Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor: Wikis

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Matthias
Holy Roman Emperor; King of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia; Archduke of Austria[1][2]
Holy Roman Emperor
King of the Romans (King of Germany)
Reign 13 June 1612–20 March 1619
Coronation 26 June 1612, Frankfurt
Predecessor Rudolf II
Successor Ferdinand II
King of Hungary and Croatia
Reign 1608–1619
Coronation 19 November 1608, Pressburg
Predecessor Rudolf II
Successor Ferdinand II
King of Bohemia
Reign 1611–1619
Coronation 23 May 1611, Prague
Predecessor Rudolf II
Successor Ferdinand II
Archduke of Austria
Reign 1608–20 March 1619
Predecessor Rudolf II
Successor Ferdinand II
Spouse Anna of Austria-Tyrol
House House of Habsburg
Father Maximilian II
Mother Maria of Austria
Born 24 February 1557
Vienna, Austria
Died 20 March 1619 (aged 62)
Vienna Austria

Matthias (24 February 1557 - 20 March 1619) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 (as Matthias II) and King of Bohemia from 1611. He was a member of the House of Habsburg[3]

Contents

Biography

Matthias on a Hungarian coin with the Holy Crown of Hungary

Matthias was born in the Austrian capital of Vienna to Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain.

Matthias married Archduchess Anna of Austria, daughter of his uncle Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria, whose successor in Further Austria Matthias became in 1595. Their marriage did not produce surviving children.

In 1593 he was appointed governor of Austria by his brother, Emperor Rudolf II. He formed a close association there with the Bishop of Vienna, Melchior Klesl, who later became his chief adviser. In 1605 Matthias forced the ailing emperor to allow him to deal with the Hungarian Protestant rebels. The result was the Peace of Vienna of 1606, which guaranteed religious freedom in Hungary. In the same year Matthias was recognized as head of the House of Habsburg and as the future Holy Roman Emperor, as a result of Rudolf's illness. Allying himself with the estates of Hungary, Austria, and Moravia, Matthias forced his brother to yield rule of these lands to him in 1608; Rudolf later ceded Bohemia in 1611.

After Matthias's accession as Holy Roman Emperor, his policy was dominated by Klesl, who hoped to bring about a compromise between Catholic and Protestant states within the Holy Roman Empire in order to strengthen it. Matthias had already been forced to grant religious concessions to Protestants in Austria and Moravia, as well as in Hungary, when he had allied with them against Rudolf.

His conciliatory policies were opposed by the more intransigent Catholic Habsburgs, particularly Matthias's brother Archduke Maximilian, who hoped to secure the succession for the inflexible Catholic Archduke Ferdinand (later Emperor Ferdinand II). The start of the Bohemian Protestant revolt in 1618 provoked Maximilian to imprison Klesl and revise his policies. Matthias, old and ailing, was unable to prevent a takeover by Maximilian's faction. Ferdinand, who had already been crowned King of Bohemia (1617) and of Hungary (1618), succeeded Matthias as Holy Roman Emperor.

Matthias died in Vienna in 1619.

Names

Austrian Royalty
House of Habsburg
Rudolf II Arms-imperial.svg
Armorial of the Holy Roman Empire
Ferdinand I
Children include
   Archduchess Elisabeth
   Maximilian II
   Archduchess Anna, Duchess of Bavaria
   Archduke Ferdinand
   Archduchess Maria
   Archduchess Catherine
   Archduchess Eleanor
   Archduchess Barbara
   Archduke Charles
   Archduchess Johanna
Grandchildren include
   Archduchess Anna, Queen of Poland and Sweden
   Ferdinand II
   Archduchess Margaret, Queen of Spain
   Archduke Leopold
   Archduchess Constance, Queen of Poland and Sweden
   Archduchess Maria Magdalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Maximilian II
Children include
   Archduchess Anna, Queen of Spain
   Rudolf II
   Archduke Ernest
   Archduchess Elisabeth, Queen of France
   Matthias
   Archduke Maximilian
   Archduke Albert
Rudolf II
Matthias
Ferdinand II

Names in other languages:

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Philip I of Castile
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Mary of Burgundy
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Ferdinand II of Aragon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Joanna of Castile
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Isabella I of Castile
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Casimir IV Jagiellon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Vladislas II of Bohemia and Hungary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Elisabeth of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Anna of Foix-Candale
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Catherine of Foix
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (= 16.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Philip I of Castile (= 8.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Mary of Burgundy (= 17.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Ferdinand II of Aragon (= 18.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Joanna of Castile (= 9.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Isabella I of Castile (= 19.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Maria of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Fernando, Duke of Viseu
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Manuel I of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Beatrice of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Isabella of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Ferdinand II of Aragon (= 18.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Maria of Aragon and Castile
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Isabella I of Castile (= 19.)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Titles

Matthias, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Luxemburg, Württemberg, the Upper and Lower Silesia, Prince of Swabia, Margrave of the Holy Roman Empire, Burgau, Moravia, the Upper and Lower Lusatia, Princely Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Ferrette, Kyburg, Gorizia, Landgrave of Alsace, Lord of the Wendish March, Pordenone and Salins, etc. etc.

See also

Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
Born: 24 February 1557 Died: 20 March 1619
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Rudolf II
King of Bohemia
1611–1619
Succeeded by
Ferdinand II
Margrave of Moravia
1608–1619
King of Croatia
1608–1619
King of Hungary
1608–1619
King of Germany
(formally King of the Romans)

1612–1618
Holy Roman Emperor (elect)
1612–1619
Archduke of Austria
1608–1619
Preceded by
Archduke Ferdinand II
Archduke of Further Austria
1608–1619
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