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Max Ibel
1 January 1896(1896-01-01) – 19 March 1981 (aged 85)
Place of birth Munich
Place of death Munich
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany(to 1945)
West Germany West Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1915-1945, 1957-1961
Rank Generalmajor (Wehrmacht)
Brigadegeneral (Bundeswehr)
Commands held JG 3, JG 27
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Other work Bundeswehr

Max Ibel (1 January 1896 in Munich – 19 March 1981 in Munich) is credited among others as one of the creators of the Luftwaffe. Ibel organized JG 27 and led it successfully during the Battle of France. He received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross August 22, 1940, three months later he was given a staff position. In June 1941 Bernhard Woldenga succeeded Ibel as Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 27 and he in turn was replaced by Wolfgang Schellman. During the last two years of the War Ibel was Komandeur of 2. Jagd-Division and at the very end of the War he became inspector of Jet operations.



  • "Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939-45". Max Ibel. Retrieved 12 December 2007.  
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 - 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 3-87341-065-6.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
Military offices
Preceded by
Commander of Jagdgeschwader 3 Udet
May 1, 1939 – September 26, 1939
Succeeded by
Oberleutnant Karl Vieck
Preceded by
Commander of Jagdgeschwader 27 Afrika
October 1, 1939 – October 10, 1940
Succeeded by
Major Bernhard Woldenga
Preceded by
Oberst Werner Junck
Commander of Jagdfliegerführer 3
June 6, 1941 – December, 1941
Succeeded by
Major Karl Hentschel
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Walter Schwabedissen
Commander of 2. Jagd-Division
October 1, 1943 – February 1, 1945
Succeeded by
Oberst Gustav Rödel
Preceded by
Commander of 1. Luftwaffendivision (Bundeswehr)
1 October 1957 – 30 September 1961
Succeeded by
Brigadegeneral Herrmann Aldinger


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