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Mavoor
Mavoor
Location of Mavoor
in Kerala and India
Coordinates 11°15′35″N 75°56′55″E / 11.25972°N 75.94861°E / 11.25972; 75.94861
Country  India
State Kerala
District(s) Kozhikode
Population 27,843 (2001)
Sex ratio 1:1 /
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website www.mavoor.co.nr

Mavoor is the largest village of Kozhikode district in Kerala, India. It is 20 km away from Calicut city.

Contents

Etymology

The former name of Mavoor was Pulparambu. In earlier times, grass used to thatch houses was stored at Mavoor. (In malayalam 'pul' meaning grass/hay, 'parampu' meaning field).

Geography

Mavoor is 20 km east of Calicut city, beside the river Chaliyar.

The Grasim story

Until the 1960s, Mavoor was like any other village in Kerala. During the 1960s the industrial house of Birla established a factory named 'Gwalior Rayons' (later renamed as Grasim) at Mavoor for producing pulp and fibre. An integrated township with schools, hospital, Police station also came up. The arrival of Gwalior Rayons caused a rapid change in area.

See also K_A_Rahman#Eenvironmental_Movement_In_Kerala The First Environmental Movement In Kerala

In 1985 Grasim shut down for 3 years. The disruption caused to the local economy was significant. (11 suicides in Mavoor have been attributed to this.) In 1988, the Government of Kerala offered more concessions to the management and the factory was re-opened by the management.

The factory faced many protests since it was a significant contributor of pollutants to the area.. The management avoided the use of any pollution control measures, citing profitability concerns..

A large quantity of pollutants produced by Grasim ended up in the river Chaliyar which flows beside the factory. Environmental organizations started agitations focusing on this aspect of the factory. A series of labour strikes and heightened trade union was also witnessed at the plant. All these factors contributed to the shut down of Gwalior Rayons in 2002. The closure of factory caused loss of employment around 3000 people.

Control of the land is still vested with the Birla management. There is talk of a branch of the Birla Institute of Technology and Science(BITS) in Mavoor.

Culture

Many Temples, Mosques and Churches are situated in the nearby places. There have not been any communal problems reported from Mavoor until now. Mavoor Juma masjid, Kalchira Sree Narasimha moorthi kshethram, Christ the King Church, Little flower church etc are the major religious centers in Mavoor. Arts and sports clubs drive the cultural aspirations of people. The Mavoor Public Library is on the ground floor of the Grama Panchayath Office.

Climate

The district has a generally humid climate with a very hot season extending from March to May. The most important rainy season is during the South West Monsoon, which sets in the first week of June and extends up to September. In June,July season most of the places suffer threat of floods.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[1], Mavoor had a population of 27,843. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Mavoor has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 79%. In Mavoor, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Places of interest

Chaliyar Jalak:A water boating park for boating through the river Chaliyar.

Educational institutions

Some of the educational institutes are Mavoor GMUP school, GHSS Mavoor, Mahlara Public school, Cresent English school, St.Mary's English Medium school, Aduvad AUP school, GUP school, Arayancode ALP school, ALP School Kanniparamba.

References

External links


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