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.The Maya calendar is a system of calendars and almanacs used by the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and by some modern Maya communities in highland Guatemala and Oaxaca, Mexico.^ We also note that this calendar is still being used by some cultures in the highlands of Guatemala!
  • 2012hoax: Mayan Prediction 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012hoax.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Tzolk'in is still in use by several Maya communities in the Guatemalan highlands.
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mayan calendar is actually a system of distinct calendars and almanacs used by the Maya civilization of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, and by some modern Maya communities in highland Guatemala.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The essentials of the Maya calendric system are based upon a system which had been in common use throughout the region, dating back to at least the 6th century BC. It shares many aspects with calendars employed by other earlier Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Zapotec and Olmec, and contemporary or later ones such as the Mixtec and Aztec calendars.^ Olmec monuments have been found dating back to the 10th and 9th centuries BC and Zapotec ones 300 years later...
  • Seachild: Atlantean Civilization: Mayan Civilization 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.seachild.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Aztec calendar is based on the system of timekeeping developed by the ancient Maya.
  • | Mayan Calendar Timekeeper 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC mayan2012calendar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This question has two aspects: (1) What day was used by the Mayas as the base date?
  • Maya calendar | Cela's Blog | TheosEra, Spiritual Life 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.theosera.com [Source type: General]
  • .:. Maya Calendar .:. ASTRAL TRAVELER .:. 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.astraltraveler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although the Mesoamerican calendar did not originate with the Maya, their subsequent extensions and refinements of it were the most sophisticated.^ The Mayan Calendar The Mayan Calendar was not the original Mesoamerican calendar, but with the refinements the Mayans made, it became the most sophisticated.
  • Mayan Culture | Cancun.travel 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC cancun.travel [Source type: General]

^ Most Read about Maya Calendar .

^ Although the Mayan Calendar did not originate from the Maya but the Olmec, it was the Maya that gave it its refinements and extensions.

.Along with those of the Aztecs, the Maya calendars are the best-documented and most completely understood.^ What does this Aztec calendar have to do with a Maya prophesy?
  • 2012... The End of the World? | Science Buzz 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.sciencebuzz.org [Source type: News]

^ The Aztecs had inherited their calendar from the Maya.
  • Atlantis Rising - Astrology: THE MAYAN CALENDAR MYSTERY by KATHIE GARCIA 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC atlantisrising.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most Read about Maya Calendar .

.By the Maya mythological tradition, as documented in Colonial Yucatec accounts and reconstructed from Late Classic and Postclassic inscriptions, the deity Itzamna is frequently credited with bringing the knowledge of the calendar system to the ancestral Maya, along with writing in general and other foundational aspects of Maya culture.^ What other number systems have been used for calendars?
  • Ancient Observatories: Chichén Itzá 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.exploratorium.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya calendar was unlike any other.
  • Mayan Calendar, Astronomy, Mayan Calendar 2012 – EncycloMedia.com 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.encyclomedia.com [Source type: General]

^ By the Maya mythological tradition, as documented in Colonial Yucatec accounts and reconstructed from Late Classic and Postclassic inscriptions, the deity Itzamna is frequently credited with bringing the knowledge of the calendar system to the ancestral Maya, along with writing in general and other foundational aspects of Maya culture [1] .
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]

Contents

Overview

.The most important of these calendars is the one with a period of 260 days.^ The Tzolk'in is the most important and influencial of the calendars.
  • Maya calendar | Cela's Blog | TheosEra, Spiritual Life 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.theosera.com [Source type: General]
  • .:. Maya Calendar .:. ASTRAL TRAVELER .:. 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.astraltraveler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of these affects 360-day periods right now.
  • MAGICAL MELODY: HAPPY SIXTH DAY - MAYAN CALENDAR CHANGE! 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.newciv.org [Source type: General]

^ A period of 260 days brought the calendar back to 1 Imix.

.This 260-day calendar was prevalent across all Mesoamerican societies, and is of great antiquity (almost certainly the oldest of the calendars).^ A 260 day calendar.
  • The Mayan Calendar ends in 2012!! 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The human calendar has 260 day cycles.

^ This 260-day calendar was prevalent across all Mesoamerican societies, and is of great antiquity (almost certainly the oldest of the calendars).
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • X-TRAS: Maya Calendar 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.pnyv.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is still used in some regions of Oaxaca, and by the Maya communities of the Guatemalan highlands.^ The Tzolk'in is still in use by several Maya communities in the Guatemalan highlands.
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (In some regions of Guatemala and Mexico they are still in use today.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is still used in some regions of Oaxaca, and amongst the Maya communities of the Guatemalan highlands.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • X-TRAS: Maya Calendar 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.pnyv.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Maya version is commonly known to scholars as the Tzolkin, or Tzolk'in in the revised orthography of the Academia de las Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala.^ The Maya version is commonly known to scholars as the Tzolkin, or Tzolk'in in the revised orthography of the Academia de las Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala[2].
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This calendar is commonly known by scholars as the Tzolkin.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya version is commonly known to scholars as the Tzolkin , or Tzolk'in in the revised orthography of the Academia de las Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala [2] .
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .The Tzolk'in is combined with another 365-day calendar (known as the Haab, or Haab' ), to form a synchronized cycle lasting for 52 Haabs, called the Calendar Round.^ The first calendar is known as the Tzolk'in .
  • Mayan Calendar@Everything2.com 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The combined use of these calendars creates a cycle of 52 Haabs (52 years) and is referred to as the Calendar Round.
  • Mayan Calendar, 2012, Mayan Prophecy, 2012 Apocalypse, End of Days, Bible Prophecy, Conspiracy Theory, Illuminati, New World Order, End World, Doomsday, End Times, 2012 End World, End of the World 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012endofdays.org [Source type: News]

^ The total 52-year Calendar Round is 18,980-days.
  • Mesoamerican Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.timeemits.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Smaller cycles of 13 days (the trecena) and 20 days (the veintena) were important components of the Tzolk'in and Haab' cycles, respectively.^ The Tzolk'in is a cycle of 260 days and the Haab is a cycle of 365 days.
  • Maya calendar | Cela's Blog | TheosEra, Spiritual Life 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.theosera.com [Source type: General]
  • .:. Maya Calendar .:. ASTRAL TRAVELER .:. 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.astraltraveler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So why is the 260-day cycle so important?
  • Introduction to the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The thirteenth day of the cycle is 13 Reed.
  • The Sacred Round 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.johnpratt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A different form of calendar was used to track longer periods of time, and for the inscription of calendar dates (i.e., identifying when one event occurred in relation to others).^ A different form of calendar was used to track longer periods of time, and for the inscription of calendar dates, such as identifying when one event occurred in relation to others.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To record dates for longer periods the Long Count was used.
  • Calendopaedia - Mayan Calenders 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another calendar used to track longer periods of time is referred to as the Long Count.
  • Mayan Calendar, 2012, Mayan Prophecy, 2012 Apocalypse, End of Days, Bible Prophecy, Conspiracy Theory, Illuminati, New World Order, End World, Doomsday, End Times, 2012 End World, End of the World 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012endofdays.org [Source type: News]

.This form, known as the Long Count, is based upon the number of elapsed days since a mythological starting-point.^ This is a count of the number of days since they believed that the world had begun.
  • Calendopaedia - Mayan Calenders 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya Long Count system uses a base 20 number system.
  • NOVA Online | Teachers | Classroom Activity | Lost King of the Maya | PBS 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Long Count is represent ing the number of days since the start of the Mayan era .
  • Mayan Calendar@Everything2.com 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .According to the correlation between the Long Count and Western calendars accepted by the great majority of Maya researchers (known as the GMT correlation), this starting-point is equivalent to August 11, 3114 BC in the proleptic Gregorian calendar or 6 September in the Julian calendar (−3113 astronomical).^ For the Mayan long count calendar, that day was August 11, 3114 BC. .
  • 2012hoax: Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012hoax.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The count of days which starts at August 11, 3114 BC, was first derived by Joseph Goodman in 1905.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For this reason, it is sometimes known as the Maya (or Mayan ) Long Count calendar .
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Goodman-Martinez-Thompson correlation was chosen by Thompson in 1935 on the basis of earlier correlations by Joseph Goodman in 1905 (August 11), Juan Martínez Hernández in 1926 (August 12), and John Eric Sydney Thompson in 1927 (August 13).^ In 1935 Thompson revised his calculation to August 11.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (This is based on the August 11 correlation of Thompson.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Goodman-Martinez-Thompson correlation was chosen by Thompson in 1935 based on earlier correlations by Joseph Goodman in 1905 (11 August), Juan Martínez Hernández in 1926 (12 August), and John Eric Sydney Thompson in 1927 (13 August) [4] [5] By its linear nature, the Long Count was capable of being extended to refer to any date far into the future (or past).
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4][5] .By its linear nature, the Long Count was capable of being extended to refer to any date far into the future (or past).^ The Tun or Long Count used to identify past and future events.
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This form, known as the Long Count , is based upon the number of elapsed days since a mythical starting point, and was capable of being extended to refer to any date far into the future.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Long Count date.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC survive2012.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Mayan Calendar a revelation The amazing things about the Mayan Calendar are: 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.infiniteplaythemovie.com [Source type: General]
  • History of Mayan Culture, Gods of Maya - 2012 Mayan Calender 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC churchofcriticalthinking.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This calendar involved the use of a positional notation system, in which each position signified an increasing multiple of the number of days.^ The Long Count calendar involved the use of a positional notation system, in which each position signified an increasing multiple of the number of days.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This calendar involved the use of a positional notation system, in which each position signified an increasing multiple of the number of days.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was the system used for calendars.
  • Mayan mathematics 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.gap-system.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Maya numeral system was essentially vigesimal (i.e., base-20), and each unit of a given position represented 20 times the unit of the position which preceded it.^ The Maya number system was a base twenty system.
  • Mayan mathematics 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.gap-system.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya Long Count system uses a base 20 number system.
  • NOVA Online | Teachers | Classroom Activity | Lost King of the Maya | PBS 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They used a vigesimal numbering system, that is one to the base of 20.
  • Calendopaedia - Mayan Calenders 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An important exception was made for the second-order place value, which instead represented 18 × 20, or 360 days, more closely approximating the solar year than would 20 × 20 = 400 days.^ The solar calendar is composed of 18 months of 20 days.
  • Guatemala Lessons 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.worldtrek.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Year Generation Cycle = 2 x 400-year-Baktun-cycles of 360-days each .
  • Mesoamerican Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.timeemits.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tuns are 'years' of 360 days.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It should be noted however that the cycles of the Long Count are independent of the solar year.^ Tun-year Long Count.
  • Ages of Adam Test 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.timeemits.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tun-year Long Count .
  • Ages of Adam Test 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.timeemits.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each of the cycles was 52 years long.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many Maya Long Count inscriptions are supplemented by a Lunar Series, which provides information on the lunar phase and position of the Moon in a half-yearly cycle of lunations.^ The Mayan lunar series or supplementary series evidences that moon glyphs tracked phases and cycles.
  • Sumerian 18 Sign Zodiac and Mayan Calendar 360-Day-Tun-Years 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.timeemits.com [Source type: General]

^ Many Maya Long Count inscriptions are supplemented by what is known as the Lunar Series , another calendar form which provides information on the lunar phase and position of the Moon in a half-yearly cycle of lunations.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maya 'Long Count' calendar .
  • 2012 fears are down for Maya 'Long Count' calendar - USATODAY.com 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

.A 584-day Venus cycle was also maintained, which tracked the heliacal risings of Venus as the morning and evening stars.^ A 584-day Venus cycle was also maintained, which tracked the appearance and conjunctions of Venus as the morning and evening stars.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There was also a 584 day Venus cycle calendar that was used and maintained.
  • Mayan Calendar 12 21 2012 Long Count Countdown December, Baktun Katun End, Aztec 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC umsonline.org [Source type: General]

^ The 584 days relates to the orbit of Venus.
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many events in this cycle were seen as being astrologically inauspicious and baleful, and occasionally warfare was astrologically timed to coincide with stages in this cycle.^ Many events in this cycle were seen as being inauspicious and baleful, and occasionally warfare was timed (using electional astrology) to coincide with stages in this cycle.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many events in this cycle were seen as being inauspicious and baleful, and occasionally warfare was timed to coincide with stages in this cycle.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Events and ceremonies would be timed to coincide with auspicious dates, and avoid inauspicious ones (Coe 1992, Miller and Taube 1993).
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other, less-prevalent or poorly understood cycles, combinations and calendar progressions were also tracked.^ They also had other calendars for other purposes, such as tracking the cycles of Venus.
  • 2012hoax: Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012hoax.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other, less-prevalent or poorly-understood cycles, combinations and calendar progressions were also tracked.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other cycle in the Gregorian calendar is the month cycle .
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

.An 819-day Count is attested in a few inscriptions.^ An 819-day count is attested in a few inscriptions; repeating sets of 9- and 13-day intervals associated with different groups of deities, animals and other significant concepts are also known.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a count of days from the Maya base date of 0.0.0.0.0.  Most of the long count dates which occur in the stone inscriptions have a baktun count of 9.
  • Maya calendar | Cela's Blog | TheosEra, Spiritual Life 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.theosera.com [Source type: General]

^ LONG COUNT GENERATOR Gregorian or Julian dates converted to long count, Julian & Haab, plus night lord, "819-day cycle position", & relevant direction & colour.

.Repeating sets of 9-day and 13-day intervals associated with different groups of deities, animals, and other significant concepts are also known.^ The days are numbered in groups from 1 to 13.
  • Ancient Mayan Astrology Pendants - Inner Voice Designs - Spiritual Jewelry gifts related to the Mayan glyphs and Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.innervoicedesigns.com [Source type: General]

^ The days were designated in groups of 13.
  • Atlantis Rising - Astrology: THE MAYAN CALENDAR MYSTERY by KATHIE GARCIA 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC atlantisrising.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An 819-day count is attested in a few inscriptions; repeating sets of 9- and 13-day intervals associated with different groups of deities, animals and other significant concepts are also known.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Maya concepts of time

.With the development of the place-notational Long Count calendar (believed to have been inherited from other Mesoamerican cultures), the Maya had an elegant system with which events could be recorded in a linear relationship to one another, and also with respect to the calendar ("linear time") itself.^ Another calendar was thus devised, called the Long Count .
  • Civilization.ca - Mystery of the Maya - Maya calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.civilization.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • CMCC - Mystery of the Maya - Maya calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.mc.maricopa.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Aztec calendar is based on the system of timekeeping developed by the ancient Maya.
  • | Mayan Calendar Timekeeper 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC mayan2012calendar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mayans then developed their own calendar (The Long Count) ca.

.In theory, this system could readily be extended to delineate any length of time desired, by simply adding to the number of higher-order place markers used (and thereby generating an ever-increasing sequence of day-multiples, each day in the sequence uniquely identified by its Long Count number).^ Finally we get to day number 359, with Long Count 0.0.0.17.19.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ The Maya employed this counting system to track an unbroken sequence of days from the time it was inaugurated.

^ Thus each day was individually identified with a unique combination of name and number.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In practice, most Maya Long Count inscriptions confine themselves to noting only the first five coefficients in this system (a b'ak'tun-count), since this was more than adequate to express any historical or current date (20 b'ak'tuns cover 7,885 solar years).^ Only the first five of these units of time were usually used in the Long Count.
  • Astronomy Answers: Historical Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Long Count works on a base 20 system.
  • NOVA Online | Teachers | Classroom Activity | Lost King of the Maya | PBS 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He paints no more than five paintings a year so to have one of his paintings is to have a rarity.

.Even so, example inscriptions exist which noted or implied lengthier sequences, indicating that the Maya well understood a linear (past-present-future) conception of time.^ Even so, example inscriptions exist which noted or implied lengthier sequences, indicating that the Maya well understood a linear (past-present-future) conception of time.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They interpreted past, future and present with it.
  • The Mayan Astrological Calendar: How Ancient Meso-Americans Used Astrology 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC astrological-year.suite101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Mayan Calendar - Folklore and Mythology 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.bellaonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Mayan Calendar - Folklore and Mythology 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.bellaonline.com [Source type: General]

^ This includes enough additional base 20 components to write dates millions of years in the past or future, even though no such dates actually occur in the Mayan inscriptions, just contemporary dates with more digits in front of them.

.However, and in common with other Mesoamerican societies, the repetition of the various calendric cycles, the natural cycles of observable phenomena, and the recurrence and renewal of death-rebirth imagery in their mythological traditions were important and pervasive influences upon Maya societies.^ This was an important cycle to the Maya.
  • Introduction to the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, and in common with other Mesoamerican societies, the repetition of the various calendric cycles, the natural cycles of observable phenomena, and the recurrence and renewal of death-rebirth imagery in their mythological traditions were important and pervasive influences upon Maya societies.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya closely studied the Venus cycles as symbols of death and rebirth.
  • The Mayan Calendar and the Transformation of Consciousness--Intuitive-Connections Network 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.intuitive-connections.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This conceptual view, in which the "cyclical nature" of time is highlighted, was a pre-eminent one, and many rituals were concerned with the completion and re-occurrences of various cycles.^ By watching the timing of natural cycles.
  • Ian Xel Lungold Decodes Mayan Calendar of Destiny 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.awarenessmag.com [Source type: General]

^ This conceptual view, in which the "cyclical nature" of time is highlighted, was a pre-eminent one, and many rituals were concerned with the completion and re-occurrences of various cycles.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Milpa farming itself, which is dependent on a holistic view of one's activities since the cultivated plot keeps moving, seems to have been the foundational basis of the Mayan religion and the Mayan concern with time.
  • The Mayas 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.wsu.edu:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As the particular calendaric configurations were once again repeated, so too were the "supernatural" influences with which they were associated.^ Believing that time repeated itself in cycles, they devised two calendars, one ritualistic, which was used for religious celebrations and astrological predictions, and the other a solar calendar.
  • Honduras Mayan Ruins 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.dirla.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would say that almost all other calendars, they are related to the particular rhythms of astronomical cycles: of the sun, and the moon, and the earth, and how they are related.
  • Mayan Calendar and Transforming Consciousness 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.theatreofthemind.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Actions of doubling and halving time interval tools discovered from associated calendars yield a repeating order.
  • Mesoamerican Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.timeemits.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus it was held that particular calendar configurations had a specific "character" to them, which would influence events on days exhibiting that configuration.^ Thus it was held that particular calendar configurations had a specific "character" to them, which would influence events on days exhibiting that configuration.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What would we call that day in the Gregorian calendar?
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ The first day on this calendar would be 1 Imix.

.Divinations could then be made from the auguries associated with a certain configuration, since events taking place on some future date would be subject to the same influences as its corresponding previous cycle dates.^ Many cycles begin on that same date.

^ The larger wheels of the Mayan calendar will be discussed in future installments, and we will talk then about the Winter Solstice A.D. 2012 end-date of the Mayan Great Cycle, an event that will happen, for many of us, in our lifetimes.
  • Mayan Daysign Astrology 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.planetpapp.com [Source type: General]

^ Since this is due to take place on the winter solstice, this should provide clear evidence that the proper end day of the Mayan calendar is December 21, 2012.
  • Mayan Calendar, 2012, Mayan Prophecy, 2012 Apocalypse, End of Days, Bible Prophecy, Conspiracy Theory, Illuminati, New World Order, End World, Doomsday, End Times, 2012 End World, End of the World 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012endofdays.org [Source type: News]

.Events and ceremonies would be timed to coincide with auspicious dates, and avoid inauspicious ones.^ This date also coincides with a major astronomical event.
  • mayan calendar Resources | ZDNet 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC updates.zdnet.com [Source type: General]

^ Events and ceremonies would be timed to coincide with auspicious dates, and avoid inauspicious ones (Coe 1992, Miller and Taube 1993).
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Featuring all DateUtils routines, calendar events, database date/time fields and some astronomical stuff.
  • bMayaCal - Mayan Calendar Utility | Get bMayaCal - Mayan Calendar Utility at SourceForge.net 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC sourceforge.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.The completion of significant calendar cycles ("period endings"), such as a k'atun-cycle, were often marked by the erection and dedication of specific monuments (mostly stela inscriptions, but sometimes twin-pyramid complexes such as those in Tikal and Yaxha), commemorating the completion, accompanied by dedicatory ceremonies.^ Its the end of the Mayan Calendar, the end of cycles.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The Mayan Calendar is the end of a CYCLE of time, NOT the end of time.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The completion of significant calendar cycles ("period endings"), such as a k'atun -cycle, were often marked by the erection and dedication of specific monuments such as twin-pyramid complexes such those in Tikal and Yaxha, but (mostly in stela inscriptions) commemorating the completion, accompanied by dedicatory ceremonies.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A cyclical interpretation is also noted in Maya creation accounts, in which the present world and the humans in it were preceded by other worlds (one to five others, depending on the tradition) which were fashioned in various forms by the gods, but subsequently destroyed.^ The Yucatán probably has one of the most varied cuisines in the Maya World.
  • Honduras Mayan Ruins 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.dirla.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Church insists their “God” created the world.
  • Emergent Culture – The Mayan Calendar and Dec. 21, 2012: The Facts, the Fiction and the Marvels 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC emergent-culture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A cyclical interpretation is also noted in Maya creation accounts, in which the present world and the humans in it were preceded by other worlds (one to five others, depending on the tradition) which were fashioned in various forms by the gods, but subsequently destroyed.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The present world also had a tenuous existence, requiring the supplication and offerings of periodic sacrifice to maintain the balance of continuing existence.^ The present world also had a tenuous existence, requiring the supplication and offerings of periodic sacrifice to maintain the balance of continuing existence.
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These messages offer tools to release fear, change behaviors and to maintain a sense of balance in each moment.
  • Mayan Calendar | blog.2012pro.com 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC blog.2012pro.com [Source type: General]

^ Correlation of world events to the periods of the Mayan Calendar What is the significance of this Calendar to the present time?
  • A Synopsis of the Presentation of the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.wise-technology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Similar themes are found in the creation accounts of other Mesoamerican societies.^ Similar themes are found in the creation accounts of other Mesoamerican societies (Miller and Taube, 1993:68-71).
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki Wikia Lifestyle Create a new wiki Log in Create an account Calendar Wiki Edit this page History Share this article Article Discussion .
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These are based on a mathmatical system using multiples of 20, distinguishign them from other Mesoamericans who created calendars.
  • The Mayan Astrological Calendar: How Ancient Meso-Americans Used Astrology 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC astrological-year.suite101.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Mayan Calendar - Folklore and Mythology 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.bellaonline.com [Source type: General]

[7]

Tzolk'in

.The tzolk'in (in modern Maya orthography; also commonly written tzolkin) is the name commonly employed by Mayanist researchers for the Maya Sacred Round or 260-day calendar.^ The Tzolk'in is the Sacred calendar of the Maya and is based on the cycles of the Pleiadies.
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan calendar and prophecies, page 3 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC lost-civilizations.net [Source type: General]

^ The Tzolkin calendar is a 260 day calendar with 20 specific days with specific names each month, of which there were 13 months.
  • Mayan Calendar 12 21 2012 Long Count Countdown December, Baktun Katun End, Aztec 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC umsonline.org [Source type: General]

^ It consisted of a 365-day agricultural calendar, as well as a 260-day sacred calendar.
  • The Mayan Calendar | Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.webexhibits.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The word tzolk'in is a neologism coined in Yucatec Maya, to mean "count of days" (Coe 1992).^ Tzolk'in in Mayan means "sequence of days."
  • Maya calendar | Cela's Blog | TheosEra, Spiritual Life 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.theosera.com [Source type: General]

^ This component of the CR is known as the 260-day count and is often refered to as the Tzolk'in ––a Yucatec word meaning count of days.

^ Maya day names & approximate meanings .
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC pages.intnet.mu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The various names of this calendar as used by Precolumbian Maya peoples are still debated by scholars.^ The Maya used several calendars simultaneously.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Copernicus still used the Egyptian calendar !
  • Astronomy Answers: Historical Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The actual names of this calendar as used by the pre-Columbian Maya are not known.
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Aztec calendar equivalent was called Tonalpohualli, in the Nahuatl language.^ The corresponding Postclassic Aztec calendar, probably based on extinct central Mexican observance, was called by them tonalpohualli, in the Nahuatl language.
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It would be more forthcoming of Calleman to call his system 'reformulated nahuatl' or something to the effect, rather than 'The Mayan Calendar' which it is not.
  • Amazon.com: The Mayan Calendar and the Transformation of Consciousness (9781591430285): Carl Johan Calleman: Books 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Mayan Calendar end is 12 21 2012 called the Long Count Countdown December, Dec, 20 Baktun=1 Katun, Kin=1 day Aztec.
  • Mayan Calendar 12 21 2012 Long Count Countdown December, Baktun Katun End, Aztec 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC umsonline.org [Source type: General]

.The tzolk'in calendar combines twenty day names with the thirteen numbers of the trecena cycle to produce 260 unique days.^ Each day is named by its number and day-sign, thus giving a total of 260 unique days.
  • Introduction to the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus each day was individually identified with a unique combination of name and number.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each day in the cycle is identified by both a day number and a day name glyph.
  • Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is used to determine the time of religious and ceremonial events and for divination.^ The Tzolkin calendar, for religious or ceremonial use.
  • The Straight Dope: Does the Mayan calendar predict the end of the world in 2012? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.straightdope.com [Source type: General]

^ Events and ceremonies would be timed to coincide with auspicious dates, and avoid inauspicious ones (Coe 1992, Miller and Taube 1993).
  • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya used their calendars to help determine the best times to plant crops, attack enemies, or crown new rulers.
  • Mayan Predictions - Unexplained Mysteries Discussion Forums 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.unexplained-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Each successive day is numbered from 1 up to 13 and then starting again at 1. Separately from this, every day is given a name in sequence from a list of 20 day names:
Tzolk'in calendar: named days and associated glyphs
Seq.
No. 1
Day
Name 2
Glyph
example 3
16th C.
Yucatec 4
reconstructed
Classic Maya 5
Seq.
No. 1
Day
Name 2
Glyph
example 3
16th C.
Yucatec 4
reconstructed
Classic Maya 5
01 Imix' MAYA-g-log-cal-D01-Imix.png Imix Imix (?) / Ha' (?) 11 Chuwen MAYA-g-log-cal-D11-Chuwen.png Chuen (unknown)
02 Ik' MAYA-g-log-cal-D02-Ik.png Ik Ik' 12 Eb' MAYA-g-log-cal-D12-Eb.png Eb (unknown)
03 Ak'b'al MAYA-g-log-cal-D03-Akbal.png Akbal Ak'b'al (?) 13 B'en MAYA-g-log-cal-D13-Ben.png Ben (unknown)
04 K'an MAYA-g-log-cal-D04-Kan.png Kan K'an (?) 14 Ix MAYA-g-log-cal-D14-Ix.png Ix Hix (?)
05 Chikchan MAYA-g-log-cal-D05-Chikchan.png Chicchan (unknown) 15 Men MAYA-g-log-cal-D15-Men.png Men (unknown)
06 Kimi MAYA-g-log-cal-D06-Kimi.png Cimi Cham (?) 16 K'ib' MAYA-g-log-cal-D16-Kib.png Cib (unknown)
07 Manik' MAYA-g-log-cal-D07-Manik.png Manik Manich' (?) 17 Kab'an MAYA-g-log-cal-D17-Kaban.png Caban Chab' (?)
08 Lamat MAYA-g-log-cal-D08-Lamat.png Lamat Ek' (?) 18 Etz'nab' MAYA-g-log-cal-D18-Etznab.png Etznab (unknown)
09 Muluk MAYA-g-log-cal-D09-Muluk.png Muluc (unknown) 19 Kawak MAYA-g-log-cal-D19-Kawak.png Cauac (unknown)
10 Ok MAYA-g-log-cal-D10-Ok.png Oc (unknown) 20 Ajaw MAYA-g-log-cal-D20-Ajaw.png Ahau Ajaw
.
NOTES:
  1. The sequence number of the named day in the Tzolk'in calendar
  2. Day name, in the standardised and revised orthography of the Guatemalan Academia de Lenguas Mayas[2]
  3. An example glyph (logogram) for the named day.^ The day numbers, glyphs and names are : ( Back to Text ) .

    ^ The Maya version is commonly known to scholars as the Tzolkin, or Tzolk'in in the revised orthography of the Academia de las Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala[2].
    • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Haab' and the Tzolk'in calendars identified and named the days, but not the years.
    • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Note that for most of these several different forms are recorded; the ones shown here are typical of carved monumental inscriptions (these are "cartouche" versions)
  4. Day name, as recorded from 16th century Yukatek Maya accounts, principally Diego de Landa; this orthography has (until recently) been widely used
  5. In most cases, the actual day name as spoken in the time of the Classic Period (ca.^ Note that for most of these several different forms are recorded; the ones shown here are typical of carved monumental inscriptions (these are " cartouche " versions) Day name, as recorded from 16th century Yukatek Maya accounts, principally Diego de Landa ; this orthography has (until recently) been widely used In most cases, the actual day name as spoken in the time of the Classic Period (c.
    • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In most cases, the civil and religious calendar do not differ by more than one day.
    • Sacramento Peak: Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.nso.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ These are the Mayan words for periods of time: .
    • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Mayan Prophecies and Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .200–900) when most inscriptions were made is not known.^ Many such blocks are arranged in a rectilinear grid that provides the spatial framework for most of the known inscriptions.
    • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Many inscriptions from the Classical age of Maya civilization (200-900 AD) record the age of the moon, the number of days elapsed since new moon.

    .The versions given here (in Classic Maya, the main language of the inscriptions) are reconstructed on the basis of phonological evidence, if available; a '?' symbol indicates the reconstruction is tentative.^ The versions given here (in Classic Maya , the main language of the inscriptions) are reconstructed based on phonological evidence, if available; a '?'
    • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The versions given here (in Classical Maya, the main language of the inscriptions) are reconstructed based on phonological comparisons; a '?'
    •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Even so, example inscriptions exist which noted or implied lengthier sequences, indicating that the Maya well understood a linear (past-present-future) conception of time.
    • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Mayan Calendar | The Ascendancy and the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.johnweiskopf.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [8]
.Some systems started the count with 1 Imix', followed by 2 Ik', 3 Ak'b'al, etc.^ Some systems started the count with 1 Imix', followed by 2 Ik', 3 Ak'b'al, etc.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The system started with 1 Imix', which was followed by 2 Ik', 3 Ak'b'al and so on up to 13 B'en.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another 12.19.19.17.19 will occur on December 20 2012 , followed by the start of the thirteenth b'ak'tun, 13.0.0.0.0, on December 21 , 2012 .
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

up to 13 B'en. .The trecena day numbers then start again at 1 while the named-day sequence continues onwards, so the next days in the sequence are 1 Ix, 2 Men, 3 K'ib', 4 Kab'an, 5 Etz'nab', 6 Kawoq, and 7 Ajau.^ It combines the numbers from 1 through 13 with a sequence of 20 day-names.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Next in the sequence is a 1 followed by another number 1.
  • 2012 Mayan Calendar Are You Ready for 5D Earth 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.maya12-21-2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The days are numbered one through 13, and the names are also given in sequence.
  • Howstuffworks "How the Mayan Calendar Works" 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With all twenty named days used, these now began to repeat the cycle while the number sequence continues, so the next day after 7 Ajaw is 8 Imix'. The repetition of these interlocking 13- and 20-day cycles therefore takes 260 days to complete (that is, for every possible combination of number/named day to occur once).^ Yet, it is reflected in the calendar as a cycle of 260 days (which is the product of 13 and 20).
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This date was Each day was named with one of 20 day names plus a number that cycled from 1 to 13.
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the day of creation, all the cycles above the katun were set on 13.
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | 2012 Calendar Convergence| apocalypse Aztec dreamspell calendar 2012 gods Indian 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

Origin of the Tzolk'in

.The exact origin of the Tzolk'in is not known, but there are several theories.^ There are several theories as to why this might be.
  • Achaeology astrology Mayan Calendar 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.cancuncd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The exact origin of the Tzolk'in is not known, but there are several theories.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The original purpose of devising such a calendar, with no obvious relation to any astronomical or geophysical cycle, is not securely known, but there are several theories.
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One theory is that the calendar came from mathematical operations based on the numbers thirteen and twenty, which were important numbers to the Maya.^ When it came to mathematics, time and calendars, the Maya were geniuses.
  • Honduras Mayan Ruins 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.dirla.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One theory is that the calendar came from mathematical operations based on the numbers thirteen and twenty, which were important numbers to the Maya.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So how important is the calendar and understanding the Maya to me?
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The numbers multiplied together equal 260. Another theory is that the 260-day period came from the length of human pregnancy.^ X 20 = 260 days = 9 months = gestation period for a human being.

^ Another theory is that the 260-day period came from the length of human pregnancy.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The human calendar has 260 day cycles.

.This is close to the average number of days between the first missed menstrual period and birth, unlike Naegele's rule which is 40 weeks (280 days) between the last menstrual period and birth.^ This is close to the average number of days of gestation.
  • 2012hoax: Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012hoax.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first day of each month is numbered 0, and the last day is day 19.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ This is close to the average number of days between the first missed menstrual period and birth, unlike Naegele's rule which is 40 weeks (280 days) between the last menstrual period and birth.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is postulated that midwives originally developed the calendar to predict babies' expected birth dates.^ It is postulated that midwives originally developed the calendar to predict babies' expected birth dates.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mayan calendar is based on a system originally devised for use in the region where it was developed, an area of southern Mexico known as Soconusco.
  • Mayan Calendar 11:11 21-12-2012 - Following the Tzolkin - 2012 Galactic Alignment | 11:11 21-12-2012 Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012rising.com [Source type: General]

^ Remember, the start date is a factor of the Tun calendar which was developed at least 500 years after other Mayan calendars.
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A third theory comes from understanding of astronomy, geography and paleontology.^ A third theory comes from understanding of astronomy, geography and paleontology.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The mesoamerican calendar probably originated with the Olmecs, and a settlement existed at Izapa, in southeast Chiapas Mexico, before 1200 BC. There, at a latitude of about 15° N, the Sun passes through zenith twice a year, and there are 260 days between zenithal passages, and gnomons (used generally for observing the path of the Sun and in particular zenithal passages), were found at this and other sites.^ The 260 and 365 day calendars synchronized every 52 years.
  • The Mayan Calendar ends in 2012!! 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many renditions of it exist and have existed through the years and throughout Mexico.
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With this year of 365 days, the calendar was a solar calendar .
  • Astronomy Answers: Historical Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The sacred almanac may well have been set in motion on August 13, 1359 BC, in Izapa.^ The sacred almanac may well have been set in motion on August 13, 1359 BCE, in Izapa.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It should also be pointed out that August 11, 3114 BC (or August 13), is not the start of the current era, but is the end (the completion) of the previous era.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The commonly-agreed start time of August 6-13, 3113 BC was used as the origin of the cycle.
  • THE ULTIMATE SECRET OF THE MAYAN CALENDAR 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC divinecosmos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Vincent H. Malmström, a geographer who suggested this location and date, outlines his reasons:
.(1) Astronomically, it lay at the only latitude in North America where a 260-day interval (the length of the "strange" sacred almanac used throughout the region in pre-Columbian times) can be measured between vertical sun positions -- an interval which happens to begin on the 13th of August -- the day the peoples of the Mesoamerica believed that the present world was created; (2) Historically, it was the only site at this latitude which was old enough to have been the cradle of the sacred almanac, which at that time (1973) was thought to date to the 4th or 5th centuries B.C.; and (3) Geographically, it was the only site along the required parallel of latitude that lay in a tropical lowland ecological niche where such creatures as alligators, monkeys, and iguanas were native -- all of which were used as day-names in the sacred almanac.^ Each day uses a sacred sun/glyph.
  • Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.authenticmaya.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Prophecies and Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See we all create the world coming, and what is in it.
  • 2012 Mayan Calendar Are You Ready for 5D Earth 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.maya12-21-2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The calendar is a 260-day pattern of repeating intentions and aspects throughout all Creation.
  • 2012 Mayan Calendar Are You Ready for 5D Earth 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.maya12-21-2012.com [Source type: Original source]

[9]
.Malmström also offers strong arguments against both of the former explanations.^ Malmström also offers strong arguments against both of the former explanations.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A fourth theory is that the calendar is based on the crops.^ One theory is that the calendar came from mathematical operations based on the numbers thirteen and twenty, which were important numbers to the Maya.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From planting to harvest is approximately 260 days.^ Most important in the astrology is the reference to the human gestation period of approximately 260 days.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Universal Underworld is approximately 260 days in length, with each Day and Night less than three weeks long.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hence this interlocking cycle links the tropical year, and the Maya approximation to the lunar month, with a 260 day interlock period.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Haab'

Haab' "months"[10]
Name Meaning
Pop mat
Wo black conjunction
Sip red conjunction
Sotz' bat
Sek  ?
Xul dog
Yaxk'in new sun
Mol water
Ch'en black storm
Yax green storm
Sak white storm
Keh red storm
Mak enclosed
K'ank'in yellow sun
Muwan owl
Pax planting time
K'ayab' turtle
Kumk'u granary
Wayeb' five unlucky days
Jones 1984
.The Haab' was the Maya solar calendar made up of eighteen months of twenty days each plus a period of five days ("nameless days") at the end of the year known as Wayeb' (or Uayeb in 16th C. orthography).^ However, unlike our calendar, the haab cycle is made up of eighteen months of twenty days each, plus five days at the end of the year.
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The five-day period was considered to be unlucky.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The solar calendar is composed of 18 months of 20 days.
  • Guatemala Lessons 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.worldtrek.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bricker (1982) estimates that the Haab' was first used around 550 BC with the starting point of the winter solstice.^ It is likely that the summer or winter solstice was used to celebrate the start of the year.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bricker (1982) estimates that the Haab' was first used around 550 BCE with the starting point of the winter solstice.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bricker (1982) estimates that the Haab' was first used around 550 BCE with the starting point of the December winter solstice.
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Haab' month names are known today by their corresponding names in colonial-era Yukatek Maya, as transcribed by 16th century sources (in particular, Diego de Landa and books such as the Chilam Balam of Chumayel).^ The Haab' month names are most commonly referred to by their names in colonial-era Yucatec (Yukatek).
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Haab' month names are known today by their corresponding names in colonial-era Yukatek Maya, as transcribed by 16th century sources (in particular, Diego de Landa and books such as the Chilam Balam of Chumayel).
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This era is known as the time of the Classic Maya.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Phonemic analyses of Haab' glyph names in pre-Columbian Maya inscriptions have demonstrated that the names for these twenty-day periods varied considerably from region to region and from period to period, reflecting differences in the base language(s) and usage in the Classic and Postclassic eras predating their recording by Spanish sources.^ Days were identified, in the Classical era of the Maya, for the number-name of the Tzolkin, followed by the number-name of the Haab.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The name, meaning and symbol can vary in different Maya languages.
  • Collecting Bromeliads and Orchids in Florida - Mayan Civilization II 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.jacksbromeliads.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On each of these glyphs I engrave on the backside the maya/english name of the glyph...
  • Jim Lutz/BolaMan - Maya Glyph Jewelry 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.clearlight.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.Each day in the Haab' calendar was identified by a day number in the month followed by the name of the month.^ We usually write the month name and the day number side by side, as in 1 January or January 1.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ Days were identified, in the Classical era of the Maya, for the number-name of the Tzolkin, followed by the number-name of the Haab.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Haab' and the Tzolk'in calendars identified and named the days, but not the years.
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Day numbers began with a glyph translated as the "seating of" a named month, which is usually regarded as day 0 of that month, although a minority treat it as day 20 of the month preceding the named month.^ The day numbers, glyphs and names are : ( Back to Text ) .

^ We usually write the month name and the day number side by side, as in 1 January or January 1.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ Each day in the cycle is identified by both a day number and a day name glyph.
  • Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the latter case, the seating of Pop is day 5 of Wayeb'. For the majority, the first day of the year was 0 Pop (the seating of Pop).^ In the latter case, the seating of Pop is day 5 of Wayeb'.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the majority, the first day of the year was 0 Pop (the seating of Pop).
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  •  Haab Maya calendric system 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC haab.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus the first day is 0 Pop, then 1 Pop, 2 Pop, and so on.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

.This was followed by 1 Pop, 2 Pop as far as 19 Pop then 0 Wo, 1 Wo and so on.^ In contrast to the Tzolkin dates, the Haab month names changed every 20 days; so the day after 4 Pop would be 5 Pop , followed by 6 Pop , etc., up to 19 Pop , which is followed by 0 Uo .
  • 2012hoax: Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012hoax.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For instance, a Maya day written 0 Pop is followed by 1 Pop, ..., 19 Pop, 0 Uo, 1 Uo, and so on.

.As a calendar for keeping track of the seasons, the Haab' was a bit inaccurate, since it treated the year as having exactly 365 days, and ignored the extra quarter day (approximately) in the actual tropical year.^ In the Julian calendar the average year has a length of 365.25 days.
  • Calendar Converter 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.fourmilab.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Haab' is equivalent to the wandering 365-day year of the ancient Egyptians .
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya based their original calendar on the true seasonal year with 365 days.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

.This meant that the seasons moved with respect to the calendar year by a quarter day each year, so that the calendar months named after particular seasons no longer corresponded to these seasons after a few centuries.^ The Haab' and the Tzolk'in calendars identified and named the days, but not the years.
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The result, at any rate, was to have a calendar with 260 separate names for each day of the year.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This meant that the seasons moved with respect to the calendar year by a quarter day each year, so that the calendar months named after particular seasons no longer corresponded to these seasons after a few centuries.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Haab' is equivalent to the wandering 365-day year of the ancient Egyptians.^ The length of the Tzolkin year was 260 days and the length of the Haab year was 365 days.
  • 2012hoax: Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012hoax.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Haab' is equivalent to the wandering 365-day year of the ancient Egyptians .
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This gives a year length of 365 days.
  • 2012hoax: Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.2012hoax.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Wayeb'

.The five nameless days at the end of the calendar, called Wayeb', were thought to be a dangerous time.^ What would we call that day in the Gregorian calendar?
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ Following 360-day Maya solar calendar are five "nameless days."
  • *�*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | 2012 Calendar Convergence| apocalypse Aztec dreamspell calendar 2012 gods Indian 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Mayans Call it the ‘end days’ or the end of time as we know it.
  • The Mayan Calendar | MySpace 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

.Foster (2002) writes "During Wayeb, portals between the mortal realm and the Underworld dissolved.^ Foster (2002) writes "During Wayeb, portals between the mortal realm and the Underworld dissolved.
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is during the 12th Heaven of the Galactic Underworld that a balance between East and West should be attained in some fashion according to Calleman.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, during Day Seven of the Galactic Underworld were likely to see very significant signs of balance between East and West, as well as a more balanced consciousness.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

.No boundaries prevented the ill-intending deities from causing disasters."^ No boundaries prevented the ill-intending deities from causing disasters."
  • Maya calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To ward off these evil spirits, the Maya had customs and rituals they practiced during Wayeb'. For example, people avoided leaving their houses or washing or combing their hair.^ For example, people avoided leaving their houses or washing or combing their hair.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To ward off these evil spirits, the Maya had customs and rituals they practiced during Wayeb'.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They also believe that the forest houses spirits, and to keep evil away, villagers often set up four pairs of crosses and four jaguar spirits, or balam, at their village’s four entrances.


Calendar Round

.Neither the Tzolk'in nor the Haab' system numbered the years.^ Neither the Tzolk'in nor the Haab' system numbered the years.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tzolkin is the anchor of the entire system, from the 26 day rotation of the Sun's equator to the "Sacred Year" of the Maya to the number of katuns in the Mayan Calendar.
  • CHAPTER 17: CHATELAIN'S MAYAN CALENDAR 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC divinecosmos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Expert mode you can set any correlation, choose from "Terminal", or "Initial" year-bearer systems, and set "Year constant" (the number of the day in the year that occurred on the day with a zero long count).

.The combination of a Tzolk'in date and a Haab' date was enough to identify a date to most people's satisfaction, as such a combination did not occur again for another 52 years, above general life expectancy.^ The Haab' and the Tzolk'in calendars identified and named the days, but not the years.
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The calendar round combines the tzolk'in and haab dates.
  • Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The combination of a Haab' date and a Tzolk'in date was enough to identify a specific date to most people's satisfaction, as such a combination did not occur again for another 52 years, above general life expectancy.
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because the two calendars were based on 260 days and 365 days respectively, the whole cycle would repeat itself every 52 Haab' years exactly.^ This longer, fifty-two-year cycle is the Calendar Round.
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any day calculated on these cycles would not repeat for 18,980 days - 52 years.
  • Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.authenticmaya.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan Prophecies and Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Haab' and the Tzolk'in calendars identified and named the days, but not the years.
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This period was known as a Calendar Round.^ This period was known as a Calendar Round.
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Tzolk'in combined with another 365-day calendar (known as the Haab , or Haab' ), to form a synchronized cycle lasting for 52 Haabs, called the Calendar Round .
  • Maya calendar - 2012 Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As 73 is half of 146, two calendar rounds do lead to a recurrence of the 584-day synodic period of Venus, and this is, at the least, a coincidence.
  • The Mayan Calendar 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.quadibloc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The end of the Calendar Round was a period of unrest and bad luck among the Maya, as they waited in expectation to see if the gods would grant them another cycle of 52 years.^ This longer, fifty-two-year cycle is the Calendar Round.
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The total 52-year Calendar Round is 18,980-days.
  • Mesoamerican Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.timeemits.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its the end of the Mayan Calendar, the end of cycles.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

Long Count

.
Detail showing three columns of glyphs from 2nd century CE La Mojarra Stela 1.
^ File:La Mojarra Inscription and Long Count date.jpg Detail showing three columns of glyphs from 2nd century AD La Mojarra Stela 1 .
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Part of Mayan Calendar" La Mojarra Stela with Long date inscript.
  • Emergent Culture – The Mayan Calendar and Dec. 21, 2012: The Facts, the Fiction and the Marvels 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC emergent-culture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Price For All Three: $42.31 Show availability and shipping details .
  • Amazon.com: The Mayan Calendar and the Transformation of Consciousness (9781591430285): Carl Johan Calleman: Books 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

The left column gives a Long Count date of 8.5.16.9.7, or 156 CE. The two right columns are glyphs from the Epi-Olmec script.
.Since Calendar Round dates can only distinguish in 18,980 days, equivalent to around 52 solar years, the cycle repeats roughly once each lifetime, and thus, a more refined method of dating was needed if history was to be recorded accurately.^ The solar calendar is composed of 18 months of 20 days.
  • Guatemala Lessons 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.worldtrek.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This longer, fifty-two-year cycle is the Calendar Round.
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 52-year Calendar Round equals 73-Tzolken-sacred-years and both equal 18,980-days.
  • Mesoamerican Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.timeemits.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To measure dates, therefore, over periods longer than 52 years, Mesoamericans devised the Long Count calendar.^ Long Count date.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The original article was at Mesoamerican Long Count calendar .
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 5 digit Long Count can therefore be confirmed with the other 4 characters (the "calendar round date").
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Maya name for a day was k'in.^ The following names are sometimes quoted, although they are not ancient Maya terms: 1 pictun = 20 baktun = 2,880,000 days = approx.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Days were identified, in the Classical era of the Maya, for the number-name of the Tzolkin, followed by the number-name of the Haab.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya also retrocalculated back to the very beginning of the current era (the 'second creation') to find that the initial Haab and Tzolkin days name and numbers were 8-Cumku and 4-Ahau.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Twenty of these k'ins are known as a winal or uinal.^ Twenty of these k'ins are known as a winal (or uinal ).
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The passage of twenty k'ins (days) makes up one winal , the next higher unit.

.Eighteen winals make one tun.^ Eighteen winals or 360 k'in make one tun .
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The passage of twenty k'ins (days) makes up one winal , the next higher unit.

^ Twenty tuns makes up one k'atun , which is about 19 years and 8 months.

.Twenty tuns are known as a k'atun.^ Twenty k'atuns make a b'ak'tun .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Twenty tuns are known as a k'atun .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Twenty tuns makes up one k'atun , which is about 19 years and 8 months.

.Twenty k'atuns make a b'ak'tun.^ Twenty k'atuns make a b'ak'tun .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Twenty tuns are known as a k'atun .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Twenty kins make a uinal, 18 uinals a tun, 20 tuns a katun and 20 katuns a baktun.
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Long Count calendar identifies a date by counting the number of days from the Mayan creation date 4 Ahaw, 8 Kumk'u (August 11, 3114 BC in the proleptic Gregorian calendar or September 6 in the Julian calendar).^ Let's return to the Long Count in the earliest days of the calendar.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ Mayan Calendar 2012 – Creating Reality.
  • Mayan calendar - surchur 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC surchur.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The count of days which starts at August 11, 3114 BC, was first derived by Joseph Goodman in 1905.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But instead of using a base-10 (decimal) scheme like Western numbering, the Long Count days were tallied in a modified base-20 scheme.^ Finally we get to day number 359, with Long Count 0.0.0.17.19.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ The Long Count calendar identifies a date by counting the number of days from August 11, 3114 BC. Rather than using a base-10 scheme, like Western numbering, the Long Count days were tallied in a base-20 scheme.
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is day number 1,871,199 of the Long Count.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

.Thus 0.0.0.1.5 is equal to 25, and 0.0.0.2.0 is equal to 40. As the winal unit resets after only counting to 18, the Long Count consistently uses base-20 only if the tun is considered the primary unit of measurement, not the k'in; with the k'in and winal units being the number of days in the tun.^ It is thus akin to the Julian Day Number.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Finally we get to day number 359, with Long Count 0.0.0.17.19.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ Using modern notation, the Tun/Long Count is expressed simply by numbers.
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Long Count 0.0.1.0.0 represents 360 days, rather than the 400 in a purely base-20 (vigesimal) count.^ Thus 0.0.1.0.0 does not represent 400 days, but rather only 360 days.
  • Mesoamerican Long Count calendar - Calendar Wiki 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC calendars.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Long Count was a day to day count of consecutive days.
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kins are days and count from 1 to 20.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Table of Long Count units
Days Long Count period Long Count period Approx solar years
1 = 1 K'in    
20 = 20 K'in = 1 Winal 0.055
360 = 18 Winal = 1 Tun 1
7,200 = 20 Tun = 1 K'atun 19.7
144,000 = 20 K'atun = 1 B'ak'tun 394.3
.There are also four rarely used higher-order cycles: piktun, kalabtun, k'inchiltun, and alautun.^ There are also four rarely-used higher-order periods: piktun , kalabtun , k'inchiltun , and alautun (Mesoamerican Long Count calendar.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are nine Lords, and they take turns watching over the days in order, creating a 9-day cycle.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ Is the arithmetic such that there is no useful cycle?
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since the Long Count dates are unambiguous, the Long Count was particularly well suited to use on monuments.^ Long Count date.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another significant monument at Tikal is known as Stela 29, exhibited as the earliest known and well-known inscriptions in the Maya lowlands with a Long Count date of 292 A.D. For archaeologists, Stela 29 is an approximate marker for the beginning of the Mayan Classic period, an era during which the Long Count was used on countless Maya inscriptions, (Price, 318).
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shows all forms of Maya dates: long-count, short-count, period ending, etc.
  • Maya Calendar 2.02 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.reg.net [Source type: General]
  • Maya Calendar 2.02 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.reg.net [Source type: General]

.The monumental inscriptions would not only include the 5 digits of the Long Count, but would also include the two tzolk'in characters followed by the two haab' characters.^ Only the Long Count made sense.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The other two Mayan calendars were the Haab, with 360 days, for civil purposes and the "Long Count" (pink), with cycles up to days.
  • The Mayan Calendar - Wolfram Demonstrations Project 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC demonstrations.wolfram.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Calendrica 2.0 Maya Calendar software, includes long Count, Calendar Round, plus calendars from other cultures.

.Misinterpretation of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar is the basis for a New Age belief that a cataclysm will take place on December 21, 2012.^ AND DECEMBER 21, 2012 .
  • Emergent Culture – The Mayan Calendar and Dec. 21, 2012: The Facts, the Fiction and the Marvels 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC emergent-culture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ December 21, 2012 is Mayan calendar day #160 "4 Lord."

^ December 21 2012 the END? (Part 5 of 6) .

.December 21, 2012 is simply the first day of the 14th b'ak'tun.^ AND DECEMBER 21, 2012 .
  • Emergent Culture – The Mayan Calendar and Dec. 21, 2012: The Facts, the Fiction and the Marvels 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC emergent-culture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ December 21, 2012 is Mayan calendar day #160 "4 Lord."

^ December 21 2012 the END? (Part 5 of 6) .

.Sandra Noble, executive director of the Mesoamerican research organization FAMSI, notes that "for the ancient Maya, it was a huge celebration to make it to the end of a whole cycle". She considers the portrayal of December 2012 as a doomsday or cosmic-shift event to be "a complete fabrication and a chance for a lot of people to cash in."^ December 21 2012 the END? (Part 4 of 6) .

^ That’s what is behind the 2012 cycle-ending date.
  • John Major Jenkins on the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.soundstrue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ December 21 2012 the END? (Part 5 of 6) .

[12] .The 2009 science fiction apocalyptic disaster film 2012 is based on this belief.^ What is the "2012" disaster movie based in?
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The film ‘I Am Legend’ sees Will Smith thrust into a post-apocalyptic world sometime late in the year 2012.
  • 2012 Galactic Alignment | 11:11 21-12-2012 Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012rising.net [Source type: General]

^ One should be aware of the 2012 websites made just to promote the 2012 film and its fear-based drama, such as the fictional Institute for Human Continuity and its Survival Lottery.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Supplementary series

.Many classic period inscriptions include a supplementary series.^ Initially established during the Preclassic period , many of these reached their apogee of development during the Classic period (c.
  • Maya civilization - 2012 Wiki 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The supplementary series was deciphered by John E. Teeple (1874–1931). A supplementary series consists of the following:

Nine lords of the night

.Each night was ruled by one of the nine lords of the underworld.^ In this plan for the evolution of consciousness we are now approaching the sixth night of the Galactic Underworld, the eighth of the nine Underworlds, which will begin on November 8, 2009.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The nine-day cycle of the Lord of the Night calendar runs around and around, from G1 to G9 and back to G1, independently of what's happening in the other calendars.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ I suspect, on the basis of other sources, that the 'Nine Lords of the Night' represented Jupiter and the eight close satellites, visible at close range after 3147 BC. Jupiter was known as "The Nine."
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This nine day cycle was usually written as two glyphs: a glyph that referred to the Nine Lords as a group, followed by a glyph for the lord that would rule the next night.^ We begin the next cycle with another day.
  • Earthcode: New Revelations on the Mayan Calendar ~ The Next Nine Years 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC paulapeterson.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then the next day would be 6 Tuesday, then 7 Wednesday, and so on.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ There is some uncertainty as to whether (what has usually been taken to be) the first day of each haab month (e.g., 0 Zip ) is really the last (i.e., the 20th, or the 5th) day of the preceding month ( Pop in this case), or in other words, whether the last day of each month was actually written as "the day before the beginning of (the next) month", where the glyph translated as "the seating of" was used with the meaning of "the day before the beginning of the next month, namely ...".
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Lunar series

.A lunar Series generally is written as five glyphs that provide information about the current lunation, the number of the lunation in a series of six, the current ruling lunar deity and the length of the current lunation.^ Mostly this is because of a lack of knowledge about the true Mayan calendar, but also because those teaching the Dreamspell calendar do not provide adequate information about the origin of this and why it was invented.
  • Aquarius Papers - Global Astrology: The Mayan Calendar, 2012, What’s To Come and Hope For The Future 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.aquariuspapers.com [Source type: General]

^ However, in some inscriptions, the tzolk'in date and haab date are separated by 5-8 glyphs called the " lunar series ".
  • Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This gave the numbers of days elapsed since the start of a lunation, its position in a lunar half-year of six months, and its duration as a twenty-nine or thirty day moon.
  • Mayan calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.ancientx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Moon age

.The Maya counted the number of days in the current lunation.^ Then 11:11UT just happens to be the time of the winter solstice on 21-12-2012 or the last day of the current Maya Long Count cycle.
  • 2012 Galactic Alignment | 11:11 21-12-2012 Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012rising.net [Source type: General]

^ The tzolkin is the anchor of the entire system, from the 26 day rotation of the Sun's equator to the "Sacred Year" of the Maya to the number of katuns in the Mayan Calendar.
  • CHAPTER 17: CHATELAIN'S MAYAN CALENDAR 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC divinecosmos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Expert mode you can set any correlation, choose from "Terminal", or "Initial" year-bearer systems, and set "Year constant" (the number of the day in the year that occurred on the day with a zero long count).

.They started with zero on the first night they saw the thin crescent moon.^ The 'First Idea' - During the 'First Night' - Abraham moved to Canaan and started up a church.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Jehovah's Witnesses got started in 1870 expressly looking for something they could hang on Revelations & thus be the first & best prepared for The End of The World.
  • 2012: The End of the Mayan Calendar 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.astroamerica.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The third underworld, starting thirteen kinchiltuns or 41 million years ago, saw the evolution of primates and the first, rudimentay use of tools by human ancestors.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

Lunation number and lunar deity

.The Maya counted the lunation in a cycle of six, numbered zero through 5. Each one was ruled by one of the six Lunar Deities.^ Meanwhile, the contemporary Maya are keeping their count of days, marked in 20-day cycles, when Earth receives the progressive doses of cosmic information arriving through the harmonic resonance of divine transmission.
  • "The Mayan Calendar and Pittsburgh's role in the 2012 transformation" 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC indigosociety.com [Source type: General]

^ The Maya believed that each of the intervals within such units of time as the day, the night, the solar year, the Katun, the lunar cycle and the greater Venus cycle was ruled by a different deity or set of deities.

^ The Calendar is not simply one cycle; it is measured through smaller cycles, which must also be considered.
  • CHAPTER 17: CHATELAIN'S MAYAN CALENDAR 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC divinecosmos.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This was written as two glyphs: a glyph for the completed lunation in the lunar count with a coefficient of 0 through 5 and a glyph for the lunar deity that ruled the current lunation.^ If the present age also lasts 13 baktun , the current cycle of the long count will be completed when the count again reaches 13.0.0.0.0, in 2012.
  • Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The glyphs for the months are completely different from the Tzolkin glyphs and have the characteristics of the later development of the written language.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two known lunar interlocking cycles have concealed a third interlocking cycle linking the lunar to the 360 day tun, and hence the Long Count.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Teeple found that Quirigua Stela E (9.17.0.0.0) is lunar deity 2 and that most other inscriptions use this same moon number.^ On Quirigua Stela C, it is used in place of zero to mark completion of katun, tun and k'in periods.
  • Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mayan/Aztec systems used the basic numbers 13, 18, 20, 36, 360, and others.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The same theme can be found reflected in the prophecies of many other Native American visionaries from Black Elk to Sun Bear.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

It's an interesting date because it was a Ka'tun completion and a solar eclipse was visible in the Maya area two days later on the first unlucky day of Wayeb'.

Lunation length

.The length of the lunar month is 29.53059 days so if you count the number of days in a lunation it will be either 29 or 30 days.^ The days of the month were numbered from 0 to 19.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ View Mayan Calendar Stone The order is Day , Month Number, and 4 digit Year eg.
  • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The uinal of 20 days, the length of each of the 18 months of the Long Count, is commonly represented by a moon glyph.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The maya wrote whether the lunar month was 29 or 30 days as two glyphs: a glyph for lunation length followed by either a glyph made up of a moon glyph over a bundle with a suffix of 19 for a 29 day lunation or a moon glyph with a suffix of 10 for a 30 day lunation.^ The calendar was made up of 18 months, each lasting 20 days.
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The days of the month were numbered from 0 to 19.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each month is made up of exactly 20 numbered days.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

Short Count

.In the kingdoms of Postclassic Yucatán, the linear Long Count notation had fallen into disuse and had given way to a cyclical Short Count of 13 katuns (or 260 tuns), in which each katun was named after its concluding day, Ahau ('Lord').^ In our notation of these Katuns, Tuns, Uinals, and Kins, the Long Count is rendered as 0.0.0.0.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Katuns are named after the last Tzolkin day of a Katun; in this case the day 11-Ahau.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most important Mesoamerican ritual period was the Tzolkin, a calendar of great age in Mesoamerica, with a period of 260 days; made up of a repeating sequence of the numbers one to 13, and 20 day names.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.1 Imix was selected as the recurrent 'first day' of the cycle, corresponding to 1 Cipactli in the Aztec day count.^ Others have suggested that this is because Katun 11-Ahau begins with 1-Imix, the first day of the Tzolkin.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then 11:11UT just happens to be the time of the winter solstice on 21-12-2012 or the last day of the current Maya Long Count cycle.
  • 2012 Galactic Alignment | 11:11 21-12-2012 Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012rising.net [Source type: General]

^ The count of days which starts at August 11, 3114 BC, was first derived by Joseph Goodman in 1905.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The cycle was counted from katun 11 Ahau to katun 13 Ahau, with the coefficients of the katuns' concluding days running in the order 11 - 9 - 7 - 5 - 3 - 1 - 12 - 10 - 8 - 6 - 4 - 2 - 13 Ahau (since a division of 20 X 360 days by 13 falls 2 days short).^ Kins are days and count from 1 to 20.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each day, both the 13-day cycle of numbers and the 20-day cycle of names each advance by 1.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

^ PART 1 - PART 2 - PART 3 - PART 4 - PART 5 - PART 6 - PART 7 - PART 8 - PART 9 - PART 10 - PART 11 - PART 12 - PART 13 - PART 14 .
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The concluding day 13 Ahau was followed by the re-entering first day 1 Imix.^ Others have suggested that this is because Katun 11-Ahau begins with 1-Imix, the first day of the Tzolkin.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sequence of days from the first day of the year to the last thus runs as follows: 0 Pop 1 Pop ...
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Now the 20-day name cycle goes back to its start, but the 13-day number cycle is still in the middle so it just keeps going; the next day is 8 Imix, then 9 Ik, and so on.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

.This is the system as it is found in the colonial Books of Chilam Balam.^ It is not surprising that this confusion exists, since Book 10 of the "Chilam Balam" is obviously derived from diverse sources.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There certainly was a calendar in use, dating back some 700 years, as the "Books of the Chilam Balam" show.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Books of Chilam Balam are also of special consideration and were written during the Spanish Conquest.
  • Aquarius Papers - Global Astrology: The Newest On 2012 Mayan Calendar and Prophesies - the End of the Age from Mayan Authorities 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.aquariuspapers.com [Source type: General]

In characteristic Mesoamerican fashion, these books project the cycle onto the landscape, with 13 Ahauob 'Lordships' dividing the land of Yucatán into 13 'kingdoms'.[13]

Venus cycle

.Another important calendar for the Maya was the Venus cycle.^ The Tzolk'in is the Sacred calendar of the Maya and is based on the cycles of the Pleiadies.
  • World Mysteries - Strange Artifacts - Mayan and Aztec Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.world-mysteries.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The December 21, 2012 date is specifically referring to the completion of the Ancient Maya's Long Count Calendar, known as the 13 Baktun Cycle, or Great Cycle.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robert D. Penden, "The Maya Calendar --- Why 260 Days?", an on-line article , argues that 260 days is an optimal choice of a ritual period fitting astronomical cycles.
  • Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Maya kings had skilled astronomers, who could calculate the Venus cycle with great accuracy.^ The December 21, 2012 date is specifically referring to the completion of the Ancient Maya's Long Count Calendar, known as the 13 Baktun Cycle, or Great Cycle.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Using a day-by-day count, Euro-American astronomers could finally synchronize their calendars with the Maya Priests.

^ Robert D. Penden, "The Maya Calendar --- Why 260 Days?", an on-line article , argues that 260 days is an optimal choice of a ritual period fitting astronomical cycles.
  • Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are six pages in the Postclassic Dresden Codex devoted to the accurate calculation of the heliacal rising of Venus.^ The Dresden Codex contains the highest concentration of astronomical phenomena observations and calculations of any of the surviving texts (it appears that the data in this codex is primarily or exclusively of an astronomical nature).
  • Maya civilization - 2012 Wiki 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The actual Dresden Codex, with lots of pages (and it is slow to download) is available at http://www.famsi.org/mayawriting/codices/dresden.html .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cycle (4) is a lunar calculating cycle which is the length of an eclipse table in the Dresden Codex, a book of divination, the contents from around AD 682.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Maya were able to achieve such accuracy by careful observation over many years.^ A surprising aspect of the great Maya structures is their lack of many advanced technologies seemingly necessary for such constructions.
  • Maya civilization - 2012 Wiki 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya Tzolkin Calendar and the Maya Long Count Calendar both contain references many today believe point to the year 2012.

^ It’s fascinating what they were achieving even 2,000 years ago with their mathematics, their calendars, and their observation of sky cycles.
  • John Major Jenkins on the Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.soundstrue.com [Source type: Original source]

.There are various theories as to why Venus cycle was especially important for the Maya, including the belief that it was associated with war and used it to divine good times (called electional astrology) for coronations and war.^ There are also cave sites that are important to the Maya.
  • Maya civilization - 2012 Wiki 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya believed that each of the intervals within such units of time as the day, the night, the solar year, the Katun, the lunar cycle and the greater Venus cycle was ruled by a different deity or set of deities.

^ Then 11:11UT just happens to be the time of the winter solstice on 21-12-2012 or the last day of the current Maya Long Count cycle.
  • 2012 Galactic Alignment | 11:11 21-12-2012 Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 2012rising.net [Source type: General]

Maya rulers planned for wars to begin when Venus rose.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ See entry on Itzamna, in Miller and Taube (1993), pp.99-100.
  2. ^ a b Academia de las Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala (1988). Lenguas Mayas de Guatemala: Documento de referencia para la pronunciación de los nuevos alfabetos oficiales. Guatemala City: Instituto Indigenista Nacional. . Refer citation in Kettunen and Hemke (2005:5) for details and notes on adoption among the Mayanist community.
  3. ^ "Mythological" in the sense that when the Long Count was first devised sometime in the Mid- to Late Preclassic, long after this date; see for e.g. Miller and Taube (1993, p.50).
  4. ^ Finley (2002), Voss (2006, p.138)
  5. ^ Malmström (1997): "Chapter 6: The Long Count: The Astronomical Precision".
  6. ^ Coe (1992), Miller and Taube (1993).
  7. ^ Miller and Taube (1993, pp.68-71).
  8. ^ Classic-era reconstructions are as per Kettunen and Helmke (2005), pp.45–46..
  9. ^ Malmström (1997), and http://www.dartmouth.edu/~izapa/izapasite.html
  10. ^ Kettunen and Helmke (2005), pp.47–48
  11. ^ Boot (2002), pp.111–114.
  12. ^ As quoted in USA Today (MacDonald 2007).
  13. ^ Roys 1967: 132, 184-185

References

Aveni, Anthony F. (2001). .Skywatchers (originally published as: Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico [1980], revised and updated ed.^ Anthony Aventi, in "Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico" (1980), notes of a number of instances among Maya inscriptions (at Copán) where successful attempts were made to indicate the length of the tropical year.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico .
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

). .Austin: University of Texas Press.^ David Stuart, a specialist in Mayan epigraphy at the University of Texas at Austin.
  • Maya Tomb Find Could Help Explain Collapse 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (P.17), Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ University of Texas Press, Austin .
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

ISBN 0-292-70504-2. OCLC 45195586.
 
Boot, Erik (2002) (PDF). .A Preliminary Classic Maya-English/English-Classic Maya Vocabulary of Hieroglyphic Readings.^ Mathews, Peter         1991     "Classic Maya Emblem Glyphs" in Classic Maya Political History: Hieroglyphic and Archaeological Evidence edited by T. Patrick Culbert.
  • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mesoweb. .http://www.mesoweb.com/resources/vocabulary/Vocabulary.pdf.^ FROM: http://www.thecollapsingtower.com/37.htm .
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ See: Mayan Prophecy of the End of the Great Cycle http://www.greatdreams.com/mynproph.htm Quetzalcoatl translates to plumed serpent.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR DOES NOT END IN 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.flixya.com [Source type: General]

^ I don't subscribe to the above or the theory below but they are 'wierd' http://www.pickle-publishing.com/papers/ezekiels-city-circumference-of-the-earth.htm .

Retrieved 2006-11-10
.
 
Bricker, Victoria R. (February 1982). ."The Origin of the Maya Solar Calendar". Current Anthropology (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, sponsored by Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research) 23 (1): 101–103. doi:10.1086/202782.^ Maya Calendar Origins begins with the premise that the origin of the Mesoamerican calendars is a topic worthy of, and amenable to, investigation.
  • Table of Contents and Excerpt, Rice, Maya Calendar Origins 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC web3.cc.utexas.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mayan calendar carries a universal truth that is probably a much more urgent topic for study in today's global community than it ever was to the Maya.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "So this really changes our understanding of solar wind-magnetosphere coupling," said physicist Marit Oieroset of the University of California, Berkeley, also at the press conference.
  • Doomsday, The Mayan Calendar and 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

ISSN 0011-3204. OCLC 62217742.
 
.Coe, Michael D. (1987).^ (Michael D. Coe, The Maya , London: Thames and Hudson, 4th ed., 1987, p.
  • Maya civilization - 2012 Wiki 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Maya (4th revised ed.^ (Michael D. Coe, The Maya , London: Thames and Hudson, 4th ed., 1987, p.
  • Maya civilization - 2012 Wiki 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC 2012wiki.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

). London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-27455-X. OCLC 15895415.
 
.Coe, Michael D. (1992).^ (Source: Coe, Michael D.Hudson, 1992: 105).
  • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coe, Michael D.         1992     Breaking the Maya code .
  • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In his book Breaking the Maya Code (1992), Michael Coe refers to De Landa's manuscript as "the true Rosetta Stone for the decipherment of the Maya hierorlyphic writing" (p.100).
  • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Breaking the Maya Code.^ Coe, Michael D.         1992     Breaking the Maya code .
  • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Breaking the Maya Code Thames and Hudson,1992:105).
  • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In his book Breaking the Maya Code (1992), Michael Coe refers to De Landa's manuscript as "the true Rosetta Stone for the decipherment of the Maya hierorlyphic writing" (p.100).
  • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05061-9. OCLC 26605966.
 
Finley, Michael (2002). "The Correlation Question". .The Real Maya Prophecies: Astronomy in the Inscriptions and Codices.^ Originally posted by connectabores I would like to share something that really sums up where I am at with the Maya calander, and prophecies.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This Prophecy of the Ancient Maya is calling us to realize that We are Time.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Coe surmises that this is probably the reason why the "Carnegie era,, did not produce any advances or any "real corpus of Maya inscriptions" (p.129).
  • Glyphs, Early Belize History 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC ambergriscaye.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Maya Astronomy. http://members.shaw.ca/mjfinley/corr.html. Retrieved 2007-05-11.
 
Foster, Lynn V. (2002). .Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World.^ The ancient Maya have prophesied that the world will come to the end on 13 Baktun on their current calendar.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To the Maya, The Milky Way was seen as the Tree of Life where all life came from, depicted here as their symbol of "The World Tree" .
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the specific timing originates as a gift from the ancient Maya, the world's supreme timekeepers.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

with Foreword by Peter Mathews. New York: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-4148-2. OCLC 50676955.
 
Ivanoff, Pierre (1971). .Mayan Enigma: The Search for a Lost Civilization.^ The Ancients of Eden - a sci-fi novel written by Lucian about the Mayan Calendar, ancient lost civilizations and quantum computers which is being read as an audio book by Lucian.
  • mayan calendar : Planet TV 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.dailyplanettv.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Elaine P. Halperin (trans.) (translation of Découvertes chez les Mayas, English ed.). New York: Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-440-05528-8. OCLC 150172.
 
Jacobs, James Q. (1999). "Mesoamerican Archaeoastronomy: A Review of Contemporary Understandings of Prehispanic Astronomic Knowledge". Mesoamerican Web Ring. jqjacobs.net. .http://www.jqjacobs.net/mesoamerica/meso_astro.html.^ A copy of it is available at http://www.metatronminutes.net/Crop_circle_predicts.htm and as a downloadable pdf from the Articles page at http://www.metatronminutes.com/ .
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nonetheless, many will celebrate the 9.9.9 date regardless (see for example http://www.fredpajorden.se/sida21.html ).
  • The Mayan Calendar and the Evolution Of Consciousness 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC mayan-calendar.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The actual Dresden Codex, with lots of pages (and it is slow to download) is available at http://www.famsi.org/mayawriting/codices/dresden.html .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

Retrieved 2007-11-26
.
 
Jones, Christopher (1984). Deciphering Maya Hieroglyphs. Carl P. Beetz (illus.) (prepared for Weekend Workshop April 7 and 8, 1984, 2nd ed.). Philadelphia: University Museum, University of Pennsylvania. OCLC 11641566. 
Kettunen, Harri; and Christophe Helmke (2005) (PDF). Introduction to Maya Hieroglyphs: 10th European Maya Conference Workshop Handbook. Leiden, Netherlands: Wayeb and Leiden University. .http://www.mesoweb.com/resources/handbook/.^ See: Mayan Prophecy of the End of the Great Cycle http://www.greatdreams.com/mynproph.htm Quetzalcoatl translates to plumed serpent.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR DOES NOT END IN 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.flixya.com [Source type: General]

^ I don't subscribe to the above or the theory below but they are 'wierd' http://www.pickle-publishing.com/papers/ezekiels-city-circumference-of-the-earth.htm .

^ The country will sink even lower, which will make the flooding worse.” http://www.upi.com/Odd_News/2008/06/23/Many_Dutch_prepare_for_2012_apocalypse/UPI-40461214263554/ .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

Retrieved 2006-06-08
.
 
MacDonald, G. Jeffrey (27 March 2007). ."Does Maya calendar predict 2012 apocalypse?".^ USA Toda y reported the following in an article titled Does Maya calendar predict 2012 apocalypse?
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Does Maya calendar predict 2012 apocalypse?
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The December 21, 2012 date is specifically referring to the completion of the Ancient Maya's Long Count Calendar, known as the 13 Baktun Cycle, or Great Cycle.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

USA Today (McLean, VA: Gannett Company). ISSN 0734-7456. .http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/2007-03-27-maya-2012_n.htm.^ From: http://www.diagnosis2012.co.uk/ Note: Real science is predicting the next/current sun cycle to be the worst in 50 years.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR DOES NOT END IN 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.flixya.com [Source type: General]

^ See: Mayan Prophecy of the End of the Great Cycle http://www.greatdreams.com/mynproph.htm Quetzalcoatl translates to plumed serpent.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR DOES NOT END IN 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.flixya.com [Source type: General]

^ I don't subscribe to the above or the theory below but they are 'wierd' http://www.pickle-publishing.com/papers/ezekiels-city-circumference-of-the-earth.htm .

Retrieved 2009-05-28
.
 
Malmström, Vincent H. (1997) (online reproduction by author). .Cycles of the Sun, Mysteries of the Moon: The Calendar in Mesoamerican Civilization.^ I would say that almost all other calendars, they are related to the particular rhythms of astronomical cycles: of the sun, and the moon, and the earth, and how they are related.
  • Mayan Calendar and Transforming Consciousness 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.theatreofthemind.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Mayan Calendar is based on naturally occurring energy cycles and a close connection to Mother Earth, the Sun, and the Pleiades.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Calendar cycles are usually tied to celestial events like the orbit of the Earth around the Sun, the phases of the Moon, or the changes of the seasons.
  • About Mayan Calendars 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC coyote-wind.com [Source type: General]

.Austin: University of Texas Press.^ David Stuart, a specialist in Mayan epigraphy at the University of Texas at Austin.
  • Maya Tomb Find Could Help Explain Collapse 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (P.17), Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.
  • The Mayan Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.creatia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ University of Texas Press, Austin .
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR - WHY 260 DAYS? 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.spiderorchid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

ISBN 0-292-75197-4. OCLC 34354774. .http://www.dartmouth.edu/~izapa/CS-MM-Cover.html.^ It is also noteworthy that, in contrast, the urban legend of a "galactic alignment" as the basis for the Mayan Long Count for good reasons has consistently been rejected by professional scientists (see for instance Vincent Malmström, The Astronomical Insignificance of Maya date 13.0.0.0, http://www.dartmouth.edu/~izapa/M-32.pdf ).
  • The Mayan Calendar and the Evolution Of Consciousness 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC mayan-calendar.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nonetheless, many will celebrate the 9.9.9 date regardless (see for example http://www.fredpajorden.se/sida21.html ).
  • The Mayan Calendar and the Evolution Of Consciousness 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC mayan-calendar.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The actual Dresden Codex, with lots of pages (and it is slow to download) is available at http://www.famsi.org/mayawriting/codices/dresden.html .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

Retrieved 2007-11-26
.
 
Miller, Mary; and Karl Taube (1993). .The Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya: An Illustrated Dictionary of Mesoamerican Religion.^ The Ancient Classic Maya Temples of Palenque in Chiapas, Mexico .
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05068-6. OCLC 27667317.
 
Robinson, Andrew (2000). The Story of Writing: Alphabets, Hieroglyphs and Pictograms. London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-28156-4. OCLC 59432784. 
Roys, Ralph L. (1967). .The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel.^ The Books of Chilam Balam are also of special consideration and were written during the Spanish Conquest.
  • Aquarius Papers - Global Astrology: The Newest On 2012 Mayan Calendar and Prophesies - the End of the Age from Mayan Authorities 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.aquariuspapers.com [Source type: General]

^ Chliam Balam (Mayan priest): It is Katun 13...Heaven and earth shall burn...It is the holy judgment, the holy judgment...Great cities shall enter into Christianity (José Hoíl J, Roys R. The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A line of a page of the "Books of the Chilam Balam," dealing with the events of 2349 BC, reads..
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
 
.Schele, Linda; and David Freidel (1992).^ Note 8 -- Linda Schele and David Freidel, in "A Forest of Kings" (1990), note that in Maya texts the God K (also God II), who clearly is Mars, is associated with the four directions.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya (originally published New York: Morrow © 1990, pbk reprint ed.^ Note 8 -- Linda Schele and David Freidel, in "A Forest of Kings" (1990), note that in Maya texts the God K (also God II), who clearly is Mars, is associated with the four directions.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the specific timing originates as a gift from the ancient Maya, the world's supreme timekeepers.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC 13moon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

). New York: Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-688-11204-8. OCLC 145324300.
 
Tedlock, Barbara (1982). Time and the Highland Maya. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0-826-30577-6. OCLC 7653289. 
Tedlock, Dennis notes, trans., ed (1985). .Popol Vuh: The Definitive Edition of the Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life and the Glories of Gods and Kings.^ In the Mayan pantheon of deity the 12th Heaven is governed by the God of Dawn, Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli .
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Maya Astronomy Page The Popol Vuh Earth/Matrix The Mayan Prophecies The Mayan Calendar The Mayan Connection CalendarLand .
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

with commentary based on the ancient knowledge of the modern Quiché Maya. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-45241-X. OCLC 11467786.
 
Thomas, Cyrus (1897). ."Day Symbols of the Maya Year".^ The Maya considered these last 5 days of the year to be extremely unlucky.

^ The Mayas estimated that a 365-day year precessed through all the seasons twice in 7.13.0.0.0 days.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya based their original calendar on the true seasonal year with 365 days.
  • THE MAYAN CALENDAR and THE UNIVERSAL TIME CYCLE 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

in J. W. Powell (ed.) (Project Gutenberg EBook online reproduction). Sixteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1894–1895. Washington DC: Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution; U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 199–266. OCLC 14963920. http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/18973/.
 
Thompson, J. Eric S. (1971). Maya Hieroglyphic Writing: An Introduction. Civilization of the American Indian Series, No. 56 (3rd ed.). Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-806-10447-3. OCLC 275252. 
Tozzer, Alfred M. notes, trans., ed (1941). Landa's Relación de las cosas de Yucatán: a translation. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University vol. 18. Charles P. Bowditch and Ralph L. Roys (additional trans.) .(translation of Diego de Landa's Relación de las cosas de Yucatán [orig.^ The Maya Calendar we find in the codices that survived the Spanish conquest and the burning of documents by Bishop Diego de Landa, at Mani, Yucatán, México is used today to corroborate the calculations written in those codices and to calculate the dates of the Maya stelae and lintels.
  • Mayan Calender Research, page 1 16 January 2010 11:20 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

ca. 1566], with notes, commentary, and appendices incorporating translated excerpts of works by Gaspar Antonio Chi, Tomás López Medel, Francisco Cervantes de Salazar, and Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas. English ed.). Cambridge, MA: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. OCLC 625693.
 
Voss, Alexander (2006). "Astronomy and Mathematics". in Nikolai Grube (ed.). .Maya: Divine Kings of the Rain Forest.^ Note 8 -- Linda Schele and David Freidel, in "A Forest of Kings" (1990), note that in Maya texts the God K (also God II), who clearly is Mars, is associated with the four directions.
  • Recovering the Lost World - Part 15: The Maya Calendar 9 February 2010 15:16 UTC saturniancosmology.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Eva Eggebrecht and Matthias Seidel (assistant eds.). Cologne, Germany: Könemann. pp. 130–143. ISBN 978-3-8331-1957-6. OCLC 71165439.
 

External links

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 28, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Maya calendar, which are similar to those in the above article.








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