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Mathilde Franziska Anneke

Mathilde Franziska Anneke (born in Germany on April 3, 1817; died in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on November 25, 1884) was a German feminist, socialist, and newspaper editor, owner, and reporter. Born Mathilde Franziska Geisler, her first marriage to Alfred von Tabouillot, a rich wine merchant, ended in divorce. The ensuing custody battle over the children influenced her feminist views greatly.[1] She later married Fritz Anneke, and the couple began publishing a daily newspaper for the working class in Cologne. When Fritz was jailed for his political activities, Mathilde continued to write, manage, and publish the paper until it was banned by the authorities in 1847. One year later, Mathilde started a new paper, the first German feminist newspaper, Frauen-Zeitung, in 1848.[2] Upon his release from prison, Mathilde later travelled with Fritz during the Prussian invasion of the Palatinate, writing about it.[3] After the Prussian victory, the couple fled Germany and emigrated to the United States. Upon her resettlement in Milwaukee, Anneke recreated her career as a feminist author and publisher, becoming a friend and colleague of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.[4] In March 1852, Mathilde started the first feminist journal in the United States published by a woman, the Deutsche Frauen-Zeitung.[5]

The Anneke's were vocal opponents of slavery during the American Civil War, and Fritz served in the Union army.

Mathilde Anneke later founded a girl's school in Milwaukee that remained open until 1884.




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