

Further reading

Overviews and surveys

Secondary sources

  • Abrams, Richard M. Conservatism in a Progressive Era: Massachusetts Politics, 1900-1912 (1964)
  • Adams, James Truslow. Revolutionary New England, 1691-1776 (1923)
  • Adams, James Truslow. .New England in the Republic, 1776-1850 (1926)
  • Andrews, Charles M. The Fathers of New England: A Chronicle of the Puritan Commonwealths (1919), short survey
  • Conforti, Joseph A. Imagining New England: Explorations of Regional Identity from the Pilgrims to the Mid-Twentieth Century (2001)
  • Cumbler, John T. Reasonable Use: The People, the Environment, and the State, New England, 1790-1930 (1930), environmental history
  • Fischer, David Hackett.^ People in New England have the last cookout before it gets cold.

    ^ J. Winthrop, History of New England 1630-1649, edited by J. Savage (Boston, 2 vols.

    ^ People in New England throw on a flannel shirt.

    Paul Revere's Ride (1994), 1775 in depth
  • Green, James R., William F. Hartford, and Tom Juravich. Commonwealth of Toil: Chapters in the History of Massachusetts Workers and Their Unions (1996)
  • Huthmacher, J. Joseph. Massachusetts People and Politics, 1919-1933 (1958)
  • Labaree, Benjamin Woods. Colonial Massachusetts: A History (1979)
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Maritime History of Massachusetts, 1783-1860 (1921)
  • Peirce, Neal R. The New England States: People, Politics, and Power in the Six New England States (1976), 1960–75 era
  • Porter, Susan L. Women of the Commonwealth: Work, Family, and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century Massachusetts (1996)
  • Sletcher, Michael. .New England (2004).
  • Starkey, Marion L. The Devil in Massachusetts (1949), Salem witches
  • Tager, Jack, and John W. Ifkovic, eds.^ With the exception of this corner, Massachusetts is a part of the slanting upland that includes all of southern New England .

    ^ When it had become known that the colony was within the territory of the New England Council, John Pierce, in 1621, procured from that body a grant which made the colonists its tenants.

    ^ Locations Include: Massachusetts, Southern New England .
    • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

    Massachusetts in the Gilded Age: Selected Essays (1985), ethnic groups
  • Zimmerman, Joseph F. The New England Town Meeting: Democracy in Action (1999)

External links

.

Related information

Preceded by
Connecticut
List of U.S. states by constitutional ratification date
Ratified Constitution on February 6, 1788 (6th)
Succeeded by
Maryland

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Massachusetts [1] is a state in the New England region of the United States of America. Massachusetts is known as "The Bay State" because of its three large bays which dominate and shape the coastline. Massachusetts Bay in the Greater Boston and Cape Ann area and Cape Cod Bay, which shapes Cape Cod against the Atlantic Ocean, are on the eastern shore. Buzzards Bay, on the south coast, is the other large bay.
Cape Cod (and the Islands)
The state's premier summer vacation area of beaches, art and antiques.
Greater Boston
The metropolitan area inside the old Route 128, now Interstate 95.
Southeast Massachusetts (South Shore, SouthCoast, Bristol-Norfolk)
Northeast Massachusetts (North Shore, Merrimack Valley)
Central Massachusetts (Blackstone Valley, Metro West, Quabbin, North County, South County)
Pioneer Valley (Franklin County, Hampden County, Hampshire County)
The three counties of the Connecticut River Valley.
Berkshire Hills
A Western Massachusetts area of great beauty.

Cities

There are 351 cities and towns in Massachusetts. The 9 largest cities are:
  • Boston - The state capital and largest city.
  • Brockton - "The City of Champions".
  • Cambridge - Home to Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
  • Fall River - A former fishing and textile manufacturing center, Fall River boasts a large Brazilian and Portuguese community.
  • Lowell - A former center for textile manufacturing, now gentrified and home to many artists.
  • New Bedford - "The Whaling City".
  • Springfield - "City of Homes." Home to the Basketball Hall of Fame.
  • Quincy - "City of Presidents".
  • Worcester "The Innovative City" Home to eleven colleges and universities.
  • Agawam - home of Six Flags New England, a major amusement park.
  • Amherst/Northampton - Academic capitols of the Pioneer Valley
  • Lenox - home of Tanglewood, the summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
  • Lexington and Concord for their historical significance as the birthplace of the American Revolution.
  • Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard - Offshore islands.
  • Plymouth - Landing place of the Pilgrims.
  • Salem - The Witch City.
  • Sturbridge where there is a recreated colonial village.
  • Taunton - "The Silver City" & "The Christmas City", notably very rich of history, exquisite old & modern architecture, large regional events, natural beauty, rapid industrial growth, regional hub, and enshrouded mystery (such as the "Bridgewater Triangle").
  • West Springfield the home of the Eastern States Exposition (The Big E).

Understand

Massachusetts is an excellent travel destination, noted for many of its historical sites as well as diverse regional flavors. The eastern Massachusetts Bay area of the state from Gloucester to Plymouth is very metropolitan, with Boston at its hub. Here you can find great cooking, fresh seafood, and an intense concentration of colleges and universities.
.To the south of Boston is Cape Cod, a tremendously popular vacation spot and home to the Kennedy family, one of America's more influential political families.^ Now what I’d really like ta know, Boston, is if you’ve ever worn the same one for more’n two days runnin’.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

West of Boston you'll find the Blackstone Valley National Corridor, a vast expanse of rolling hills and small towns, as well as some of the most unique vineyards in the East Coast.
To the far west, you'll find more rural areas, the Berkshire Hills, the Appalachian Trail, and excellent skiing. Massachusetts has a lot to offer the prospective traveller!

History

.Massachusetts is one of the oldest states in America, dating back to the foundation of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1620. The name Massachusetts comes from Algonquian Indian words that mean the great mountain, an apparent reference to the tallest of the Blue Hills, a recreation area south of the town of Milton.^ Scott had come up with his own answer to the one inquiry he had made, calling Murdoch by his given name, or, later, addressing him with polite formality, as “Sir.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It took a moment before the double meaning of the word “known” had come to her, though surely Scott hadn’t intended to be so blunt.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ When Johnny had whispered those words into her ear, she’d thought he was joking; of course Scott would come back to Lancer.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Massachusetts is a state of firsts - the first public school (Boston Latin School), the first public library (Boston Public Library), the first public park (Worcester), the first American university (Harvard), the first birth control pill (Worcester), the first public beach (Revere Beach), the first liquid fuel rocket (Worcester), and the home of the Boston Massacre, the event that set off the American Revolutionary War, with the "shot heard 'round the world" in Concord at the Old North Bridge.^ After his release from prison, Grandfather had welcomed him home; the older man had been solicitous at first, but had clearly expected his grandson to quickly put the War behind him.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott recalled the stir created when British author Charles Dickens had visited Boston after the War, offering public readings of his work while in residence at the Parker House.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott had been so very young, to be leaving home and going off to fight in that horrific War.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Massachusetts also has its dark side, the Salem Witch Trials being one of the most significant black spots on the state's history.^ Every one of the windows was trimmed in white paint with black shutters on either side.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Today

Massachusetts today is a blend of old and new. .In Eastern Massachusetts you can walk the 3.5 mile Freedom Trail in Boston to see more than 20 historical sites, then hop over to Cambridge and see some of the world's most advanced biotechnology, not to mention the legendary Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the gold standard for technical education in the United States.^ Faneuil Hall is one of the sites on Boston’s Freedom trail :-) .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ He had received a fine education and more opportunities for travel than most.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ As the boy accepted it, Scott could see that it was actually more flattened than round ---a slipcase for a pair of eyeglasses.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The state as a whole is a blend of rural and urban, from Boston and suburbs in the East, to the gently rolling hills and lovely small villages in the Center, to the Pioneer Valley and the Berkshires in the West.

Get in

By plane

.The easiest way to get into Massachusetts is through Logan International Airport in Boston.^ And if he had actually sent a letter, how, after all, would he ever have known if it had arrived safely in Boston, let alone made it’s way into Scott’s hands?
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Other regional airports include Worcester, Manchester, New Hampshire, Warwick, Rhode Island and Windsor Locks, Connecticut.
More information on New England's regional airports can be found at Fly New England [2].

By train

Boston is the northern terminus of the Northeast Corridor, the most heavily trafficked rail route in the country, and one of the few routes serviced by Amtrak [3] with a high frequency of service. .Trains from New York reach Boston in about 3.5 hours; trains from Washington take about twice as long.^ It didn’t take long to reach the top.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ With each passing hour, this train carried him further away from Boston and Scott, further away from a young man he had come to love more than he could have imagined.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott hadn’t said anything about that, but Teresa carefully quizzed Anna on everything—how long it would take, how much it would cost.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The faster Acela trains shave about an hour off those journeys, and although they cost more, they generally present a more enjoyable trip.^ Shaking off those thoughts, he concentrated instead on reminiscing about his very pleasant stay with the Barkleys.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Scott hadn’t actually agreed that she could stay, Teresa was heartened by the fact that they did talk a bit more about Boston winters.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ With each passing hour, this train carried him further away from Boston and Scott, further away from a young man he had come to love more than he could have imagined.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.You can reach the eastern portion of the state from Boston's South Station by taking the MBTA [4] commuter rail.^ But Grandfather put me on the train in Boston and Uncle Elwood was waiting at the station in Brunswick to take me off.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Central and Western Massachusetts are also served by Amtrak, although less frequently. .Typically train journeys from New York to Springfield or Worcester require a change at New Haven, Connecticut.^ So far the return train trip had been uneventful, almost routine in contrast to the great adventure of the eastward journey, when everything had been so strange and new.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The train would arrive in New York City quite early the next morning and in Boston some five hours after that.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Though easily accessible by train, it is frequently cheaper and almost always faster to fly to Massachusetts than take the train, if traveling from Pennsylvania or further away (however, traveling on the Lake Shore Limited from Chicago and all points in between is often less than $100).^ She’d traveled on trains often enough, after all.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Though he’d voiced it less often, he had always wanted to blame her father for Catherine’s death.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ With each passing hour, this train carried him further away from Boston and Scott, further away from a young man he had come to love more than he could have imagined.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

By car

Massachusetts has several large interstates that serve it, including:
.
  • I-90, the northernmost east-west interstate highway in the U.S., called the Massachusetts Turnpike from Boston west via Worcester and Springfield to the New York-Massachusetts state line.
  • I-93, which begins just south of Boston, goes under much of downtown (the famed "Big Dig"), then heads north to New Hampshire, crossing the Merrimack River at Andover.
  • I-91 follows Connecticut River south through Greenfield, Northampton and Springfield in Massachusetts, continuing south to New Haven, Connecticut.^ Heading back to Boston, just like that.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Just as Grandfather had never told him very much about the fire that had, less than a year ago, decimated much of Boston’s commercial district.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Then, last night, they had dined with the Miss Harringtons, two middle-aged sisters from New York state, Miss Virginia and Miss Louisa.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    .To the north it passes along the border between Vermont and New Hampshire, then through eastern Vermont to Canada.
  • I-84 has a very short length in Massachusetts.^ Mystified, he watched as she very deliberately ran the edge of one gloved hand along the seat between them.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    .It begins off the Turnpike at Sturbridge, and is the quickest route from much of the state to Hartford and New York City.
  • I-95, the major north-south highway of the East Coast, enters the state at Attleboro and heads toward Boston.^ Then, last night, they had dined with the Miss Harringtons, two middle-aged sisters from New York state, Miss Virginia and Miss Louisa.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The route would take them through many large cities, including Chicago and New York.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The train would arrive in New York City quite early the next morning and in Boston some five hours after that.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    It goes around the city itself, linking the western suburbs of Needham, Newton, Waltham and Lexington. .It then turns north, through Woburn and Wakefield, before once again turning north and heading towards New Hampshire and Maine.^ Scott finished his conversation with José before he turned to face her, reaching up with his left hand to push his hat back onto the crown of his head.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Once inside, Scott headed towards the kitchen, but was intercepted by Fredericks.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Murdoch turned towards the approaching voice in time to see an elegant older woman glide through the doorway.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    The section of I-95 that forms a sort of belt around Boston is locally known as "Route 128", and its Interstate designation is rarely used by natives.
  • I-290 runs from I-495 in Marlborough through downtown Worcester and ends at the Mass Pike in Auburn.
  • I-395 is essentially the same road as I-290. South of the Mass Pike, I-395 goes from Auburn south to Webster and is the road to Eastern Connecticut, including Mystic, New London and the Connecticut casino resorts.
  • I-190 is a short road that connects Worcester to the northern cities of Fitchburg and Leominster.
  • I-495 forms a sort of "outer belt" around Boston, beginning near the base of Cape Cod and swinging west, through Foxboro, Franklin, Marlborough and the Merrimack Valley before joining I-95 near the New Hampshire border.
  • I-195 connects Providence, Rhode Island with the South Coast, linking Fall River, New Bedford and continuing to the base of Cape Cod.
Other important non-interstate highways in Massachusetts include: U.S. Routes 1, 6, and 20; U.S. Route/State Route 3; and State Routes 2, 9, and 24.
Use SmarTraveler [5] to determine traffic conditions in the Metro Boston area.
.Dial 511 on your cell phone to listen to up the date traffic conditions for all major highways.^ Teresa would listen intently to all that was said, storing up information as well as questions of her own.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

By bus

.A number of bus companies run a Boston-New York route, from the nationally-known Greyhound to a variety of small, low-cost "Chinatown bus" carriers.^ The route would take them through many large cities, including Chicago and New York.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The train would arrive in New York City quite early the next morning and in Boston some five hours after that.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

  • Fung Wah Bus [6] low-cost bus between New York City and Boston's Chinatown.
  • LimoLiner [7] luxury bus transportation offering professionals business services between New York City and Boston.

Get around

On foot

A portion of the Appalachian Trail runs through the state.

By bicycle

There are a number of "rail trails" - converted rail road lines - throughout the state that have been paved for pedestrian and bicycle travel. There are also designated "bikeways" along secondary roads. See: [8]

By car

I-90 (also called the Massachusetts Turnpike, or simply the Mass Pike) is the major East-West route across the state. Rt 2 is a more northern equivalent, though there are sections through town centers with traffic lights.

By Thumb

.Although it is illegal to hitchhike on the highway itself, I-90 has a very good system of commercial rest stops placed conveniently every few miles.^ Although he’d only had to walk across the hall, he seemed to have every other accessory in place.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott had stopped to see a few other gentlemen at their places of business and all but one had been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ He’d stopped short of the announcement inherent in donning the black crepe armband, although he’d placed it in his jacket pocket for safekeeping.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Hitching a ride from these rest stops isn't too hard. .Make a sign, stand in the parking lot and put out your thumb for cars on the way out.^ There were a lot of hard memories, so we came out here to make a fresh start.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

As these rest stops are quasi-private property, it may be advisable to buy something small, like a pack of gum, so that you are a paying customer.
  • Peter Pan [9] and Greyhound [10] runs buses to most towns in Massachusetts.

By train

Amtrak [11] goes to major cities.
.Within and around Boston public transportation is run by the Mass Bay Transit Authority or MBTA [12] and is called the "T", and there are commuter rails (purple on the maps) that go to surrounding suburbs and cities including Framingham and Worcester.^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.
  • More than 170 art, history and sporting museums, including excellent colonial "living history" museums:
  • Plimoth Plantation in Plymouth,
  • Old Sturbridge Village in Sturbridge, and
  • Hancock Shaker Village in Pittsfield.
  • Over 50 theatres and performing arts centers.^ The day had been crisp, more fall-like than the previous ones, and so the evening air was considerably cooler as well.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now, after a few more few days in Boston, she was actually starting to feel like a “Teh-RAY-sah,” rather than plain old “Teresa O’Brien.” Scott was probably too pre-occupied to notice anything different.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That included Marie-Flore, though paradoxically, Scott had been tempted more than once to tell Teresa about Marie Christine.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    .Cape Cod, Rockport and Gloucester have thriving artist colonies and numerous galleries.
  • Numerous historical sites and monuments as Massachusetts played a central role in the American Revolution.^ The Boston African-American National Historic Site: .
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    .Minuteman National Historical Park in Concord gives a taste of what times were like when America was born.
  • For history buffs, Taunton is a small city filled with well-documented archives, preserved historical sites, and an extensive chronology of notable history dating back nearly 400 years.^ He wouldn’t give up, wouldn’t go back home and try to forget, not this time.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He hadn’t wanted to ask Scott any questions about that back then, and now wasn’t looking like a good time to bring it up, either.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Back then, it had seemed like too much, but now Murdoch knew that it hadn’t been nearly enough.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    This includes (within the city): many significant historic firsts, innovations, national and/or regional leading center of industries, former prominent residents, numerous high-profile political visits/public speeches (ex.: pioneers, U.S. presidents, civil rights activists, etc.), war-related events, unique range of architectural structures, special industrial production (Civil War artillery, Olympic medallions, the White House's silverware, etc.), recent filming site of several popular 'Hollywood' movies, and the list just goes on and on... .Do make sure to visit the city's Old Colony Historical Society and Museum.
  • For decades, artists have migrated to Provincetown, and it is now a full-blown artist colony, home to numerous art galleries and theater houses.^ He wasn’t quite sure how to respond now, but he’d be damned if he’d make the same mistakes again.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ During the past few winters, Aunt Cee has been living in our house in Boston and Grandfather has made sure that she will be able to continue to make her home there as long as she wishes.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Grandfather’s old friend Simon Merrill had been at home; they had enjoyed a nice visit and Mr. Merrill had seemed pleased by the gift of the watch.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    Moreover, Provincetown is the "gay capital" of Massachusetts, and the city is renowned for its liberal attitudes and unique culture. ."P-town," as it is called by locals, is also renowned for its beautiful beaches, good shopping and restaurants, and festive year-round events.
  • The Massachusetts coast offers some of the best whale watching opportunities in the world.^ He could see his grandfather smiling and lifting a glass as he offered up a toast—in honor of Scott’s birthday or some other special event.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Scott made some remark about it perhaps being a good thing that Will wouldn’t be able to travel with them, and then asked some questions about the businesses they were passing by on route to the restaurant.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    .The diversity of whale species that can been seen here is only equaled by far off corners of the Earth such as Antarctica, Patagonia, and Alaska.^ So far, only Mrs. Holmes had recognized the design, expressing her whole-hearted approval of such a lovely souvenir of their trip to Maine.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    This abundance of whales, combined with the close proximity of both Stellwagen Bank and Jeffrey's Ledge, is no doubt responsible for Gloucester's popularity as a whale watching port. .One of the truly great things about whale watching from Gloucester is that the city's location (on the southern end of Cape Ann) is situated directly between both of these popular whale feeding areas.^ Of course, if Wade is the one here running things, he should be generously compensated; we’ve already talked about a substantial increase.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ After one cup of coffee and a few minutes of friendly conversation about such things as horses and iron shoes, Scott had taken his leave.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Murdoch recognized it as a posture reminiscent of the one he’d assumed that day back at Lancer, in the Great Room, when he’d reluctantly admitted to having questions about the past.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    Whale watching tours are also available from other ports.
  • Bicycling, [13]. There are many routes and bikepaths throughout Massachusetts. .The Claire Saltonstall bikeway traverses a marked route from Boston to Cape Cod on some less-travelled roads.^ Scott made some remark about it perhaps being a good thing that Will wouldn’t be able to travel with them, and then asked some questions about the businesses they were passing by on route to the restaurant.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A less than happy memory, that last, though some good had come of the conversation they’d had en route to town.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The short missive was direct and to the point; Murdoch made his request, offered to meet Scott somewhere along the route, even travel to Boston if necessary.
    • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

    Minuteman Bikeway[14] from Cambridge to Bedford is one of the more outstanding bike paths.
  • Fishing, hunting, wildlife viewing
.Mass Wildlife maintains an excellent site[15] showing access points and maps of wildlife areas as well as regulations, permits and fees.^ Scott showed them the map of Scotland, and there was both a river Ness and a lake of that name as well.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Saltwater fishing does not require a license (shellfishing usually does), but there are regulations under the authority of the State Division of Marine Fisheries [16].^ He had a clear idea now why there were so many more letters than usual, and knew that most would not require an immediate reply.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Local regulations may also apply in regards to shellfishing or taking of herring.
  • Bay Circuit Trail, [17] a 200 mile network of interconnected trails extending from Plum Island, Newburyport in the North to Kingston Bay in the South. Currently about 150 miles are completed and accessible.

Eat

Coastal Massachusetts is blessed with great shellfish including, lobster, clams and oysters. A New England clambake is, in many ways, the equivalent of Hawaii's luau. .A hole is dug, (sometimes in beach sand, but more often inland), lined with stones and a fire started in it.^ There were interesting pieces of silvery grey driftwood cast up higher on the beach, but it was more difficult walking in the dry, white-gold sand which surrounded them.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Later the coals are covered with wet seaweed to create a steam pit into which packages of lobster, fish, clams, mussels, potatoes, and ears of corn are put. This is then covered with more seaweed and covered with tarps to cook.
The New England boiled dinner is a contribution of the state's many Irish immigrants. It is a simmered pot meal of corned beef, cabbage, carrots, potatoes, and sometimes turnips. Horseradish, mustard, and sometimes vinegar are used as condiments.
Massachusetts folks are serious about their clam chowder. Many seacoast towns schedule chowder festivals at which locals compete for bragging rights. Fried clams are an alternative way to serve these delectable shellfish, usually accompanied by french fried potatoes. .Haddock and cod are the local fish mainstays and one often sees "schrod" on menus.^ It was nice to see Scott in his ‘everyday’ clothes--- familiar serviceable brown trousers and even one of the beige checked work shirts that he so often wore at the ranch.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

It is purported to be young cod or haddock, but is assumed by locals to mean generic white fish. Bluefish is worth trying, though some may find it a strong-flavored. The other local gamefish, striped bass, is considerably milder in taste.
Worcester's ethnically diverse population offers home-style food from all over the world in funky little restaurants hidden in odd corners all over the city. Stylish Shrewsbury Street (near UMass Medical School) offers many trendy new restaurants, as well as a few classic diners.
Southeastern Massachusetts was once the world's largest producer of cranberries. Large flat sandy bogs of colorful berries are harvested in early October.
Inland areas offer traditional New England country cuisine, especially at rural church suppers and breakfasts. Notable dishes include spaghetti-and-meatballs, roasted chicken, baked beans, baking powder biscuits, fruit pies, and cobblers.
Massachusetts's rocky soils produce two outstanding crops: tomatoes and apples. Orchards are still mostly family-owned and many growers offer pick-your-own sales. Cider mills churn out fresh cider to sell alongside bags of apples in roadside farm stands. .On a crisp fall day the stands often offer warmed fresh cider mulled with cinnamon, clove and other spices.^ The day had been crisp, more fall-like than the previous ones, and so the evening air was considerably cooler as well.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

A list is maintained at: [18].

Drink

.The drinking age in the Commonwealth is 21. No one is permitted to serve alcohol to a person under 21 years of age.^ But, in the end, what had existed for so many years could not be cancelled out by one series of indiscretions, no matter how egregious.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ No one they knew well, though she had a passing acquaintance with the middle-aged spinsters seated opposite.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

No one is allowed to possess, drink, transport or purchase alcohol if they are under 21. Massachusetts, more than any other state in the union, vigorously enforces both "Blue Laws" and the drinking age. It is not uncommon for an out of stater to be denied a beer if she/he is under 25, especially at Fenway Park. Most bars, pubs, and nightclubs in Boston have a city mandated 21+ policy, which is vigorously enforced. A controversial "third party liability" precedent has been set in Massachusetts. For example, a landlord rents an apartment to young adults who have a party and a person drinks and drives and causes an accident. Under this "third party liability," the landlord, those who hosted the party, and the one who drinks and drives can be held responsible. .Rule of thumb for anyone drinking is to not drink and drive; second, if you are under 21 and want to drink in Massachusetts, you're out of luck unless you're at a private party.^ Now, I prefer to think it could be anyone, anyone you want to hear.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ I just figured you might want to take a day before we headed out.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Under the terms of my brother’s will, I am to receive a life interest in this house; Harlan wanted to provide for me, you see.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Traditional New England culture back to Pilgrims and Puritans was far from abstenious.^ Back in New England, it would be called a “farmah’s tan” he told her, intentionally exaggerating the pronunciation.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The fair skinned Easterner never went about shirtless, but if he were to do so, Scott knew that he would definitely have what back in New England would be termed a “farmah’s tan”.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Surprising amounts of beer, wine, hard cider and distilled spirits were consumed. Although "Blue Laws" once prohibited alcohol purchases on Sundays, alcohol remains central to socializing in both urban and rural settings.
Microbreweries and brewpubs are becoming more common in urban areas and college towns. They usually offer sandwiches and other casual fare as well as a selection of brews that can be far superior to the megabreweries'.

Stay safe

Driving - Massachusetts drivers have a reputation for aggressive and careless driving including running red lights and unpredictable changes of lane or direction. Speeds up to 20 mph (30 kph) over posted limits are common on highways and interstates. .Pedestrians should not count on getting the right of way just because it is legally theirs.^ So, uncharacteristically, he’d let his emotions get in the way and he’d been just a bit slow to see what should have been obvious.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Drinking is a widespread social activity and intoxicated drivers may be encountered evenings after work in working-class neighborhoods, or in college towns on Friday and Saturday evenings.^ He’d told those two some of it, after a few rounds of drinks in town, on a Saturday night.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Johnny had apparently decided that forced activity was the answer, so he’d offered himself up at the chessboard, and insisted that he needed company on the ride to town the next Saturday night.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Winter driving involves snow and ice, December through April.
Deer are abundant and car-deer collisions frequent, especially during fall migrations and breeding seasons which may peak on moonlit nights in November. Collisions can occur in suburbs as well as alongside forests and fields. These animals frequently bound high enough to crash through windshields and endanger occupants with flailing hooves.
.Although in 1846 author Thoreau had to leave Walden Pond and travel to Maine to observe moose, these larger relatives of deer are recolonizing Massachusetts as old farms revert to forest.^ I must have been about seven or eight years old, the first time I traveled to Maine on my own.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Leave Boston before he did something irrevocable, like travel to Maine to clasp that little girl’s hand.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Moose are tall enough to topple through windshields in collisions and adults will weigh about 1/2 ton, potentially a deadly combination for vehicle occupants. Immediately slow down and be prepared to stop if you should see one ahead of you. Count yourself doubly lucky to see such a large animal in a densely populated state, and to have avoided a collision.
Outdoors - Ticks can transmit Lyme Disease unless promptly removed. .After walking in woods, brush or tall grass remove clothing and look for flattened dark insects 1/8" to 1/4" diameter.^ Scott stood on the small porch, leaning against the support post and looking out over the tall blades of grass waving in the fenced in yard.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The counterpane was already covered with items, articles of clothing in dark or dull hues, some of them made of fairly heavy looking fabrics.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

If they have already attached themselves touch them with something hot to encourage them to let go. +
Getting lost in thick woods is surprisingly easy, especially in the short days of fall and winter. .In unfamiliar areas, plan your route before you set out.^ Scott, you can just set aside anything that needs to be aired out, or washed or pressed.” She’d stopped beside Johnny, but the words rushed out ahead of her.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, if I may point out, amongst your correspondence you’ll find a telegraph message.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ I just figured you might want to take a day before we headed out.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Carry map, compass and a whistle or some other way of making noise. .Also carry extra clothing and high-calorie snacks in case you are benighted.^ He’d been waiting out front with the rest of them when Scott finally appeared, carrying his case and dressed in traveling clothes, and Johnny had made a strike at him first thing.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

+
Crime - Statistically, Massachusetts is one of the least violent states. .Nevertheless there are cities with declining or vanished industries where economic desperation makes crime a career option.^ There wasn’t anything anyone could do to make things better when you lost someone you cared about.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Other cities have tough neighborhoods, usually with telltale signs like trash in the streets, rundown housing, graffiti and barred windows.^ Once outside, he pointed out the City Hall and some of the other buildings nearby as they strolled along the busy street, enjoying the crisp sunshine.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Try to avoid walking or using public transit in these areas. Also use paid parking lots and while driving keep windows rolled up and locked. .Licensed taxicabs will usually be a safe way of getting around these areas.^ Scott didn’t act differently when other people were around, just his usual calm, kind, polite manner, but the way he looked at her, that was different.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Tough neighborhoods have disproportionate numbers of people with bad attitudes. Try not to 'cross' them.

Respect

.Massachusetts, home of Provincetown and same-sex marriage, is arguably the most tolerant state in all of the USA. Gay villages exist in abundance in Boston, and the smaller towns such as Northampton and the Berkshires.^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ There had never been any question but that Scott would be well cared for, and most of all, safe, growing up in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The state's liberal atmosphere, and lack of an organized religious right movement, have given it a unique reputation among American states, as "the Gay State".
  • Rhode Island - The capital city of Providence is a short journey to the south of Masschusetts.
  • Connecticut - Massachusetts' southern neighbor is home to Yale University, Mystic Seaport, the restaurant and nightlife scene in downtown New Haven, the Maritime Aquarium, and two major Native American casinos.
  • New York - Located west of Massachusetts, upstate New York is home to the Finger Lakes region, a popular outdoor and wine-growing area.
  • Vermont - The fall foliage in Massachusett's northwestern neighbor is a site not-to-be missed, while during the rest of the year the state offers a rural charm unique in America.
  • New Hampshire - Massachusetts' northern neighbor is a fiercely independent state that offers the rugged White Mountains, idyllic lakes, and a handful of ocean resorts.
This is a usable article. It gives a good overview of the region, its sights, and how to get in, as well as links to the main destinations, whose articles are similarly well developed. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.MASSACHUSETTS (an Indian name, originally applied to a tribe of Indians), one of the original thirteen states of the American Union, bounded on the N. by Vermont and New Hampshire, on the E. by the Atlantic, on the S. by Rhode Island and Connecticut, and on the W. by New York.^ MASSACHUSETTS (an Indian name, originally applied to a tribe of Indians), one of the original thirteen states of the American Union, bounded on the N. by Vermont and New Hampshire , on the E. by the Atlantic , on the S. by Rhode Island and Connecticut , and on the W. by New York .

^ The early history was rendered unquiet at times by wars with the Indians, the chief of which were the Pequot War in 1637, and King Philip's War in 16 75-7 6; and for better combining against these enemies, Massachusetts, with Connecticut, New Haven and New Plymouth , formed a confederacy in 1643, considered the prototype of the larger union of the colonies which conducted the War of American Independence (1 7758 3).

^ Thus the original native trees and plants were those common to New England and northern New York.

.It lies approximately between 41° 15' and 42° 50' N. lat.^ It lies approximately between 41° 15' and 42° 50' N. lat.

and 6 9° 55' and 73° 30' W. long. .The bulk of its area - which is about 8266 sq.^ The bulk of its area - which is about 8266 sq.

m. (of which 227 are water) - forms a parallelogram of 130 m. E. and W., 46 m. .N. and S., the additional area lying in a projection at the S.E. and a lesser one at the N.E., which give the mainland a breadth of 90 m.^ N. and S., the additional area lying in a projection at the S.E. and a lesser one at the N.E., which give the mainland a breadth of 90 m.

where it borders upon the ocean, while the general irregularity of the coast-line gives a sea frontage of about 250 m.
Table of contents

Physical Features

.The east and south-east portions are in general undulating or level, the central hilly and broken, and the west rugged and mountainous.^ The east and south-east portions are in general undulating or level, the central hilly and broken, and the west rugged and mountainous.

^ The south-east corner of the state is a sandy lowland , generally level with a slightly elevated ridge (Manomet) south of Plymouth, and well watered by ponds.

^ Abandoned farms " (aggregating, in 1890, 3.4% of the total farm area, and 6.85% in Hampshire county) are common, especially in the west and south-east.

.(For geological details see United States: Geology, ad fin.) The Hoosac Hills (120o-1600 ft.^ The Hoosac Hills (120o-1600 ft.

^ (For geological details see United States : Geology , ad fin.

^ The governors put in office at this time by the crown were not of conciliatory temperaments, and the measures instituted in parliament (see United States ) served to increase bitterness of feeling.

high), separating the valleys of the .Housatonic and Connecticut, are a range of the Berkshires, a part of the Appalachian system, and a continuation of the Green Mountains, of Vermont, and with the Taconic range on the west side of the Housatonic Valley - of which the highest peaks are Greylock, or " Saddleback " (3535 ft.^ Housatonic and Connecticut, are a range of the Berkshires, a part of the Appalachian system, and a continuation of the Green Mountains, of Vermont, and with the Taconic range on the west side of the Housatonic Valley - of which the highest peaks are Greylock, or " Saddleback " (3535 ft.

^ It has secured as public reservations the summit and sides of Greylock (3535 ft.

^ But in the derivant valley peneplains developed in the present cycle of denudation, and there are residual summits also; in the Connecticut Valley trap ridges, of which Mt Tom and Mt Holyoke are the best examples; at Mt Holyoke, lava necks; occasionally in the lowlands, ridges of resistant sandstone , like Deerfield Mountain near Northampton ; in the Berkshire Valley, summits of resistant schists, like Greylock, the highest summit in the state.

), and .Mt Williams (3040 ft.^ Mt Williams (3040 ft.

) - in the extreme north-west corner of the state, form the only considerable elevated land.' .Bordering on the lowlands of the Connecticut, Mt Tom (1214 ft.^ Bordering on the lowlands of the Connecticut, Mt Tom (1214 ft.

) and a few other hills (Mt Holyoke, 954 ft.; Mt Toby, 1275) form conspicuous landmarks. .East of this valley the country continues more or less hilly and rocky, but the elevations eastward become increasingly slight and of little consequence.^ East of this valley the country continues more or less hilly and rocky, but the elevations eastward become increasingly slight and of little consequence.

.Mt Lincoln (1246 ft.^ Mt Lincoln (1246 ft.

) and especially .Mt Wachusett (2108 ft.^ Mt Wachusett (2108 ft.

^ Wachusett (2108 ft.

), to the east in a level country, are very exceptional. .The Blue Hills in Milton are the nearest elevations to the coast, and are conspicuous to navigators approaching Boston.^ Milton - Ghost Road - There is a side road off of a dark road leading to Blue Hills.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There are some ski areas that are actually fairly close to Boston (Wachussett, Nashoba and the Blue Hills), so that should provide ample opportunities for a novice like me.

^ The weather got nicer by the day and Sunday provided me with the chance to go for a beautiful hike in the snow in the Blue Hills just outside of Boston.

.The south-east corner of the state is a sandy lowland, generally level with a slightly elevated ridge (Manomet) south of Plymouth, and well watered by ponds.^ The south-east corner of the state is a sandy lowland , generally level with a slightly elevated ridge (Manomet) south of Plymouth, and well watered by ponds.

^ Historical priority of development, exceptionally extensive and well utilized water-power, and good transportation facilities are largely responsible for the exceptional rank of Massachusetts as a manufacturing state.

^ The east and south-east portions are in general undulating or level, the central hilly and broken, and the west rugged and mountainous.

.With the exception of this corner, Massachusetts is a part of the slanting upland that includes all of southern New England.^ In a side room though, there was an exhibit hall where all the ski resorts in New England provided information on trails, ski lessons, vacations, etc.

^ The site below includes photos of two versions of this motif; the images are of stones in a cemetery in Ohio, but similar examples are commonly seen in New England.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ I hope all of you had a lovely Easter weekend - it certainly was most wonderful here in New England - the weather was picture perfect!

This upland is an uplifted peneplain of subaerial denudation,' now so far advanced in a " second " cycle of weathering and so thoroughly dissected that to an untrained eye it appears to be only a country of hills confusedly arranged. The general contour of the upland, marked by a remarkably even sky-line, is evident at almost every locality in the state. In the nature and position of the upland rocks - mainly crystalline schists and gneisses, excessively complicated and disordered in mass, and also internally deformed - there is found abundant proof that the peneplain is a degraded mountain region. .The upland is interrupted by the rivers, and on the coast by great lowlands, and is everywhere marked by hills somewhat surmounting the generally even skyline.^ The upland is interrupted by the rivers, and on the coast by great lowlands, and is everywhere marked by hills somewhat surmounting the generally even skyline.

^ It is a rolling highland dominated by long, wooded hill-ridges, remarkably even-topped in general elevation, intersected and broken by deep valleys.

^ The general contour of the upland, marked by a remarkably even sky -line, is evident at almost every locality in the state.

.Monadnock (in New Hampshire, nearN.E.Massachusetts), the Blue Hills near Boston, Greylock, in the north-west, and Wachusett in the centre, are the most commanding remnant-summits (known generically as " Monadnocks ") of the original mountain system.^ Where the trees on Beacon Hill were for the most part still dressed in summer greens, those in New Hampshire and Maine were already beginning to don warmer shades of yellow and red.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Only later had he discovered the stories of noble frontiersmen, such as Seth Jones, a man of fictional renown who originally hailed from nearby New Hampshire.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ But then again not every state motto can be as dramatic as New Hampshire's which says "Live Free or Die" or as poetic as Massachusetts' "The Spirit of America".

.But in the derivant valley peneplains developed in the present cycle of denudation, and there are residual summits also; in the Connecticut Valley trap ridges, of which Mt Tom and Mt Holyoke are the best examples; at Mt Holyoke, lava necks; occasionally in the lowlands, ridges of resistant sandstone, like Deerfield Mountain near Northampton; in the Berkshire Valley, summits of resistant schists, like Greylock, the highest summit in the state.^ But in the derivant valley peneplains developed in the present cycle of denudation, and there are residual summits also; in the Connecticut Valley trap ridges, of which Mt Tom and Mt Holyoke are the best examples; at Mt Holyoke, lava necks; occasionally in the lowlands, ridges of resistant sandstone , like Deerfield Mountain near Northampton ; in the Berkshire Valley, summits of resistant schists, like Greylock, the highest summit in the state.

^ Bordering on the lowlands of the Connecticut, Mt Tom (1214 ft.

^ Housatonic and Connecticut, are a range of the Berkshires, a part of the Appalachian system, and a continuation of the Green Mountains, of Vermont, and with the Taconic range on the west side of the Housatonic Valley - of which the highest peaks are Greylock, or " Saddleback " (3535 ft.

.The larger streams have cut their channels to very moderate gradients, but the smaller ones are steeper.^ Although still sizable and very attractive, Mrs. Holmes’ residence was one of the smaller houses on the street.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ There is one larger house and then behind it smaller cottages.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The Housatonic and Millers (and the Connecticut also, but not in its course within Massachusetts alone) afford beautiful examples of the dependence of valley breadth upon the strike of soft or harder rocks across the stream. .The Connecticut lowland is cut from 5 to 18 m.^ The Connecticut lowland is cut from 5 to 18 m.

wide in soft sandstones and shales. The glacial era has left abundant evidences in the topography of the state. .The ice covered even the Monadnocks.^ The ice covered even the Monadnocks.

.Till drumlins, notably abundant on the lowland about Boston and the highland near Spencer; morainic hills, extending, e.g. all along Cape Cod; eskers, kames and river terraces afford the plainest evidences of the extent of the glacial sheet.^ But what had wired Johnny’s jaws shut was when Scott said something about how they’d all gotten along without him before and they’d be just fine without him again.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Sandwich - Near Cape Cod Canal - A large ship with giant sails was drifting out near Cape Cod Canal.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Falmouth - High Hill Theater - Supposedly the caretakers of the theater and mansion house located near by all killed themselves mysteriously one night.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Berkshire country - Berkshire, Hampden, Hampshire and Franklin counties - is among the most beautiful regions of the United States.^ The Berkshire country - Berkshire, Hampden, Hampshire and Franklin counties - is among the most beautiful regions of the United States .

^ The district is often called the Lake Region of America , partly from the comparableness of its scenic beauties with the English Lake Country (Matthew Arnold, however, wrote: " The country is pleasing but not to be compared with Westmoreland.

^ Most of the imitation jewelry of the United States is produced at Attleboro and North Attleboro, and in Providence , Rhode Island.

.It is a rolling highland dominated by long, wooded hill-ridges, remarkably even-topped in general elevation, intersected and broken by deep valleys.^ It is a rolling highland dominated by long, wooded hill-ridges, remarkably even-topped in general elevation, intersected and broken by deep valleys.

^ The south-east corner of the state is a sandy lowland , generally level with a slightly elevated ridge (Manomet) south of Plymouth, and well watered by ponds.

^ The upland is interrupted by the rivers, and on the coast by great lowlands, and is everywhere marked by hills somewhat surmounting the generally even skyline.

.Scores of charming lakes lie in the hollows.^ Scores of charming lakes lie in the hollows.

.The district is often called the Lake Region of America, partly from the comparableness of its scenic beauties with the English Lake Country (Matthew Arnold, however, wrote: " The country is pleasing but not to be compared with Westmoreland.^ The district is often called the Lake Region of America , partly from the comparableness of its scenic beauties with the English Lake Country (Matthew Arnold, however, wrote: " The country is pleasing but not to be compared with Westmoreland.

^ The Berkshire country - Berkshire, Hampden, Hampshire and Franklin counties - is among the most beautiful regions of the United States .

It is wider and opener, and neither hills nor lakes are so effective."), and partly from the parallelism of literary associations. .It has become since 1850, and especially in much more recent years, a favoured resort of summer residents.^ It has become since 1850, and especially in much more recent years, a favoured resort of summer residents.

^ Now widowed, Cecilia Holmes continued to spend time at her Maine residence during the summer months, but the rest of the year resided with her brother in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Many hill towns once thriving have long since become abandoned, desolate and comparatively inaccessible; though with the development of the summer resident's interests many will probably eventually regain prosperity.

.Owing to topography, and also to the manner in which Massachusetts ' At least seventy hills in the state, mainly in this quarter, have an elevation of 1500 ft.^ Owing to topography, and also to the manner in which Massachusetts ' At least seventy hills in the state, mainly in this quarter, have an elevation of 1500 ft.

(twenty-four above 2000 ft.).
.' In some localities it is not easy to establish irrefutably and in detail the inter-arrangement of drainage and rock structure that proves it to be a subaerial peneplain instead of an uplifted submarine platform; but the general proof is very clear.^ In some localities it is not easy to establish irrefutably and in detail the inter-arrangement of drainage and rock structure that proves it to be a subaerial peneplain instead of an uplifted submarine platform ; but the general proof is very clear.

^ It was easy to work with Rachele and Tim Wilson was also very helpful and available to answer some of our initial questions.

was settled, the western counties were long connected commercially more closely with .New York than with Massachusetts, and this territory was long in dispute between these two states.^ New York than with Massachusetts, and this territory was long in dispute between these two states.

^ MASSACHUSETTS (an Indian name, originally applied to a tribe of Indians), one of the original thirteen states of the American Union, bounded on the N. by Vermont and New Hampshire , on the E. by the Atlantic , on the S. by Rhode Island and Connecticut , and on the W. by New York .

^ More patents are issued, relatively, to citizens of Massachusetts than to those of any other state except Connecticut.

.The Connecticut is the most considerable stream, and is navigable by small craft.^ The Connecticut is the most considerable stream, and is navigable by small craft.

.Its valley, much the richest portion of the state agriculturally, is celebrated for the quiet variety and beauty of its scenery.^ Its valley, much the richest portion of the state agriculturally, is celebrated for the quiet variety and beauty of its scenery.

^ It, too, is a summer recreation ground, with much beautiful scenery.

.The Housatonic, in portions placid, in others wild and rapid, winding along the deflecting barrier of the Hoosac Hills, is the most beautiful river of the state, despite the mercantile use of its water-power.^ The Housatonic, in portions placid, in others wild and rapid, winding along the deflecting barrier of the Hoosac Hills, is the most beautiful river of the state, despite the mercantile use of its water-power.

^ Brook trout are found, especially in the streams in the western part of the state, and bass , pickerel, perch and smaller fish occur in the rivers and other inland waters.

^ Other ports of entry in the state in 1909 were Newburyport , Gloucester, Salem, Marblehead, Plymouth, Barnstable , Nantucket, Edgartown, New Bedford and Fall River .

.The Merrimac, the second stream of the state in volume, runs in a charming valley through the extreme northeast corner, and affords immensely valuable water-power at Lowell, Lawrence and Haverhill.^ The Merrimac , the second stream of the state in volume, runs in a charming valley through the extreme northeast corner, and affords immensely valuable water-power at Lowell, Lawrence and Haverhill .

^ Brook trout are found, especially in the streams in the western part of the state, and bass , pickerel, perch and smaller fish occur in the rivers and other inland waters.

^ Vast water-power is developed on the Merrimac at Lawrence and Lowell, and on the Connecticut at South Hadley , and to a less extent at scores of other cities on many streams and artificial ponds; many of the machines that have revolutionized industrial conditions since the beginning of the factory system have been invented by Massachusetts men; and the state contains various technical schools of great importance.

.South of Cohasset the shore is sandy, with a few isolated rocky ledges and boulders.^ South of Cohasset the shore is sandy, with a few isolated rocky ledges and boulders.

.About Boston, and to the north of it, the shore is rocky and picturesque.^ About Boston, and to the north of it, the shore is rocky and picturesque.

^ On Saturday morning, I headed for Lynn Woods, about 11 miles north of Boston, and one of the largest municipal forests in the country.

.Cape Cod, like a human arm doubled at the elbow, 40 m.^ Cape Cod, like a human arm doubled at the elbow , 40 m.

from .shoulder to elbow and 30 from elbow to hand, is nowhere more than a few miles broad.^ Little did he know that the "little show" would go on for more than 30 years!!

It is a. sandy ridge, dotted with summer resorts and cottages. .Cape Ann has a rugged interior and a ragged, rocky coast.^ Cape Ann has a rugged interior and a ragged, rocky coast.

.It, too, is a summer recreation ground, with much beautiful scenery.^ It, too, is a summer recreation ground, with much beautiful scenery.

^ Its valley, much the richest portion of the state agriculturally, is celebrated for the quiet variety and beauty of its scenery.

.Boston Harbor (originally known as Massachusetts Bay, a name which now has a much broader signification) is the finest roadstead on the coast.^ Boston Harbor (originally known as Massachusetts Bay, a name which now has a much broader signification) is the finest roadstead on the coast.

^ Boston Harbor has been frozen over in the past, but steamtugs plying constantly now prevent the occurrence of such obstruction.

^ However it has one of the best views of the city of Boston and the surrounding Massachusetts Bay and its islands.

.The extreme hook of the Cape Cod Peninsula forms Provincetown Harbor, which is an excellent and capacious port.^ The extreme hook of the Cape Cod Peninsula forms Provincetown Harbor, which is an excellent and capacious port.

of refuge for vessels approaching Boston. .Salem Harbor is the most considerable other haven on Massachusetts Bay; on Buzzard's.^ Salem Harbor is the most considerable other haven on Massachusetts Bay; on Buzzard's.

^ Boston Harbor (originally known as Massachusetts Bay, a name which now has a much broader signification) is the finest roadstead on the coast.

.Bay New Bedford has a good harbour, and on the Atlantic coast.^ Bay New Bedford has a good harbour, and on the Atlantic coast.

are the excellent harbours of .Gloucester and Marblehead, both frequented by summer residents.^ Gloucester and Marblehead , both frequented by summer residents.

.Gloucester has the largest fishery interests of any place in the country, and is one of the chief fishing ports of the world.^ On Saturday morning, I headed for Lynn Woods, about 11 miles north of Boston, and one of the largest municipal forests in the country.

^ This is probably one of the most haunted places in the entire country.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ CVS Caremark is the nation's premier integrated pharmacy services provider, combining one of the nation's leading pharmaceutical services companies with the country's largest pharmacy chain.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

.Buzzard's Bay is also a popular yachting ground, and all about its shores are towns of summer residence..^ Speaking of returning - this Wednesday, the resident Public Garden swans, Romeo and Juliet, have returned to their summer lagoon - they reside at the Franklin Park Zoo all winter.

^ When Scott was growing up, “Aunt Cee” had resided in the Maine coastal town of Brunswick; Scott had spent many weeks each summer visiting his great aunt and her husband, Elwood.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Wood's Hole is a station of the United States.^ Wood's Hole is a station of the United States.

Bureau of Fisheries,. and a marine biological laboratory.
The principal islands lie off the south coast. The largest is Martha's Vineyard, about 20 m. long, with an extreme breadth of about 92 m. .It has in Vineyard Haven (Holmes's Hole) a spacious harbour, much frequented by wind-bound vessels seeking a passage round Cape Cod.^ It has in Vineyard Haven (Holmes's Hole) a spacious harbour, much frequented by wind-bound vessels seeking a passage round Cape Cod.

^ In addition, gale-force winds started blowing -which was an extraordinary sight, in particular along Cape Cod, where they had hurricane wind warnings.

.The island is covered with stunted trees.^ The island is covered with stunted trees.

.Its population was formerly dependent wholly upon the sea, but its climate has made it a popular summer resort, Oak Bluffs being one of the chief resorts of the Atlantic coast.^ Its population was formerly dependent wholly upon the sea, but its climate has made it a popular summer resort, Oak Bluffs being one of the chief resorts of the Atlantic coast.

^ Out of an assessment at one time upon the states of $5,000,000 for the expenses of the war, Massachusetts was charged with $820,000, the next highest being $800,000 for Virginia.

.Farther east, Nantucket, a smaller island of triangular shape, is likewise the home of a seafaring folk who still retain in some degree primitive habits, though summer visitors are more and more affecting its life.^ Farther east, Nantucket , a smaller island of triangular shape, is likewise the home of a seafaring folk who still retain in some degree primitive habits, though summer visitors are more and more affecting its life.

^ New York was, as always, amazing, dazzling, like a shot of adrenaline - jam-packed with tourists, and some folks who actually live there.

^ Today we reached the absolute low point of this week (in more ways than one), 3 degrees Fahrenheit, with a windchill around minus 20 (still Fahrenheit).

Flora and Fauna. - .Massachusetts lies entirely in the humid area of the Transition life-zone, with the exception of the extreme.^ Massachusetts lies entirely in the humid area of the Transition life-zone, with the exception of the extreme.

north-western corner of the state, which lies in the Boreal zone. .Thus the original native trees and plants were those common to New England and northern New York.^ People in New England plant gardens.

^ Today, class - we are conducting a lesson in botany - we will discuss New England shrubs and trees until they come out of your ears!

.The presence of a dense population has driven out some, and brought in others, including some noxious weeds.^ W/ the boom in the Hispanic population-were going to have to reinvent, and that's where some will not want to change, and the rest of us will have to look the other way, there is going to be some tough times/decisions for us ahead.
  • Black Entertainment Television [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And Juanita helps out with the cleaning and the laundry, and some of the other vaqueros’ wives---” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Once outside, he pointed out the City Hall and some of the other buildings nearby as they strolled along the busy street, enjoying the crisp sunshine.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The larger wild animals have disappeared,. excepting an occasional black bear or deer. .Of the smaller forbearing animals, the beaver was long ago exterminated, the otter is seen very rarely, and the mink only in the most isolated districts;.^ Hargis had long ago impressed upon Teresa that it was “proper” to break off a bite-sized piece of bread and then butter only that small portion.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It seemed so very long ago that she’d stayed in an equally well-appointed hotel in Sacramento.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It had only been after the fighting was over that Scott had seen the short report Agent Lawby had written, which mentioned his time as a cavalry officer during the War—and very little else.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

but foxes, skunks, weasels, musk-rats, rabbits, and grey and red squirrels are not uncommon. Copperhead snakes and rattlesnakes are occasionally seen, and there are several species of harmless serpents. .Of game birds the most characteristic is the partridge (ruffed grouse), exclusively a woodland bird; the Wilson's snipe and the woodcock are not uncommon in favourable localities, and several species of ducks are found especially in the bays and marshes near the coast during the seasons of migration.^ Chinatown - Tai Tung Village (Mural) - On special nights, especially during nights when it is uncommonly calm and quiet, you can feel a cold aura when you stare at the mural.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

A stray eagle is sometimes seen. .Very interesting to ornithologists are the few heath hens, the eastern representative of the prairie hen (pinnated grouse), which are found on the island of Martha's Vineyard, and are the sole survivors in the eastern states of one of the finest of American game birds, now practically exterminated even on the western plains.^ My father.”> > Those words evoked very different feelings now than they had only a few years before.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Since leaving California, Scott had found that he was capable of going for hours, even days without giving much thought to what must be happening now at the ranch.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It was exceptionally loud and her first few nights in Boston, Teresa had found it very difficult to sleep because of it.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.There are many insectivorous birds; among the song birds are the hermit thrush, the wood thrush, the Wilson's thrush, the brown thrasher, the bobolink, the catbird, the oven bird, the house wren, the song sparrow, the fox sparrow, the vesper sparrow, the white-throated sparrow (Peabody bird), the goldfinch and the robin.^ There were bright yellow coils which Scott termed snail shells, tan and white striped periwinkles, miniature mussels, and many other varieties.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Brook trout are found, especially in the streams in the western part of the state, and bass, pickerel, perch and smaller fish occur in the rivers and other inland waters. Fish are so abundant on the coast that the cod is sometimes used as an emblem of the state; thus a figure of one hangs in the representatives' chamber at the State House. The artificial propagation and preservation of salmon and other edible fresh-water fish have been carried on successfully under the supervision of a state commission. The commonwealth has expended large sums since 1890 in a vain attempt. to exterminate the gipsy moth (Ocneria, or more exactly Porthetria,. dispar), accidentally allowed to escape in 1869 by a French naturalist.

Climate

The climate is trying, showing great extremes of temperature (20° F. below zero to 100° above) and marked local variations. The south-eastern coast and islands are mildest. The mean average temperature of Boston is 48° F. In the interior it is slightly lower. .The mean summer temperature generally over the state is about 70° F. Changes are often sudden, and the passage from winter to summer is through a rapid spring.^ Of course Aunt Cecilia had seen through that, so he cast about for something more generous to say about the future Mrs. Wade Garrett.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The ocean tempers the climate considerably on the seaboard. Boston Harbor has been frozen over in the past, but steamtugs plying constantly now prevent the occurrence of such obstruction. .In the elevated region in the west the winters are decidedly severe, and the springs and summers often late and cold.^ The elevator is supposedly where a girl committed suicide, late at night people complain of a creepy, cold feeling and of a feeling of intense pain and fear.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Williamstown has a winter mean of about 23° F. The yearly precipitation is about 39 to 45 in., decreasing inland, and is evenly distributed throughout the year. .Fogs are common on the coast, and east wind drizzles; the north-east winds being the weather bane of spring and late autumn.^ Tewksbury - North Street - As you turn onto North Street from East Street late at night, you can see a white apparition on the corner.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

In the summer and the autumn the weather is commonly fine, and often most beautiful; and especially in the Berkshires a cool, pure and elastic atmosphere prevails, relatively dry, and altogether delightful.

Agriculture

The soil, except in some of the valleys, is not naturally fertile; and sandy wastes are common in the south-east parts. .High cultivation, however, has produced valuable marketgardens about Boston and the larger towns; and industry has made tillage remunerative in most other parts.^ Most of the other passengers had left the car, and Teresa was about to reluctantly follow them when Scott finally reappeared.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, friends, the part about skiing that I have the most trouble with are the chair lifts.

^ But for the most part, it was almost as if the trip to Boston hadn’t taken place.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The gross value of agricultural products is not great compared with that of other industries, but they are of great importance in the economy of the state.^ In fact, we believe that our employees are our greatest asset - they are the service we provide, the product we deliver and our most valuable resource.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ Break Schedule: "Excellent" - "The only break that I remember was during dinner where they had great music playing...Other than that, they played the ENTIRE night!.

.The total value of farm property in 1900 was $182,646,704, including livestock valued at $15,798,464. Of the increase in the total value of farm property between 1850 and 1900 more than half was in the decade 1890-1900; this increase being due partly to the rising value of suburban realty, but also to a development of intensive farming that has been very marked since 1880. The total value of farm products in 1899 was $42,298,274 (expenditure for fertilizers $1,320,600); crops representing 54.7 and animal products 45.3% of this total.^ Or that bottle, more than half empty.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Teresa picked up the daguerreotype and studied it, noting once more the marked resemblance between Scott and his mother.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Back then it was understandable that Scott hadn’t ever said anything about being captured, since he hadn’t been at the ranch very long, and they hadn’t known each other very well yet.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The leading crops and their percentages of the total crop value were hay and forage (39.1%), vegetables (23.9%), fruits and nuts (11.7%), forest products (8.4%), and flowers and plants (7.1%). Of the animal products 67.3% were dairy products, and 20.8% poultry and eggs. Cereals' have been for many years declining, although Indian corn is a valuable subsidiary to the dairy interest, which is the most thriving farm industry. The value of farms on which dairying was the chief source of income in 1900 was 46% of the total farm value of the state; the corresponding percentages for livestock, vegetables, hay and grain, flowers and plants, fruit and tobacco, being respectively 14.6, 10 2, 8 o, 4.2, 3.2, and 1 8%. The shrinkage of cereal crops has been mainly responsible for the idea that Massachusetts is agriculturally decadent. .Parallel to this shrinkage was the decrease in ranging sheep (82.0% from 1850-1900; 34.2% from 1890-1900), and cattle, once numerous in the hill counties of the west, and in the Connecticut Valley; Boston, then ranking after London as the second wool market of the world, and being at one time the chief packing centre of the country.^ But in general, being the most powerful country in the world means you get to benefit more from your good decisions and lose less from your bad than anyone else.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reading those words, even the second time, was worse than being punched in the stomach.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Boston Police Station 1708 Centre St. West Roxbury, MA 02132 .
  • Boston Events / Happenings Calendar 11 September 2009 12:20 UTC www.searchboston.com [Source type: General]

Dairy cows increased, however, from 1850 to 1900 by 41.9% (1890-1900, 7.3%). .The amount of improved farmland decreased in the same period 39.4%, decreasing even more since 1880 than earlier, and amounting in 1900 to no more than 25.1% of the area of the state; but this decrease has been compensated by increased value of products, especially since the beginning of intensive agriculture.^ With almost 40 years of experience and more than 380 locations in 39 states, Gentiva leads the industry with annual revenues of more than a billion dollars, serving approximately half a million patients a year.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ The day had been crisp, more fall-like than the previous ones, and so the evening air was considerably cooler as well.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The notes i received after the wedding were WOW, WOW, WOW, and WOW! From the beginning to the end of the wedding was a joyous event - more than i could ever have imagined.

An unusual density of urban settlement, furnishing excellent home markets and transportation facilities, are the main props of this new interest. Worcester and Middlesex counties are agriculturally foremost. Tobacco, which has been cultivated since colonial times, especially since the Civil War, is grown exclusively in the Connecticut Valley or on its borders. In the swamps and bogs of the south-east coast cranberry culture is practised, this district producing in 1900 three-fifths of the entire yield of the United States. " Abandoned farms " (aggregating, in 1890, 3.4% of the total farm area, and 6.85% in Hampshire county) are common, especially in the west and south-east.
Mines and Mining. - Granite is the chief mineral, and granite quarrying is the principal mineral industry of the state. In 1900 the value of manufactures based primarily upon the products of mines and quarries was $196,930,979, or 19% of the state's total manufactured product. .In 1906 Massachusetts led all states in the value of its granite output, but in 1907 and 1908 it was second to Vermont.^ Massachusetts - May 2007 OES State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates Skip to Content www.bls.gov Search: All BLS.gov .
  • Massachusetts - May 2007 OES State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: Reference]

The value of the product (including a small output of igneous rocks) was in 1903, $ 2 ,35 1, 02 7; 1904, $ 2 ,554,74 8; 1905, $ 2, 2 5 1 ,3 1 9; 1906, $3,3 2 7,4 16; 1907, $ 2 ,3 28 ,777; 1908, $2,027,463.
.Granite boulders were used for construction in Massachusetts as early as 1650. Systematic quarrying of siliceous crystalline rocks in New England began at Quincy in about 1820. The Gloucester quarries, opened in 1824, were probably the next to be worked regularly.^ Wondered about email regarding patient confidentiality and celebrities at work, then learned that New England Patriots linebacker Tedy Bruschi was at MGH - had suffered a mild stroke.

^ Dungeon rock is a large, hollowed out boulder where pirates used to hide, their spirits are said to haunt the area.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Locations Include: Massachusetts, Southern New England .
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

.The principal granite quarries are in Milford, ' The yield of cereals and of such other crops in 1907 as are recorded in the Yearbook of the United States Department of Agriculture was as follows: Indian corn, 1,584,000 bushels; oats, 245,000 bushels; barley, 64,000 bushels; buckwheat, 42,000 bushels; potatoes, 3,600,000 bushels; hay, 760,000 tons; tobacco, 7,167,500 lb.^ Today, we serve over 300,000 individuals in hundreds of facilities across the following 18 states.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

.In the same year, according to the same authority, there were in the state 196,000 milch cows, 92,000 other neat cattle, 45, 000 sheep and 70,000 swine.^ Some of the nuns were hung, some escaped then were later found and got there throats slit by the same man who hung the other nuns.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Westfield - Westfield State College - Davis Hall - There was said that a kid hung himself over Easter break a few years back.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Salem - Salem State College - Bowditch Hall Room 222 - Known for the ghosts of all three roommates that were found murdered there in the 70's.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

(Worcester county), Quincy and Milton (Norfolk county), Rockport (Essex county) and Becker (Berkshire county). Of the fourteen quarries of " Milford granite," twelve are in the township of that name, and two in Hopkinton township, Middlesex county. B. K. Emerson and J. H. Perry classify this granite as post-Cambrian. They describe it 2 as " a compact, massive rock, somewhat above medium grain, and of light colour. .The light flesh colour of the feldspar, and the blue of the quartz give it in some places a slight pinkish tint, and it is now much used as a building-stone under the name of ` pink granite.'^ But your mad that u can't use now...though there is some that do.
  • Black Entertainment Television [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since leaving California, Scott had found that he was capable of going for hours, even days without giving much thought to what must be happening now at the ranch.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Closed due to under funding, the buildings on the grounds of The Old Lakeville Hospital are still home to some that died there.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

." The Quincy granite district lies around the north-east end of the Blue Hill region, about II m.^ I ended this very nice weekend with an early evening stroll around Beacon Hill to admire the Christmas decorations that were put up that day.

south of Boston. For monumental purposes this granite is classified as " medium," " dark," and " extra dark." Quincy granite takes a very high polish, owing to the absence of mica and to the coarser cleavage of its hornblende and augite. The lightest of the monumental stone quarried at Quincy is called gold-leaf; it is bluish-green gray, speckled with black and light yellow brown. Another variety has small, rather widely separated cherry-red dots.
The Rockport granite is found along or near the seashore, between Rockport and Bay View, and within about three-quarters of a mile of Cape Ann. The granite is of two kinds, known commercially as " grey granite " and " green granite." .Both varieties are hard and take a very high polish.^ Murdoch was proud of both his boys, although he could take very little credit there, either.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The Becker granite (known as " Chester dark " and " Chester light ") is a muscovite-biotite granite varying from medium grey to medium bluish grey colour, and fine in texture. It is used principally for monuments.
In 1907 Massachusetts ranked sixth among the states in the value of its trap rock product ($432,604), and eighth in sandstone ($243,328). The value of the marble produced in the same year was $212,438, the state ranking fifth in the value of the total product and fourth in building-marble. Other minerals are emery, limestone and quartz. The state ranked fifth in 1906 in the total value of stone quarried ($4,333,616), and eighth in 1908 ($ 2 ,955, 1 95). .The output of lime in 1908 was 107,813 tons, valued at $566,022. Second in value to the various stones were the clay products of the state, which were valued in 1906 at $2,172,733 (of which $1,415,864 was the value of common brick) and in 1908 at $1,647,362 (of which $950,921 was the value of common brick).^ Teresa smiled, thinking of the stone pillars that formed a part of the stately brick walls she’d seen so many of in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.There are many mineral springs in the state, more than half being in Essex and Middlesex counties.^ Or that bottle, more than half empty.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ With almost 40 years of experience and more than 380 locations in 39 states, Gentiva leads the industry with annual revenues of more than a billion dollars, serving approximately half a million patients a year.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ As he’d come to know the man, Scott had dared to hope there might be more to the story than that final punctuation point.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The total amount of mineral waters sold in 1908 was valued at $227,907. In that year the total value of the minerals and mining products of the state was $5,9 2 5,949. Gold has been found in small quantities in Middlesex, Norfolk and Plymouth counties.

Manufactures

.Though only four states of the Union are smaller, only three exceeded Massachusetts in 1905 in the value of manufactured products (six exceeding it in population); and this despite very scant native resources of raw materials and a very limited home market.^ In fact, we believe that our employees are our greatest asset - they are the service we provide, the product we deliver and our most valuable resource.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ Our knowledge and experience - the product of more than three decades of service to the nation's most vulnerable populations - are among ResCare's greatest assets.
  • RNinsider: Massachusetts Nursing Jobs / RN Jobs in MA 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC rninsider.com [Source type: News]

^ The fifth floor, which is a small convent, is off limits to students and I have only been up there once in my three years here.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Historical priority of development, exceptionally extensive and well utilized water-power, and good transportation facilities are largely responsible for the exceptional rank of Massachusetts as a manufacturing state. .Vast water-power is developed on the Merrimac at Lawrence and Lowell, and on the Connecticut at South Hadley, and to a less extent at scores of other cities on many streams and artificial ponds; many of the machines that have revolutionized industrial conditions since the beginning of the factory system have been invented by Massachusetts men; and the state contains various technical schools of great importance.^ The other comment I heard, and this was great because it was from a group of 13 years olds, was how much they've missed a band since all they get is straight DJ's at so many of these affairs.

^ The walls were lined with shelves, many of them containing books, but others displaying various objects that Mr. Garrett had accumulated over the years.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ But since their return to Boston, with so many other things demanding his attention, their time together in Maine was in danger of becoming a faint memory.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

In 1900 the value of manufactures was $1,035,198,989, an increase from 1890 of 16.6%; that from 1880 to 1890 having been 40.7%. In textiles - cottons, worsteds, woollens and carpets - in boots and shoes, in rubber foot-wear, in fine writing paper, and in other minor products, it is the leading state of the country. .The textile industries (the making of carpets and rugs, cotton goods, cotton smallwares, dyeing and finishing textiles, felt goods, felt hats, hosiery and knit goods, shoddy, silk and silk goods, woollen goods, and worsted goods), employed 32.5% of all manufacturing wage earners in 1905, and their product ($271,369,816) was 24.1% of the total, and of this nearly one-half ($129,171,449) was in cotton goods, being 28.9% of the total output of the country, as compared with I I % for South Carolina, the nearest competitor of Massachusetts.^ But in general, being the most powerful country in the world means you get to benefit more from your good decisions and lose less from your bad than anyone else.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There was no need to enumerate each one of Teresa’s many good qualities, he knew them all full well, by heart.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Being overtired and grumpy do not make a good combination, I have to tell you.

There is a steadily increasing product of fine grade fabrics. .The output of worsted goods in 1905 ($51,973944) was more than three-tenths that of the entire country, Rhode Island being second with $44,477,596; in Massachusetts the increase in the value of this product was 28.2% between 1900 and 1905. The value of woollen goods in 1905 ($44,653,940) was more than three-tenths of the entire product for the country; and it was 44'6% more than that of 1900. The value of boots and shoes and cut stock in 1905 was $173,612,660, being 23% greater than in 1900; the value of boots and shoes in 1905 ($144,291,426) was 45.1% of the country's output, that of New York, the second state, being only 10.7 A. In this industry, as in the manufacture of cotton goods, Massachusetts has long been without serious rivalry; Brockton, Lynn, The Green Schists and Associated Granites and Porphyries of Rhode Island, Bulletin, U.S. Geological Survey, No.^ But in general, being the most powerful country in the world means you get to benefit more from your good decisions and lose less from your bad than anyone else.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reading those words, even the second time, was worse than being punched in the stomach.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It is good for me, as a citizen, that my country carry so much influence that the merest whims can piss off an entire hemisphere.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

311, 1907.
Haverhill, Marlboro and Boston, in the order named, being the principal centres. The third industry in 1905 was that of foundry and machine-shop products ($58,508,793), of which Boston and Worcester are the principal centres. .Lesser interests, in the order of importance, with the product value of each in 1905, were: rubber goods ($53,133,020), tanned, curried and finished leather ($33,35 2 ,999), in the manufacture of which Massachusetts ranked second among the states; paper and wood pulp' ($32,012,247), in the production of which the state ranked second among the states of the Union; slaughtering and meat packing ($30,253,838); printing and publishing ($33,900,7}8, of which $21,020,237 was the value of newspapers and periodicals); clothing ($21,724,056); electrical machinery, apparatus and supplies ($15,882,216); lumber ($12,636,329); iron and steel, steel works and rolling-mills products ($ 11 ,947,73 1; less than in 1900); cordage and twine ($11,173,521), in the manufacture of which Massachusetts was second only to New York; furniture ($11,092,581); malt liquors ($11,080,944); jewelry ($10,073,595), Massachusetts ranking second to Rhode Island; confectionery ($9,317,996), in which Massachusetts was third among the states.^ But in general, being the most powerful country in the world means you get to benefit more from your good decisions and lose less from your bad than anyone else.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The majority of the people at my work willing to talk politics and state who they'd vote for have stated, "I'd rather vote for McCain than vote for Obama.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then, last night, they had dined with the Miss Harringtons, two middle-aged sisters from New York state, Miss Virginia and Miss Louisa.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Many of these industries have a history going back far into colonial times, some even dating from the first half of the 17th century.^ If you get on the back elevator by your self, it will some times take you up to the fifth floor and the doors will open, staying like that for a short time.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott had leaned back in his seat and taken some time to consider his answer.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ He wouldn’t give up, wouldn’t go back home and try to forget, not this time.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Textile products were really varied and of considerable importance before 1700. The policy of the British government towards such industries in the colonial period was in general repressive. .The non-importation sentiment preceding the War of Independence fostered home manufactures considerably, and the Embargo and Non-Intercourse Acts before the war of 1812, as well as that war itself (despite the subsequent glut of British goods) had a much greater effect; for they mark the introduction of the factory system, which by 1830 was firmly established in the textile industry and was rapidly transforming other industries.^ He kissed her upraised cheek and they quietly exchanged a few words before Scott turned to make his introduction.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Much as they’d taken pleasure in each other’s company, it had always been understood that it wouldn’t amount to anything.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ They didn’t talk very much after that, other than a few comments about the coffee and the dessert.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Improvements were introduced much more slowly than in England, the cost of cotton machinery as late as 1826 being 50-60% greater in America.^ But in general, being the most powerful country in the world means you get to benefit more from your good decisions and lose less from your bad than anyone else.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott smiled his thanks, realizing guiltily that he must have told her more than a few times how much he disliked traveling by stage.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Feeling less than reassured, Johnny moved to the front of the buggy and sprang up to his seat, then waited while Murdoch climbed up more slowly on the other side.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The first successful power loom in America was set up at Waltham in 1814. Carding, roving and spinning machines were constructed at Bridgewater in 1786. The first cotton mill had been established in Beverly in 1788, and the first real woollen factory at Byfield in 1794. Woolcard machinery destined to revolutionize the industry was devised by Amos Whittemore (1759-1828) in 1 797; spinning jennies were in operation under water-power before 1815. Carpet-weaving was begun at Worcester in 1804. " Not a yard of fancy wool fabric had ever been woven by the power-loom in any country till done by William Crompton at the Middlesex Mills, Lowell, in 1840 " (Samuel Lawrence).^ Then turning her name into an exclamation, Scott lifted her up off the floor in genuine delight, spinning them both completely around before setting her back down again.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The gym has been visited quite often, and thanks to the television sets across from the cardio equipment I am now again up to date on every reality TV show on the planet.

^ Scott squeezed her back, before moving away, and placing his fingers under her chin for a moment, lightly lifting until she was looking up into his face again.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

2 The introduction of the remarkably complete machinery of the shoe industry was practically complete by 1865, this being the last of the great industries to come under the full dominance of machinery. .At Pittsfield and at Dalton is centred the manufacture of fine writing papers, including that of paper used by the national government for bonds and paper money.^ The older woman had given Teresa permission to use the writing desk in her small sitting room, as well as some of her letter paper.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ With a few notable exceptions, Scott’s gifts from his grandfather had tended to be in a practical vein: books and clothing, useful items such as pens and writing paper.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ In September 2004, a civil society organization known as the Citizens Constitutional Forum launched a Freedom of Information Bill 2004 and a Freedom of Information Discussion Paper , to be used as a basis for discussion by civil society and the Government.

.Four-fifths of all loft-dried paper produced in the country from1860-1897was made within 15 m.^ As he looked over the sheaf of papers, Scott found that all of the changes the older man had mentioned had been made.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

of Springfield; Holyoke and South Hadley being the greatest producers. Vulcanized rubber is a Massachusetts invention. Most of the imitation jewelry of the United States is produced at Attleboro and North Attleboro, and in Providence, Rhode Island. .In 1905 Boston produced 16'4% of all the manufactures of the state, and Lynn, the second city, which had been fifth in 1900, 4.9%.^ Not the prettiest of them by any means - in particular as it features the very futuristically designed Sewage Treatment Plant for the city of Boston (as my Roger noted "This is where it all ends!"

^ I am back in town - returned from the Sunshine State, and the city of Boston welcomed us at the airport with a scorching 45 degrees!!

Some industries which have since become dead or of relatively slight magnitude were once of much greater significance, economically or socially: such as the rum-distilling connected with the colonial slave trade, and various interests concerned with shipbuilding and navigation. The packing of pork and beef formerly centred in Boston,. but, while the volume of this business has not diminished, it has Seen greatly exceeded in the west. .For many years Massachusetts controlled a vast lumber trade, drawing upon the forests of Maine, but the growth of the west changed the old channels of trade, and Boston carpenters came to make use of western timber.^ My grandfather expected me to be independent and to make my own decisions----- something that he came to regret on more than one occasion, as many of you know.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Uxbridge - Montville House - house is 350 years old and many people have died in it.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Attleboro - St. Stephen's Cemetery - There are many reports of a ghost named Doris, who was a 2 year old girl, her mother, Albertine, and her father, Eugene.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.It was between 1840 and 1850 that the cotton manufactures of Massachusetts began to assume large proportions; and about the same time the manufacture of boots and shoes centred there.^ The group wasted little time with pleasantries before they began plying her with questions about the ranch ---or, to be more exact, with questions about Scott and his life as a rancher.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, it had been about the same time of evening, right here, in front of the hacienda, that he’d found Julie with her bags packed, and heard her confess to the real purpose of her visit.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It had actually been at the very same time that Melissa had been about to board the stage after her own eventful stay that Scott had announced to his family that he had invited his grandfather to visit.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Medford ships began to be famous shortly after the beginning of the 19th century, and by 1845 that town employed one quarter of all the shipwrights in the state.^ They have been around for a quarter century and generally perform pieces from all periods of music history.

Fishing is an important industry. .Drift whales were utilized in the earliest years of the colony, and shore boating for the baleen (or " right ") whale - rich in bone and in blubber yielding common oil - was an industry already regulated by various towns before 1650; but the pursuit of the sperm whale did not begin until about 1713. The former industry had died out before the War of Independence; the latter is not yet quite extinct.^ And sometimes I watch those talk shows and see how long it takes for me to figure out what that specific episode is about.yep, I did.
  • Black Entertainment Television [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thank you so much for all you did-it was truly amazing and we will talk about it for years to come!!

^ Carlisle was first settled in the year 1650, is located about 40 minutes outside of Boston (20 Miles NW) and - interesting fact - 25% of the town is protected conservation land.

.Nantucket and New Bedford were the centres of the whaling trade, which, for the ' In 1905 Massachusetts produced 60'7% of the writing paper manufactured in the country.^ The Arboretum was established in 1872, when James Arnold, a whaling merchant from New Bedford, Mass, willed some of his estate to Harvard College.

.Besides writing paper, book paper and building paper are made in the state, but very little newspaper.^ With a few notable exceptions, Scott’s gifts from his grandfather had tended to be in a practical vein: books and clothing, useful items such as pens and writing paper.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

2 It must be noted, however, that the first successful construction of cards, drawing and roving, and of spindles, on the Arkwright principle was by S. Slater at Pawtucket, Rhode Island in 1790.
energy and skill required and the length .(three to five years when sailing vessels were employed) of the ever-widening voyages which finally took the fishermen into every quarter of the globe, contributes the most romantic chapters in the history of American commerce.^ She was smiling, gazing off into the distance, her face in three-quarter profile.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

At one time it gave occupation to a thousand ships, but the introduction of petroleum gradually diminished this resource of the lesser ports. The Newfoundland Bank fisheries were of greater economic importance and are still very important. Gloucester is the chief centre of the trade. The value of fishery products in 1895 was $5,703,143, and in 1905 $7,025,249; and 15,694 persons were engaged in the fisheries. .Though cod is much the most important fish (in 1905 fresh cod were valued at $991,679, and salted cod at $696,928), haddock (fresh, $1,051,910; salted, $17,194), mackerel (value in 1905, including horse mackerel, $970,876), herring (fresh, $266,699; salted, $114,997), pollock ($267,927), hake ($258,438), halibut ($218,232), and many other varieties are taken in great quantities.^ Much as they’d taken pleasure in each other’s company, it had always been understood that it wouldn’t amount to anything.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The other comment I heard, and this was great because it was from a group of 13 years olds, was how much they've missed a band since all they get is straight DJ's at so many of these affairs.

^ And then he still would have to face the other questions that surely would follow ---including the one Johnny had asked--—why had it taken him so long?
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The shell fisheries are less important than those of Maine.

Commerce

Already by 1660 New England products were an " important element in the commerce and industries of the mother country " (Weeden). .Codfish was perhaps the truest basis of her commerce, which soon came to include the West Indies, Africa and southern Europe.^ Government Soon to Draft Long-Overdue Freedom of Information Act, Says Minister Media Institute of Southern Africa, 3 May.

Of fundamental importance was the trade with the French West Indies, licit and illicit, particularly after the Peace of Utrecht (1713). Provisions taken to Newfoundland, poor fish to the West Indies, molasses to New England, rum to Africa and good cod to France and Spain, were the commonest ventures of foreign trade. .The English Navigation Acts were generally evaded, and were economically of little effect; politically they were of great importance in Massachusetts as a force that worked for independence.^ His first play "Saved" which was produced by the UK's Royal Court Theater Group (1965) depicted the life of disenchanted youths who were driven to monstrous acts generated by the brutal economic conditions they faced.

^ The majority of the people at my work willing to talk politics and state who they'd vote for have stated, "I'd rather vote for McCain than vote for Obama.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

.Privateering, piracy and slave-trading - which though of less extent than in Rhode Island became early of importance, and declined but little before the American War of Independence - give colour to the history of colonial trade.^ He didn’t address her differently, he called her “Teh-RAY-sah” as he always had, though to her ears it sounded even more special than before.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ A less than happy memory, that last, though some good had come of the conversation they’d had en route to town.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Trade with China and India from Salem was begun in 1785 (first voyage from New York, 1784), and was first controlled there, and afterwards in Boston till the trade was lost to New York.^ New York was, as always, amazing, dazzling, like a shot of adrenaline - jam-packed with tourists, and some folks who actually live there.

^ The train would arrive in New York City quite early the next morning and in Boston some five hours after that.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Hiking season has begun, and this weekend I will attend a couple of short hikes, Nashua, New Hampshire and Middlesex Fells, MA; there is a Sports and Fitness Expo at the Hynes Convention Center (on account of the Boston Marathon on Monday!

.The Boston trade to the Canadian north-west coast was begun in 1788. The first regular steamship line from Boston to other American Atlantic ports was established in 1824. In commercial relations the chief port of Massachusetts attained its greatest importance about 1840, when it was selected as the American terminus of the first steamship line (Cunard) connecting Great Britain with the United States; but Boston lost the commercial prestige then won by the failure of the state to promote railway communication with the west, so as to equal the development effected by other cities.^ Our first dance song was perfection and the song selections were great.

^ On Saturday morning, I headed for Lynn Woods, about 11 miles north of Boston, and one of the largest municipal forests in the country.

^ Just as Grandfather had never told him very much about the fire that had, less than a year ago, decimated much of Boston’s commercial district.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The decline of commerce, however, had already begun, manufacturing supplanting it in importance; and this decline was rapid by 1850. From 1840 to 1860 Massachusetts-built ships competed successfully in the carrying trade of the world. Before 1840 a ship of 500 tons was a large ship, but after the discovery of gold in California the size of vessels increased rapidly and their lines were more and more adapted to speed. The limit of size was reached in an immense clipper of 4555 tons, and the greatest speed was attained in a passage from San Francisco to Boston in seventy-five days, and from San Francisco to Cork in ninety-three days. The development of steam navigation for the carrying of large cargoes has driven this fleet from the sea. Only a small part of the exports and imports of Massachusetts is now carried in American bottoms.' .The first grain elevator built in Boston, and one of the first in the world, was erected in 1843, when Massachusetts sent Indian corn to Ireland.^ However it has one of the best views of the city of Boston and the surrounding Massachusetts Bay and its islands.

^ Although he’d been busy going over business concerns with Wade, Scott couldn’t help thinking about those letters, especially the ones that he had sent to Boston during the War.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Boston - Emerson Majestic Theatre - Built in 1903, the Majestic has been noted as one of the most haunted theatres in the district.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.When the Civil War and steam navigation put an end to the supremacy of Massachusetts wooden sailing ships, much of the capital which had been employed in navigation was turned into developing railway facilities and coasting steamship lines.^ The ship sailed off into the fog and seemed to disappear.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ While her lips formed a thin line of displeasure, her fingers curved over the fabric, the nails tapping against the carved wooden end piece.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In 1872 the great fire in Boston made large drains upon the capital of the state, and several years of depression followed.^ For more information on the Great Boston Fire of 1872, please see the following: .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The rest of their luggage would follow by wagon from Stockton, along with several boxes from Boston, and the crate containing Catherine’s portrait.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Just as Grandfather had never told him very much about the fire that had, less than a year ago, decimated much of Boston’s commercial district.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

But in 1907 Boston was the second port of the United States in the magnitude of its foreign commerce. .In that year the value of imports at the Boston-Charlestown customs district was $123,411,168, and the value of exports was $104,610,908; for 1909 the corresponding figures were $127,025,654 and $72,936,869. Other ports of entry in the state in 1909 were Newburyport, Gloucester, Salem, Marblehead, Plymouth, Barnstable, Nantucket, Edgartown, New Bedford and Fall River.^ Marblehead - Olde Burial Hill - Haunted by willmot Redd the first and only witch during The Salem Witch Trials in 1692 She was hung with 19 others.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Just as Grandfather had never told him very much about the fire that had, less than a year ago, decimated much of Boston’s commercial district.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Please add this new information and/or remove your Met State entry.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.A protective tariff was imposed in early colonial times and protection was generally approved in the state until toward the close of the 19th century, when a strong demand became apparent for reciprocity with Canada and for tariff reductions on the raw materials (notably hides) of Massachusetts manufactures.^ I thought the Attorney Generals of Ten or so states asked California not to resolve this until after the presidential election?
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

At the end of 1908 the length of railway lines within the state was 2,109'33 miles. The Hoosac Tunnel, 54 m. long, pierces the Hoosac Mountain in the north-west corner of the state, affording a communication with western lines. It cost about $20,000,000, the state lending its credit, and was built between 1855 and 1874. The inter-urban electric railways are of very great importance in the state; in 1908 the total mileage of street and inter-urban electric The tax valuation on ships engaged in foreign trade was lowered between 1884 and 1900 from $2,801,405 to $147,768.
railways was 2841.59 m. (2233.85 M. being first main track). .The Cape Cod canal, 12 m.^ Sandwich - Near Cape Cod Canal - A large ship with giant sails was drifting out near Cape Cod Canal.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

long, from .Sandwich on Barnstable Bay to Buzzard's Bay, was begun in June 1909, with a view to shortening the distance by water from Boston to New York and eliminating the danger of the voyage round Cape Cod.^ However it has one of the best views of the city of Boston and the surrounding Massachusetts Bay and its islands.

^ Sandwich - Near Cape Cod Canal - A large ship with giant sails was drifting out near Cape Cod Canal.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Cape Cod - Barnstable Inn - Drinks get knocked over by an unseen force and doors slam.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Population.-The population of the state in 1910 was 3,366,416, the increases in successive decades after 1790 being respectively 11 6, 11 6, 10.9, 16.6, 20.9, 34.8, 23.8, 18.4, 22.4, 2 5.6, 25.3 and 20%.^ Cannibal Feast 11-29-2006, 10:34 AM It is racist.
  • Black Entertainment Television [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kevin D. Comicboy 11-29-2006, 10:39 AM Black people being racist...
  • Black Entertainment Television [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ RockSP 11-29-2006, 10:18 AM I'm not really that in any uproar over BET, but I think it does serve to divide the country even if on a small scale.
  • Black Entertainment Television [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.1 With the exception of Rhode Island, it is the most densely populated state in the Union, the average number to the square mile in 1900 being 349 (in 1910, 418.8), and the urban population, i.e. the population of places having above 8000 or more inhabitants, being 69.9% in 1890 and in 1900 76.0% of the total population (in places above 2500, 91.5%; in places above 25,000, 58.3%).^ But in general, being the most powerful country in the world means you get to benefit more from your good decisions and lose less from your bad than anyone else.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

.The female population is greater (and has been since 1765, at least) than the male, the percentage being in 1900 greater than in any other state of the Union (51.3%; District of Columbia, owing to clerks in government service 52.6%).^ Scott had explained later that it was understandable she’d been fooled, since when he was guarding her, Andy had been “the good guard”----so much nicer than the others.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Our government is more effective at pursuing what it believes to be the national interest than any other.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Teresa had suddenly recalled once being taunted by other girls about her own motherless state.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In 1900 less than 1.3% of the population was coloured; 30.2% were foreign-born (this element having almost continuously risen from 16.49% in 1855), and 62.3% of all inhabitants and 46.5% of those nativeborn had one or both parents of foreign birth.^ Either I'm more of a troll than I thought I was, or you're less of one than I thought you were, because this makes perfect sense to me.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Murdoch didn’t say anything about the less than warm welcome he had extended to his sons, nothing at all about how he’d actually felt that first day.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ I suppose they will.” Not that he’d mind at all having her continued company, in fact, he’d welcome it.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Ireland contributed the largest proportion of the foreign-born (29.5%), although since 1875 the proportion of Irish in the total population has considerably fallen. After the Irish the leading foreign elements are Canadian English (18.7%), Canadian French (r 5.8%) and English (9.7%), these four constituting threefourths of the foreign population. Since 1885 the natives of southern Italy have greatly increased in number. .Of the increase in total population from1856-1895only a third could be attributed to the excess of births over deaths; two-thirds being due to immigration from other states or from abroad.^ Teresa had suddenly recalled once being taunted by other girls about her own motherless state.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Boston is the second immigrant port of the country. .A large part of the transatlantic immigrants pass speedily to permanent homes in the west, but by far the greater part of the Canadian influx remains.^ Harlan Garrett’s attitude towards his former son-in-law would have been unfavorable as well, in part justified by Murdoch’s choice to remain so far away from his son.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.According to the census of 1900 there were 33 incorporated cities in Massachusetts, of which 8 had between 12,000 and 20,000 inhabitants; 5 between 20,000 and 25,000 (Everett, North Adams, Quincy, Waltham, Pittsfield); 2 io between 25,000 and 50,000 (Holyoke, Brockton, Haverhill, Salem, Chelsea, Malden, Newton, Fitchburg, Taunton, Gloucester); 7 between 50,000 and ioo,000 (Lowell, Cambridge, Lynn, Lawrence, New Bedford, Springfield, Somerville); and 3 more than roo,000 inhabitants, viz.^ As he’d come to know the man, Scott had dared to hope there might be more to the story than that final punctuation point.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Athol - Adams Cemetery - Now little more than an abandoned lot, this site was once known as the infamous Adams dumping ground.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It's way more entertaining to read your takes than all the blogs and shit out there.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

Boston (560,892), Worcester (118,421) and Fall River (104,863).
.Taking quinquennial periods from1856-1905the birth-rates were 29.5, 25.3, 26 o, 27.6, 24.2, 25.0, 25.8, 27.6, 27.0 and 24.2 per r,000; and the death-rates 17.7, 20.7, 18.2, 20 8, 18.8,19.8, 19.4, 19.8, r 8 o and 16.4. 3 Pneumonia and consumption, approximately of equal fatality (15 to 18 per 10,000 each), exceed more than twofold the diseases of next lower fatality, cancer and cholera infantum.^ It's way more entertaining to read your takes than all the blogs and shit out there.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Today we reached the absolute low point of this week (in more ways than one), 3 degrees Fahrenheit, with a windchill around minus 20 (still Fahrenheit).

^ Many people take the day off to cheer on the 20,000 runners in the race!

.Of males (1,097, 581) engaged in 1900 in gainful occupations 47.1% were engaged in manufacturing and mechanical pursuits (77.9 in every loo in 1870 and 73 in 1900), 27.1 in trade and transportation, 14.2 in domestic and personal service, 7.4 in agricultural pursuits and 4.2 in professional service.^ Personal Care and Service Occupations top .
  • Massachusetts - May 2007 OES State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Personal Care and Service Occupations .
  • Massachusetts - May 2007 OES State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: Reference]

The corresponding percentages for females (1,169,467) were 46.4 in manufacturing (in 1890, 52 °A), 32.3 in domestic and personal service, 13.6 in trade and transportation, 7.1 in professional service and o 6 in agriculture. Formerly farmers' daughters of native stock were much employed in factories; but since operatives of foreign birth or parentage have in great part 1 The population of the state was 378,787 in 1790; 422,845 in 1800; 472,040 in 1810; 523,287 in 1820; 610,408 in 1830; 737,699 in 18 4 0; 994,5 1 4 in 1850; 1,231,066 in 1860; 1,457,351 in 1870; 1,783,085 in 1880; 2,238,943 in 1890; and 2,805,346 in 1900. In 1905, according to the state census, the population was 3,003,680, or about 7.7% more than in 1900.
2 In 1905 Brookline and Chicopee also had more than 20,000; and Quincy and Pittsfield each had more than 25,000.
.3 The birth-rates every fifth (census) year up to 1895 varied for natives from 14.48 to 19.49; for foreigners from 45.87 to 66.68. The marriage rates in quinquennial periods up to 1905 were 19.6, 18.6, 21.0, 19.8, 15.6, 18.6, 18.6, 18.6, 17.4 and 17.4; the ratio of marriages to the marriageable population was for males (above 16 years) 61.5, for females (above 14) 46.0; the fecundity of marriages seemed to have increased, being about twice as high for foreigners as for natives.^ In addition to being all dressed up like an Eastern dandy, Scott had seemed stiff and kind of defensive.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ How her friends would have giggled about that, Scott being “measured.” At least Nellie would have giggled, in response to whatever comment Alondra came up with.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ PM Every other country's foreign and economic policies must account for our actions, but we can go about our way perfectly happy pretending that e.g.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

.See Annual Report of the Board of Health (1896), by S. W. Abbott; and Sixty-fourth Report of Births, Marriages and Deaths in Massachusetts (1906).^ This buildings windows and doors are boarded up partially due to the fact that people have reported seeing ghosts in the windows looking outside.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

taken their places, they have sought other occupations, largely in the manufacture of small wares in the cities, and particularly in departments of trade where skilled labour is essential. Household service is seldom now done, as it formerly was, by women of native stock. The federal census of 1900 showed that of every ioo persons employed for gain only 37.5% were of native descent (that is, had a nativeborn father). Natives heavily predominated in agriculture and the professions, slightly in trade, and held barely more than half of all governmental positions; but in transportation, personal service, manufactures, labour and domestic service, the predominance of the foreign element warranted the assertion of the state Bureau of Statistics of Labour that " the strong industrial condition of Massachusetts has been secured and is held not by the labour of what is called the 'native stock,' but by that of the immigrants." After the original and exclusively English immigration from 1620 to 1640 there was nothing like regular foreign immigration until the 19th century; and it was a favourite assertion of Dr Palfrey that the blood of the fishing folk on Cape Cod was more purely English through two centuries than that of the inhabitants of any English county.
.With foreign immigration the strength of the Roman Catholic Church has greatly increased: in 1906 of every moo of estimated population 355 were members of the Roman Catholic Church (a proportion exceeded only in New Mexico and in Rhode Island; 310 was the number per moo in Louisiana), and only 148 were communicants of Protestant bodies; in 1906 there were 1,080,706 Roman Catholics (out of a total of 1,562,621 communicants of all denominations), 119,196 Congregationalists, 80,894 Baptists, 65,498 Methodists and 51,636 Protestant Episcopalians.^ Staggering out every night as if I had been drugged, I decided to do fun stuff and totally overcompensate.

Reference has been made to " abandoned farms " in Massachusetts. The desertion of farms was an inevitable result of the opening of the great cereal regions of the west, but it is by no means characteristic of Massachusetts alone. The Berkshire district affords an excellent example of the interrelations of topography, soil and population. .Many hill towns once thriving have long since become abandoned, desolate and comparatively inaccessible; though with the development of the summer resident's interests many will probably eventually regain prosperity.^ But since their return to Boston, with so many other things demanding his attention, their time together in Maine was in danger of becoming a faint memory.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It wasn’t entirely a new discovery; Scott was actually rediscovering it, since he’d found it once before, many years ago when he was just a child.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ When Scott was growing up, “Aunt Cee” had resided in the Maine coastal town of Brunswick; Scott had spent many weeks each summer visiting his great aunt and her husband, Elwood.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Almost half of the highland towns reached their maximum population before the opening of the ,9th century, although Berkshire was scarcely settled till after 1760, and three-fourths of them before 1850. On the other hand three-fourths of the lowland towns reached their maximum since that date, and half of them since 1880. The lowland population increased six and a half times in the century, the upland diminished by an eighth.^ You won’t have time to miss me, you’ll be too busy seein’ the other half of the country.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ As she had already one hundred times today, Teresa reached up with one hand to check that first one, then the other, pearl earring was still securely in place.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott had barely settled in his seat when he’d reached for the bottle to pour himself some wine--and he’d been refilling his glass before the rest of them had finished filling their plates.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Socially and educationally the upland has furnished an interesting example of decadence. .Since 1865 (at least) various parts of Cape Cod have shrunk greatly in population, agriculture and manufactures, and even in fishing interests; this reconstruction of industrial and social interests being, apparently, simply part of the general urban movement-a movement toward better opportunities.^ The Netherlands generally don't see a lot of snow, and apparently at the sight of even one snowflake all hell breaks lose here.

^ It was even better when he leaned towards her, pointing out the window to identify some landmark.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Not unattractive, but she’d been difficult to talk to, her interests apparently few and tending towards the pedestrian.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.What prosperity or stability remains in various Cape Cod communities is largely due to foreign immigrants-especially BritishAmericans and Portuguese from the Azores; although the population remains, to a degree exceptional in northern states, of native stock.^ Sandwich - Near Cape Cod Canal - A large ship with giant sails was drifting out near Cape Cod Canal.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Government.-Representative government goes back to 1634, and the bicameral legislature to 1644. The constitution of 1780, which still endures (the only remaining state constitution of the r8th century), was framed in the main by Samuel Adams, and as an embodiment of colonial experience and revolutionary principles, and as a model of constitution-making in the early years of independence, is of very great historical interest.^ Only 14 dry towns remain in this lovely state of ours.

^ Framingham - Framingham State College - Peirce Hall - A resident assistant was the only person staying in her dorm before early students moved in.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Thank you all so very, very, much for making this wedding a great success!

.It has been amended with considerable freedom (37 amendments up to 1907), but with more conservatism than has often prevailed in the constitutional reform of other states; so that the constitution of Massachusetts is not so completely in harmony with modern democratic sentiment as are the public opinion and statute law of the state.^ Senate Legal and Constitutional Legislation Committee (2001) Inquiry into Freedom of Information Amendment (Open Government) Bill 2000 , Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia.

^ The day had been crisp, more fall-like than the previous ones, and so the evening air was considerably cooler as well.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ A fun event, and afterward a whole pack of women who I hooked up with galumphed over to the "21st Amendment" (the pub next to the State House).

The commonwealth, for example, is still denominated " sovereign," and education is not declared a constitutional duty of the commonwealth. One unique feature is the duty of the supreme court to give legal advice, on request, to the governor and council. .Another almost equally exceptional feature is the persistence of the colonial executive council, consisting of members chosen to represent divisions of the state, who assist the governor in his executive functions.^ He was an MIT undergrad in the 1950s who was a fraternity member at Lambda Chi Alpha on Bay State Road, thus he had to cross the Harvard bridge each day to get to and from campus.

.Massachusetts is also one of the few states in which the legislature meets in annual session.4 Townships were represented as such in this body (called the General Court) until 1856. Religious qualifications for suffrage and office-holding were somewhat relaxed, except in the case of 4 The number of representatives from 1832 to 1908 varied from 240 to 635, and the length of session from 58 to 206 days (since 1861 none of under 100 days), with an almost continual increase in both respects.^ His father’s last minute arrival had been one of the few genuinely happy moments of the past few days.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Uncle El had also answered his country’s call, enlisting to serve under his Bowdoin colleague, Colonel—later General-- Joshua Chamberlain.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The photograph of himself with General Sheridan had been one such item, but Scott had never actually shown it to Murdoch.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Roman Catholics, after 1691.' Real toleration in public opinion grew slowly through the 18th century, removing the religious tests of voters; and a constitutional amendment in 1821 explicitly forbade such tests in the case of office-holders.^ In 2005, the Nauru Constitutional Review Commission undertook public consultation and received submissions on proposed amendments to the Nauru Constitution.

^ Article 51 of the Constitution explicitly recognises the right of reasonable access to official documents, subject only to the need for such secrecy as is reasonably justifiable in a democratic society.

^ Article 21(1)(f) of the Constitution explicitly recognises that all persons shall have the right to information, subject to such qualifications and laws as are necessary in a democratic society.

.Property qualifications for the suffrage and for office-holding - universal through colonial times - were abolished in the main in 1780. From 1821 to 1891 the payment of at least a poll-tax was a condition precedent to the exercise of the suffrage.^ But she did, for a time—at least until they were well into the main course.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

An educational test (dating from 1857) is exacted for the privilege of voting, every voter being required to be able to read the constitution of the commonwealth in the English language, and to write his name. The property qualification of the governor was not abolished until 1892. In the presidential election of 1896, when an unprecedentedly large vote was cast, the number of voters registered was nearly 20% of the population, and of these nearly 82% actually voted. .Massachusetts is one of the only two states in the Union in which elections for state officers are held annually.^ For plays, you simply go to the cash registers/exits, line up behind the one or two people there at Register 6 (Plays Only) and get your ticket.

^ The only feasible solution, he told himself, would be for the two of them to start a completely new enterprise midway between the present ones.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In 1888 an act was passed providing for the use in state elections of a blanket ballot, on which the names of all candidates for each office are arranged alphabetically under the heading of that office, and there is no arrangement in party columns.^ There was no need, after all, for her to react so.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The people who used to live there erected the state in memory of their little girl who fell from the small cliff behind the house and drowned in the outlet.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Since the Act was passed, there have been various amendments and rules passed in support of the primary legislation.

This was the first state law of the kind in the country. The same method of voting has been adopted in about two-thirds of the townships of the state. .A limited suffrage was conferred upon women in 1879. Every female citizen having the qualifications of a male voter may vote in the city and town elections for members of the school committee.^ You may sort your results by School Name, City, In State, Out of State and Two or Four Year School fields.
  • Scholarships.com - Massachusetts Colleges & Universities 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.scholarships.com [Source type: News]

A householder with a family may, by recording the proper declaration in a registry of deeds, hold exempt from attachment, levy on execution, and sale for the payment of debts thereafter contracted an estate of homestead, not exceeding $800 in value, in a farm or lot with buildings thereon which he lawfully possesses by lease or otherwise and occupies as his residence. The exemption does not extend, however, to the prohibition of sale for taxes, and in case the householder's buildings are on land which he has leased those buildings are not exempt from sale or levy for the ground rent. .If the householder has a wife he can mortgage or convey his estate of homestead only with her consent, and if he dies leaving a widow or minor children the homestead exemption survives until the youngest child is twenty-one years of age, or until the death or marriage of the widow, provided the widow or a child continues to occupy it.^ She dreamed they might have their own children one day, but when Scott held their child, would he always wonder about Marie Christine?
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ As if he would simply overlook twenty-four years of silence, if only the price was right.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Now widowed, Cecilia Holmes continued to spend time at her Maine residence during the summer months, but the rest of the year resided with her brother in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The scope of state activity has become somewhat remarkable. .In addition to the usual state boards of education (1837), agriculture (1852), railroad commissioners (1869), health (1869), statistics of labour, fisheries and game, charity (1879), the dairy bureau (1891), of insanity (1898), prison, highways, insurance and banking commissions, there are also commissions on ballot-law, voting machines, civil service (1884), uniformity of legislation, gas and electric lighting corporations, conciliation and arbitration in labour disputes (1886), &c.^ Brewster - The Crosby Mansion - The Crosby Mansion has only been seen by a few people, the people have said that the house has no electricity and that lights were flickering when nobody was there.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Except his health insurance provider's bank account.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

There are efficient state boards of registration in pharmacy, dentistry and medicine. Foods and drugs have been inspected since 1882. In general it may be said that the excellence of administrative results is noteworthy. The work of the Bureau of Statistics of Labor, of the Bureau of Health, of the Board of Railroad Commissioners, and of the Board of Conciliation and Arbitration, and the progress of civil service, have been remarkable for value and efficiency. .Almost all state employees are under civil service rules; the same is true of the city of Boston; and of the clerical, stenographic, prison, police, civil engineering, fire, labourforeman, inspection and bridge tender services of all cities; and under a law (1894) by which cities and towns may on petition enlarge the application of their civil service rules.^ Not the prettiest of them by any means - in particular as it features the very futuristically designed Sewage Treatment Plant for the city of Boston (as my Roger noted "This is where it all ends!"

^ Releasing some of the household employees may be necessary,” Wade stated firmly, cutting George Hayford off in mid-sentence.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite Teresa’s early apprehension that it was all too wonderful to be true, the exciting alteration in their relationship seemed almost natural now.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Various other public services, including even common labourers of the larger towns, are rapidly passing under civil service regulation. Veterans of the Civil War have privileges in the administration of the state service. .In the settlement of labour disputes conciliatory methods were successful in the formative period, when the parties to disputes adopted customary attitudes of hostility and fought to the end unless they were reconciled by the Board to a final agreement or to an agreement to arbitrate.^ In 2000, the Fijian Labour Party (which at that time formed the Government) issued an Exposure Draft Freedom of Information Bill .

.2 In this earlier period (before 1900), thanks to the 1 However, every office-holder was, and every subject might be, required to take (though this was not a condition of the franchise) the oaths enjoined by parliament in the first year of the reign of William and Mary as a substitute for the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy; and the same still applies to the signing of the Declaration.^ I wore the same clothes every day, for the better part of a year.”> > .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Whitman - Brooks Plymouth Street Trail leading into the woods - In the early 1900's every Halloween for 5yrs straight the girl scouts had a Halloween party sleepover in first cabin from where the trail begins, with the same supervisor..
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I just figured you might want to take a day before we headed out.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

From 1887-1900, out of 290 cases settled, only 107 were formal arbitrations, 124 agreements were effected by the mediation of the Board, Ioo were effected otherwise while proceedings were pending, and in 59 cases the Board interposed when the parties preferred hostilities.
efforts of the board there was an increase in the frequency of appeal to arbitration, and settlements by compromise were often made. Afterwards the number of arbitrations by the board increased in number: from 1900 to 1908 (inclusive), of 568 controversies submitted to the board, 525 were settled by an award and 43 by an induced agreement. .In the same period the mediation of the Board settled disputes affecting 5560 establishments; and in the latter half of this period labour disputes involving hostilities and of the magnitude contemplatedby the statute governing the Board of Conciliation and Arbitration had almost disappeared.^ Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators .
  • Massachusetts - May 2007 OES State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: Reference]

.The laws relating to labour are full, but, as compared with those of other states, present few features calling for comment.^ Only then did he realize that Teresa was comparing herself to those other women, to Julie, and Irene.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ They didn’t talk very much after that, other than a few comments about the coffee and the dessert.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.3 In 1899 eight hours were made to constitute a day's work for all labourers employed by or for any city or town adopting the act at an annual election.^ When all are free, then we can look forward to that day when this city will be joined as one and this country and this great Continent of Europe in a peaceful and hopeful globe.

^ You all were very professional, easy to work with and you really made the night!

^ There is now construction workers there all day, and a uniformed Police officer (no more security) for 12 hour shifts.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Acts have been passed extending the common-law liability of employers, prohibiting the manufacture and sale of sweat-shop clothing, and authorizing cities and towns to provide free lectures and to maintain public baths, gymnasia and playgrounds. Boston has been a leader in the establishment of municipal baths. The state controls and largely maintains two beaches magnificently equipped near the city. .The Massachusetts railroad commission, though preceded in point of time by that of New Hampshire of 1844, was the real beginning of modern state commissions.^ The party itself was nothing to write home about, in particular my new slightly slow "friend" Bob, who I had to tell at some point that it was now really time for me to go wash my hair.

^ But then again not every state motto can be as dramatic as New Hampshire's which says "Live Free or Die" or as poetic as Massachusetts' "The Spirit of America".

.Its powers do not extend to direct and mandatory regulation, being supervisory and advisory only, but it can make recommendations at its discretion, appealing if necessary to the General Court; and it has had great influence and excellent results.^ Break Schedule: "Excellent" - "The only break that I remember was during dinner where they had great music playing...Other than that, they played the ENTIRE night!.

The Torrens system of land registration was adopted in 1898, and a court created for its administration. .In the case of all quasi-public corporations rigid laws exist prohibiting the issue of stock or bonds unless the par value is first paid in; prohibiting the declaration of any stock or scrip dividend, and requiring that new stock shall be offered to stockholders at not less than its market value, to be determined by the proper state officials, any shares not so subscribed for to be sold by public auction.^ Murdoch had offered each of his sons a one-third share of Lancer, not on the strength of the blood ties between them, but on the stated condition that they first help him hold onto the ranch.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Murdoch didn’t say anything about the less than warm welcome he had extended to his sons, nothing at all about how he’d actually felt that first day.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ He’d become more determined than ever to go after his first born, unite his family---- but how to break the news to Maria?
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

These laws are to prevent fictitious capitalization and " stock-watering." In the twenty years preceding 1880 60% of all sentences for crime were found traceable to liquor. In 1881 a local option law was passed, by which the granting of licences for the sale of liquor was confined to cities and towns voting at the annual election to authorize their issue. .In 1888 the number of licences to be granted in municipalities voting in favour of their issue was limited to one for each moo inhabitants, except in Boston, where one licence may be issued for every 500 inhabitants.^ On Saturday morning, I headed for Lynn Woods, about 11 miles north of Boston, and one of the largest municipal forests in the country.

^ Now, Scott, the girl, and every one around her—except for her mother, of course---everyone believes her father to be deceased, correct?” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The vote varies from year to year, and it is not unusual for a certain number of municipalities to change from " licence " to " no licence," and vice versa. The general result has been that centres of population, especially where the foreign element is large, usually vote for licence, while those in which native population predominates, as well as the smaller towns, usually vote for prohibition. Through a growing acquiescence in the operation of the local option law, the relative importance of the vote of the Prohibition Party has diminished. .Since 1895 indeterminate sentences have been imposed on all convicts sentenced to the state prison otherwise than for life or as habitual criminals; i.e. maximum and minimum terms are established by law and on the expiration of the latter a revocable permit of liberty may be issued.^ Releasing some of the household employees may be necessary,” Wade stated firmly, cutting George Hayford off in mid-sentence.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ But Teresa still felt she should have known better than to trust a convicted criminal who had made her a prisoner.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Then again, it could possibly have escaped Scott’s notice, since he had been the opposite, cheerful and more talkative than usual, his conversation uncharacteristically punctuated with references to his life in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Execution by electricity has been the death penalty since 1898. Stringent legislation controls prison labour.
The extension of state activity presents some surprising features in view of the strength of local self-sufficiency nurtured by the old system of township government. .But this form of pure democracy was in various cases long since inevitably abandoned: by Boston reluctantly in 1822, and subsequently by many other townships or cities, as growing population made action in town meeting unbearably cumbersome.^ Back then it was understandable that Scott hadn’t ever said anything about being captured, since he hadn’t been at the ranch very long, and they hadn’t known each other very well yet.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The walls were lined with shelves, many of them containing books, but others displaying various objects that Mr. Garrett had accumulated over the years.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The revelation of their final destination would inevitably lead to conversation about people and places in the city of Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

In modern times state activity has encroached on the cities. Especially has the commonwealth undertaken certain noteworthy enterprises as the agent of the several municipalities in the immediate vicinity of Boston, constituting what is known as the Metropolitan District; as, for example, in bringing water thither from the Nashua River at Clinton, 40 m. from .Boston, and in the development of a magnificent park system of woods, fells, river-banks and seashore, unrivalled elsewhere in the country.^ BlueJackalope 06-03-2008, 11:52 AM Out of curiosity, does Boston have a reputation as a well integrated city elsewhere in the country?
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lum 06-03-2008, 11:53 AM Out of curiosity, does Boston have a reputation as a well integrated city elsewhere in the country?
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AM Out of curiosity, does Boston have a reputation as a well integrated city elsewhere in the country?
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

The commonwealth joined the city of Boston in the construction of a subway beneath the most congested portion of the city for the passage of electric cars. For the better accommodation of the increasing commerce of the port of Boston, the commonwealth bought a considerable frontage upon the harbour lines and constructed a dock capable of receiving the largest vessels, and has supplemented the work of the United States government in deepening the approaches to the wharves. It has secured as public reservations the summit and sides of Greylock (3535 ft.) in the north-west corner of the state, and of Wachusett (2108 ft.) near the centre. .Since 1885 a large expenditure has been incurred in the abolition of grade For a summary statement of state labour laws in the United States in 1903 see Bulletin 54 of the United States Bureau of Labor, September 1904; and for a summary of labour laws in force at the end of 1907 see 22nd Annual Report (for 1907) of the U.S. Commissioner of Labor (Washington, 1908).^ Paxton - Moore State Park - People have reported seeing ghostly figures that supposedly committed suicide in the millhouse down from the millpond.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ West Stockbridge - Camp Kingsmont/Blueberry Hill - Campers and counselors have reported seeing apparitions walking across the large field late at night.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Division of Occupational Employment Statistics Suite 2135, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE Washington, DC 20212-0001 .
  • Massachusetts - May 2007 OES State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: Reference]

crossings of railways and highways,' and in .1894 the commonwealth began the construction and maintenance of state highways.2 Since 1885, in Boston, and since 1894, in Fall River, the administration of the city police departments, including the granting of liquor licences, has been in the hands of state commissioners (one commissioner in Boston, a board in Fall River) appointed by the governor.^ Waltham - Metropolitan State Hospital - REMOVED - November 24, 2006 Update : We have received the following email: The Massachusetts Department of Public Safety, Massachusetts Department of Public Safety Police Department, Massachusetts Environmental Conservation Police and Massachusetts State Police state: Recently in the past week, there has been severe vandalism to construction equipment and one suicide on the grounds.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott planned to let his father and brother know they were departing from Boston by sending a wire the day they boarded the westbound train.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ However it has one of the best views of the city of Boston and the surrounding Massachusetts Bay and its islands.

.But though in each case the result has been an improved administration, it has been generally conceded that only most exceptional circumstances can justify such interference with local self-government, and later attempts to extend the practice have failed.^ Most say that the clown "looks right at you" even though it is only a toy.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ With a few notable exceptions, Scott’s gifts from his grandfather had tended to be in a practical vein: books and clothing, useful items such as pens and writing paper.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Boom Chicago is an improv troupe - with some scripted skits but most of it improvised - with (in our case) enthusiastic cooperation from the audience.

The referendum has been sparingly used in matters of local concern. Beginning in 1892 various townships and cities, numbering 18 in 1903, adopted municipal ownership and operation of lighting works. .The gasworks have been notably more successful than the electric plants.^ It occupies 265 acres (107 hectares) of land and features an impressive collection of more than 7000 plant species, and a herbarium collection in excess of 5 million specimens.

.In Massachusetts, as in New England generally, the word " town " is used, officially and colloquially, to designate a township, and during the colonial era the New England town-meeting was a notable school for education in self-government.^ It still seemed strange to imagine that they were the same ones that twinkled down over the towns and forests of New England.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott had mentioned his meeting with the Pinkerton man before, during one of their drives into town together soon after he and Johnny had arrived.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The members of the first group of settlers in these colonies were mostly small farmers, belonged to the same church, and dwelt in a village for protection from the Indians. .They adapted to these conditions some of the methods for managing local affairs with which they had been familiar in England, and called the resultant institution a town.^ It still seemed strange to imagine that they were the same ones that twinkled down over the towns and forests of New England.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ These are professional artists and their abilities shone through by their performance and ability to adapt to some unusual requests (like the bride's father playing 2 songs).

^ I will stay in town for some nice local hikes, lots of reading and some initial packing for my trip next Friday to Europe.

The territorial extent of each town was determined by its grant or grants from the general court, which the towns served as agents in the management of land. .A settlement or " plantation " was sometimes incorporated first as a " district " and later as a town, the difference being that the latter had the right of corporate representation in the general court, while the former had no such right.^ Yet, when she’d checked on Scott a while later, his first question had been about Mr. Garrett, wanting to know if he was all right.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The towns elected (until 1856) the deputies to the general court, and were the administrative units for the assessment and collection of taxes, maintaining churches and schools, organizing and training the militia, preserving the peace, caring for the poor, building and repairing roads and bridges, and recording deeds, births, deaths and marriages; and to discuss questions relating to these matters as well as other matters of peculiarly local concern, to determine the amount of taxes for town purposes, and to elect officers.^ Scott pressed his lips together in annoyance as he realized that the packet might include yet more paperwork relating to the trust funds and other legal matters which he had just spent the last few days taking care of .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ They train visitors on low impact techniques and practices that assure that the fragile ecology of these islands will be preserved.

^ Eunice Williams, wife of the town's reverend who just hours before had given birth, was hacked to death in the river by an Indian.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.All the citizens were expected to attend the annual town-meeting, and such male inhabitants as were not citizens were privileged to attend and to propose and discuss measures, although they had no right to vote.^ He’d had no right to expect anything else.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ He’d realized that he would have been the one they’d expected to be on the stage, that it was Johnny who had been the surprise—to himself most of all.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Scott had discussed painful personal subjects with Will many times before, it seemed as if that was all he had been doing lately, engaging in difficult conversations with one person or another.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Generally several villages have grown up in the same " town," and some of the more populous " towns," usually those in which manufacturing has become more important than farming, have been incorporated as " cities "; thus either a town or a city may now include a farming country and various small villages.^ He may be more savy than some, but he's still cut of the same cloth.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Athol - Adams Cemetery - Now little more than an abandoned lot, this site was once known as the infamous Adams dumping ground.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ You go on upstairs and get dressed, now, and I’ll just stir up some oatmeal for breakfast.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Although the tendency in Massachusetts is towards chartering as cities " towns " which have a population of 12,000 or more, the democratic institution of the town-meeting persists in many large municipalities which are still technically towns.' .Most " towns " hold their annual meeting in March, but some hold them in February and others in April.^ I have been cruising from one meeting to another, most of it back and forth across town.

^ While Scott couldn’t recall everything they’d said to each other in that initial meeting, he was able to remember some of it in distinct and vivid detail.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ October 2004 November 2004 December 2004 January 2005 February 2005 March 2005 April 2005 May 2005 June 2005 .

.In the larger " towns " the officers elected at this meeting may consist of five, seven or nine selectmen, a clerk, a treasurer, three or more assessors, three or more overseers of the poor, one or more collectors of taxes, one or more auditors, one or more surveyors of highways, a road commissioner, a sewer commissioner, a board of health, one or more constables, two or more field drivers, two or more fence viewers, and a tree warden; but in the smaller " towns " the number of selectmen niay be limited to three, the selectmen may assess the taxes, be overseers of the poor, and act as a board of health, and the treasurer or constable may collect the taxes.^ I have been cruising from one meeting to another, most of it back and forth across town.

^ Look, Murdoch, you said yourself it’d be more’n two weeks travel just to be there for that one day.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott waited one more beat, ten more yards of road.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The term of all these officers may be limited to one year, or the ' selectmen, clerk, assessors and overseers of the poor may be elected for a term of three years, in which case a part only of the selectmen, assessors and overseers of the poor are elected each year.^ For quite a few years now, one couple would live in the house (a newer part of the house was added onto the old) and give tours.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The fifth floor, which is a small convent, is off limits to students and I have only been up there once in my three years here.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ I understand that a lot of the people here may feel this is an ignorant thought process but nearly all of these people will vote.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

The selectmen have the general management of a " town's " affairs during the interval between town-meetings. .They may call special town-meetings; they appoint election officers and may appoint additional constables or ' The usual allotment of the cost of this work is as follows: 65% isaid by the railwa y company, 25% by the commonwealth and 10% by the municipality in which the crossing is located.^ They retired a bit earlier than was usual, since they needed to meet the train promptly the next morning.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ An older couple I know that has followed the election closely and who are Hillary supporters are acting like they can't believe she lost.
  • Hillary takes a bow. [Archive] - Quarter To Three Forums 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC www.quartertothree.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once they’d moved beyond the work site, Scott called for the vehicle to halt.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

2 The cost was apportioned between the commonwealth and the local government in the proportion of 3 to I.
.3 Boston remained a township, governed by town-meetings, until 1822, when it had a population of some 47,000. The government of Brookline (pop.^ They spoke for quite some time about the town and its people, as well as the church, until he took up his rosary.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Hello All, Week 47 here in Boston, this time littered with movies and some other incidents of random madness.

in 1905, 2 3,43 6) is an interesting example of the adaptation of the township system to urban conditions. .The town is frequently referred to as a model residential suburb; its budgets are very large, its schools are excellent, and, among other things, it has established a township gymnasium.^ Scott himself was methodically removing things from the very large trunk that stood open on the floor beside the bed.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The town hall is not large enough for an assemblage of all the voters, but actually the attendance is usually limited to about Zoo, and since 1901 there has been in force a kind of referendum, under which any measure passed by a town-meeting attended by 700 or more voters may be referred, upon petition of loo legal voters, to a regular vote at the polls.^ Since one of her topics of study at the institute she’d attended in San Francisco had been music, Melissa knew something about the pieces played as well as the instrument itself.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ We just can't thank you enough - and our big regret is that we didn't get over to talk to you at all during the night (we were out there dancing!!!

^ We cannot thank you enough for playing all of the songs that we requested-- and more.

Much of the work of the town-meetings is done through special committees.
public officers, and such minor officials as inspectors of milk, inspectors of buildings, gauger of measures, cullers of staves and hoops, fish warden and forester. .A school committee consisting of any number of members divisible by three is chosen, one-third each year, at the annual town-meeting or at a special meeting which is held in the same month.^ I have been cruising from one meeting to another, most of it back and forth across town.

Any " town " having a village or district within its limits that contains moo inhabitants or more may authorize that village or district to establish a separate organization for lighting its streets, building and maintaining sidewalks, and employing a watchman or policeman, the officers of such organization to include at least a prudential committee and a clerk. .All laws relative to " towns " are applied to " cities " in so far as they are not inconsistent with general or special laws relative to the latter, and the powers of the selectmen are vested in the mayor and aldermen.^ They have been around for a quarter century and generally perform pieces from all periods of music history.

Education

.For cities of above 8000 inhabitants (for which alone comparative statistics are annually available), in 1902-1903 the ratio of average attendance to school enrolment, the average number of days' attendance of each pupil enrolled, and the value of school property per capita of pupils in average attendance were higher than in any other state; the average length of the school term was slightly exceeded in eight states; and the total cost of the schools per capita of pupils in average attendance ($39.05) was exceeded in six other states.^ Belchertown - State School - the state school used to be a mental institution that often had very unfair and cruel treatment to it's inhabitants.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Wed to a professor, Aunt Cee had always been a strong proponent of education and had offered to enroll Teresa in school in Boston if she remained in the city over the winter.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Other than an annual accounting, Scott had a very short list of areas in which he would expect to be consulted, being content for the time being to leave the day to day operations in Wade Garrett’s hands.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

In 1 9 051906 the percentage of average attendance in the public schools to the number of children (between 5 and 15 years) in the state was 80; in Barnstable county it was 95, and in Plymouth 92; and the lowest rate of any county was 68, that of Bristol. .In the same year the amount of the various school taxes and other contributions was $30.53 for each child in the average membership of the public schools, and the highest amount for each child in any county was $35.77 in Suffolk county, and in any township or city $68 01 - in Lincoln.^ Staring at the framed image in his hand, he remembered this same serious child’s face gazing up at him, so many years ago, remembered shaking that small hand.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The walls were lined with shelves, many of them containing books, but others displaying various objects that Mr. Garrett had accumulated over the years.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The school system is not one of marked state centralization - as contrasted, e.g. with New York.^ Then, last night, they had dined with the Miss Harringtons, two middle-aged sisters from New York state, Miss Virginia and Miss Louisa.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ And a short one too, as I am heading to New York City tomorrow to meet up with my friend Lisa Miller for a fun-filled weekend.

^ If I recall correctly,” he said slowly, “she moved to New York State, after the War.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

A state board of education has general control, its secretary acting as superintendent of the state system in conjunction with local superintendents and committees. .Women are eligible for these positions, and among the teachers in the schools they are greatly in excess over men (more than 10 to 1), especially in lower grades.^ It occupies 265 acres (107 hectares) of land and features an impressive collection of more than 7000 plant species, and a herbarium collection in excess of 5 million specimens.

^ He’d known of more than a few men who’d succumbed to it, among those who had returned from the battlefields of the “Rebellion.” Or from its prisons.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ But since their departure from Boston, they’d managed little more than a few chaste kisses and her insecurities ---and frustrations---were returning .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

No recognition exists in the schools of race, colour or religion. The proportion of the child population that attends schools is equalled, in but two or three states east of the Mississippi river. .The services of Horace Mann as secretary of the state board (1837-1848) were productive of almost revolutionary benefits not only to Massachusetts but to the entire country.^ Framingham - Framingham State College Horace - Mann Hall - A building called Normal Hall stood on the grounds of Horace Mann, but burned down a century ago.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

His reforms, which reached every part of the school system, were fortunately introduced just at the beginning of railway and city growth. Since 1850 truant and compulsory attendance laws (the first compulsory education law was passed in 1642) have been enforced in conjunction with laws against child labour. .In 1900 the average period of schooling per inhabitant for the United States was 4.3 years, for Massachusetts 7 years.^ Belchertown - State School - the state school used to be a mental institution that often had very unfair and cruel treatment to it's inhabitants.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

(The same year the ratio of wealth productivity was as 66 to 37.) Massachusetts stands " foremost in the Union in the universality of its provision for secondary education." 4 The laws practically offer such education free to every child of the commonwealth. .Illiterate persons not less than ten years of age constituted in 1900 5.9% of the population; and o 8, 14.6, 10 7% respectively of native whites, foreign-born whites and negroes.^ Just as Grandfather had never told him very much about the fire that had, less than a year ago, decimated much of Boston’s commercial district.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.More patents are issued, relatively, to citizens of Massachusetts than to those of any other state except Connecticut.^ A black person is much more likely to commit a crime against another black than any other race.
  • Black Entertainment Television [Archive] - The Superhero Hype! Boards 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC forums.superherohype.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Post office statistics indicate a similarly high average of intelligence.
The public school system includes common, high and normal schools, and various evening, industrial and truant schools. Many townships and cities maintain free evening schools. .In 1894 manual training was made a part of the curriculum in all municipalities having 20,000 inhabitants.^ Somerville is a very nice part of the Boston municipal area - home of my favorite Boston pub, The Burren, all very neighborhoody, great restaurants.

^ That simple expression of gratitude made it all worthwhile, all of it--- the uncomfortable night in the buckboard, the tedious week on the train.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.There are also many private business colleges, academic schools and college-preparatory schools.^ There had been many enthusiastic discussions of negotiations and business contracts, as well as relaxed exchanges about every day affairs.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The high schools enjoy an exceptional reputation. An unusual proportion of teachers in the public schools are graduates of the state normal schools, of which the first were founded in 1839 at Lexington and Barre, the former being the first normal school of the United E. G. Brown, in Monographs on Education in the United States prepared for the Paris Exposition of 1900 and edited by N. M. Butler.
States. .1 These two schools were removed subsequently to Framingham (1853) and Westfield (1844), where they are still active; while others flourish at Bridgewater (1840), Salem (1854), Worcester (1874), Fitchburg (1895), North Adams (1897), Hyannis (1897) and Lowell (1897), that at Framingham being open to women only.^ Only then did he realize that Teresa was comparing herself to those other women, to Julie, and Irene.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Fallen leaves stirred across the still green grass of the Common as they rolled by, tumbling, then resting, before being swirled upwards again.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ North Adams - The Hoosac Tunnel - warning - The tunnel is very active - not recommend the 4-mile trip, trains do come through.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.There is also a state normal art school at Boston (1873) for both sexes.^ Plymouth - Dever State School - February 2007 Correction: Formerly listed as Myles Standish State Forest - There are several reported hauntings in the state forest in Plymouth.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Later, both Johnny and Teresa had asked questions about Boston, about his friends and family, about his life there.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ There's also a Boston Latin School and a Boston Latin Academy.

The commonwealth contributes to the support of textile schools in cities in which 450,000 spindles are in operation. .Such schools exist (1909) in Lowell, Fall River and New Bedford.^ New Bedford - J.A. Parker School - After School hours, students and staff have seen the front upstairs doors shake.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ New Bedford - New Bedford High School - Built in the 1970's the high school has been home to a few deaths.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Turners Falls - Old Shefield - A man was burnt alive in the school and haunts the new foundation.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The commonwealth also maintains aboard a national ship a nautical training school (1891) for instruction in the science and practice of navigation. During the Spanish-American War of 1898 more than half of the graduates and cadets of the school enlisted in the United States service.
.There are several hundred private schools, whose pupils constituted in1905-190615.7% of the total school-enrolment of the state.^ Plymouth - Dever State School - February 2007 Correction: Formerly listed as Myles Standish State Forest - There are several reported hauntings in the state forest in Plymouth.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.Of higher academies and college-preparatory schools there are scores.^ There's also a Boston Latin School and a Boston Latin Academy.

.Among those for boys Phillips Academy, at Andover, the Groton school, and the Mount Hermon school are well-known examples.^ This is a well known story in this school and most people avoid that elevator at all costs.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Northfield - Northfield Mount Hermon School - A student committed suicide and still haunts his room in the overtoun dorm.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

For girls the largest school is the Northfield Seminary at East Northfield. .In Boston and in the towns in its environs are various famous schools, among them the boys' classical school in Boston, founded in 1635, one of the oldest secondary schools in the country.^ On Saturday morning, I headed for Lynn Woods, about 11 miles north of Boston, and one of the largest municipal forests in the country.

The leading educational institution of the state, as it is the oldest and most famous of the country, is Harvard University (founded 1636) at Cambridge. In the extreme north-west of the state, at Williamstown, is Williams College (1793), and in the Connecticut Valley is Amherst College (1821), both of these unsectarian. .Boston University (Methodist Episcopal, 1867); Tufts College (1852), a few miles from Boston in Medford, originally a Universalist school; Clark University (1889, devoted wholly to graduate instruction until 1902, when Clark College was added), at Worcester, are important institutions.^ Boston - Charlesgate - Originally a hotel of ill repute, then a dorm for Emerson College, is currently selling condos.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The week does end on a high note - my first 5-mile test run in the evening (no collapse) - MGH to the Boston University Bridge and back.

Two Roman Catholic schools are maintained - Boston College (1863) and the College of the Holy Cross (1843), at Worcester. .Of various institutions for the education of women, Mount Holyoke (1837) at South Hadley, Smith College (1875) at Northampton, Wellesley College (1875) at Wellesley near Boston, Radcliffe College (1879) in connexion with Harvard at Cambridge and Simmons College (1899) at Boston, are of national repute.^ South Hadley - Mount Holyoke College - In 16c gothic church, the oldest in western Massachusetts, the organ plays of it's own accord from time to time, and the apparition of a young girl walking in circles was seen by the headmistress, who soon after retired.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Their public strolls past the Boston shops, and through the grounds of Harvard College, had been pleasurable as well, connected as they were, with her arm tucked through his.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Boston - Charlesgate - Originally a hotel of ill repute, then a dorm for Emerson College, is currently selling condos.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The last emphasizes scientific instruction in domestic economy.
.For agricultural students the state supports a school at Amherst (1867), and Harvard University the Bussey Institution.^ Belchertown - State School - the state school used to be a mental institution that often had very unfair and cruel treatment to it's inhabitants.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

In technological science special instruction is given - in addition to the scientific departments of the schools already mentioned - in the Worcester Polytechnic Institute (1865), and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (opened in 1865). .There are schools, of theology at Cambridge (Protestant Episcopal), Newton (Baptist) and Waltham (New Church), as well as in connexion with Boston University (Methodist), Tufts College (Universalist) and Harvard (non-sectarian, and the affiliated Congregational Andover Theological Seminary at Cambridge).^ The Arboretum was established in 1872, when James Arnold, a whaling merchant from New Bedford, Mass, willed some of his estate to Harvard College.

^ Also there was a report of UFOs over the school it was even in the local news paper there was a photo of the UFOs.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Saturday night, I volunteered (yes, again with Boston Cares) at an event in Cambridge, where Musica Sacra (http://www.musicasacra.org/) performed a "Choral Bestiary" at the First Church Congregational at the Cambridge Common.

Law and medical schools are maintained in Boston and Harvard universities.
Public Institutions. - .Massachusetts was in 1903, in proportion to the population, more richly provided with public collections of books than any other state: in that year she had nearly a seventh of all books in public, society and school libraries in the country, and a much larger supply of books per capita (2 56) than any other state.^ It had been more than twenty-five years .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It occupies 265 acres (107 hectares) of land and features an impressive collection of more than 7000 plant species, and a herbarium collection in excess of 5 million specimens.

^ They didn’t talk very much after that, other than a few comments about the coffee and the dessert.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The rate for New York, the only state having a larger number of books in such libraries, being only 1.19. The Boston public library, exceeded in size in the United States by the library of Congress at Washington - and probably first, because of the large number of duplicates in the library of Congress - and the largest free municipal library in the world; the library of Harvard, extremely well chosen and valuable for research; the collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society (1791); the Boston Athenaeum (1807); the State Library (1826); the New England Historic Genealogical Society (1845); the Congregational Library; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1780); and the Boston Society of Natural History (1830), all in Boston, leave it easily unrivalled, unless by Washington, as the best research centre of the country.^ It embraced an amazing array of influences, from Greek mythology, Egyptian and Asian art, and it had its most visible manifestation in the 1930s-era skyscrapers such as New York's Empire State Building and Chrysler Building.

^ Somerville is a very nice part of the Boston municipal area - home of my favorite Boston pub, The Burren, all very neighborhoody, great restaurants.

^ Marblehead - Olde Burial Hill - Haunted by willmot Redd the first and only witch during The Salem Witch Trials in 1692 She was hung with 19 others.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The collections of the American Antiquarian Society (1812) at Worcester are also notable. .Massachusetts led, about 1850, in the founding of town and city libraries supported by public taxes, and by 1880 had established more of such institutions than existed in all other states combined.^ All of a sudden, lolling and dragging did not seem like such a good idea any more.

^ I am back in town - returned from the Sunshine State, and the city of Boston welcomed us at the airport with a scorching 45 degrees!!

^ Salem - Salem State College - Bowditch Hall Room 222 - Known for the ghosts of all three roommates that were found murdered there in the 70's.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

In 1900 out of 353 towns and cities 1 This is an especially honourable distinction, for William T. Harris has said that " The history of education since the time of Horace Mann is very largely an account of the successive modifications introduced into elementary schools through the direct or indirect influence of the normal school." only five, representing less than half of i %, were without free library facilities, and three of these five had association libraries charging only a small fee.
.The state is very well supplied with charitable and reformatory institutions, in which noteworthy methods have been employed with success.^ Belchertown - State School - the state school used to be a mental institution that often had very unfair and cruel treatment to it's inhabitants.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The state institutions, each governed by a board of trustees, and all under the supervision of the state board of charity, include a state hospital at Tewksbury, for paupers (1866); a state farm at Bridgewater (1887) for paupers and petty criminals; the Lyman school for boys at Westboro, a reformatory for male criminals under fifteen years of age sentenced to imprisonment for terms less than life in connexion with which a very successful farm is maintained for the younger boys at Berlin; an industrial school for girls at Lancaster, also a reformatory school - a third reformatory school for boys was planned in 1909; a state sanatorium at Rutland for tuberculous patients (the first public hospital for such in the United States) and a hospital school at Canton for the care and instruction of crippled and deformed children.^ My father.”> > Those words evoked very different feelings now than they had only a few years before.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ As boys, Scott, Will and John had been practically inseparable, but there had been enough years between them that George had held himself aloof from the activities of his younger siblings and their friends.
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^ Just as Grandfather had never told him very much about the fire that had, less than a year ago, decimated much of Boston’s commercial district.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Three more hospitals for consumptives were planned in 1909. Under the supervision of the state board of insanity, and each under the government of a board of seven trustees (of whom two are women) are state hospitals for the insane at Worcester (1833), Taunton, Northampton, Danvers, Westboro and Medford, a state colony for the insane at Gardner, a state hospital for epileptics at Palmer, a state school for the feebleminded at Waltham (governed by six trustees), a state school at Wrentham, state " hospital cottages for children " (1882) at Baldwinville (governed by five trustees), and the Foxboro state hospital for dipsomaniacs and insane.^ Taunton - The woods behind Taunton State Hospital - At night through out the woods you can hear moaning, soft screaming and sometimes banging.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ January 2007 Update - Danvers State Mental Hospital: Most buildings have been demolished for the building of condominiums.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Danvers - Danvers Mental State Hospital - The old buildings lay on top of a high hillside.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.There are also semi-state institutions for the insane at Waverley, Barre, Wrentham and Baldwinville, and nineteen small private institutions, all under the supervision of the state board of insanity.^ Worcester - The Old Worcester State Hospital - Has blood stains on the walls and now remains all boarded up.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The people who used to live there erected the state in memory of their little girl who fell from the small cliff behind the house and drowned in the outlet.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Salem - Salem State College - Bowditch Hall Room 222 - Known for the ghosts of all three roommates that were found murdered there in the 70's.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Under the supervision of a board of prison commissioners, which appoints the superintendent and warden of each, are a reformatory prison for women at Sherborn (1877), a state reformatory for men at Concord (1884), a state prison at Boston (Charlestown), and a prison camp and hospital at Rutland (1905). There is a prison department at the state farm which receives misdemeanants. .Other institutions receiving state aid, each governed by trustees appointed by the governor, are the Massachusetts general hospital at Boston, the Massachusetts charitable eye and ear infirmary at Boston, the Massachusetts homoeopathic hospital at Boston, the Perkins Institution and Massachusetts school for the blind at South Boston and the soldiers' home in Massachusetts at Boston.^ Belchertown - State School - the state school used to be a mental institution that often had very unfair and cruel treatment to it's inhabitants.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Horace Mann school in Boston, a public day school for the deaf, the New England industrial school for deaf mutes at Beverly and the Clarke school for the deaf at Northampton are maintained in part by the state.^ While fully open to the public 24 hours a day, the cemetery is in a wretched state.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A published historian, Nell had led the fight to successfully integrate the performance halls and public schools of Boston and continued to spearhead the efforts to achieve racial equality.
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^ Grandfather had waited a few days after Scott’s arrival in Boston before finally relaying the sad news, then the two of them had made the journey to Brunswick together.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Finally, many private charitable corporations (about 500 in 1905) report to the state board of charity, and town and city almshouses (205 in 1904) are subject to visitation.^ Attleboro - Bristol Nursing Home - Many People Have reported seeing small persons or children darting about.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ She’d never conceived of talk about “crossing lines,” never imagined private moments in enclosed carriages rolling through city streets.
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^ Beacon Hill” that’s what Scott had called it, an area of beautiful homes within the city of Boston larger than many of the towns she’d been in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The Perkins Institution is memorable for its association with the fame of S. G. Howe (q.v.), whose reforms in charity methods were felt through all the charitable interests of the state. The net yearly cost of support and relief from 1884 to 1904 averaged $2,136,653, exclusive of vagrancy cases (average $31,714). The whole number of paupers, besides vagrants, in 1908 was 23.02 per moo of state population, and the cost of relief ($5,104,2J5) was $1.699 for each inhabitant of the state. The number of sane paupers declined steadily and markedly from 1863 to 1904.

Finance

.Massachusetts is a very rich state, and Boston a very wealthy city.^ However it has one of the best views of the city of Boston and the surrounding Massachusetts Bay and its islands.

^ Not the prettiest of them by any means - in particular as it features the very futuristically designed Sewage Treatment Plant for the city of Boston (as my Roger noted "This is where it all ends!"

^ I am back in town - returned from the Sunshine State, and the city of Boston welcomed us at the airport with a scorching 45 degrees!!

.The debt of the state (especially the contingent debt, secured by sinking funds) has been steadily rising since 1888, and especially since 1896, chiefly owing to the erection of important public buildings, the construction of state highways and metropolitan park roadways, the improvement of Boston harbour, the abolition of grade crossings on railways, and the expenses incurred for the Spanish-American War of 1898.^ And finally the mystery was solved, partially at least, as to the role that Jim Harper had played, the debt that Murdoch had owed to that self-important little man.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The net direct funded debt (also secured by accumulating sinking funds) in December 1908 was $17,669,372 (3.61 millions in 1893). The average interest on this and the contingent debt ($60,428,223 in December 1908) combined was only 3.35%. .The net debts of towns and cities rose in the years1885-1908from $63,306,213 to $ 16 3,55 8 ,3 2 5. The count y debts in 1908 aggregated $6,076,867. The assessed valuation of realty in the state in 1908 was $2,799,062,707 and of personalty $1,775,073,438. No other state has given so vigorous a test of the ordinary American general-property tax, and the results have been as discouraging as elsewhere.^ I am back in town - returned from the Sunshine State, and the city of Boston welcomed us at the airport with a scorching 45 degrees!!

The " dooming " process (i.e. estimation by assessors, without relief for overvaluation except for excess more than 50% above the proper valuation) was introduced in 1868 as a method of securing returns of personalty. But the most rigorous application of the doomage law has only proved its complete futility as an effort to reach unascertained corporate and personal property.' Various special 2 In 1869 the personalty valuation was 60% that of realty; but it steadily fell thereafter, amounting in 1893 to 32%. .From 1874 - methods are used for the taxation of banks, insurance companies, railways, tramways, trust companies and corporations, some of them noteworthy.^ Maybe you can use some of those big city accountin’ methods.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

In the case of corporations realty and machinery are taxed generally by the local authorities, and stock values by the commonwealth. The Boston stock exchange is the second of the country in the extent of the securities in which it deals. The proportion of holders of U.S. bonds among the total population is higher than that in any other state.

History

It is possible that the coasts of Massachusetts were visited by the Northmen, and by the earliest navigators who followed Cabot, but this is only conjecture. .In 1602 Bartholomew Gosnold landed at and named Cape Cod and coasted as far south as the present No-Man's Land, which he named Martin's or Martha's Vineyard, a name later transferred to a neighbouring larger island.^ Here is some more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bridgewater_Triangle Brockton - Cape Cod Cafe - Sounds of a baby crying when no children are present in the restaurant.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott had tried to recall being presented to a very tall man named Murdoch.
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^ Also if you are on stage, look up, and to the right, you can see the name "Fred" spray painted far away from the cat walk where no one can reach.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

Pring and Champlain at a later date coasted along what is now Massachusetts, but the map of Champlain is hardly recognizable. The first sufficient explorations for cartographical record were made by John Smith in 1614, and his map was long the basis - particularly in its nomenclature - of later maps. .Permanency of occupation, however, dates from the voyage of the " Mayflower," which brought about a hundred men, women and children who had mostly belonged to an English sect of Separatists, originating in Yorkshire, but who had passed a period of exile for religion's sake in Holland.^ As was customary, the men and women separated following the meal, and it was Teresa’s turn to answer Mrs. Smith’s questions about ranch life.
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^ The men and women who are serving here tonight are employees on loan by some of our friends and neighbors, so that our own staff could share the meal.” .
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^ Lots of the men who work on the ranch are Mexican so most of us speak both English and Spanish.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In the early winter of 1620 they made the coast of Cape Cod; they had intended to make their landing farther south, within the jurisdiction of the Virginia Company, which had granted them a patent; but stress of weather prevented their doing so.^ It made that sound that light bulbs make when they blow up, and I though to myself "This cannot be good".

^ They were originally built to make traversing rivers safe during the harsh and icy winters in the Northeast.

^ In addition, gale-force winds started blowing -which was an extraordinary sight, in particular along Cape Cod, where they had hurricane wind warnings.

.Finding themselves without warrant in a region beyond their patent, and threatened with the desertion of disaffected members of their company (probably all servants or men of the " lesser " sort) unless concessions were made to these, they drew up and signed before landing a democratic compact of government which is accounted the earliest written constitution in history.'^ One thing that the two of them had in common was that they had each grown up without their mothers.
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^ It made that sound that light bulbs make when they blow up, and I though to myself "This cannot be good".

^ Scott found that as they drew nearer to Boston, he was becoming more preoccupied with memories of growing up on Beacon Hill.
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.After some exploration of the coast they made a permanent landing on the 21st of December 1620 (N.S.) at Plymouth, a harbour which had already been so named by John Smith in his maps of 1614 and 1616. During the first winter nearly onehalf their number died from exposure, and the relations of the survivors with their partners of the London Company, who had insisted that for seven years the plantation should be managed as a joint stock company, were unsatisfactory.^ Best decision that we made about the wedding, and I would recommend them to EVERYONE! we knew they were going to be awesome, but they completely surpassed our already high expectations!

^ It is said that some have died from massive heart attacks when they were over come with fear.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It was Harlan who convinced her that she should raise the child, insisted that he would provide the means to do so.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.However, about thirty-five new colonists arrived in 1622 and ninety-six more in 1623. The abandonment of the communal system was begun in the latter year, and with the dissolution of the partnership with the adventurers of the London Company in 1627 Plymouth became a corporate colony with its chief authority vested in the whole body of freemen convened in the General Court.^ He must have been about five or six; a pair of serious eyes stared back at her from under a thick fringe of pale hair.
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^ After falsely assuming folks would work on the 31st and being somewhat confused about a pretty much abandoned hospital, I headed home and got ready for the New Year's Eve festivities.

^ Ever since they’d arrived, Mrs. Holmes had been most considerate about explaining things that she thought might be new or unfamiliar; it made it easy to ask her questions.
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.Upon the death of the first governor, John Carver, in the spring of 1621, the General Court chose William Bradford as his successor, and with him was chosen one assistant.^ His aunt leaned upon the arm of the blue wing chair, fingering the jet brooch pinned to her bodice with one hand and looking up at him with concern.
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^ She handed it to him and he helped her with it, first one sleeve then the other.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Do I have a brother?” would surely have been one of the first questions directed to his father, if the answer hadn’t crowded in next to him on the stage to Morro Coyo.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The subsequent elections were annual, and within a few years the number of assistants was increased to seven. The General Court was the legislature and the electorate; the governor and assistants were the executive and the judiciary. .The whole body of freemen composed the General Court until other towns than Plymouth had been organized, the first of which were Scituate in 1636 and Duxbury in 1637, and then the representative form of government was adopted and there was a gradual differentiation between Plymouth the town and Plymouth the 1882 the assessment of realty increased nearly twelve times as much as personalty.^ Scott smiled his thanks, realizing guiltily that he must have told her more than a few times how much he disliked traveling by stage.
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^ It dangled there awkwardly between them, until he pulled it up and across his chest, folding the right arm over it with the empty wineglass still clasped in his hand.
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^ They didn’t talk very much after that, other than a few comments about the coffee and the dessert.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In the intervening period the assessed valuation of realty in Boston increased more than 100%, while that of personalty slightly diminished (the corresponding figures for the entire United States from 1860 to 1890 being 172% and 12%), yet the most competent business and expert opinions regarded the true value of personalty as at least equal to and most likely twice as great as that of realty.^ Other than following through on George’s recommendations regarding a will, he’d essentially decided to do nothing for now, telling himself that he’d have another opportunity when he returned to Boston in the spring.
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^ The day had been crisp, more fall-like than the previous ones, and so the evening air was considerably cooler as well.
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^ With each passing hour, this train carried him further away from Boston and Scott, further away from a young man he had come to love more than he could have imagined.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

1 In this document, whose democracy is characteristic of differences between the Plymouth Colony and that of Massachusetts Bay, the signatories " solemnly and mutually ... covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil body politic, for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute and frame - [laws] - unto which we promise all due submission and obedience." This was signed 11/2 of November 1620 by 41 persons.
colony. When it had become known that the colony was within the territory of the New England Council, John Pierce, in 1621, procured from that body a grant which made the colonists its tenants. .A year later Pierce surrendered this and procured another, which in effect made him proprietor of the colony, but he was twice shipwrecked and was forced to assign to the adventurers his second patent.^ It was another betrayal, and unlike Grandfather’s attempt to use Julie to lure him back to Boston, or to force his return by threatening him with the Degans, this action had never been revealed.
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^ Scott had come up with his own answer to the one inquiry he had made, calling Murdoch by his given name, or, later, addressing him with polite formality, as “Sir.” .
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^ LCA still maintains the Smoot-markings on the bridge, forcing their pledges to re-paint them twice a year....The length of the bridge is officially 364.4 smoots plus one ear.

In 1629 Governor Bradford procured from the same council a definite grant of the tract which corresponds to the south-eastern portion of the present state. But all attempts to procure a royal charter for Plymouth Colony were unsuccessful, and in 1691 it was annexed to the Colony of Massachusetts Bay under what is termed the Provincial Charter.
King James having by patent in 1620 created a Council for New England to whom he made a large grant of territory, the council in 1628 made a sub-grant, confirmed by a royal charter that passed the seals on the 4th of March 1629, to the "Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in Newe England." There had been various minor expeditions during the few years since Smith was on the coast before this company, in the Puritan interests, had sent over John Endecott with a party in 1628 to what is now Salem. .In 1630 the government of the company, with questionable right (for the charter seems evidently to have contemplated the residence of the company in England), transferred itself to their territory, and under the leadership of John Winthrop laid the foundations anew of the Massachusetts colony, when they first settled Boston in the autumn of that year.^ They were seated in the first row, the four of them; Murdoch had Teresa on his left and Mrs. Holmes on his right.
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^ Yet, when she’d checked on Scott a while later, his first question had been about Mr. Garrett, wanting to know if he was all right.
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^ Now widowed, Cecilia Holmes continued to spend time at her Maine residence during the summer months, but the rest of the year resided with her brother in Boston.
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.Winthrop served repeatedly, though not continuously, as governor of the colony till his death in 1649, his rejection in 1636 being due to a party of theological revolt which chose Henry Vane (afterwards Sir Henry) to the office.^ Meet some nice folks though - plans for a slumber party with the "cooltime gang" (don't ask) are being hatched.

.This was an incident in a famous episode, important rather as a symptom than in itself, namely, the Antinomian controversy, " New England's earliest protest against formulas," in which Vane and Ann Hutchinson took the lead in criticizing the official orthodoxy of the colony.^ Then, rather than looking at Johnny, he’d lowered his gaze and in that moment Johnny knew that his brother was going to say something pretty important.
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^ I’m sure you have more important things to do than take me shopping.” Truthfully, she’d rather Scott took care of those other things if it meant that he might be on the westbound train at the end of the week.
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^ Except that Murdoch referred to her as “your mother” rather than by her name.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The magistrates successfully asserted themselves to the discomfiture of their critics (Ann Hutchinson being banished), and this was characteristic of the colony's early history. The charter gave the company control over the admission of " freemen " (co-partners in the enterprise, and voters), " full and absolute power and authority to correct, punish and rule " subjects settling in the territory comprised in their grant, and power to " resist. .. by all fitting ways and means whatever " all persons attempting the " destruction, invasion, detriment or annoyance " of the plantation. .Some writers deny the company's right under this instrument to rule as they proceeded to do; but at any rate what they did was to make the suffrage dependent on stringent religious tests, and to repress with determined zeal all theological " vagaries " and " whimsies."^ Thank you so much for all you did from start to finish to make our wedding such a great celebration.

^ Determined to do the right thing, he had come to reluctantly accept Aunt Cecilia’s view that, under the present circumstance, his duty was to do .
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^ Dozens of guests came up to me to tell me how much they loved you all....all the songs were consistently first rate.

Criticism of church or magistrates was not tolerated. Laws were modelled closely on the Bible. The clergy were a ruling class. The government was frankly theocratic. Said Winthrop (1637): " We see not that any should have authority to set up any other exercises besides what authority bath already set up "; and a synod at Cambridge in 1637 catalogued eighty-two " opinions, some blasphemous, others erroneous and all unsafe," besides nine " unwholesome expressions," all of which were consigned " to the devil of hell from whence they came." Another synod at Cambridge in 1647 more formally established the principle of state control. The legislation against Baptists (about 1644-1678) and the persecution of the Quakers (especially 1656-1662) partook of the brutality of the time, including scourging, boring of tongues, cutting of ears and in rare cases capital punishment. .It cannot be denied that men like Roger Williams and some of the persecuted Quakers, though undeniably contentious and aggressive in their conscientious dissent, showed a spirit which to-day seems sweeter in tolerance and humanity than that of the Puritans.^ You can find some excellent bargains there, especially if you show up a little later in the day, where they practically throw the stuff at you.

^ The award of the day and my personal favorite though went to catbriar, a shrub with thorns and tendrils, that seemed to have provided inspiration for the invention of barbed wire!

^ He always escorted his partner back to her place too, rather than uttering a quick thank you when the music ended and abandoning her in the middle of the floor, the way some of the local men liked to do.
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And it seems necessary to emphasize these facts because until about 1870 it was almost unchallenged tradition to regard the men of Massachusetts Bay as seekers and champions of " religious liberty." .They left England, indeed, for liberty to discard the " poperies " of the English Church, and once in Massachusetts they even discarded far more than those " poperies."^ Athol - Adams Cemetery - Now little more than an abandoned lot, this site was once known as the infamous Adams dumping ground.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ My father.”> > Those words evoked very different feelings now than they had only a few years before.
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^ There was so much more he intended to say, once they were alone.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.But religious liberty in our modern sense they did not seek for themselves, nor accord to others; they abhorred it, they trampled on it, and their own lives they subjected to all the rigid restrictions to which they subjected others.^ Naturally our guest all remarked that the band was outstanding, but what else could they say.

^ They did such a wonderful job at our daughter's wedding.

^ We had the time of our lives and all of our guests are still talking about how amazing Beantown was.

.They were narrow but strong; no better example can be imagined of what the French call " the defects of one's qualities."^ However, they were way better than I could have imagined .

^ Considered one of the premier choruses of New England they performed a magnificent selection of French and American Christmas songs titled "Joyeux Noel".

.Their failures were small compared with those of their contemporaries in England and elsewhere in Europe, and public opinion did not long sustain violent persecution of opinion.^ Only then did he realize that Teresa was comparing herself to those other women, to Julie, and Irene.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.More than once mobs freed Quaker prisoners.^ Athol - Adams Cemetery - Now little more than an abandoned lot, this site was once known as the infamous Adams dumping ground.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, Scott had hinted more than once that he thought Teresa was particularly fond of Johnny.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ That included Marie-Flore, though paradoxically, Scott had been tempted more than once to tell Teresa about Marie Christine.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Also it is to be said that with the single exception of religious toleration the record of the state in devotion to human rights has been from the first a splendid one, whether in human principles of criminal law, or in the defence of the civil rights commonly declared in American constitutions.^ He’d said that first thing, to the two of them, standing right there in the Great Room.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ That was one of the first things that he’d said to Harlan, when Scott’s grandfather had finally shown up here at the ranch.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

It was once generally assumed that the repression practised attained its end of securing harmony of opinion. The fact seems to be that intellectual speculation was as strong in America as in Puritan England; the assumption that the inhibition of its expression was good seems wholly gratuitous, and contrary to general convictions underlying modern freedom of speech. A safer opinion is probably that " the spiritual growth of Massachusetts withered under the shadow of dominant orthodoxy; the colony was only saved from mental atrophy by its vigorous political life " (J. A. Doyle). In literature the second half of the 17th century is a sterile waste of forbidding theology; and its life, judged by the present day, singularly sombre.
In addition to the few persons banished to Rhode Island, theological and political differences led many to emigrate thither. .Others, discontented with Massachusetts autocracy and wishing, too, " to secure more room," went to Connecticut (q.v.^ Teresa sighed and wished once more that the other passengers might simply disappear.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

) where they established a bulwark against the Dutch of New York.
A witchcraft scare (at its worst in 1691-1697, though the earliest Connecticut case was in1646-1647and the earliest in Boston in 1648) led to another tragedy of ignorance. .In all thirty-two persons were executed (according to W. F. Poole, about a thousandth part of those executed for witchcraft in the British Isles in the 16th and 17th centuries).^ Johnny thought about Scott’s response to that question, all those other things Scott had told him about Garrett’s side of the story.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Dios, they were going to have to talk about something when they were left alone all that time, just the two of them.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Salem was the scene of the greatest excitement in 1691-1692.
Exceptionally honourable to the early colonists was their devotion to education (see Harvard University and Boston). .Massachusetts Bay had a large learned element; it is supposed that about 1640 there was an Oxford or Cambridge graduate to every 250 persons in the colony.^ There had been many enthusiastic discussions of negotiations and business contracts, as well as relaxed exchanges about every day affairs.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Neighbors say that every person who has ever lived there has complained of the same thing.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

The earliest printing in the British-American colonies was done at Cambridge in 1639; it was not until 1674 that the authorities of the colony permitted printing, except at Cambridge. Boston and Cambridge remain leading publishing centres to-day. .The first regular newspaper of Boston, the Boston Newsletter, was the pioneer of the American newspaper press.^ The first post rider hustled from NY to Boston on January 22nd, 1673 and thus established the first major overland route in the American colonies.

^ The walking tour leads you through what used to be called the North Slope of Beacon Hill - the site of the first African-American Neighborhood in Boston.

.The early history was rendered unquiet at times by wars with the Indians, the chief of which were the Pequot War in 1637, and King Philip's War in 16 75-7 6; and for better combining against these enemies, Massachusetts, with Connecticut, New Haven and New Plymouth, formed a confederacy in 1643, considered the prototype of the larger union of the colonies which conducted the War of American Independence (1 7758 3).^ It was used by Indians in the King Philip's war as a campsite.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ He’d briefly considered leaving straightaway, alone, bringing Scott back in time to welcome his new brother or sister.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Considered one of the premier choruses of New England they performed a magnificent selection of French and American Christmas songs titled "Joyeux Noel".

The struggle with the Crown, which ended in independence, began at the foundation of the colony, with assumptions of power under the charter which the colonial government was always trying to maintain, and the crown was as assiduously endeavouring to counteract. .After more than half a century of struggle, the crown finally annulled the charter of the colony in 1684, though not until 1686 was the old government actually supplanted on the arrival of Joseph Dudley, a native of the colony, as president of a provisional council; later, Sir Edmund Andros was sent over with a commission to unite New York and New England under his rule.^ Or that bottle, more than half empty.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ As he’d come to know the man, Scott had dared to hope there might be more to the story than that final punctuation point.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ I’ve already asked the conductor to have a wire sent from New York, letting Aunt Cee know the time of our arrival.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The colonists had been for many years almost independent; they made their own laws, the Crown appointed natives as officials, and the colonial interpretation of the old charter had in general been allowed to stand.^ My grandfather expected me to be independent and to make my own decisions----- something that he came to regret on more than one occasion, as many of you know.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Uxbridge - Montville House - house is 350 years old and many people have died in it.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Apparently feeling he’d made his point, the Old Man finally allowed himself a smile, and the relaxed conversation resumed.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Massachusetts had excluded the English Book of Common Prayer, she had restricted the franchise, laid the death penalty, on religious opinions, and passed various other laws repugnant to the Crown, notably to Charles II.^ The walls were lined with shelves, many of them containing books, but others displaying various objects that Mr. Garrett had accumulated over the years.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

and James II.; she had caused laws and writs to run in her own name, she had neglected to exact the oath of allegiance to the sovereign, though carefully exacting an oath of fidelity to her own government, she had protected the regicides, she had coined money with her own seal, she had blocked legal appeals to the English courts, she had not compelled the observance of the navigation acts. The revocation of the charter aroused the strongest fears of the colonists Andros speedily met determined opposition by measures undertaken relative to taxation and land titles, by efforts to secure a church for Episcopal service, and an attempt to curb the town meetings. .His government was supported by a small party (largely an Anglican Church party), but was intensely unpopular with the bulk of the people; and - it is a disputed question, whether before or after news arrived of the landing in England of William of Orange - in April 1689 the citizens of Boston rose in revolution, deposed Andros, imprisoned him and re-established their old colonial form of government.^ Uncle Elwood, he was a good old fashioned New England stone wall.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott also told her that he hadn’t even had an opportunity to tell his grandfather about the invitation to California before he’d left Boston, let alone decided whether or not to accept it.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott would never regret having met the man, but the question still remained whether or not, left to his own devices, Murdoch would have ever sent for him.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Then came a struggle, carried on in England by Increase Mather as agent (1688-1692) of the colony, to secure such a form of government under a new charter as would preserve as many as possible of their old liberties. .Plymouth Colony, acting through its agent in London, endeavoured to secure a separate existence by royal charter, but accepted finally union with Massachusetts when association with New York became the probable alternative.^ The route would take them through many large cities, including Chicago and New York.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ F: New York landlords finally turn up the heat.

The province of Maine was also united in the new provincial charter of 1691, and Sir William Phips came over with it, commissioned as the first royal governor. As has been mentioned already, the new charter softened religious tests for office and the suffrage, and accorded " liberty of conscience " except to Roman Catholics. The old religious exclusiveness had already been greatly lessened: the clergy were less powerful, heresy had thrived under repression, Anglican churchmen had come to the colony and were borne with perforce, devotion to trade and commerce had weakened theological tests in favour of ideals of mere good order and prosperity, and a spirit of toleration had grown.
.Throughout the continuance of the government under the provincial charter, there was a constant struggle between a prerogative party, headed by the royal governor, and a popular party who cherished recollections of their practical independence under the colonial charter, and who were nursing the sentiments which finally took the form of resistance in 1775. The intercharter period, 1686-1691, is of great importance in this connexion.^ If you know someone who lives there say your final goodbyes because their time is coming.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ First I headed to Haymarket - located between Faneuil Hall and the North End, this very popular Friday-and-Saturday outdoor produce market is quite impressive.

.The popular majority kept up the feeling of hostility to the royal authority in recurrent combats in the legislative assembly over the salary to be voted to the governor; though these antagonisms were from time to time forgotten in the wars with the French and Indians.^ Though she could feel Scott smiling down at her, it was difficult to look up at him, sitting so close together, so Teresa watched his hands instead.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Even Teresa had to agree the song was becoming recognizable by the time Mrs. Holmes opened up the French doors.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ She kept looking up from her embroidery, even though she knew she would hear the sound of an approaching wagon long before it came into view.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

During the earl of Bellomont's administration, New York was again united with Massachusetts under the same executive (1697-1701). .The scenes of the recurrent wars were mostly distant from Massachusetts proper, either in Maine or on Canadian or Acadian territory, although some savage inroads of the Indians were now and then made on the exposed frontier towns, as, for instance, upon Deerfield in 1704 and upon Haverhill in 1708. Phips, who had succeeded in an attack on Port Royal, had ignominiously failed when he led the Massachusetts fleet against Quebec in 1690; and the later expedition of 1711 was no less a failure.^ No, Scott, what made it easier was that now .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The weekend is upon us, and unfortunately my ski trip got canceled, so the ski slopes up in Maine will be safe for now!

^ Murdoch stepped forward, and when Scott made no move to accept it, placed the envelope upon the desk.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The most noteworthy administration was that of William Shirley (1741-1749 and 1753-1756), who at one time was the commanding officer of the British forces in North America.^ He’d realized that he would have been the one they’d expected to be on the stage, that it was Johnny who had been the surprise—to himself most of all.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The most famous headstone in the cemetery is the one describing the lady who died by choking to death on a pea.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ No one knows who did it, but at that same time the caretaker disappeared.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

He made a brilliant success of the expedition against Louisburg in 1745, William Pepperell, a Maine officer, being in immediate command. Shirley with Massachusetts troops also took part in the Oswego expedition of 1755; and Massachusetts proposed, and lent the chief assistance in the expedition of Nova Scotia in 1755 which ended in the removal of the Acadians. Her officers and troops also played an important part in the Crown Point and second Louisburg expedition (1758).
.The first decided protests against the exercise of sovereign power by the crown, the first general moral and political revolt that marked the approach of the American War of Independence, took place in Massachusetts; so that the most striking events in the general history of the colonies as a whole from 1760 to 1775 are an intimate part of her annals.^ I kept this with me, the whole time, at Libby.” Scott’s eyes slid away again, she knew he must be remembering that place, and without thinking, she reached out and took his hand.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ So most often the lessons took place on Sundays prior to the service, with the earliest arrivals sitting in the pews listening in.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ But for the most part, it was almost as if the trip to Boston hadn’t taken place.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The beginning of the active opposition to the crown may be placed in the resistance, led by James Otis, to the issuing of writs (after 1 75 2, Otis's famous argument against them being made in 1760-1761) to compel citizens to assist the revenue officers; followed later by the outburst of feeling at the imposition of the Stamp Act (1765), when Massachusetts took the lead in confronting the royal power.^ Sensation of being watched and feelings of someone brushing up against you have been felt.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ You constantly get the feeling of being followed or watched over.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Even if Murdoch Lancer had made a considered decision that his son was better off being raised in another place, by another man, surely he could have written.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The governors put in office at this time by the crown were not of conciliatory temperaments, and the measures instituted in parliament (see United States) served to increase bitterness of feeling. .Royal troops sent to Boston (several regiments, 1768) irritated the populace, who were highly excited at the time, until in an outbreak on the 5th of March 1770 a file of garrison troops shot down in self-defence a few citizens in a crowd which assailed them.^ Several of his grandfather’s long-time associates had sent expressions of sympathy as well.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ I only met Garrett the one time.” He took a few gulps, draining half of the glass before he set it down again.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

This is known as the " Boston Massacre." The merchants combined to prevent the importation of goods which by law would yield the crown a revenue; and the patriots - as the anti-prerogative party called themselves - under the lead of Samuel Adams, instituted regular communication between the different towns, and afterwards, following the initiative of Virginia, with the other colonies, through " committees of correspondence "; a method of the utmost advantage thereafter in forcing on the revolution by intensifying and unifying the resistance of the colony, and by inducing the co-operation of other colonies. In 1773 (Dec. 16) a party of citizens, disguised as Indians and instigated by popular meetings, boarded some tea-ships in the harbour of Boston, and to prevent the landing of their taxable cargoes threw them into the sea; this incident is known in history as the " Boston tea-party." Parliament in retaliation closed the port of Boston (1774), a proceeding which only aroused more bitter feeling in the country towns and enlisted the sympathy of the other colonies. The governorship was now given to General Thomas Gage, who commanded the troops which had been sent to Boston. Everything foreboded an outbreak. Most of the families of the highest social position were averse to extreme measures; a large number were not won over and became expatriated loyalists. .The popular agitators, headed by Samuel Adams - with whom John Hancock, an opulent merchant and one of the few of the richer people who deserted the crown, leagued himself - forced on the movement, which became war in April 1775, when Gage sent an expedition to Concord and Lexington to destroy military stores accumulated by the patriots and to capture Adams and Hancock, temporarily staying at Lexington.^ A few people have reported seeing a image of a man in the projection booth and when someone goes to investigate, no one is there.
  • Shadowlands Haunted Places Index - Massachusetts 28 January 2010 0:26 UTC www.theshadowlands.net [Source type: Original source]

This detachment, commanded by Lord Percy, was assaulted, and returned with heavy loss. .The country towns now poured their militia into Cambridge, opposite Boston; troops came from neighbouring colonies, and Artemas Ward, a Massachusetts general, was placed in command of the irregular force, which with superior numbers at once shut the royal army up in Boston.^ The Boston Ski and Sports Club is having a Winterfest, where we can cross country ski, snow shoe, go skating or tubing up at the Sunday River Resort.

^ As a great segue into my trip, the weather in Boston changed drastically and was nice for once over the past two days (and yes, again, the flip flops came out).

^ Once I started seriously fading out and threaten to fall asleep sitting up at the table - I was sent to bed and went downstairs for some serious shut eye.

.An attempt of the provincials to seize and hold a commanding hill in Charlestown brought on the battle of Bunker Hill (June 1 7, 1775), in which the provincials were driven from the ground, although they lost much less heavily than the royal troops.^ Just as Grandfather had never told him very much about the fire that had, less than a year ago, decimated much of Boston’s commercial district.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ They didn’t talk very much after that, other than a few comments about the coffee and the dessert.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ They were older than Miss Smith, but not much more experienced.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Washington, chosen by the Continental Congress to command the army, arrived in Cambridge in July 1775, and stretching his lines around Boston, forced its evacuation in March 1776. The state was not again the scene of any conflict during the war.^ It was another betrayal, and unlike Grandfather’s attempt to use Julie to lure him back to Boston, or to force his return by threatening him with the Degans, this action had never been revealed.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Although he’d been busy going over business concerns with Wade, Scott couldn’t help thinking about those letters, especially the ones that he had sent to Boston during the War.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Generals Henry Knox and Benjamin Lincoln were the most distinguished officers contributed by the state to the revolutionary army. Out of an assessment at one time upon the states of $5,000,000 for the expenses of the war, Massachusetts was charged with $820,000, the next highest being $800,000 for Virginia. .Of the 231,791 troops sent by all the colonies into the field, reckoning by annual terms, Massachusetts sent 67,9.07, the next highest being 31,939 from Connecticut, Virginia furnishing only 26,678; and her proportion of sailors was very much greater still.^ It was a very low key and fun evening where we all crammed into her cousin's living room and watched several DVDs of "Will and Grace".

^ He’d had so much on his mind—including the reading of Mr. Garrett’s will the very next morning.
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^ It wasn’t his fault that it all still seemed much too wonderful to be real.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In every campaign in every colony save in 1779-80 her soldiery were in absolute, and still more in relative, number greater than those of any other colony.^ Today we reached the absolute low point of this week (in more ways than one), 3 degrees Fahrenheit, with a windchill around minus 20 (still Fahrenheit).

^ Scott once more recalled his aunt’s assertion that her brother’s every action, even those that seemed misguided, had been in Scott’s best interest.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps a few of those saffron colored paper books were still hidden behind the more serious tomes on his bedroom shelves back in Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

After the outbreak of the war a somewhat indefinite, heterogeneous provisional government was in power till a constitution was adopted in 1780, when John Hancock became the first governor. Governor James Bowdoin in1786-1787put down with clemency an almost bloodless insurrection in the western counties (there was strong disaffection, however, as far east as Middlesex), known as the Shays Rebellion, significant of the rife ideas of popular power, the economic distress, and the unsettled political conditions of the years of the Confederation. Daniel Shays (1747-1825), the leader, was a brave Revolutionary captain of no special personal importance. .The state debt was large, taxation was heavy, and industry was unsettled; worthless paper money was in circulation, yet some men demanded more; debtors were made desperate by prosecution; the state government seemed weak, the Federal government contemptibly so; the local courts would not, or from intimidation feared to, punish the turbulent, and demagogues encouraged ideas of popular power.^ Murdoch had been squeezing Teresa for all she was worth, forcing some more spending money on her, then hugging her again.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Lately, speculation about the saloon girls—why some were more “popular” than others---had been a topic of conversation, since Leah Anderson had overheard one of her brothers talking with some other men and shared their observations.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Beer can also be made from black birch, I might have to inquire some more about this.

A convention of delegates representing the malcontents of numerous towns in Worcester county met at Worcester on the 15th of August 1786 to consider grievances, and a week later a similar convention assembled at Hatfield, Hampshire county. Encouraged by these and other conventions in order to obstruct the collection of debts and taxes, a mob prevented a session of the Court of Common Pleas and General Sessions of the Peace at Northampton on the 29th of August, and in September other mobs prevented the same court from sitting in Worcester, Middlesex and Berkshire counties. .About 000 insurgents under Shays assembled at Springfield on the 26th of September to prevent the sitting there of the Supreme Court, from which they feared indictments.^ Will murmured a thanks, but there was really no break in the conversation as they continued to converse about the upcoming trial.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.To protect the court and the national arsenal at Springfield, for which the Federal government was powerless to provide a guard, MajorGeneral William Shepard (1737-1817) ordered out the militia, called for volunteers, and supplied them with arms from the arsenal, and the court sat for three days.^ The next day, the three of them walked down to the fort and back, stopping to call at a friend’s house along the way.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ There was a cattle drive coming up, as well as a bridge in need of repair ---and supplies on order that hadn’t yet arrived when Scott had set out for Stockton.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.The Federal government now attempted to enlist recruits, ostensibly to protect the western frontier from the Indians, but actually for the suppression of the insurrection; but the plan failed from lack of funds, and the insurgents continued to interrupt the procedure of the courts.^ Scott hadn’t failed to note the continuation of the pattern of proper names: “Catherine,” “Murdoch” and now “Marie Christine.” It bothered him, this lack of feeling, towards her, beyond a sense of responsibility.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In January 1787, however, Governor Bowdoin raised an army of 4400 men and placed it under the command of Major-General Benjamin Lincoln (1733-1810).^ Uncle El had also answered his country’s call, enlisting to serve under his Bowdoin colleague, Colonel—later General-- Joshua Chamberlain.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

While Lincoln was at Worcester Shays planned to capture the arsenal at Springfield, but on the 25th of January Shepard's men fired upon Shays's followers, killing four and putting the rest to flight. Lincoln pursued them to Petersham, Worcester county, where on the 4th of February he routed them and took 150 prisoners. .Subsequently the insurgents gathered in small bands in Berkshire county; but here, a league having been formed to assist the government, 84 insurgents were captured at West Stockbridge, and the insurrection practically terminated in an action at Sheffield on the 27th of February, in which the insurgents lost 2 killed and 30 wounded and the militia 2 killed and 1 wounded.^ One sentence, in the brief account of what Murdoch Lancer had done, one sentence that formed a small part of his litany of not having done enough.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Two of the insurgent leaders, Daniel Shays and Eli Parsons, escaped to Vermont soon after the rout at Petersham. Fourteen other insurgents who were tried by the Supreme Court in the spring of 1787 were found guilty of treason and sentenced to death. They were, however, held rather as hostages for the good behaviour of worse offenders who had escaped, and were pardoned in September. In February 1788 Shays and Parsons petitioned for pardon, and this was granted by the legislature in the following June. The outcome of the uprising was an encouraging test of loyalty to the commonwealth; and the insurrection is regarded as having been very potent in preparing public opinion throughout the country for the adoption of a stronger national government. .The Federal Constitution was ratified by Massachusetts by only a small majority on the 6th of February 1788, after its rejection had been at one time imminent; but Massachusetts became a strong Federalist state.^ But Scott had never asked, Murdoch reminded himself defensively, only the one time, and then he’d never raised the question again.
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^ I only met Garrett the one time.” He took a few gulps, draining half of the glass before he set it down again.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.Indeed, the general interest of her history in the quarter-century after the adoption of the Constitution lies mainly in her connexion with the fortunes of that great political party.^ They have been around for a quarter century and generally perform pieces from all periods of music history.

.Her leading politicians were out of sympathy with the conduct of national affairs (in the conduct of foreign relations, the distribution of political patronage, naval policy, the question of public debt) from 1804 - when Jefferson's party showed its complete supremacy - onward; and particularly after the passage of the Embargo Act of 1807, which caused great losses to Massachusetts commerce, and, so far from being accepted by her leaders as a proper diplomatic weapon, seemed to them designed in the interests of the Democratic party.^ Realizing that she’d rarely ventured far from the ranch, he’d enjoyed escorting her in Sacramento and San Francisco, and had relished the thought of being able to show her Boston.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Far from being passed and gone, the events and the emotions described seemed to be still very much here and now.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

The Federalist preference for England over France was strong in Massachusetts, and her sentiment was against the war with England of 1812-15. New England's discontent culminated in the Hartford Convention (Dec. 1814), in which Massachusetts men predominated. The state, however, bore her full part in the war, and much of its naval success was due to her sailors.
During the interval till the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, Massachusetts held a distinguished place in national life and politics. As a state she may justly be said to have been foremost in the struggle against slavery.' She opposed the policy that led to the Mexican War in 1846, although a regiment was raised in Massachusetts by the personal exertions of Caleb Cushing. The leaders of the ultra non-political abolitionists (who opposed the formation of the Liberty party) were mainly Massachusetts men, notably W. L. Garrison and Wendell Phillips. The Federalist domination had been succeeded by Whig rule in the state; but after the death of the great Whig, Daniel Webster, in 1852, all parties disintegrated, re-aligning themselves gradually in an aggressive anti-slavery party and the temporizing Democratic party. .First, for many years the Free-Soilers gained strength; then in 1855 in an extraordinary party upheaval the Know-Nothings quite broke up Democratic, Free-Soil and Whig organizations; the FreeSoilers however captured the Know-Nothing organization and directed it to their own ends; and by their junction with the anti-slavery Whigs there was formed the Republican party.^ There had been too many years of silence, too many questions, and Scott had finally sought his answers elsewhere.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ It was a wonder he hadn’t ended up in the cemetery in Abilene with the other deputies; he’d been told quite candidly there was a special section for them.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Scott was surprised that the two men had come to call; Harlan Garrett had been an active supporter of the anti-slavery movement and had made significant monetary contributions, but since the War’s end, he had parted ways with many of the former abolitionists.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

To this the original Free-Soilers contributed as leaders Charles Sumner and C. F. Adams; the Know-Nothings, Henry Wilson and N. P. Banks; and later, the War Democrats, B. F. Butler - all men of mark in the history of the state. Charles Sumner, the most eminent exponent of the new party, was the state's senator in Congress (1851-1874). .The feelings which grew up, and the movements that were fostered till they rendered the Civil War inevitable, received something of the same impulse from Massachusetts which she had given a century before to the feelings and movements forerunning the War of American Independence.^ My father.”> > Those words evoked very different feelings now than they had only a few years before.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ I feel guilty sometimes, that I grew up there, and you and Johnny didn’t.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Eventually, Scott had imagined striding shoulder to shoulder with his faceless sire, listening intently to the man’s explanation; he’d been an adult before he’d completely given up hope.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.When the war broke out it was her troops who first received hostile fire in Baltimore, and turning their mechanical training to account opened the obstructed railroad to Washington.^ Teresa was again disappointed when her ‘first sand dollar’ turned out to be only half of one.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ As it had turned out, the young woman who had accompanied Catherine to the music hall was suddenly taken ill very soon after their arrival, necessitating an immediate departure.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.In the war thus begun she built, equipped and manned many vessels for the Federal navy, and furnished from IMI to 1865 26,163 (or, including final credits, probably more than 30,000) men for the navy.^ As he’d come to know the man, Scott had dared to hope there might be more to the story than that final punctuation point.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ With each passing hour, this train carried him further away from Boston and Scott, further away from a young man he had come to love more than he could have imagined.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ Each man could have extended more than one invitation.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.During the war all but twelve small townships raised troops in excess of every call, the excess throughout the state amounting in all to more than 15,000 men; while the total recruits to the Federal army (including re-enlistments) numbered, according to the adjutantgeneral of the state, 159,165 men, of which less than 7000 were raised by draft.^ It occupies 265 acres (107 hectares) of land and features an impressive collection of more than 7000 plant species, and a herbarium collection in excess of 5 million specimens.

^ Feeling less than reassured, Johnny moved to the front of the buggy and sprang up to his seat, then waited while Murdoch climbed up more slowly on the other side.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ She’d included all that Scott had requested, but of course there was much more that she wished to say.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

.2 The state, as such, and the townships spent 1 Slavery had existed as a social fact from the earliest years, and legally after 1641; but it was never profitable, and was virtually abolished long before the War of American Independence; still it was never abolished explicitly by Massachusetts, though the slave trade was prohibited in 1788, and though a number of negroes were declared free after the adoption of the constitution of 1780 on the strength of the sweeping declaration of human rights in that instrument.^ Scott had tried to remember the time he’d spent with Marie-Flore, but it seemed another lifetime ago, and it had been, in a sense, since it had taken place “Before the War.” He knew that the encounters had been momentous ones for his seventeen-year-old self, but the truth was that with the intervening years they had long ceased to be memorable.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ As he walked slowly back to the nearest gate, Scott recalled their many conversations about books, their sometimes heated debates over both historical events and current issues, such as the War, slavery, the status of free Negroes.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The eyes were the same though, and Murdoch gazed into them searchingly for a long moment before sadly returning the portrait to its place on the shelf.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

2 According to the final report of the U.S. Adjutant-General in 1885, the enlistments were 146,730 men, of whom 13,942 died in $42,605,517.19 in the war; and private contributions of citizens are reckoned in addition at about $9,000,000, exclusive of the aid to families of soldiers, paid then and later by the state.
Since the close of the war Massachusetts has remained gener ally steadfast in adherence to the principles of the Republican party, and has continued to develop its resources. .Navigation, which was formerly the distinctive feature of its business prosperity, has under the pressure of laws and circumstances given place to manufactures, and the development of carrying facilities on the land rather than on the sea.^ It occupies 265 acres (107 hectares) of land and features an impressive collection of more than 7000 plant species, and a herbarium collection in excess of 5 million specimens.

^ It made perfect sense to pack clean clothes rather than dusty, dirty ones, and Murdoch had given her a considerable sum of spending money.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

In the Spanish-American War of 1898 Massachusetts furnished 11,780 soldiers and sailors, though her quota was but 7388; supplementing from her own treasury the pay accorded them by the national government.
.No statement of the influence which Massachusetts has exerted upon the American people, through intellectual activity, and even through vagary, is complete without an enumeration of the names which, to Americans at least, are the signs of this influence and activity.^ There is a lake in Massachusetts - Webster Lake in Webster - its Native American name is: Lake Chargoggagoggmanchaugagochaubunagungamaug or Lake Chargoggagoggmanchauggagoggchaubunagungamaugg, which translates into "you fish on that side, we'll fish on this side and nobody will fish in the middle".

^ He skimmed through the words impatiently, fearful now that no other topics would be addressed, or worse, that this last letter might not have even been finished.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ At least Murdoch assumed it was still there, carefully sealed inside its envelope, for if Scott had read it, his son gave no sign.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

In science the state can boast of John Winthrop, the most eminent of colonial scientists; Benjamin Thompson (Count Rumford); Nathaniel Bowditch, the translator of Laplace; Benjamin Peirce and Morse the electrician; not to include an adopted citizen in Louis Agassiz. .In history, Winthrop and Bradford laid the foundations of her story in the very beginning; but the best example of the colonial period is Thomas Hutchinson, and in later days Bancroft, Sparks, Palfrey, Prescott, Motley and Parkman.^ The hacienda entered the story just as the main course of whitefish--the day’s best catch, termed “scrod” at the Parker House---arrived at their table.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The best Story of the Day was under the Headline of "Who ate Roger Williams?"

In poetry, a pioneer of the modern spirit in American verse was Richard Henry Dana; and later came Bryant, Longfellow, Whittier, Lowell and Holmes. In philosophy and the science of living, Jonathan Edwards, Franklin, Channing, Emerson and Theodore Parker. In education, Horace Mann; in philanthropy, S. G. Howe. In oratory, James Otis, Fisher Ames, Josiah Quincy, junr., Webster, Choate, Everett, Sumner, Winthrop and Wendell Phillips; and, in addition, in statesmanship, Samuel Adams, John Adams and John Quincy Adams. In fiction, Hawthorne and Mrs Stowe. In law, Story, Parsons and Shaw. In scholarship, Ticknor, William M. Hunt, Horatio Greenough, W. W. Story and Thomas Ball. The " transcendental movement," which sprang out of German affiliations and produced as one of its results the well-known community of Brook Farm (1841-1847), under the leadership of Dr George Ripley, was a Massachusetts growth, and in passing away it left, instead of traces of an organization, a sentiment and an aspiration for higher thinking which gave Emerson his following. .When Massachusetts was called upon to select for Statuary Hall in the capitol at Washington two figures from the long line of her worthies, she chose as her fittest representatives John Winthrop, the type of Puritanism and state-builder, and Samuel Adams (though here the choice was difficult between Samuel Adams and John Adams) as her greatest leader in the heroic period of the War of Independence.^ I paid a call upon his parents, after the War.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ During the War, Western stories of duels between gunfighters or conflicts between cowboys and Indians, had been very popular with the men in his company, something to while away the long periods of boredom in between their own bloody battles.
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

^ The way I see it, none a that matters much now, long as things were squared between the two a you.” .
  • Lancer: Echoes of the Heart 15 September 2009 4:39 UTC peterbrown.tv [Source type: Original source]

Governors of Plymouth Colony (Chosen annually by the people).
John Carver1620-1621William Bradford1621-1633Edward Winslow1633-1634Thomas Prence (or Prince)1634-1635William Bradford1635-1636Edward Winslow1636-1637William Bradford1637-1638Thomas Prence (or Prince)1638-1639William Bradford1639-1644Edward Winslow1644-1645William Bradford1645-1657Thomas Prence (or Prince)1657-1673Josiah Winslow.1673-1680Thomas Hinckley1680-1686Sir Edmund Andros1686-1689Thomas Hinckley1689-1692war. These figures are probably less accurate than those of the state.
Governors of Massachusetts (Under the First Charter - chosen annually). John Endecott 1 .
John Winthrop. Thomas Dudley .
John Haynes .
Henry Vane. John Winthrop. Thomas Dudley .
Richard Bellingham .
John Winthrop .
John Endecott .
Thomas Dudley. .
John Winthrop. .
John Endecott .
Thomas Dudley. .
John Endecott .
Richard Bellingham .
John Endecott .
Richard Bellingham .
John Leverett (acting, 1672-1673) .
Simon Bradstreet .
Sir Edmund Andros Simon Bradstreet .
Under Second Charter - appointed by the Sir William Phips .
William Stoughton (acting). Richard Coote, earl of Bellomont William Stoughton (acting) Joseph Dudley .
William Tailer (acting) .
Samuel Shute. William Dummer (acting) .
William Burnet. William Dummer (acting) .
William Tailer (acting) .
Jonathan Belcher .
William Shirley .
Spencer Phips (acting) .
William Shirley .
Spencer Phips (acting) .
Thomas Pownal Thomas Hutchinson (acting) Sir Francis Bernard, Bart. .
Thomas Hutchinson (