'Maulvi Ghulam Rasool (29 jan 1849 – 7 march 1892) was a famous Sufi poet of Punjab. He was the author of Yousaf Zulekha. BRIEF INTRODUCTION OF GREAT SAINT AND POET HAZRAT MAULVI GHULAM RASOOL ALAMPURI
Hazrat Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri was born on 29 January 1849, (05 Rabi-ul-Awal 1265 Hijri) in village Alampur, Tehsil Dasuya, District Hushiarpur India. He was Gujjar by caste and subcaste Kisana. He was the only son of Choudhry Murad Bakhsh. His mother Mohtarma Rahmat Bibi died when Maulvi Sahib reached the age of 6(six) month only. His father died when Maulvi Sahib was only 12 years old.
We do not have any knowledge of his regular education, and it has to be accepted that the knowledge which Maulvi Sahib had, was God gifted which can be seen in his poetry. However preliminary education got from Maulvi Hamid Sahib of their own village and also read some books of Arabic and Persian. After this some knowledge got from Maulvi Usman of another near by village Ghilzian.
After getting formal education Maulvi Sahib started teaching in a primary school of Meerpur, where he taught as teacher from 1864 to 1878. In 1878 Maulvi Sahib was transfer village Mahesar. Mahesar is situated about 2 miles from Alampur, where he taught 4 years and after this Maulvi Sahib resigned in 1882 and went to Alampur. Maulvi Sahib served as teacher for about 18 years. When Maulvi Sahib resigned at that time their age was about 33 years.
Father of Maulvi Sahib were not Imam Masjid of any Mosque but some writers, without any research wrote them as Imam Masjid, which is not correct. He was a sacred person and their ancestral profession was a Agriculturist.
I understand that it is good to take responsibility and research and to get full information with care before to write on any historical personality, in which there should be no interest of personal interest. So that correct, certified and useful information may reach to the coming generation and this task should be achieved with intensity of responsibility, sincerity and honesty.
The habits and behavior of Maulvi Sahib were exceptionally nice and delicate. He had a dignified and impressive personality. He never talked in anger and he was very social. He weared very good, neat and clean dresses. He used to wear white shirt (Kurta) with white dhoti and pagri on head. He used to use misvak daily.
Hazrat Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri were of medium feature. Features of their face were beautiful, body was slim but not weak, but it was healthy and of medium nature. Beard was slim and smart. Teeth were white parallel and beautiful. Colour was reddish. Eyes were neither medium nor fat or small but a little reddish. There were chicken pox on their face when they were in childhood. Their hand were flashy and reddish. Their hairs were thick but not so long. Forehead was not a close but a suitable. Neck was neither slim not fat.
He got married thrice. First marriage was solemnized in 1869 A.D at the age of 20. That wife died in 1873 A.D. There was no child from her. The second marriage was in 1881 A.D, this wife died in 1886 A.D. From this wife had a daughter named “Ayesha”. He married third time in 1891 A.D, from which he had one daughter named “Khadija” Khadija Bibi was married to Choudhry Abdul Aziz of Alampur. Khadija Bibi had 2 sons and 3 daughters, namely Abdul Latif, Abdul Rasheed and daughters Saeeda Begum, Masooda Begum and Razia Begum. Sahibzada Masud Ahmed is one of the sons of Razia Begum who is maternal daughter of Maulvi Sahib and Sahibzada Masud Ahmed is maternal grandson of Hazrat Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri. Sahibzada Masud Ahmed laid foundation of “Hazrat Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri Academy” in 30 November 1990. The registered Head Office of which is in Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Hazrat Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri veileded on 7 march 1892 A.D and according to Islamic calendar 7 Shaban 1309 Hijri in the age of 43 years. May God rest his soul in peace. He remained sick for three days. As he knew that his last moments has come, so this was informed to all the people and friends that who want to meet him could meet. After three days he left the world for good in the morning. His Nimaz-e-Jinaza was offered by one of his close friends a saint “Maulvi Abdullah Sahib” from village Talwandi. He had a promise with him that one who left alive will lead the Nimaz-e-Jinaza of the other. The lovers and followers of Maulvi Sahib are living in various regions of the world and particularly in sub-continent. His poetry is being read in millions houses. His spiritual verses created good effect on the hearts of the people. Different scholars and Ulamas quote his verses in their meetings and sessions as references. He created an atmosphere of brotherhood, humanitarianism and tolerance in the society. Every year people belonging to different religion gather on his Uras to pay homage to the great Sufi poet. A Memorial Hall and library, in his memory, has been constructed in Alampur Distt. Hoshiarpur, India. The founding president of Punjab University Lahore Mr.G.W. Leitner has written in his book “History Of Indigenous Education In The Punjab” part II page 49 about Maulvi Sahib “At Alampur, under the Direction of the excellent Maulvi Ghulam Rasool, is a large maktab with 40 pupils, where Persian and Urdu are very well taught by him gratuitously”. The former Prime Minister of India Mr. I.K Gujral said in his message to Sahibzada Masud Ahmed “Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri was once such remarkable personality whose contribution has left an indelible mark on the Punjabi literature and folk-lore of both Pakistan and India. His influenced transcends political boundries and legacy creates unified responses in the two countries which is a matter of great pride”.
He wrote many books as well. He imparted education for eighteen years (1864 A.D-1882 A.D) in the Govt. Primary Schools of village Mahesar and Meerpur Distt. Hoshiarpur, India as an outstanding teacher. Approximately 40 students, from far flung areas, also acquired education in Medical (Tib), Religion and Formal from his Maktab in Alampur, whereas he belonged to an Agriculturist/Ziminidar family. He was a saint by birth. Apparently he was not a disciple of any saint but it is evident from his book “Ahsan-ul-Qasas” that spiritually he was very much influenced by Hazrat Imam Ghazali. (1048A.D-1111A.D) His Urs is celebrated every year on 15,16,17 of Harr Bikarmi in which people belonging to different religion gather on his Urs to pay homage to the great saint and poet. And this is for the first time after 1947 on 20th April 2007 Sahibzada Masud Ahmed went to the Mazar-e-Aqdas along with a delegation where he participated in seminars and meetings as Chief Guest and fixed the date of next Urs as 7 march with reference to the death anniversary of Maulvi Sahib. On the occasion of a dinner hosted by Deputy Commissioner Hoshiarpur in the honour of Sahibzada Masud Ahmed, Sahibzada Masud Ahmed presented to the Deputy Commissioner the book of Maulvi Sahib “Ahsan-ul-Qasas” and his compiled book “Doonghey Raaz”. He also presented a memoir to the Deputy Commissioner in which it was demanded to rebuild the Mazar-e-Aqdas of Maulvi Sahib, construction of residential rooms for the visitors, a research center and a library. It was also demanded to name the Dasuya-Miani road after the name of Maulvi Sahib, the well of Maulvi Sahib’s time should be renovated whereas a road should be constructed to link Dasuya-Miani road with the Mazar-e-Aqdas. In the presence of honourable persons of the locality Deputy Commissioner promised with Sahibzada Masud Ahmed that he will act upon this very soon.
Books of Maulvi Sahib have also been included from Matric to M.A level in Pakistan. Two PhD’s have also been completed on the personality and poetry of Maulvi Sahib. Most of the books of Maulvi Sahib have also been translated in the language of Gurmukhi in India. Most of his books are in Punjabi but he wrote a few books in Urdu, Persian and Arabic as well. The detail of books written by Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri are as under
His two other books, “Qissa Ropan” and “Gujjar Nama” could not be found till yet.
Hazrat Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri Academy was established in 30 November 1990 by Sahibzada Masud Ahmed in Faisalabad after the name of great sufi saint and poet of Sub-continent of India. The academy has done a great/marvelous work in collecting and explaining the work of the great poet Hazrat Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri. Seminars and other literary sessions are being conducted every year from this platform in which shields and certificates for their good deeds will be awarded to learned scholars and social personalities. A lot of intellectual and literary functions are managed by the academy which disseminates a positive thinking in the people. By the grace of Almighty Allah this is an international organization. Many important personalities of Pakistan and other countries are also its members. Many important personalities of Pakistan and India has welcomed this good act of Sahibzada Masud Ahmed and had sent articles and messages regarding the personality and deeds of Hazrat Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri. Hazrat Maulvi Ghulam Rasool Alampuri wrote various books of poetry and Nasar (prose) in Urdu, Persian, Arabic and Punjabi languages which all are possessed by his maternal grandson Sahibzada Masud Ahmed. Some of these books, have been published in various editions and some are remained unpublished despite lapse of considerable time of these books are possessed by Sahibzada Masud Ahmed who is managing to get them published. Sahibzada Masud Ahmed had already compiled and published a literary book namely “Doonghey Raaz” on the personality and poetry of Maulvi Sahib. This book contains essays of the important figures of Pakistan and India which they wrote on Maulvi Sahib. This book has been included in M.A level in Pakistan.