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Maurice Joseph Tobin


In office
August 13, 1948 – January 20, 1953
President Harry S. Truman
Preceded by Lewis B. Schwellenbach
Succeeded by Martin P. Durkin

In office
January 3, 1945 – January 2, 1947
Lieutenant Robert F. Bradford
Preceded by Leverett Saltonstall
Succeeded by Robert F. Bradford

In office
1938 – 1945
Preceded by Frederick Mansfield
Succeeded by John E. Kerrigan

Born May 22, 1901(1901-05-22)
Boston, Massachusetts,
United States
Died July 19, 1953 (aged 52)
Scituate, Massachusetts,
United States
Resting place Holyhood Cemetery, Brookline, Massachusetts
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Helen Noonan
Alma mater Boston College
Religion Roman Catholic

Maurice Joseph Tobin (May 22, 1901 – July 19, 1953) was a Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, governor of the U.S. state of Massachusetts, and U.S. Secretary of Labor.[1][2][3]

Tobin was born in Mission Hill, Boston, Massachusetts to James Tobin, a carpenter, and Margaret Daly. He was the eldest of four children including Timothy F. (b.1902), Margaret M. (b.1905) and James G. (b. 1907). He graduated from Boston College and worked for Conway Leather and New England Telephone, before entering politics as a protege of the legendary James Michael Curley. Tobin was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives at the age of 25, serving from 1927 to 1929. In November 1932 he married Helen Noonan of Brighton, Massachusetts, with whom he had three children. He served on the Boston School Committee from 1931 to 1937, before shocking the political establishment by defeating Curley in the 1937 race for Mayor of Boston.[1][2]

He served as Mayor from 1938 to 1945, during which time he advocated the Fair Employment Practices Bill, which prohibited discrimination based on race, color, creed, and national origin in hiring or promotion practices. During his tenure as mayor, the Cocoanut Grove fire occurred in Boston. Prior to the fire, club owner Barney Welansky boasted that that club had not needed to adhere to fire codes because Tobin would not permit his club to be closed. Welansky was convicted of manslaughter, and Tobin himself only narrowly escaped indictment. Four years into Welansky's sentence, now-Governor Tobin pardoned him. In 1944, Tobin was elected Governor, and served two years from 1945 to 1947. His administration was marked by efforts to increase the benefits of unemployment insurance and workers compensation. He is also credited with the creation of Massport. In 1946, he was defeated for re-election by his Lieutenant Governor, Robert F. Bradford.[1][2][4]

Governor Tobin remained active in Democratic politics, however, and campaigned vigorously for President Truman in 1948. Upon Truman's election, Tobin was appointed as U.S. Secretary of Labor, a position he held from 1948 to 1953. Shortly after he left his position as Labor Secretary, Governor Tobin died of a heart attack on July 19, 1953. He is buried in Holyhood Cemetery in Brookline, Massachusetts.[1][2]

Legacies

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Maurice J. Tobin, Truman Aide, Dies," New York Times, July 20, 1953.
  2. ^ a b c d Vincent A. Lapomarda, The Boston Mayor Who Became Truman's Secretary of Labor: Maurice J. Tobin and the Democratic Party, Peter Lang Publishing, 1995. ISBN 082042448X
  3. ^ "Truman Pays Tribute," New York Times, July 20, 1953; "Eisenhower Lauds Tobin," New York Times, July 21, 1953; "3,000 Attend Rites for Maurice Tobin," New York Times, July 23, 1953.
  4. ^ John C. Esposito, Fire in the Grove: The Cocoanut Grove Tragedy And Its Aftermath, 1st ed., Da Capo Press, 2005. ISBN 0306814234
  5. ^ The date is written on a dedicatory plaque on the Tobin Building.
  6. ^ http://www.boston.k12.ma.us/schools/RC426.pdf

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Frederick Mansfield
Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts
1938 – 1945
Succeeded by
John E. Kerrigan
Preceded by
Leverett Saltonstall
Governor of Massachusetts
January 3, 1945 – January 2, 1947
Succeeded by
Robert F. Bradford
Preceded by
Lewis B. Schwellenbach
United States Secretary of Labor
Served under: Harry S. Truman

August 13, 1948 – January 20, 1953
Succeeded by
Martin P. Durkin
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