Maurice Sendak: Wikis

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Maurice Sendak
Born June 10, 1928 (1928-06-10) (age 81)
Brooklyn, New York
Occupation artist, illustrator, writer
Nationality American
Period 1947 - present
Genres Children's literature

Maurice Bernard Sendak (born June 10, 1928) is an American writer and illustrator of children's literature. He is best known for his book Where the Wild Things Are, published in 1963.

Contents

Early life

Sendak was born in Brooklyn, New York to Polish Jewish immigrant parents Sarah (née Schindler) and Philip Sendak, a dressmaker.[1][2][3] He decided to become an illustrator after viewing Walt Disney's film Fantasia at the age of twelve, however, his love of books came at an early age when he developed health problems and was confined to his bed.[4] One of his first professional commissions was to create window displays for the toy store F.A.O. Schwarz. His illustrations were first published in 1947 in a textbook titled Atomics for the Millions by Dr. Maxwell Leigh Eidinoff. He spent much of the 1950s working as an artist for children's books, before beginning to write his own stories.

Work

Sendak gained international acclaim after writing and illustrating Where the Wild Things Are, although the book's depictions of fanged monsters concerned some parents when it was first released, as his characters were somewhat grotesque in appearance. Sendak's seeming attraction to the forbidden or nightmarish aspects of children's fantasy have made him a subject of controversy. The monsters in the book were actually based on relatives who would come to weekly dinners. Because of their broken English and odd mannerisms, they were the perfect basis for the monsters in Sendak's book. Before Where the Wild Things Are, Sendak was best known for illustrating Else Holmelund Minarik's Little Bear series of books.[5]

When Sendak saw a manuscript of Zlateh the Goat, the first children’s story by Isaac Bashevis Singer, on the desk of an editor at Harper & Row, he offered to illustrate the book, which was first published in 1966 and received a Newberry Award. Sendak was delighted and enthusiastic about the collaboration. He once wryly remarked that his parents were finally impressed by their youngest child when he collaborate with Singer.[6]

His book In the Night Kitchen, first published in 1970, has often been subjected to censorship for its drawings of a young boy prancing naked through the story. The book has been challenged in several American states including Illinois, New Jersey, Minnesota, and Texas.

In the Night Kitchen regularly appears on the American Library Association's list of "frequently challenged and banned books." It was listed number 21 on the "100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 1990-1999."[7]

Outside, Over There, is about a girl, Ida, and her sibling jealousy and responsibility. Her father is away and so Ida is left to watch her baby sister, much to her dismay. Her sister is kidnapped by goblins, and Ida must go off on a magic adventure to rescue her. At first, she's not really eager to get her sister and nearly passes her sister right by when she becomes absorbed in the magic of the quest. In the end, she rescues her baby sister, destroys the goblins and returns home committed to caring for her sister until her father returns home.

Sendak was an early member of the National Board of Advisors of the Children's Television Workshop during the development stages of the television series Sesame Street. He also wrote and designed an animated sequence for the series, Bumble Ardy, based on his own book, and with Jim Henson as the voice of Bumble Ardy.

Sendak produced an animated television production based on his work titled Really Rosie, featuring the voice of Carole King, which was broadcast in 1975 and is available on video (usually as part of video compilations of his work). An album of the songs was also produced. He contributed the opening segment to Simple Gifts,[8] a Christmas collection of six animated shorts shown on PBS TV in 1977 and later issued on VHS in 1993. He adapted his book Where the Wild Things Are for the stage in 1979. Additionally, he has designed sets for many operas and ballets, including the award-winning (1983) Pacific Northwest Ballet production of Tchaikovsky's The Nutcracker , Houston Grand Opera's productions of Mozart's The Magic Flute (1981) and Humperdinck's Hansel and Gretel (1997), Los Angeles County Music Center's 1990 production of Mozart's Idomeneo, and the New York City Opera's 1981 production of The Cunning Little Vixen.

In the 1990s, Sendak approached playwright Tony Kushner to write a new English version of the Czech composer Hans Krása's children's opera Brundibar. Kushner wrote the text for Sendak's illustrated book of the same name, published in 2003. The book was named one of the New York Times Book Review's 10 Best Illustrated Books of 2003.

In 2003, Chicago Opera Theatre produced Sendak and Kushner's adaptation of Brundibar. In 2005 Berkeley Repertory Theatre, in collaboration with Yale Repertory Theatre and Broadway's New Victory Theater, produced a substantially reworked version of the Sendak-Kushner adaptation.

He also created the children's television program Seven Little Monsters.

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Influences

Maurice Sendak is known for drawing inspiration and influences from a vast number of painters, musicians and authors. Going back to his childhood, one of his earliest memorable influences was actually his father, Philip Sendak. According to Maurice, his father would relate tales from the Bible - however, he would embellish them with racy details to jazz them up. Not realising that this was inappropriate for children, little Maurice would frequently be sent home after retelling his father's "softcore Bible tales" at school.[9]

Growing up, Sendak developed other influences, starting with Disney's Fantasia as mentioned earlier. He has been quoted as saying, "My gods are Herman Melville, Emily Dickinson, Mozart. I believe in them with all my heart." Elaborating further, he has explained that reading Emily Dickinson's works helps him to remain calm in an otherwise hectic world: "And I have a little tiny Emily Dickinson so big that I carry in my pocket everywhere. And you just read three poems of Emily. She is so brave. She is so strong. She is such a sexy, passionate, little woman. I feel better." Likewise, of Mozart, he has said, "When Mozart is playing in my room, I am in conjunction with something I can't explain. [...] I don't need to. I know that if there's a purpose for life, it was for me to hear Mozart."[10]

In terms of influencing others, Sendak has been a massive influence over the decades. While his books certainly have roused much controversy, on the other hand they have also charmed scores of parents and children alike with their unique illustrations and lovable characters. Perhaps one of his biggest fans would be Gregory Maguire, author of the hit novel, Wicked. Maguire enjoys Sendak's works so much that he was prompted to write a tributary book dedicated to Sendak's life and accomplishments, titled, Making Mischief: A Maurice Sendak Appreciation. Another famous author who lists Where the Wild Things Are as an early influence is the bestselling author, Jodi Picoult. According to her, the book was one of the first that she had ever read and loved.[11]

Personal life

Sendak mentioned in a September 2008 article in The New York Times that he is gay, and had lived with his partner, psychoanalyst Eugene Glynn for 50 years before Dr. Glynn’s death in May 2007. Revealing that he never told his parents, he said, "All I wanted was to be straight so my parents could be happy. They never, never, never knew."[12] Sendak's relationship with Glynn had been mentioned by other writers before (e.g., Tony Kushner in 2003).[13]

In an interview on NPR's Fresh Air, Sendak said that his depiction of the cooks in In the Night Kitchen (they had Hitler-esque mustaches) and the fact that they tried to cook the boy in their ovens were references to the Holocaust, a subject high in his thoughts especially due to his Jewish heritage.[14]

Collection

Sendak chose the Rosenbach Museum & Library in Philadelphia, PA to be the repository for his work in the early 1970s thanks to shared literary and collecting interests. His collection of nearly 10,000 works of art, manuscripts, books and ephemera, has been the subject of many exhibitions at the Rosenbach, seen by visitors of all ages. Sendak once praised Herman Melville’s writings, saying, “There’s a mystery there, a clue, a nut, a bolt, and if I put it together, I find me.” From May 6, 2008, through May 3, 2009, the Rosenbach presented There’s a Mystery There: Sendak on Sendak. This major retrospective of over 130 pieces pulled from the museum’s vast Sendak collection—the biggest collection of Sendakiana in the world—is the largest and most ambitious exhibition of Sendak’s work ever created and is now a traveling exhibition. It features original artwork, rare sketches, never-before-seen working materials, and exclusive interview footage. The exhibition draws on a total of over 300 objects, providing a unique experience with each set of illustrations.

Exhibition highlights include the following:

  • Original color artwork from books such as Where the Wild Things Are, In the Night Kitchen, The Nutshell Library, Outside Over There, and Brundibar.
  • “Dummy” books filled with lively preliminary sketches for titles like The Sign on Rosie’s Door, Pierre, and Higglety, Pigglety, Pop!
  • Never-before-seen working materials, such as newspaper clippings that inspired Sendak, family portraits, photographs of child models and other ephemera.
  • Rare sketches for unpublished editions of stories such as Tolkien’s The Hobbit and Henry James’ The Turn of the Screw, and other illustrating projects.
  • Unique materials from the Rosenbach collection that relate to Sendak’s work, including an 1853 edition of the tales of the Brothers Grimm, sketches by William Blake, and Herman Melville’s bookcase.
  • Stories told by the illustrator himself on topics like Alice in Wonderland, his struggle to illustrate his favorite novels, hilarious stories of Brooklyn, and the way his work helps him exorcise childhood traumas.

Awards and honors

Maurice Sendak has been honored in North Hollywood, California, where an elementary school (from kindergarten to grade five) has been named after him.

Filmography

Bibliography

Author

  • Kenny's Window (1956)
  • Very Far Away (1957)
  • The Sign On Rosie's Door (1960)
  • The Nutshell Library (1962)
    • Chicken Soup with Rice (A Book of Months)
    • Alligators All Around (An Alphabet)
    • One Was Johnny (A Counting Book)
    • Pierre (A Cautionary Tale)
  • Where the Wild Things Are (1963)
  • Higglety Pigglety Pop!, Or: There Must be More to Life (1967) ISBN 0-06-028479-X
  • In the Night Kitchen (1970)
  • Ten Little Rabbits: A Counting Book With Mino The Magician (1970)
  • Some Swell Pup or Are You Sure You Want a Dog? (written by Maurice Sendak & Matthew Margolis and illustrated by Maurice Sendak) (1976)
  • Seven Little Monsters (1977)
  • Fantasy Sketches (1981)
  • Outside Over There (1981)
  • Singing Family of the Cumberlands (written by Jean Ritchie)
  • Hector Protector and As I Went Over the Water: Two Nursery Rhymes
  • Caldecott and Co: Notes on Books and Pictures (1988)
  • We Are All in the Dumps with Jack and Guy: Two Nursery Rhymes with Pictures (Harper Collins) (1993)
  • Maurice Sendak's Christmas Mystery (1995) (a box with a Book and a Jigsaw Puzzle)
  • Mommy? (Maurice Sendak's first Pop-up book) (2006) ISBN 0-439-88050-5

Illustrator

Collections

  • The Art Of Maurice Sendak (by Selma G. Lanes) (1980) ISBN 0810916002
  • The Art Of Maurice Sendak: From 1980 to the Present (by Tony Kushner) (2003) ISBN 0810944480
  • Making Mischief: A Maurice Sendak Appreciation (by Gregory Maguire) (2009) ISBN 0061689165

References

  1. ^ "Maurice Sendak Papers". Lib.usm.edu. http://www.lib.usm.edu/~degrum/html/research/findaids/DG0878f.html. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  2. ^ MercuryNews.com
  3. ^ "Sendak Raises The Shade On Childhood; Maurice Sendak Sendak says he's ... - Free Preview - The New York Times". Select.nytimes.com. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10E11F83555107A93C5A9178DD85F448785F9. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  4. ^ Patheos.com, Patheos on Maurice Sendak
  5. ^ Hulbert, Ann (2003-11-26). "Maurice Sendak's Brundibar. - By Ann Hulbert - Slate Magazine". Slate.com. http://www.slate.com/id/2091696/. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  6. ^ Ilan Stavans (ed.), Issac Bashevis Singer: An Album, The Library of America, 2004, pp. 70-71.
  7. ^ The ALA.org, 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 1990–1999, American Library Association
  8. ^ IMDb.com
  9. ^ Maurice Sendak on his father as a literary influence. Infloox.com
  10. ^ Maurice Sendak on his influences Infloox.com
  11. ^ Jodi Picoult on Maurice Sendak as an early influence Infloox.com
  12. ^ Cohen, Patricia, The New York Times (September 9, 2008). "Concerns Beyond Just Where the Wild Things Are". http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/10/arts/design/10sendak.html. 
  13. ^ "Tony Kushner celebrates Maurice Sendak, an old friend | Books". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2003/dec/06/booksforchildrenandteenagers. Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  14. ^ NPR.org NPR interview originally aired 30 October 2003 and repeated 12 September 2008
  15. ^ a b c d "Also by Maurice Sendak," Where the Wild Things Are (Harper Trophy 25th Anniversary Edition, 1984)
  16. ^ Lifetime Honors - National Medal of Arts
  17. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1509268/
  18. ^ Frenette, Brad (February 16, 2010). "Montreal filmmakers team up with Spike Jonze and NFB for new Sendak short". The Ampersand (National Post). http://network.nationalpost.com/NP/blogs/theampersand/archive/2010/02/16/montreal-filmmakers-team-up-with-spike-jonze-and-nfb-for-new-sendak-short.aspx. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Maurice Bernard Sendak (born 1928-06-10) is an American writer and illustrator of children's literature.

Sourced

  • And when he came to the place where the wild things are, they roared their terrible roars and gnashed their terrible teeth and rolled their terrible eyes and showed their terrible claws till Max said, "Be still" and tamed them with the magic trick of staring into all their yellow eyes without blinking once. And they were frightened and called him the most wild thing of all and made him king of all wild things.
    • Where the Wild Things Are (1963)
  • Certainly we want to protect our children from new and painful experiences that are beyond their emotional comprehension and that intensify anxiety; and to a point we can prevent premature exposure to such experiences. That is obvious. But what is just as obvious — and what is too often overlooked — is the fact that from their earliest years children live on familiar terms with disrupting emotions, fear and anxiety are an intrinsic part of their everyday lives, they continually cope with frustrations as best they can. And it is through fantasy that children achieve catharsis. It is the best means they have for taming Wild Things.
    • Acceptance speech upon being awarded the Caldecott Medal for Where the Wild Things Are (1964), from Newbery and Caldecott Medal Books, 1956-65, ed. Lee Kingman (1965)
  • There must be more to life than having everything!
    • Higglety Pigglety Pop! or, There Must Be More to Life (1967)
  • I believe there is no part of our lives, our adult as well as child life, when we're not fantasizing, but we prefer to relegate fantasy to children, as though it were some tomfoolery only fit for the immature minds of the young. Children do live in fantasy and reality; they move back and forth very easily in a way we no longer remember how to do.
    • Quoted in Virginia Haviland, Questions to an Artist Who Is Also an Author: A Conversation between Maurice Sendak and Virginia Haviland (1972)
  • I wanted my wild things to be frightening. But why? It was probably at this point that I remembered how I detested my Brooklyn relatives as a small child. They came almost every Sunday, and there was my week-long anxiety about their coming the next Sunday... They'd lean way over with their bad teeth and hairy noses, and say something threatening like "You're so cute I could eat you up." And I knew if my mother didn't hurry up with the cooking, they probably would.
    • Quoted in The Art of Maurice Sendak by Selma G. Lanes (1980)
  • You cannot write for children... They're much too complicated. You can only write books that are of interest to them.
    • Quoted in Boston Globe interview (1987-01-04)
  • Children are tough, though we tend to think of them as fragile. They have to be tough. Childhood is not easy. We sentimentalize children, but they know what's real and what's not. They understand metaphor and symbol. If children are different from us, they are more spontaneous. Grown-up lives have become overlaid with dross.
  • We've educated children to think that spontaneity is inappropriate. Children are willing to expose themselves to experiences. We aren't. Grownups always say they protect their children, but they're really protecting themselves. Besides, you can't protect children. They know everything.
    • Quoted in Bernard Holland, "The Paternal Pride of Maurice Sendak", New York Times (1987-11-08)
  • One of the few graces of getting old — and God knows there are few graces — is that if you’ve worked hard and kept your nose to the grindstone, something happens: The body gets old but the creative mechanism is refreshed, smoothed and oiled and honed. That is the grace. That is the splendid grace. And I think that is what’s happening to me.
    • Quoted in Leonard S. Marcus, "Interview: Why Is Maurice Sendak So Incredibly Angry?," Parenting (October 1993); from Leonard S. Marcus, Ways of Telling: Conversations on the Art of the Picture Book (2002), p. 181
  • We're animals. We're violent. We're criminal. We're not so far away from the gorillas and the apes, those beautiful creatures. So, of course. And then, we're supposed to be civilized. We're supposed to go to work every day. We're supposed to be nice to our friends and send Christmas cards to our parents.

    We're supposed to do all these things which trouble us deeply because it's so against what we naturally would want to do. And if I've done anything, I've had kids express themselves as they are, impolitely, lovingly — they don't mean any harm. They just don't know what the right way is.

    And as it turns out sometimes the so-called "right way" is utterly the wrong way. What a monstrous confusion.

  • I wasn't gonna paint. And I wasn't gonna do ostentatious drawings. I wasn't gonna have gallery pictures. I was gonna hide somewhere where nobody would find me and express myself entirely. I'm like a guerrilla warfare in my best books.
    • Interview, "NOW with Bill Moyers," PBS (2004-03-12)
  • I often went to bed without supper 'cause I hated my mother's cooking. So, to go to bed without supper was not a torture to me. If she was gonna hurt me, she'd make me eat.
    • Interview, "NOW with Bill Moyers," PBS (2004-03-12)
  • The strangest thing... the fan mail I get from kids are asking me questions which they do not ask their mothers and fathers. Because if they had, why write to me, a perfect stranger?
    • Interview, "NOW with Bill Moyers," PBS (2004-03-12)
  • An illustrator in my own mind — and this is not a truth of any kind — is someone who so falls in love with writing that he wishes he had written it, and the closest he can get to is illustrating it. And the next thing you learn, you have to find something unique in this book, which perhaps even the author was not entirely aware of. And that’s what you hold on to, and that’s what you add to the pictures: a whole Other Story that you believe in, that you think is there.
  • When you hide another story in a story, that’s the story I am telling the children.
    • Quoted in an interview, "Sendak on Sendak," Rosenbach Museum & Library, Philadelphia (2007/2008)

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